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ALLEN COUNTY PUBLIC LIBRARY 



3 1833 01742 4612 



GENEALOGY 
974.2 
G7659 
1915 



Digitized by the Internet Archive 
in 2013 



http://archive.org/details/granitemonthlymav47conc 



TH 



GRANITE MONTHLY 



/ 



A New Hampshire Magazine 



DEVOTED TO 



History, Biography, Literature 
and State Progress 



volume XLVII 
NEW SERIES, VOLUME X 



CONCORD, N. H. 

PUBLISHED BY THE GRANITE MONTHLY COMPANY 
1915 



The Granite Monthly 



CONTENTS, JANUARY-DECEMBER, 1915 
Old Series, Volume XLVII 

New Sehies, Volume X 

Page 

Abigail and Her Roses, by Annie Folsom Clough 389 

Art of Walking, The, by Harold L. Ransom 455 

Autumn and Its Flora, by Fred Myron Colby 451 

Baker Memorial Church and Its New Pastor, The, by James W. Tucker 429 

Carey, William W., by H. H. Metcalf 403 

Claremont Equal Suffrage Association, by Clara L. Hunton 75 

Claremont Revolutionary Soldiers 78 

Clark, Hon. A. Chester, by William E. Wallace 93 

Col. Timothy Bedel. - 495 

Concord and Portsmouth Turnpike, The, by J. M. Moses 309 

Concord Female Charitable Society . 30 1 

Concord's One Hundred and Fiftieth Anniversary 125 

Carroll, Col. Lysander EL, Postmaster of Concord, 1SS0-1S85 166 

Chandler, Hon. William E., Secretary of United States Navy, 18S2-1SS5, and 

United States Senator, 1SS7-1901 150 

Chase, Hon. William M., Associate Justice, New Hampshire Supreme Court, 

1S91-1907 156 

Corning, Hon. Charles R., Anniversary -Historian 130 

Eastman, Hon. Samuel C, Anniversary President , 128 

Gallinger, Hon. Jacob H., United States Senator, 1S91-I921 , 152 

Hollis, Hon. Henry F., United States Senator, 1913-1919 lot 

Kimball, Samuel S., President of New Hampshire Savings Bank, 1874-1894 148 

Kimball, Hon. John, Mayor of Concord, 1872-1S75 1 10 

Lyford, James O 162 

Martin, Hon. Nathaniel E., Mayor of Concord, 1S99- 1900 100 

Metcalf, Henry Harrison, Chairman of General Committee and Anniversary 

Exercises 164 

Mitchell, Hon. John M., Associate Justice, Superior Court, 1910-1913 153 

Niles, Rt. Rev. William W., D.D., LL.D., Protestant Episcopal Bishop of New 

Hampshire, 1S70-1914 138 

Parker, Hon. Hosea W., President of Legislative Reunion, Member of House of 

Representatives, 1859-1 860 . 134 

Reed, Rev. George Harlow, D.D., Pastor of First Congregational Church, Chair- 
man of Committee on Religious Observance 136 

Stevens, Hon. Lyman D., Mayor of Concord, 1S6S-1869 1 12 

Vannevar, Rev. John, D.D., Anniversary Preacher, Pastor Universalist Church, 

1895-1912 132 

talker, Hon. Joseph B., President of New Hampshire Board of Agriculture, 

1896-1906 -. 144 

White, Nathaniel , 246 

Concord, The Professional Life of, by Joseph M. Lucier 177 

The Legal Profession .....' 177 

Clark, Chester A 193 

Couch, Benjamin W 183 

X 



f>9837? 



iv . Contents 

Pase 
Concord's One Hundred and Fiftieth Anniversary — Continued: 

Demoiui, Fred Clarence 195 

Doherty, J. Joseph 202 

Driscoil, Frank G 202 

Dudley, David F '. 194 

Fletcher, George Moore . . . . . '. 185 

Foster, William A " 195 

Bill, George V , . . 199 

Hollis, Allen 1S7 

Jackson, Robert 200 

Lake, Harry F I 199 

Matthews, Joseph-S 189 

Murcbie, Alexander . . 19S 

Murchie, Robert C r 198 

Niles, Edward C 191 

Reinick, Judge James Waldron 185 

Stevens, Hon. Henry Webster 187 

Stevens, William Lyman 200 

Streeter, Hon. Frank Sherwin » 179 

Sulloway, Frank Jones \ 197 

Upton, Robert 197 

Woodworth, Edward Knowlton 196 

Wright, Robert M 201 

The Medical Profession 203 

Adams, Dr. Chancey 209 

Amsden, Dr. Henry H. . . , 219 

Bancroft, Dr. Charles Parker ..." 213 

Beauclerk, Dr. W. Preston \ 221 

Bugbee, Dr. Marion L 211 

Clarke, Dr. George Haven 223 

Conn, Dr. Granville P 204 

Cook, Dr. George • 208 

Dolloff, Dr. Charles II 224 

Douglass, Orlando B., M.D '. 214 

Gove, Dr. John McClure 218 

Grafton, Dr. Frank Willard ". 219 

Graves, Dr. Robert J ., 220 

Hoyt-Stevens, Dr. Elizabeth 217 

Sanders, Loren A., M.D 217 

Sprague, Dr. Fred A \ 222 

Stanley, Dr. Oramel Henry 223 

StiUings, Dr. Ferdinard A 207 

Walker, Dr. Charles Rumford 211 

Watson, Dr. Irving Allison 205 

Wilkins, Dr. Russell 218 

The Dental Profession ; 226 

Albee, Edmund H., D.D.S 226 

Cummings, Dr. E. S , . . 230 

Moulton, Dr. Louis 1 227 

Plaisted, Drs. Lester H. and Harold C 230 

Rowell, Dr. George E 228 

True, Dr. Charles L 229 

Washburn, Dr. Clarence J 229 



Cook tits v 

Page 

Concord's One Hundred and Fiftieth Anniversary — Continued: 

Worthen, Dr. John Henry 225 

Young, Dr. William A 22S 

Capital City Banks ; 231 

Concord Building and Loan Association 237 

First National Bank 231 

Loan and Trust Savings Bank 23-4 

Mechanicks National Bank, The 235 

Merrimack County Savings Bank, The 236 

National State Capital Bank, The 233 

New Hampshire Savings Bank, The , 236 

Concord, The Business Section of, by James W. Tucker 239 

Capitol City Women 297 

Chase, Mrs. William M 301 

Frost, Mrs. L. J. H 303 

Hoague, Mrs. Mary Tucker 302 

Remick, Mrs. Mary Smith 300 

Streeter, Mrs. Lilian Carpenter 299 

Thome, Mary Gordon Nichols '...." 301 

White. .Armenia S 297 

Woodworth. Mary Parker 29S 

Concord's New Bridges 291 

Concord's Wonolancet Club : ". 295 

Conn, Capt . Jacob 89 

Consolation, by George Wilson Jennings 28 

Cornish — One Hundred and Fiftieth Anniversary ,-. 397 

Country Graveyard, A. by Col. Daniel Hall 447 

Country Walk in April, A, by Fred Myron Colby , . 121 

Dearborn, Gen. Henry, by E. D. Hadley 409 

Dover, Visits of Famous Men to, by Annie Went worth Baer 323 

Dunbarton — One Hundred and Fiftieth Anniversary 400 

Earlier Transportation in the United States, by Charles Nevers Holmes 443 

Early Social Life in New England, by George W. Jennings 512 

Editor and Publisher's Notes ~ 32, 92, 124, 316, 34S, 428, 460, 516 

English Language, The, by Marilla M. Packer : Ill 

Franklin Pierce, A Boy's Vision of 419 

From the "Shay" to the Motor Car, by Helen Rolfe Holmes 435 

Goss, Charles Carpenter, by H. C. Pearson 317 

Hall, Rev. Aaron, by Rev. Rodney W. Roundy 5 

Haverhill, N. H., Autobiography of the First Bell, by Grace Woodward 80 

Hills in October, The, by Jeannette Morrill 425 

Hopkinton Celebration 349 

Indians of New Hampshire, The, by Charles Nevers Holmes ' 85 

In Tulip Land, by Maude Gordon Roby 313 

Is Marriage a Failure, by Marilla M. Ricker 23 

Legislative Reunion — Concord Anniversary ' 463 

Legislature of 1915, The, by James W. Tucker 33 

Libby Museum of WohVboro, The 70 

Lost Mother, The, by Ellen Weeks Tenney 421 

Meredith, N. H., History of the Congregational Church of, by Sarah M. Noyes 97 

Million Ancestors, A, by E. P. Tenney 437 

New England Story, A, by H. F. Lamb 419 

New Hampshire Memorial Hospital for Women and Children, The 224 



vi Contents 

Page 

North Conway Mount Kearsarge, The, by Ellen McRoberts Mason 72 

Old Days at Lake Winriepesaukee, by Bertha Green ;U5 

Orford — One Hundred and Fiftieth Anniversary * 398 

Pierce Statue, The 1 

Pilgrim's Thanksgiving Day," The, by Gilbert Patten Brown 507 

Portsmouth Authors, Reminiscences of, by C. A. Hazlett -. 103 

Portsmouth Marine Society, The, by Frank Warren Hackett 405 

Portsmouth " War Journal, " The, by Wallace Hackett 393 

Sewel Hoit Homestead, The •. 305 

Taxi with the Blue Door, The, by Edward J. Parchley 509 

That Fatal Night, by William Child.. M.D 119 

"The Flag— Memorial Day Sermon," by "Rev. Willis P. Odell, D.D 15 

Three Anniversaries — Cornish, Orford and Dumbarton Celebrate Their One Hundred 

and Fiftieth 397 

Tree of Tamworth, The, by David Alawen ; 335 

Wildcat Story, A, by L. E. Bliss 341 

New Hampshire Necrology 30, 90, 122. 315, 347, 395, 42G, 459, 514 

Adams, Hon. Herbert E 459 

Albee, John 124 

Albin, John H . . . . ^26 

Barker, Forest E 30 

Beckwith, Mrs. Emily L '. 91 

Bell, William G " 515 

Brewster, Lewis W 390 

Carleton, Dr. Bukk G • , 31 

Carter, Rev. Nathan F ! 514 

Cate, Leslie W 91 

Cavis, Harry M 396 

Chamberlain, Hon. William P : 348 

Champollion, Andre C . 124 

Chapman , Dr. Sumner F 395 

Chellis, Alvah B. . 91 

Clarke, Stephen G 395 

Corson, Woodbury E -. 315 

Davis, Rev. Pcrley B ...:... 395 

Dean, Col. Bradley 426 

Dodge, Arthur P 459 

Dutton, Benjamin F 347 

Edgerly, Maj. J. Homer 514 

Furber, Dudley L 31 

Gerrish, James L 91 

Goodell, Hon, David H 122 

Hadley, Hon. Herbert O 30 

Hikketh, Charles M ' 124 

Hill, Dr. Gardner C 316 

Hill, Edward L 395 

Hoyt, Col. Albert H 347 

Huntoon, Ora M 30 

King, Col. Dana W 31 

Marsh, Col. JohnF 90 

McDaniel, Hon. Charles 123 

Merrow, Herbert Earl . .*. I 514 

Nims, Marshall W 426 



Contents vii 

Page 
New Hampshire Necrology — Continued: 

Peck, Thomas Bellows . v : . . . 90 

Pecker, Col. Jonathan E . . 427 

Philbrick, Enoch Gerrish 514 

Porter, Burrill, Jr 31 

Prentiss, George W 123 

Proctor, Alexis . . - 396 

Rand, Thomas C 123 

Roberts, George M 31 

Roby, Gen. Harley B 396 

Rogers, Hon. George S 30 

Silver, Henry A '. 395 

Sinclair, Prof. John E _. . . 426 

Stearns, Hon. Ezra S 90 

Stone, Silas C . . . 315 

Stowell, Hon. George H . . 347 

Tinker, Hon. George F 347 

Upham, Robert B ' 90 

Vial!, Hon. Herbert B 427 

Weliman, Rev. Joshua W., D.D ? 459 

Wentworth, Gen. Marshall C ? 395 

Whipple, Capt. Paul . . 459 

Whiting, George O '. 395 

Woodbury, Hon. Urban A .-. ..... 315 

POETRY 

A Buttercup Idyl, by L. Adelaide Sherman , 344 

A New-Born Day, by L. J. H. Frost 314 

A Tattered Rose, by Charles H. Chesley : 494 

America, The Glorious, by Maude Gordon Roby 3 

Apple Bloom, by Thomas H. Stacy 293 

Bed-Time, by Frances M. Pray. ■ £10 

Books, by Delia Honey • ■ 84 

Concord, by Martha A. S. Baker 408 

Concord by the Merrimack, by Edna Dean Proctor ' 340 

Despair Not, by Harry B. Metcalf 424 

Ebb-Tide, by Georgiana A. Prescott 506 

E. G. E., by Stewart Everett Rowe 321 

Evening, by Katherine Winifred Bean \ • • • • 446 

Fate and Fortune, by Moses Gage Shirley , . . 401 

If I Had Known, by L. Adelaide Sherman ' 45$ 

In My Desert Home, by Mary Currier Rolofson 77 

It Might Have Been, by L. J. H. Frost "13 

Joeiah Prescott Rowe, by Stewart Everett Rowe 515 

Keaisarge, by Carl Burell ; , 102 

King Olaf Tryggvesson, by Fred Myron Colby 413 

Let Us Keep On, by Georgie Rogers Warren 388 

Looking Down the Valley, by Cyrus A. Stone 96 

Love, by Moses Gage Shirley. 511 

Love's Jesting, by L. Adelaide Sherman SS 

May Blossoms, by Amy J. DolloiT . - 315 

Memories, by Charles Clarke . 118 

Ode on Solitude, by H. Thompson Rich 29 



viii' *• Contents 

Fugs 

Ode on the Eternal, by H. Thompson Rich 500 

Only Good, by Hannah B. Merriam 453 

Paradise, by Maude Gordon Roby. 314 

Pussy-Willow, by Delia Honey : , 109 

Queerly Related, by Frank Monroe Beverly 511 

Sacred to the Memory, by Martha A. S. Baker 433 

Sleep, by Georgie Rogers Warren 7-1 

Sunset Hour— Great Bay, X. H., by Bertha B. P. Greene 403 

Sunset on the Connecticut, by Edith M. Child 346 

The Academy in Exeter, A Retrospect, by Charles Nevers Holmes 513 

The " Ant is," by Georgie Rogers Warren 418 

The Christmas Kiss, by Mary A. Dwyre 503 

The Country Schoolhouse, by Mrs. Theo Hasenjager 453 

The Dirge of the War, by E. M. Patter, '. 446 

The Dreamer, by Margaret E. Kendall 79 

The Dying Oak, by Charles Nevers Holmes 26 

The Eternal Lovers, by H. Thompson Rich 322 

The Flower of God, by David Alawen ' 436 

The Ghosts at Westminster, by Fred Myron Colby 307 

The Hall of Memory, by L. J. H. Frost 321 

The Inevitable, by Frank M. Beverly. 27 

The Journey, by William E. Da-vis 457 

The Passing of Summer, by H. Thompson Rich 448 

The Swhnming Pool, by Charles Nevers Holmes .../.., 414 

The Sylph of Summer, by Bela Chapin ■ 392 

"Thou Shalt Not Kill," by Stewart Everett Rowe 71 

Thoughts at Evening, by L. H. J. Forest 505 

Today, by Edward H. Richards 450 

To You, by Elizabeth Thomson Old way 418 

Trifles, by Hannah B. Merriam 392 

Waiting, by Frances W. Tewksbury 21 

Welcome Home, by Raymond H. Huse 388 

Within a Room, by Harold L. Ransom 387 



VOL. XLVH, No. 1 



JANUARY. 19 IS 



New Series* Vol. X, No. i 



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A New Haoipslilre Magazine 

Devoted to History, Biography, Literature and State Progress 






CONTENTS FOR JANUARY 



The Pierce Statue. With Frontispiece 



V*%? Rev. Aaron Kail . 



By Rev. Rodney W. Roundy. Illustrated. 

J^ §( "The Flag—Memorial Day Sermon" . . . . . 

££§$ By Rev. Willis P. Odeilj D. D. Illustrated. 

7?p Is Marriage a Failure? . . . . . . . 

J^g£ By Manila M. Ricker. 

yf£)) Consolation . . . 

*^St By George Wilson Jenning.-?. 

«^*^ Necrology . ... . . . '.. « . . . 

Editor and Publisher's Notes . . 

Poems 

•£^HJ By Maude Gordon Roby, L. J. H. Frost, Francis W. Tewksbury, Caarlea Nevers 

k—MBy Holmes, Frank M. Beverly, H. Tho: -pson Rich. 

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Issued by The Granite Monthly Company 

HENRY H. ME Newberry Library jan 16 ager 



TERMS: $1.00 per annum. In adyance; $1,50 if not paid in adyance. Single corks, is cents j 
CONCORD, N. H., 1915 

Entered at the post office at Concord as second-class nuiil matter. 







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THE PIERCE STATUE 



The Granite Monthly 



XLVII, No. 1 



JANUARY, 1915 



New Series, Vol. 10, No. 1 



THE PIERCE STATUE 



On the twenty-fifth day of Novem- 
ber last, forty-five years after the 
death of Franklin Pierce, lawyer, 
soldier, statesman, fourteenth Presi- 
dent of the United States, and the 
only son of New Hampshire to attain 
that exalted position, a statue of that 
distinguished servant of the people, 
erected in his honor by the state 
which gave him birth, was formally 
dedicated, the same having been 
provided for by act of the last legis- 
lature, and erected under the direction 
of the Governor and Council, who 
called a committee of citizens, con- 
sisting of Frank P. Carpenter, Clar- 
ence E. Carr, Edgar Aldrich, William 
E. Chandler and David E. Murphy 
into consultation and cooperation 
with them in planning and carrying 
out the work, which was designed and 
executed by Augustus Lukcman of 
New York, one of the best known 
American sculptors of the present day. 

For a generation at least the great 
mass of the people of the State had 
marvelled that no such tribute of 
Tespect had been paid the memory of 
this most brilliant son of the Granite 
State; but it had always happened 
that the legislature in which a move 
was made to secure action in that 
direction,^ had contained some bitter 
partisan who, by factious opposition 
and dilatory tactics was able to defeat 
the measure, until the last legislature, 
after brief deliberation, and without 
substantial opposition, passed a joint 
resolution appropriating $15,000 for 
the purpose, and the work was carried 
out as above stated. 

The statue is a massive bronze 
figure, standing on a pedestal of 
Concord Granite, five feet square, 
suitably inscribed and placed in the 



rear wall of a rectangular granite 
exedra, thirty-five feet by twelve with 
a floor of yellow, vitrified brick, which 
fronts on a line with the iron fence of 
the state house yard, a section of 
which, to the south of the Memorial 
Arch, was removed for its accommo- 
dation. It represents President 
Pierce in an easy and graceful stand- 
ing position, in civilian's dress, but 
with a military cloak over his shoul- 
ders. 

The likeness is pronounced excel- 
lent by those who remember the face 
and figure of the President. The 
inscriptions on the four sides of the 
pedestal, epitomizing the career of 
General Pierce, civil, military and 
professional, w^ere mainly suggested 



L oa v 

although 



ex- 



by Judge Aldrich, and, 
tended — as such a remarkable career 
necessitates, are most comprehensive. 
They are as follows: 

On the east side, or front — 

FRANKLIN PIERCE 

FOURTEENTH 

PRESIDENT 

of THE 

UNITED STATES 
On the north side — 

BORN AT HILLSBOROUGH, NEW HAMPSHIRE 

NOVEMBER 23, I804. 

A LAWYER WHO LOVED HIS PROFESSION 

AND WAS A GREAT LEADER IN IT 

MEMBER NEW HAMPSHIRE LEGISLATURE 

AT 25 AND SPEAKER AT 2 7 

CONGRESSMAN AT 2Q 

UNITED STATES SENATOR AT 32 AND 

RESIGNED AT ^7 

LATER IN LIFE DECLINED THE OFFICE 

OF ATTORNEY GENERAL OF THE UNTTED 

STATES, THAT OF SECRETARY OF WAR, 

THE UNITED STATES SENATORSHIP AND 

THE GOVERNORSHIP OF HIS STATE. 

PRESIDENT OF THE NEW HAMPSHIRE 

CONSTITUTIONAL CONVENTION 

PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES 

DIED AT CONCORD OCTOBER S, I 869. 



The Granite Monthly 



On t.Jie south side — 

BRIGADIER GENERAL U. S! A. 

PCKHLA 

CONTRERAS 

CHVKUBUSCO 

MOUNT) DEL REY 

CHAPULTEPF.C • 

COMMISSIONER APPOINTED BY GENERAL 

SCOTT TO ARRANGE AN ARMISTICE 

WITH GENERAL SANTA ANNA 

"HE WAS A GENTLEMAN AND A 

MAN OF COURAGE." 

ULYSSES S- GRANT 

On the west side, or rear — 

ERECTED BY THE 

STATE OF NEW HAMPSHIRE 

1914. 

By the programme, as arranged 
for the occasion, Hon. Clarence E. 
Carr of Andover acted as president of 
the day, Rev. George II. Reed, D. D., 
pastor of the North Congregational 
Church, of Concord, as Chaplain, 
and David E. Murphy of Concord as 
Marshal. lion. Oliver E. Branch of 
Manchester was selected as Orator of 
the day. The programme also in- 
cluded an introductory address by 
President Carr, following the Invoca- 
tion; and addresses by Mr. Frank P. 
Carpenter presenting the Statue to 
the State, His Excellency Governor 
Feiker, accepting the same, Judge 
Aldrich, ex-Senator Chandler, and 
William F. Whitcher of Woodsville, 
with music by Nevers' Third Regi- 
ment Band of Concord. 

At 11 o'clock, sharp, on the day 
appointed, a procession was formed in 
front of the Eagle Hotel, under the 
direction of the Marshal, and, headed 
by the band, and the officers and 
speakers of the day, marched to the 
open space in front of the monument, 
where the statue was unveiled by 
Miss Susan H. Pierce of Hillsborough, 
a grand-niece of President Pierce, who 
was formally presented by President 
Carr, who also paid a brief tribute, 
immediately after the unveiling, to 
the sculptor, Augustus Lukeman, who 
was detained by illness. The com- 
pany then proceeded to Representa- 
tives Hall in the State House, where, 
before an audience which filled the 



hall and gallery, the exercises were 
carried out as planned. 

The addresses were all admirable 
in sentiment and language, eminently 
worthy the occasion, but altogether 
too extended, on the whole, for re- 
production in these pages. The clos- 
ing address by William F. Whitcher of 
Woodsville, who had been the most 
earnest and eloquent advocate of the 
measure providing for the statue, 
in former legislatures, brief, com- 
prehensive and eminently to the 
point, is the onl}' one whose presen- 
tation our space permits, and is as 
follows : 

MR. WHITCHER'S ADDRESS " 
The memorial today dedicated is the well- 
considered tribute the state of New Hampshire 
pays to the honorable service, the lofty achieve- 
ments and the devoted patriotism of a dis- 
tinguished son. Xo feature of his life and 
character was more marked and prominent 
than such patriotism. Patriotism is a passion 
for country, and Franklin Pierce loved his 
country thus and gave it his best service, lie 
came of sturdy Revolutionary stock, and love 
of country, and devotion to its interests were 
his by inheritance. This love and devotion 
grew wiih his growth and ripened into fullness 
with his ripening years. 

I quote two characteristic utterances of 
his, made under circumstances which pre- 
clude all doubt of their thorough sincerity. 
On the solemn occasion of his inauguration as 
President of the United States he said: 

With the Union my best and dearest earthly 
hopes are entwined. . . . It's with me 
an earnest and vital belief that as the Union 
has been the source, under Providence, of our 
prosperity to this time, so it is the surest 
pledge of a continuance of the blessings we 
have enjoyed, and which we are sacredly 
bound to transmit undiminished to our 
children. 

Ten years later in the dark days of Civil 
War, when the fate of the Union yet hung. 
in the balance, in an address made on that 
memorable Fourth of July, 1 863, near where- 
lus statue now stands he said: 

I will not believe that the experiment of 
mail's capacity for self-government, which was 
so successfully illustrated until all the Revo- 
lutionary men had passed to their final reward 
is to prove a humiliating failure. Whatever 



America } the Glorious 



others may do, we will never abandon the hope 
*r:i> the Union is to bo restored; whatever 
others may do, we will --hug to it as the mar- 
h i r clings to the last plank when night and 
tempest close around him. 

With him Country and Union were one. 
The Union he ardently loved and devotedly 
served, was the Union formed by the Consti- 
tution, a Constitution he. regarded with rev- 
erence, and the terms of which he believed 
should be strictly construed. It was a 
Union of sovereign states. The Constitution 
gave certain broad and general powers, powers, 
however, clearly denned, to a Federal Govern- 
ment. All others, he firmly believed, were 
retained by the states. Thus his country's 
welfare depended upon a constant discrimina- 
tion between the separate rights and responsi- 
bilities of the states, and the common rights 
and obligations of the whole people under the 
general government. In a word, the country 
he loved and to which he gave his life devotion 
was "an indissoluble Union of indestructible 
states." From this conception of Country 
and Union he never swerved in word or deed 
during a career in which he was often mis- 
understood, often cruelly maligned. For his 



course and conduct he was calmly content to 
wait the judgment, of later generations. 

We have come upon a time when the idea 
of statehood is being obscured by a cloud of 
fantastic experiments under the name of a 
centralized "New Nationalism,' 7 but there 
are happily indications that the pendulum 
will yet swing towards a reasonable regard for 
a reasonable and constitutional statehood. 

Franklin Pierce had thirteen predecessors 
in his exalted office of President. His suc- 
cessors also number thirteen. He stands 
midway in a distinguished line. He may 
not have been the greatest in that line; his 
star may not shine the most resplendent; but 
in parity of purpose and of character, in un- 
swerving loyalty to conviction, in love of 
Country and Union, in steadfast devotion to 
the right, as God gave him to see the right, we 
may invite comparison with those who pre- 
ceded him, and with those who have followed. 

New Hampshire pays him honor today — 
belated perhaps, but all the more emphatic 
becatise belated. New Hampshire honors 
his memory, not impulsively or unthinkingly, 
but soberly, thoughtfully, reverently. In 
honoring him. she honors herself. 



AMEBICA* THE GLORIOUS 

By Maude Gordon Roby 

America, the glorious, we sing. 
As to thy faithful, loving heart we cling; 
Our hopes, our visions and our dreams we bring 
To thee, dear fatherland. 

Our swords unsheathed and mouldering with rust 
All useless lie; unheeded in the dust; 
For men are brothers here, and God our trust; 
Oh. blessed fatherland! 



While over all this peaceful country, high, 
A starry bit of bunting greets the sky. — 
Old Glory! may its colors ever fly 

For God and fatherland! 






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FIRST CONGREGATIONAL CHURCH, KEENE, N. H. 



REV. AARON HALL 

Pastor First Congregational Church of Keene, 1777-1814 

By Rev. Rodney IF. Roundy 



On October 17-19, 1913, the First 
Congregational Church of Keene, 
observed the one hundred and sev- 
enty-fifth anniversary of its founding. 
In the May preceding, a granite 
tablet was placed on the site of the 
first meeting-house, by the Ashuelot 
Chapter, Daughters of the American 
Revolution. The meeting-house was 
built 1736-1737, two years before 
the organization of the church. The 
church is now occupying the fourth 
meeting-house, the original part of 
which was dedicated in 1788. 

On October 18, 1914, a tablet, 
a cut of which appears on the follow- 
ing page, was dedicated in mem- 
ory of the Revolutionary pastor of 
the church, whose death occurred 
one hundred years ago. Joint gift 
of the surviving great grandchildren 
of Mr. Hall and the women of the 
Home Circle of the church, the tab- 
let was executed by J. and R. Lamb 
of New York City and is of antique 
brass with etched letters except for 
the raised letters of the name. It 
is placed at the right of the pulpit 
as a companion to the one on the 
left in memory of Rev. Zedekiah 
Smith Barstow, D.D. ; pastor of the 
church 1818-1868. 

Aaron Hall was the descendant of 
the Hall family of Connecticut, whose 
ancestry goes back to the earliest 
times of colonial history. The origi- 
nal John Hall, emigrant, was de- 
scended from the Halls, County of 
Kent, England. The first settler, John 
Hall, was born in 1584, spent forty 
years of his life in New England, 
dying at the age of eighty-nine. We 
read of him as in Boston in 1633, 
and in Cambridge and Roxbury 
afterward?. On September 4, 1633, 
John Hall accompanied John Old- 
ham to the Connecticut River. Thev 



reportcd back to the Bay towns of 
Massachusetts. January ~ 20, 1634, 
and the report of their investiga- 
tions on the Connecticut River led 
to the settlement from Dorchester, 
of Wethersfield and Windsor, Conn., 
and from Cambridge, of Hartford, 
Conn. John Hall removed his family 
to the Connecticut River in 1639, 
and in 1650 we find his family settled 
in the midst of the extensive lands 
owned by him in Middletcwm Conn. 
Aaron Hall was the sixth in de- 
scent from John, the emigrant, and 
was born in Cheshire, Conn..:, June 

27, 1751. He was graduated from 
Yale College in 1772. His diploma, 
signed by President Naphtali Dag- 
gett, is now in the possession of his 
great-granddaughter, Miss Alice Hall, 
a teacher of art, living in New York 
City. Professor Dexter in his Yale 
biographies, records the fact that 
"Aaron Hall studied Divinity with 
Rev. Mr. Foot for about nine months 
in 1772-73, and was chosen to 
preach by the New 7 Haven County 
Association of Ministers on Sept. 

28, 1773, being then a resident grad- 
uate of the college. 7 ' The Air. Foot 
referred to, is the Rev. John Foot, 
minister of Cheshire, and a graduate 
of Yale College in 1765. That Aaron 
Hall spent the next two years in 
study is evidenced by the fact that 
in 1775 he received the degree of 
A.M. from both Yale and Dartmouth. 

Griffin's ,: History of Keene" re- 
cords the fact that Rev. Clement 
Sumner, pastor of the Keene church 
for the years 1761-72, a native of 
the same Connecticut town as Mr. 
Hall, recommended him to the church, 
Mr. Hall preached in Keene as the 
twentieth candidate in the five or 
six unsettled years of the church's 
life, succeeding the dismission of 



The Granite Monthly 



Mr. Summer. He was called to the 
Keene pastorate at a church meet- 
ing held Decern! »er 2, 1777. Pre- 
vious to the formal call of the. church 
there stands written in the old rec- 
ord book, kept in the vaults of the 
Keene National Bank, — the first half 
of which is nearly all written in the 
handwriting of Aaron Hall — the ac- 
tion of the church at a meeting 



Wood.'' Following the cali of the 
church on December 8, 1777, in 
the town meeting, it was ''Voted un- 
animously to give Mr. Aaron Hall, 
who has been preaching amongst 
us, a Call to settle in the AVork of 
the Gospel Ministry in This Town." 
" Voted, to give Mr. Hall One 
Hundred Thirty -Three pounds Six 
Shillings and Eight Pence f or a Settle- 



T'BW'Orw^B 






, ;1 



I*££i*i .*«..■...■. 



Aaron Hall Memorial Tablet 



called November 1.2, 1777. The 
record is as follows: "The important 
matter of settling the Gospel was 
conversed upon in Brother! v love.'' 

1. "Voted, That Thursday the 
13 of November be appointed for 
the solemnities of a day of fasting, 
looking to the great head of the 
church for direction in making the 
choice of pastor. ' ? 

2. "Voted, To call unto our assist- 
ance the Revds. Mr. Farrow, Mr. 
Brigham, Mr. Goddard and Mr. 



ment, said sum to be made Equal 
in Value and made good as the Same 
Sum four years ago when silver 
and gold passed current among us." 
He was also voted eighty pounds 
per annum for his salary, and this 
money was to be made the equiva- 
lent of gold and silver. 

Maj. Timothy Ellis, Capt. Jere- 
miah Stiles, Lieut. Josiah Richard- 
son, Lieut. Daniel Kingsbury and 
Ichabod Fisher were the committee 
appointed to lay the proposition 



Rev. Aaron Nail Memorial 



before Mr. Hall, and to adjust the 
amount of his settlement and salary 

in paper money of the times. Mr, 
v tall accepted the united call of the 
church and settlement of the town 
in a long letter dated January 17, 
1778, 

His ordination and installation 
was held on Wednesday the eight- 
eenth day of February; 



j terfield, Walpole, Chariest own and 
Dublin. The public exercises suc- 
ceeding the decision of the council 
were as follows: Rev. Mr. Hibbert 
of Claremont had the opening prayer; 
Rev. Mr. Olcott of Charlestown 
preached the sermon; Rev. Mr. Brig- 
ham of Fitzwilliam offered the or- 
daining prayer: Rev. Mr. Fessendon 
of Walpole gave the charge; Rev. 



. - .....,, 



Rev. RoJney W. Roundy 

Pa.- tor First Congregational Church, Keene, ST. H. 



The church committee consisted 
of Mr. David Nims, Deacon Obadiah 
Blake, Mr. Simeon Clark, Mr. Ben- 
jamin Hall and Mr. Daniel Kings- 
bury. The churches of Windsor 
and Wallingford, Conn., were in- 
vited to be present by pastor and 
delegate, but the season of the year 
prevented their attendance. The 
other churches were those of New 
Ipswich, Fitzwilliam, Swanzey, Ches- 



Mr. Goddard of Swanzey extended 
the right hand of fellowship; Rev. 
Mr. Sprague of Dublin "closed the 
solemnity with prayer." Rev. Mr. 
Fessendon of Walpole acted as mod- 
erator, and Rev. Mr. Olcott of 
Charlestown as scribe. The mem- 
bers of the council were entertained 
at the tavern of Lieut. Josiah Rich- 
ardson on Pleasant Street now West 
Street. 



8 



The Granite Monthly 



lief ore Mr. Hall would accept 
(he call to the Keene church, the 
church voted to d 



ice 



pra< 

nan 

troversy. 

siastieal 

agitated 
England 



of the "t 
Next to the 
there has 
question w 
the life of 
churches 



away with the 
alf-Way Cove- 
Unitarian con- 
eccle- 



been no 
Inch has more 
our early New 
than this '''half- 
way practice." The matter was 
happily adjusted in the Keene church 
by the vote of the church and by 
receiving into full membership a 
dozen people who had previously 
stood in the "half-way relationship.'' 
Mr. Hall had evidently come into 
full sympathy with Joseph Bel- 
lamy's position regarding the "half- 
way covenant." Bellamy was a 
native of the same town as Mr. Hall, 
but spent his life in the pastorate 
at Bethlehem, Conn. I have been 
unable to establish the fact that Mr, 
Hall was one of the sixty students 
whom Joseph Bellamy prepared for 
the ministry in Bethlehem, though 
it is quite possible he may have 
been one of that number in the 
interval between his graduation from 
college and his coming to Keene in 
the summer of 1777. While he was 
still a college student, he must 
certainly have come under the in- 
fluence of Bellamy's position on the 
"Half-way Covenant" for Bellamy's 
pamphlets against this practice were 
published in New Haven, Conn., 
during 1769-70, and were circulated 
during the years of Mr. Hall's col- 
lege course. 

So far as Keene was concerned, 
Aaron Hall was the town minister 
par-excdlcjice. Resource to the cen- 
sus tables informs us that, during 
all the days of his ministry, Ches- 
terfield, Westmoreland and Wal- 
pole had more inhabitants than 
Keene. During his life there were 
times when to this lisi there must 
be added Alstead, Dublin, Rich- 
mond and Winchester. It was not 
until the census of J 830 that Keene 
obtained the distinction which she 
has since maintained, of bein<r the 



largest Cheshire County town. 
Nevertheless, in his writings about 
New England, as the result) of a 
horseback tour a little more than 
a century ago, President Dwight 
of Yale College "pronounced Keene 
one of the pleasantest inland towns 
he had seen." 

As a townsman Mr. Hall was both 
agriculturalist and clergyman. In 
the year 1 782, the year of his marriage 
to Sarah Baker, the record of deeds 
tells us that he purchased for forty 
pounds something over an acre of land 
on Pleasant, now West Street. This 
purchase was made of Josiah Rich- 
ardson, tavern keeper, who owned 
the land roundabout, even the lot 
on which the original part of the 
meeting-house was built, now the 
site of the Soldiers' Monument and 
Common. The site of his purchase 
was that of the present Thayer Li- 
brary. According to tradition, during 
his early days in Keene he lived in 
the old Cooke house, at least be- 
fore he was married, perhaps for a 
short time afterwards. On the land 
of his purchase he built his home. 
His descendants record the fact that 
the foundations were laid and the 
roof raised at his direction, on Fri- 
day. Thus he placed himself in 
opposition to the superstition that 
by such action his house would 
be burned down. That he was on the 
side of Providence in such a course 
is decisively settled by a visit to 
63 Castle Street where now may 
be seen the main part of the struc- 
ture moved to its present location 
at the time of construction of the 
present Thayer Library building. 
Only the ell part was torn down at 
the time of removal. The record 
of deeds indicates three other pur- 
chases of land "in the middle part 
of the town" by "Aaron Hall, Clerk." 
These purchases were evidently for 
tillage and pasturage and aggre- 
gated nearly forty acres. It is a 
"matter of interest that Judge New- 
comb introduced the first chaise 
to Keene and that afterwards the 



Re\ Aaron Hall Memorial 



9 



minister followed the example of 
the judge. 

Mr. Hall was a worthy citizen. 
His election to membership in the 
state convention adopting the na- 
tional Constitution was evidence 
of that fact. The address pub- 
lished with this article reveals the 
kind of citizenship that accorded 
with the principles of his life. His 
recognized place on public occasions 
found good example in the Fourth 
of July celebration in 1S04. On 
that day two companies of militia 
under the commands of Captains 
Chase and Met calf escorted a pro- 
cession to the meeting-house, where 
Mr. Hall had his part in offering the 
prayer, the Declaration of Inde- 
pendence was read by Noah Cooke, 
Esq., and the oration was delivered 
by young Phineas Cooke, the school- 
master. He made the prayer on 
the solemn occasion of this town's 
mourning the death of George Wash- 
ington on February 22, 1800. 

The Yale biographies, previously 
referred to, state the fact that on 
June 2, 1803, Rev. Aaron Hall 
preached a sermon from Chron- 
icles 19:6, at Conrord, before His 
Excellency the Governor, the Flon- 
orable Council, Senate and House 
of Representatives of the State of 
New Hampshire. This sermon was 
published the same year and styled. 
in request for publication, "A Can- 
did and Patriotic Discourse." 

Mr. Hall was a good citizen, in 
that he helped light the candles of 
learning in this place. The first 
library of Keene, called "the social 
library" was kept in his house and 
he was librarian. The Thayer li- 
brary is not the first library on the 
present site. 

Public affairs were often strained 
during his ministry. In the earlier 
years the matters of sending soldiers 
to the war, and of paying them out 
of town resources, were constantly 
coming up at town meetings. The 
town now and then had a meeting 
to express itself on matters of state 



and national welfare. Whether law 
and order should prevail in this 
community and surrounding com- 
munities was a question often at the 
front. More than once, also, it ap- 
pears that mobs of men would pre- 
vent the administration of justice. 
In 1779 

''Upon the thirty-first of May, 
Appeared in Keene, at break of day, 
A mob, both bold and stout." 

Bodies of men would meet each other 
on the country road to see which 
should have the custody of the cannon 
that traveled back and forth from 
Westmoreland to Walpole, and even 
sometimes across the Connecticut 
River to Westminster. What would 
be done with the Tories was an agi- 
tating question when the war was 
over. Should they have any rights of 
property they had acquired before 
the war was fought? Should New 
Hampshire adopt the national Con- 
stitution? What attitude should Keene 
take toward it? Fear lest this state 
should fail to vote for its adoption 
led to adjournment from Exeter 
to Concord, and the final vote had 
only the majority of ten in its 
favor. Then there were the trying- 
questions of Keene's attitude to- 
ward the towns up and down the 
Connecticut River, growing out of 
the controversy concerning the New 
Hampshire' Grants. In all these 
relations we may believe Air. Hail 
had his continuous, quiet, manful 
influence, that ever extended in the 
direction of reasonable settlement 
of trying difficulties. It is testified 
that "the whole bent of his nature 
as well as his Christian principles 
were against all tomfoolery that 
meant civil disorder. 

The influence of a man's citizen- 
ship — and of Mr. Hall this is quite 
true — extends beyond the years of 
his life. His children and his chil- 
dren's children in the life of this 
town and elsewhere rise up to pro- 
nounce good the power of his civic 
influence. 



10 



The Granite Monthly 



In 1782, Mr. Hall married Sarah, 
daughter of Thomas Baker, Esq., 
of Keene. Thomas Baker had moved 
to Keene from Topsfield, Mass. In 
1700 and built his house on the old 
Boston Road — what is now Baker 
Street. Some of his descend ants 
remain as members of the First 
Church of Keene to this day. 

The children of Mr. and Mrs. 
Hall were Sally, born in 1783, who 
married Elijah Parker; Aaron, Jr., 
born 1789, who with his name joined 
to that of his cousin Timothy, stood 
for the kindly interests of the best 
form of merchant life, as it came 
to be known throughout this county 
and beyond, under the firm name of 
A. and T. Hall. Aaron Hall, Jr., 
was a man distinguished in this 
community for the breadth of his 
learning and the wealth of his citi- 
zenship. His daughter Julia . Hail 
"was counted a cultivated woman, 
distinguished as a teacher, and died 
in Keene at an advanced age." 
She lived in the home built by her 
grandfather, and occupied by her 
father after the older man's decease. 

Two other children of Aaron Hall 
were David, bom in 1786, and 
Nabby, born in 1788. These two 
both died in 1790. The first Mrs. 
Hall died October 16, 178S, and two 
3'ears later Mr. Hall married Han- 
nah Hitchcock of Cheshire, Conn. 
There were two daughters of whom 
she was the mother, Hannah, born in 
1791, who married James Haslam of 
New Ipswich, August 16, 1814, and 
Nabby Ann, born 1793, and died in 
Keene, October 20, 1833. Mrs. Hall 
survived her husband by six years and 
died in Keene, September 6, 1820. 

A grandson of Aaron Hall was 
Dr. Edward Hall of Auburn, X. Y. 
Concerning him Dr. J. Whitney Bars- 
tow of New York City says: "He was 
a physician of excellent reports and 
much practice in the city of Auburn. 
He married Harriet Robinson, a 
daughter of Rev. Dr. Israel Robin- 
son, pastor for a half century of 
the church in Stoddard and known 
in his day as one of the first Hebrew 



scholars in New England." Miss 
Alice Hall the last remaining one 
of the Hall name, is the daughter 
of this Auburn physician. 

The last marriage performed b} r 
Rev. Aaron Hall was that of his own 
daughter Sally to Elijah Parker 
a few weeks before the minister's 
death. She is lovingly remembered 
as a faithful Sunday School teacher. 
Dr. J. Whitney Barstow says of her, 
'''She was the mother of a large 
family of sons and one daughter. All 
were prominent in professional and 
social life." The daughter Mary 
Morse was the wife of Joel Parker, 
Chief Justice of New Hampshire, 
and afterward professor in Harvard 
University. 

The daughter of Judge Joel Parker 
is Mrs. Gertrude Parker Sheffield, 
of Cambridge, Mass., who has been 
very actively interested in the plac- 
ing of this tablet in the memory of 
her great grandfather. 

A great-grandson of Rev. Aaron 
Hall and grandson of Mr. Elijah 
Parker is Horatio Parker, the present 
distinguished composer and professor 
of music in Yale University. Pie 
was the son of Charles Edward 
Parker an architect in Boston, who 
designed St. James Church, City 
Hall, and several residences in the 
city of Keene. Horatio, another 
son of Elijah Parker and Sally 
Hall, was an eminent lawyer in Boston. 
The oldest son, David Hall Parker, 
was born in 1815. The three sur- 
viving daughters, Sally Elizabeth 
Parker, Mrs. Mary Parker Wood and 
Julia Ann Hall Parker, live in Passaic, 
New Jersev. 



AN ORATION 

Delivered at the request of the Inhabitants of Keene' 
June 30, 17sS, to Celebrate the Ratification of the Fed- 
eral Constitution by the State of New Hampshire, by 
Aaron Hall, M. A., Member of the late State Constitu- 
tional Convention. 

The great, the important object for which 
the collected wisdom of America was sum- 
moned together, is at length accomplished. 

My Fellow -Citizens and Countrymen: 
I congratulate you on the glorious event 



Rev. Aaron Hall Memorial 



11 



which Hca\en has been pleased to pro- 
duce in our favor- and while we would do 
honor to the labors of a Washington, a 

Franklin, a Johnson, a Livingston, a Morns, 
& Eatledge, a Piekney, and other political 
fathers of our country, who dared to step 
forth in the greatest dangers to defend 
American Liberty; let us not forget our 
gratitude to the King of Nations and Lord 
of Hosts. 

Impressed with the keenest sensibility 
on this joyous occasion, I will hazard a few 
thoughts on the gieat subject of our Fed- 
eral Government. When we consider the 
greatness of the prize we contended for. the 
doubtful nature of the contest in the war, 
the favorable manner in which it has ter- 
minated, together with the establishment 
of a permanent energetic government, per- 
fectly consistent with the true liberties of 
the people, — and this obtained in a time of 
peace, a thing not paralleled in history. 
I repeat it, when we consider these things, 
we shall find the greatest possible reason 
for gratitude and rejoicing. This is a theme 
that will afford the greatest delight to every 
benevolent mind, whether the event in con- 
templation be viewed as the source of pres- 
ent enjoyment, or the parent of future 
happiness. 

Till this period, the revolution in America, 
has never appeared to me to be completed; 
but this is laying on the cap-stone of the 
great American Empire; and, in my opinion 
we have occasion to felicitate ourselves on 
the lot which Providence has assigned us, 
whether we view it in a natural, political, 
or moral point of light. 

The frame of government now adopted 
for the United States of America, gives her 
citizens rank, if not superiority among the 
nations of the earth, and it has the advan- 
tage of being concerted, when the rights of 
mankind are better known and more clearly 
understood, than in any former age of the 
world. This constitution of government 
contains the treasures of knowledge, ob- 
tained by the labors of philosophers, sages, 
and legislators, through a long succession 
of rolling years, so that we have the col- 
lected wisdom of ages interwoven in this 
form of government. 

The three branches are created and made 
by the original independent sovereignty 



of the people, and are so balanced as to be 
a check upon each ether; and after two, 
four, and six years, each branch are to re- 
turn into the bosom of their country, to 
give an account •"for the deeds done in the 
body whether they have been good or evil." 
It has a most friendly aspect en literature, 
and opens her arms wide to extend and en- 
courage commerce — lays a fair foundation 
for the free cultivation of our lands, and io 
alleviate the farmer, whose hands have long 
been relaxed by reason of too heavy taxa- 
tion— -is wisely calculated to pj-omote the 
progressive refinement of manners — the grow- 
ing liberality of sentiment— and above all, 
the pure and benign light of revelation, and 
have free course and be glorified in the 
blessings of society. If therefore the citizens 
of America should not be completely free 
and happy, the fault will be intirely their 
own, so long as they may choose wise and 
good men to act at helm. 

The pre-ent crisis, my fellow-citizens, is so 
important, that silence would be a crime. — 
Shall Britain (especially all her sons of free 
and liberal minds), while .she envies our 
rising glory, approbate this system of gov- 
ernment? Shall France, shall Holland, and 
all Europe, applaud the wisdom of our con- 
stitution, and we inattentive be to our pri- 
vate, domestic, and national enjoyments; 
while Heaven had crowned all our blessings, 
by giving us a fairer opportunity for politi- 
cal happiness, than any other nation has 
ever been indulged with? 

Perhaps some may think I am too san- 
guine in my prospects. I grant it is yet to 
be decided, whether this constitution will 
ultimately prove a blessing or a curse — 
not to the present generation alone, for with 
our fate, probably will the destiny of unborn 
millions be involved. 1 know that the wisest 
of Constitutions, and even that from Heaven 
itself, has been, and may again be perverted 
by venal and designing men; and on this 
account, I am not displeased that the Con- 
sitution has been objected to, and care- 
fully scrutinized by the jealous, yet honest 
intentions of many of our worthy citizens; 
as these things will be before Congress, as 
a check upon them not to invade the liber- 
tics of the people. But I will venture to 
say, with confidence too, that we shall be 
happy and nourish a.- a Nation and Empire, 



12 



The Granite Monthly 



ii the following sentiments, suggested by the 

great Washington; take place and prevail; — 

•'1st. An indissoluble union of the States, 
under one Federal head. 

''2nd. A sacred regard to public justice. 

'•'3rd. The adoption of a proper peace 
establishment (meaning a well disciplined 
militia). 

"4th. The prevalence of the pacific and 
friendly dispositions among the People of the 
United States, which will induce them to 
forget their local prejudices and policies, 
and make those mutual concessions which 
are requisite to the general prosperity; and 
in some instances, to sacrifice their individ- 
ual advantages to the interest of the com- 
munity." 

These, my Countrymen, are the great pillars 
on which the glorious building of our Con- 
stitution depends— on which our national 
character and prosperity must be supported — 
liberty, that life of man, is the basis. Who- 
ever therefore would attempt to overthrow 
this foundation, under whatever specious 
pretext, will merit the bitterest execration 
and severest punishment his injured country 
can inflict. However, the cup of blessing, 
in a political sense, is put into our hands, 
and happiness is ours, if we will make it 
so, from the overturns of Divine Pro\idence; 
yet how much depends upon our conduct, I 
repeat it, how much depends upon oar con- 
duct, whether we will be respectable and 
prosperous, or contemptible and miserable 
as a Nation. The best things in this im- 
perfect state are liable to be perverted to 
the worst of purposes. 

• This is a very critical moment with America; 
the eyes of Europe, and the world, are upon 
us; and it is a time of political probation 
-with every free citizen. It is certain, that the 
best Constitution, and the best Rulers, will 
avail nothing to the happiness of a people, 
without good, industrious and loyal sub- 
jects. 

It is a most important day, with America; 
in my opinion as much so as it was hi any 
period of the war; and of the last moment, 
as to our National character, for all to sub- 
scribe to our Federal Government; and 
though all cannot think alike, which is not 
to be expected, any more than it is that we 
should all look alike; yet it becomes us to 
unite in the common cause as a band of 



brothers, since we are all embarked together 
for ourselves and our posterity; and not- 
withstanding there are some who cannot re- 
joice to so high a degree, at present, on the 
ratification of the Federal Government, yet 
I presume to say, that their living under it 
a short time, will give them to realize the 
felicity that others anticipate. 

Who would be willing that this should 
be the ill-fated moment for relaxing the 
powers of the Union, and exposing us to 
become the sport of European politics, and 
to be made dupes to serve their interested 
purposes? Our Union, alone, must give us 
dignity, power and credit abroad; wealth, 
honor, and felicity at home; and without 
this, it must be extremely disagreeable to 
reflect that so much blood and treasure have 
been encountered without compensation; 
and that so many sacrifices have been made 
in vain. It is a given point on ail hands, I 
believe, that the State of New Hampshire, 
from its local situation, will be more bene- 
fited than any in the Union. Who then 
from a moment's reflection, could be willing 
that we should exclude ourselves from the 
Union, and sink into the ruins of liberty, 
abused to licentiousness? 

From a serious contemplation of the 
above, with other weighty objects, I have 
been decidedly in favor of the constitu- 
tion, and have endeavored to reflect honor 
upon those who placed me in a situation 
to act a part in this grand affair; and who is 
there, my fellow-citizens, but must have 
sincere intentions for the happiness of that 
country where he is born, and where he 
expects to die, and leases the fruit of his 
labors to his tender offspring? 

While our hearts glow with joy and grati- 
tude, to the great parent of present and 
future happiness, on this signal occasion, 
that he has been in the counsels of the great, 
and made them so unanimous in sentiment 
(which to me, all circumstances considered, 
is one of the greatest events America ever 
experienced). 

I say while we recognize these things with 
grateful souls, let us close with the earnest 
prayer of General Washington, in his cir- 
cular letter; — i; That God would have the 
States over which he presides, in his holy 
protection — that he would incline the hearts 
of the citizens to cultivate a spirit of subor- 



- Rev. Aaron Hall Memorial 13 

v 

^nation and obedience to government — to. demean ourselves with that clarity, humility, 

Entertain a brother!}" affection and love for and pacific temper of mind, which were the 

one another of their fellow-citizens of the characteristics of the divine author of our 

United States at targe— And finally that he blessed religion; and without a humble imita- 

would most graciously be pleased to dispose tion of whose example in these things, we can 

us all to do justice/ to love mercv and to never hope to be a happy Nation." 

I " • 



IT MIGHT HAVE BEEN 

By L, J. H. Frost 

It might have been, ah!- yes; if He had willed it, 
Who uoticeth the sparrows when they fall; 

It might have been, had we rot met that sorrow 
Which lies in wait for all. 

It might have been, if shadows had not gathered 
While sunshine on our path was freely shed; 

If hopes we cherished had but found fruition, 
Instead of dying, leaving words unsaid. 

It might have been. Leave those sad words unspoken — 
Those " saddest words from tongue or pen"; 

Were human heart-strings never broken 

Mortals would miss the patience that is born of pain. 

It might have been, yet, would it have been better 

If flowers had bloomed where thorns and thistles grow? 

In vain we ask our hearts the question 
This side eternity we cannot know. 

It might have been; ah! well, we will not murmur, 
The darkest night awaits a brighter morn; 

We will not weep; but bid our hearts be patient 
And bear life's burdens with a smile and song. 

It might. .have been, 'tis true; but we will trust Him 
Who leads us in the ways our feet have trod; 

He will not chasten us forever, 

And though He slav us. let us trust in God. 



H 






•■■., 



REV. WILLIS P. ODELL, D.I). 



b 



-THE FLAG-MEMORIAL DAY SERMON" 

By Rev. Willis P. Odcll, D.D* 

[Delivered on Sunday, May 24, in St. Mark's Church, Brookline, Mass., before Gettysburg Post G. A. R., of 
Boston, snd C. L. Chandler Post of Brookhne.j 



"Thou hast given a banner to them 
that fear thee/'* — Vs. 60:4. 

;i Here comes The Flag! 
Hail it! 

Who dares to drag 
Or trail it? 
Give it hurrahs, — 
Three for the stars. 
Three for the bars. 
Uncover your head to it! 
The soldiers who tread to it 
Shout at the sight of it, 
The justice and right of it, 
The unsullied white of it, 
The blue and the red of it. 
And tyranny's dread of it ! 
Here comes The Flag!*' 

There is spur and challenge in these 
martial lines. They quicken • pulse- 
beats and stir the patriotic heart to 
high resolve. Most appropriately ma y 
I use them to introduce my theme. I 
am to speak to you this morning about 
the Flag — our Flag — the Flag of our 
country — the Stars and Stripes of the 
American Republic — the Flag weall so 
ardently love and which in our enthus- 
iasm we fondly call, "Old Glory." 



I frankly confess to you that my 

purpose in selecting such a subject 
for this occasion is to stimulate zeal 
for the Flag and for all it represents. 
I would have you hail it, give hurrahs 
for it and in its presence kindle anew 
the fires of loyalty. As a part of our 
religion we give this day to the cul- 
tivation of patriotism. 

In the closing chapter of that 
fascinating volume, entitled, ''The 
Making of an American," Mr. Jacob 
Riis, the author, describes in vivid 
fashion the emotions which swept 
through his soul as one day, from a 
sickbed by the shore of the North 
Sea, he caught sight of the American 
Flag, flying at the mast-head of a 
passing ship. He had been ill a long 
time, far away from his family, in a 
land which in boyhood had been his 
home, but which he had early left to 
make his fortune in the new world. 
His sickness had worn upon him till 
he had become depressed and sore at 
heart. Suddenly, as he gazed moodily 



"This address or serine n, by a distinguished clergyman and native son of New Hampshire, 
was to have been published in the Granite Monthly in June last; but the publication has 
been delayed by press of other matter. It is good for the present, or at any other time. 



Willis P. Odell was born in Lake Village, in what is now ward 6 of Laccnia, en December 
14, 1855. His father, Joseph L. Odell, was for years the local druggist and later became asso- 
ciate justice of the Laccnia Police Court. At fourteen years of age the son went to Tilton as 
a student in the Seminary, whence he graduated in 1S74. In 1SS0 he received the degree of 
A. B. from Boston University and immediately began the study of theology in preparation 
for the ministry. He joined the New England Methodist Episcopal Conference in 1882 and 
went to Cliftondale, Mass., for his first charge. Along with his pastoral work he continued 
post-graduate studies at the University, and in due time received from his Alma Mater the 
degrees of A. M. and Ph. D. Allegheny College gave him the honorary degree of D. D. in 
1895. In 1883 he was assigned to Salem, Mass., and in 1886 went to Maiden, Mass. His 
next two appointments were in Buffalo, N. Y., where he remained eight years. In 1898 he- 
was sent to Calvary Methodist Episcopal Church in New York City, which is the largest 
Methodist Church in the country. During his pastorate of six years at this important station 
he raised over §240,000 and received over 1,000 persons into membership. His next charge 
was the Germantown First Church, in Philadelphia. He came to his present work at St. 
Mark's, Brookline. Mass., four years ago. This church is often called the Cathedral of Boston 
Methodism. It is the finest of the denomination in this region. His first wife was Miss Mary 
F. French of Sandown. After her decease he married Miss Eva J. Beede of Meredith, who is 
well known to the readers of the Granite Monthly. She still continues to be his helper in 
every good work. 



16 



The Granite Monthly 



through the open window out upon 
the sea, a great vessel sailed majesti- 
cally by, close in shore, with the Ameri- 
can Flag blown nut to the breeze, till 
every star and bar shone bright and 
clear. Gone on the instant, he said, 
were discouragement and gloom. 
Forgotten were weakness and suffer- 
ing, the cautions of doctor and nurse. 
Fie sat up in bed and shouted and 
laughed and cried by turns, waving 
his handkerchief to the Flag. The 
people about him thought he had lost 
liis head. But no, he said. He had 
not lost his head. He had found it 
and his heart, too, and he knew then 
that he had become an American in 
truth. And he thanked God, and 
"like unto the man sick of the palsy, 
arose from his bed and went home 
healed.'* 

The martial poem and the experi- 
ence of Jacoh Riis go hand in hand. 
The Flag is an inspiration, ah invig- 
oration, a quickener of life. For 
many years it has been casting a 
mighty spell over increasing multi- 
tudes. Cheers and tears and quench- 
less ardor have come because of it. 
It has. set the blood coursing swiftly 
through the brain and heart of millions 
and led the way to many valiant 
deeds. 

But why such potent influence? 
AYhat secret explains its extraordinary 
power? The Flag! It is a bit of 
bunting, a flash of color, a picturesque 
decoration, looking well at mast-heads 
and above assemblies, but still simply 
a product of the weaver's art. In- 
deed, is that all? By no means. 
The Flag is a symbol, an emblem, an 
ensign. . It has a history behind it. 
It is a recognized representative of 
sturdy facts. It is a pledge of things 
to come. Before it there is a future. 
Men yet unborn are to carry it as 
those long dead have marched be- 
neath it. It is an embodiment of 
purpose, a revelation and a prophecy. 

That we may appreciate the better 
the Flag we today salute, let me 
briefly set before you some important 
considerations. 



I. In the first place this Flag re- 
minds us of a glorious history. It 
was born in a mighty struggle for 
human rights. That was an epochal 
hour in the life of the world when the 
American Colonies arose against in- 
justice and tyranny. The Declara- 
tion of Independence marked the 
beginning of a very brave enterprise 
of human courage. It was a challenge 
to what was at that hour the greatest 
power on earth. The men who signed 
it had no adequate resources for war. 
They pitted themselves against a 
nation fully equipped in experience and 
arms and wealth for great military 
operations. But with a sublime con- 
fidence in the justice of their cause 
they dared to make the fight. The 
Flag was evolved to stand as the 
symbol of their lofty purposes. At 
Saratoga and Monmouth, at the Cow- 
pens and at Yorktown, the patriot 
host wrought with such soldierly 
effectiveness as to conquer an honor- 
• able peace and win for their new 
Republic an established place among 
the nations of the earth. 

The fiery baptism to which the 
Flag was subjected in 1812 brought 
further glory to its defenders. Perry 
and Hull and Biddie sailed the high 
seas with their colors nailed to the 
mast-head and by their valorous 
deeds compelled a recognition of 
American Naval power. In six 
months' time they and their asso- 
ciates took into port 300 English 
merchantmen with 3,000 prisoners 
of war. Out of the smoke of a vic- 
torious battle on Lake Erie the 
memorable report, which long thrilled 
the nation's heart, was sent to Wash- 
ington, "We have met the enemy 
and they are ours." It was during 
this period that Francis Scott Key, a 
prisoner for the moment on an English 
vessel in Chesapeake Bay, wrote the 
lines which were quickly caught up 
to become a National Anthem. In 
spite of all the enemy could do, Fort 
McHenry remained untaken, the Flag 
was "still there" when the fierce 
cannonade ceased, and the victory 



lite Flag—Memorial Day Sermon 



17 



iiispired the patriot author to proph- 
esy. 

fc, when our cause it 



Then conquer we 
just, 



.!!•! t 



I t! 



isb 



And 



to, 'In God is our trust. 
:Ied Banner, in triumph 



>e our mi 
he Star Span 
shall wave 
I >Vr the land of the free and the home of 
the brave." 

The American soldier fully main- 
tained his reputation in the War with 
Mexico.' If the authorities at Wash- 
ington did not reveal a high order of 
statesmanship in precipitating the 
conflict , the men at the front gave a 
good account of themselves as cham- 
pions of the flag. Sent on an errand 
of conquest, they did their work well. 
Monterey and Buena Vista saw 
courage unsurpassed, and at Molino 
del Key and at Churubusco the 
American army rendered splendid 
service. General Grant, in his Me- 
moirs, said that after nearly forty 
years, in looking back upon the cam- 
paigns there, it appeared to him that 
the generalship was well nigh perfect 
and that the conduct of the troops 
was all that could have been desired. 

The Civil War put a supreme test 
upon loyalty. Those were dreadful 
days which followed the attack on 
Sumter. Major Anderson was forced 
to pull down his flag. Was the 
defeat final and the Union to be de- 
stroyed? An embattled host of heroes 
poured forth from every .walk in life 
to defend the national standard. By 
the blood\- sacrifices they made at 
Shiloh, Vicksburg, Gettysburg, Mis- 
sionary Ridge, Cold Harbor and 
Petersburg they proved their devo- 
tion to native land and won for 
themselves enduring honors. 

Fresh in mind, as but of yesterday, 
are the battles of Manila Bay, San- 
tiago and San Juan Hill. As Admiral 
Schley said, there was glory enough 
to go all around. 

^ Oh, it is a glorious Flag, with a 
history behind it of which every 
patriot may welt be proud, a Flag 
made resplendent by the immorta 



second place extraordinary present 
conditions. It float s today over a 
vast territory which Mr. Gladstone 
one time, very truthfully, said, pro- 
vides "the natural base for the great- 
est continuous empire ever established 
by man. ' ' The forefathers, who came 
to Massachusetts Bay, gave it as their 
opinion that population was never 
likely to be very dense beyond New- 
ton. The founders of Lynn, after 
exploring the land west of them for 
about fifteen miles, declared it their 
conviction that people would never 
find it worth while to settle any 
further in that direction. For many 
years there was no adequate appre- 
ciation of the possibilities in the in- 
terior of the country and only the 
vaguest notion of what existed in 
the transmissouri region. But now 
our continental area in the forty-eight 
states is 2.970,000 square miles, giving 
us a territory eighteen times as large 
as Spain, thirty-one times as large as 
Italy, and sixty-one times as large as 
England and Wales. And when to 
this is added the 600,000 square miles 
of Alaska and the 125,000 more of 
Porto Rico, Hawaii, Guam, Panama, 
and the Philippines, it is apparent 
that in physical proportions we have 
become indeed a mighty nation. 

On this broad expanse an immense 
population has now been gathered. 
When the fathers cut loose from 
England they numbered only three 
millions. Today in New York City 
alone five million persons dwell. 
Beyond the wildest dreams of the 
most sanguine founders of the Re- 
public has been the growth of the 
nation. Our present continental pop- 
ulation is one hundred millions, while 
ten millions more reside in the islands 
under our sway. Spain has a popu- 
lation of eighteen millions, Italy 
thirty-two millions, France thirty- 
nine millions, Great Britain forty-five 
millions, Germany sixty millions. We 
have one hundred and ten millions. 



1 Of all the western nations it thus 
appears, we have become numerically 
II. This Fiag represents in the far and away the largest. 



deeds of many noble men. 



IS 



the Granite Monthly 



Along with these conditions our 
wealth has outrun all anticipation.-?. 
When Thomas B. Reed was Speaker 
of the National House of Represen- 
tatives the annual governmental ap- 
propriations for the first time reached 
one billion dollars. Some adverse 
criticism was aroused at the expendi- 
ture of such an enormous sum. Mr. 
Reed replied that this was "a billion 
dollar country.'' He was correct. 
It is a billion dollar country and then 
some more. No nation, ancient or 
modern, can be put alongside our own 
in accumulated possessions. 

When we come to undeveloped 
treasures anything like a truthful 
statement seems like a Munchausen 
yarn. During the Civil War Bishop 
Simpson delivered a lecture in Wash- 
ington, D. C, on the wonderful re- 
sources of the American people. It 
was a brilliant effort and elicited 
tremendous applause. Lincoln was 
present and listened with eager at- 
tention. At the close he highly 
complimented the speaker but ven- 
tured one suggestion. He said, 
"Bishop, you did not strike the ile.' 7 
Simpson was quick to see the point. 
"True^ Mr. President, I did omit oil 
but I will not do so again.'" The 
next time he delivered that lecture 
the value of the oil fields, just coming 
to attention, was eloquently pre- 
sented. But neither Lincoln nor 
Simpson had any adequate vision of 
a Rockefeller fortune or the amazing 
future of oil production. xVnd then 
who dreamed of the riches in Alaska? 
The territory was not purchased until 
hS67. Seven million two hundred 
thousand dollars'* were paid for it. 
Already it has brought to our people 
$500,000,000 in mines, fisheries and 
furs, and we are only approaching 
the beginning of its development. 
The value of the coal stored away 
beneath its hills and mountains has 
not till recently commenced to dawn 
upon our officials. 

The possibilities in irrigation and 
the reclamation of unused lands in 
all the states and territories is another 



•matter still in its infancy. It appears 
that it is altogether feasible for the 
United States of America to support 
a thousand million people, who shall 
be rich and happy in an abundant 
material civilization. 

And over all this Old Glory floats 
as the representative of national 
greatness. There is but one banner 
today recognized in all this wide 
stretch of land by this vast aggrega- 
tion of human beings, and that is the 
Flag we honor here this hour. 

III. In the third place this flag 
stands for high ideals. The Declara- 
tion of Independence took lofty 
ground. It insisted that all men had 
an inherent right to "life, liberty and 
the pursuit of happiness." Its vig- 
orous arraignment of tyranny and its 
stalwart defence of freedom marked 
a splendid advance in national spirit 
and purpose. The Flag went forward 
as a pioneer in the realm of popular 
government. It stood from the first 
for the fundamental proposition that 
a just administration of civil affairs 
can rest only on the consent of the 
governed and that taxation without 
representation must be resisted to the 
last. Proudly through all its history 
has the flag championed these ideals. 

The Emancipation Proclamation 
reached a similarly lofty plane. Its 
defence of the rights of man was like- 
wise virile. It lifted the conflict 
with the South out of all sordidness 
and gave to it an ethical form which 
put the North absolutely on the side 
of righteousness. Said Wendell Phil- 
lips, "'Cannon think in the nineteenth 
century. " When it became clearly 
recognized that the War had become a 
struggle for human liberty all the 
pent up reserves of moral purpose in 
the loyal states wheeled into line and 
the success of the Union arms was 
assured. Slavery must cease. That 
was the continent-wide resolve. The 
Flag, committed to the liberation of 
the bondman, became the holy ori- 
fiamme of a righteous crusade before 
which mercenary selfishness inevitably 
went down in defeat. 



The Flag — Memorial Day Sermon 



19 



One day the piteous cries of a long 
suffering people, crushed beneath the 
Iron heel of a system devised in 
avarice and wrought out with cruelty, 
came into the ears of the American 
public. Good heed was given to the 
appeal. It was found that a policy 
of extermination was in operation at 
our very doors. In the interests of 
pleading humanity and with a definite 
publication to all the world of absolute 
personal disinterestedness, the Amer- 
ican Nation bared its right arm for 
justice and bade the butcher Weyler 
and the Government behind him move 
out and off the Western Hemisphere. 
The Spanish War came with its brief 
but glorious record. The Flag went 
to Cuba in the name of righteousness. 
There was no confusion in the issue. 
That barbarities might cease and the 
oppressed go free the conflict was 
fought to a successful termination 
under "Old Glory's" stainless stars. 

IV. In the fourth place this Flag is 
pledged today to give protection to 
all who put themselves beneath its 
ample folds. It is the fixed purpose 
of the American people to deal justly 
with everybody. No notion is more 
firmly wrought into the policy of this 
Republic. 

General Grant, in his last Virginia 
campaign, stopped one day for re- 
freshment at a stately mansion, whose 
men were with the Confederate Army. 
The mother of the household did not 
recognize her guest but was quite 
moved by the courtesy shown her 
and the earnest effort made to allay 
her fears of personal harm. She 
acknowledged that she was in mortal 
terror of the Northern soldiers and 
especially of their chief. When the 
party was about to leave, she said, 
"I wish you would remain here until 
the Federals have passed and particu- 
larly till Grant gets by." "I assure 
you thai you have nothing to fear, 
Madam," was the reply. "'I am 
General Grant. I will put a guard 
here to protect you from all intrusion. " 

The incident was characteristic. 
The great general correctly inter- 



. pre ted the spirit of the American 
government and the function of the 
Flag. It exists by will of a free people 
to give protection to the defenceless. 

It should never be forgotten that the 
the Flag is definitely committed to 
the establishment of law and order. 
When Taylor entered Monterey in 
1846, he at once quieted the appre- 
hensions of the residents there by 
assuring them that no looting nor 
robbery would be permitted while he 
remained and that private property 
would be sacredly respected. When 
Scott reached Mexico City m 1847. he 
made it his first business to restore 
order. With strong hand he repress- 
ed all violence. When Fletcher a 
few days ago landed in Vera Cruz he 
immediately devoted himself to calm- 
ing the town. In a very brief time 
confidence was restored and business 
went on as usual. 

It can not be too distinctly em- 
phasized that the American Flag 
guarantees opportunity for the pur- 
suit of chosen callings unmolested. 
This is the land of the fair chance. 
Roosevelt's favorite phrase of the 
"square deal" is in exact accord. 
with the genius of our institutions. 
It is the vigorously declared purpose 
of the people, who are the real sover- 
eigns here, to put an end to injustice 
and to see that the rights of all persons 
are held in an even balance, through- 
out all our territory. And the Star 
Spangled Banner is the emblem of 
this equitable policy. It proclaims, 
wherever it goes, to all who look upon 
it, that its mission is to defend the 
weak and helpless and establish peace 
with righteousness. 

V. Now what attitude ought we as 
American citizens to take toward a 
Flag having such a history and stand- 
ing for such lofty ideals? Can there 
be any question in any mind this hour? 

At the great Gettysburg Reunion 
last July, celebrating the fiftieth anni- 
versary of that memorable battle, 
veterans of both armies met in fra- 
ternal fellowship under an amazing 
wealth of flags. The red, white and 



20 



The Granite Monthly 



blue were everywhere. One old vet- 
eran in gray, with bared head, point- 
ing to the glorious -weep of color < said 
reverently, "That is my Flag, the 
Flag of my father.-, the Flag of my 
country, my children's Flag forever. 
God keep it in the skies." 

That is precisely the attitude every 
loyal citizen should take. Hearts 
should go out in love toward it and 
prayers should be sincerely offered in 
its behalf. 

During the night, following the 
battle at Stone River, General 
Rosecrans came to General Thomas, 
who was asleep, and awakening him 
said, ''Thomas, will you protect the 
rear during a retreat to Overhaul's 
Creek?" Though only about half 
awake, Thomas, with solid emphasis 
which admitted of no misunderstand- 
ing, answered in sonorous voice, 
'•Rosecrans, this army can't retreat.'''' 
Then he turned over and went to 
sleep. And the army did not retreat 
but the enemy did. 

It was this same sturdy Thomas, 
plucky fighter, ignorant of fear, to 
whom General Grant telegraphed, 
"Hold Chattanooga." And Thomas 
wired back, "Will hold Chattanooga 
till we starve. " That was the spirit 
which makes heroes. Every one who 
knew Thomas appreciated the mean- 
ing of his reply. He would hold the 
town or die in the attempt. With 
him loyalty was a passion which mas- 
tered all his energies. 

For love of country no sacrifice 
should be considered too great. 
Every citizen should hold himself in 
readiness to give his best. The Flag 
ought to be able to command instant 
an 1 loyal support from all. 

As Farragut swept up the Missis- 
sippi* past the Yieksburg batteries, 
Lieutenant Cumrnings had one of his 
legs shot away and was In a very 
serious plight, but he refused to be 
carried below for treatment. Cheer- 
ing on his brave tars, he cried, "Get 
the ship by the batteries, gut the ship 
by, boys, and they may have the 
other log." Ah, what instances of 



glorious devotion to country have 
been witnessed through the years. 

Yonder on Beacon Hil! in our State 
House, where are gathered the re- 
mains of many battle-flags, there is 
one nearly bare pole. It was carried 
at the assault on Fort Wagner at the 
head of a negro regiment. The color- 
sergeant was severely wounded but 
would not give up his task. As he 
staggered out of the fearful tempest, 
holding high the staff from which 
nearly all the flag' had been shot off., 
he cried again and again in jubilant 
delight, "It did not touch the ground, 
boys, it did not touch the ground," 
Of course it did not touch the ground. 
There was valiant loyalty and sturdy 
resolve upholding it. Nothing but 
death could have struck it down. 

Have we such invincible courage? 
Why not? It is our Flag. Under it 
we have protection. By it we are 
given privilege. With it opportunity 
continues. So long as it is sustained 
by patriotic devotion that long shall 
a free people's best interests be con- 
served. 

Have you been comforting your- 
selves with the notion that the days 
of strenuous obligation are passed and 
that no great demands for sturdy 
service are likely to be made in the 
future? Do not deceive yourselves 
with false ideas. The truth is we are 
living in troublous times. The unrest 
in Colorado and in Mexico are symp- 
tomatic. An awakening democracy 
is coming to a consciousness of power 
and is bestirring itself, not always 
wisely or with best ideals, but ever 
with increasing energy. 

Benton said to Sumner, when the 
latter was first elected to Congress, 
"Young man, nothing important will 
happen in your day. It has all 
happened. w What a speech and that 
only a few years before the Civil War! 
In our own time anything may happen 
any hour. Are we at War with 
Mexico? Have we permanently qui- 
eted belligerent miners'? Has the 
last move been made by rampant 
socialists? 



Waiting 



21 



¥■ 



Of this miK'h we may bo sine. 
There is always need of a distinct 

»< n-e of patriotic: obligation. Xo 
nation can long endure whose citizens 
are not keenly alive to personal re- 
sponsibility for the defence of the 
national honor. The Flag must be 
upheld. Law must be enforced. 
Order must be maintained. 

One evening in 1861, when the com- 
mander of Fort Pickens had reason 
to believe that an attack might be 
expected from the rebels at any 
nioment, he called his officers about 
him and said, "Gentlemen, you all 
hold commissions from the President 
and I have a right to expect that in the 
coming storm you will all be loyal, 
but before the battle begins, for our 
mutual encouragement, I desire to 
know from each one of you just what 
your attitude is. and so I propose that 
we renew our oath of allegiance to the 
government." That was good. And 
as each one pledged himself anew to 
the defence of the Flag there was an 



increased Jsense of comradeship ami 
courage. 

We must not allow ourselves to lie 
stampeded into unreasoning frenzy. 

War is to avoided by all possible 
means, consistent with righteousness 
and honor. But we must be prepared 
to uphold the Flag and all for which it 
stands, whatever the cost may be. I 
propose a renewal of allegiance. As 
American citizens, proud of our his- 
tory, conscious of our responsibility, 
let us pledge ourselves anew to stand 
by our colors. 

"Here comes The Fla<i! 

Cheer it! 

Valley and crag 

Shall" hear it. 

Fathers shall bless it, 

Children caress it. 

All shall maintain it. 

No one shall stain it. 

Cheers for the sailors 

That fought on the wave for it! 

Cheers for the soldiers 

That always were brave for it! 

Tears for the men 

That went down to grave for it! — 

Here comes The Flag!" 



WAITING 

By Francis IF. Tewksbury 

I am sitting in the twilight, 
And the wind is moaning low, 

And I'm thinking of the dear one, 
One who left me long ago. 

Tender memories cluster round me, 
Thoughts of happy days gone by, 

When the world was bright before me, 
And the love light in her eye. 

Chill the night is closing round me, 
And the bird has found its nest, 

And the weary heart is waiting , 

For the homeland and for rest. 



Dunbar ton, X. H. 



On the banks of that dark river, 
Where the boatman plies the oar, 

There my loved one will be- waiting, 
She will meet me on the shore. 



&% 



is marriage: a failure? 

Bit Manila M. RicJccr * 



Under the old common law I think 
it came very near it, but such women 
as Susan B. Anthony, Matilda Joslyn 
Gage and Elizabeth Cady Stanton 
have done much to improve the con- 
dition of woman in the state of 
matrimony, and I hope that New 
Hampshire — one of the thirteen 
original States — will soon revise and 
improve her laws and give to all her 
citizens equal rights, equal opportu- 
nities and equal compensation. Under 
such a government as that marriage 
would be a success. It is the old 
common law idea that the husband 
and wife are one, and that the husband 
is the one, that has caused so much 
unhappiness in the " marriage- rela- 
tion. " One of the most prolific 
sources of unhappiness lies in the fact 
that wives must ask and husbands 
give money. It is a humiliating con- 
dition that will prevent any feeling of 
independence or liberality on the part 
of the wife. How many wives are 
there who can ask a husband for five 
dollars without having him say "What 
do you want to do with it?" or " Where 
is that dollar and a half I gave you day 
before yesterday?" I know a woman, 
a friend of mine who literally never 
.has any money. Her husband is 
rich, his credit excellent, but all 
articles are bought at stores where 
bills are run up to be paid off twice a 
year. There is a carriage for her use, 
an elegant house for her residence, 
but not one dollar passes through her 
hands that are kept in an idleness 
that she would gladly exchange for 
some honest toil that would give her 
a few dollars of her own. Ask the 
dressmakers and milliners how the 
wives of many rich men pay their 

*Mra. Ricker, who was the first aggressive woman 
suffrage champion in New Hampshire, and the first 

woman to be adoiitted to the bar in ths State, and that 
after a long content, gave this paper as a lecture, or ad- 
dress, in several different Sta^e3, more than thirty 
years ago. 



bills. If you should be truthfully 
answered you would be shocked. 
Marriage in law is a ''civil contract;'' 
it is a partnership and all partnerships 
should be protected by law as other 
contracts are. Law should secure 
rights and punish injustice. But my 
wife is "supported," many men will 
say. In many instances that is a 
false and fallacious term. When 1 
was in California I visited a mining 
camp. In the camp one man is 
always elected to do the cooking, 
usually "by lot," but the cook shares 
equally in all the partnership gains. 
Go tell that man cook that he is 
supported and he would probably 
reply with his shotgun! Yet the man 
cook cares for no children, does no 
sewing and the washing is an individ- 
ual affair, done every Sunday morning 
in the nearest stream. Every woman 
who labors in her own family is en- 
titled to a housekeeper's wages. Yet 
how few women are given twenty 
dollars per month to do as they please 
with. Under the common law and in 
many of the states today the husband 
can select the home and locate it 
where he pleases, irrespective of 
physical or moral surroundings — no 
matter how repugnant to the wife's 
taste or business judgment. Yet if 
she refuses to go with him she has 
"abandoned" her husband and he is 
no longer responsible for her support; 
the law gives the custody of the chil- 
dren to him as head of the family and 
she cannot control a dime of com- 
munity property. I often hear men 
and women say no man will use this 
power. True no good man will, but 
bad men do use it and this remnant 
of barbarism should be swept from 
our laws and the woman suffrage 
broom can do it more effectually than 
anything else. In many states a 
wife cannot give her children a cent of 



I a M arriage a Fa il u re ? 



2S 



% ommunlly property, though she may 
have earned it all. A wife's debts, 
made before marriage, cannot be 
collected from common . property,, 
but a husband's can. As a wife she 



has no more status m 
t han 



the civil law 
the cow in the pasture. How 
can marriage be a success when such 
laws " obtain? " Under the old com- 
mon law, and in many of the States 
today, when a man asks a woman to 
marry him, it amounts to just this: 
I want you to become my partner 
for life— I to be senior partner and 
head of the firm; you, to do as 1 direct 
and live as I choose, never to go away 
without my knowledge and consent, 
while I am to have absolute freedom 
of action; you to devote your best 
energies, your talents, and your 
powers to such duties as I shall indi- 
cate, in return for which I will give 
you your board and lodging and 
occasionally a suit of clothes, but no 
salary whatever! What would one 
man say to another if such a 
proposition were made to him? I 
fancy there would be some emphatic 
language heard, to use a mild term. 
Yet just such partnerships women 
are constantly forming — giving up 
their whole lives to men in return for 
a mere support and no legal title to 
the joint earnings of the copartner- 
ship. 

It may be interesting to see the 
status of woman as far as her claim to 
the public lands are concerned. Un- 
married women, widows, maidens and 
deserted wives, who are over the age 
of twenty-one years, are entitled to 
all the rights, privileges and benefits 
under the homestead laws that can be 
enjoyed by men. The mother of a 
living child or children whether 
widow, deserted wife, (or unfortunate 
single woman), may acquire title to 
land as the head of a family, though 
under the age of twenty-one. Widows 
of deceased entrymen succeed to the 
rights of their husbands and may make 
final proof and take title in their own 
names. The widow of a person who 
-served ninetv davs or more during: the 



war of the rebellion in the United 
States army, navy, or Marine Corps 
and died without making an entry 
may make an entry the same as her 
husband, if living, might do, and in 
making final proof receive credit in 
lieu of residence on the land for the 
period of the husband's sendee, not to 
exceed four years. So you see in the 
eye of the law it is better to be a 
widow than a wife! Are these things 
conducive to making marriage a 
success? 

What is woman's position today? 
In many states we have woman dis- 
franchised, with no voice, in the gov- 
ernment under which she lives, denied 
until recently the right to enter col- 
leges or professions, laboring at half 
price in the world of work; a civil code 
that makes her in marriage a nonen- 
tity; her person, her children, the 
property of her husband. In ad- 
justing the institution of marriage 
woman has never yet in the history 
of the world had one word to say. 
The relation has been absolutely es- 
tablished and perpetuated without her 
consent. We have thus far had the 
man marriage. He has made all the 
laws concerning it to suit his own 
convenience and love of power, 
Women have quite as much interest- 
in good government as men and I fail 
to see why they should be excluded 
from the ballot box. We hear that 
" Governments derive their just pow- 
ers from the consent of the governed. " 
A republican form of government is 
said to be of and by and in the interest 
of the people, but is it? It seems to 
me to be an aristocracy of sex and I 
think it the meanest aristocracy in the 
world. If taxation without repre- 
sentation was tyranny before the 
revolutionary war, and it is generally 
conceded to have been one of the 
great causes of the war, it is tyranny 
today. Women are taxed under the 
laws, are put into the prisons and are 
hanged under the laws, and they 
should have a voice in making them. 
In other words if women are citizens 
they should have all the rights and 



24 



The Canite Monthly 



privileges of citizens. If they are not 
citizens, what are they? On my way 
home from a trip not long since I 

heard one woman say to another in 
the cars, "I have all the rights 1 want/'* 
I involuntarily turned and said to 
her, — "if you are a married woman 
have you the right to control your own 
earnings? Have you a right to will 
away any part of the community 
property? Have you the right to the 
guardianship of your children?" In 
many States of this Union women 
have not these rights. Have you 
ever been a teacher and expected to 
work beside a man, equal work and 
equal time, he to" get eight}' dollars 
per month and you forty dollars? If 
so, how did you like it? 

Disfranchisement is not the only 
cause of the distress of working 
women, nor will giving them the ballot 
immediately set all things right, but it 
will be a great help in that direction. 
The ballot does not make men happy, 
respectable, rich nor noble, but they 
guard it for themselves with sleepless 
jealousy. Why? Because they know 
it is the golden gate to every oppor- 
tunity, and precisely the kind of 
advantage it gives to one sex it would 
give to the other. It would arm it 
with the most powerful weapon known 
to political society. It would main- 
tain the natural balance of the sexes 
in human affairs and secure to each 
fair play within its sphere. 

Under the common law a husband 
could whip his wife, give her moderate 
correction, in the same moderation 
that a man was allowed to correct his 
children. If the husband killed his 
wife it was the same as if he had killed 
a stranger, or any other person, and 
he was hanged; but if the wife killed 
the husband it was considered a much 
more atrocious crime, — it was trea- 
son and she was condemned to the 
same punishment as if she had killed 
the king and her punishment was to 
be burned alive. Under the common 
law all women were denied the "'bene- 
fit of clergy," and till the third and 
fourth William and Mary they re- 



ceived sentence o( death and were 
hanged for the first offence of simple 
larceny, however learned they were, 
merely because their sex precluded the 
possibility of their taking holy orders, 
though a man who could read was for 
the same crime subject only to burning 
on the hand and a» few months' im- 
prisonment. Under the common law 
a son though younger than all his 
sisters was heir to all the real property. 
A woman's personal property by 
marriage became absolutely her hus- 
band's which at his death he could 
leave entirely away from her and the 
husband was absolutely the master 
of the profits of the wife's lands during 
the marriage, and a husband could be 
tenant by curtesy of the trust estates 
of his wife, though the wife could not 
be endowed of the trust estates of the 
husband. 

The Revised Statutes of the United 
States, Chapter I, Section I. says: — 
'•'Be it enacted by the Senate and 
House of Representatives of t he- 
Unit eel States of America in Congress 
assembled. In determining the mean- 
ing of the revised statutes or of any act 
or resolution of Congress passed subse- 
quent to February 25th, 1871, words 
reporting the singular number may 
extend and be applied to several per- 
sons or things; words importing the 
plural number ma}' include the singu- 
lar; words importing the masculine 
gender ma\ r be applied to females; 
the words insane person and lunatic 
shall include every idiot, non compos, 
lunatic and insane person; the word 
'person' may extend and be applied 
to partnerships and corporations and 
the reference to any officer shall in- 
clude any person authorized by law 
to perform the duties of such office 
unless the context shows that such 
words were intended to be used in a 
more limited sense; and a requirement 
of an oath shall be deemed complied 
with by making affirmation in judicial 
form." 

The Revised Statutes are liberal, 
and it seems to me that we can truth- 
fully say there is no gender in brain, 



I* m 



triage a 



Failure? 



find it Ls high time to do away with 
the sillv nut ion that there is. Every 
'lifient of English law* knows that 
statutes imposing penalties are to be 
drictly construed, so as to exclude 
every bod}' and thing nut within their 
tetter. Statutes creating privileges, 
conferring benefits, are to be liberally 
construed, so as to include every 
person within the reach of their spirit. 
I think we have reached a period 
when women are to have the benefit 
of both these rules to correlate each 
other. 

As a more striking and frequent 
occurrence of the masculine form I 
refer to the criminal code of the 
United States, and some of the many 
curious uses of the words "he, him, 
and his." The very first section 
limits the punishment of treason ex- 
clusively to males unless he can be 
construed to mean she (Sec. .552; Rev. 
Stat, Page 1041), and a woman who 
commits perjury cannot be punished 
unless " he " means " she, " for the stat- 
ute declares that "he "shall be pun- 
ished and says nothing about her. 
Still I've heard a woman sentenced to 
five years at hard labor for perjury. 

It is a matter of history that 
women have filled and still do fill the 
various classes of post offices in the 
republic, but how can they unless 
"he" means "she?" Xo woman was 
ever known to escape a criminal 
statute because its language ignored 
her sex. Shall there be more than 
one rule for the construction of all 
our statutes on this important point? 
Shall the word "he" include woman 
in one set of laws and exclude her in 
another, or shall they all be expounded 
by one rule? I am aware that when 
a penalty is imposed masculine pro- 
nouns mean women also. When a 
benefit is offered or a privilege be- 
stowed man alone in most instances 
is meant by them. In other words 
"she" is included for penalties and 
disabilities, excluded from favors and 
privileges. I contend for the one 
rule for all without fear or favor. 
But under the common law the hus- 



band and wife were one person— that 
is, the very legal existence or being o| 
the woman was suspended during the 
marriage, or at least was incorporated 
and consolidated into that of the 
husband. How could marriage lie a 
success? 

But if marriage was a failure under 
the common law it was worse than 
that under the canon law. According 
to church teaching woman was an 
afterthought in the creation, the 
author of sin and in collusion with 
Satan and in no form of popular reli- 
gion has woman ever been indebted 
for one pulsation of liberty. I was at 
Salem, Mass., not long ago and in 
"looking over the old documents con- 
cerning witches one peculiar thing was 
noticeable: that is, its victims were 
chiefly women; few wizards were ever 
heard of. Speaking of witchcraft, 
Lecky says the Reformation was the 
signal for a fresh outbreak of the 
superstition in England; and there as 
elsewhere, its decline was represented 
by the clergy as a phase of infidel- 
ity. In Scotland where the ministers 
exercised greater influence than in 
any other country, and where the 
witch trials fell almost entirely into 
their hands, the persecution was pro- 
portionally atrocious. Probably the 
ablest defender of the belief was 
Glanoil, a clergyman of the English 
Church; and one of the most influen- 
tial was Baxter, the greatest of the 
Puritans. It spread with Puritanism 
into the new world and the executions 
in Massachusetts form one of the 
darkest pages in American history. 
The greatest religious leader of the 
last century, John Wesley, was among 
the latest of ifs supporters. He said 
that giving up witchcraft was giving 
up the Bible. 

Scepticism on the subject of witches 
first arose among those who were 
least governed by the church, ad- 
vanced with the decline of the influence 
of the clergy, and was commonly 
branded, by them as a phase of in- 
fidelity. Lecky in his "History of 
Rationalism" and his "European 



26 



The Granite Monthly 



Morals" gives facts sufficient to con- 
vince any woman of common sense 
that the greatest obstacle in the way 
of the freedom and elevation of her 
sex has been and is the teaching of the 
church in regard to her rights and 
duties. Women have ever been the 
chief victims in the persecutions of 
the church, amid all its dreadful 
tragedies, and on them have fallen the 
heaviest penalties of the canon law. 

In reading the History of Boston 
from its settlement in 1630 to the year 
1770 I find that the historian, Samuel 
G. Drake, said, that to deny the exist- 
ence of witchcraft was to deny the in- 
spiration of the Bible, and few could be 
found who had the hardihood to do 
it. Such were infidels in the most 
objectionable sense of the word and 
were in danger of personal violence. 
"Thou shalt not suffer a witch to live, " 
is good Bible doctrine. Laws were 
made in those days in accordance 
with the teachings of the Bible, and 
I've known instances since my admis- 
sion to the Bar where a good honest 
reliable man's testimony was objected 
to simply because he did not believe 
the Bible. The clergy everywhere 
sustained witchcraft as Bible doctrine 
until the spirit of Rationalism laughed 
the whole thing to scorn and science 
gave mankind a more cheerful view 
of life. 

The worst features of the canon law 
reveal themselves today in woman's 
condition as clearly as they did 1,500 
years ago. The clergy in their pulpits 
teach the same doctrines in regard to 
her from the same texts and echo the 



same old platitudes and false ideas 
promulgated for centuries by eccle- 
siastical council.-. The grand ideas 
of Confucius, Buddha, and Moham- 
med have been slowly transforming 
the world from the reign of brute 
force to moral power, and science has 
been as slowly emancipating mankind 
from their fears of the Unknown; but 
the church has steadily used its in- 
fluence against progress, science, the 
education of the masses and freedom 
for woman. Some women are allowed 
to preach but what evangelical 
churches ordain them? Women 
work elaborate altar covers but in 
many churches are not allowed to 
enter the enclosures. To those not 
conversant with the history of the 
Christian Church and the growth of 
the canon law it may seem a startling 
assertion, but it is true that the 
church has done more to degrade 
woman than all other adverse influ- 
ences put together. Young men 
educated by sewing societfes of women 
often preach from 1st Cor. 14 chap., 
34 and 35 verses. "Let your women 
keep silence in the churches, for it is 
not permitted unto them to speak; 
but they are commanded to be under 
obedience as also saith the law." No 
priest or parson has ever been instru- 
mental in making a law favorable to 
woman, but Susan B. Anthony has, so 
women one and all, think for your- 
selves and when Mona Caird or any- 
other person raises the question — 
"Is Marriage a Failure?" you can 
truthfully answer — under the common 
law it came dangerously near it. 



THE DYING OAK 

By Charles Nevers Hohnes 

Dethroned at last by time's delayed decay, 

Yet rooted firmly to his mossy seat, 
Like aged monarch, broken, bowed and gray, 
Or patriarch who soon shall pass away, 

Or mighty heart which waits its final beat, 
Yon old oak lies supinely where it stood, 
The king of all the wide surrounding wood, 
Defying winter's blight, wind, snow and, sleet, 



The Inevitable 27 



A sylvan giant upon .massive feet, 
With arms so stalwart that he deemed it phi;. 

To battle gales however fierce and fleet, 
And only feared the lightning's vivid ray; 

Alone he dies! — His life untold, complete, 

Still regnant on his throne, without defeat. 



THE INEVITABLE 

By Frank M. Beverly 

The fleeting years had passed us by — 

We were no longer young— 
They'd left their impress on our hearts, 

Across our path had flung 
Some shadows dark of discontent. 

The burdens that we bore 
Were heavy, taxing utmost strength— 

We scarce could carry more. 

The blazing fagots from the hearth 

Gave out uncertain light, 
And near we sat within the warmth, 

For chilly was the night ; 
I thought of all the years had wrought, 

Recalled the days long past; 
I saw our shadows on the wall 

As ghostly figures cast. 

No words were spoken as we sat 

Beside the fire alone; 
I held my thoughts unto myself, 

And so she held her own, 
And though I wished that she would speak 

Her inmost thoughts to tell, 
Yet Silence sat between us two — 

No words to break the spell. 

She cast her eyes full into mine, 

As once she did when young; 
I knew her though. s were just my own — 

To them she gave no tongue — 
She turned and looked as into space, 

For I was growing old; 
I knew the trend of all her thoughts 

As though I had been told. 

Though Youth departs, we fade in age; 

Life's burdens sore we bear; 
We hope that some good day we'll lay 

Aside our every care, 
And that beyond in fairer cUme, 

Where hearts ne'er beat in pain, 
It will be ours to reunite 

Perpetual youth to grain. 



<■■ 



3L? 



CONSOLATION 

By George Wilson Jennings 



The greatest trial in life that hu- 
manity has to contend with is the loss 

we suffer through the death, of friends, 
those that are near and dear to us. 
In such an emergency we turn for 
help to the Great Architect of the 
Universe. That "He is our refuge 
and strength, a very present help in 
time of trouble," every one who in the 
ordeal of affliction has invoked Divine 
assistance can readily testify. 

Second only to this source of con- 
solation is that which emanates from 
true and loyal friendship, each friend 
to whom we confide our griefs express- 
ing sympathy and often revealing to 
us the path by which we reach a heal- 
ing spring of comfort. 

"Sympathy is the sweecest of jewel.-, 

The rarest of all it -5 kind, 
The gem most nearlv roval, 
Yet the hardest of all to find." 

The above thoughts were recently 
borne home to the writer upon- 
learning of the sudden death of a life- 
long friend, who experienced great 



comiort 



m 



the knowledge that 



throughout her entire life she had 
been a source of helpfulness to others 
when they had been sorely tried 
through affliction. Of her it could be 
said: "Her trust being in God her 
faith was well founded." What conso- 
lation it is to those who are left, to 



look over the life of a dear departed 
friend whose days had been filled with 
good deeds, and who had done all 
that was possible to afford material 
and spiritual help to others. Such 
lives are never forgotten. It was 
Beecher who once said: "The greatest 
afflictions have their sweetness when 
shared/ 7 

This assurance we have, that just 
a little later on we will have the 
experience of that blessed reunion to 
which we all look forward as our 
greatest consolation in this life, and 
the life hereafter. 

"Then what raptured greetings, 

On Heaven's happy shore, 
Renewing servered friendships, 
Where parting.- are no more." 

But we never shall remove life's 
pressure. We are bearers of burdens 
like the ships that traverse the sea, 
and to be heavily freighted is always 
better than to sail in ballast, for the 
weight of our burden is the assurance 
of its great value. 

So in life we must meet the grey 
days hopefully, not mournfully, and 
rejoice that we have the consolation 
and assurance that it will always be 
morning when we reach, "That 
bourne from whence no traveller 
returns." 

Brooklyn, X. Y. 



ODE OX SOLITUDE 

By H. Thompson Rich 

Troubled and ill at ease all day, 
At length I rose and fled away 

To the cool upper quiet 
Of a hoar hill that lifted high its head 
Above the plain as though wide heaven 't would wed. 

There underneath the riot 
Of an autumnal oak I sat 
And thought of this and thought of that. 






Ode- on Solitude 29 

So glad I. was to breath the air 
Of solitude, I did not care 

On what my thoughts were bent: 
I thought how gorgeous seemed fair nature's gown. 
How wondrous, as she walked the fall adown! 

How ultimately blent 
The thousand gala colors were 
She wore entwined in her brown hair! 



It was a gladsome sight to see 
Her in her royal robery; 

The very sky was glad 
That Nature had put on her such array, 
And smiled the autumn afternoon away! 

Long could one not be sad, 
Nor long have any thought of care 
In company so debonair! 



Yet thought I how near o'er the bay 
Seemed the blue ocean of the day, 

How near — how far away! 
And thinking thus I looked into the sky. 
Into its emptiness and mystery,— 

Grim caravanserai 
Of sleeping camps of stars that link 
The universe . . . and dared not think! 

Then, while I sat there sad, distraught. 
Earth's evening miracle was wrought 

And the red sun went down. 
Leaving the scroll-red clouds to register 
The sudden dazzling images that were 

Reflected all around, 
Like echoes of a martial air 
Cut short — loud-ringing everywhere! 

And twilight, soft with dim delight — 
The very mother of the night! — . 

Wrapped everything in hush: 
The tree.-, the houses, aye, the very hills 
Wore a greiit peace that calms withal it thrills: 

A tiny meadow-thrush, 
Like a swift shadow, strong and straight 
Winged through the silence to its mate! 

Night, with its wonderment, was here: 
The deepening shades of day drew near, 

To dance and disappear: 
Star after star, slowly, majestically, 
The fleets of heaven sailed across the sky — 

And never moved! A fear 
Of the Eternal leapt in sway. . . . 
Troubled, I rose and Hod awav! 



$6 



NEW HAMPSHIRE NECROLOGY 



HON. HERBERT O. HADLEY 
Hon. Herbert O. fladley. one of the best 
known and highly esteemed citizens of New 
Hampshire, died at his home in Peterboro, 
December, 19 lo. 

He was a native of Peterboro; born Novem- 
ber 20, 1855, but removed with Ins parents 
to Temple, in infancy, where he was reared 
and educated, and spent his life until his 
return to his native town in L909. 

He was a farmer by occupation, but did 
a large business as an auctioneer in the later 
years of his life. He was prominent in the 
Grange, and had holden most of the offices in 



/ 



\ 



\ 






f 



Hon. Herbert O. Hadley 

the subordinate. Pomona, and State Granges, 

having been for six years master of the latter. 
He had long been a member of the State 
Board of Agriculture, and was the last presi- 
dent of that organization. He represented 
the town of Temple in the legislature of 1895, 
and was a State Senator in 1907. In 190S 
he was elected a member of the board of 
Commissioners for the County of Hills- 
borough, and was reelected at each subse- 
quent election, serving as chairman of the 
board until his death. He was a Mason, an 
Odd Fellow, a Cemziegationalist, and a 
Democrat, and had often been urged to be- 
come the candidate of his party for Governor. 
He married, January 12, 1879, Miss Nettie 
C. Benton, by whom he is survived, with one 
daughter, Florence E. 



FOREST E. BARKER 
Forest E. Barker, born in Exeter Septem- 
ber 29, 1S53, died at Washington, D. C, No- 
vember 21, 1914. 

Mr. Barker was the son of Josiah G. and 
Betsy (Kent) Barker. Pie graduated from 
Wesfeyan University, Middletown Conn., 
in 1S74; studied law at the Boston University 
Law School, and settled in practice in Wor- 
cester, Mass., where he continued to reside. 
He served several years as a member of the 
Worcester school board; was a representa- 
tive in the General Court of Massachusetts in 
18S3-4, and became a member of the State 
Board of Gas and Electric Light Commission- 
ers in 1SS5, and its Chairman in 1894, 
continuing till his death, which occurred sud- 
denly, while he was on a visit to the National 
Capital. 

Mr. Barker was a Republican, a Metho- 
dist, and a prominent Mason. He married. 
August 11, 1S81, Flora I. Hovey of Exeter, 
who survives him. 

HON. GEORGE S. ROGERS 
George S. Rogers, a prominent citizen of 
Lebanon, died at the Adams House in Boston, 
December 1, 1914. 

He was a native of Plymouth, seventy-one 
years of age, but spent his early life in Thet- 
ford, Vt., removing to Lebanon in 1889, 
where he acquired "extensive real estate in- 
terests, and recently erected a fine modem 
hotel. ' He was a Congregationalist, a Repub- 
lican and a member of the State Senate in the 
legislature of 1911. He is survived by a 
widow, who was Miss Angie Davis, and a 
brother, Alfred Rogers of Thetford, Vt. 

ORA M. HUNTOON 
Ora M. Huntoon, a prominent citizen of. 
Oontooeook, died in that village Sunday, 
November 1, 1914, at the age of seventy- 
five years. 

- He was born at East Unity, May T. 1893, 
the third son of the Hon. Harvey and Maria 
(Morse) Huntoon, his father having been 
one of the leading farmers and most active 
Democrats of Sullivan County. He was edu- 
cated in the public and select schools, and 
studied law for a time, but finally suc- 
ceeded his father on the old homestead at 
East Unity, where he was engaged in agri- 
culture for many years, serving also as super- 
intending school committee, selectman, and 
representative in the legislature in 1SG8 and 
1S69. Some twenty years ago he removed to 
Contoocook, where he resided till his death, 
having been for several years a travelling 
salesman for Norris & Co., of Concord. He 
was a Democrat in politics, liberal in relig- 
ion, and a member of the Masonic fraternity. 



Xeir Hcjrtpshirf Necrology 



31 



COL. DANA W. KING 
Dana W. King, born in Alstead June 29» 
IS32, died in Nashua November 19. 1914. 

Colonel King was a son of William and 
y\ha (Ritchie) King, and educated! in the 
schools of his native town. He was employed 
i^r a time in Boston and Detroit, but finally 
U seated in Nashua where was his home through 
life. He served in the First New Hampshire 
Regiment in the Civil War, and was com- 
missioned second lieutenant in Company A, 
in the Eighth. He participated in the cap- 
ture of New Orleans, and in Banks' Red River 
expedition, and was captured by the Con- 
federates at Sabin's Cross Roads, suffering 
treat hardship during his imprisonment. 
Being exchanged he served till the close of 
the war, returning as lieutenant-colonel of his 
regiment. 

lie was elected register of deeds for the 
County of Hillsborough in 1868, and held 
the position for thirty-eight years. He was 
prominent in Masonic and G. A. R. circles, 
and was for many years treasurer of the New 
Hampshire Veterans Association. He leaves 
one son, William D. King of Nashua, and 
one daughter, Mrs. Winifred II. Judkins. 

DUDLEY L. FURBER 
Dudley L. Furber, born in Northwood 
August 18, 1S4S, died in Dover December 1, 
1914. 

Mr. Furber was long engaged in business as 
a shoe manufacturer in Fannin gt on, North- 
wood and Dover. In the latter city he was 
connected with the Merchants National 
Bank as director and president. He was a 
trustee of the savings bank, also, and a direc- 
tor of the Boston & Maine railroad. While 
in Farmington he served as a member of the 
legislature. He was a Mason, a Knight of 
Pythias and a member of the Bellamy Club of 
Dover. He is survived by a widow, a brother, 
William M. Furber of Manchester, and a 
sister, Mrs. F. M. Knowles of Concord, 

GEORGE M. ROBERTS 
George Morrison Roberts, a native of the 
town of Haverhill, born in 1838, died at has 
home in Maiden, Mass., October 27, 1914. 
t He had been for many years, till about 
six years ago, the New England passenger 
agent, in Boston, of the Pennsylvania Rail- 
road and in that capacity was long favorably 
known to the business world. He was a 
lieutenant in the 60th Mass. Volunteers in 
the Civil War, was a member of the Loyal 
Legion and G. A. R. He leaves a son and 
daughter. 

DR. BUKK G. CARLETON 
Bukk G. Carleton, M. D., a noted surgeon 
and medical author, died October 21. at his 
residence at 75 West Fiftieth Street, New 
York City. 



F>oetor Carleton was a native of the town 
of Whitefield, born November 11, 1856, and 

graduated from the New York Homeopathic 
Medical College in 1S70. He was for a time 
connected with the medical department 
of New York University, and a member of 
the house staffs of the Homeopathic and 
Metropolitan hospitals and of the staff of 
the Department of Charities. He was for 
several years demonstrator and professor of 
anatomy at the Homeopathic Medical Col- 
lege and was consulting surgeon of the Hahne- 
mann Hospital. 

He is survived by his second wife, who was 
Miss Clarice E. Griffith of New York, and 
three sons and a daughter. He was a mem- 
ber of many medical and other societies, 
among them the Union League Club, the 
Intei-state Medical Society and the Academy 
of Pathological Science. 

BURRILL PORTER, JR. 

Burrili Porter, Jr., a leading citizen of 
North Atteboro, Mass., and a native of 
Charlestown, N. H., who spent his early life 
in Langdon, died October 23, 1914, 

He was the son of Burrili and Su=<an (Gar- 
field) Porter, born February 22, 1832, and 
graduated from Dartmouth College in 1S56 ; 
among his classmates being the late Gov. B. 
F. Prescott, Rev. Dr. Franklin D. Aver. 
Judse Caleb Blodgett, and Lieut. -Gov. 
William H. Haile. 

After graduation he spent many years in 
teaching. He lend been principal of Canaan 
and Cold River Union Academies. Mt. Caesar 
Seminarv at Swanzey and of high schools in 
Ohio and Massachusetts, the last being that 
at North Attleboro of which he wa^ p:in-upal 
for a dozen years, resigning in 1S79, after 
which he was prominent in public affairs, 
serving as assessor, collector, selectman, four 
years as postmaster and seven years as a 
representative in the legislature. He was an 
active Republican and for many years chair- 
man of the town committee of that party. 
Pie was an alternate delegate in the conven- 
tion that nominated WiUiam McKinley for 
President. He was for some time editor of 
the North Attleboro Chronicle, and had been 
Noble Grand of Aurora Lodge, I. O. O: F. 
of that place. He was a Univcrsaiist in 
religion, and active in the affairs of the Uni- 
versalis! Church at North Attleboro. 

He married Harriet, daughter of Asa H. 
Carpenter of Alstead, N. H., who died a few 
years after marriase. He is survived by a 
daughter, Mrs. G. Fred Ball of North Attle- 
boro, and a son, Asa Porter of Philadelphia, 
children by a second marriage. 

As a successful teacher, Mr. Porter took 
high rank, and was held in great esteem by 
those who had been his pupils, among the 
most notable of whom was the late Col. Car- 
roll D. Wright. 



EDITOR AND PUBLISHER'S NOTES 



The next issue of the Granite Monthly 
will be a legislative double number for Feb- 
ruary and March. issued early in the latter 
month. 



Bound copies of the Granite Monthly, 
Vol. 40 — New Series-, Vol. 9. will be ready for 
delivery in about ten days. They* 'will be 

exchanged Tor the unbound numbers for 3 914. 
for fifty cents. 



The corrected List of Rev olutionary soldiers, 
buried in the several. cemeteries in the town 
of Claremont. promised for this issue, is un- 
avoidably omitted but will appear in the 
next number. 



Major John Proctor Thompson, La S. A. 
(retired), whose death in San Francisco, Cali- 
fornia, October 13. 1914. was noticed in our 
December ''Necrology," was, through his 
mother, a great-g;reat-grandson of Captain 
Jonathan Prescott of Hampton. N. H., who 
commanded a company in Sir William Pep- 
perili's regiment at Louisberg, Cape Breton, 
in 1745. and lost his life there. 



■ A delightful little volume of New England 
character stories in dialect, by Eva Beede 
Ode-lh well known to the readers of the Gran- 
ite Monthly, takes its name from the title 
of the first story — ''Miss Prissy's Diamond 
Rings." "Eleanor Raymond's Story," and 
"''House Cleanin' in Sappin' Time.'' are the 
others — all finely done, in the author's best 
style, and affording a pleasant evening's read- 
ing for any New England home. The book 
may be had by remitting fifty cents to the 
author at Brookline, Mass. 



The opening of the present year brings the 
customary biennial change in the State gov- 
ernment, so far as the executive and legisla- 
tive departments are concerned. This change 
also, as a result of the November election, 
involves a change in party control. The 
House of Representatives, with its large Re- 
publican majority, organized on Wednesday. 
January 6, by the choice of Edwin C. Bean 
of Belmont as Speaker, all other Republican 
aspirants having withdrawn long before the 
time of organization. Harris M. Young of 
Manchester, and Bernard W. Gary of New- 



port were reelected Clerk and Assistant Clerk 
of the House, respectively. 

The Senate organized by the choice of 
George I. Haselton of District Xo. Sixteen, 
Manchester, President; Earl Gordon of Ca- 
naan, Clerk, and Thomas P. Cheney, 2d, of 
Ashland. Assistant Clerk. On Thursday, as 
usual, the Governor-elect, Holland H. Spauld- 
ing oi Rochester, was formally inaugurated, 
succeeding Samuel D. Felker of the same city, 
in the executive chair. In order that the 
•'decks" might be fully cleared for action, 
and all obstacles in the way of prompt atten- 
tion to business gotten out of the way during 
the first week, the customary ; ' Governor's 
ball" was worked off Thursday evening. 
Governor Spaulding's inaugural address was 
a model for brevity and comprehensiveness, 
and gave evidence of a desire on his part to 
promote strict attention to legitimate busi- 
ness, and no subordination of the public wel- 
fare to partisan ends. The Speaker of the 
House having promptly announced the com- 
mittees, and there being no Senatorial elec- 
tion to interfere with legislative work, the 
''short session," so generally talked about, 
ought to materialize, and is likely to unless a 
radical, reactionary policy is adopted, in 
which case there is no telling when the end 
will come. 



The ''Great Reaper," in His "harvest of 
souls," gathered in during the year just 
ended a goodly number from the ranks of 
our Xew Hampshire men of note, including 
ex-Governors Chester B. Jordan of Lancaster. 
and John B. Smith of Hillsborough, and Rt. 
Rev. W. Vv. Niles, Protestant Episcopal 
bishop of New Hampshire. Among others 
dying' during the year were Judge Robert M. 
Wallace, of Milford; Col. Richard M. Scara- 
mon, of Stratham, Bank Commissioner; John 
T. Abbott of Keene, ex-Minister to Co- 
lombia; Gen. Charles S. Collins of Nashua; 
Hon. Herbert O. Hadley, of Peterboro; Hon. 
Charles A. Dole, of Lebanon; Ca.pt. R. W. 
Musgrove of Bristol; Denis F. O'Connor of 
Manchester; Dr. John W. Staples of Frank- 
lin; Warren G. Brown of Wakefield and 
Josiah M. Fletcher of Nashua. Among dis- 
tinguished natives of the State, abroad, who 
passed away in 1914, were ex-Lieui.-Gov. 
Edwin O. Stanard of Missouri, native of 
Newport ; Prof. Franklin W. Hooper of New 
York, born in Walpole; and Martha Dana 
Shepard of Boston, horn in New Hampton. 



VoL XL VII, Nos. 2-S 



FEBRUARY -MARCH* 1915 



New Series, Vol. X, No«. 2-3 



: 




THE 



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A New Hampshire Magazine 

Devoted to History, Biography, Literature and State Progress 



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CONTENTS FOR FEBRUARY-MARCH 

The Legislature of 1915. With frontispiece . . . . . 

By J. W. Tucker. Illustrated 
The Libby Mus«um oi Wolfeboro. Illustrated . .... 

The North Conway Mount Eearsarge . . . . . . . 

By Ellen McRoberts Mason. Illustrated 
Claremont Equal Suffrage Association . .... 

By Clara L. Hunton. Illustrated ft, 

Claremont Revolutionary Soldiers . . . . . % . ..OS .. 

Autobiography of the First Bell in the North Country . . . . -" . 

By Grace Woodward 
The Indians ol New Hampshire . . . • . • * "v •' 

By Charles Nevers Holmes 

Captain Jacob Conn, Illustrated >. ' . . 

New Hampshire Necrology .'. .. . . . • . . 

Editor and Publisher's Notes . . . . . • . » . . 

Poems 

By Stewart Everett Rowe, Georgie Rogers Waruer, Mary Currier Rolofson, Deli 
Honey, Margaret E. Kendall ^nd L. Adelaide Sherman. 






t - - * 

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Issued by The Granite Monthly Company 

HENRY H. METCALF. Editor end Manager 






TERRS: $1.00 per annum, in advance; $1 v ' ''*'* in advance. Single copies, 15 cents : 

CONCORD, N. H., IS 10" 

Entered at the post office at Concord as second-class mail matter. 



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HIS EXCELLENCY HOLLAND H. SPAULDING 
Governor of New Hampshire 



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The Granite Monthly 



V '•.»!.. Xl.Vlf. New. 2-3 



FEBRUARY-MARCH, 1915 Nra Series, Vol. 10, Nos. 2-3 






THE LEGISLATURE OF 1915 

Ry James W. Tucker 



The largest legislative body in the 
world excepting the British Parlia- 
ment and the Congress of the United 
States (which latter has recently come 
into second position) namely, the New 
Hampshire General Court, has been 
in session at Concord for eleven weeks, 
and the indications are, at the time 
of this writing (January 22), that not 
less than three weeks, and possibly 
more, will be required to conclude the 
work of the session, making it one of 
the longest sessions holden since the 
biennial system was adopted, instead 
of the shortest, which latter had been 
confidently predicted in some quar- 
ters, and ardently hoped for in all, 
though there was, it must be con- 
fessed, no reasonable ground for such 
hope. 

The election in November last, in 
this, as in some other states, had re- 
sulted in a return of the Republican 
party to power, and there was a nat- 
ural desire and purpose on the part of 
the leaders of that party, or some of 
them at least, to regain complete con- 
trol and possession of all branches of 
the government and every depart- 
ment thereof, notwithstanding the 
famous Manchester, after-election 
speech of Governor-elect Rolland IL 
Spaulding, who, as a representative 
of the progtessive element of his party, 
quietly supported by many afore- 
time Democrats, had been chosen to 
the executive chair by a plurality un- 
precedented in recent years, and who 
strongly deprecated any action by his 
party based on the idea of mere party 
advantage, alone or primarily. 

Of the tw T enty-four members of the 



Senate four, only, are Democrats and 
one a Progressive, leaving nineteen 
Republicans, or nearly a four to one 
majority; while of 40S Representa- 
tives elected to the House — the largest 
number ever before chosen — 250 were 
classed as Republicans, 153 Demo- 
crats, and five Progressives, giving a 
clear Republican majority of ninety- 
two over all, which, while smaller 
than had been the case before for a 
quarter of a century, except in the 
legislature of two years ago, when the 
Democrats and Progressives combined 
outnumbered the Republicans and 
were able to control the action of the 
House so far as they could agree upon 
terms of union, was naturally re- 
garded as sufficient to warrant the 
conclusion that the Republicans 
would be able to carry out any plan 
of action which they might agree 
upon; and it was quite generally 
expected, as a matter of course, that 
the w r ork of the session would be 
largely devoted to the overturn of 
such legislation of a partisan nature, 
as had been enacted by the preceding 
legislature; though up to the present 
time not so much has been accom- 
plished in that direction as had gen- 
erally been anticipated. 

The present Senate, on the whole, 
ranks higher in point of average abil- 
ity, than has usually been the case. 
This comes from the presence in its 
membership of several men of high 
rank in point of ability find expe- 
rience in public affairs. Aside from 
President Haselton, who is a lawyer, 
and has had the advantage of legisla- 
tive experience in the popular branch, 



The. Granite Monthly 



Senators Martin of Concord and . 
Smith of Peterboro, are men of ex- 
ceptional ability and large public 
experience, the former being an ex- 
mayor of Concord, and ex-solicitor of 
Merrimack County, and one of the 
most successful trial lawyers in the 
state; while the latter combines with 
large legislative experience a strong 
legal mind and a power of logical 
statement seldom surpassed. Sena- 



wide experience in public life adds a 
readiness in debate which has seldom 
been equalled in recent days. It is, 
therefore, not to be wondered that 
the Senate has ideas of its own, and 
ha§, at times, no hesitation in nega- 
tiving the action of the House, as 
evidenced by its prompt slaughter of 
the bill passed by the House abolish- 
ing capital punishment, as well as its 
similar disposition of that doing away 



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New Hampshire State House 



tor Lucier of Nashua is also a lawyer 
of ability, and has had experience in 
both branches of the legislature; while 
Senators Cain and Kinney are young 
men of legal training and public and 
professional experience. Senator 
Crossman, a physician of wide repu- 
tation, and a student of social prob- 
lems, late United States Collector of 
Internal Revenue, and former mem- 
ber of the House, adds largely to the 
strength of the body; while Senator 
Musgrove, the lone Progressive, to 



with the Fast Day farce, as it is 
generally regarded. 

In the House, while there is a 
larger proportion of new members 
than usual, and fewer men of com- 
manding ability than is often the case, 
there are, nevertheless, quite a num- 
ber of members of large legislative 
experience and knowledge of parlia- 
mentary procedure; as well as not a 
few men fresh from the people, who 
have manifested much aptitude for 
legislation and no little readiness in 









The New Hampshire Legislature of 1915 



35 



of Moult onboro is, 
le House in point of 



debate. Frenc 

the 'Mean'' of 

extended service, and Ahem of •Con- 
cord is a close second — the one long 
known as the ''watch clog of the 
treasury" and the other as the Demo- 
cratic leader and parliamentary chief- 
tain, upon whom both sides rely for 
the settlement of all knotty questions 



House has been divided between 
Messrs. Couch and Lyford of Con- 
cord, the former serving his third 
successive term in the House and 
also as chairman of the Judiciary 
Committee, and the latter returning 
after several years' absence to the 
place he once held as a leading spirit 
among those who direct Republican 



/ 



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HON. JAMLS b. FRENCH 
The Watchdog of the Treasury 



/ 



I 



in which no partisanship is involved. 
This year, however, the active leader- 
ship on the side of the minority has 
passed into the hands of Major Bren- 
nan of Peterboro, who enjoys the 
distinction of having been twice suc- 
cessively elected from one of the 
strongest Republican towns in the 
state, who has developed legislative 
ability of a high order, and is, withal, 
a forceful debater. 

The Republican leadership in the 



measures and movements. Both are 
ready and frequent speakers, though 
in oratorical force Levin J. Chase of 
Ward 3, of the same city, is generally 
regarded as leading all others, regard- 
less of party. He it was who so ably 
championed the bill for the abolition 
of capital punishment in the House. 
Clement of Warren, Democrat, and 
Ho} r t of Sandwich, Republican, are 
among former members who have 
been more or less prominent in the 



36 



The. Granite Monthly 



present session in committee work 
and on the floor, as, also, is Preston 
of New Hampton. . - . 

Among the new members,. Duncan 
of Jaffrey, Democrat ; Tobey of Tem- 
ple, Progressive; and Wood of Ports- 
mouth and Miller of Keene, Repub- 
licans, have been among the most 
active and conspicuous. The latter, 
who is a Methodist clergyman, made 
the most effective speech against the 
woman suffrage bill, introduced by 
Mr. Wood, who opened the debate in 
its support. It was Mr. Miller, also, 
who made the strongest argument for 
the repeal of the local option law, 
anomalous as his position may have 
seemed considering his stand on the 
suffrage question. It was another 
new member also — Dr. Dillingham of 
Roxbury — who made the most strik- 
ing speech of the session during the 
suffrage debate, in opposition to the 
measure, in which he shocked the 
sensibilities of men and women of all 
views, alike, by his sweeping and 
wholesale abuse of womankind in 
general and suffragists in particular. 
Fortunately, there is little danger 
that he will ever return to the House, 
as his town elects only once in ten 
years. 

While the legislature was organized 
with unusual promptitude, this year, 
the election of Hon.. Edwin C. Bean 
of Belmont to the speakership of the 
House having been practically set- 
tled upon long before the time of 
meeting, and while he has been a 
ready and efficient presiding officer, 
and has also exerted his influence in 
behalf of a short session, as has Gov- 
ernor Spaulding himself, whose inau- 
guration was carried out with sim- 
plicity and expedition, the work of the 
session, as has been noted, has not 
been pushed as rapidly as had been 
hoped in some quarters and expected 
in others. The delay has been largely 
the result of counter purposes among 
the majority leaders, some being pri- 
marily intent upon pushing partisan 
measures, while others have regarded 
such course as unwise and impolitic; 



and as the day of caucus control has 
passed (whether fortunately or unfor- 
tunately) and individual members, to 
a considerable extent at least, insist 
upon acting in accordance with their 
own judgment, it is manifest that 
short sessions of the old-fashioned 
order are no longer to be looked for. 
Moreover, it has come to that, that 
there are now, practically, only about 
two and a half legislative working 
days in a week, and there is no more 
probability of changing this order of 
things than there is of a substantial 
reduction of the membership of the 
House, or a return to former methods 
in the nomination of party candidates 
for office. "The old order changes" 
— in some respects, though not in all. 
Whether for the better or not, it is not 
the present purpose to attempt to 
discover or determine. 

Portraits and brief biographical 
sketches of some of the men respon- 
sible for the legislation enacted or 
defeated- by the present General 
Court, are presented in the following 
pages. 



GOVERNOR SPAULDING 
While the Governor is the head of 
the executive department, he is also a 
prominent factor in legislation, as no 
bill can become a law except with his 
approval or over his veto. 

Rolland H. Spaulding came to the 
governorship with certain well -form- 
ulated notions as to what the state 
of New Hampshire needed and with a 
disposition to see that those needs 
were met. He is essentially a busi- 
ness man and believes that business 
principles should be applied to the 
administration of state affairs. These 
first few months of his administration 
have been devoted to putting his 
theories into practice and with the 
success those who knew his capabili- 
ties best, expected of him. 

Governor Spaulding was born in 
Townsend Harbor, Mass., March 15, 
1873, the youngest son of Jonas 
Spaulding, a lumber operator and 



The Xiic Hahipuhirc Legislature of 1913 



37 



manufacturer of fibre board. After 
graduation at Phillips Andover Acad- 
emy in 1803.. he entered into business 
with his father and two ..brothers. 
Eighteen years ago they .began the 
manufacture of fibre board at Milton, 
this state, and a few years later erected 
large plants at Rochester and North 
Rochester, still later adding another 
large plant of the same sort at 
Tonawanda, N. Y., all being con- 
ducted under the firm name of the 
J. Spaulding & Sons Company. The 
Governor has lived in North Rochester 
since the plant was built there. 

In a general way he has been since 
his majority a student of political 
affairs, as any successful business 
man and public-spirited citizen must 
be, but his first real taste of " practical" 
politics was at the legislative session 
of 1907, the year when the Spauld- 
ing-Jones bill, providing a charter for 
a dam at Reed's Ferry intended to 
develop water power for electrical pur-" 
poses, passed the House/ but was 
killed in the Senate. 

His experiences at that time made 
him sympathetic with the propaganda 
of the Progressive element of the 
Republican party and he entered 
heartily inter their reform movement, 
working with them until the split in 
1912. Then believing more good 
could be accomplished within the 
old party ranks, with customary in- 
dependence he elected to remain and 
became a leavening force, so dominant 
that all factions turned naturally and 
resistlessly toward him to lead back to 
power the regenerated party. 

His campaigns, both in the primary 
and election, were characteristic of 
his frank nature. Persuaded to be- 
come a candidate, he made his an- 
nouncement, then awaited with un- 
ruffled equanimity the expression of 
his party in the primary. Nominated 
by a decisive majority, he buckled on 
his armor and went forth to meet the 
people and tell them what he stood 
for and proposed to do, if elected. 
His message appealed to 46. 41 3 
voters, 12,739 more than Albert W. 



Noone, Democrat, was able to con- 
vince, and giving Mr. Spaulding a 
majority of S.71S over all opposition. 

Usually, the. two months between 
election and inauguration have been 
employed by successful candidates 
largely in recuperating from the stren- 
uosities of the campaign, with more or 
less desultory conferences with party 
leaders and selecting statistical ex- 
cerpts from reports to dull the inau- 
gural message. But the dispensation 
of 1915 had brought forth a different 
order of governor. Governor Spauld- 
ing's success in business has been due 
to knowledge of that business. He 
reasoned that in order to be a success- 
ful governor, he needs must know the 
business of being governor, and set 
about learning it immediately. 

So in the two months following 
election he visited every state insti- 
tution, dropping in upon them unex- 
pectedly. A keen observer, the gov- 
ernor derived much valuable informa- 
tion not to be gained by reading reports 
or at prearranged conferences. The 
result was that when he was inducted 
into office, Governor Spaulding was" 
the best informed executive along the 
needful lines ever inaugurated. 

Innovations are accepted easily by 
the governor. He even had his staff 
named and uniformed to heighten 
the color of the inauguration and add 
tone to the time-honored inaugural 
ball, so that the fluffy concomitants 
of a new administration, ordinarily 
extending over several weeks, could 
be cleaned up in one day, leaving 
him free to devote his time to the 
serious concerns of the state. 

When he consented to become a 
candidate, he mapped out a general 
plan. When he took office, he had this 
plan reduced to a workable basis, 
which he enunciated in his address to 
the legislature, instead of feeding them 
up on platitudes and figures. JIe 
told the legislators it was desirable 
to keep the expenditures within the 
amount the state can afford to spend 
and to have efficient officials spend 
that amount. To accomplish that 



\s 



T 'he ■Granite Month! 1 / 



end he favors concentration of power 
and related duties. Governor Spauld- 
ing recommended a single head to the 
highway department, a more effective 
board of control, consolidation of the 
banking and auditing departments 
and of the attorney-general and legacy 
tax departments, a reorganization of 
the license law department and com- 
pulsory supervision of schools. 

He had a commission authorized to 
work out a uniform scheme of muni- 
cipal finance and accounts, for the con- 
sideration of the next legislature. He 
recommended an amendment to the 
workmen's compensation law to make 
its operation as nearly automatic as 
possible and forced through a practi- 
cable solution of the problem of 
limiting campaign expenditures; the 
greater part of which varied program 
has been carried out or is in process 
of legislation at this writing. 

Some have not met with the favor 
of the legislature, but the Governor 
meets defeat and victory with the 
same smiles and keeps right on. seek- 
ing the one end of the good of the state 



as he sees it. 



W. E. W. 



George Irving Haseltox, Presi- 
dent of the New Hampshire Senate, 
was elected from the sixteenth sena- 
torial district and on the organization 
of the Senate he was the unanimous 
choice of the Republican senators for 
the office of president of that body. 

President Haselton is the only 
child of Henry I. and Emma Pk 
(French) Haselton and was born in 
Manchester July 19, 1878. He was 
educated in the public schools of his 
native city graduating from its high 
school in 1898, and after his gradua- 
tion was for a time in the employ of 
the Manchester Mills and Amoskeag 
Manufacturing Company. He after- 
wards studied law and in 1909 gradu- 
ated from the law school of the George 
Washington University at Washing- 
ton, D. C, receiving the degree of 



LL.B.. and since his graduation he 
has been engaged in the practice of 
law at Manchester. 

In 1903 he was married to Fannie 
L. Trenholm, who was born in Grand 
Pre, Nova Scotia, May 15, 1881, the 
daughter of Robert and Catherine E. 
(Mitchell) Trenholm, and they have 
one child. Mary Louise, born Novem- 
ber 24. 1907. 

Mr. Haselton is an attendant at- 
the Franklin Street Congregational 
Church. He is a past master of 
Lafayette Lodge, No. 41, Free and 
Accepted Masons; a member of the 
Mount Horeb Royal Arch Chapter; 
Adoniram Council; Trinity Com- 
mandery, Knights Templar; and Bek- 
tash Temple of the Ancient Arabic 
Order of the Mystic Shrine; also of 
the Sons of the American Revolution. 

As a young Republican he took an 
active interest in the politics of the 
Queen City and for four years, 1903-0, 
was a member of the Common Coun- 
cil, being president of that body 
during the last two years of his term. 
He was a member of the legislature of 
1911-12 and 1913-14 and in 1912 was 
a member of the Const it utior.al Con- 
vention. 

As the presiding officer of .the 
Senate, Mr. Haselton has made an 
enviable record, and it is the concen- 
sus of opinion that in the long line of 
eminent men who have presided over 
that body, efficiency and dignity have 
had no better example. 

President Haselton attracts con- 
fidence in his stability of action and 
deliberate fairness. While always a 
devoted and consistent Republican, 
he is well known for his advanced 
ideas of party progress and has never 
failed to advocate the measures of 
progress that have distinguished the 
Republican party of New Hampshire 
in the last decade. 

Future usefulness in party councils 
and endeavor are freely predicted at 
Concord for the popular and efficient 
President of the Senate. 






37 



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&M 



HON. GEORGE I. HASELTON 
President of the Senate 



40 



The Granite Monthly 



Ezra M. Smith, of Peterborough,' 
and a Republican member of the 
Senate from District Number 11, is 
a man of whom public life has seen 
a great deal. Born in Langdon in 
1S3S, Mr. Smith was educated at 
Cold River Union Academy and in 
the- law department of the Albany 
(New York) University. While prac- 
ticing his profession as a lawyer he 
has served as town treasurer for one 
year, justice of the police court nine 



portant judiciary committee and as a 
member of the committee on towns 
and parishes. In spite of his advanced 
years, Mr. Smith is a most active and 
well-preserved man and his speeches. 
carefully delivered in a strong, robust 
voice, are always welcomed and heed- 
ed on the floor of the senate chamber. 

Mr. Smith is married and has two 
children. He attends the Congrega- 
tional church and is an Odd Fellow 
and Patron of Husbandry. 






Hon. Ezra M. Smith 



years, has been a member of the school 
board for ten years and for twenty- 
three years served the town of Peter- 
borough as a member of the board of 
selectmen. He was elected as dele- 
gate to two constitutional conven- 
tions and as a member of the House 
of Representatives at the last six- 
sessions of the legislature, in which 
body no man has wielded a stronger 
influence for the good of the state. 

During his present term as senator 
he is acting as chairman of the im- 



Alvin J. Lucier, Senator from Dis- 
trict Number 20, has been a promi- 
nent figure in the legal profession and 
ju Democratic politics in Nashua for 
many years. He was born there June 
16, 1869, and educated in the Nashua 
public schools, St. Hyacinthe College 
and the Boston University Law 
School, graduating from the latter in 
1891, since when he has been in the 
practice of law in his native city, 
where he is a member of the well- 
known law firm of Dovle & Lucier, 



The New Hampshire Legislature of J 915 



41 



the senior partner, who is his brother-- 
in-law, beins; ex-Mayor Jeremiah J. 

Doyle. 

Senator Doyle's first legis'ative 
service Avas in 1907 when he was a 
member of the House of Kepresen- 
tatives from Ward 7, serving as a 
member of the judicial'}- and rules 
committees, and taking an active part 
in the work of the House. He served 
upon the special committee, appointed 
at this session to investigate the affair 
of Hillsborough County, out of which 



a minority member. Representing 

his district in the Senate again the 
present, session, he is assigned to >crv- 
ice on the judiciary, revision of laws 
and election committees, and is 
chairman of the committee on claims. 
He has taken an active part in the 
work of the session, his previous ex- 
perience in both branches of the leg- 
islature having fitted him for efficient 
service. 

Senator Lucier is a Catholic, is 
married and has three children'. He 



1 



feiq*-. 



Hon. Alvin J. Lucier 



investigation some practical reforms 
resulted. He was reelected to the 
House in 1800, served on the same 
standing committees, and enhanced his 
reputation as an efficient legislator. 

In the election of 1910 he was 
chosen senator from District No. 20, 
and was a prominent figure in the 
upper branch of the legislature of 
1911-12. serving as a member of the 
judiciary, labor, public improvements, 
state prison and industrial school 
committees, and as chairman of the 
committee on revision of laws, though 



is a member of the Derryfleld Club 
of Manchester, the Vesper Country 
Club of Lowell, the St. Jean Baptiste 
Society and the Knights of Columbus. 



Dr. Edgar O. Crossmax. Per- 
haps more interest in the personality 
of the members of the 1915 legislature 
when the session was new, centered in 
Senator Edgar O. Crossman of Lis- 
bon, representing the second district, 
than in any other member of either 
branch. Made a prominent figure in 
the state hospital imbroglio against 







DR. EDGAR O. CROSSMAN 



The Nexc Hampshire Legislature of 1915 



43 



his inclination 
without reason. 



aii'I. many believe, 
he had been the re- 



cipient of much publicity; some fav- 
orable, some not so much so. His 
appointment to the superintendeney 
of the state hospital after Dr. Charles 
P. Bancroft had been deposed by the 
Board of Control, turned the wrath of 
the pro-Bancroft faction against him 
and made him the mark of vitupera- 
tion that would have unnerved a thin- 
skinned man. But Doctor Grossman 
is used to the political game and if he 
was hurt by the unwarranted asper- 
sions on his standing as a psychiatrist, 
nobody could discover it in the im- 
perturbable senator who went about 
his business as if his name never had 
been coupled with ''intricate political 
intrigues" or other fantastic hallu- 
cinations. 

That is the dominant characteristic 
of Doctor Crossman. He has de- 
veloped the power of concentration 
and whether it be in private concerns, 
the practice of his profession, or in 
politics, he keeps his mind on the mat- 
ter in hand and knows every minute 
what he is doing and why. He is a 
shining type of the public-spirited 
professional man w r ho is keeping New 
Hampshire to the front as a progres- 
sive state. His fertile mind conceived 
the, state care of the insane, the board 
of control, the spirit of which sur- 
vives despite the change in name 
sought by the present legislature and 
was a prime mover in the creation of 
the board of charities and correction. 
He was a trustee of the state hospital 
fen years, being president when the 
board was abolished, and a member 
of the board of charities and president 
also of that. 

He was a member of the House of 
Representatives in 1903 and collector 
of internal revenue under Presidents 
R-oosevelt and Taft, has been medi- 
cal referee of Grafton County and 
prominent in national, state and 
county medical societies. Pie was 
born in Ludlow, Vt., June 8, 18G4, and 
was educated at the Xew Hampshire 
State College and University of Ver- 



mont Medical School. The founda- 
tion of his training in psychiatry was 
laid in the institutions at Clifton 
Springs, N. Y., and Markelton, Pa. f 
supplemented by his service as presi- 
dent of the board of trustees of the 
New Hampshire State Hospital, giv- 
ing him high standing as an alienist, 
as well as a general practitioner. He 
is chairman of the Senate Committees 
on public health and a member of 
education, public improvements, state 
Library, Soldiers' Home and roads, 
bridges and canals committees. 



' Hon. Nathaniel E. Martin, sena- 
tor from District Number Fifteen, is 
one of the Democratic leaders in the 
state, and as a senator has been an 
unqualified success. 

Senator Alar tin was born in Loudon 
August 9, 1855, and spent his youth 
upon his father's farm. Between 
chores he found time to attend the 
towm schools, later enrolling in the 
Concord High school from which in- 
stitution he graduated in 1876. Fol- 
lowing this he studied law with Sar- 
gent and Chase, being admitted to 
the New Hampshire bar in 1879. As 
a young man he took deep interest in 
the affairs of the city and of the state 
and in 1887 he was elected solicitor 
of Merrimack County, holding the 
office for two years. In 1899 he was 
elected mayor of Concord and his 
administration of the municipal af- 
fairs for the next two years was of the 
highest order. 

He has often been referred to as 
"The People's Lawyer," probably by. 
reason of the fact that no case has 
ever been too insignificaut or small 
for him to handle with the same de- 
gree of skill and care that he would 
exercise in a case where large issues 
were at stake. To this fact, in a 
great measure, is his popularity due. 
He has always been a hearty supporter 
of Democratic doctrines and has 
served as chairman of state and city 
committees. In 1904 he was a dele- 
Kate from this state to the National 



44 



The Granite Monthly 



Democratic convention at St, Louis 
and in 1912 he was a member of the 
Constitutional Convention. 

Aside from his extensive law prac- 
tice, Mr. Martin has found time to 
engage in lumbering operations and to 
deal considerably in real estate, of 
which he is an extensive owner. He 
is an ardent sportsman and is as much 
at home with a rod or gun as with a 
law brief. Pie has taken active in- 
terest in the affairs of the senate and 



Edwin C. Bean of Belmont, the 
speaker of the present House of Repre- 
sentatives, was born in Gilmanton on 

February 20, 1854. He was educated 
in the public schools of his native 
town and at Tilton Seminary. Leav- 
ing the preparatory school he entered 
business and soon located in Bel- 
mont, where he has been actively 
identified with the drug and general 
merchandise business. He is married 
and has three children. Pie attends 



.. ... ... '''■'■■ 



Hon. Nathaniel E. Martia 



is a member of the following com- 
mittees: Judiciary, military affairs, 
towns and parishes and chairman of 
the committee on state hospital. 

His professional calling has en- 
dowed him with the knowledge of how 
to make a convincing speech ; a " riuht 
to the point" speech in the fewest 
possible words and for this reason he- 
has been able to wrild an unmistak- 
able influence in the senate. He is 
affiliated with the Odd Fellowsand 
is a Patriach Militant. 



the P>ee Baptist church, is a Knight 
Templar and Scottish Rite Mason, 
a Knight of Pythias and a Granger. 
He is also a member and has been 
president of the New Hampshire 
Retail Grocers' Association. 

"Bean of Belmont" has always 
been more or less prominent in public 
life, having taken an active part in 
town affairs, serving as moderator, 
town clerk and postmaster and also 
having attended county, district and 
state committee conventions of his 



HS 



Fj~ '""■"■* "; 



' 



- 



HON. EDWIN C. BEAN 
Speaker of the House of Representatives 



46 



7 r A e . Gra n ite Monthly 



party. He re 



>res« 



fed his town in the 



legislature of 1SS7 and was a member 
of the state senate in 1901. As a dele- 
gate from this state he attended the 
National Republican convention of 
1004 and was an active member of 
the last state Constitutional Conven- 
tion. Mr. Bean served on the staff 
of the late Governor MeLane as an 
aide-de-camp with the. rank of Colo- 
nel. During the legislature of two 



House. He has filled the position 
with dignity and nothing but the 
greatest credit is his due for the quiet, 
yei forceful manner with which he has 
expedited the business of one of the 
largest governing bodies in the world. 



Levin J. Chase, Representative 
from Ward 3, Concord, is one member 
of the House who is always sure of an 
attentive audience when he arises to 





1 

1 














• 


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v ^. ■ 




• 




1 k 








V , 

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Levin J. Chase 



years ago, Mr. Bean was one of the 

most prominent members, being chair- 
man of the Republican caucus and 
also chairman of the committee on 
education, although he gave deep 
personal consideration to every other 
question of import which arose during 
the session, often speaking forcefully 
on matters in which he took an inter- 
est. 

Air. Bean was n o m i n a t e d for 
speaker of the House by the Repub- 
lican caucus this year, upon the first 
ballot, and was similarly elected in the 



speak. Two years ago he established a 
reputation as the most brilliant phrase 
coiner in the legislature and as a cogent 
reasoner on any subject in which he was 
interested enough to talk. This session 
he has easily maintained that reputa- 
tion. Curiously, two speeches stand 
out conspicuously in each session. His 
fame in the 1913 session would have 
been secured on his "gray squirrel" 
speech alone, but a little later he came 
through with his other gem on equal 
suffrage, a scintillantly" epigrammatic 
and bitinglv satirical dissertation, 



The New Hampshire Legislature of 1015 



47 



from whicjb some of the butts have not ^ 
recovered yet. 

This year he repeated on the suf- 
frage issue and to maintain the hu- 
manitarian equilibrium, he went out 
after the abolishment of capital pun- 
ishment when a Hillsborough county 
iury demonstrated that the existing 
law does not in reality do away with 
the death penalty. When Chase 
introduced his repeal bill, it was 
greeted with the same merry guffaws 
that met the gray squirrel measure, 
particularly by the Manchester con- 
tingent which was quite well satisfied 
with the jury's verdict. But just as 
he routed the coldly practical ob- 
jections by farmers who found only 
bare husks where nice yellow corn 
had been before the squirrels denuded 
the husks, by touching descriptions 
of the playful antics and graceful 
scurryings of the squirrels in the state 
house yard, this year he sent creepy 
sensations >hooting down legislators' 
spines by a harrowing recital of an 
execution he witnessed some aeons 
ago in California. While the thrill 
was on, the House passed the bill to 
the surprise and consternation of its 
opponents. 

Any bill that carries a reasonable 
humanitarian appeal finds the hearty 
support of Mr. Chase. His particular 
hobby is the state prison and it was 
due more to his insistent demand for 
a board of trustees for that institu- 
tion than anything else, that the com- 
promise board of control bill was 
framed, providing that there be a 
central board of ten members, with 
two designated to look after each of 
the five state institutions. 

Mr. Chase comes of old >s ew Hamp- 
shire stock, although he was born in 
Philadelphia, February 1, 1SG2. He 
was the son of Reginald and Susan 
(Stanwood) Chase, both natives of 
ITopkinton. He was educated in 
Philadelphia, but passed much of his 
youth in Hopkinton and he still owns 
the ancestral home in that village, 
which is situated near the Episcopal 
church, of which his grandfather, Rev. 



Moses B. Chase, was rector. In 1888, 
Mr. Chase went to San Francisco, 
where for eighteen years he was con- 
nected with the Wells Fargo Com- 
pany. He then returned east and 
since 1909 has been connected with 
the Concord Electric Company, first 
as cashier and now as manager. By 
inclination he is a Republican, though 
of an independent caste that impels 
him to weigh men and measures 
rather than the party label in deciding 
how he will vote. His political ene- 
mies, and he has quite a few, call him 
a psychological spot-lighter. His ad- 
mirers, and he has more, declare him 
a keen-visioned altruist. 



George H. Duncan, Representa- 
tive from Jaffrey, was born in Leo- 
minster, Mass., December 23, 1876, his 
parents moving to Jaffrey a fewmonths 
later. He attended the Jaffrey schools, 
graduated from the Murdock School 
at Winchendon, Mass., and entered 
Amherst College with the class of 
1899, being prevented from graduat- 
ing by the death of his father during 
the senior year. While in college 
he was member of the College Glee 
Club and the Track Team. Return- 
ing to Jaffrey lie took up his father's 
business as a druggist, which he has 
since continued. He was married in 
1900 and has one son thirteen years 
old. He is a member and past master 
of Charity Lodge of ■Masons and a 
member of the Grange. 

Mr. Duncan has been active in the 
life of the community, having served 
as selectman, tax collector, member 
of the school board, prosecuting agent, 
constable and justice of the district 
police court. For the past three years 
he has been president of the Jaffrey 
Board of Trade. Politically he is a 
Democrat, has been for ten years a 
member of the State Committee, and 
was a member of the Constitutional 
Convention of 1912. In the present 
House he is clerk of the Democratic 
caucus, clerk of the Revision of 
Statutes Committee, and member of 
the committee on House Journal. 



48 



The Granite Monthly 



He is an enthusiastic single taxcr, 
believing that only by raising funds 
for community expenditures by a tax 
on land in proportion to its value can 
economic freedom be gained. In 
connection with this movement he is 
secretary of the newly organized New 
Hampshire Single Tax Club. But 
before this important change in tax 
matters can be obtained,, he believes 
there must be political freedom. 
Consequently he is a strong supporter 



came up for consideration, he, as 
chairman of the committee on liquor 
laws, was brought prominently to the 
front. 

Mr. Garland was born in Parsons- 
field, Me.-, December 23, 1SG7. He 
was educated there in the common 
and high schools and at the present 
time is engaged in the general mer- 
chandise business. He is married, 
has four sons and a daughter and in 
religion is a Methodist. Pie has al- 






,y 



George H. Duncan 



John H. Garland 



of the initiative and referendum, 
and is secretary of the New Hamp- 
shire Direct Legislation League, a 
member of the Executive Council of 
the American Proportional Represen- 
tation League, and one of the advisory 
editors of Equity, which is devoted to 
these improvements in representative 
government. 



John H. Garland, who represents 
the town of Conway in the House at 
this session of the legislature is a man, 
large not only in stature but in men- 
tal capabilities and during the stirring 
scenes enacted in the House when the 
bill to abolish the present license law 



ways taken an active interest in town 
and state affairs, having been town 
clerk, selectman, supervisor, modera- 
tor and at the present is a trustee of 
the public library. This is by no 
means his first visit to Concord as a 
member of the state governing body 
for he was a member of the legisla- 
tures of 1905 and 1907. 



Olin H. Chase, editor and pub- 
lisher of the Republican Champion of 
Newport, is one of the young Repub- 
licans of the state who is and always 
has been ready to cast his lot with the 
element of his party which is com- 
monly called "standpat" and this 



The New Hampshire Legislature of 1913 



49 



sentiment he has never been ashamed 
io voice. He was born in Springfield, 
August 24, 1S7G. the son of Hosea 
B. and Evelyn- ft. (Kidder) Chase. 
Educated at the Newport High School 
he soon learned the printer's trade 
and has been editor and manager of 
the Champion for the past eleven 
years. He was a second lieutenant 
of Company M, First New Hamp- 
shire Volunteers in the Spanish 
War, and, following the war, was a 



Ira Leon Evans is not only one 
of the youngest,, but is one of the 

most energetic and successful business 
men of the Capital City, so it is not 
in the least surprising that Ward 
Four gave him more votes for repre- 
sentative than any other candidate. 
He has entered into his duties as a 
member of the House with the same 
characteristic thoroughness that has 
brought him success in the printing 
business as proprietor of the Evans 







Olin H. Chase 



[ra Leon Evans 



captain in the N. H. N. G. for five 
years. 

He has always been particularly 
active in advancing the welfare of 
his town and of the state. He has 
been a leading member of the New- 
port Board of Trade and of the State 
Board of which he was president in 
1912-13; has been town clerk for 
many years and is active in Masonry. 
He is a Congregationalist in religion. 
In the House he is a very active man, 
claiming membership on three com- 
mittees; public improvements, state 
hospital and rules. 



Press, although a portion of his bus- 
iness ability- and sagacity may have 
been inherited from his father, the 
late Ira C. Evans, at the time of his 
death one of the oldest, and best 
known printers in the state. 

Mr. Evans was born in Concord 
on July 14, 1884. and educated at 
the Concord High School. He is 
married, has a son and daughter, 
has served in the Second Regiment 
Band of the X. H. N. G. and that he 
is some "jiner" is evidenced by the 
following list of fraternal organiza- 
tions and clubs with which he is 



: 



-- ■''•«-; 



J! ■ "_'"'_^i:_: '•"-:,••■! 



major james f. brennan 



The Xew Hampshire Legislature of J9to 



51 



affiliated: Elks. Odd Fellows, He- 
bekahs, Knights of Pythias, D. O. K. 
K., Sons of Veterans, Typographical 
Union. White Mountain Travelers 
Association, Concord Board of Trade, 
Concord Press Club, Kearsarge Club, 
Contoocook River Improvement So- 
ciety and the N. H. Press Associa- 
tion. In the House he is a member 
of the committee on industrial school. 



James F. Brlxxax of Peterborough 
is the able leader of the minority or 
democratic party in the House and 
was that party's candidate for speaker 
this session. He was elected to the 
House for the first time two years ago, 
being the first democratic representa- 
tive from that town in sixty years; 
his popularity and ability returning 
him to the 1915 legislature by an 
increased majority. 

Major Brennan was born in Peter- 
borough, March 31. 1853, and. after 
graduating from Maryland University 
in Baltimore in 1884. he engaged in 
the practice of law in his native town 
where he has continued for over a 
quarter of a century gaining a large 
clientage and making a host of friends 
through his ability, geniality, enter- 
prise and public spirit. He has not 
only taken an active part on promot- 
ing the interests of his town, but he 
has grasped every opportunity to 
boost for Xew Hampshire. For six 
years, up until 1909, he was one of the 
three trustees of the Stare Library 
and is now a member of the State 
Board of Charities and Correction to 
which he was appointed in 1899. 
As a member of the legislature of 
1913 he gained a reputation as an 
eloquent and effective speaker of 
great resources and ready wit. He 
is a member of the judiciary, elections 
and rules committees of the present 
House. 

Major Brennan takes a great in- 
terest in historical matters and is a 
member of the Peterborough, Ameri- 
can-Irish and Xew Hampshire His- 
torical Societies, holding the position 
of historiographer in the first two 



named. He has long been prominent 
in the councils and on the stump for 
the democratic party, for many years 
being a member of the executive com- 
mittee of the state committee. He 
served as a member of the staff of 
Governor Felker. In religion he is a 
Catholic. 

Honest, able and aggressive, he is 
among the formulaters of public 
opinion. Urged to allow his name to 
be used as a candidate for high state 
offices, he has steadfastly refused; 
accepting no offices other than those 
from his own town and those in which 
he was especially interested in a 
charitable or literarv wav. 



Aristide L. PeJissier 



Aristide L. Pelisstp:r was one of 
three young Republicans who outdis- 
tanced their Democratic opponents in 
the representative contest in Ward 
Seven, Concord, at the November 
election. Although not exactly new in 
the political field, Mt. Pelissier is now 
serving his first term as a member of 
the state government. However he 
has been a member of the cit}' govern- 
ment of the Capital City, as a mem- 
ber of the city council from 1906 to 



The Granite Monthly 



1910 and as a ward alder man in 

Mr. Pelissier was born in Yamaska; 
Province of Quebec, October 13. 1S69, 
removing to] Concord as a young 
boy. He was educated in the public 
schools of Concord and at the Ottawa 
(Canada) College. At the present 
time he is engaged in the saddlery 
and harness business, with his uncle, 
at 9 Warren street. Concord. He is 
married and is a Catholic. 



may well be termed one of the most 
active men in that body. He is a 
thorough Democrat and is keenly alive 
to everything that is going on. A 
member of the two important com- 
mittees — state hospital and ways and 
means, he has plenty of opportunity 
to work, aside from on the floor of 
the House, and he takes every ad- 
vantage of the opportunity thus af- 
forded. 

He is a native of Concord, born 



I 






| 


« 


■ ! 

i 
! 

i 



William A. Lee 



Mr. Pelissier is affiliated with the 
Association Canado Americaine. the 
St. Jean Baptiste D*Ameriqu^ and 
the Catholic Order of Foresters. 
From 1907 to 1911 he was the head 
of the latter order in this state. He 
is an unassuming gentleman who has 
many friends in this city and in the 
state. He is a member and clerk of 
the committee on claims. 

William A. Lee, who represents 
Ward Eight of Concord in the House 



April 10, 1802. Following an educa- 
tion in the public schools he learned 
the plumber's trade and has been 
engaged for many years as a plumb- 
ing and heating contractor, with an 
office at 12 Center street. Mr. Lee 
married Josephine Keliey of North- 
field, Vt. r and they have one son. 
He is a Catholic in religion and is 
connected with, no fraternal organiza- 
tions. He has given much of his 
time in furthering the interests and 
looking after the welfare of the Capi- 



The New Hampshire Legislature of 1915 



53 



tal city, having served two years as 
a member of the common council, 
six years as an alderman and ten 
years as a member of the hoard of 
a.-sessors under the old charter. 



Henry B. Pairbaxks, one of the 
leaders of the Manchester delegation, 
was elected as a Republican from the 
third ward of the Queen City. He 
was born in Manchester on Oct. 10, 
1847, the son of Alfred G. Fairbanks. 



one man in the state can boast of. 
However, it is not alone through his 
vocation that Mr. Fairbanks is well 
known for perhaps even more people 
of the state know him either as com- 
mander of the famous military organ- 
ization, the Amoskeag Veterans, which 
position he lias held for seven years, 
or as department commander of the 
Patriachs Militant. The last posi- 
tion he has held for twelve years. He 
is also a Fast Grand of Wildey Lodge, 
1. 0. 0. F., a Red Man and a charter 



■I 
i 



■•■ 



Henry B. Fairbanks 



He was educated in the public schools 
of that city, graduating from the high 
school and entering the hardware 
business. He was with the Staniels 
Hardware Company for live and a 
half years and for two years with the 
John D. Varick Company. He later 
engaged in the stove business and for 
five years was a member of the firm 
of Fairbanks & Fulsom. 

Now, as an auctioneer, appraiser and 
real estate broker, he is one of the best 
known men in New Hampshire, he 
having gained through his business, 
as wide an acquaintanceship as any 



member of the Calumet Club of Man- 
chester. 

He has always taken a deep interest 
in the affairs of the city of Manchester 
and at one time served in the city 
council. He was a delegate to the 
state Constitutional Convention of 
1912 and was a member of the legisla- 
ture of two years ago. He is married 
and has one child. 

Mr. Fairbanks takes a hearty inter- 
est in the business of the legislature and 
has been very attentive to his duties 
as a member of the committee on 
Appropriations. 






. ... 









BENJAMIN W.vCOUCH 



.:, 



The New Hampshire Legislature of 19 to 



oo 



Benjamin W. (ouch of Ward 
Five, Concord, was born in this city, 
August 19, 1873. and educated at 
Concord High School. Dartmouth 
College and the Harvard Law School. 
lie went to the legislature first in 
1911 and at that time was made 
chairman of the important committee 
on judiciary. The voters of his ward 
sent him back to the legislature in 
1913 and although he was an earnest 
Republican. Mr. Couch was again 
made chairman of the judiciary com- 
mittee, a position which he filled 
with fairness and ability. His excel- 
lent record in the service of the state 
led to his appointment as a member 
of the State Board of Control under 
the Felker administration and it is 
not surprising that Mr. Couch is 
found at the head of the judiciary 
committee of the present legislature. 
He is one of the most logical speakers 
in the House and his concise, pithy 
arguments have put an end to many a 
lengthy debate during the present 
session. He has held many impor- 
tant municipal offices and is an active 
member of several local clubs. He 
is a Mason,- attends the Unitarian 
church and at the present time is 
engaged in the practice of law in 
Concord. 



Robekt M. Wright, Republican 
member of the House from Sanborn- 
ton, is the only son of Rev. Elisha.H. 
and xlrnbrosia (Morrill) Wright. Born 
October 31, 1877. on thefarm which has 
been owned in the Morrill family for 
morethan one hundred and twenty-five 
years, Mr. Wright has ever since made 
it his home. He is descended from good 
old New England parentage, claiming 
relationship on his mother's side with 
Henry Morrill, who settled in Hawke, 
now Danville, X. H., and with Abra- 
ham Morrill, who settled in Cambridge 
and Salisbury, Mass. and died in the 
latter place in 1662. On his father's 
side, he is a lineal descendant of one of 
the earliest of Colonial settlers, Henry 
Wright, who came to Dorchester, 
Mass., about 1634 and from there re- 



moved to Providence, R. I. He is a 
Son of the American Revolution on 
both sides of the family. 

Mr. Wright's early education was 
obtained in the public schools of 
Sanbornton. He attended Franklin 
High school, graduating in 1896 
after which he took a general course 
at New Hampshire College, grad- 
uating from the latter in 1900 
after an active four years. He was 
prominent in athletics at Durham, 
playing on the varsity baseball and 
football teams during his entire course. 



: ... . 



t 



Robert M. Wright 

He was a member of the Kappa Sigma 
fraternity. 

Upon graduation he taught in the 
public schools of Hilt and Belmont, 
N. EL, being principal of the grammar 
schools in the latter town. He was 
afterwards an instructor in the Stearns 
School for Boys at Hartford, Ct., 
and later engaged in business in Hill 
for a period of four years. Later he 
studied law in the office of Street er 
and Hollis at Concord and attended 
the Boston University Law school in 
1910. When Mr. Allen Hollis with- 
drew from the firm, Mr. Wright con- 



56 



The Granite Monthly 



tinned his studies with him and was 
admitted to the bar in 1912. Since 
that time he has boon engaged in the 
practice of law in the office of Allen 
Hoilis. 

In politics, he has always been a 
Republican. In 1905 he was elected 
chairman of the board of selection of 
Sanbornton, succeeding a chairman 
who had held the position for sixteen 
years. ' After a second year in that 
position he served three years as 



and a member of the Committee on 
Revision of Statutes, his practical and 
first-hand information as to the con- 
ditions in the " Little Republic.' 7 
coupled with his legal training, being 
exceedingly helpful in the work of 
those important committees. The 
fact that he retains his rural environ- 
ments and yet comes in contact with. 
city life daily while practicing law 7 in 
Concord, cannot help but be benefi- 
cial to his constituents. 









I 






.* _■ 



i 



Fred G. Smalley 



second member of the board. He was 
a member of the Constitutional Con- 
vention of 1912 and since 1910 has 
been chairman of the Republican 
Club of Sanbornton. 

On August 30, 1911, he married 
Nettie G. Straw of Hill and they have 
one son, Robert Morrill Wright, who 
was born December 2, 1913. He is 
a Mason and Patron of Husbandry. 

As a member of the present House 
Mr. Wright has taken an active part 
both in debate upon the floor and in 
the committee work. He is chairman 
of the Committee on Incorporations 



Fred C. Smalley, Republican 
member of the House from Ward 
Three, Dover, received the highest 
vote cast for representative in his ward 
on elect ion day last November. He is 
known in Dover as one of the " wide- 
awakes" and because of his active 
interests in everything pertaining to 
the welfare of the city has been elected 
to the city council on two different 
occasions and is now serving his third 
term as a ward alderman in the city 
government. 

Mr, Smalley was born at Shrews- 
bury, Vt. 7 on November 18, I860, and 



The New Hampshire Legislature of 1915 



01 



educated in the Green Mountain state 
at Black River Academy, Ludlow, Vt. 
He afterwards took a course in the 
Albany (N. Y.) Business College, en- 
tering into the monumental business 
shortly afterwards. Today he is en- 
gaged in the manufacture of granite 
and marble for monumental and build- 
ing purposes with places of business in 
Dover and Portsmouth. He also has 
large quarry interests in Milford, X. 
H., and Westerly, R. I. and owns a 
fine plot of farm land just outside the 
city of Dover which he has cultivated 
according to the latest and most ap- 
proved methods. 

Mr. Smalley is married and has two 
sons and two daughters. He attends 
the Unitarian church, is a Mason — 
lodge, chapter, council, commandery; 
belongs to the Knights of Pythias 
and the Royal Arcanum. He is. also 
a member of the Bellamy Club of 
Dover. 

Although deeply interested in the 
affairs of the state, Mr. Smalley has 
never been heard on the floor of the 
House except once and that was when 
he arose to endorse the passage of a 
resolution introduced for the purpose 
of expediting business. Asa member 
of the committees on Banks and En- 
grossed bills and as one of the leading 
men of the Strafford County delega- 
tion, Mr. Smalley manages to keep 
very busy while attending the ses- 
sions. 



reinlistment on June 12, 1802. On 
August 15, 1862, he was appointed 
Captain of K company which office 
he held when he was discharged on 
account of disability on November 2, 
1864. 

Many are the deeds of valor which 
are told of Colonel Sanborn, but none 
surpass in heroism Uiq incident which 
ac cured at the Siege of Wagner. The 



Col. True Sanborn, of Chichester, CoL True sanbom 

is not only the oldest member of the 
present House of Representatives, men of the Fourth were 



but he also stands out by reason of 
his prominent military record, which 
continued over a period of thirty 
consecutive years. Colonel Sanborn 
served with gallantry in the Civil War, 
enlisting on September 14, 1861, from 
Chichester as a member of Company 
I, 4th New Hampshire volunteers. 
On September 20 of the same year 
he was made second lieutenant. He 
was mustered out of service for a short 
period and was immediately appointed 
first Lieutenant of Company K upon 



heartbroken after months of 
One day when a detail of his 
was hard pressed, Captain 
waived his rank and leaving 
in his tent, seized a rifle att< 
the front line as a private 
order to lighten the detail 
the spirits of his command. 

Following the war, Capt 
born was actively identified 
state militia for years, here 
his title of Colonel. He wa 
Chichester on July 30, 1827 



vorn and 
the siege., 
company 
Sanborn 
bis sword 
[ went to 
soldier in 
and raise 

ain San- 
with the 

receiving 
s born in 
, and re- 



58 



The .Granite Monthly 



ceived a common school education. 
He has always been a farmer and has 
established considerable reputation 
as a surveyor, it being said, that no 
man in his section could estimate the 
value of a lumber lot closer than True 
Sanborn. He is a widower with six 
children. He attends the Methodist 
church. 

Colonel Sanborn is an active and 
popular member of the House in spite 
of his eighty-eight years. As is 
most befitting, he is a member of the 



ready to speak his mind on any one of 
the momentous questions that arise to 
be settled in the Hou«e. He fathered 
the bill to grant municipal suffrage 
to women of New Hampshire and his 
oratorical effort in behalf of the bill 
was none the less a masterpiece be- 
cause of the fact that the measure 
was defeated. He also has been given 
credit for defeating the proposed 
amendments to the present primary 
law which would have practically 
destroved it. As a member of the 



m 









i 



George A. Wood 



committee on military affairs and 
takes a deep inion->t in ike work of 
this committee. Several times he has 
filled the speaker's chair with dignity 
and abilitv during the sessioa. 



George A. Wood of Portsmouth, 
Ward Two. is one of the "big" men 
who represent old" St rawborry Bank" 
in the House of Representatives and 
he is big in physic-'d ps^mtmm as 
well as in mental ability. Mr. Wood 
is probably as well known as any mem- 
ber of the House and he is always 



committee on revision of statutes and 
also the committee on engrossed 
bills, he finds plenty to do in the com- 
mittee rooms and makes the most of 
his opportunity to thus serve the state. 

Mr. Wood was born in South 
Ac worth on August 24, 18G2, and 
received his early education there and 
at the Vermont Academy. He is 
married and has four children. 

Mr. Wood has also been active 
in municipal affairs and was alderman 
in the city of Portsmouth for two 
years. For many years he was Dep- 



The New Hampshire Legislature of 1915 



59 



uty Collector oi 
Portsmouth, co 



father, the late ( 



Internal Revenue at 
ameneing under his 
James A. Wood 
of Acworth, who teas lone: one of the 
prominent leaders of the Republican 
party in the State. His wife, Mary 
I. Wood, is well known as a leader in 
club life and in Equal Suffrage work. 

Harry K. Rogers is one of the 
three Democrats who represents the 
lively and interesting town of Pem- 



ing work. He is affiliated with the 
following fraternal organizations iu\d 
clubs: Patrons of Husbandry, Moose, 
Masons, Knights Templars, Shrin-ers, 
Suncook Club and Suncook Valley 
Fish and Game Association. He is 
president of the latter organization 
and as its head has done much toward 
the. propagation and conservation of 
fish and game in Merrimack county. 
He is a member of the House com- 
mittee on banks. 












r ._ k i 









Harry K. Rogers 

broke in the legislature of 1913. Liv- 
ing on the Pembroke side of the village 
of Suncook, he has ever been mindful 
of the welfare of his town and made 
a fine record during his three years as 
a selectman. 

He was born in Bow, May 11, 1886, 
and received his education in Pem- 
broke and at the Concord High School, 
graduating from Dartmouth with 
the class of ] 908. He is married, has 
one child and is a Protestant. At 
present he is well known throughout 
central New Hampshire as a whole- 
sale lumber man. being engaged in 
buying and operating woodlots. He 
also does considerable civil engineer- 



£ e-,. . 



Paul Labonte 

Paul Labonte is a solid substan- 
tial Democrat who represents the 
third ward of the town of Somers- 
worth, a solid substantial Democratic 
city where Republicans are as scarce 
as Progressives are today in the 
state. 

He was born in Canada, February 
10, 1877, and educated at Levis in the 
Province of Quebec. He conducts 
probably the largest grocery business 
in Somers worth, is married and a 
Catholic. 

Mr. Labonte has had as wide an 
experience in municipal affairs as 
any man in the state, having served 
his city as councilman, city clerk and 



If ' 



* ■!' 



I 1 



;...-.=. ■ •_'......■ - .;... .... 



HON. WILLIAM J. AHERN 



The New Hampshire Legislature of 19 to 



61 



mayor. 



Pie made a fine record while 



acting in the latter capacity. He is 
a member of the Elks, Eagles, A. C. 
A., G. O. F., U. S« J- B-, and A. F. 



William J. Ahern of Ward Nine, 
Concord, is now serving his tenth 
term in the House. He was born 
in Concord on May 19, 1S55, and 
following a public school education 
entered into politics where he has 
been prominent ever since. He has 
served as a county commissioner, 
deputy sheriff and jailer and has 
long been the efficient secretary of 
the State Board of Charities and Cor- 
rections. Mr. Ahem is a member 
of the committee on appropriations 
and of the committee on rules in the 
House this year and is one of. the 
strong leaders of the minority party. 
He is considered the best parliamen- 
tarian in the House and has straight- 
ened out many a seemingly hopeless 
tangle through his" intimate knowledge 
of the rules of procedure. 



Frankltx Pierce CrRTishadserved 
the interests of Ward Two, Concord, 
so successfully as a member of the 
legislatures of 1911 and 1013 that the 
citizens of ^Eastside" returned him 
to the present House. He is actively 
interested in the development of 
agriculture in the state and probably 
for this reason takes an even deeper 
interest in the work of the committee 
on agricultural college than he would 
otherwise. He is also a member of the 
state library committee. 

Born February 12, 1856, the son of 
the late George H. and Harriett 
(Lougee) Curtis, he was educated in 
the public schools and by private 
tutors. His parents having moved 
to East Concord when he was but a 
year old, Mr. Curtis as a young man 
became interested in the affairs of 
that section of the city and through 
his work as a newspaper reporter 
and correspondent was able to keep 
in close touch with every phase of 
life in Ward Two. Always a Demo- 



crat, he has been ward clerk for over 
twenty years; has been a supervisor 
of the checklist for two terms and has 
also represented his ward in the city 
government as an alderman for two 
terms. 

He is affiliated with several frater- 
nal organizations, attends the Con- 
gregational and Episcopal churches 
of his ward and for the last two years 
served as clerk of the Concord dis- 
trict police court. 





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- 




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IIw7f 








V?} 








- 



i'k,-. 



m 



Frank P. Curtis 



Charles W. Tobey of Temple is 
the leading Progressive member of 
the House of Representatives and a 
young man whose pleasing personality, 
comprehensive power of reasoning 
and forceful arguments have gained 
for him many friends. He always has 
an attentive audience when he takes 
the floor to speak and whether he be 
arguing the popular or unpopular 
side he holds the members' attention 
until he is through. No one thinks 
for Tobey. That fact is evident to 
anyone who enjoys his acquaintance, 
even for the short space of an hour. 

He was particularly successful 
early in the session in his fight to 



02 



The . Gra n ite Monthly 



have the Soistth Side highway go over 
Temple mount-tin. where it was 
originally laid out by the Felker 
administration, and his triumph over 
the strong opposition which wanted 
the location changed, was a particu- 
larly noteworthy one. 

Mr. Tobey was born in Roxbury, 
Mass, on July 22, 1880, and was edu- 
cated in the Boston public schools 
and in the Roxbury Latin school. He 
is a farmer who specializes in the rais- 



during the present session of the 
House, he having argued strongly on 
the floor against the bill to do away 
with compulsory vaccination and 
having done much work in favor of 
the car stake bill which passed the 
House. He also did considerable 
work in behalf of the single-headed 
fish and game commission and has been 
not only a regular, but an interested 
attendant upon all sessions. 

Mr. Huckins was born in New 






T 



-•». ■■ .. ■; 



Charles W. Tobey 

ing of poultry; is married and has 
four children. In religion he is a 
Baptist. Mr Tobey has been ac- 
tively interested In the affairs of 
the town of Temple, being a selectman 
and chairman of the school committee. 
In the House he is a member of the 
committee on revision of statutes. 



John C. Huckins, of Ashland, is a 
young Progressive member of the 
House, whose name must he added to 
that honorable list of successful Xew 
Hampshire -physicians who have been 
public-spirited enough to give a part 
of their valuable time to the needs of 
the body politic. Mr. Huckins has 
been quite a little in the limelight 




John C. Huckins 

Hampton on December 24, 1878. He 
was educated at the New Hampton 
Literary Institution and graduated 
from the Baltimore Medical College 
with the class of 1904. He practices 
as a physician, is a Protestant and a 
member of the various state and 
county medical societies. He is affili- 
ated with the Odd Fellows and the 
Knights of Pythias. Mr. Huckins is 
married and has one son. 

Aside from his interest in the affairs 
of state, he has been a prominent 
figure in town affairs at Ashland, is 
now serving his second term as select- 
man. He is a member of the House 
committees on public health and 
school for feeble-minded. 



The New Hampshire Legislature of 1915 



03 



Bertram Blaisdsll of Meredith 

is one of the Democratic minority in 
the House and a man who has gained 
considerable prominence at this ses- 
sion by reason of the active interest 
he has displayed in the work of the 
judiciary committee, of which he is 
a member, and also in the general 
work of the House. 

Born in Meredith on April 13, 1869, 
the son of Philip D. and Jane Leavitt 
Blaisdell, he attended the public 
schools of his native town and pre- 
pared for college at Tilt on Seminary. 



two children and is a member of the 
Congregational church. 

Under the administration of Gov- 
ernor' Felker, Mr. Blaisdell was ap- 
pointed special justice of the Laconia 
District court, which included in its 
jurisdictions the city of Laconia and 
the towns of Meredith, New Hamp- 
ton.. Gilford and Center Harbor. As 
police court justice he gave the great- 
est possible -satisfaction, being pos- 
sessed of the faculty of tempering 
justice with clemency to just the 
proper degree. 



j& 







Bertram Biaisdell 

He graduated from Brown University 
with the class of 1S92 and was prin- 
cipal of Meredith High school for 
three years following his graduation. 
He then took up the study of law 
with the Hon. S. W. Rollins, and fol- 
lowing his admittance to the bar in 
1897 he opened an office in Meredith 
where he still continues to practice. 

He has been very active in town 
affairs and at the present time is 
chairman of the school board. He 
has served as a trustee of the Mere- 
dith Village Savings bank and is a 
member of Chocorua Lodge, Xo. 83, 
A. F. and A. M. He is married, has 



,-,!< 



George I. Leighton 



George I. Leigeiton, representa- 
tive from Ward Two, Dover, is one of 
the most popular men of that city, as 
is evidenced by the fact that he re- 
ceived by far the highest vote of any 
of the six candidates from his ward. 
Always a steadfast "Republican, Mr. 
Leighton has previously served his 
party and city as a delegate to the 
Constitutional Convention of 1902 
and as a member of the House of Rep- 
resentatives in 1907. 

Porn and educated in Vermont, a 
barber by trade, but also proprietor 
of a modern restaurant in the city 
of his adoption, Mr. Leighton is 






I 



HON. JAMES (). LYFORD 



The New Hamrpshire Legislature of 1915 



65 



married, is a .-Protest ant and among 
the fraternal organization?, is a Mason, 
Knight of Malta and Red Man. 

Ln the present session he is serving 
as a member of the committees on 
railroads and claims. 



Hox. James O. Lyford, Represen- 
tative from Ward Four, a loading fig- 
ure in the Republican party of New 
Hampshire for many years, and an 
active member of the House in this 
and previous sessions, is a native of 
Boston, Mass.. born June 28, 1853, 
but removed to Canterbury in early 
life, where he passed his childhood 
and youth. He was educated in the 
public schools and at Tilton Semi- 
nary, studied law, but entered jour- 
nalism and political life, in which he 
has been active and conspicuous. 
He was a delegate from Canterbury 
in the Constitutional Convention of 
1876, and from Ward Four, Concord 
in those of 1902 and 191 2 ; and repre- 
sented the latter also in the legisla- 
tures of 1893, 1895, and 1897, serv- 
ing on the Judiciary Committee, as 
during the present session, and tak- 
ing a prominent part in both com- 
mittee work and debate. He wa< 
Chairman of the State Bank Com- 
mission from 1887 to 1895; City 
Auditor of Concord from 1896 to 
1898 and U. S. Naval Officer at the 
port of Boston from 1898 to 1913. 
He is married, has one son, is a Uni- 
tarian and a member of the Wono- 
lancet Club and Capital Grange of 
Concord, of the Algonquin and City 
Clubs of Boston, and. the Derryfield 
Club of Manchester. 

James E. French of Moulton- 
borough is now serving his eleventh 
term as a member of the House of 
Representatives. In fact he has be- 
come so much of a " fixture " in the 
House that delegations of school 
children visiting the legislature with 
their teacher, always ask to have 
"Jim" French pointed out to them. 
Until a Democratic administration 
drove him to a second place last year 



he had always headed the committee 
on appropriations, and so it is not sur- 
prising that, with the "G. O. P." 
back in the saddle in the Granite 
State, Mr. French is again directing 
the affairs of this important com- 
mittee as its chairman. Aside from 
his experience in the House he has 
served one term in the senate and was 
a delegate to the constitutional con- 
vention of 1912. He was collector 
of internal revenue from 1889 to 
1893 and a railroad commissioner 
from 1S79 to 1883.* 




Dr. Ervin W. Hodsdori 

Ervin W. Hodsdox, M. D., Repub- 
lican representative from the town 
of Ossipee, was born there on April 
8, 1863, the son of Edward P. and 
Emma B. (Demerritt) Hodsdon. He 
was educated in the schools of his 
native town, at Dover High School, 
Phillips Exeter Academy and gradu- 
ated from Washington University at 
St. Louis, Mo. in the class of 1884, 
with the degree of M. D. 

Following his graduation he was 



For portrait, see page 35. 



60 



The Gran lie Monthly 



interne in the City Hospital at St. 
Louis for two years after which lie 
went to Dover where he engaged in 
practice. Later he removed to Center 
Sandwich and after wards to Ossipee, 
where he has lived for the past 
nineteen years. 

Doctor Hodsdon, like innumerable 
other New Hampshire physicians, 
has found time to assist in the man- 
agement of town and state affairs. 
In Ossipee he lias taken an active 
in ceres t in the development of the 
town and is at the present time chair- 
man of the board of selectmen. For 



Grange, A. O. U. W., Knights of 
Pythias, New Hampshire Medical 
Society and American Medical Asso- 
ciation. In the House he is chairman 
of the committee on state hospital 
and a member of the committee on 
public health. He is the father of the 
bill making provision for the parole 
of insane patients. Doctor Hodsdon 
is seldom heard on the floor in debate, 
preferring to do his work, and he 
accomplishes a great deal, in the com- 
mittee rooms. Ossipee would do well 
to return Doctor Hodsdon to the legis- 
lature two vears hence. 



;■' "' 




John G. M. d-ssner 



twelve years he was a member of the 
school committee and has been town 
clerk. For seventeen years he was 
postmaster and has been a member of 
the board of health ever since he has 
been in the town. He also held the 
position of medical referee for Carroll 
County for a period of ten years and 
is physician to Carroll County farm. 

Doctor Hodsdon is unmarried, is 
a Methodist and affiliated with the 
following fraternal organizations: Im- 
proved Order of Red Men. Masons, 



Joiix G. M. Glessner represents 
Bethlehem in the House of Represen- 
tatives and that he really does repre- 
sent the entire town, Republicans, 
Democrats and Progressives alike, is 
quite evident when one learns that 
he received 174 votes and four other 
unwilling candidates divided up fifteen 
scattering votes among themselves 
for representative at the last election. 
The fact that he was born in Chicago 
in 1.871 ^ il( i was educated at Harvard 
in no way counts against John Gless- 



The New Hampshire Legislature of 1915 



67 



ner iii Bethlehem, for the rural popu- 
lation and the transient hay fever 
guests alike proclaim him to be a far- 
seeing, generous and public-spirited 

citizen. 

He is the owner and manager of a 
large country estate in the famous 
little mountain town of hotels; is 
married and has four children. He 
owns considerable property in Beth- 
lehem which he is always improving 
in one way and another, always seek- 
ing to benefit his fellow townsmen. 

He is the chairman of the Repub- 
lican caucus and directed the speak- 
ers' bureau for the Republican State 
committee in the campaign of 1914. 
For these reason? he is widely known 
aside from the fact that he is a mem- 
ber of this legislature and that of two 
years ago. A most unassuming gentle- 
man, he is seldom heard on the floor of 
the House and rarely, if ever, speaks 
in debate. 

There is no busier man in the House 
than he, however, for he is clerk of 
the important judiciary committee, 
one of the most exacting positions that 
falls to the lot of any member. Two 
years ago he was a member of the 
committees on appropriations and 
forestry and chairman of the special 
committee on cross-state highways. 

Mr. Glessner's friends, and he has 
a host of them in the state, expect 
that a term in the Senate may be 
followed a few years from now with 
the announcement of his candidacy 
for the highest office of governor. 



Charles E. Tilton, member of 
the present legislature from the town 
of Tilton which was so named in 
honor of his father, the late Charles 
E. Tilton, is serving his second term 
as representative and is a member of 
the important judiciary committee. 
He was born in Tilton, May 6, 1887, 
received his education at St. Paul's 
School, Concord, Harvard Univer- 
sity and Massachusetts Institute of 
Technology and is a member of the 
Harvard, Technology and Univer- 
sity clubs; he is also a thirty-second 



degree Mason. He is married, has 
one son, and in religion is an Episco- 
palian. 

In politics a Democrat, Mr. Till on 
has figured prominently, for in 1912 
he was made a presidential elector, 
was elected to the state legislature 
at the same time and was elevated 
to the rank of Major on the staff of 
Governor Felker. He has also served 



I i 



Major Charles E. Tilton 

as clerk of the Democratic state con- 
vention and chairman of the Belknap 
County delegation. Mr. Tilton is 
one of the youngest members of the 
House, and although he is not often 
heard on the floor, he takes the closest 
interest in the welfare of his constit- 
uents and of the commonwealth. 

Hexry W. Keyes won his election 
to the House of Representatives from 
the town of Haverhill as a straight 
Republican, nothing more, and al- 
though no member of the legislature 
has more at heart the welfare of the 
state than he, it is seldom if ever that 
his voice is heard on the floor of the 
House in debate. A member of the 



6S 



The. Granite Monthly 



important committee on appropria- 
tions, his keen intellect and sound 
judgment is here deeply appreciated. 
Mr. Keyes has long been in public 

life in the state, having served for ten 
years. 1903-13, as a member of the 
license commission, with Cyrus Little 
of Manchester and Judge .John Kivel 
of Dover. His friends arc even now 
insisting that his wide knowledge of 
the inner workings of this important 
commission would make him a most 
valuable man to the state as a member 
of the new commission which is soon to 



suits, his beautiful farm at Haverhill 
being one of the show places of the 
township, Mr, Keyes has a variety of 
other business interests being a di- 
rector of the Connecticut and Pas- 
sumpsie Railroad and vice-president 
of the Nashua River Paper Company. 
He is married and is a Mason and a 
Patron of Husbandry. 

No man can claim a more heartfelt 
interest in the affairs of his town than 
Mr. Keyes has in Haverhill where he 
has served many terms as a selectman. 
Anything that tends for the better- 






Hon. Henry W. Kejes 



be appointed by Governor, Spauldmg. 
Mr. Keyes was burn rn the neigh- 
boring state of Vermont, which com- 
monwealth has given the Granite 
State a great number of men who 
became prominent in public life. 
The town of his birth was Newbury 
and the date, May 23, IS63. He was 
educated in the Boston public schools, 
at Adams Academy and at Harvard 
College, graduating from the laitei 
institution with the class of 1887. 
Although engaged in agricultural pur- 



n\cni of agricultural conditions, either 
in his section or any part of the state 
elicits the entire sympathy of this 
Haverhill farmer and he has served 
as a trustee of the State Agricultural 
college at Durham. Aside" from his 
ten-years' term of service as a license 
commissioner, Mr. Keyes was a repre- 
sentative to the general court in 1S91 
and 1893 and a senator in 1903. 

He is a man of marked personality 
and endowed with large mental abil- 
ity. As a business man he has shown 



The Nc\>: Hampshire Legislature of 1915 



69 



Hire judgment and as a public serv- 
ant be has acted in a most creditable 
manner which coma not have been 
but a credit and honor io his constit- 
uents. In fact, many of his friends 
see in him 



strong gubernatorial 



candidate to head the Republican 
party in 1916. 



land Academy and president of the 
People's Trust Company. He has 
been commissioned on several occa- 
sions to represent the town in affairs 
of state, being a member of the 
legislature in 1875-76 and 1.913 and 
delegate to the Constitutional Con- 
vention in 1012. On December 11. 



Thomas P. Waterman's popularity 

as a candidate for the House of Repre- 
sentatives from the town of Lebanon 
is well attested by the fact that he 
received more votes than any of the 
other nine candidates. Although his 
voice is seldom heard on the floor in 
debate, he is faithful in attendance 
and is careful to throughly under- 
stand every measure before he is 
called upon to vote. He is a member 
of the House committee on Banks. 

Mr. Waterman,, a descendant of 
Silas Waterman, one of the first set- 
tlers of Lebanon, was born in that 
town on December 10, 1843, the son 
of Silas and Sarah (Wood) Waterman. 
He was educated at Kimball Union 
Academy, Meriden, and has been 
engaged in the manufacture of lum- 
ber all of his- life. He is a Congrega- 
tionalist and among the fraternal 
orders with which he is affiliated are: 
Masons, Lebanon Grange, Patrons of 
Husbandry, the Mascoma Valley Po- 
mona Grange and the Langdon Club 
of Lebanon. 

He has always taken the greatest 
interest in the town of his birth, hav- 
ing served as selectman for fifteen 
years, chairman of the school board 
for three years, public library trust ee. 
chairman of the trustees of the Rock- 



m 



Thomas P. Waterman 



1886, Mr. Waterman was united in 
marriage with Miss Rosamond Wood. 
Although a man of advanced years, 
Mr. Waterman has kept fully abreast 
of the spirit of the times and was glad 
to register his vote in the House in 
favor of the abolishment of capital 
punishment, the prohibition measure 
and woman's suffrage. 






THE LIBBY MUSEUM OF WOLFEBORO 



On the shore of Tuftonboro Bay 
in- Lake \yinnipesaukee, there stands 
a unique institution. The thought 
of establishing the museum at Wol'fe- 



. 



Dr. Henry F. Libby 

boro has been maturing since lOOO, 
The structure is of concrete, 120 feet 
long by 40 feet in width. 

Few New England communities can 
boast as complete an institution for 
the preservation, study and perpetua- 
tion of the flowers and native animals 
of the Northland as is possessed by 
the little town of YYolfeboro, N. H 
where the Libby Museum has been 
built and maintained by Dr. Henry 
F. Libby, who is retiring from the 
practice of dentistry at 300 Common- 
wealth Avenue, Boston that he may 
follow more closely his lifelong interest 
in natural historv. Inside the mu- 
seum there is already a remarkable 
collection of birds, animal*, itw^ts, 
and the vegetable specimen- o! the 
region. Doctor Libby has dwovcml 
a new method of mounting the*maii<?r 



objects which is a distinct improve- 
ment over the old, ones. This in- 
vention has been adopted by Har- 
vard University for mounting the 
Blaschka Glass flower models. The 
chief characteristic of this mount is 
that it will not shrink, swell or dis- 
color. It is absolutely white and is 
homogenous, having an egg-shell gloss. 
Specimens may be wired upon it with 
ease, such as minerals, grasses, flowers 
and even feathers. Last but not least 
of its merits is in the use of a common 
lead pencil for writing any text or 
classification that is required. All 
errors in spelling or wording may be 
corrected by erasing the markings 
with a penknife, or any change may 
be made without injury to the mount. 
The graphite of the pencil becomes 
absolutely permanent, as has been 
proven during the last eighteen years. 
Another invention is a sealed, glass 
cylinder, for holding bird skins, which 
promises to preserve the color of the 
-kins, and keep them absolutely safe 
from parasites, but the most valuable 
advantage would be for school pur- 
poses, as the cylinders could be 
handled, without injury. 

The museum is designed primarily 



Dr. Libby's Museum 

to show the fauna and flora of New 
Hampshire. The space is not too 
small in this building for the complete 
fulfilment of the purpose. There is 



The Libby Museum of Wolfeboro 



71 



plenty of space for such progressive 
changes as may seem expedient in 
the future. A small arboretum is 
under way, also as a corollary to the 
main enterprise, intended for trees 
indigenous to New Hampshire. There 
are several acres of ground about the 
museum, and a clearing has been 
made for the planting of new trees 
and shrubs. One tract is stocked 
with white pine seedlings, of which 
24,000 have been planted in the 
last eight years. The collector i* in- 
terested in the promotion of forestry 
study. 

During the last two years Doctor 
Libby has been making an exhaustive 
study of comparative animal appen- 
dices and comparative dentition. The 
purpose of this study, has been to 
learn what are nature's efforts in 



maintaining or eliminating the appen- 
dix and needless teeth by specimens 
of herbivorous, carnivorous and hu- 
man types, and he is well prepared to 
illustrate the needs or uselessness of 
these organs. In association with 
other progressive movements he ha.s 
deemed it wise to open the museum 
and its grounds free to the public, 
without the care of a custodian, as he 
has unbounded faith in the honesty 
of humanity. 

Doctor Libby is a Bostonian by 
adoption. He was bom in Tufton- 
boro, and had his first apprenticeship 
in dentistry at Wolfeboro. Later he 
went to the Harvard Dental School. 
He bought the Wolfeboro estate in 
1881 where he now resides. He is a 
member of the present legislature from 
Wolfeboro. 



"THOU SHALT NOT KILL" 

By Stewart Everett Rowe 

As through this changeful world we live our day, 

In gladness, sadness, doubts and fears and tears, 
One friend is always near to lead the way, 

And stand by us through all the passing years. 
The Bible is that friend, that friend in need, 

That on all things has something good to say, 
Something that is the rarest gem, indeed, 

That ever sparkled in the light of day. 

"Thou Shalt Not Kill'' — It speaks in accents thrilled, 

Yet in all ages and in all earth's lands, 
Warm, human blood has countless times been spilled, 

By brutal, cold, relentless human hands. 
And e'en the law, so upright and so just, 

Has many times ignored the Bible's cry, 
And bent itself, as would one filled with lust, 

When it has told a human life to die. 



Oh, man! Oh. law, pray heed the Good Book, grand, 

5 Tis not for you to take away sweet life; 
Leave that to Him who guides and rules the land, 

Who stills and scatters each and ev'ry strife. 
"Thou Shalt Not Kill!" Write that in letters deep 

Upon your mind and heart, yes, let it fill 
Your being; those are words that ne'er should sleep: 

"Thou Shalt Not Kill!" mankind, "Thou Shalt Not Kill!" 



m 



THE NORTH CONWAY MOUNT KEARSARGE 

By Ellen McRoberts Mason 



The condition arising from a re- 
cent decision of the United States 
Geographical Board of Washington, 
as to the name of a certain widely 
known New Hampshire mountain, 
seems analogous to the one set be- 
fore Samantha Allen when she told 
Josiah that she had written a book 
which would change public opinion 
on the subject of Woman Suffrage: 
Josiah said, "But who is going to 
read the book? I am not going to 
pay out money to hire folks to read 
your book!" 

The Geographical Board has ruled 
that the mountain which Abraham 
Lincoln's Secretary of the Navy de- 
clared to be "unquestioDably the 
finest mountain in New Hampshire," 
Mount Kearsarge, shall hereafter be 
known as Mount Pequawket. 

But who is going to call it Mount 
Pequawket? The people who live in 
the whole East Side White Mountain 
region, whose forefathers for genera- 
tions have lived and died here, those 
people have never themselves called, 
or heard their stately mountain called 
Pequawket — unless indeed in good- 
natured ridicule of the attempt by 
residents in the neighborhood of the 
Merrimack County Kearsarge Moun- 
tain to rename the already thoroughly 
satisfactorily named Carroll County 
Mount Kearsarge. 

An ardent advocate of this change 
of name wrote in April, 1S76 — for 
this is a very old story—that "the 
debate concerning the name of the 
mountain in Carroll County has arisen 
perhaps in part from a desire of the 
inhabitants in that section now an- 
nually visited by hundreds of people, 
to give notoriety to the eminence on 
which they look with so much ad- 
miration. " 

Whether or not anything is being 
hinted at in this, is not for us to say, 
but very certainly the stately North 



Conway Mountain has been regarded 
by "the inhabitants of the section" 
with heightened feelings of fond loy- 
alty, since the memorable victory of 
the United States Ship Kearsarge in 
her engagement with the cruiser 
Alabama in 1864. Very certainly, 
too, this historic bit, a worth-while 
memory-gem, has lent added interest 
to 'the sight seeing of some of the hun- 
dreds of people annually visiting the 
whole country-side. 

Why should the name be changed? 
Obviously not in the pursuit of hap- 
piness, as the Hogans assert their 
efforts to change their name to 
Homan, is being made — unless per- 
haps the Merrimack County residents 
would be happier in having at last 
succeeded in changing the cherished 
name of our local Fujiyama, foisting 
on the venerable summit an appella- 
tion that would brand the Pequawket 
dwellers with a more indelible mark 
of illiteracy than perhaps they really 
deserve. For "Pequawket, in the In- 
dian tongues, varying in pronuncia- 
tion in different Indian dialects, and 
assuming infinite varieties of spelling 
in English-American writing, means a 
plain, or chared, open land, suitable 
for cultivation." In this section, the 
name was definitely given to the Saco 
meadows of Fryeburg, Maine, and 
those of Conway, New Hampshire, 
the adjoining town. 

Frederick Kidder in his Lovewell's 
Fight, says that the word "Pequaw- 
ket' 7 is from peque or pequa, crooked; 
auk, place— the final et or it, having 
the force of a preposition, in, to or at; 
that the term is descriptive of the 
extraordinary bend of the Saco river 
at Fryeburg. The Indian tribe that 
lived and fished and hunted, and had 
their headquarters there, were called 
after the locality, i. e., the Pequa wket 
Indians. Our local Grange is felic- 
itously named Pequawket Grange 



The North Cornea y Mount Rear surge 



and the grangers think they have 
proved they possess poetic apprecia- 
tion in choosing, for an agricultural 
organization,, a title which means 
cultivable land! 

The humble scribbler of these lines 
lays no claim to knowing anything of 
Indian dialects, but she had a friend, 
the late Rev. Benjamin Durgin Last- 
man of North Conway, who spent 
"much study on them, and he said the 
name, Kearsarge, is compounded from 
the names of the sun, Kesus, or the 
moon, Keshan-, heaven, Keshuk: Ke- 



childhood days from lips of parents 
and grandparents. The name they 
gave, shall live. Civilization is too 
far advanced to cast off names so rich 
in meaning, in memory, and forever 
glorious in the glorious surroundings 
of North Conway. Thy name shall 
be what it is, Kearsarge, forever. 
Amen." 

In 1816, Philip Carrigain, the then 
New Hampshire Secretary of State, 
made a map of New Hampshire on 
which his designation of the North 
Conway Kearsarge mountain was 






■r"..'' 1 '■*.' ■-"'': 



Mount Kearsarge from Diana's Bath North Conway 



sus, was the chariot of Ke-sha-mon- 
e-doo, the Great Spirit, the ruler of 
lesser gods, and of the universe. 

Air. Eastman, in the autumn of 
1880, on the moot topic of the Indian 
name, wrote impassionedly: "Oh, Ke- 
he-sa-he-gee in the door of the sky ; 

First to welcome rays of light; 
First the sunbeams to invite. 

We have always called thee Kear- 
sarge. that still shall be thy name, we 
will not divorce thee from one that 
looks upon thee with smiles of earliest 
day, and round thy seat all day doth 
linger. Thy name shall remain Kear- 
sarge forever. We heard it in our 



"Pigwacket formerly Kearsarge "; 
but nobody in the region would call 
it "Pigwacket." And so it went on 
for years; guide-book writers and 
map-makers generally ignored Pig- 
wacket or Pequawket, and wrote " Kiar- 
sarge," "Kearsarge" or "Kyarsarge" 
indiscriminately. In 186! the New 
Hampshire Legislature passed an act- 
chartering "a road from Kearsarge 
Village in Carroll County, to the top 
of Kearsarge mountain.' 7 

And in 1876 and 1877, the Appa- 
lachian Mountain Club took active 
measures to finally decide on a per- 
manent name for the Carroll County 
mountain, and Messrs. Charles E. 



74 



The Granite. Monthly 



Fay, W. G. NoweO. and John Worces- 
ter, were appointed a committee to 

investigate the records of tradition 
as well as historical records, whereby 
argument might he found to support 
a choice of name. All this time, 
residents in the vicinity of the Merri- 
mack Count}' Kearsarge had claimed 
that "the only and original Kear- 
sarge/ 7 was theirs. At the June 
meeting of the Appalachian Club in 
3S77,*this committee submitted their 
report, the gist of which is in a depo- 
sition from its closing paragraph: 
that there are two mountains in New 
Hampshire named Kearsarge; that so 
far as they were able to judge, '"'the 
name is equally the original name of 
both, and handed down by unbroken 
and reliable tradition." 

To that controversy of fourscore 
years ago, Judge Lory Odell — a de- 
scendant of the Pigwackets (Pequaw- 
kets) as the residents of Fryeburg 
used to be fond of calling themselves, 
at that time living in Portsmouth, and 
remembering seventy years of the his- 
tory of Kearsarge in Carroll County, 
contributed a compelling letter in 
which he declared: "I should as soon 
think of changing the names of the 
Euphrates or the Tigris, as that of our 
Kearsarge." 

"When you come to the discussion 
remember that there is no tradition 
among the settlers of the upper Saco, 
who went there more than a century 



ago, of any time when the mountain, 
was called by any other name than 
Kearsarge, until Carrigain attempted 
in 1816 to change it to Pigwacket, 
which attempt has been a total failure 
up to the present date. ... I 
have little doubt the present attempt 
to make a change, will have the same 
fate which has till now attended that 
of Carrigain." 

" Kearsarge Village" was shortened 
to Kearsarge, in conforming to the 
law which required only one word in 
post-office addresses, and wouldn't 
the hundreds who come to Kearsarge 
in summer be astonished next sum- 
mer to find that it was "Pequawket," 
they had come to? 

And there is the far-famed Kear- 
sarge House, that has always been sup- 
posed to be named after the moun- 
tain — is It the Pequawket House now? 
And there's Kearsarge Hall; alacka- 
day, what changes there are going to 
be! 

Many are blaming Senator GalliD- 
ger and criticising him sharply for 
meddlesomeness; but it seems as un- 
gracious as it certainly is stupid, to 
accuse a man as cultured as to litera- 
ture and tradition, as he is gifted in 
oratory, of a lack of poetic apprecia- 
tion, of a lack of love for folk-lore — 
and of being unfamiliar with the tra- 
ditional nomenclature of New Hamp- 
shire! One can not really believe 
that he had a thing to do with it. 



SLEEP 

By Georgie Rogers Warner 

Yes, I know just what people say — 

That if you sleep eight hours a day 

You have slept a third of your life away. 

But this of course they also know, 

It matters not whether you stay or go — 

To get the be*t- there is in us-— out — ■ 

And have lived sixty years — there is no doubt 

It is better for us as well as our charms 

To lie twenty years in Morpheus' arms. 



CLAREMONT EQUAL SUFFRAGE ASSO 

CIATION 

By Clara L. Hunt on 



The Claremont Equal Suffrage As- 
sociation was organized December 1, 
1901,, by Miss Mary X. Chase, who 
was state president at that time. 
There were twenty-five charter mem- 
bers, nine men and sixteen women. 
The following officers were chosen: 

President, Clara L. Hunton; 

Vice-president, Mrs. Elvira L. Eeed; 

Secretary, Mrs. Addie M, Stevens; 

Treasurer, Mrs. Pierce; 

Auditors, Air. Geo. O'Xeil and Mr. 
Robert Sanders. 

December 2, a meeting was held at 
the home of the president and a con- 
stitution adopted. For two years the 
Association held monthly meetings at 
the homes of its members. During 
that time its membership increased to 
nearly forty, twelve of whom were 
men, among them all the Protestant 
pastors. The meetings were well at- 
tended and very interesting. An 
effort was made to gain as much infor- 
mation as possible in regard to the 
cause of "Votes for Women" and to 
pass it on. Literature was distrib- 
uted; the Woman's Journal was sub- 
scribed for and passed from member 
to member. One meeting was de- 
voted to the subject of "Peace," an- 
other, the first May meeting, to a 
study of the life of Lucy Stone. An- 
other meeting celebrated the birth- 
day of Susan B. Anthony and paid 
tribute to her devoted life. At the 
suggestion of the Association, two 
volnmes of the life of Susan B. Au- 
thony were placed in the public library. 
The Association presented Stevens 
High School with a portrait of Miss 
Anthony. It also supplied the library 
with a copy of the Woman's Journal. 
Contributions were sent to the Na- 
tional Compaign fund. Members 
also secured names on petitions which 
were sent into the state legislature. 
The August meet ins; of each year was 



held at the Claremont Junction Camp 
Ground, and a basket picnic enjoyed 
by the members and their friends. 

"June 9, 1905, Henry B. Blackweil 
delivered an address in the Univer- 
salist church. In October of the same 
year the Association entertained the 
State Convention in the Congrega- 
tionalist church. Rev. Anna H. 
Shaw was present and delivered an 
address. The same year Mary A. 
Towle was a delegate to the New 
England meeting in Boston, and Rev. 
Virgil V. Johnson was a delegate to 
the National Convention in Portland, 
Oregon. September 1, 1906, Miss 
Mary N. Chase gave an address in the 
Baptist church. 

In 1912 Clara L. Llunton attended 
the National Convention at Louis- 
ville, Ky., as a delegate. At the time 
of the September 1, 1906, public meet- 
ing, Clarissa C. Hunton. mother of the 
president, lay critically ill and, on Sep- 
tember 10, she passed to the spirit- 
world. From that time until Decem- 
ber, 1913, meetings were discontinued 
on account of the absence from town 
of the president, as no one of the 
members of the Association felt like 
assuming the responsibility of leader- 
ship. The last three years of the presi- 
dent's absence were spent in Boon- 
ville, in Southern Indiana. In August, 
1913, she returned to Claremont and 
on December 9, 1913, meetings of 
the Association were resumed. Four 
members met at the home of Airs, 
Kate Cushman and renewed their alle- 
giance to the cause of " Votes for 
Women." The members, besides the 
hostess, were Mrs. Elvira L. Reed, 
Mrs. Mary A. Towle and Clara L. 
Hunton. The secretary, Mrs. Marian 
D. O'Neil, during trie intervening 
years, had moved to Salem, Oregon. 
She writes that she has voted several 
times and finds it very interesting. 



x> 



The Granite Monthly 



The passing years have brought 
changes to the Association. Four mem- 
bers have passed from earth, among 
them the first secretary, Mrs. Addie 
M. Stevens, and Mrs. "Mary E. Par- 
tridge, a very devoted member, who 
had spent many years of her life in 
earnest work for the cause of temper- 
ance, through the Woman's Christian 
Temperance Union, and for whom the 
Claremont Union is now named. Mrs. 
Partridge brought greetings from the 
State W, C. T. U. to the State Con- 
vention when held in Claremont, in 



fully paid their dues which went to the 
State work. A few have come in 
since the monthly meetings have been 
resumed and now there are fifteen 
members — three men and twelve 
women. 

Four members subscribe for the 
Woman's Journal, and it is still 
furnished each year by the Association 
for the public library. Copies of the 
Journal have been sold and given 
away and other literature distributed. 
In December, 1913, the president at- 
tended the State meeting in Concord. 



!~" 



-.■- r if 



V 



%M 



■ 



■ 






Equal Suffrage Float, Claremont Anniversary 



1905. She was an intimate friend of 
Mrs. Armenia S .White, of Concord, who 
had often talked with her on the sub- 
ject of Equal Suffrage. After taking 
her public stand for the cause by join- 
ing the Association she said that she 
wished she had come into the work 
ten years before. At the Convention 
she spoke the following never to be 
forgotten words: "I do not believe that 
the saloons will ever he done away 
with until women vote. ;T Fourteen 
members had moved out of town and 
a number had dropped out because no 
meetings were held. Eleven had faith- 



The first Saturday in May, 1914, 
Woman's Equal Suffrage day, a public 
meeting was held in the Universalist 
church. December 3, 1914, Martha 
S. Kimball and Mrs. Susan Bancroft 
addressed a public meeting, in the 
Baptist church, under the auspices of 
the Association. 

In October last at the time of the 
civic parade when Claremont was cele- 
brating the one hundred and fiftieth 
anniversary of the incorporation of the 
town, the Claremont Equal Suffrage 
Association was represented by a float, 
consisting of an automobile driven by 



In My Desert Home 



a 



Mr. Cabot, the owner, and decorated 
with the state and national colors, 
green and yellow and carrying the 
officers oi the association, Clara L. 
Hunt on, President, .Mrs. Mary A. 
Towle, treasurer. Airs. Emma Cramer, 
secretary, and Mrs. Marian Palmer, 
who rode in the place of the vice- 
president, Mrs. Elvira L. Reed. They 
bore banners, ''Votes for Women,'' 
and the name of the Association. 
With them rode two children, Ethel 
Keen and Morris Allen representing 
the rising generation. Morris carried 
the Stars and Stripes while Ethel rode 
beside the president. Equal rights 
and equal protection for the girls and 
the bovs under our flag. 

March 14, Mrs. Marion Booth 
KeTley, of Cambridge, Mass;, came to 
Claremont. On the evening of her 
arrival she addressed a parlor meet- 



ing at the home of one of the members. 
At the noon Sunday School hour, 
March 14, by invitation of the pastor, 
Rev. Mr. Swailield she spoke before 
the United Brotherhood, the Baptist 
men's Bible class of twenty-five mem- 
bers. At the Congregationalist 7 o'clock 
service, by invitation of the pastor 
Rev. Air. Garfield, she also spoke, 
during the time usually devoted to his 
address. At 8 o'clock she addressed 
an open meeting in the Baptist 
church. 

'The Association is considering the 
subject of having the Equal Suffrage 
film "Your Girl and Mine" displayed 
at the '''Magnet." 

Miss Anna Stevens, state organizer, 
was entertained among members dur- 
ing the time she spent in Claremont, 
in October, interviewing the represen- 
tatives and other notable people. 



IN MY DESERT HOME 

By Mary Currier Rolofson 

Homesick? Nay, for the same bright blue 
That overarched the fields I knew 
Bends over these, a sheltering dome, 
And makes this space another home. 

Homesick? Nay, for the sunset glow 
Burns with the flames I used to know, 
Crimson, pink and garnet and gold 
On hearthstone summits as of old. 



Nay, although here I see 
The sage brush gray and not a tree, 
True hearts are here to love and bless, 
And homes are in this wilderness. 

Homesick? Nay. Who can find a spot 
Where God's great love and care are not? 
Though to a strange,, far land I've come 
God's presence makes this land my home. 



7* 



CLAREMONT REVOLUTIONARY SOLDIERS 



There were one hundred and fifty- 
nine men from Claremont enlisted 
in the Revolutionary army. Fifty- 
three of these men are buried in the 
old cemeteries in town. Forty-eight 
of these graves were located by 
Charles B. Spofford, S. A. R., and 
these were decorated with Revolu- 
tionary markers April 19, 1894. Air. 
Spofford placed the markers in pres- 
ence of members of the order and 
guests. One was already marked. 

Nine other graves were located by 
the D. A. R., and their Revolution- 



ary markers placed by the order in 
1904, making fifty-eight marked 
graves of Revolutionary soldiers in 
Claremont. 

Twenty-one men from Claremont 
enlisted in the War of 1812. 

The following list of soldiers, buried 
in graves marked with the bronze 
markers, has been compiled from the 
Revolutionary records, and the grave- 
stone records of the old village and 
west-part cemeteries, prepared and 
published by Charles B. Spofford, in 
189-1, and 1896. 



Daniel Abbott 
Edward Ainsworth, Lt. 
James Alden, Corp. 
Daniel Ashley, Lt. 
Samuel Ashley, Col, 
Oliver Ashley, Capt. 
Caleb Baldwin, Capt. 
Daniel Bond 
Jesse Campbell, Capt, 
John Campbell 
David Chaffin 
Roswell Clapp 
Eleazer Clark, Ensg. 
John Clark 
John Cook, Capt. 
Samuel Cotton, Rev. 
Lemuel Dean 
David Dexter, Col. 
Jacob R. Dimond 
Nathaniel Draper 
Moody Dustin, Lt. 
Ebenezer Fielding 
Barnabas Ellis, Lt. 
Daniel Ford, Corp. 
James Goodwin 
Nathaniel Goss 
Charles Higbee 
Stephen Higbee 
George Hubbard, Ensg. 
Joseph Ives 
Miles Johnson 
Asa Jones, Lt. 

f Kirtland ) 
Gideon { Kirkland [• 

{ Caterling J 
John Kilburn, Capt. 
Sanford Kingsbury, Maj. 
Amaziah Knights 
Obed Lamberton 
Samuel Lane 
Joel Matthews 
James Maxwell 
John Moore, Serg. 
Timothy Munger, Capt. 
Peter Niles 



1756— August 10, 1S27 
1730— February 10, 1S06 
1752— March 14, 1807 
1753— October 8, 1810 
1721— February 18, 1792 
1744— April 9, 1818 
1736— December 6, 1823 
1762— April 15, 1845 
1760— December 11, 1S35 
1759— May 17, 1831 
1763— Julv 25, 1838 
1756— March 11, 1843 
1724— June 29, 1787 
1759 — November 25, 1837 
1735— February 8, 1810 
1737— November 25, 1819 
1761— October 2, 1822 
1765— June 1, 1829 
1759— March 16, 1S26 
1753— October 1, 1832 
1742— August 11, IS 10 
1754— October 28, 1830 
1745— June 26, 1838 
1750— October 2. 1822 
1750— August 14, IS 15 
1751— June 25, 1824 
1753— July 28, 1828 
1730— August 28. 1812 
1739— April 10, 1818 
1736— November 25, 1785 
176S— December 1, 1834 
1739— June 15, 1810 

1731— April IS, 1305 

1726— September 14, 1776 
1742— November 12, 1833 
1746— January 14, 1835 
1756— October 13, 1830 

1750— September 10. 1822 
1735— March 23, 1823 
1758— September 0, 1832 
1758— June 30, 3S36 
1755— March 15, 1844 



Old Village Cemetery. 
Old Village Cemetery. 
Old Village Cemetery. 
West Part Cemetery. 
West Part Cemetery. 
West Part Cemetery. 
Old Village Cemetery. 
Old Village Cemetery. 
Old Village Cemetery. 
Old Village Cemetery. 
Old Village Cemetery. 
Old Village Cemetery. 
West Part Cemetery. 
West Part Cemetery. 
West Part Cemetery. 
Old Village Cemetery. 
West Part Cemetery. 
Old Village Cemetery. 
Old Village Cemetery. 
Old Village Cemetery. 
Old Village Cemetery. 
Old Village Cemetery. 
West Part Cemetery. 
West Part Cemetery. 
West Part Cemetery. 
Old Village Cemetery. 
West Part Cemetery. 
West Part Cemetery. 
West Part Cemetery. 
West Part Cemetery. 
Old Village Cemetery. 
West Part Cemetery. 

Old Village Cemetery. 

West Part Cemetery. 
West Part Cemetery. 
Old Village Cemetery. 
West Part Cemetery. 
West Part Cemetery. 
Old Village Cemetery. 
Old Village Cemetery, 
West Part Cemetery. 
Old Village Cemetery. 
Old Village Cemetery. 





The Drcah'ier 


7< 


Ebcnezer Rice 


1745— June 10, 1822 


West Part Cemetery. 


Hezekiah Rice 


1741— May 29, 1S13 


West Part Cemetery 


Joel Roys 


1755 — September 4, 17S2 


West Part Cemetery. 


Joel Piichards 


1759— October 4. 1837 


Old Village Cemetery. 


William Pettee 


.1754— April 14, 1S37 


Old Village Cemetery 


Joseph Pulling 


1754— December 27, 1S40 


Old Milage Cemetery 


Solomon Putnam 


1755— April IS, 4810 


Old Village Cemetery 


John Sprague, Lt. 


1736— March 4, 1843 


Old Village Cemetery 


Eiihu Stevens. Jr. 


1754— April 2, 17GS 


Old Village Cemetery. 


Joseph Spaulding 


1754— February S, 1820 


West Part Cemetery. 


Daniel Warner 


1716-^Marcn 11, 1S02 


West Part Cemetery. 


I^evi Warner 




West Part Cemetery. 


Thomas Warner, Gapt. 


1748 — February 7, 1818 


Old Village Cemetery 


John West 


1739— November 23, 1810 


Old Village Cemetery 


Christopher York 


1749— April 17, 1S17 


West Part Cemetery. 



THE DREAMER 

By Margaret E. Kendall 

It has come. He has left this dark world of care 
For a mountain stream and a rod and line; 

He draws in with long, deep breaths, the air, 
Scented with moss and hemlock and pine. 

His shoulders straighten, his eyes grow bright; 

Once more the vigor of youth he shares; 
Onward he hastens, first straight to the right, 

Then of! a bit to the left he bears. 

He knows the place, half hidden by ferns, 

Where a dark, deep pool casts its mystic spell: 

And as upward he climbs, the heart in him yearns 
For this deep, still pool that he knows so well. 

At last he has reached it, and now as he stands 
In the place that was once his favorite retreat, 

The years that have passed seem like bright, golden strands, 
Linking the present with memories sweet. 

He dreams and he fishes. He fishes and dreams, 

And ever the silvery pile by his side 
Grows, shimmers and sparkles, glistens and gleams; 

He looks at it fondly and with feelings of pride. 

It is gone. He returns to this old world of care, 

Comes back again to its labor and broil, 
But his dreaming has left him more eager to share 

The trials of those who must labor and toil. 



niton, A\ H. 



i 



AUTOBIOGRAPHY OF THE FIRST BELL 

In the North Country, at Lack! Street, Haverhill, N, H. 
By Grace Woodward 



One hundred and twelve years ago 
I was born, in Hartford, Conn. 
Jonathan Doblittle, a skillful worker 
in metals, was my creator, and he 
fashioned me with great care and 
precision. Into my substance was 
put more than ordinary metal, for 
my Ladd Street progenitors were 
determined that I should be of finer 
material, and greater worth, and 
sweeter tone than any other bell. 
They therefore generously gave of 
their meager store of silver — a trinket 
here, a spoon there, a silver dish, sil- 
ver money too, one gentleman giving 
twenty " cartwheels/ 7 as the silver 
dollar was then called — until the 
value of one hundred dollars was con- 
tributed. All this was melted and 
poured into the castings. 

The first bell thus produced, for 
some unknown reason, was not per- 
fect, and, when struck, revealed a 
crack. So it was put into the fiery 
furnace again, melted, cast and cooled, 
when, lol / was! 

All being finished and arranged, 
I was loaded upon a raft, propelled 
by poles in the hands of sturdy boat- 
men, and began my long journey up 
the Connecticut River to the North 
Country, and the little hamlet of 
Haverhill, where was to be my home. 

We were loaded with a varied 
cargo of groceries, placed in the middle 
of the raft, so as to leave a clear pas- 
sage on either side for the polemen. 
The poling was done by two men on 
either side, near the forward end of 
the raft. They thrust their long poles 
into the river sand, and then, firmly 
grasping them, walked to the stern of 
the raft, thus causing it to move up 
the river. For many days we thus 
journeyed, till, at last, the broad and 
fertile meadows near Haverhill opened 
up and the lovely valley shone in the 
morning sunlight, with the tumbling 



waters of the Oliverian Brook rush- 
ing over the rocks to meet us. We 
moored our raft near the mouth of 
this turbulent stream, which had 
journeyed all the way from grand 
Moosilauke's rugged sides to give 
us welcome. 

What a scene then met my view! 
As far as eye could see stretched, a line 
of men, women and children hasten- 
ing towards me! Kerchiefs waved; 
drums beat; cannon boomed; men 
shouted! The excitement was in- 
tense and the enthusiasm knew no 
bounds. Was I not the first bell in all 
that country around, and did I not 
belong to them? Eager feet boarded 
the raft, and willing hands lifted me 
to bear me ashore. Then came my 
first baptism, as seemed meet, con- 
sidering that I was to form a part of 
the house of God when my journey 
should be ended. In their eagerness 
to transfer me from raft to shore, they 
dropped me overboard! My great 
weight of 1500 pounds carried me to 
the bottom like lead, but I was soon 
drawn up, no whit abashed nor in- 
jured but rather, purified for God's 
best service. Then, escorted by a 
large crowd of enthusiastic people, I 
journeyed across the meadow and up 
the hill and along the undulating 
country road called Ladd Street, to 
the meeting house. As we went along, 
I remember a sturdy fellow swinging 
a club in his hand, who ever and anon 
gave me a friendly tap to try my 
metal. So I went singing up the 
street to the home awaiting me. _ I 
was soon swung up upon the outside 
of the belfry, and by means of a skill- 
fully constructed carriage, rolled into 
position. How proud I felt when I at 
last hung above them all and looked 
around! So this was to be my home, 
in which to live and labor! 

On every side stretched the fertile 



Autobiography of the First Bell in the North Country 



SI 



fiMs with beech and birch, oak and 
maple tearing their noble heads and 
lending grateful shade. Towards the 
east towered the stately pines, and 
nodded welcome , their scarred trunks 
softening to purple in the broad belt 
of distance as they stretched away 
to meet the grand old mountains on 
the far eastern horizon. As the 
nearby fields approached the meadows, 
they were met by a dark, thick line - 
of small trees that overtopped a 
heavy undergrowth of glossy shrubs 
marking the outlines of the meadows. 
Away, away, towards the western 
horizon stretched the meadows, fair 
to look upon, seemingly just fresh 
from the hand of God, and bearing 
upon their bosom the thrifty farmer's 
hay and grain. Winding in and out, 
like a coy maiden playing at hide 
and seek, ran the silvery Connecticut, 
her laughing waters dancing in the 
sun and her banks fringed with the 
reeds and grasses that were mirrored 
on her surface. Looking on and up, 
my eyes encountered the green hills • 
of Vermont, clothed in their robes 
of vivid verdure, and behind which, 
at the close of day, sank the sun in a 
bed of molten glory. A close-by 
view took in the homes of the early 
settlers, scattered up and down the 
street; modest homes, yet within their 
four walls dwelt peace and happiness. 
After feasting my eyes upon all 
this beauty, I turned my gaze upon 
the church below me. It stood upon 
an eminence just north of where 
the present Ladd Street schoolhouse 
now stands, and was the most im- 
posing structure in all this part of the 
country; built with noble propor- 
tions in the old colonial style, with 
its side facing the road, and boasting 
three entrances, each with a porch. 
There was a high tower on the south- 
east side in which I now lived, proud 
and grand, being the only representa- 
tive of my kind in all the valley. 
The tower was built with two plat- 
forms, one above the other, each en- 
circled with a railing. Capping the 
top of the tower was a small square 



-spire surmounted by a vane and light- 
ning rod. 

Let us glance inside this ancient 
'meeting-house, the pride and glory of 
the old street. We can enter through 
the western door and proceed down 
the main aisle that ran the length of 
the interior. The body of the house 
was seated with square box pews, 
having great high backs to the uneush- 
ioned seats, with tall, hinged doors. 
The seats were also hinged, and were 
raised or lowered when entering or 
leaving the pews, accompanied by a 
racket and rattle. Around three 
sides of the room ran a gallery, 
fitted with simple benches and reached 
by a series of steps. 

The pulpit, at the opposite end 
of the room from the west entrance, 
was an octagonal box, placed high 
above the body of the church, with 
a spiral stairway leading to it. High 
over all, and above the preacher's 
head, hung the resonant sounding- 
board, constructed of thin boards 
and similar in shape to an inverted 
parasol. It used to echo the preacher's 
voice till the .rafters rang, and it 
carried the sweet songs of the con- 
gregation to every part of the quaint 
room, and even to my ears, as I 
hung mute and motionless in the 
stately belfry above. 

Along the two sides of the interior 
was a row of wall pews, a step or two 
above the side aisles. Here sat the 
less influential worshippers, to- 
gether with the tithing man, whose 
duties were to prod, with his long 
slim pole, any snoring worshipper. 
He used to bestow a smart tap upon 
the slumberer's pate to bring him to 
his senses; if the sermon ran into the 
"twelfthly," a second tap- was usu- 
ally needed, for the close and quiet 
room was soporific. 

There was no sign of paint in the 
interior, but the yellow pine, of which 
seats, galleries, pulpit and floors were 
made, had gradually deepened into 
a golden brown, and gave a mellow and 
ecclesiastical air, well fitted to the 
place. 



82 



The Granite Monthly 



Every Sunday was the church well 
filled; hardly a house up and down 
the valley for miles but was repre- 
sented in the goodly company. 
Church-going in those days was uni- 
versal. There they sat, men brawny 
and brown with wind and sun, worthy 
of their ancestry; and beside them 
sat their wives, brown, too, and 
strong, with faces of calm content, 
worthy to be the mothers of their 
husbands' sons. There, too, were 
the girls, modest and shy, and the 
boys full of life and vigor to their 
finger-tips. No means of heating 
the edifice was ever resorted to — ■ 
the preacher's burning words and 
fiery denunciations being considered 
means of sufficient heat. Yet I 
remember that a few delicate mem- 
bers were sometimes permitted to 
carry to church a foot-stove, filled 
with live coals, for extra warmth. 

Through two long services, with 
a nooning between, sat those devout 
worshippers, and not until the length- 
ening shadows proclaimed the ap- 
proaching end of the day, did the 
good people arise for the benediction 
and wend their way homeward. 

I wish I could call by name all 
those sturdy men and women who 
used to gather there at my call, and 
who formed the pillars of my first 
home. There was the wise and war- 
like Col. Charles Johnson, first deacon 
of the church in 1790; Hon. James 
Woodward, the man of integrity and 
public trust, and the town's first 
representative to the legislature, with 
his sturdy family of twelve children; 
Moody Bedell, who belonged to a 
family of warriors and was renowned 
for his enterprise and public spirit. 

There was, above all, in my esti- 
mation, the numerous Ladd family 
from whom the street derived its 
name. I could point out to you the 
many houses built and occupied by 
the Ladds, and you would at once 
see that the old church with its tail 
belfry and its proud occupant hod a 
position in the midst of the family 
circle, and its heart-strings were en- 



twined with theirs. Their interests 
were mine; and now, after the lapse 
of more than a hundred years, I still 
cling to the descendants of this once 
prominent and always beloved family 
and hold their welfare as a precious 
legacy. 

I have no thought of omitting to 
tell you of faithful William Cross, 
the trusty sexton, who for many 
years gave me voice, and tolled off 
the hours to "the waiting valley. At 
six in the morning, at noon, at six 
and nine at night we two faithful 
friends together made sweet music 
that sounded far up and down the 
valley. 

Ding-a-dong, dong! Six in. the morn! 
Cling-a-clang clere! Mid-day is here! 
Cling-a-clong-clong! Now the day's gone! 
Out with vour light! Nine of the night! 
Get to bed all! Curfew bells call! 
Ding-a-dong-ding! Cling-a-clang-clmg! 

Not only did we make the air vi- 
brant four times a day through the 
week, but, on the still Sabbath, 
when nature had put on her holiday 
attire, and all sounds of labor were 
hushed and people's thoughts were 
turned heavenward, we two pealed 
forth into the waiting air our sum- 
mons to meet and worship God to- 
gether. 

Then my deep-sounding voice, so 
strong and full, rang out with clarion 
call; and as my tones sped up and 
down the valley, they symbolized 
to those early pioneers the voice of 
God calling in the wilderness, and 
they obeyed my summons. Some 
came on foot; others on horseback; 
many came in boats, or forded the 
Connecticut. Whenever my voice 
reached the ear of man on the quiet 
Sabbath, he listened, he meditated, 
he came. Who shall say that I lived 
in vain in this beautiful valley home! 

For forty years Deacon Cross and 
I were constant companions. No 
one could ring the Ladd Street Beii 
like the Deacon, for I always knew his 
moods, and responded to his touch 
like a stringed instrument under a 
master's hand. I loved the good old 



Autobiography of the First Bell in the North Country 



S3 



man with a brother's love, and he" 
loved me. Wiieit he and I were 
parted, and he was told that he could 
'ring the bell no more, his strong frame 
shook with sobs, and I was desolate! 
All things must have an end, and 
my happy home in the dear old church 
belfrey was no exception. There 
came the sad day when Haverhill 
outgrew the quaint church with its 
high-backed pews, tall pulpit, and 
huge sounding-board, and the build- 
ing was abandoned for a more pre- 
tentious one at the " Corner.'' I 
then became a bone of contention, 
as the new church wanted me, and 
my loyal Lack! Street friends said 
I never could be separated from them. 

I suffered many indignities in the 
controversy; even an attempt by the 

II Corner" people, one dark night, to 
take me by force! A suspicion of 
the dark deed was aroused in the 
hearts of my Ladd Street friends, and 
they stationed faithful William Cross 
at my side both day and night, with 
orders to "peal the bell if danger 
threatened." For several days he 
never left me, his meals being brought 
to him, and hoisted up the belfry 
by means of ropes. When, finally, 
the attack 'came, the deacon's hand 
was near, in my extremity, and pulled 
the rope. How I pealed out for 
help! Eight nobly the call was an- 
swered, my friends on Ladd Street 
quickly rushing to my aid! I am 
glad to say that no blood was spilled, 
though many a torn coat and shirt- 
sleeve bore evidence of a fray! Al- 
though my defenders were loyal in 
my emergency, theie soon came a 
time when, seemingly, they all for- 
sook me, and my cup of woe was 
full to overt! owing. The old church 
was torn down, and I was homeless! 
Rude hands thrust me into a dark 
and gloomy cellar, and my once 
happy voice was silenced. There I 
spent weary, unhappy hours, musing 
upon the fickleness of man, to thus 
consign an old and tried servant to 
darkness and to misery. I heard the 
people go and come outside my dun- 



geon, but none came near to give 
me a friendly touch or a cheering 
word. At last, one night, there came 
a change. Hen entered my dark 
cellar and stole me away. I could 
not see where they were taking me, 
but I overheard a whisper that the 
sheriff from the Corner was looking 
for me and I must be hidden in a 
safer spot, I was consigned to some 
gloomy place — never hare 1 been 
able to locate it — for no ray of light 
ever penetrated there. Weary, lonely 
days and nights that lengthened into 
years, — I was left in utter misery 
and despair! What I suffered in all 
those years, no tongue can tell! I 
shudder now at the memory of it 
all. At last, came my deliverance. 
I saw the light, and breathed the 
sweet air, and lived again! What my 
feelings were when I saw the changes 
that had been wrought during my 
degradation, I will leave to your 
imagination. My faithful friends, 
for whom 1 had been cherishing such 
hard feelings, had, all this time been 
busy procuring for me a new home, 
and my delighted eyes looked upon a 
large two-story school-house, topped 
with a belfry wherein to place me! 
How ashamed I was of my lack of 
faith! I then and there resolved to 
devote my life to such a service for 
my Ladd Street friends, that future 
generations should point to me with 
pride as one of their most cherished 
legacies from the pioneer days of 
their forefathers. I was raised to 
my place by loving hands and here 
I have hung for more than seventy 
years. During these years of con- 
stant service I have responded with 
my clear voice to every call of duty 
or of pleasure. Many hands, now 
still and cold, have reached out to 
pull my rope. I have called the chil- 
dren, and the children's children to 
the fourth generation, to their tasks 
at school, telling them in no uncer- 
tain tones that punctuality, dili- 
gence and endeavor will be necessary, 
that they may take their places among 
the sons of men, and hold high 



84 



The Granite Monthly 



iheir heads as bents their high an- 
cestry. 

I have sent ray voice up and down 
the valley whenever any danger 
threatened the homes about me. 
I have frolicked with the boys on 
the ''Glorious Fourth," till the staid 
fathers have surely wished my tongue 
was tied. I have tolled off the years 
of many of the dear ones, as the 
funeral cortege has crept past me 
up the hill to the cemetery, and, as 
they have been laid to rest, my voice 
has died away in grief and loneliness. 
I have always been sorry to see the old 
friends go away to other homes, and 
have been glad, when, from my station 
in the belfry, I have seen them come 
again down the hill. Would that I 
could call out a friendly word of wel- 
come or farewell, but, alas! without 
human help, I am mute! 

My tale is almost finished." I have 
unconsciously led you along the way 
from the trackless forests, peopled 
by the denizens of the woods, and 
roamed over by the fearless Indian: 
across the clear and limpid Connecti- 
cut, that, in those days, abounded 
with trout and salmon; over the 
fertile meadows, laden with their 
native wealth of herbage; to the up- 
lands, ^dotted with ancestral homes; 
and so down the road called Ladd 



Street, to one dear spot where I first 
became a part of this lovely valley; 
and lastly, to my present dwelling- 
place. Now, I am an. aged public 
servant, rounding out one hundred 
and twelve years of loyal service. 
Still, age has not withered me, nor 
time defaced, and my years are not 
half spent. I see a big future loom- 
ing before me, fraught with great 
possibilities, and I am eager for the 
fray!. I yearn to always be able to do 
all in my power for the dear friends 
who have all these years sheltered 
and honored me: I shall always, as 
of old. let my clear voice peal out 
with no uncertain sound, against 
wrong, danger and oppression. And 
when the far-distant time shall come 
when I, too, must fall into decay, 
and my silvery voice be forever 
mute, God grant that it may be 
among the descendants of true and 
tried Ladd Street friends, who have 
stood by me these hundred , years,, 
through weal and woe, through calm 
and storm! So, I could gladly lay- 
down my life, and be gathered to my 
kindred elements, knowing full well 
that n\y earthly work had been well 
performed and well appreciated, and 
that my reward was sure. 
Center Harbor, N. H., 
January. 1915. 



BOOKS 

By Delia Honey 

We turn to a book as to a friend 

Whether in joy or in sorrow. 
For books are honest, they never pretend 

Nor put us off till the morrow. 

They lift from our hearts a burden, untold, 

They share in our joy so wild, 
They bring a quiet surcease, controlled, 

And make us meek as a child. 



They turn our tho'ts as naught else can do, 
No matter which way they wend, 

So now while the day is waning, too 
We'll turn to a book for a friend. 



6 S 



THE INDIANS OF NEW HAMPSHIRE 

By Charles Xcvers Holmes 



The quaint, brief verse of "And 
first they fell upon their knees, then 
on the aborigines/''* will occasionally 
come to mind, especially when one 
is considering the subject of "Lo, the 
poor Indian.' 7 Our forefathers in 
1620 were, of course, merely very new 
comers to America, for the Indian or 
his predecessors had been dwelling 
or had dwelt here centuries before. 
In New England, the early white 
settlers found perhaps some fifty 
thousand of these red men, of which 
number four or five thousand dwelt 
in New Hampshire. In 1614, the 
famous Captain Smith appeared off 
the coast of this latter state; but it was 
not until 1623 that the first settle- 
ment was made by Edward and Wil- 
liam Hilton at, Cocheco, or Dover. 
About the same time, David Thomp- 
son settled in the vicinity of what was 
afterwards known as Portsmouth. 
Both the Hilton brothers and Thomp- 
son came under the authority granted 
to the company of Laconia by the 
council of Plymouth in England. In 
3 622 Ferdinando Gorges and John 
Mason were high in office in this 
council, and procured a grant to 
'"all lands situated between the rivers 
[Merrimack and Sagadahoek, extend- 
ing back to great lakes and river of 
Canada." 

From 1623, the time of the first 
settlement at Dover, to 1629, the 
granted region was slowly peopled, 
but in 1629 the province of Laconia 
was divided between Gorges and 
Mason. The region east of the Pas- 
cataqua river was taken by Gorges, 
while that west of the river, extending 
bad: some sixty miles, went to Mason. 
Gorges" part received the name of 
Maine, while that taken by Mason 
was called ^q:\y Hampshire, since 
Mason had been a resident of the 
county of Hampshire in England. 
Later, some of .Mason's associates 



obtained a grant of Dover, whiie 
Mason procured a charter of Ports- 
mouth. In this way, the colonists 
became separated into two divisions. 
called the Upper and the Lower 
Plantations. 

Respecting the further history of 
the Granite State., this is, of course, 
well known. Exeter and Hampton 
were settled in 1638 and 1639. It 
was united to Massachusetts in 1641, 
made a royal province in 1679, and 
was re-united to Massachusetts in 
1685, from which it was not again 
separated until 1741. State consti- 
tutions were adopted in 1776, 1784, 
and 1792; it ratified the Federal 
constitution in 1788, being the ninth 
state admitted to the Union. The 
area of New Hampshire is 9,341 square 
miles, 310 of which are of water. 
According to the last census, the 
population of the Granite State ap- 
proximated 431,000, the population 
in 1900 being about 411,000, and in 
1890 about 376,000. 

Such is a very brief outline of New 
Hampshire's history; that is, its his- 
tory since the arrival of the white 
man. But our forefathers were in- 
deed new comers compared with the 
aborigines. No one knows who were 
really the first settlers of New Hamp- 
shire. Also, it is not known for how 
many generations the confederated 
tribes of the Pawtuckets had dwelt 
in New Hampshire before the coming 
of the white man. Nor are we better 
informed respecting possible predeces- 
sors of these confederated tribes. 
However that ma)' be, our forefathers 
found the red race- here when they 
came as strangers, and, as has been 
stated, the red men in what is now 
New Hampshire then numbered some 
four or five thousand. Indeed, dur- 
ing early colonial times there were 
as many as twelve tribes of Indians 
in this province; but wars among 



86 



The Gmnite M&nthlu 



themselves, and pestilence, had di- 
minished the number^ of men in these 
tribes. There were tribes in different 
parts of the province, for example, 
small tribes at Exeter, Dover and on 
the banks of the Pascataqua river. 
The tribe of Ossipees dwelt around 
lakes Winiiipisogee and Ossipee, and 
that of the Pequawkets made its 
home on the upper branches of the 
Saco river. Lastly, the tribe of 
Penaeooks occupied the region around 
the present city of Concord, a'ong the 
banks of the Merrimack. This tribe 
of Penaeooks should be noted particu- 
larly, since it contained; during the 
first of the invasion of the white man, 
the famous Indian chieftain, Passa- 
conaway. There were as many as 
four sachems in the east and south of 
the province that acknowledged a kind 
of allegiance to this great sagamore. 

As has been stated, Passaconaway 
was chief of the Penaeooks, and his 
home was near the present city of 
Concord. Most of the Indian tribes 
in New Hampshire were in confedera- 
tion with Passaconaway, whom they 
rightfully revered for his sagacity 
and wisdom in leader-diip. Those 
who were thus united under the lim- 
ited sway of this sagamore were 
known by the general name of Paw- 
tuckets, being a kind of Indian league 
in peace or war; Passaconaway as a 
leader was exceedingly wise and cun- 
ning, but a very moderate Indian with 
a strong liking for peace. As would 
be expected, he possessed a great 
reputation as a sorcerer, his tribe be- 
lieving that he was able to make 
water burn and trees dance. It was 
also believed that he possessed the 
power to change himself into flame 
and could at will darken sun or moon. 
But Passaconaway was certainly a 
very remarkable Indian, always 
being a strong advocate for peace 
rather than war. Nevertheless, al- 
though he urged with all his influence 
against hostility to the white man, he 
seems to have had a presentiment that 
the English would eventually wholly 
displace his tribe and people. 



In. 1000 the Indians of his tribe had 
a great dance and feast. On occa- 
sions like this it was the custom for 
the elders of the tribe to utter speeches 
and give advice to the younger men. 
Passaconaway was a most eloquent 
speaker, and he made at this time 1 his 
"farewell address/'' resigning his po- 
sition to his son Wonolanset. During 
the course of his address, lie compared 
the past independence of the tribe 
with its present weakness and decay. 
He explained the superiority of the 
white man and declared that the time 
would come when the English would 
occupy wholly the lands of the red 
men. He also declared that a war 
would shortly occur all over New 
England, but warned, his people not 
to take part in it. 

"Hearken," exclaimed he, "to the 
last words of your father and friend. 
The white men are sons of the morn- 
ing. The Great Spirit is their father. 
His sun shines bright about them, 
Never make war with them. Sure 
as you light the fires, the breath of 
heaven will turn the flames upon you 
and destroy you. Listen to my 
advice. It is the last I shall be 
allowed to give vou. Remember it 
and live!'; 

His dying advice made a deep im- 
pression upon the tribe, particularly 
upon Wonolanset, his son. Indeed, 
the words of their beloved sagamore 
restrained the Penaeooks from fol- 
lowing the other Indians in later 
warfare against the English. When 
war did come, the Penaeooks were 
the only Indians in New Hampshire 
that kept out of it. With a single 
exception, the settlers in the province 
had been in peace with the Indians 
almost half a century. Yet the 
Indians were more and more aware 
of what the future would bring forth, 
and they became more and more 
restless. It needed but the proper 
leader. King Philip perceived the 
unrest of the Indians. He was king 
of the Wairipanoags, and lived at 
Mount Hope, near Bristol. Philip 
was cunning, ambitious and warlike, 



The In dia ; i s of Ne w Ha m ps h ire 



87 



and foresaw that unless the Indians 
could equal the whites in civilization 
they would be displaced. It seemed 
to him that war was the only method 
to use against tlio English. -Most of 
the Indians — old and young — ap- 
proved of the warfare of King Philip. 
Accordingly, the Narraganset or King 
Philip's War commenced on the 24th 
of June, 1675, when nine persons were 
slain by the Indians at Swansey in the 
colony of Plymouth. 

The war that followed is historical 
and very well known. It was a popu- 
lar war with the Indians, although 
Wonolanset and his Penacooks kept 
out of it/ It was terrible while it 
lasted and, owing to the scattered con- 
dition of the New England settlers, 
very destructive. But it came to an 
end, because the Indians became dis- 
couraged and had lost their great 
leader, King Philip. The result to 
New England was some 600 lives, 
twelve or thirteen towns destroyed, 
and about COO dwellings burned. 
During the period of this war, New 
Hampshire was also in terror. No 
one knew when an Indian raid would 
occur; business was abandoned, and 
every man, as it were, had to look 
out for himself. Considerable dam- 
age was dune; and in September, 1675, 
the Indians made an attack on the 
region called Oyster River, then a 
part of Dover but now Durham, burn- 
ing two houses, killing two men, and 
carrying away two captives who soon 
escaped. About the same time they 
slew a man named Robinson and 
took another man — Charles Runlet 
-•■prisoner. Also five or six other 
houses were burned and two more 
men slain. Later, the Indians killed 
John Keniston of Greenland, and in 
June, 1677, they also slew four per- 
sons at Hampton. 

King Philip 7 s war was over; but the 
inhabitants of New Elampshire had 
thereafter more or less trouble and 
danger from the red man. The trag- 
edy relative to Major Waldron and 
others associated with him is well 
known, of how in August, 1676, 



Massachusetts sent two companies to 
New Hampshire to assist against the 
Indians. Arriving at Cocheco, they 
found 400 Indians at the home of 
Major Waldron, with whom these 
Indians had made peace and whom 
they trusted. The captains of these 
companies recognized some murderers 
among the Indians and wished to 
arrest them. This was accomplished 
by a ruse. All the red men were dis- 
armed, the Penacooks were sent away 
in peace; but seven or eight of the 
Indians were hanged and some were 
sold as slaves. About thirteen years 
afterward, when several of those who 
had been sold as slaves returned, 
vengeance was cruelly wreaked upon 
Major Waldron. The Major waa 
warned of possible danger but only 
laughed at the fears of his friends. 
He told them to " plant their pump- 
kins and he would take care of the 
Indians." However the Indians by 
a plot succeeded in entering his garri- 
soned home, and, although the Major 
defended himself for a while with his 
sword, he was felled with a blow from 
behind. The Indians then inflicted 
gashes on Major Waldron's body, 
exclaiming "We thus cross out our 
account!" After his death they 
plundered his house and set it on 
fire. 

On July 17, 169-1, the Indians again 
attacked the Oyster River settlement, 
under the command of a Frenchman 
named Yiliieu. The red men num- 
bered about 250; but as their ap- 
proach was discovered, some of the 
settlers had time to escape and others 
to prepare for defense. Nevertheless, 
ninety-four persons were killed or 
taken captive, and five of the twelve 
garrisoned homes, as well as other 
dwellings, were burned. In 1706 there 
occurred an attack on two houses be- 
longing to a Mr. Blanchard and a Mr. 
Galusha, in which nine people were 
slain. In 1712 the Heard garrison 
was saved by the wit of a woman — 
there being no man in the house — 
who called out so loudly and boldly 
that she scared the enemy away. In 



ss 



The Granite Monthly 



1717 there was a declaration of war 

against all hostile Indians and a re- 
ward of £100 for every such Indian's 
scalp. The last French and Indian 
war in 1755 lasted until the capture 
of Quebec by General Wolfe in 1759. 
During all this period, and indeed 
until nearly 1800 there was more or 
less danger from the Indians, and 
attacks were made on Hopkinton, 
Keene, Walpole, Hinsdale, Winches- 
ter, Chariest own, as well as many 
smaller, isolated places. But gradu- 
ally the aborigines withdrew or were 
driven out of the land that tbev once 



possessed., until today not a single 
descendant of these original tribes is 
to be found anywhere in the Granite 
State. Many of them were slain, and 
the rest migrated, mostly to Canada, 
and dwelt upon the banks of the St. 
Lawrence river. However, though 
they themselves are departed, their 
names and words yet remain with us. 
Nashua. Souhegan, Amoskcog. Swam- 
seott, Merrimack, Winnipiseogee and 
Ossipee are permanent memories of 
an interesting and unique race. 
Hotel Nottingham, 
Boston, Mass. 



LOVES JESTING 

• By L. Adelaide Sherman 

You told me in jest that you loved me well 

And would love me truly ever — 
Yet little you dreamed that those words would be 

Effaced from my memory never. 

You sat where the firelight on your face 
Cast its radiance warm and tender — 

While your smile to me was rarer far 

Than the wide world's beckoning splendor. 

But I took up the jest, tho 7 my heart was rent 

And answered, ,; I love you duly. 77 
Ah, how could you know those light-voiced words 

Was my spirit speaking truly. 

You have gone your way, and I go mine, 
While the seasons dim and brighten; 

The flowers have budded and bloomed and died 
'Neath skies that lower and lighten. 

There are friends most kind that come and go 

As the long years drift before me, 
But never another voice nor face 

Can cast that sweet spell o'er me. 

Oh, deep from sight must I hide my love, 
And Time, with its balm, shall cover 

The wound that was made by my heart's elect 
Who never became mv lover. 



*7 



CAPTAIN JACOB CONN 



one of the few eiti- 
ave climbed from 
in a comparatively 
tte of serious handi- 
la eking educa t ion 



Captain Jacob Com 
zens of Concord win 
obscurity to prominen 
frw years — and this in 
caps. Without monc. 
and with but a slight knowledge of the Eng- 
lish language, he came to this country six- 
teen years ago and through sheer grit and 
indomitable perseverance the penniless immi- 
grant youth has been changed h)to an educated 
and respected citizen, militia officer and theatre 
owner. The story of his life reads like the 
most imaginative page of fiction for this 
metamorphosis was worked in the short 
span of sixteen years. 

Jacob Conn was born of poor but respect- 
able Jewish parents in Stralkowo. in the 
Province of Posen, Germany, in the year 1S77. 
The quiet atmosphere of home life never in- 
terested him to any great degree and as a 
mere boy he engaged in the dangerous trade 
of bartering horses over the Russian frontier. 
At the age of eighteen he left home and went 
to London, England, where he secured employ- 
ment in a tailor shoo. Here he remained 
until the Spanish-American war had been in 
progress for several months when he sailed 
for America to enlist, if possible, in the cause 
of the United States. After a variety of mis- 
fortunes, including two shipwrecks, he arrived 
in New York on September 21, 189$, with 
but a sixpence in his pocket. 

He was considerably disappointed over the 
fact that the war with Spain had been ended 
while he was on the ocean and that an oppor- 
tunity to fight for his adopted country was 
lost, but the eighteen-year-old youth secured 
work at his trade and soon earned money to 
goto Boston, from which city he later removed 
to Concord. Here he worked for his brother 
for about a year and on January 16, 1900, 
opened his own tailoring establishment on 
School street on borrowed capital of $2.50. 

With the beginning of his career in the 
tailoring business came his enlistment in 
Company C of the X. H. N. G. By diligence 
and hard work he saved considerable money 
and gained a fair education, for as he sat on 
the bench working the needle, one eye was 
glued on a text-book of history or grammar 
which lay beside him. Following his mar- 
riage in 1904, he engaged in the real estate 
business with a great degree of success so 
that when fire destroyed the old Durgin 
factory on School street in 1011 he had enough 



to purchase the ruins. Working nights in 
the tailor shop, he spent his days cleaning 
up the immense heap of blackened bricks. 

Jn June, 1911, the cornerstone of his 
theatre was laid and on October 14 of 
the next year it wajs completed and under 
his management has been most successful 
ever since. His intentions now are to erect 
another larger modern picture theatre on the 
Pleasant street site of the old Dunklee 
stables. 

By displaying the same hearty interest in 
state militia affairs that he did to his business, 



Capt. Jacob Conn 

Mr. Conn ascended the successive rounds of 
promotion until on January 28, 1914, he 
became captain of Company C, which office 
he still fills in a most creditable manner. In 
every phase of municipal affairs he is deeply 
interested and has thrown his theatre open 
time and time again without charge in the 
interests of civic uplift. The fact that he 
lias recently relinquished his tailoring busi- 
ness and will devote his whole effort to the 
theatrical field gives him a wider opportunity 
to interest himself in the affairs of the citj 
and state. 



<fC 



NEW HAMPSHIRE NECROLOGY 



THOMAS BELLOWS PECK 
Thomas Bellows Peck, born, in Walpole, 
N. II., August 18, IS 4. died in Salem. Mass., 
January 2, 1915. 

He was a graduate of Harvard University, 
of the class of 1883. He was a versatile man 
and his activities in life were many. For 
many years he was prominent as a diamond 
expert; but later in life was devoted to genea- 
logical research, and wrote several books 
along that line. He also became known from 
his lectures on "Harvard in the Early Six- 
ties." He was a member of the Massachu- 
setts Genealogical Society, and was treasurer 
of the Walpole, X. H. /public library from 
1901 to 1911. He was unmarried and the 
last of his family. 

COL. JOHN F. MARSH 
Col. John F. Marsh, a native of the town of 
tludson, born February 1, 1S28. son of Fitch 
P. and Mary Jane (Emery) Marsh, died at 
his home in Springfield, Mass., January 10, 
1915. 

He was educated in the public schools and 
at the Crosby Literary Institute in Nashua. 
He served in the Ninth Lmited States 
Infantry, under Capt. George Bowers and 
Gen. Franklin Pierce in the Mexican War, 
and participated in the battles of Contreras, 
Churubusco, Molino Del Rey and the storming 
of Chapultepec. After the war he taught 
school for a time in his native town but when 
the California "gold fever" broke out in 
1849, he sailed from Galveston, Texas, around 
-the Horn, being four months making the 
journey, but clearing up several thousand 
dollars within a year after his arrival in Cali- 
fornia. Later he established a trading po3t 
there. In 1855 he was appointed a special 
agent in the postal service between New York 
and San Francisco. In 1S56 he settled in 
Hastings, Mich., where he was soon made 
postmaster and wa3 later chosen mayor. 
Upon the outbreak of the Civil War he 
enlisted in the Sixth Wisconsin Infantry, 
was appointed a lieutenant, and soon pro- 
moted to captain. Wounded in the battle of 
Gainesville he was later made lieutenant- 
colonel of the Twelfth New Hampshire; but 
another severe wound at Chancellorsville 
compelled his retirement from active service, 
and he was transferred to the veteran reserve 
corps. April 20, 1865, he was commissioned 
colonel of the Twenty-fourth United States 
colored infantry, but declined the office, 
doubting the expediency of enlisting the freed 
men as soldiers. He was brevetted Colonel 
"for gallant and meritorious service at the 
battle of Chancellorsville/' and in August, 
1865, resigned from the army. In Novem- 
ber, 1866. he was appointed pension agent 
at Concord, but soon resigned to engage in 



paper manufacturing in Nashua, where he 
remained till 1874," when he removed to 
Springfield, Mass., where he established the 
Springfield Glazed Paper Company, of 
which he was treasurer and general manager, 
for niore than a quarter of a century till his 
retirement from active business. 'He was 
elected to the Massachusetts House of Repre- 
sentatives in 1S99, and to the State Senate in 
1901 and 1902. 

Colonel Marsh was a Mason and a member 
of the Loyal Legion. He had been twice 
married, and leaves one son, Frank W. Marsh 
of Springfield. 

HON. EZRA 8. STEARNS 
Hon. Ezra S. Stearns, formerly, for many 
years Secretary of the State of New Hamp- 
shire, bom in Rindge, September 1, 1838, died 
in Fitchburg, Mass., March 8, 1915. 

Mr. Stearns was educated in the public 
schools and at Chester Institute, Chester, 
N. J. He commenced active life in journal- 
ism, becoming editor and manager of the 
Fitchburg Daily Chronicle. Returning to hi3 
native town he engaged in historical and gen- 
ealogical research, and later in public affairs. 
He served as a representative from Rindge in 
the legislatures of 1864-5-6-7 and 1S70, as a 
state senator from 1886 to 1890, and as a 
representative again in 1891, and as Secretary 
of State from 1891 to 1S99, when he resigned, 
removing shortly after to Fitchburg, Mass., 
where he had since had his home. 

He was a historical and genealogical stu- 
dent and writer, and was particularly con- 
versant with the history of New Hampshire. 
He was the author of a history of Rindge, of 
Plymouth, and of Ashburnham, Mass., was 
a prolific contributor to historical magazines 
and published many monograms bearing on 
historical and genealogical subjects. He was 
a member of the New Hampshire Historical 
Society, New England Historic Genealogical 
Society, the American Antiquarian Society of 
Worcester, the Minnesota Historical Society 
and the Fitchburg Historical Society. He 
received the honorary degree of Master of 
Arts from Dartmouth College in 1887. 

ROBERT B. UPHAM 

Robert Baxter L T pham, a grandson of Hon. 
George B. Upham of Claremont ; one of the 
early New Hampshire Congressmen, and a 
son of the late Dr. James Baxter Upham of 
Boston, died at his home in Claremont, Febru- 
ary 6, 1915, at the age of 52 years. 

He was born in Boston, January 25, 1863, 
was educated at St. Mark's School at South- 
boro, Mass., and Harvard College, and was for 
two years engaged in banking in Kansas. 
Later he removed to New York, where he was 
interested in railroad affairs and the paving 



New Hampshire Necrology 



91 



industry, but retired from business two years 
ago on account of failing health, and settled in 

("laremont, on the old Upjaam homestead. 
His wife, whom he married in 1S96, survives 
ium. She was Ruth B., a daughter of the 
late James P. Upham. Mr. Upham was a 
.student and a lover of literature, with strong 
poetic tastes and a personal gift in that 
direction, as shown by his Anniversary poem, 
on the occasion of the recent One Hundred 
Fiftieth Anniversary of C laremont. 

MRS. EMILY L. BECKWITH. 

Emily Louisa ( Parker) Beekwith, widow of 
the late Ransom P. Beekwith of Lempster, 
died at the residence of her son in Claremout, 
February 12, 1915. 

Mrs. Beekwith was - the daughter of the 
late Benjamin and Olive (Nichols) Parker 
of Lempster born July 2, 1S27. She was a 
sister of Hiram Parker of that town and Hon. 
Hosea W. Parker of Claremont. She attended 
school in her native town and at Lebanon, and 
taught for some time previous to her marriage 
in 1848. Her husband died in 1S62, leaving her 
with two sons— the late Prof. Walter P. Beek- 
with, for some time principal of the Salem, 
Mass., Normal School, and Hira B.., a promi- 
nent architect and builder of Claremont— for 
whose education she made many sacrifices, and 
whose success was in no small degree attribu- 
table to her wise care and guardianship. She 
was a woman of rare intelligence, thoroughly 
devoted to duty as she understood it, and an 
earnest Universalist in her religious convic- 
tions. 

ALVAH B. CHELL1S. 

Alvah Bean Chellis, a prominent citizen of 
Plainfield, died at his home in Meriden Vil- 
lage, February 14, 1915. 

Mr. Chellis was a native of Grantham, a 
son of John P. and Lucinda (Bean) Chellis, 
and removed with his parents to Plainfield, 
when about 'fourteen years of age. He was 
educated at Kimball Union Academv and was 
for several years engaged in teaching after 
graduation. Subsequently he returned to 
the home farm, where he continued till about 
a year before his death v. lien he removed to 
Meriden Village. He had served some years 
as chairman of the board of selectmen." as a 
member of the school board and. as superin- 
tending committee. He was active and 
prominent in Masonry and a past master 
of _ Meriden Grange P. of H. October 19, 
1S70, he married Harriett L. Rossiter, of 
Windsor, Vt. who survives, with one son, 
Converse A., of Meriden, a graduate of 
Dartmouth College. 

LESLIE W. CATE 
Leslie W." Gate, a well-known citizen of 
Northwood and a member of the Cate- 
Quimby Shoe Company of that town, died at 
his home in that town January 14, 1915, after 
a long illness. 



Mr. Gate was born in Strafford, July 25, 
1S57, sou of William and Nancy (Scruton) 
Gate, and was educated in the public schools 
and at Xorthwood Seminary. He learned 
the shoe manufacturing business in youth, 
being engaged in different places, but for the 
last ten years was in business in Northwood, 
where he filled a large place in the esteem of 
his fellow townsmen, on account of his high 
character and devoted citizenship as well as 
his business integrity. He was prominent 
in Masonry and Odd Fellowship, had been 
master of the Northwood Grange, and secre- 
tary of Eastern New Hampshire Pomona 
Grange. In religion he was actively identi- 
fied with the Free Baptist Church. 

Mr. Cate was twice married — first, in 
1877, to Miss Abbie I. Hill of Northwood, 
who died five years later; second, in 1S88, to 
Miss Harriet B. Bennett of Newmarket, who 
survives him, as does one son, Russell, and 
one brother, Joseph Gate of Lee. 

JAMES L. GERR1SH 
James I/. Gerrish, born in that part of 
Boscawen now Webster, May 1 1 , 1S3S, died 
at the residence of his son, in Lowell, Mass, 
January 21, 1915. 

Mr. Gerrish was a descendant, in the eighth 
generation, from Capt. William Gerrish of 
Bristol, England, who settled in Newbury, 
Mass., in 1639. His great grandfather, Col. 
Henry Gerrish marched from Boscawen to 
Medford, Mass., after the battle of Lexington, 
as a captain of minute-men, and served as 
lieutenant-colonel in Stark's regiment in the 
Bennington Campaign. Moses Gerrish, his 
grandfather, cleared up the farm upon which 
he was born, nearly a century and a quarter 
ago. on which farm he remained with his 
brother, Dea. H. H. Gerrish, throughout his 
entire active life. He was educated in the 
public schools and at the Academies at 
Hopkinton, Reed's Ferry and Boscawen. 

He was prominent in agricultural affairs 
for many years, and devoted much thought 
and care to experimentation along various 
lines including the breeding of sheep and 
Channel Island cattle, as well as forestry 
and fertilization, and wrote extensively for 
the agricultural press. In politics he was a 
Republican and served his town as a select- 
man and as a representative in 1.883, serving 
as Chairman of the Agricultural College 
Committee. -He was for many years secre- 
tary of the Granite State Dairymen's Associa- 
tion, was a Patron of Husbandry and had been 
lecturer of Daniel Webster and Merrimack 
County Pomona Granges. He was a mem- 
ber of Company E, Sixteenth New Hamp- 
shire Volunteers in the Civil War, having 
been promoted and mustered out with his 
re'dment in August, 1863. In religion he was 
a Congresationalist and an active and inter- 
ested member of the church in Webster 
where he long sang in the choir with Dea. 
Henrv F. Pearson, who rendered a solo at the 



92 



The Granite M&ntkly 



last service in his ass* 

old homestead on Jam 

Mr. Gerrisn was t 

Sarah R. Chandler o; 



jiate's memory at the 

iry 23, last . 
•ice married, first to 
Penacook. December 
22, 1S64, by whom he had three children, two 
of them now living, — Edwin C. a graduate 
of the New Hampshire College, now of Lowell, 



Mass., and Mabel A., wife of Charles B. Page, 
now of Monroe, Mich. January 9, 1894 
some years after his first wife's decease, he 
married Mrs. Mary S. Kenevel of Fort Scott, 
Kansas, who, with the children named and 
seven grandchildren, as well as a step-son. 
George D. Kenevel — survives. 



EDITOR AND PUBLISHER'S NOTES 



Unforeseen conditions rendered impossible 
the publication of this double number of the 
Granite Monthly for February and March 
at as early a date as had -been hoped and 
expected. * It is safe to say, however, that 
the April number will be issued before the 
close of the month, while it is the present 
purpose of the publisher to issue a double 
number for May and June in the nature of a 
souvenir edition commemorative of the 
one hundred and fiftieth anniversary of the 
charter of Concord, granted by the Pro- 
vincial Legislature June 7. 1765, plans for 
the formal celebration of which are now 
being perfected, the city government having 
voted an appropriation of $2,500 to defray 
the necessary expenses of the same. 

While the anniversary proper, above re- 
ferred to, will come on Monday it is proposed 
that the celebration shall practically cover 
three days, appropriate religious services 
being held in all the churches of the city on 
Sunday morning. June 6, with a union service 
ia which all the churches shall join,, at the 
Auditorium or some other central gathering 
place in the evening. On Monday, the 7th, 
a grand military and civic parade is planned 
for the forenoon, and a programme of appro- 
priate exercises in the afternoon; while for 
Tuesday, the Sth, a. trade and industrial 
parade in the morning, a grand legislative 
reunion at the State House in the middle of 
the day, followed by an automobile parade 
in the afternoon, are the contemplated fea- 
tures, with sports and band concerts at 
proper laterals each day, and a historical 
pageant Monday afternoon. The necessary 
committees have been announced and the 
wo»-k of preparation will" be entered upon 
immediately. 

While Concord is preparing for a fitting 
celebration of her one hundred and fiftieth 
anniversary, the town of Hopkinton, which 



was the rival of the former as a candidate for 
the permanent seat of the State Govern- 
ment a hundred years ago, or more, is 
planning a similar celebration to come off 
some time in the summer — probably at the 
opening of Old Home Week, in August, the 
sum of $500 having been appropriated at 
the recent annual town meeting for the 
purpose, which is a libera! amount, indeed, 
for a town of its size and valuation. The 
charter of the town was granted January 10, 
1765, but the celebration could not fittingly 
be held at that season of the year, but can 
most appropriately be held in Old Home 
Week, when we may look for a general 
home coming of the town's absent sons and 
daughters, now scattered far and wide. 



An organization, to be known as the " Civic 
Union," has been formed in Concord for the 
purpose of insuring the coordination and 
cooperation of all the forces and agencies 
working for civic betterment and the pro- 
motion of the general welfare — an example 
which other cities and the larger towns of 
the state may do well to follow. Harry F. 
Lake, Esq., is the president; Harriet L. 
Huntress, vice-president; Agnes Mitchell, 
secretary; and Elwin L. Page, treasurer, 
with a council of fifteen, of which the officers 
are also ex-oflltio members, constituting a 
governing board. Meetings are to be held 
bi-monthly or oftener if deemed desirable. 



The legislature of 1915 is still in session as 
this issue of the Granite Monthly goes to 
pre*?, with a good deal of necessary work 
uncompleted, and fully as much purely 
partisan work done, or approaching comple- 
tion, as was undertaken two years ago. 
What shall be done with reference to the 
railroad problem,, which in its complexity 
seems almost to defy solution, is the upper- 
most question in the legislative mind as the 
end approaches. 



Vol. XI.V1I, No. 4 



APRIL, 1915 



New Series, Vol. X, No. 4 




:• A. New Hampshire Magazine 

Devoted to History, Biography, Literature and State Progress 






CONTENTS FOR APRIL 



i5§L Hon. A. Chester Clark. With Frontispiece . 
rgm B y William E. Wallace. 

•?■£& History of the Congregational Church of Meredith, ST. H. 
By Sarah M. Noyes. Illustrated. 






^§h 



in 



t; 



:■?#. 






Reminiscences of Portsmouth Authors . . 

By C. A. Haziett. 

The English Language . . . . . 
By Marilla M. Kicker. With Portrait. 

That Fatal Night . . ..... 

By William Child, M. D. 

A Country Walk in April . . . . . 

By Fred Myron Colby. 

New Hampshire Necrology ..... 

Editor and Publisher's Notes .... 

Poems 

By Cyrus A. Stone, Carl Bureil, D. tia Hoaey, and Chnrle; Clarke. 






103 
111 
119 
121 



s 









124 









Issued by The Granite Monthly Company 

HENRY H. METCALF. Editor and Manager 



TERMS : St.00 per annum, In ad - v <, ;7 ~" <o !f not paid in adyance. Single copies, IS cents 1 



'Jtv 



'-'-t/6 



'a;- 



concord,,-: ^,;915 

Entered at the post office at Concord as second-class mail matter. 



mi whim ■ i m ii i i ir » • . - -^>'. , ::*jiasimmn8 









. f 




. ^ 



HON. A. CHESTER CLARK 
Judge of the Concord Municipal Court 



7 3 



The Granite Monthly 



Vol. XLVIT, No. 4 



APRIL. 191; 



New Series, Vol 10, No. i 



HON. A. CHESTER CLARK 

By William E. Wallace 



Although an unflinching Democrat, 
not over-selfish, had Judge Allan 
Chester Clark nor felt a tingle of 
self -gratula tion at the distinguished 
consideration shown him by Governor 
Rolland H. Spaulding and the Council 
by his appointment to the municipal 
court bench of Concord, he would not 
have been human. When the an- 
nouncement of the appointments of 
justices cume after the reorganization 
of the courts and this list was scanned 
with a memory of the governor's 
earlier edict that those who had made 
good would be retained, regardless 
of politics, the only possible assump- 
tion was that of all the Democrats 
named by Governor Feiker, Judge 
Clark was une of scarcely half a 
dozen that responded to the Spaulding 
test of fitness. 

Without attempting -any analysis 
of the governor's method of reasoning 
as to the other Democratic judges, 
there is no gainsaying that he hewed 
close to his rule in the case of Judge 
Clark. For the judge did make good. 
His work was so eminently satis- 
factory that there never was the least 
doubt that he would be reappointed 
from the moment the leaders of the 
legislature had determined to include 
the district courts in their retaliatory 
program. The endorsements of Judge 
Clark were so general as to be almost 
monotonous. If there were many in 
Concord who did not wish him re- 
tained, they kept the fact to them- 
selves, and though doubtless there 
were those who would not have been 
averse to serving as justice in the 



mucinipal court of that city, none 
came forward to let it be known. 

The reason is simple. The judge 
took his work seriously and applied 
his time and talent to seeing that 
everybody got his just due in the 
court. He is a firm believer in the 
probation system, and, in the absence 
of any statutory provision for that 
method in the disposition of adult 
criminal matters, he did in Concord 
what Judge Ben B. Lindsey bad done' 
in Denver — made one of his own. 
This meant extra work, inasmuch as 
he was without the necessary machin- 
ery to carry the plan out unless he 
did it himself. That is what he did 
do and is doing. When anybody gets 
a chance to go forth and try again in 
Judge Clark's court, the condition 
attached to the chance is that he shall 
show the judge that he is really tread- 
ing the straight and narrow path. 
The probationer is expected to keep 
in touch with the court until the 
judge is satisfied he is actually going 
straight. 

Plis particular interest is in the 
domestic relations phase of the social 
problem. He has little consideration 
for the man who wilfully shirks his 
responsibility to wife or children, but 
he works on the theory that the aver- 
age man who fails to support his 
family can by proper attention be 
made to do so. Anyway, it is eco- 
nomically wasteful to send a man to 
jail where the county must support 
him and, in nine cases out of ten, 
support the dependent wife and chil- 
dren as well while the man is in jail. 



94 



The Granite Monthly 



Judge Clark has found that most men 
brought before him gladly promise to 
mend their ways * and. except in 
especially flagrant cases, the chance 
is given. But his connection with 
the case does not end with the lecture 
in the court room. Judge Clark sees 
to it that the man actually does sup- 
port his family and. where it appears 
necessary, he requires that the man 
turn over his pay to the court or some 
responsible person and the money is 
expended under the direction of the 
court. Always when possible he 
keeps the family together, but where 
this is impracticable he compels the 
father to support his children in 
some other homp, or in an institution. 
All of this imposes much gratuitous 
labor upon himself, but the satisfac- 
tion that comes to him from the con- 
templation of reunited and happy 
families is ample compensation. 

The knowledge of what Judge Clark 
has been doing along this line was one 
of the more important reasons for 
the demand that he be retained when 
the courts wer^ reorganized. Another 
was his study of the juvenile delin- 
quent problem, which really is a by- 
product of unfavorable home sur- 
roundings in a majority of instances, 
and his success in working out a solu- 
tion of it. 

The demand for the retention of 
Judge Clark was not confined to ex- 
pressions from Concord citizens and 
those within the court district es- 
tablished by the legislature of 1913, 
which included several neighboring 
towns. "What the judge had been 
doing, in the way of common-sense 
administration of justice, spread be- 
yond the confines of his jurisdiction 
and frequent requests that he come 
and tell them what he was doing were 
made upon him. The result was 
that, when the reorganization of the 
courts, through return to power of the 
Republican party, was threatened 
and still later accomplished, numerous 
sponsors for Judge Clark's reap- 
pointment sent in requests to Gover- 
nor Spaulding and his councilors. 



They desired his continuance as jus- 
tice of the court in Concord for the 
good effect it might have on justices 
in other cities and towns. 

Judge Clark was born July 4, 1877> 
on the Clark homestead farm, cleared 
in the wilderness by his paternal 
great-grandfather, William Clark, 
about a century and a quarter ago,, 
in what- is now Center Harbor. So 
he comes of hardy stock and early 
showed a disposition to get out and 
shape his own destiny, being moved 
by much the same spirit as that of 
his ancestor when he went into the 
woods on the shore of Winnipesaukee 
with his axe. There was the same old 
independence of character, the differ- 
ence being that while his forbear suc- 
cumbed to the call of the wild, it was 
the desire for an education that was 
the lure prompting him to sally forth 
from the home farm in his fifteenth 
year to shift for himself. He had 
exhausted the resources of the country 
schools of Center Harbor. While he 
was attending the high school in 
Meredith, he worked in stores and in 
the town printing office in order to 
earn money to pay his way, for when 
he left home it was with the deter- 
mination to take care of himself 
without assistance from home. 

He made good in this intention as 
he has in everything else he has tried 
except one, not counting, of course, 
a few political forlorn hopes he enter- 
tained from time to time in situations 
where Democrats were fore-ordained 
to defeat. There have been some 
extremely lean periods in his career, 
but remittances from home never 
came to alleviate them. When he 
completed the courses the Meredith 
High School had to offer, he went to 
the New Hampton Literary Institu- 
tion. He completed the English and 
scientific courses and then returned 
to prepare for college. Inasmuch as 
he was paying his own way, necessarily 
there were some breaks in his school- 
ing. One of these came in 1901 after 
he had finished the college prepara- 
tory course. 



Hon. A. Chester Clark 



95 



During his stay sit New Hampton 
he had been connected with the 

Hamplonia, the school paper, either 
as editor-in-chief or business manager, 
for four years. At tins time Clarence 
B. Burleigh, the founder of the llamp- 
tonicij was managing editor of the 
Daily Kennebec Journal, the organ 
of Governor, now Senator, Edwin C. 
Burleigh at Augusta, Maine, and, 
appreciating the talent Clark had 
shown in building up the school 
paper, the managing editor figured 
he would be a valuable addition to 
the Journal staff. He offered Clark 
a position on the city staff and the 
latter accepted and broke into news- 
paper work under the tutelage of his 
predecessor on the Hamptonia. He 
remained there until the fall of 1902, 
when he entered Dartmouth College. 
In his sophomore year he was forced 
to discontinue his college career for 
financial reasons. 

At this stage of his development 
there was a reversion to type. Real 
estate appealed to him as a likely 
road to wealth. Pie did not shoulder 
an axe, though, and strike into a 
wilderness. He opened an office in 
Meredith and essayed to turn over 
farms and town property already 
developed into summer homes. This 
is where he scored his big failure. 
Instead of money rolling in, he piled 
up debts and he took the unusual 
course of turning to the study of law, 
instead of selling insurance, for re- 
lief. Pie began reading law with 
Bertram Biaisdell, incidental to his 
real estate business at Meredith. 
Finally it was borne home to him that 
real estate was not his forte as a side- 
issue and during the session of the 
legislature in 1905 he came to Concord 
to try his hand at general newspaper 
work, while continuing his law studies. 
He read in the offices of Gen. John II. 
Albin and Joseph A. Donigan, inter- 
mittently with his newspaper work, 
until his admission to the bar on 
June 27, 1913. Since that time he has 
devoted his energies exclusively to the 
practice of his profession, on the 



bench in the lower court and in his 
private practice in the other state and 
the federal courts. 

Judge Clark was appointed to the 
bench six weeks after he was admitted 
to the bar, having previously served as 
Clerk of the District Court under Asso- 
ciate J ustice Willis G, Buxton, now jus- 
tice of the Boscawen Police Court. 

Politics always had a strong attrac- 
tion for Judge Clark. He held several 
minor offices in Center Harbor, al- 
though he never attained election 
to the Board of Selectmen of the 
town — a great regret to him — as every 
generation of the Clarks from the 
settling of his great-grandfather in the 
town, down to the present, has sat 
on the Board. In 1902, while a 
Freshman at Dartmouth, he was 
nominated on both tickets, Republi- 
can and Democratic, for delegate 
to the Constitutional Convention and 
was elected, being the youngest dele- 
gate in the body. Ten years later he 
served as secretary of the next Con- 
stitutional Convention, being the lone 
Democrat in the organization of that 
convention. 

He is a fluent speaker, in either 
formal discourse or casual conversa- 
tion. In his school days at New 
Plampton he won the Bates College 
debating prize in 1900, 

The social instinct is strongly de- 
veloped in Judge Clark, with the 
result that he is connected with a 
large number of organizations. Pie is 
a member of the American Institute 
of Criminal Law and Criminology 
and of the New Hampshire Bar Asso- 
ciation, among those identified with 
his profession. He still retains his 
association with his former fellow- 
craftsmen in the journalistic field by 
membership in the New Hampshire 
Press Association, and. is a member 
of the Wonolancet, the Temple, the 
Unitarian and Beaver Meadow Golf, 
social clubs in his home city. In 
fraternal circles he belongs to Cho- 
corua Lodge, A. F. & A. M., of Mere- 
dith; to Concord Lodge, Knights of 
Pythias; Augusta Young Temple. Py- 



96 The Granite Monthly 

tfaian Sisterhood and Capital Grange, fact, than" any other thus far. When 

In the Knights of Pythias he is "a the Telker administration is measured 

Past .-Chancellor of Concord Lodge later oil, without a speedometer in 

and a Past Deputy Grand Chancellor mind,, it will be admitted that he 

of the Grand Lodge. He is also a gave the Commonwealth service of a 

member of the Sons of the American high order through the quality of his 

Revolution and the New Hampshire appointments. But with regard to 

Historical Society, and a director in the delays, it seems to be pretty 

the Concord Board of Trade. generally agreed that, both for his 

Much has been written in the press own fame and Judge Clark's, his 

about the delays of Governor Samuel deliberation in selecting a district 

D. Felker — more about that phase police justice in Concord was for.tu- 

of his administration, as a matter of nate all around. 



LOOKING DOWN THE VALLEY 

By Cyrus A. Stone 

We have climbed a rugged pathway, we have scaled the mountain wall, 
And we stand upon the summit in the sunset's waning light, 

Before us lies the valley where the lengthening shadows fall, - 
That foretell the speedy coming of the night. 

We think how very quickly our little day has fled, . 

With its chances 'and its changes, its scenes of light and shade: 
Though a thousand memories linger as we walk with cautious tread 

Above the burial places where our fondest hopes were laid. 



Our dreams are of the absent ones, so worthy, wise and true. 

Who filled with lofty purpose the measure of their days; 
They wrought with willing hands awhile, thea passed beyond our view, 

And nevermore in human guise shall walk earth's thorny ways. 

They could not tarry longer, for each heavy task was done; 

With heart and hand grown weary, they sought the promised rest, 
And, homeward through the gloaming, they hastened one by one, 

When the paling sunset's afterglow lit up the golden west. 

We trust they do not slumber, those whom we held most dear, 
The grave could not confine them within its cold embrace, - 

But in a fairer country, and a purer atmosphere, 

We shall see them, we shall know them, we shall meet them face to face. 

And sweet will be the meeting, though the parting has been long; 

The joy more true and tender than we ever knew before, 
And our voices will ring clearer in the grand triumphant song. 

As with footsteps never failing we walk the " shining shore." 

Then let the shadows gather as the night comes stealing on, 
Draping with sable curtains the landscape cold and gray, 

Beyond the darkening valley is the bright immortal dawn 

That shall break in changeless beauty o'er the green hills far away. 



C,q 



HISTORY OF THE CONGREGATIONAI 
CHURCH OF MEREDITH, N. H. 

By Sarah M, Noyes* 



In the ancient records of the Con- 
gregational Church in Meredith is 
found the following statement: 

At a meeting of a council of ministers 
convened at Mr. Moses Morse's in Center 
Harbor, by letters missive from Rev. Echvard 
Warren missionary, in behalf of an intended 
church to be organized the same as a Congre- 
gational Church. Present Rev. d Messrs. 
Shaw, Hidden, Hebard, Turner, Field and 
Mr. Warren, on the 20 th of February, 1815. 
After organizing and deliberating for some 
time, unanimously agreed on the subject, and 
repaired to the House of Worship. 

The meeting was opened by prayer, 
and the articles of faith and the cov- 
enant were read. Thirteen men and 
women presented letters from other 
churches and assented to the cove- 
nant, which they signed. Mr. Moses 
Morse was chosen to he their deacon. 
The church thus organized was re- 
ceived into the fellowship of the Con- 
gregational Churches, and received 
the name of "The Congregational 
Church of Christ in Center Harbor 
and Meredith, third division/' 

The place of meeting was probably 
a small church building west of Center 
Harbor village, which had been used 
by different denominations. It was 
erected in 1812. 

The First Congregational Society, 
in Meredith was incorporated by act 
of the New Hampshire Legislature in 
1817, and was authorized, to transact 
all legal business of the church. This 
society was made up of men, not 
necessarily members of the church, 
and numbered twenty-two members 
at this time. Many years later women 
were allowed to join the society. 

The first meeting was held at David 
Bean's Inn; David Bean was chosen 
moderator, and John Sanborn clerk. 



For four years the church had no 
pastor, but quarterly conferences were 
held, and preaching services at the 
old meeting houses in Center Harbor, 
and Meredith, alternately. Pastors of 
neighboring churches, or ministers 
sent by a Massachusetts society, con- 
ducted these meetings until they came 
under the care of the Tscw Hampshire 
Home Missionary Society. 

The earnest spirit of these early 
members is indicated by the following 
vote passed in 1816; viz: " To worship 
God statedly in a public manner on 
the Sabbath, even when they had no 
preaching/' 

They also passed this resolution: 
"Resolved, that we regard the private 
worship of God as of vital importance. 
Every head of a family in the church 
is required to worship Gccl in a social 
manner in his heme, morning and 
evening. " 

The first pastor of the church was 
Rev. David Smith, who was installed 
March 24, 1819, and died in 1824, 
We are indebted to his daughter, Mrs. 
Eunice Tine, for interesting particu- 
lars of this pastorate, given in letters 



written some vears ago. 



he also 



sent silhouettes of her father and 
mother. 

From Temple, in the District of 
Maine, Rev. David Smith came with 
his wife, six children and household 
goods. The distance was 130 miles; 
the conveyance an ox team, and sled, 
with canvas cover. Ten days were 
required for this journey, which, in 
March, with the probable condition 
of the roads, must have required the 
spirit of genuine pioneers. 

The home to which they came was 
the house now occupied by Mrs. 
James Hines, about a mile from the 
village on the road to Center Harbor. 



*Read at -the One Hundredth Anniversary Cerebration of the Centra 
Center Harbor, February 22, 1915. 



itiosa] Churches of Meredith and 



OS 



The Granite Monthly 



The room now used as a kitchen was 
the minister's stud} . The minister 
received a salary of *200 per year, 

One Saturday afternoon. Mr. 
Smith was at work in his field, plant- 
ing corn, when one of his deacons, 
Doctor Sanborn, rode by on horse- 
back, with his saddle-bags. He 
stopped, and said, "Mr. Smith, I am 
surprised to see you here; you ought 
to be in your study Saturday after- 
noon, instead of working in your 
field." 

"Yes," the good minister replied, 
"bur my family must have bread, and 
I must plant my corn to furnish it. 
I feel rich when I can have Saturday 
afternoon in my study, but I can't 
have even that today." 

The old meeting house was situated 
on the other side of the road not far 
from the parsonage. It was a plain, 
wooden building not plastered, and 
too cold for comfort in winter; and 
meetings in cold weather were held 
in the school-house. Mr. Smith died 
of consumption in 1824. Mrs. Smith 
outlived her husband two years. She 
was a cripple at this time and walked 
to church with a crutch and kitchen 
chair, sitting down by the way to 
rest. ' 

The church numbered forty-one 
members at the time of Mr. Smith's 
death. The next pastor was Rev. 
Reuben Porter, who was installed 
January 1, 1829, and dismissed April 
27, 1830. Eleven members were 
added to the church during this brief 
period. 

Rev. Joseph Lane was installed 
April 20, 1831. At this time the name 
of the .First Congregational Church 
in'Meredith was assumed. In March, 

1832, the society records show that 
a vote was passed "to build a meeting 
house without a cupola." This was 
completed and dedicated February 7, 

1833. It was situated at the foot of 
Meredith hill near the Lake shore. 
The pews were sold "at vendue" and 
struck off to the highest bidder. After 
this, meetings were held in the new 
church one-half the time; one-half of 



the remaining time at Center Harbor, 
and tne remaining half in the old 
church at the top of the hill, which 
was left standing for some time. 

This was a period of rapid growth in 
the church. A printed sketch of the 
history of the church, in speaking of 
Mr. Lane, says that "he was formerly 
a missionary to the Choctaw Indians" ; 
and that "the revival of religion 
which took place during his pastorate 
gave an entirely new aspect to 
the moral atmosphere of the town." 
During the year 1831, thirty-two 
members were received into the 
church, many of them business men 
of the town, with their wives. Six- 
teen members were added in 1832, a 
total of forty-eight during Mr. Lane's 
pastorate. 

In 1833, Mr. Lane was requested 
by the New Hampshire Bible Society 
to become their agent, and decided it 
his duty to do so. 

The religious interest continued 
during the two years' pastorate of 
Rev. Abram Wheeler, and twenty- 
eight were received into membership. 
About this time. Miss Jane B. Leavitt, 
a member of this church, became a 
missionary of the Board of Foreign 
Missions. She married Rev. John L. 
Seymour, and they were missionaries 
among the Indians many years. 

Judith Leavitt, who joined in 1833, 
became the wife of Rev. John Taylor, 
joined the Baptist Church, and went 
■with her husband as a missionary to 
Siam. Her health failed, and on the 
voyage home she died, and was buried 
in the ocean. 

A prominent member of this family 
was Dudley Leavitt, the astronomer. 
He was not a member of the church. 
At one evening meeting his wife made 
one of her fervent prayers that her 
husband might be saved. After she 
sat down, her husband arose, and said, 
"We read in God's word, that the 
unbelieving husband shall be justified 
by the prayers of the believing wife," 
took his hat, and walked out. Their 
son, Isaac Leavitt, with his wife, were 
devout members of the church; and 



The Congregational Church of Meredith, X. H. 



99 



their descendants still live in the an- 
cestral home, and are faithful to the 
church of their ancestors. 

Rev. Eli W. Taylor was installed 
pastor March 28, 1838. The church 
in Center Harbor was organized April 
8, and letters of dismission and rec- 
ommendation to that church were 



forever abolished: and that we will 
not knowingly commune with slave- 
holders as Christians: and that we 
will not have a slave holder as a 
Christian minister." 

In 1837 "a committee was ap- 
pointed to put the price upon produce 
that may be paid to the minister." 



CONGREGATIONAL CHURCH, MEREDITH, N. H. 

Dedicated February 7, 183:5. Removed to Prevent Location in 1S42. 
Remodeled and Repaired in 1S71. 



given to fourteen members. During 
the pastorate of Mr. Taylor there were 
thirty accessions. 

In 1841 he resigned, and took letters 
to a church in Richmond. Va. In 
1841 this church passed the following 
resolution: " Resolved that Slave- 
holding under all possible circum- 
stances, is a sin against God and man, 
and ought to be immediately and 



Also a committee 
minister is supplied 
necessaries of life 
was also appointed 
Bays be kept in t 
during public wors 
resolution was pass 
"the use of Ardent . 
age, and the traffic 
November 22, 



"to see that the 
with the common 
.." A committee 
"to see that the 
heir proper place 
hip." In 1842 a 
;ed affirming that 
Spirits as a bever- 
in it is sin." • 
1842, Rev. Giles 



100 



The Granite Monthly 



Leach was installed pastor of the 
church, and remained until 1854. 
During this period, ihirtv-two joined 
the church. The oldest living mem- 
ber. Mrs. Sarah Badger Smith, joined 
in 1842, and is the only survivor of 
this period. 

Mr. Leach was an earnest preacher, 
and a faithful pastor and became 
closely identified with the people of 
the town during these years. His 
wife was greatly beloved. Two 
daughters, married residents of the 
town, Mrs. Dr. Henry Sanborn, and 
Mrs. J. W. Lang, Jr. When Mr. 
Leach resigned his pastorate the 
church gave expression to their deep 
appreciation of his faithfulness and 
ability while among them, as a pastor, 
a Christian and a man. In 1842 the 
church building was moved to its 
present location on Highland Street. 

During the two years succeeding 
Mr. Leach's pastorate, the pulpit was 
supplied by Rev. Edward T. Farweil, 
and Rev. Isaac F. Holt on. 

Rev. Charles Burnham received a 
call to the pastorate December, 1S56, 
and remained until 1ST], the longest 
continuous pastorate in the history 
of the church. Mr. Burnham was for 
several years superintending school 
committee of the town. 

During the period of the Civil War, 
large numbers of the men of the town 
were away in the army, and the work 
of the church was carried on by the 
older men and the women. The con- 
gregations were diminished as a mat- 
ter of course. 

The house which was scanding on 
the spot where the parsonage is now 
located was purchased by Mr. Joseph 
W. Lang in 1SG7 or 18GS. and was 
used as parsonage for many years, 
until it was moved off and the present 
parsonage was built. 

In 1865, we find recorded the resig- 
nation of two faithful deacons. Dr. 
John Sanborn, and Richard Furber. 
Doctor Sanborn was one of the 
earliest members, joining in 1817. 
About the same time he was elected 
clerk of the church, and kept the 



records until 1857, except for the 
years 1831-2. when Mr. Lane acted 
as clerk. He was also deacon for 
about the same period. 

Deacon Furber joined the church in 
1831, and was deacon for many years. 

Their successors in this office were 
Deacon Levi Leach, and Deacon 
Daniel Xorris. Others who have held 
the office were Horatio Newell, George 
Wiley, Charles D. Miloon, George 
H. x\ orris, David Whitcher and Frank 
Bartlett. Fifty names were added to 
the church roll, during Mr. Burnham's 
pastorate. 

In 1868, through the efforts of Mr. 
David Met calf, money was raised by 
subscription for a new church organ. 
Mr. Met calf was organist for several 
years; he was succeeded by Mrs. Mary 
Rollins, who, with Judge Rollins, were 
untiring in their efforts in the choir, 
as well as in the church and society 
during their lifetime. 

Mr. Burnham's pastorate closed in 
1871. Extensive repairs and altera- 
tions were made in the church edifice 
during the months following. The 
church was enlarged, the square 
tower removed and the spire added. 
Many individual gifts were made. 
The bell was given by Mrs. Joseph W. 
Lang; the chandelier by Mrs. George 
W. Lang; the pulpit by Mrs. Metcalf : 
the pulpit lamps by Mrs. Irene Smith; 
the Communion table by Mrs. S. W. 
Rollins: the organ lamps by Mrs. N, 
B. Wadleigh; the pulpit chairs by 
several other ladies. Total expense 
of repairs and gifts, 8*4,368.83. 

After the church was ready for use, 
several months elapsed before a pastor 
was secured. Many candidates were 
heard, but it seemed difficult to unite 
on any one. At length, however, Rev. 
George I. Bard received and accepted 
a call to become pastor of the church, 
in 1872. At this time a very large 
congregation assembled every Sun- 
day; the Sunday school was large and 
flourishing. 

Previous to this time the weekly 
prayer meetings were held at the 
homes of the members of the church, 



The Congregational Church of .Meredith, A". B 



101 



and were attended by few except the 

older members. Now a forward 
movement was made by renting 
rooms upstairs in the block owned by 
P. D. Blaisdell, where meetings and 
social gatherings were held. In 1878 
the chapel was built. 

The Gospel Temperance move- 
ment which swept over the town in 
1879 brought a transformation of 
conditions. Mr. Bard, with the 
church, entered heartily into the 
work. A deeply religious spirit char- 
acterized the meetings which had a 
powerful and lasting influence over 
many lives. 

Mr. Bard resigned his pastorate in 
1882. 

In February, 1SS3, Rev. John E. 
Wilctey accepted a call, and was or- 
dained and installed pastor of the 
church. He brought a bride to the 
parsonage and entered with enthu- 
siasm upon his work. He is the only 
former pastor present at this cen- 
tennial gathering. 

In 1886 he resigned his pastorate, 
and for over a year the church was 
without a pastor. For the greater 
part of this time, Rev. Frederic A. 
Perkins supplied the pulpit, residing 
with his sister. Airs. Joseph W. 
Lang. 

In November, 1887, Rev. Gilbert 
A. Curtis was installed pastor. Dur- 
ing the period of his pastorate and 
largely through his enorts the par- 
sonage was built. His health failed, 
and he spent the winter of 1891 in 
the South, resigning his pastorate in 
May of that year. There were 
thirteen additions to th'e church 
during his pastorate. Rev. Freeman 
C. Libby was ordained and installed 
pastor June 5, 1891. He also brought 
a bride to the parsonage. He was 
full of enthusiasm, and especially 
interested in active work for temper- 
ance. He resigned in 1895, and was 
dismissed by Council, with expres- 
sions of confidence and approval. 
There were sixteen additions to the 
church during his pastorate. 

The next pastor was Rev. Robert 



T. Osgood, who began his work July, 
1895. He was especially interested in 
young people and full of enthusiasm. 
After two years' service he was 
obliged to give up the work he so 
greatly loved, and resigned in Decem- 
ber, 1897. 

In July of that year. Judge Samuel 
W. Rollins who had been for many 
years ah active member of the Society 
and choir, and since September, 3S95, 
a member of the church, died very 
suddenly. 

Rev. George I. Bard and wife 
spent some months at the home of 
Mrs. Rollins subsequent to this, and 
a call was extended to him to become 
again the pastor of the church. He 
accepted, and began his second pas- 
torate January 1, 1898. For ten years 
and six months Air. and Airs. Bard 
gave themselves in loving service to 
this church and people, making with 
his previous pastorate a total of 
twenty-one years. During this period 
he won the respect and friendship of 
many who never came to his church. 
His charitable spirit and broad human 
sympathy endeared him to ail. 

Failing strength compelled him to 
relinquish pastoral work in 1908. 
Two years later, while on a visit to 
friends in Meredith, one morning he 
was suddenly translated from earth 
to the spiritual world. Airs. Bard is 
still a member of this church. 

The town clock was the gift of 
Aliss Virginia B. Ladd, in 1903. Dur- 
ing the same year, the interior of the 
chapel was thoroughly renovated and 
new seats and electric lights installed, 
by Airs. Mary R. Ward. 

During the time of Mr. Bard's ill- 
ness Dr. Willis P. Odell was tempo- 
rarily resident in Aleredith, and con- 
sented to supply the pulpit for a few 
months; and he finally became acting 
pastor for a period of two years. His 
eloquent sermons and genial manner 
attracted large numbers to church; 
and his marriage to one who was 
always an attendant and worker in 
the church, and whose family have 
always been .connected with, .the so- 



102 



The Granite Mont hit. 



eiety, cemented the ties that still 
bind the people to him. 

July 20, 1911. the church extended 
a call to Rev. Ezra J. Riggs which he 
accepted. After becoming acquainted 
with conditions in the town, he recog- 
nized the truth that the religious in- 
terests of the people would be better 
served, if the work were more cen- 
tralized and unified. The same con- 
viction was in the minds of many. 
The pastor of the Free Baptist Church 
agreed with Mi /Riggs that a federa- 
tion of the two churches was feasible 
and desirable. Committees were 
chosen to confer on the subject, and 
with the advice and assistance of 
State Secretaries Smith and Manter, 
the federation ,was accomplished. 

A unanimous call was extended to 
Rev. Elmer T. Blake to the pastorate 
of the federated churches. He ac- 
cepted, and began his work in Decem- 
ber, 1913. The results of a year of 
work 'together have shown the wisdom 



of such a union. Pastor and people 
begin a new century of work together, 
united in working for the spiritual 
and moral regeneration of the com- 
munity and town. 

But after all, who can write the 
history of a church? Names, dates, 
buildings, meetings are but the ex- 
ternal form, the shell. As a living 
vital power in a community, who can 
record the history of a church? 

The motive that brought these 
noble men and women of the past 
together was a lofty purpose: To 
worship God publicly and in their 
homes, to develop in their children 
reverence for things pure and holy; 
purity of character and nobility in all 
dealings with their fellow men. They 
had strong convictions and decision 
of character, and a vision of God and 
holy things that lifted their lives out 
of their narrow surroundings. To 
their successors they have left a 
noble legacv, and a sacred trust. 



KEARSARGE 

Bv Carl Burell 



So calm and grand beneath the morning sun, 
When shadows shorten on the burning plain. 

And we get restless over things undone. 
Till weariness becomes almost a pain. 

So calm and grand when cool dark shadows creep, 
Across the plain and up the eastern hills, 

While we poor creatures toil and fear and weep, 
As if life was one endless round of ills. 



So calm and grand beneath the silent stars, 
Wl en we get quiet because we are asleep. 

Or wake to wonder what it is that mars 

Our lives that we should worry, strive and weep. 

So calm and grand! Stretch forth your shadow arms ; 

In benediction over mortal dust, 
Take from our lives all foolish, false alarms, 
, And give us God-like love and love-like trust. 



/03 



REMINISCENCES OF PORTSMOUTH 
AUTHORS 

C. .4. Hazlett 



For nearly half a century it has 
been my privilege to know the major- 
ity of the authors who were natives 
or residents of the ''Old Town by the 
Sea/'' This title was selected by 
Thomas Bailey Aldrich in 1S74 for a 
contribution to Harper's Monthly and 
in 1SS3 it was published with additions 
in book form. The list of Portsmouth 
poets is a long one, for in 1864 my 
high school master. Aurin M. Payson, 
in connection with the poet, Albert 
Laighton. compiled and issued the 
" Poets of Portsmouth.'' Forty na- 
tives of Portsmouth were considered 
worthy of having their verses inserted. 
Alphabetically the book included Al- 
drich. Brewster, Fields, Kimball, 
Laighton and Shiilaber, all of whom 
I knew and will mention unpublished 
incidents concerning them, and also 
of the later authors, Albee, Foss, 
Hackett and Thaxter. 

Concerning Thomas Bailey Al- 
drich, there is sufficient material to 
cover many pages. It was mainly 
in his latter years that I knew and 
had correspondence with him while 
he was living in New York and 
Boston. Aldrich spent his summers 
in Portsmouth in the 50's and 60's. 
In 18GS he was giving all his spare 
time here in writing the story of 
"The Bad Boy" which had and still 
has a great sale and has been trans- 
lated into several foreign languages. 
When traveling in Russia, Aldrich 
noticed a small boy engrossed in a 
book and asking his guide to ascer- 
tain the title was told it w r as a trans- 
lation of a "Story of A Bad Boy." 
The book made Rivermouth and 
Portsmouth famous. It had many 
local allusions, in nearly all of which 
he was an active participant; tine 
stage-coach incident, however, being 
an exception, for ex-mayor William 
H. Sise told me that Aldrich was not 



one of the bad boys who burned the 
coach. Mayor Sise each year ob- 
served' the third of July by ordering 
and eating ice cream in the same shop 
where he and others celebrated the 
burning of the coach. I find in the 
Portsmouth Journal of October 28, 
1854, that the editor, C. W. Brewster, 
in his review of Aldrich's first book of 
poems "The Bells" wrote — ■" Seven 
years ago a lad of ten summers handed 
me a poetic address to his friends in 
Portsmouth, which was juvenile but 
far in advance of one of his age." 
Aldrich's acknowledgment of the 
notice in a letter in my possession 
wrote — li I was much amused at your 
reminiscense of my first verse. They 
came back to me like restored parts 
of an old painting. It seems years 
ago that I climbed your office stairs, 
manuscript in hand, and had my 
poetry published 'on my own hook.' 
I had not thought of it for six years. 
It is perhaps a little singular, my 
rhyming faculty deserted me and did 
not return for several years. I thank 
vou for your indulgent notice of "The 
Bells.'"' This letter shows that Al- 
drich was more precocious than his 
biographer, Ferris Greenslet, was 
aware of, for he fixed the date of Al- 
drich's contribution to the Journal 
four years later with the publication 
of "Sanbonio," which I find printed 
in the Portsmouth Journal of June 
21. 1851, followed the same year by 
the "Atkinson House," reprinted in 
the Rambles about Portsmouth. 

At the age of nineteen Aldrich com- 
posed the most famous of his early 
poems, "Baby Bell," at the time of 
the death of a child in his Aunt Frost's 
family. It was written on the backs 
of bills of lading while unloading a^ ves- 
sel in New York owned by his Uncle 
Frost, and when re-written, the manu- 
script was declined by several maga- 



104 



The Granite Monthly 



zincs and finally published in the 
Journal of Commerce. Yet it seems 
to have .-wept through the country 
like a piece of important news. It 
was reprinted in the poets' corner of 
the provincial press and it is hard to 
find one of those quaint scrap books 
that our grandmothers kept that does 
not contain a copy. 

In my collection of autograph 
letters is one from Aldrich of recent- 
date deciding the location and occu- 
pancy of his birthplace. A slight 
error corrected by his wife shows he 
was but a few weeks old when he was 
moved from what is now known as the 
"Laighton House" down the same 
street to the house named by him the 
"Nutter House." This house was 
owned by his grandfather Thomas D. 
Bailey (Grandfather Nutter) where 
Aldrich spent the latter part of his 
boyhood days until he entered his 
uncle's office in New York City as a 
clerk. The house was purchased by 
his family and friends constituting 
the incorporated association known 
as "The Thomas Bailey Aldrich 
Memorial" and restored with the old 
Bailey furniture and household effects 
as nearly as possible in appearance as 
when he lived in it.. Fortunately, 
different members of the family re- 
tained the contents of the house and 
generously restored them. In the 
fireproof building erected on the 
premises are stored his personal ef- 
fects, and a rare collection of books 
that it was my pleasure and benefit to 
aid in cataloging. jThe majority of 
the volumes were presented and in- 
scribed by the authors. I recall two 
inscriptions: That of Helen Keller, 
"From a bad girl to a bad boy/*' and 
a characteristic one by Mark Twain, 
"From your only friend." There 
are many bound volumes of manu- 
scripts just as they were corrected for 
printing in the Atlantic Monthly dur- 
ing the years Aldrich was its editor. 
Also over a thousand letters from 
prominent authors, all card cataloged. 
In separate volumes are bound the 
letters he received from Longfellow^, 



Lowell, Holmes and Whittier. Ten 
thousand dollars was contributed by 
friends to purchase and restore the 
building, and an average of 2,500 
visitors each year pays the running 
expenses. It is the most complete 
gathering of personal property of any 
American author. It was a notable 
gathering of famous authors that 
made 'addresses at the dedication of 
the buildings in June, 1908, of whom 
there have passed away Mark Twain, 
R. AY. Gilder of the Century, and T. 
W. Higginson. Of those who wrote 
me as unable to attend, the banker- 
poet, Stedman, Professor Norton, 
Mrs. Phelps and others have joined 
the majority. Mr. Henry M. Alden, 
Editor of Harper's Magazine wrote 
me: "I am always with those who 
with love and admiration honor the 
memory of one who in prose and 
poetry was the most finished artist in 
literature"; and Mark Twain said in 
his unique address: "For combined 
sociability and humorous pleasantness 
no man was Aldrich's peer; he was 
always witty and always brilliant if 
there was any one present capable of 
striking his flint at the right angle." 

The poems "Baby Bell" and "The 
Piscataqua River" are the only ones 
of his early poems that he allowed in 
his later editions. He was a severe 
critic, for he purchased at auction 
prices and destroyed every copy of 
one of his early books, ' Poems of the 
Year," published in 1861. 

Governor Ichabod Goodwin pre- 
sented me with a letter addressed to 
him by Aldrich offering his services 
at the beginning of the Civil War in 
1861. It came too late for the gov- 
ernor to grant the commission and 
later Aldrich went to the front as a 
correspondent for The Tribune, where 
he gathered his material for his "War 
Sketches/' 7 "Quite So" and "The 
White Feather," and his poems, 
"Fredericksburg" and "Shaw Me- 
morial Ode." 

Aldrich preceded me by about a 
dozen years, but nearly all the char- 
acters he introduced, in his prose 



Reminiscences of Portsmouth Authors 



105 



works lingered about our native town 
making his books more real and lite- 
like. I met daily Xickey Newman, 
the town crier and vendor of news- 
papers and Beadle's Dime Novels. 
His real name was Edward and not 
Nicholas as Aldrich first printed it, 
and I knew the gambler Watson, the 
"Gov. Dorr 1 ' of Aldrich's sketch of 
"The Friend of My Youth" and the 
skillful way the "Governor" cap- 
tured a five-dollar bill from Aldrich 
was very characteristic. Then there 
were Sol. Holmes, the colored barber 
in his emporium on Congress Street, 
and Wibird Penhallow, earning a liv- 
ing wheeling groceries to the homes of 
purchasers in his sky-blue wheel- 
barrow to the delight of the small boys 
who ordered him from sidewalks, un- 
aware that in his prosperous days he 
compiled and published in 1821 that 
rare volume, the first Directory of 
Portsmouth. Only one of the bad 
boys who helped to steal and burn the 
stage-coach resides here and only a 
few of his schoolmates are here to 
identify the shores and islands of the 
Piscataqua where he located in word- 
pictures his Rivermouth heroes and 
•heroines. 

One original story about Aldrich 
was told to me by his cousin at the 
dedication supper. He finished the 
last lines of "The Bad Boy" in Pinck- 
ney Street, Boston, September 16, 
1SGS. The next day the family was 
doubled by the birth of Aldrich's twin 
boys. Grandfather Nutter, notwith- 
standing his fiamed letter in the Me- 
morial House to the bride, was averse 
to Aldrich's selection of his wife, whom 
he had been told was a pretty New 
York belle, claiming she would be too 
extravagant for a man depending on his 
pen for his income. When the letter 
came announcing the twins his com- 
ment was: "Just her extravagance." 

Portsmouth is indebted historically 
to Charles W. Brewster more than to 
any other citizen. For many years he 
gathered and compiled the material 
for his contributions to his paper The 
Portsmouth Journal which were after- 



wards issued in two volumes entitled 
"Rambles About Portsmouth." 

Brewster was a quiet, painstaking 
gentleman of the old school, and the 
concluding chapter "Fifty years in a 
printing office" is worth re-reading. 
Also the sketch by William H. Y. 
Hackett gives a truthful account of 
his daily methodical life as I recall 
him in his latter years, for he was the 
first author I knew and my weekly 
presence in his printing office for many 
years acquainted me with the time 
and painstaking labor he put into his 
Journal sketches, the accuracy of 
which I have often had occasion to 
verify. 

The young lawyer, John Seribner 
Jenness, in his researches in England 
found and printed valuable facts 
about the settlement at Little Harbor, 
supplemented by the writings of 
Hon. Frank W. Hackett on the 
growth of the colony, and Nathaniel 
Adams' chronological "Annals' 5 from 
1623 to 1823. 

James T. Fields, the poet, author 
and publisher was another native. 
He was a lover of Portsmouth and a 
frequent visitor with gifts of books to 
the Portsmouth High School and 
Mercantile Library Association. He 
was prominent in the reunion of 
the sons in 1853 and 1873, and read 
poems on both occasions. If you 
wish a word picture of Fields, read 
Whittier's "Tent on the Beach/' 
when with Bayard Taylor the three 
poets enjoyed camp life at Salisbury. 
The letters I received from him in 
1873, at the second reunion of the 
return of the sons and daughters, are 
evidences of his appreciation of his 
native city. Some of them are dated 
at Manchester, Mass., and reminded 
me of the story of Fields 7 writing to 
Holmes and heading his letter u Man- 
chester-by-the-Sea" and Holmes in 
replv located his "Beverly-by-the- 
Depot." 

In a recent address of another 
native of Portsmouth, Professor Bar- 
rett Wendell, he said in referring to 
James T. Fields, that the active life 



Ob 



The Granite Monthly 



of Mr. Field? was passed in Boston 
but he always remembered that in 

Portsmouth grew towards its maturity 
his wonderful power of friendly sym- 
pathy with literature and men of 
letters which make his friendship so 
profoundly stimulating an influence 
in the literature of nineteenth cen- 
tury New England. He was himself 
a man of letters. His unique power 
was that when New England was 
ready for its best expression it found 
him at once the most faithful of 
publishers and most whole-hearted of 
friends. He knew how to evoke 
from others what they could best 
accomplish. 

Harriet McEwen Kimball resides 
in this her native city devoting her 
life to religious and charitable work. 
Her poems and hymns have a wide 
circulation; as they appear in denom- 
inational papers and are also issued 
in dainty book form. 

"Albert Laighton wrote poems of 
more than local fame. He was a 
cousin of Celia Laighton Thaxter 
and Mrs. Thaxter 's brother poet, 
Oscar Laighton. He lived in the 
house on Court Street in which Al- 
drich was born. Local references 
we're frequent in his poems and his 
word-pictures were faithful of "Wibird 
Penhallow," "Poor Joe Randall" 
and "Sheriff Packard" of Ruth Blay 
fame. His fine tribute to Farragut 
was written at the time of the death 
and funeral of the Admiral in Ports- 
mouth in 1870. I do not know 
w r hether Aldrieh's "Piscataqua River" 
was composed earlier or later than 
Laight on's "My Native River" and 
it is difficult to decide which is the 
favorite locally. 

Aldrich's verses are the longings of 
a city resident for his favorite river: 

Thou smgest by the gleaming isles. 

By woods and fields of corn; 
Thou singest and the heaven smiles 

Upon rny birthday morn. 

***** 

But I, within a city. — I 

So full of vague unrest, — 
Would almost give my life to lie 

An hour upon thy breast. 



Laighton 's is descriptive. His wish 
in his Inst verse was fulfilled. 

Like an azure vein from the heart of the main 

Pulsing with joy forever. 
By verdurous isles w?th dimpled smiles, 

Floweth my native river. 

Singing a song as it flows along 

Hushed by the lee King never 
For he strives in vain to clasp a chain 

O'er thy fetterless heart, brave river! 



Oh, when the dart shall strike my heart 
Speeding from Death's full quiver. 

May I close my eyes where smiling skies 
Bend o'er my native river. 

1 have Laighton's manuscript of his 
poem entitled "Frost Work" as it 
was handed the publisher, and it 
exhibits his plain and careful pen- 
manship, of which I can bear testi- 
mony as we served as tellers in neigh- 
boring banks. 

The genial B. P. Shillaber, the poet 
and prose writer, was born in 1814 
in a humble house still standing on 
Brewster Street, on the shores of the 
North Pond so frequently referred to 
in his poems and prose works. Here 
with "His Brother Rob," the pound 
and pest-house keeper, a rival in 
witty sayings, he enjoyed his boyhood 
years. 

When engaged in newspaper work 
in Boston at the time of a sudden rise 
in the prices of food he wrote his first 
saying, which read: "Mrs. Partington 
says it makes no difference to her 
whether flour was dear or cheap as 
she always had to pay just as much 
for a half dollar's worth." This was 
widely copied and led to other sayings 
and the creation of "Ike, her mis- 
chievous grandson." When the say- 
ings were published in .1.854, 50,000 
copies were quickly sold. His wit 
was spontaneous. I was present at 
an instance of it. When the spire of 
the North Church was being repaired 
by a man at the top near the vane, 
my employer, Governor Goodwin, 
pointing to the climber asked Shillaber 
how lie would like to be with the 
climber. He instantly replied; "It is 



Reminiscences of Portsmouth Authors 



107 



vain to aspire so high'.'" He was one 
of the earliest promoters of the 1853 
return of the sons, which some of you 
i ay know was the first gathering in 
the country now extensively cele- 
brated as "Old Home Week/" The 
verses he wrote in 1S53 and twenty 
years later, at the second celebration, 
showed his love for the familiar scenes 
of his childhood. 

In looking over the files of the 
Portsmouth Journal, I find in its 
issue of May 8, 1847, the poem so 
familiar a half century ago from its 
insertion in school books under the 
title "The Voice of the Grass,' 7 
!i Here I come creeping, creeping 
everywhere." It was signed "S. R:" 
the maiden initials of Sarah Robert 
Boyle of this city. 

One thinks of Celia Thaxter as the 
true child of the rocks and the seas 
and the bright flowers of the Isles of 
Shoals. I occasionally met her at her 
home and in her famous flower garden 
at the Shoals, but more intimately 
when she lived on State Street in 
Portsmouth during the last years of 
her life with her eccentric son, Karl, 
who was interested in our photo- 
graphic club ano! knew the subject as 
he did certain others, technically and 
learnedly, but could not make satis- 
factory negatives or produce success- 
ful results in other lines. He was a 
great trial to his mother whose love 
and forbearance were well known to 
her intimate friends, and are made 
evident in the letters of Celia Thaxter 
published by Rose Lamb and Annie T. 
Fields in 1895. Unlike the first 
verses of Portsmouth authors, whose 
contribution? were made to news- 
papers (even Aldrich's poetry was 
rejected by magazines) Mrs. Thaxter 
was surprised to find her poem, "Land- 
locked," in the Atlantic, the editor, 
James Russell Lowell, having printed 
it without exchanging a word with 
the author. Her articles in the 
Atlantic entitled "Among the Isles 
of Shoals" published in book form 
in 1873, brought many visitors to the 



Appledore Hotel which was kept by 
her brothers, Oscar and Cedric Laigh- 
ton. She was born in Portsmouth on 
Daniel Street in 1834, but her child- 
hood was spent at the Shoals where 
she passed, away and rests where she 
craved in "Landlocked," near 

"The sad, caressing murmur of the wave 
That breaks in tender music on the shore." 

In the adjoining town of New Cas- 
tle, formerly a part of Portsmouth, 
John Albee, the poet and author, had 
his residence in the Jaffrey House, the 
oldest dwelling in the town; there he 
wrote his history of New Castle, 
coming to the city occasionally to tell 
lyceum audiences his farming expe- 
riences in cultivating the soil around 
the ancient earthworks at Jaffrey's 
Point. Near by E. C. Stedman, the 
banker-poet, author of American An- 
thology, built his summer home. 

I was interested in Sam Walter Foss 
when I occasionally met him on his 
long tramp from his home on the 
outskirts of Portsmouth to the high 
school. On the evening of his grad- 
uation, in 1877, I prevailed upon him 
to repeat to the alumni association 
his class ode which had been sung at 
the afternoon exercises. On his last 
appearance here, five years ago, he 
made the principal address to the 
graduates of the high school and closed 
with his well-known poem: 

"Let me live in my house by the side of the 
road 
And be a friend to man." 

In 1898, while librarian of Somerville 
-Public Library, he addressed the 
New Hampshire Library Association 
when it met in Portsmouth and I 
quote from his letter to me: 

"I was very glad my little essay 
pleased you. It is rather presump- 
tuous for a six months' old librarian to 
give advice to men who have given 
their lives to the service, and I am 
more than pleased when the veterans 
are kind enough to write with favor 
on the efforts of the Yearling." 



108 



The Granite Monthly 



On August 17, U>U, a tablet was 
dedicated to his memory before his 
birthplace in Candia. 

The most eccentric of Portsmouth 
authors was John Elwyn, who entered 
Harvard College at the age of twelve 
and was regarded there by Edward 
Everett as a phenomenon. He stud- 
ied law with Daniel Webster and 
Jeremiah Mason. Having inherited 
a large income, he devoted his life to 
the study of literature and languages. 
He read and spoke five modern lan- 
guages and read Hebrew, Sanscrit, 
Arabic and Armenian. He occasion- 
ally had printed a book for private 
circulation, notably one entitled ''Pis- 
cat away Things and a Good Deal 
Else," employing in his latter years Mr, 
Albert W. Ham in a small printing 
office liberally equipped by Mr. Elwyn 
for the publication of his studies 
in philology, mixed with occasional 
valuable facts relating to the early 
history of colonial and provincial 
Portsmouth. I quote from a copy of 
a pamphlet he gave me: 

"Very friendly and tireless Header; 
I wanted to see How wrong I should 
and should not be, a writing straight 
ahead and never looking behind me 
till I got through: such a deal of Out- 
lander stuff too, so I kept only One 
gentleman at work in a little out- 
house of his own all by himself. . . . 
For all the Wrong text is My doings after 
all: me my own proof reader. . . . 
The fully understanding the Zend 
and Sanskrit, Hebrew and Arab would 
throw a wonderful deal of new light 
I think on the Pentateuch. Some 
day belike I will try this in earnest. 
Very friendly Reader, the Text of 
these pamphlets is hurt badly by my 
getting at last to write so many 
capitals but dealing all along with the 
Words themselves, I got a trick of 
hardly knowing it, of writing away 
in capitals as fast as the others, and 
would not bother the printer about 
letting them go." 

"The small de ITsles atlas that 
showed the forgery is in my hut; 
Capt. John Mason, our New Hamp- 



shire patentee, he knew the Bay 
Puritans well. 

"Since I wrote this too our cousins 
of Main have found things out to the 
rage of our others of the bay that told 
the world there never was no kind of 
Englishmen in Xew England till the 
Plymouth Pilgrims ; : wonderful though 
that one of Gorges' Indian spoke to 
them in English when they got here, 
and Christopher Levett in Twenty- 
three stayed awhile on Witch (Saga- 
more) Creek below where my hut is, 
and says nothing of ours being a new 
plantation, and the Spaniard Herrera, 
tells of a English cruiser of three hun- 
dred tons a hundred years before the 
Pilgrims of her coming to Puerto Rico 
by the banks of Newfoundland: all 
afishing, already Englishman was com- 
ing to fill North America with English- 
men never no Puritan in the world." 

Elwyn showed a great fondness for 
walking which continued daily until 
his death, frequently walking to 
Boston in a day and once, starting 
in the winter, he walked to Missouri 
on a five months' trip: He never 
changed the pattern or style of his 
wearing apparel. His tall, erect fig- 
ure, clothed in a blue coat of 1824 
vintage and his head crowned with a 
sugar loaf hat, was a familiar object 
on the country roads in and around 
Rockingham County. 

Henry Clay Barnabee has recently 
had printed his reminiscences of his 
musical entertainments and exten- 
sive travels with his light opera 
troupes, the '^cstonians.'' He al- 
ways had a cordial audience in his 
frequent visits to his native city, for 
he was generous in offering his services 
to charitable societies and associations 
with which he was formerly interested. 
His private library, books and pictures 
relating to his troupes were placed by 
him in the Barnabee Room in the Pub- 
lic Library building. 

Many of the early authors had 
passed away before my time, but 
their books are preserved and fill a 
large case at the Public Library. 



Pusstf-WiUow 



109 



Jonathan M. Sew&U, the lawyer, 
noted as a writer of epitaphs and 
Revolutionary V, a: songs, is best re- 
membered by his oft-quoted couplet: 

"No pent-up Utica contracts your powers 
But the whole boundless continent is yours. " 

Dr. Samuel Haven composed the 
following impromptu lines in answer 
to the query; what title should be 
applied to Washington on the occasion 
of his visit in Portsmouth in 1789: 

"Fame spread her wings, and with her trum- 
pet blew, 

Great Washington is near! What praise in 
due? 

What title shall he have? She paused and 
said, 

Not one, his name alone strikes every title 
dead ! 



Mrs. Eliza Buckniinster Lee wrote 
valuable biographies of her father, 
Rev. Joseph Buckminster, and of her 
brother. Rev. Joseph S. Buckminster, 
giving us pictures of the revolution- 
ary period. She succeeded in in- 
ducing her friend, Daniel Webster, to 
write for her a brief autobiography. 
In reference to his residence in Ports- 
mouth' from 1807 to 1816 he wrote: 
"I have lived in Portsmouth nine 
years lacking one month. They were 
very happy years. I wrote various 
pamphlets, including c Rockingham 
Memorial/ of some note in its time, 
and like other young men I made 
Fourth of July orations which were 
published.'' 



PUSSY-WILLOW 

By Delia Honey 

Dear little pussy-willow, 

Peeping from under your cap, 
How early you come to show yourself 
And wake from your winter's nap. 

So soft — and yellow or white or pink — 
We welcome you, dear little thing — 

For you are the first of all our pets, 
That come to herald the spring. 

You tell of the new life, soon to spread . 

All over this earth so bare, 
You hint of the sweetness coming to us, 

From out of mysterious where — 

Of the new life we may put on some day 
When we've shaken ourselves from sin, 

If we've stood the bleak storm of winter's blast 
We are sure we mav enter in — 



And put on the new life you foretell, 
No fear of the blast or the billow, 

Then welcome here in the early spring, 
My dear little pussy-willow. 



J/0 



• 



MARILLA M. RICKER 
Lawyer, Lecturer, Publicist, Woman Suffragist, Champion of Free Thought 



It- 



THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE 

By Mar ilia M. Rickcr 



The English language is the speech 
spoken by the Anglo-Saxon race in 
England, in most parts of Scotland, 
in the larger part of Ireland, in the 
United States, in Canada, in Australia 
and Xew Zealand, in South Africa 
and in many other parts of the world. 
In the middle of the fifth century it 
was spoken by a few thousand people 
who had lately landed in England 
from t he Continent . It is now spoken 
by more than two hundred millions 
of people. 

The family to which English be- 
longs is the Aryan or Indo-European 
family of languages; that is, the main 
part of it can be traced back to the 
race which inhabited the high table 
lands that lie to the back of the west- 
ern end of the great range of the 
Himalaya, or abode of snow. This 
Aryan race grew and increased and 
spread to the south and west, and 
from it have sprung languages which 
are now spoken in Persia, in India, in 
Greece and Italy, in France and Ger- 
many, in Scandinavia and in Russia. 
From this Aryan family came our lan- 
guage; out of the oldest Aryan speech 
our own language has grown. 

It took hundreds of years, perhaps 
thousands, before human beings were 
able to invent a mode of writing upon 
paper — that is, by representing sounds 
by signs. These signs are called 
letters, and the whole set of them goes 
by the name of the alphabet, which 
are called. "Alpha — beta."' There 
are many languages that have never 
been put upon paper at all — many of 
the African languages, many in the 
South Sea Islands. But in all cases, 
every language existed long before it 
was written. A language grows; it is 
an organism, or organic existence. 
Our language is still growing and has 
been for many years. As it grows, it 
loses something and it gains some- 
thing else; it alters in appearance. 



The oldest English, which is called 
"Anglo-Saxon/' is as different from 
our modern English as if they were 
two distinct languages, and yet ihey 
are not two languages, but are funda- 
mentally one and the same. Modern 
English differs from the oldest Eng- 
lish as a giant oak does from a small 
oak sapling. 

In the middle of the fifth century. 
English was spoken in the northwest- 
corner of Europe, between the mouths 
of the Rhine, the Weser and the Elbe, 
and in Schleswig there is a small dis- 
trict called Angeln to this day. 

Our English tongue is the lowest of 
all low German dialects. Low Ger- 
man, called Piatt Deutseh, is the 
German spoken in the lowlands of 
Germany. As we descend the rivers, 
we come to the lowest level of all — 
the level of the sea. Our English 
speech, once a mere dialect, came 
down to that, crossed the German 
Ocean and settled in Britain, to which 
it gave in time the name of '''Amiga- 
land " or England. 

We divide the English language 
into periods, and then mark with 
some approach to accuracy certain 
distinct changes in the habits of our 
language, in the inflections of its 
words, in the kind of words it pre- 
ferred, or in the way it liked to put its 
words together. The changes in 
language are as gentle, gradual, and 
imperceptible as the changes in the 
growth of a tree. 

The Periods of English are: 

First: Ancient English or Anglo- 
Saxon, from 449 to 1100; 

Second: Early English, from 1100 
to 1250; 

Third: Middle English, from 1250 
to 11S5: 

Fourth: Tudor English, from 1485 
to 1603; 

Fifth: Modern English, from 1603 
to the present day. 



12 



The Granite Monthly 



The periods merge slowly; are 
shaded off, slowly, so to speak, into 
each other in the most gradual way. 
If we take the English of 1250 and 
compare it with that of 900, we shall 
find a great difference; but if we com- 
pare it with the English of 1100 the 
difference is not so marked. The 
difference between the English of the 
nineteenth century and the English 
of the fourteenth century is very 
great, but the difference between the 
English of the fourteenth and that of 
the thirteenth is very small. 

Ancient English differed from mod- 
ern English in having a much larger 
number of inflections. The noun had 
five cases, and there were several 
declensions, as in Latin; adjectives 
were declined, and had three genders 
as in German. The works of the poet 
Caedman (Kedman) and the great 
prose writer. King Alfred, belong to 
this Anglo-Saxon period. 

The coming of the Normans in 1066 
made many changes in the land, and 
introduced many changes into the 
language. The inflections of our 
speech began to drop off. Two books 
were written, but there was no print- 
ing in England until 1774, — the Nor- 
mans having utterly beaten down the 
resistance of the English, seized the 
land and all the political power of the 
country. The two peoples, the Nor- 
mans and the English, found that they 
must live together. They met at 
the drilling places, at the archery con- 
tests, and at the churches. At all 
these places they were obliged to 
speak witfe each other, and although 
the Norman French was the language 
of the Court, the language of Parlia- 
ment and the law courts, the univer- 
sities and the schools, still the com- 
mon people clung to their own lan- 
guage; that is, when an Englishman 
used an English word he joined with 
it the French equivalent, and when a 
Norman used a French word lie put 
the English word for it alongside the 
French word. Words at that time 
went in couples with those people, 
and that is why we have "Will and 



Testament, " '"Act and Deed," "Aid 
and Abet," "Use and Wont."' The 
Normans introduced into England 
their own system of laws, their own 
law officers, and hence into the Eng- 
lish language come Norman French 
law terms. 

When 1 lived in Germany 1 found 
some fault with the German alphabet 
and said they ought to adopt the Eng- 
lish letters. The old Professor said 
to me, "Madame, you have no al- 
phabet; you took the Latin alphabet, 
but you have no letters of your own! " 
I said, "The English language is the 
language of commerce. Trade has 
always a kindly and useful influence, 
and the trade of the English speaking 
people has for many centuries been 
larger than that of any other nation, 
and we can afford to adopt an alpha- 
bet!" The Professor reminded me 
also that there were more Latin words 
in our vocabulary than English. I 
said, "Yes, Latin words are often 
found in our books, but the English 
words we possess are used in speaking 
a thousand times oftener than the 
Latin words. It is the genuine Eng- 
lish words that have life and move- 
merit; it is they that fly about in 
homes, in streets and in markets; 
it is they that express with greatest 
force our truest sentiments, our in- 
most thoughts and our deepest feel- 
ings. Words are the coin of human 
intercourse; and it is the native coin 
of pure English, with the native stamp 
that is in daily circulation. The 
grammar is almost exclusively Anglo- 
Saxon." 

The English-speaking people have 
for many centuries been the greatest 
travellers in the world. It was an 
Englishman, Sir Francis Drake, who 
first went round the globe; and the 
English have colonized more foreign 
lands in every part of the world than 
any other people that ever existed, 
and in this way they have been in- 
fluenced by the world without. Our 
ships visit every port in the world, 
and when we import articles or prod- 
uce from abroad, we generally im- 



The English Language 



113 



port the native name along with the 
thing. Hence we have guano, maize 
and tomato, nankeen, chintz, bamboo 
and sago, boomerang and kangaroo, 
jaguar, mustang, llama and caout- 
chouc, jalap, quagga (South African 
ass) and gnu (nu), pampas, chocolate 
and cacique, chibouk (pipe), kiosk 
(Turkish summer house), and bey, 
houri, bazaar, and divan, and many 
others. Seeing and talking with many 
different peoples, we learn to adopt 
foreign words with ease, and give 
them a home among the native-born 
words of our language. 

"From its composite character 
come that wealth and compass, that 
rich and varied music which have 
made English literature the crown and 
glory of the works of man/' Having 
so fine a language, it is certainly inex- 
cusable in us not to speak it with 
great care. 

Language as a Fixe Art 
There are 2.750 different languages. 
For the writing and speaking of the 
English language I claim a position 
second to no other art. There is an 
elegance and a peculiar refinement 
invariably associated with that person 
who is accustomed scrupulously to 
weigh his words and fastidiously to 
construct his sentences. But there 
is, further, a certain morality in the 
most arbitrary grammatical rules- 
It is eminently fit and proper that a 
verb should agree with its nominative 
case in number and person. A meta- 
physical study is involved in a thor- 
ough comprehension of the mysteries 
of the subjunctive mood. The har- 
mony of a complete sentence, with 
subject, predicate and dependent 
clauses, each falling into line and fill- 
ing its appropriate sphere, is as beau- 
tiful in its way as the charming family 
relations which unite children and 
parents; there is poetry in the ex- 
clusion of double negatives from 
choicely chosen English; and there is 
an exquisite symmetry in the law 
which makes prepositions govern the 
objective case, and puts a noun in the 



predicate in the same case as the sub- 
ject when both words refer to the 
same thing. The creation of the 
painter, the genius of the sculptor, 
the skill of the architect, the inspira- 
tion of the musician, the art of the 
tragedian, have a fascinating charm 
over the imagination; but it is only 
given to a gifted few to excel in paint- 
ing, sculpture, architecture, music, 
and the drama, while the art of lan- 
guage may be acquired by all to whom 
early advantages have given the 
starting point, and who are willing to 
attain the prize by careful culture, by 
constant practice and by patient cor- 
rection of every fault. It is in child- 
hood especially that the foundation 
is laid for future excellence, 

But, attainable as this art is, it is 
remarkable that its acquisition is so 
rare. Sinners against the laws which 
regulate the speaking and writing the 
English language with propriety are 
found among all classes, and in all 
professions, and they are most inex- 
cusably abundant among .those whom 
we have a right to consider as culti- 
vated and enlightened, from advan- 
tages of early association and liberal 
education. It is an almost hopeless 
task to bring these trespassers to see 
the enormity of their trangressions, 
and a harder task to lead them to 
repentance, for even when the desire 
for reformation has been produced, 
the force of long continued habit holds 
them under its resistless sway. 

I shall endeavor to make a classifi- 
cation of some of the prominent faults 
which must be eradicated in order to 
attain skill in the use of language, 
promising that my illustrations shall 
be taken ''from life"; and with one- 
exception I shall give the utterances 
of those from whom we have the right 
to expect better things. 

1st: There are the careless people, 
those "who know the right, and yet 
the wrong pursue/'' They plunge 
recklessly on without a thought for 
the words they use; their sentences 
abound with exclamations and exple- 
tives more expressive than choice; and 



11 



The Granite Monthly 



they exhaust the superlatives of the 
language on the most ordinary occa- 
sions. It is they who preface every 
sentence, even on trivial topics, with, 

"My Stars!*' "By George!" "Gra- 
cious ! " "Great Scott ! " " Good Lord !" 
"You bet!" "Oh!" "Ah!" "No you 
don't!" In their vocabulary, "in- 
deed,'' "yes," "well just so," are as 
thickly strewn as autumn leaves in a 
gale. With them a funeral is "lover 
ly," a dress is "ravishing," a sunset is 
"nice,"** a bonnet is ''sweet," and their 
indiscriminate admiration is expressed 
by the much abused epithets, "splen- 
did," "superb," "beautiful," "mag- 
nificent," "bewitching," "fascinat- 
ing," ''charming," "delicious," "ex- 
quisite," and so on. without any re- 
gard to their relevancy or applica- 
bility. 

In telling an intelligent young 
woman of twenty-five, a graduate of 
Vassal* College, something about my 
work in the police courts and jails, 
she seemed deeply interested and 
startled jme with the question, "Are 
the police courts, jails and prisons 
nice?'' A bright young English 
woman said to her mother, " Oh, 
mother, buy me that delicious little 
bulldog!" They so completely ex- 
haust the language on common oc- 
casions that no words are left to 
give expression to their deeper feel- 
ings, and if every person within the 
sound of my voice will watch his or 
her friends in the use of their adjec- 
tives, he will be astonished, and I 
fancy if you watch your own ad- 
jectives you will be astounded! 

2d: The second class includes 
those who violate the laws of etymol- 
ogy. They may have been thor- 
oughly trained in the grammar of the 
language, and yet refuse to be regu- 
lated by its precepts. This class is a 
large one, and includes among its 
audacious sinners: 

(1) Those who use the objective 
case for the nominative, as, " It is me," 
for "It is I"; "It is her," for "It is 
she"; "It is them," for "It is they"; 
"It is us," for "It is vv-e." 



(2) Those who use the nominative 



objective, 

for 

you 



as, "Between 



the present 
'I seen him 
"I saw him 



case tor the 

you and I," for "Between vou and 
me"; "Like you and I," for "Like 
you and me"; "I know who you 
mean," for " I know whom you mean"; 
"Who is she married to," instead of, 
"To whom is she married"; "Who 
were you speaking to." instead of "To 
whom were you speaking." 

(3) Those whose subjects and verbs 
do not agree in number and person, 
as, "My feet's cold," instead of, "My 
feet are cold"; "There's thirty," in- 
stead of, "There are thirty"; "Says 
I," instead of, "Say I." 

(4) Those who use the indicative 
mood for the subjunctive, as, "'If I 
was vou," instead of. "If I were 
you." 

(5) Those who use 
tense for the past, as, 
yesterday," instead of, 
yesterday." 

(6) Those who use the intransitive 
verb for the transitive, as, "If he is a 
mind to," instead of, "If he has a 
mind to." Only think of the much 
abused words "sit" and "set," "lay" 
and "'lie." I heard a graduate from 
one of our schools say today, "I am 
going to lay down," instead of saying, 
"I am going to lie down''; "I laid 
down this morning," instead of, "I 
lay down this morning." If people 
would remember that "lay" is a 
transitive verb and has for its past 
tense "laid" — for example, "She told 
me to lay it down and I laid it down" 
— "lie" is intransitive and has for its 
past tense "lay," — as, "She told me 
to lie down and I lay down" — there 
would be no trouble. We often hear 
" The ship laid at anchor " ; "' they laid 
by during the storm.''' What should 
they say? We hear altogether too 
often, "I shall set there:''' instead of, 
"I shall sit there"; "An old setting 
hen," instead of, " An old sitting hen"; 
"She set up all day," instead of, "She 
sat up all day." 

(7) Those who use the adverb for 
the adjective, as, "'She looks beauti- 
fully," for "She looks beautiful"; or 



The English Language 



115 



its opposite, the adjective for the ad- 
verb, as, "She walks graceful," for, 
"She walks gracefully." Such pro- 
vincialism is sadly damaging our good 
old English in the constant misuse of 
the adverb in place of the adjective; 
saying, "The landscape looks beauti- 
fully," and "The young ladies look 
beautifully," instead of saying that 
they look beautiful, as they really are. 
In speaking of some German offi- 
cers marching down the street, an edu- 
cated woman said to me, "They look 
finely." I said, "No, they march 
finely, they drill finely, but they look 
fine." In speaking of their condition 
— meaning that the officers are a tall, 
fine set of men— you must say, " They 
are fine, they seem fine, and they look 
fine." 

(8) Those who use a plural adjec- 
tive with a singular noun, as, "those 
kind" for "that kind"; "six pair" 
for " six pairs." 

(9) Those Who use the compound 
relative for the conjunction, as, "I do 
not know but what I will," instead of, 
"I do not know but that I will," 

(10) Those who use the objective 
case after the conjunction than, as, 
" He knows more than me," instead of, 
"He knows more than I." 

(11) Those who use double nega- 
tives, as, "No you don't neither," in- 
stead of, "No you don't either"; and 
how often do you hear and also read, 
"He don't," "She don't/' instead of 
"She doesn't," "He doesn't." Very 
few would write, "He do not," but 
they do say, "He don't." 

(12) Those who use the wrong 
preposition, as, "Different to," instead 
of "Different from"; "In regard of," 
instead of, "With regard to." 

(13) Those who use the superla- 
tive degree for the comparative, as, 
"The oldest of the two," for, "The 
older of the two." 

3d. Under the third head, or the 
third class, are those who are guilty 
of the wrong pronunciation of words 
in general use; who sav, "jest" for 
"just"; "ruther" for "'"rather"; "in- 
stid" for "instead"; "agen" for 



"again": "sor" for "saw": "lor" for 
"law"; "offn" for "often"; "sevn" 
for "seven": "havn" for "haven"; 
"goldn" for "golden''; "opn" for 
" open " ; " wakn ' ' for ' ' waken ' ' ; 
"widn" for "widen"; and some say 
" witten"! 

Notice, if you please, how few pro- 
nounce " February " correctly. "'Jan- 
uary" is another word often mis- 
pronounced; "covetous," "nape," 
"'government," "library." "clothes," 
' ; none . ' ' Notice t he pronunciation of 
"boat," "bone," "broke," "choke," 
"load," "home," "smoke," "yoke," 
"'bolster," "toad," "throat," "spoke," 
"colt," "hope," "road": also notice 
how few people pronounce the final 
"d"; for example, "grandfather," 
" stand, " " demands , " " handful , ' ' 
"bands." "depends." 

There are many persons who never 
articulate their "r's," and who seem 
to have an unwholesome terror of 
final consonants. The pronunciation 
of long " u " is a lion in the pathway of 
many. Even among orthoepists there 
is a great discrepancy in practice, and 
in common conversation we hear every 
gradation of sound from "o" long 
and close, to the sound of "yu" in 
' ' use. " The sound of long " u ' ' at the 
beginning of words can be easily ac- 
quired, but the manner of designating 
the sound when it comes immediately 
after the accent is much more difficult. 
Lexicographers high in authority 
"take issue" with each other, and it 
is often bewildering, to use a mild 
term; and I am reminded of a pious 
old lad\- in New Hampshire at a 
prayer meeting who said, "Dear sis- 
ters, it does seem to me that there are 
no two of a mind here tonight, nor 
hardly one." I look upon the cor- 
rect utterance of "u" after an ac- 
cented syllable as the "ne plus ultra"' 
of orthoepic perfection. 

Here are some good rules: After 
"r," "eh" or "sh," do not give the 
sound of long "u," bur give the sound 
of "oo." as, "rule," "'ruby/' "'brute," 
"through." "rude," "truth/-' "cruel"; 
but after "t." "d," "in," "n," "b," 



116 



The Granite Monthly 



comes long "u," as, "tube," "duke," 
"mute," "nude," "music," "Tues- 
day," "lute," "blu<\" "illume," "in- 
stitute,'' "signature," "literature." 
"furniture," "coverture." 

Notice how many persons pro- 
nounce "hark," "dark," "arc/' 
"tar/' "nor," "door," "horse," 
"warm," "arm, 3 



mg. 



war" -correctly. Pronounce 



"paste;-" "boasts," "coasts," "hosts," 
"ghosts." 

I heard not long since in cultured 
Boston a lady ask her friend if she had 
taken the package of "alapaea," in- 
stead of "alpaca." She was about to 
step into her carriage, which was 
faultless in its appointments; her 
dress. was in perfect taste; an elegant 
camel's hair shawl threw its graceful 
folds about her form, and costly lace 
adorned her bonnet, but no unlimited 
credit at the bankers' will ever eradi- 
cate the extra "a" from "alpaca." I 
heard one of the best lawyers at our 
Bar tell about the "presentation" of 
his case instead of the "presentation"; 
and we often hear "attorney" instead 
of "attorney," "inquiry" instead of 
"inquiry," "acclimated" instead of 
"accZ/mated," "annex" instead of 
"anweay" "address" instead of "ad- 
dress,"- "combative" instead of "com- 
bative," "suppositious" instead of 
"supposititious," "preventative" in- 
stead of ''preventive," "abstemious" 
instead of "abstemious," "parents" 
instead of "parents," "Caucasian" in- 
stead of "Caucasian," "Malay" in- 
stead of "Ma/a*/," "canine" instead 
of "canine" "epizootic" instead of 
"epizo otic," " Zoological " instead of 
"zoological," "Chicago." "bomb," 
"bombastic," "sacriiigious," instead 
of "sacrilegious," "donative" instead 
of "donative," "matron" instead of 
"wa/ron," "national" instead of "na- 
tional" "patronage" instead of "pat- 
ronage," ''exhaust'' instead of "ex- 
kait&t." 

The use of the word "got" in many 
cases is superfluous; for instance, 
"Where are my books?" "I've got 
them." " I have them," 



The word "to" in many instances is 
also superfluous: "Where are you 
going to?" "Where are you going?" 

Many years ago a bright young col- 
ored boy said in my presence, "Where 
are you going at? " I said, " Going at ! 
That is bad English." He said, "It 
is as correct as 'going to,' and you say 
that always." I stood corrected, and 
have never said it since. 

There is one class who will "learn" 
us when they mean "teach"; they 
"propose" to do a thing when they 
mean "purpose"; they "suspect" 
when they mean "suppose"; they 
"expect" when they mean "think." 
There should be no trouble about that 
as "expect" always has reference to 
the future, as, "I expect to go home." 
"I think he has gone." Many people 
"want" when they mean "wish"; 
their reports are "reliable" when they 
mean "trustworthy"; they substitute 
"discover" for "invent"; they are 
"devotedly fond" of mince pie, and 
"love" roa^t beef! They drink a 
"magnificent" cup of tea; they "en- 
joy" bad health. 

Many persons delight in tautologi- 
cal expressions; They "plunge 
down," "enter in," "cover over," 
"sink down," "restore back," "com- 
bine together," "retreat back," "re- 
peat again," and "mutually love each 
other." 

You often hear and also read the 
sentence, "You had better go," in- 
stead of, "You would better go"; "I 
intended to have gone," instead of, 
"I intended to go"; "I use oleomar- 
garine"; (hard sound of g is correct) 
"the soughing of the wind"; "Iowa"; 
"Wyoming"; "lenient," "bomba- 
zine," "tarpaulin," "pianist," "cere- 
ments." "coquetry," "hymeneal," 
"aeronaut." 

The words "precedence" and "pre- 
cedent" are very much mixed. You 
establish a precedent, but you take 
precedence of me — that is, when you 
go before me. 

The words -"pedal" and "ped&l" 
My feet are my pedal extremities, but 
we say the pedals of an instrument; 



The English Language 



117 



''•truffles/' "brigand," t "-sloth," 
"loath," "grimace," "decade." "ener- 
vated,' 7 "lethargic," "vagary," "squa- 
lor," "synod" "aspirant," "gon- 
dola" "ordeal" "sacristan," "pal- 
fry," "romance," "robust," "al- 
monds," "anchovy," " shewbread," 
"rm71ery," "culinary," "peremp- 
tory," "interesting," "laundry" for 
"laundry," "after" for "after." I 
heard a person not long since say he 
bought land at Capitol Hill and it 
doubled and "thribled" on his hands; 
"trebled" he meant. "Impoverish," 
"attacked." You often hear "at- 
tackted." "He was graduated,'' is 
correct, not "he graduated". "Fran- 
chise," "finance," "lift'oious," "wa- 
ter/' "placard," "palm," "palmis- 
try," "psalm," "psalmist," "psalm- 
odist," "grisly," "capuchin." "equa- 
ble," "arctic," "archangel," "archi- 
tect," "archbishop,"' "abdomen," 
"asparagus/'' " dance," "basket," 
"ask," "grass,"- "staff,"' "fast," 
"mask," "task," "advance," "draft," 
"brass," "grasp," "prance," "grant," 
"branch," "chant," "trance/'' "dis- 
honest." "disarm," "disdain," "ti- 
rade."' 

Our beautiful language changes; for 
instance, in counting, we say, " Thir- 
teen, fourteen, fifteen " but in answer 
to a question "How much did you 
pay for your bonnet? " " Fifteen dol- 
lars." And when emphatic the ac- 
cent is evenly divided, as, "He ate 
fourteen large ovsters." "Secre- 
tary," "Italien," "communist," "al- 
lopathy." "ally," "extant," "quin- 
ine," "spaniel," "finale," "nausea," 
"nauseous," "'magnesia." " guar- 
dian," "deficit," "tonsilitis," "iritis," 



upas, 



6f oroide." "iodine," "-mar 



phine," "italic," "area," "Asia," 
"asked," "aurora borealis," "ave- 
nue," "banana," "blackguard," 
"blouse," "brethren," "bronchitis," 
"calliope," "'cartridge," "casualty," 
"cellar," "cemeterv," "coupon," "cu- 
pola," "curtain," "'"defalcate," "de- 
signate," "disputant," "district," 
"docile," "falcon," " gallows," 
"grimy," "gorgeous," "granary," 



"grievous," " gubernatorial , " 
"height," "idea." "incomparable," 
"indisputable," "inhospitable," "in- 
terest," "international/' "jocund," 
"jugular," "juvenile/' 1 "kiln," "la- 
tent," "leper," "lapel," "lyceum," 
"'mausoleum," "museum,"' "necrol- 
ogy." "neuralgia/' "newspaper," 
"nomad/' "nicotine," "obesity," 
"orang-ootang," "oxide," "palaver," 
"Palestine,"' ".partridge," "paresis." 
"phosphoros," "piony," "vitriol," 
"vicar," "umbrella," "trough,"' "'tu- 
mor," "transparent," "tribune," 
"transact," "second," "syrup," 
"tedious," "sword," "spoon," 
"soot," (not sut) "sojourn," "ve- 
hement," "your," "yours," "yester- 
day," " varioloid,"" laugh," " launch," 
"reticent," "San Jose," "San Joa- 
quin," "Santa Cruz,"' "Santa Fe," 
"daunt,"" excursion," "gymnasium," 
"obligatory," "respite," "probity," 
"plebeian," "gibbet," "gibberish," 
"hostile," "Los Angeles," "alter- 
cation," "aorist," "amenable," "bou- 
quet." 

I have by no means exhausted the 
classification, but 1 think I have said 
enough to prove the importance of a 
thorough reformation. The illustra- 
tions that 1 have given are expressions 
which I have heard in the common 
intercourse of life, and I have been 
careful to give the utterances of edu- 
cated persons. Many of the most 
heinous offences here recorded have 
been committed by those who have 
been trained in the learned profes- 
sions. Ministers, lawyers, doctors, 
judges, members of congress, students 
in almost every department of science, 
editors, publishers, poets, artists, 
teachers, professors, among men and 
women, are represented on these 
pages. The facts are discouraging, 
but to their truth the experience of 
every person within the sound of my 
-voice will bear me witness. The 
remedy is within the reach of every- 
one who possesses well-developed 
organs of speech and the brain power 
and propelling power to set the ma- 
chinery in operation. Education at 



118 The Granite Monthly 

the domestic fireside is the important which when disused are soon forgotten. 

commencement of the requisite train- But if the words and characters 
teg. Education — careful, systematic, cease to impress the memory, the 
and thorough — during the years when mental power which is gained is never 
acquisition is a pleasure, is of equal lost. I think that careful translation 
importance. It is not so much the gives a power of language, a compre- 
question whether two thousand or hension of derivation, and a knowi- 
two hundred facts are impressed on edge of synonyms which is not ob- 
the memory, as that the mind shall be tained by any other mental process. 
so disciplined as to be put in a recip- There must also be thorough physical 
ient condition, and thus prepared training which shall give distinct 
when a regular system of training has enunciation, clear articulation of con- 
become unnecessary, to carry on the sonants, musical cadence, easy utter- 
work, by seizing upon knowledge anee, and entire self-possession, 
wherever it may be found. "A graceful utterance is the first 
Much has been said of the time born of the arts. A man's speech is 
wasted in the studv of languages, a measure of his culture.'' 



MEMORIES 

By Charles Clarke 

Broken bits of times long gone 
Round and round my memory pass, 
Like the sheen from colored glass 
In an old kaleidoscope. 

Honeysuckle, daffodil: 
Hawthorn blossom, purling rill. 
Gentle violet, frail and true, 
Mirrors back the heaven's blue. — 
Foxglove, bluebell, all together 
Smiling in the summer weather. 
Scenes of country lanes and towns. 
Wooded hills and heather downs, 
Glimpses of a village lass; 
Wagons rumbling as they pass 
Through the ancient cobble street, 
Rough but sure for horse's feet. — 
Sleighbells jingling as we go 
Merrily across the snow: 
Horse and lovers — happy trio — 
Don't care though the weather's zero. 
Skylark, comrade of the cloud, 
Singing matins sweet and loud. 
O'er the meadows mists hang low 
Half concealing horse and cow, 
Grazing in contentment there — 
As we pass they stop to stare. 
Partly hid, and partly-seen . 
W r e like ghosts to them must seem. 
Ghosts, too, are the old home places. 
And the old familiar faces, 
Seen through life's kaleidoscope. 



THAT FATAL NIGHT 



By William Child, M. D. 

]Surgeon of the Fifth New Hampshire Volunteers, U. S. A., Regiment Historian.) 



At the earnest request of my daugh- 
ter, I dictate to her the following ac- 
count of the most awful event I ever 
witnessed — the assassination of Presi- 
dent Lincoln, thinking it may be of 
interest to my children and my chil- 
dren's children, when 1 shall be no more, 
as well as to the public generally. 

At first it seems like a half -forgotten 
fantastic dream, but, as I allow my 
mind to dwell upon the past, the mists 
of fifty years gradually roll away and 
the tragical deeds of that most terrible 
night in ail our nation's history, stand 
forth as plainly as if they had happened 
but yesterday. 

In the summer of 1864, the Fifth 
New Hampshire Regiment, of which 
I was the assistant surgeon, was 
ordered to the support of the troops 
then besieging Petersburg. Colonel 
Cross having fallen the previous 
year, while gallantly leading his men 
at Gettysburg, and Colonel Hap- 
good being severely wounded in 
August of this same year (1864), the 
command of the regiment fell upon 
Lieutenant-Colonel Larkin. In Octo- 
ber, Lieutenant-Colonel Crafts was 
given charge of the regiment and at 
the same time I received my com- 
mission as full surgeon with the rank 
of major. We remained in this vicin- 
ity until the next spring, most of the 
time on active duty. It was a hard 
winter for both officers and men. 
In March, 1865, being tired out with 
the winter's work, I was allowed a 
short furlough and permission to visit 
my home in northern New Hampshire. 
About the first of April, however, I was 
ordered to rej oin the regiment a t Burke- 
ville, a few miles out from Petersburg. 
So on the 10th, I started for the front, 
accompanied by my wife as far as Con- 
cord, when I bade her farewell. 

The letters which I wrote her during 
the next few days, and which have 
been carefully preserved for half a 
century, will tell the rest of the story 
better than I now can: 



(Exact copy of letters of William 
Child to his wife, Carrie Lang Child.) 

Washington, D. C, 

April 14th, 1865. 
My dear Wife: 

Wild dreams and sober facts are but 
brothers. This night I have seen the murder 
of the President of the United States. 

Early in the evening I went to Ford's 
Theatre. After a little time the President 
entered — was greeted with cheers. The 
play went on for about an hour. Just at the 
close of an interesting scene, the sharp, quick 
report of a pistol was heard and instantly a 
man jumped from the box in which sat the 
President, to the stage, and, rushing across the 
stage, made his escape. 

This I saw and heard. I was in the theatre 
and sat directly opposite the President's box. 
The assassin exclaimed as he leaped "Sic 
semper tyrannis " — Thus always to tyrants. 

I never saw such a wild scene as followed; 
I have no words to describe it. 

Sec. Seward was also wounded by a knife 
about the same minute. 

The city is now wild with excitement. The 
affair occurred only an hour since, 

Are we living in the days of the French 
Revolution? Will peace ever come again to 
our dear land, or shall we rush on to wild 
ruin? — ■ 

It seems all a dream — a wild dream. I 
cannot realize it though I know I saw it only 
an hour since. 

W. C. 

April, 15. 
My dear Wife:' 

The President i3 dead. I send you a paper 
giving a correct account of the whole affair. 
It is supposed that an actor by the name of 
Booth was the assassin. 

I could not sleep last night. The wild 
scene which I witnessed will never be forgotten 
by me. I shall remember the fiendlike ex- 
pression of the assassin's face while I live. 

I leave for the front today. I am well 
Write to me at once. 

Kiss my little ones. 

W. 



120 



The Granite Monthly 



Camp near Burkeville, Va. 

April 19, IS65. 
.T/v dear Carrie: 

It is now evening. I have been here about 
24 hours. 

It seems hard to return again to army fare, 
but I shall soon become accustomed to it. 
We have nothing but hard bread and salt 
pork with sugar and coffee. 

Soon after leaving you at Concord 1 was 
on my way to Boston, where I arrived at 
5£ (the 11th). 

Found brother Parker — went to the Mu- 
seum. Next day heard the great organ and 
at 5 j left for New York, via Sound. Ar- 
rived at Jersey Ferry in time for the first 
train and reached Washington at S P. M. the 
13th. 

Washington was in grand illumination, cele- 
brating Lee's surrender, with bands, fireworks, 
etc. It was the grandest sight I ever saw. 

Next day (the 14th) saw all our friends in 
Washington and several of the officers of the 
Reg. Also saw Genl. Grant. His pictures 
do not do him justice. You see the man only 
when he is in earnest conversation. 

Went to the theatre that night and wit- 
nessed the greatest event of the last 200 years. 

Next 'day, loth left W. for City Point. 
We were obliged to "lay to" near Pt. Look- 
out until next day at dark. Then left for 
Fort .Monroe, and just after daylight, the 
17th, arrived at City Point. 

At 11 A. M. took cars for Burkeville, via 
Petersburg. Took dinner at Petersburg, — 
then all night on a train in a box car, and ar- 
rived next day, the 18th, just before dark at 
Burkeville. 

Thus I was 8 days making a journey, full 
of thrilling events, some joyous, some awful. 
I surely had excitement to my heart's con- 
tent. 

While I live I shall never forget the events 
I have witnessed during the past ten days. 

Will write more tomorrow. Please write 
me soon — at once. Kiss the children for 
me. Kisses for yourself. 

May God bless and protect us all. 

W. 

Some further facts came to my 
mind later which I was too agitated 
to notice or write about at the time. 

As Booth crossed the stage he held 



in his clenched fist a dagger, pointed 
downward. He did not "brandish" 
it, as has been sometimes stated, 
but held it in a position ready to 
strike, should he be intercepted. I 
distinctly heard him say — " There's 
revenge for the South. 7 ' 

As soon as I could make my way 
through the confused, excited and 
almost frantic crowd, I went around 
to the President's box, and, saying 
that I was a physician, asked if I 
could be of any assistance. The reply 
was — 4 'Xo, as his own physician and 
others are already with him." The 
curtains at the entrance of the box 
were partly drawn and I could see 
the bleeding, lifeless form of our be- 
loved President, stretched out in an 
easy chair, while his wife sobbing and 
fainting knelt on the floor by his 
side. One glance was enough. God 
grant I may never see such a sight 
again. 



The above narrative was dictated 
to me by my father, William Child, 
M. D.. in his eighty-second year, 
fifty years after the events themselves 
transpired. 

His expressive countenance, his 
snowy hair, his eyes, now flashing 
with excitement, and now dimmed 
with the quick rushing tears, his voice 
so thrilling in its earnestnss, but trem- 
bling and choked with emotion as he 
read aloud to us those precious letters 
— all together made his recital most 
dramatic and affecting. 

We have in our possession the 
original letters, with many others of 
great interest and value written by 
him while in the service — also his 
commission, his sword, sash, shoulder 
straps, etc. 

It is needless to say that these 
priceless treasures — these precious 
relics — will ever be guarded with 
pride and cherished with affection 
by "his children and his children's. 
children." 

Katherixe Child Meadsr. 
Bath, X. H., 1915. 



I'i-I 



A COUNTRY WALK IN APRIL 

By Fred Myron Colby 



There is something about the early 
spring that is wonderfully exhilarat- 
ing and rejuvenating. And, indeed, 
spring is in the truest sense a revival. 
Everything starts up and out with a 
new vigor. Air, sunshine, and the 
very throb of budding life have a tonic 
that is better than all the combinations 
of the pharmacist. Open your win- 
dow in the morning, and does not the 
indefinable essence of country air, 
distilled from trees and grass and 
flowers, and water-courses, and cool, 
shady hollows, and the great breath- 
ing mountains, thrill through even- 
nerve of your being? It is more 
potent than the fabled nectar and 
ambrosia of the Olympian gods, which 
was said to endow one with perpetual' 
youth and divinity. It is searching 
and penetrating; the fragrance may 
come from close at hand, or it may 
be wafted to you from afar, but there 
it is, ever changing, subtle, all per- 
vading. It is the one great charm 
of country life. 

As I walked out along the country 
road, through the hollow where the 
old mill stands, brown and mossy, 
under the tall, swaying willows, our 
last sunny afternoon, almost with 
every step there came to my nostrils 
a new aroma. The old mill could be 
smelled rods away — a floury, pasty 
smell that makes you think of warm 
biscuit or hot flapjacks, eaten with 
delicious maple syrup. Mingled with 
this odor of the flouring mill was that 
of the flowering willows close at 
hand — the breath of those soft little 
catkins that we can almost hear purr 
to us along the thawing road-side. 
It is a delightful, woodsy smell that 
followed me a long way. for the river 
which runs parallel with the road is 
lined with willow trees, every one of 
which is covered with those small gray 
kittens of blossoms. 

Do you remember how you used 



to pluck those pretty gray twigs in 
your childhood days, and call them 
"'our dear little kittens"? I suppose 
every child in the country does that 
same thing today. I met a troop of 
little girls, and they had their hands 
full of willow boughs, and they were 
patting their own, and each others' 
cheeks with the soft catkins and 
murmuring amid their laughter of 
"smooth little pussies.' 7 They make 
pretty house companions, the wil- 
low twigs, I mean. A jar of them 
on the window seat or center table 
gives one a comfortable out-doorsy 
feeling beside the warm hearth-fire 
on the sieetiest of April days. 

I pass on by the river, up the road. 
The full, rapid stream at my right 
flows dark and muddy. How differ- 
ent it seems from that same river 
in the hot mid-summer months! 
We are reminded of Campbell's lines: 
"And dark as winter was the flow of 
Iser rolling rapidly"; and, for a mo- 
ment, we hear the clash of contending 
forces at Hohenlinden, till a breath 
that is not of gunpowder or carnage 
calls us back to the real. We are 
standing on a little wooden bridge 
that crosses a woodland brook, whose 
swift, dashing waters join the broader 
volume of the river a few rods below. 
It is a famous trout stream, whose 
current, now somewhat murky, is 
ordinarily clear as silver. The whiff 
gives us a more soothing touch of 
mother earth than anything we have 
felt. The odor is mainly that of cool, 
moist ground, damp leaf mould and 
decaying wood and - earth-breathing 
fungi. It calls up to my memory the 
black mould, of a swampy forest. 
through whose paths, bordered by 
pools of wine-colored water, I walked 
to school in my small boyhood. Only 
there- is nothing sickening about this. 
I drink it all in as I would nectar from 



the hands of a He 



an 



1 even go a 



The Granite Monthly 



few rods up into the deep dells, 
secret and cool enough for some naiad 
or nymph, escaped from the hot 
pursuit of Apollo. 

Most of the country smells of 
springtime, however, are delicate and 
mild and coy as Undines. They are 
not rich and sensuous as the perfumes 
of later months. In the hot summer 
days, the air is impregnated with the 
fragrance of millions of flowers. The 
bloom is on the rye, the oats heavy 
with ripeness like absorbed sunshine; 
or the buckwheat or clover is driving 
the bees wild with its honeyed sweet- 
ness, or the mower is riding grandly 
over the meadows, with every spear 
of grass he cuts tapping a new capsule 
of odors. And after a rain, especially ( 
a brief shower which comes at noon 
of a summer day, the most fragrant 
countryside is as when odoriferous 
leaves are subjected to a fresh in- 
fusion of distilling waters, or as when 
nature, like an ancient Greek, has 
anointed herself with fragrant per- 
fumes after a bath. 

Even the first wild flowers of spring 
have a daintier fragrance than any 
of their later sisterhood. Trailing ar- 
butus, pale or purple-eyed hepaticas, 
saxifrage or anemones, violets or hous- 
tonia— is not their perfume as unob- 
trusive as themselves — the "still 
small voice" of a new life of nature? 
The advent of these first wild flowers 
of spring is an epoch. It is the per- 
fume tolled from the "floral bells" 
of the early flowers which really 
"rings the old year out and the new 
year in." And that day was a real 
jubilee to me, for in two places I 
found handfuls of the arbutus. 



I returned by way of a farm-house 
on the hillside, from whose chimney 
curled smoke in those peculiar spiral 
wreaths seen only in the atmosphere 
late in the day. The picture was 
idyllic. There stood, with wide open 
door, the great barn; not the new 
stable, smelling only of ammonia 
and oiled harness and wagon grease, 
and the coachman's illicit cigar; but 
the old barn, built a century ago or 
more out of the huge and hewn tim- 
bers of giant pines, and whose only 
paint is the delicate purple of a 
lichened age. The hay and the oats 
and the breath of kine have entered 
into its very fibers, and its more 
pungent aromas are tempered into an 
agreeable tonic. 

In the barnyard stood the cows, 
with rough hair and places worn bare- 
by the stanchions, lowing plaintively 
as they peeped through the bars. 
The young lambs gambolled awk- 
wardly around their heavw-fleeeed 
dams. Chanticleer strutted proudly 
in front of his harem, or crowed lustily, 
perched upon the highest bar of the 
gate. Half-grown calves rollicked 
on the barn floor, and the farmer's 
boys were pitching hay down from 
the scaffold preparatory to feeding 
the stock for the night. Did not the 
sight bring up a thousand memories of 
the old farm, now passed into other 
hands, and of the youthful days among 
the fields and pastures when life was 
both a promise and an inspiration? Ah, 
me! The Sabbath bells ringing for 
evening service scarcely called up more 
hallowed associations than did the 
sights and smells of that country walk. 

Warner, N. H. 



NEW HAMPSHIRE NECROLOGY 



HON. DAVID H. GOODELL 
Hon. David H. Goodell, ex-governor of 

New Hampshire, and the third on the list 
of former governors to depart, this life within 
a twelve month, died at his home in Antrim, 
January 22, 1915, in hi" eighty-first year, hav- 
ing heen bom in Hilisboromdi May 6. 1S34. 
He was the son of Dea. Jesse R., and Olive 



fAtwood) Goodell, the family removing to 
Antrim in 1S41, where he attended the 
common school, and later spent some time at 
Hancock, New Hampton and Francestowri 
academies/ graduating from the latter in 1S52. 
He entered Brown University, but his health 
failed him in his sophomore year, and he was 
obliged to return home, where he spent a year 



New Hampshire Necrology 



123 



and a half at farm labor, and was afterwards 

engaged for some time in teaching. 

Upon the organization of the 'Antrim 
Shovel Company in 1857, he became book- 
keeper and treasurer, and, the following 
year, general agent of that concern, which 
position he held for six years. Jn 1864, the 
company having sold out to Oakes Ames of 
North Eastern. Mass.. and the business 
being removed there, Mr. Goodell commenced 
the manufacture of apple-parers in Antrim, 
gradually adding other lines of manufacture 
and continuing till death, the Goodell Com- 
pany, having long been known as a leading 
New Hampshire manufacturing concern. 

Mr. Goodell was also always prominently 
identified with the agricultural interests of the 
state, largely interested in stock breeding, and 
for many years a member of the State Board 
of Agriculture. He took a strong interest in 
politics and public affairs, and was actively 
identified with the Republican party for 
nearly half a century. He had sewed as 
town clerk, moderator, member of the school 
committee, was three times a member of the 
legislature, served in the executive council from 
1883 to 1885, and as governor of the state 
from 1SS9 to 1891. He was an ardent cham- 
pion of the temperance cause, and of prohi- 
bition legislation in its interest. 

In religion Governor Goodell was a Bap- 
tist and active in the affairs of that denomina- 
tion in the state. He was for a long time one 
of the trustees of Colby Academy, New Lon- 
don. He had been twice married, his first 
wife, by whom he had two sons, now living — 
Zura D. and Richard C. — having been Hannah 
J. Plummer of Goffstown. 

HON. CHARLES McDANIEL 
Hon. Charles McDaniel, one of the best 
known farmers and most prominent citizens 
of New Hampshire, died at his home in En- 
field, April 1, 1915. 

Mr. McDaniel was born in the town of 
Springfield, July 22, 1835 — the son of James 
and Hitty (Philbrick) McDaniel. He was 
educated in the common schools and at Ca- 
naan, Andover and New London academies. 
His life work was agriculture, and L* 3 owned 
and cultivated for main years, in Springfield, 
one of the largest farms in the count}' of Sulli- 
van, in whose public affairs he was prominent. 
He also taught school, winters, for many years 
in early life, served long as a member of the 
school committee, represented his town two 
years in the legislature, and served for half a 
century, altogether, as a member of the board 
of selectmen. He also served many years as 
a member of the State Board of Agriculture, 
as a trustee of the New Hampshire College of 
Agriculture and the Mechanic Art.-:, and was 
for five years master of the New Hampshire 
State Grange, Patrons of Husbandry, in 
which order he was the most conspicuous 
member in the state, at the time of his de- 
cease. He had been for many vears a mem- 



ber of the State Board of Equalization, and 
was chairman of the same, when it was 
superseded by the tax commission. 

Politically Mr. McDaniel was a life-long 
Democrat and was his parly's nominee for 
Congress in the Second District in ISO-i, 
making a vigorous contest against the Hon. 
Henry M. Baker, the Republican candidate 
for r( election. In religion he was a Universal- 
ist. He was also a member of the Masonic 
fraternity and a Knight of Pythias. 

May 30, 1862, Mr. McDaniel was united 
in marriage with Amanda M. Quimby of 
Quincy, Mass., who died a few years since. 
One daughter, Airs. Perlev S. Currier of 
Plymouth, survives. 

THOMAS C. RAND 

Thomas C. Rand of Keene. doubtless the 
oldest newspaper man in the state, died at 
bis home in that city April 5, 1915. 

He was a native of the town of Alstead, 
son of Dea. Elisha and Betsey (Hall) Rand, 
born November 16, 1S2S. He attended 
the Keene Academy for a time, and in early 
life, entered the Sentinel office there, and 
remained actively connected with the es- 
tablishment through life, serving in various 
capacities, as compositor, editor and editorial 
writer. From 1S65 to 1893', he was editor 
of the Sentinel. 

Before Keene became a city, Mr. Rand 
was town clerk, and selectman. He was 
also for twenty years chairman of the Repub- 
lican town committee. He was a delegate 
in the Republican National Convention at 
Cincinnati in 1876, and an alternate in the 
convention at St. Louis which nominated 
William McKinley. Mr. Rand was a Congre- 
gationalist, a Mason and a member of the 
Monadnock Club of Keene. 

GEORGE W. PRENTISS 
George W. Prentiss, founder and president 
of the George W. Prentiss Company, wire 
manufacturers, of Holyoke, Mass., died 
there April 2, 1915. 

Mr. Prentiss was a native of the town of 
Claremont, bom October 10, 1829, the son of 
Samuel and Clarissa (Whiting) Prentiss, his 
father being a descendant of Thomas Prentiss 
who settled in Cambridge, Mass., in 1036, 
and a tanner by occupation. George W. 
removed to Massachusetts in early fife, after 
graduating from the Claremont High School. 
He was engaged for a time in Fairhaven, and 
later in Worcester, where he learned the wire- 
making business, removing to Holyoke in 
1857, where he established a manufacturing 
concern which grew to large proportions. 
He was prominent in the public and financial 
affairs of Holyoke for many years, serving as 
an alderman/library director, member of the 
sinking fund commission, president of the 
Holyoke Savings Bank, and in various other 
responsible positions. 

In January, 1852. Mr. Prentiss married 



124 



The Granite Monthly 



Miss Jane D. Williams of Kingston, Mass. 
J!;< wife died several years ago and he leaves 
two children, William A. Prentiss, who was 
his business partner in the firm, and Clara 
J., wife of William B.. Tubby of Greenwich, 
Conn. 

JOHN ALBEE 

Although not a native of the state or a 
resident Therein at the time of his death, 
March 24, 1915. in Washington; D. C, John 
Albee, poet, author, essayist and historian, 
was intimately connected with New Hamp- 
shire for many years, and well known to, and 
highly esteemed by many of its people, 
particularly in the southeastern section, having 
had his home in Newcastle for several years, 
of which town he wrote a history, and in 
recent years having had his summer home at 
Choeoma, in Carroll Comity. 

Mr. Albee was a native of Bellingham, 
Mass., born in 1833, and was the last of his 
family. He was educated at Andover 
Academy and Harvard University. He was 
an intimate friend of Ralph Waldo Emerson 
in his early life, as well as of Thoreau and 
the Alcotts. He married Harriet Ryan, 
founder of the Charming Home in Boston. 
lie was the author of many charming vol- 
umes, and held high rank in the literary world. 

CHARLES M. HILDRETH 

Charles Maiming Hildreth, a leading busi- 
ness man of Lebanon for more than half a 
century, died at his home in that town March 
14, 1915. 

He was a native of the town of Pla infield, 
born April 12, 1821. He was educated in the 
schools of his native town and Claremont, 
and was employed in early life, in the armory 
at Windsor, Vt., and subsequently in the 



Colt Manufacturing Company's establish- 
ment at Hartford, Conn. h\ 1S56 he re- 
moved to Lebanon and engaged in the hard- 
ware trade, in which he continued through 
life, establishing an extensive and profitable 
business. He was made a director of the 
Lebanon National Bank in 1884, and was its 
president from 1890 to 1913, and was also 
for along time vice-president of the Mascouia 
Savings Bank. He was a Cong;regationai!st, 
and Republican in politics, and was a repre- 
sentative in the legislature in 1S74-75. 

In 1S53 Mr. Hildreth married Miss Dorcas 
White of Williamstown, Vt., who died in 1879. 
Tiiree children — a son, Charles E. Hildreth, 
who succeeds to the business, and two daugh- 
ters survive. 

ANDRE C. CHAMPOLLION 

Andre Cherennot Champollion, though not 
a native of the state,, may well have been re- 
garded as a New Hampshire man, from the 
fact that he was a grandson of Austin Corbin, 
the noted financier, and railroad operator, 
native of Newport, and had passed much of 
his life in that town. 

Mr. Champollion, a native of Paris, thirty- 
five years of age, son of Rene Cherennot and 
Mary Corbin Champollion. was stopping at 
his summer home in Newport when the 
European war broke out. and, believing it his 
duty, enlisted in the service of France, in 
which his paternal grandfather had won 
distinction, and was killed at the front, at 
Bois-le-Petre, March 23, last. He was a 
graduate of Harvard of the class of 1902, and 
an artist by profession.. He married, some 
years since, Adelaide, daughter of John J. 
Knox of Pennsylvania, once comptroller of 
the treasury, who survives, with a son, five 
vears of age. 



EDITOR AND PUBLISHER'S NOTES 



The New Hampshire Legislature of 1915 
ended its session just before midnight on Wed- 
nesday, April 21. The 'short business ses- 
sion," talked about when the members first 
came together, developed into one of the long- 
est ever held, considering the amount of busi- 
ness actually done, and partisanship wn- as 
thoroughly dominant, as was the case two 
years ago. Indeed, when the results of the 
session's work are fully developed, there will 
be far fewer Democrats left in ofhVe in New 
Hampshire than there were Republicans at 
the end of the last administration, so strongly 
denounced for its partisanship. u To the vic- 
tors belong the spoils" seems to be an under- 
lying principle of action with all parties, as 
fully now as at any time in the past. 

. The next issue of the Granite Monthly 
will be a double number for May and June, 
mainly devoted to the one hundred and fiftieth 
anniversary of the charter, of Concord, to be 



celebrated June fi, 7 and S. Preparations for 
this event are now well under way. The an- 
niversary proper, when the historical exercises 
will be held, occurs on Monday, the 7th. On. 
Sunday, there will be appropriate services in 
the several churches in the morning, with a 
union service in the evening. On Monday, a 
grand military and civic parade is planned for 
the forenoon, and trie anniversary exercises 
will occur m the afternoon. Horn. Samuel C. 
Eastman presiding, with an historical address 
by Judge Charles R. Corning and an oration 
by President W. II. C. Fa unce of Brown Uni- 
versity. On Tuesday, there will be an in- 
dustrial and trade parade in the morning, a 
legislative reunion at the State House, and an 
automobile" parade in the afternoon. An in- 
teresting feature of the celebration will be an 
historical pageant, presented at White Pari:. 
by the Parker School, in charge of Miss Dick- 
erman, after the anniversary exercises Monday 
afternoon. 



■W I i 5 ^ 5 



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THE STATE CAPITOL 






The Granite Monthly 



\ol. XLVII, Xos. 5-6 



MAX-JUNE, 1915 



New Series, Vol. 10, N03. 



CONCORD'S ONE HUNDRED AND FIFTIETH 

ANNIVERSARY 

Celebrated Under the Auspices of the Board of Trade, June 

6, 7; 8j 1015 



On the seventh day of June, 1765, 
in the fifth year of the reign of King 
George the Third, the New Hamp- 
shire provincial legislature — Benning 
Wentworth, governor; Theodore At- 
kinson, president of the council; 
Henry Sherburne, speaker of the house 
- — granted a charter, as a parish, 
under the name of Concord, with full 
town privileges, to all that part of 
the territory embraced within the 
present limits of the city, and the 
inhabitants therein residing, except 
a tract upon the east, set off from the 
towns of Canterbury and Loudon. 
by the state legislature in 1784, and 
a tract from Bow, in 1804. 

The same territory, or the main 
portion thereof, had been embraced 
in the plantation of "Penny-Cook," 
granted in 1725 by the legislature of 
Massachusetts, which province then 
claimed jurisdiction over this part 
of New Hampshire, and duly incor- 
porated as a township '"by the name 
of Rumford " by the same authoritv, 



February 



Meanwhile the 



legislature of New Hampshire, which 
also claimed jurisdiction, had, on 
May 27, 1727, incorporated a town- 
ship, containing eighty-one square 
miles, which embraced a considerable 
part of what is now Concord and 
Bow, as well as a -portion of the pres- 
ent Pembroke. Much controversy 
grew out of these rival claims of 
jurisdiction, and serious difficulties 
arose, especially in the matter of the 



assessment and collection of taxes, 
into the consideration of which it is 
unnecessary to enter in this connec- 
tion, the same having been fully cov- 
ered by different historical writers; 
but it was particularly to facilitate 
the collection of taxes, as set forth in 
the preamble of the act of incorpora- 
tion, that the parish of Concord was 
chartered by the legislature, at the 
time specified. 

Just how man}- people were resid- 
ing within the limits of the parish, 
at the time of its incorporation, can- 
not be definitely stated; but there 
were, naturally, somewhat fewer than 
the total number of inhabitants shown 
therein by the provincial census of 
1767, which gave the population of 
Concord as 752, The ten most pop- 
ulous places in the province at this 
time were: Portsmouth, with 4.466 
inhabitants; Londonderry, 2 ; 389; Ex- 
eter. 1,600; Dover, 1,614: Epping, 
1,410; Hamptun Falls, 1.381; Xew- 
market, L2S1: Durham. 1.232; Ches- 
ter, 1,189; Rochester, 984. Hopkin- 
ton. which subsequently became Con- 
cord's rival for the location of the 
state capital, and which, by the way, 
is also* celebrating the one hundred 
and fiftieth anniversary of its incorpo- 
ration this year, had at the time a 
population of only 473. 

At the first legal meeting of the 
inhabitants of the new parish, which 
was not held until January 21, 1766, 
Lieut. Richard Hasseitine was elected 



126 



The Granite Monthly 



moderator and Peter Coffin, clerk. 
Juseph Farnum, Lot Golby and John 
('handler, Jr.. were cnuirti selectmen; 
Benjamin Emery, co: is table; Lieuten- 
ant Hasseltine and Amos Abbot, 
tytMngrhen; Jonathan Chase, Robert 
Davis and Nathaniel Eastman, sur- 
veyors of highways; Dea. George 
Abbott, sealer of leather; and Lieut. 
Nathaniel Abbott, scaler of lumber. 
In the hundred and fiftv years since 



part in the great struggle for national 
independence, no less than thirty-five 
Concord men. including three cap- 
tains, participating in the battle of 
Bunker Hill, and a goodly number in 
all the northern campaigns, through- 
out the war, as in all the subsequent 
wars -of the Republic; though it has 
been in the arts and the triumphs of 
peace that they have taken most 
pride, and have been preeminently 



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City Hail 



its incorporation, Concord has made 
no rapid strides, but has enjoyed a 
steady and substantial growth in 
wealth and population, till, by the 
last census, its inhabitants numbered 
21,497. 

In the early days the people had 
been exposed to attack by the In- 
dians, and had suffered loss of life and 
property at their hands, going armed 
to meeting on Sunday, and main- 
taming constant guard through the 
week in periods of special danger. 
Later, they nobly performed their 



successful. Agriculture has been fos- 
tered and has flourished; and, al- 
though making no claims as a manu- 
facturing center, Concord has estab- 
lished a reputation for superiority of 
production, in various lines, that is 
more than nation wide. The inter- 
ests of religion have been cared for 
from the day when the settlers of 
Penny-Cook held their first service of 
worship, on the loth day of May, 
172G, and no city in the country, of 
its size, is better supplied with 
churches than Concord, and in none 



Concord's loOih Anniversary 



127 



are they better equipped for the high 
service for which they are established. 
Education has been no less the sub- 
ject of the people's solicitude, and 

the schools of Concord are today sur- 
passed by none in the state or nation, 
either in material equipment or the 
character of instruction afforded. 

In everything that goes to make up 
a model city of its size and class in 
these days of light and progress, 
Concord excels, and offers special ad- 
vantages to those seeking a desirable 
and attractive place of residence for 
themselves and families; yet it owes 
its prominence, of course, in no small 
degree, to the fact that it has been 
for the last hundred years the capital 
of the state; and, though repeated 
attempts have been made to deprive 
it of this distinction, the permanency 
of its position in this regard may now 
be safely considered as fully estab- 
lished. 

Concord was granted a city charter 
by the state legislature in 1849, but 
did not accept the same until four 
3 T ears later, in March, 1853. In the 
summer of 1903 the fiftieth anniver- 
sary of Concord as a city was observed 
with elaborate ceremonies; but no 
movement was ever made, so far as 
can be recalled, for any celebration 
of the anniversary of the charter 
which gave the town and city its name, 
until the attention of the Concord 
Board of Trade was called, at its 
last annual meeting, to the fact that 
the one hundred and fiftieth anniver- 
sary of the same would occur on the 
seventh day of June following, and 
the propriety of a fitting celebra- 
tion thereof was suggested, the same 
being emphasized by the fact that 
several towns of the state had lately, 
and very successfully, celebrated simi- 
lar anniversaries. 

The subject was favorably consid- 
ered by the board, and a general com- 
mittee appointed to have the matter 
in charge; also a special committee to 
secure authority from the incoming 
legislature for the city government to 
appropriate money for the purpose, 



and another to secure the required 
appropriation. These special com- 
mittees attended to their duty in due 
season, the first act passed by the 
legislature being the necessary enab- 
ling act. and an appropriation of 
82,500 (83,000 having been asked for) 
was finally secured from the city gov- 
ernment. 

Meanwhile, the general committee 
had been enlarged till its membership 
numbered twenty-five, arid was organ- 
ized with PL H. Metcalf, chairman; 
Frank Cressy, vice-chairman, and 
James O. Lyford ; secretary, the latter 
subsequently declining on account of 
other pressing work, and Arthur H. 
Chase being elected in his place. 
Various sub-committees were ap- 
pointed by the general committee to 
have charge of various branches of 
the required work, each being em- 
powered to increase its membership 
as might be necessary or expedient. 
Later, the general committee proving 
too large a body for effective work in 
looking after details, an executive 
committee was appointed for this 
purpose. The full list of committees, 
as finally constituted, was as follows: 

GENERAL COMMITTEE 
Henry II. Metcaif, chairman; Frank 
Cressy, vice-chairman; Arthur H. Chase, sec- 
retary; Augustine R. Avers, Bennett Batch- 
elder, Rev. John J. Brophy, Edmund H. 
Brown, William D. Chandler. Levin J. Chase, 
Dr. George Cook, Gharles R. Coming, Miss 
Carrie E. Evans, Charles J. French, Edward 
J. Gallagher, Carl A. Hall, Mrs. E. C. Hoague, 
Allen Hollis, Mrs. C. D. Howard, James O. 
Lyford, David E. Murphy, Harlan C. Pear- 
son, Oliver J. Pelren, Joseph A. W. Phaneuf, 
James W. Tucker, Joseph E. Shepard. 

SUB-COMMITTEES 
Fixaxck — -The Mayor and Aldermen. 
Ixvitatiox — Dr. George Cook, chairman; 
Augustine R. Avers, W. S. Baker, Edmund H. 
Brown, Henry C Brown, Mrs. Helen B. P. 
Cogswell, Frank P. Curtis, Dr. E. E. Graves, 
Rev. Howard F. Hill, Frank J. PiUsbury, 
Joseph E. Shepard, John C. Thome. 

Reception* — Louis C. Merrill, chairman; 
Fred I. Blackwood, Richard A. Brown, Henry 
E. Chamberlin, Harry R. Cressy, Everett L. 
Davis, Harry H. Dudley, Josiah E. Fernald, 
Carlos H. Foster, Charles J. French, Nathaniel 
VV. Hobbs, Charles C. Jones, Benjamin A. 



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HON. SAMUEL C. EASTMAN 
Anniversary President 



Concords 150th Anniversary 



129 



Kimball, Michael J. Lee, George IT. Moses, 
Arthur P. Morrill, David E. Murphy. Edward 
N. Pearson, James W. Remick, Henry \V, 
Stevens, Dr. F. A. St tilings, Frank S.'Streeter, 
Dr, D. E. Sullivan. William F. Thayer, Ed- 
ward K. Woodworth. 

Religious Observanxe — The Pastors of 
the city; ReV. George H. Reed, D. D., chair- 
man. 

Music — Charles S. Conamt. chairman: 
Miss Ada M. Aspinwall, Carlyle \Y. Blaisdell, 
Miss Agnes Mitchell, Mrs. Osma C, Morrill, 
Arthur F. Nevers, Herbert W. Odlin, Herbert 
W. Raiirie, Mrs. Cora Fuller Straw, 

Antversaky Exercises — Henry H. Met- 
calf, chairman; Arthur H. Chase, Frank 
Cressy, Nathaniel Hobbs* Mrs. Charles D. 
Howard, Mrs. James W. Remick, Dr. Charles 
R. Walker. 

Legislative Reunion — James O. Lyford, 
chairma n; William J. Ahem, Henry E. Cham- 
berlin, Benjamin W. Couch. Milon D. Cum- 
mings, Nathaniel E. Martin, Frank J. Pills- 
burv, Arthur F. Sturtevant, John Swenson, 
John G. Tallant, Reuben E. Walker. 

Military and Civic Parade — Gen. J. X. 
Patterson, chairman; John B. Abbott, Gen. 
Frank Battles, Harry C Brunei, Col.' Solon 
A. Carter, Harrv M. Cheney, Capt. Jacob 
Conn, Albert P. Davis, Fred M. Dodge, Maj. 
Joseph Gale, William C. Green, Capt. Otis G. 



Hammond. Frank D. Holmes, Hiram G. 
Kilkenney, George A. S. Kimball, Col. Charles 
L. Mason, Cape! George H. Morrill, Daniel 
E. Murphy, Eugene J. O'Neil, George 0. Rob- 
inson, Col. Harley B. Roby, Edward K. 
Webster. 

Trade and Industrial Parade — George 
P. Wilder, chairman; John B. Abbott, Harry 
A. Brown, Harold Bridge, A. H. Britton, 
Ernest S. Chase, Freeman W. Crosby, Charles 
Davis, Everett L. Davis. Charles R. Denning, 
Russell H. Derby, Harry G. Emmons, Albert 
I. Foster. John B. Hawkes, Guy S. Hubbard, 
Arthur H. Knowlton, Emri Lapierre, John C. 
McQuilken, David E. Murphy, Joseph E. 
Otis, John W. Pearson, Henry M. Richardson, 
George O. Robinson, Harry Rolfe, William 
S. Rossiter, Charles H. Sanders, Harry 
Shapiro, Raymond Thompson, Walter W. 
Williamson. 

Automobile Parade — Fred L. Johnson, 
chairman: Perlev E. Badger, H. Dale Brown, 
Robert W. Brown, William D. Chandler, 
William Chamberlain, Harold L. Darrah, W. 
E. Darrah, Irving D. Dudley, I. E. Gray, 
Carl A. Hall, Dr. Adrian H. Ffoyt, Frank 
Lamora . 

Decoration — Levin J. Chase, chairman; 
Frank P. Andrews, Bennett Batchelder, 
William H. Dunlap, Harry G. Emmons, Ed- 
son J. Hill, Charles L. Jackman, David E. 



Hon. Samuel Coffin Eastman, president of the day. Concord's leading citizen, youngest 
son of Seth and Sarah (Coffin) Eastman, was born in Concord July 11, 1S37. He is a descend- 
ant of Roger Eastman, who settled in Salisbury, Mass., in 163S, and a great grandson of that 
Capt. Ebenezer Eastman who was the first settler of Concord, then the '"Plantation of Penny- 
Cook ,; in 1731, long the leading spirit of the settlement, prominent in public affairs, and a 
brave soldier and officer in the French and Indian wars. Mr. Eastman prepared for college 
at Rockingham Academy, Hampton Falls, and graduated from Brown University, with the 
degree of Master of Arts in 1857, having been for a time assistant librarian in the college. He 
was a member of the Alpha Delta Phi Society, and was elected to the Phi Beta Kappa after 
graduation. He studied law with Hon. Josiah Minot and graduated LL. B. from the Harvard 
Law School in 1859, being immediately admitted to the bar and commencing practice in Con- 
cord, where he has since continued, devoting special attention to insurance and corporation 
law, in which lines he has long held a leading position, and has been connected with many 
important cases in the state and United States Supreme courts most creditably for himself 
and satisfactorily to his clients. He has been and still is counsel for many important corpora- 
tions. Long interested in and extensively engaged in insurance, he organized on the day after 
the withdrawal of the foreign insurance companies from the state upon the enactment of the 
"Valued Policy" Law of 1895, the Concord Mutual Fire Insurance Company, of which he 
became and conrinues president. He has been long identified with the management of the 
New Hampshire Savings Bank, of which lie has been president for over twenty years, and 
whose remarkable success is due in no small degree to Ids careful judgment and direction. He 
was a director and treasurer of the Eastern Railroad in New Hampshire until its consolidation 
with the Bo»ton <k Maine, has been long a director of the Concord & Portsmouth, and is actively 
identified with many other corporations. He served, as a Republican, in the legislature of 1885 
when he was speaker of the house, winning high reputation as a parliamentarian, and was 
again a member in 1893. He was for twelve years a member of the Concord Board of Educa- 
tion; has been a prominent member of the Xew Hampshire Historical Society, servingas trustee, 
recording secretary and president: has been president of the Xew Hampshire Bar Association; 
is a member of the American Bar Association, and was a delcgate-at-large to the Universal 
Congress of Lawyers and .Jurists at St. Louis in 1904. He has traveled widely, written exten- 
sively for the press, and delivered many important occasional addresses. On July 11, 1861, 
he married Mary Clifford, daughter of Judge Albert G. Greene of Providence, R. I., who died 
October 19, 1895. Their only child, Mary Clifford Eastman, educated in the Concord schools 
and Vassar Collegp, an accomplished young lady, devoted, to educational and philanthropic 
work, greatly beloved and esteemed in the community, died a few years sinee. 






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HON. CHARLES R. CORNING 
Anniversary Historian 



Concord's 150th Anniversary 



131 



Murphy,, Nelson H. Murray, Ernest P. Rob- 
erts, R. F. Robinson, Eugene Sullivan, Daniel 
W. Sullivan, Jr., Charles F. Thompson, Ben- 
jamin C. White. 

Historic Floats — Capt. Otis G. Ham- 
mond, chairman; Mrs, Clara M. Avers, 
Harry Courser, Charles H. Gay, John P. 
George. Isaac Hill, Walter L. Jenks, Mrs. 
Belle Marshall Locke, William K. McFarland, 
Frank P. Quimby, Benjamin S. Rolfe, George 
H. Rolfe, George L. Theobald, Willis D. 
Thompson, John C. Thorne, Joseph T. Walker. 

Sports — David J. Adams, chairman; Wil- 
liam J. Ahern, Charles A. Bartlett, Roy W. 
Fraser, Frank N. KeJley, Fred Leigliton, 
Frank Nardini, Harlan C. Pearson, William 
L. Reagan, Charles H. Sinclair-. 

Pageant — Louis J. Rundlett, chairman; 
Miss Harriett S. Emmons, Mrs. Otis Ham- 
mond, Mrs. C. D. Howard, Mrs. W. B. Howe, 
Mrs. George Lauder, Charles E. Moores, 
Miss Grace' Morrill, Mrs. D. E. Sullivan, Mrs. 
Mary P. Woodworth. 

Advertising, Printing and Badges — Ed- 
ward J. Gallagher, chairman; John I). Bridge, 
William D. Chandler, Thomas Dyer, Leon 
Evans, Rov E. George. John P. Kellev, Jos- 
eph O. W. Phaneuf, James W. Tucker. 

Memorial — Eugene J. O'Neil, chairman; 
Mrs. Cavis Brown, Mrs. E. C. Hoague, Mrs. 

C. D. Howard, Miss Annie A. McFarland, 
Miss Grace Morrill. Miss Mildred Pearson, 
Miss Gladys Remick, Mrs. B. F. Rolfe, Mrs. 

D. E. Sullivan, Mrs. John C. Thorne, the 
mayor and aldermen. 

Executive Committee — Bennett Batchei- 
der, chairman; Arthur H. Chase, Ernest S. 
Chase, John S. B. Davie, I. Leon Evans, 
Charles J. French, Mrs. Charles D. Howard, 
Henry H. Metcalf. Joseph 0. W. Phaneuf, 
Mrs. Benjamin S. Rolfe, Henry W. Stevens. 



The plan of the celebration, as de- 
termined upon by the General Com- 
mittee, comprehended a three days' 
observance, covering Sunday, Mon- 
day and Tuesday, June 6, 7 and S. 
It was proposed that services appro- 
priate to the occasion be held in all 
the churches of the city on Sunday 
morning, and that all join in a grand 
union service, at 7.45 in the evening, 
music being furnished by the united 
choirs of the city, under the direction 
of Charles S. Conant, director of the 
Concord Oratorio Society, and teacher 
of music in the public schools, with 
Airs. Cora Fuller Straw as accom- 
panist. Representatives Hall in the 
State House was selected as the most 
fitting place for this meeting and for 
the other public gatherings incident to 
the celebration. 

For Monday, the second day — the 
anniversary day proper — a grand mil- 
itary and civic parade was planned 
for the forenoon, the same embracing 
the entire National Guard of the state, 
and all the various uniformed civic 
organizations in the city, and such 
other organizations and societies as 
might care to participate; the his- 
torical or anniversary exercises to be 
held in the afternoon, at 1.30. Hon. 
Samuel C. Eastman was selected as 



Hon. Charles Robert Corning, historian of the day. is a native and life-long resident of 
Concord, horn December 20, 1855, son of Robert X. and Mary L. (Woodman) Corning. He 
was educated in the Concord public schools, Phillips Andover Academy and by private tutors. 
He studied law with Marshall & Chase, and at the Harvard Law School, and was admitted to 
the bar in March, 1SS2. Meanwhile he had been elected a representative in the New Hamp- 
shire legislature, but did not take his seat, going abroad for two years, on account of ill health. 
After his return he was again chosen to the house, in March, 1883, and served as a member of 
the committees on Education and Judiciary. In November, 1888. he was elected to the state 
senate from the Tenth District and served at the next biennial session as chairman of the Com- 
mittee on Incorporations and member of the committees on Revision of the Laws and Military 
Affairs. He wan a trustee of the Concord City Library from 1SS7 to 1891 ,_ and of the State 
Library from 188-7 to 1892. He was a member of the Concord Board of Education in 1881-82, 
1884-87. and chairman of the board nine years, from 1889. He served four years as an assist- 
ant attorney in the Department of Justice at Washington, under Attorney-Generals Miller 
and Olney. He was chairman of the building committee of L^nion District, Concord, having 
in charge the erection of the New Hi<rh School, Manual Training, and Garrison School build- 
ings. In June, lb99, he was appointed, by Governor Rollins, judge of probate for the county 
of Merrimack, and has served since with conspicuous ability. In November, 1902, he was 
elected mayor of Concord, as the Republican nominee, and twice reelected, serving six years 
in all — a longer term than any previous mayor. He was for several years a trustee of the State 
Normal School, is a member and corresponding secretary of the New Hampshire Historical 
Society, a member of the Wonohmcet Club, the Concord Board of Trade, and Blazing Star 
Lodge, A. F. and A. M. Judge Coming is a close student, graceful and voluminous writer, 
has published several books and monographs, and has delivered many lectures and occasional 
addresses. Dartmouth College conferred upon him the honorary degree of A. M. in 1887. 



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RKV. JOHN VANNIVAR, D.D. 

Anniversary' Preacher — Pastor I'nivcrsalist Church, 1S95-19E2 



Concord's 150th Anniversary 



133 



president of the day, Judge Charles 
H. Corning as historian, and Rev. W. 

II. P. Faunce, 1>. D., president of 
Brown University, and a graduate of 
the Concord High School, as orator. 
Gen. J. N. Patterson was assigned to 
the command of the parade as chief 
marshal. A concert by Nevers' Third 
Regiment Band was provided for 
Monday evening, following an his- 
torical pageant, presented in White 
Park by students of the Parker School 
under the direction of the principal, 
Miss Luella Dickerman, featuring 
scenes in Concord's early history, this 
being scheduled for 4.15 p. m. 

The essential features of the cele- 
bration arranged for Tuesday, June 8, 
were a grand parade of trade. and in- 
dustrial floats and of decorated auto- 
mobiles, to come off in the forenoon, 
to be followed by a reunion of all 
surviving members of the legislature 
and state government, at the State 
House in the afternoon, commencing 
at 1.30 o'clock, with Hon. Hosea W. 
Parker of Claremont, the oldest sur- 
viving member of the legislature, in 
point of service sufficiently vigorous 
to act in such capacity, who repre- 
sented the town of Lempster in the 
House in ; 1859 and 1860, fifty-five 
and fifty-six years ago, presiding over 
the meeting. 

For the same afternoon a pro- 
gramme of Sports was provided, in- 
cluding a Marathon race from Pena- 
cook, and various short -races, for 
handsome prizes, on State Street; also 
the dedication with appropriate cere- 
monies of a historic boulder on the 
Walker School grounds, under the 
auspices of Kumford Chapter, D. A. R., 
and of Memorial drinking fountains at 
the North and South school play 
grounds. 

Following is the detailed pro- 
gram arranged for the Sunday even- 
ing service: 

SUNDAY, JUNE ft; 7.45 P. M. 
Recessional Kipling — // use 

United Choirs 
Invocation 

,Iiev. James Greer 



Scripture Lesson 

Rev. \Y. Stanley Emery 
Anniversary Hymn 

Rev. X. F.Carter, Tune of Duke Sired 
Choirs and Congregation 
Prayer 

Rev. Horace B. Williams, Ph. D. 
Hymn — "A Mighty Fortress" Luther 

Sermon 

Rev. John Vannevar, D. D. 
Hymn — ''God of Our Fathers/'" D. C. Roberts 
Benediction 

Rev. George H. Reed, D. D. 

The program for the anniversary 
exercises, Monday afternoon, included 
music by Nevers' and Blaisdell's Or- 
chestra at the opening, with a brief 
address by President Eastman; In- 
vocation by Rev. Thomas H. Stacy, 
D. D.; Words of Welcome by Mayor 
Charles J. French; Response by Gov. 
Holland H. Spaulding; Singing of 
Longfellow's "Ship of State," by the 
Concord Oratorio Society, Charles S. 
Conant, director, and Miss Ada M. 
Aspinwall, accompanist, the orchestra 
also accompanying; Historical Ad- 
dress by Hon. Charles R. Corning; 
Singing of "The Pilgrims," by the 
Oratorio Society; Oration by Rev. 
W. H. P. Faunce, D. D.; Singing of 
''America" by the chorus and audi- 
ence; Benediction by Rt. Rev. Ed- 
ward M. Parker, Episcopal Bishop of 
Xew Hampshire. 

The historical address by Judge 
Corning, follows, in full: 

HISTORICAL ADDRESS 
By Charles R. Corning 

We meet here today to celebrate in be- 
coming manner an event singularly blended 
with both historical and -political interest 
and significance. We are not observing our 
birthday -for that had taken place in 1725, 
almost half a century before. In this respect 
then, today's observance is unusual. In 
Jane, one hundred and fifty years ago. the 
territory now within our municipal boundar- 
ies had been recognized and inhabited for 
more than a generation, first as the Plantation 
of Penacook and a few years later as Rumford. 

The generation of frontier life so full of 
privation and peril had passed away. By 
1765 the terror of savage foes who struck 



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HON. HOSEA W. PARKER 
President of Legislative Reunion— Member of House of Representatives, 1859-60 



Co ncord ' s 1 50th A%n iversa ry 



135 



without warning had disappeared and the 
scattered farmers were no longer haunted by 
fears of slaughter and pi&age. Nearly twenty 
years had passed since the massaere, so called, 
on the Millville road, wliile to the North, 
Wolfe and his redcoats had crushed forever 
the spirit and purpose of the French and their 
Indian allies. 

The continual menace had been removed 
and with it went the constant fear that had 
followed and kept company with the home- 
makers ou their wilderness farms. But the 
repose for which, during those early years, 
the settlers had fought and suffered did not 
come with the fall of Canada. Blood had 
been freely shed; death in most horrible shape 
had descended upon the stricken settlement 
time and time again during those years of 
terror and alarm. Now that peace had 
fallen over the land and all fear of savage 
foray removed a happy and prosperous era 
seemed assured. The North American con- 
tinent was for the first time practically Eng- 
lish in government, language, literature and 
aspiration. • 

New England had great cause to rejoice 
and the Province of New Hampshire was no 
insignificant part of New England when peace 
was made in 1763; consequently our people 
partook of the general joy and looked forward 
to years of prosperous happiness. But this 
feeling of relief and security so general else- 
where was mingled with vexation and appre- 
hension on the banks of the Merrimack. 
Here in this smiling valley was gathering a 
cloud of portentous menace. It no longer 
was the lurking savage that sent an ever 
present fear among the little homesteads but 
a cause wholly different and peculiarly per- 
taining to Fenacook. Other towns exempt 
from the perplexities hovering over Penacook 
or Rumford quickly recovered from the 
wounds and sufferings entailed by the long 
strife and waxed contented and strong, but 
not so with the unfortunate dwellers whose 
all was comprised within the ancient bounda- 
ries of what is now Concord. 

These men and their fathers, farmers all, 
turning away from the older towns nearer the 
coast line, had broken into the wilderness and 
in solitude and hardship had subdued the 
willing intervale to their uses. Here harassed 
by cruel and alert savages the}* had Laid out 
their lots and built their habitations and they 



had suffered much. Four decades had passed 

since the repeatedly granted charters of Pena- 
cook by Massachusetts had become effective 
through actual and permanent occupation: 
As we measure time in our country 1725 seems 
very faint and far away, and doubtless that 
date seemed somewhat remote to the Rum- 
ford people in 1765. A generation separated 
the beginning and the end of this period and 
in that time much had occurred. 

Try as we may we cannot comprehend 
fully the threatening situation that confronted, 
these settlers, or measure adequately their 
mental distress. Here they were living on • 
the land which they had wrested from nature 
and defended throughout a long war, marked 
with bloody occurrences close by their own 
hearthstones, and now, when strife had been 
laid forever, they were threatened with a 
danger immediate and appalling. It was no 
longer the menace of the French and Indian 
that they had to fear and meet; it was a suit 
at law, peaceable in its procedure, but paralyz- 
ing in its purpose. 

The name commonly given to that long 
continued series of law suits having for their 
direct purpose the ousting of the settlers and 
the dispossession of their farms was the Bow 
Controversy. When we look about us today 
and consider the respective relations of Bow 
with Concord, it seems incredible that a 
difficulty so serious could have arisen between 
these neighboring and friendly towns. 

Dwelling side by side, drawn toward each 
other by the closest of interests, we of this 
generation fail utterly to understand what 
it all was about. In every possible point of 
view as we look at it the momentous question 
that so long vexed the pioneers of Rumford 
seems as unreal and illusory as it is remote in 
time. Remote as we count the years, yes, 
but to those home-making men and women 
it was profoundly substantial in texture and 
purpose. Historians have often made that 
episode an important feature of their work 
and have investigated the ancient records 
and given us the result of their ripe studies. 
The subject has possessed a singular interest 
to the historical student, and the reason is 
easy to explain. The interest aroused by the 
Bow Controversy consists in the various and 
unusual official relationship surrounding it 
from the beginning to the close. First, there 
are the quaint and conflicting,— perhaps I 



/M 






■A-i-v-y.. ■ 



A ' 



1 



REV. GEORGE HARLOW REED, D.D. 

Pastor of First Congregational Church — Chairman of Committee on 

Religious Observance 



Concord's J 30th Anniversary 



13: 



had better say the confusing charters under 
the sign manual of the Stuart kings which 
-solemnly confirmed vast grants of territory 
that never wholly existed, or. at all events, 
have not to this day been definitely dis- 
covered. But the kings must not be blamed as 
the cause of those charter troubles. North 
America, during the reign of the Stuarts, was 
literally terra incognita and all knowledge re- 
specting its size, shape and situation rested on 
supposition and unscientific surveys. Nothing 
was thoroughly understood beyond the fact 
that England was some thousand miles dis- 
tant across the uncharted Atlantic, and that 
one of Nature's stupendous secrets lay con- 
cealed somewhere in the regions of the setting 
sun. As we review the history of the period, 
we begin to comprehend the confusion and 
•contradictory results attending those early 
exploits in the new comment. 

And one of the direct results springing out 
of that condition of public affairs affected 
most seriously the settlers of Rumford and 
their hard-won farms. And we of this gen- 
eration, so remote from that vexed and im- 
periled generation of more than a century 
and a half ago, are enabled to trace with 
certainty the meaning and significance of 
this celebration and to understand clearly 
that today marks the anniversary of a very 
unusual historical event. That we have done 
wisely to observe this occasion must be the 
judgment of all. 

Not to have taken official notice of the day 
would have been a sad reflection, a regrettable 
departure from cherished traditions. 

This is no mere holiday suggested by a 
barren date in the calendar of the past. It 



is infinitely more than that. It is the day 
that marks the culmination of Rumford's 
struggles and self denials and courageous 
resolution of more than one hundred and 
fifty years ago. The story may well furnish 
a theme for the historian and the orator. 

Merely a faint outline remains of the wilder- 
ness farms and their rude habitations as we 
look back over the intervening years. We 
must call imagination to our aid if we would 
make the outlines clearer and better defined. 

We shall see. as in a faded picture, not only 
the little frontier plantation scattered along 
the fertile valley from Horseshoe Pond south- 
ward with the log meeting-house half way 
down the clearing, and not far away the 
dwelling of the young minister. 

"Half house of God, half castle 'gainst 
the foe." 

But hovering over that community were 
darkening skies presaging disaster to one and 
all. 

To present that situation to you so that its 
causes and results may be understood, it is 
necessary to review in part, at least, the annals 
preceding the founding of Penacook, assisting 
us to comprehend the situation confronting 
the founders of the little settlement. I re- 
ferred a moment ago to the confused and 
conflicting charters granted by the Stuart 
kings in the days when knowledge of our 
continent was dim and uncertain. And to 
one of those charters may be attributed the 
beginning of this trouble. Charles the First, 
under the date of March 4. 162S-29, gave to 
the governor and assistants of the Massachu- 
setts company a charter embracing all the 



Rev. George Harlow Reed, D. D., pastor of the First Congregational Church, Concord, 
N. H., was born in "Worcester, Mass , March 2-1, 1858. He was educated in the schools of his 
native city, where he began his studif-s, which were continued in Phillips-Exeter Academy; 
Boston University and Bangor Theological Seminary. After a pastorate of four years in the 
Winslow Congregational Church, Taunton, Mass., and nearly seven years in the North Church, 
Haverhill, Mass., the was installed as pastor of the' First Congregational Church, Concord, 
N. H., June 30, 1898. Doctor Reed lias labored for the past seventeen years in the spirit of his 
predecessors and the church is united and prosperous. This "'Church of Christ" was organ- 
ized November 18, 1730. and Doctor Reed is the sixth pastor in the one hundred eighty-five 
years of the church's history — a record without an equal probably in the whole country. The 
succession of pastorates is as follow-:: Rev. Timothy Walker, ordained and installed November 
18, 1730; died September 1, 1782; pastorate, fifty-two years. Rev. Israel Evans, A. M.. (chap- 
lain in the American Army. 1775-1783) installed July 1, 1789; dismissed July 1, 1797; pastorate, 
eight years. Rev. Asa McFarland, D. D.. ordained and installed March 7, 1798; dis- 
missed March 23, l82o; pastorate, twenty-seven years. Rev. Nathaniel Ronton, D. D., or- 
dained and installed March 23, 1825; dismissed September 12, 1867; pastorate, forty-two years. 
Rev. Franklin Deming Aver, D. D., installed September 12, 1867; dismissed September 12, 
1897; pastorage, thirty years, Pastor Emeritus; Rev. George Harlow Reed, D.D., installed 
June 30, 1898; the present pastor. 



132 



.^■fe^i.^ Jm. :, 



RT. REV. WILLIAM W. NILES, D.D., L.L.D. 
Protestant Episcopal Bishop of New Hampshire, 1870 to 1914 



Concord's 150th Anniversary 



139 



territory lying between an easterly and 

westerly line, running il pee miles north of any 
part of the Merrimack River, and extending 
from the Atlantic Ocean to the Paciiie. To 
read this document clothed in quaint phrase- 
ology, descriptive of extraordinary boundaries 
and more extraordinary royal mines of gold 
and silver and other mines "and minerals 
whatsoever," is to give one a curious impres- 
sion of the close association of exaggerated 
and illustory topography, religious influence 
and the overweening love of earthly riches, 
all so characteristic of the period. 

Among the errors held by King Charles and 
his council was one that seems to us, in our 
day, almost mirth inspiring; it was then be- 
lieved that America was a narrow strip of 
land and that the distance across from the 
Atlantic to the Pacific was comparatively 
short. Balboa had 

"stared with all his men. 
Silent upon a peak in Darien. " 

He had traversed the isthmus jungle from 
ocean to ocean and, from his discovery, it was 
readily assumed that the northern part of 
the continent partook of similar dimension. 
But the critical error found in the king's 
charter, and which subsequently became the 



source whence sprang the woes that threat- 
ened the people of Rumford, were the words m 
"three miks north of the Merrimack River." 

The navigators and explorers of an earlier 
date, who visited the Xew England coast, 
thought that the general course of our river 
was east and west according to the direction 
at Xewburyport near its mouth, and that 
misdescription became incorporated in the 
charter of 162S-29, thereby adding largely 
to the legal entanglements of the period. 

Unfortunately that charter was not the 
only one to cause dissention and give rise 
to litigation lasting more than a century and 
a half. Interwoven with this document was 
a prior charter, granted by the crown to Sir 
Ferdinando Gorges and to John Mason, with 
which the Massachusetts charter conflicted 
in many material provisions. The court 
circles at London were obsessed with day 
dreams of Spanish galleons laden deep with 
ingots of silver and chests of precious stones, 
and monarch and courtiers alike were impa- 
tient to behold at the Tower dock a repetition 
of that scene which had so often been enacted 
at the Tower of Gold in Seville. The imagi- 
nation of man had been touched and stimu- 
lated as never before. 

We are prone to venture the belief that the 



Rt. Rev. William Woodruff Xiles. D.D., LL.D.. born May 24, 1832, died March 31, 1914. 
He was the son of Daniel F. and Delia (Woodruff) Xiles, born at Hatley, P. Q., and educated 
in the public schools, the local Academy, Derby (Vt.) Academy, and Trinity College, Hart- 
ford, Conn., graduating from the latter in 1S57. He taught school six months at the age of 
seventeen, before entering college, and after graduation was an instructor one year at Trinity 
College and two years in the Hartford High School. He then entered Berkeley Divinity School 
where he took his degree in 1861. In the same year he was ordained a deacon by Bishop 
Williams of Connecticut, at Middletown; and a priest in June, 1SG2, at Wiscassett Me.., by 
Bishop Burgess, the great first bishop of Maine. His first parish was at Wiscas.-ett, where he 
remained till 1864, when he became professor of Latin at Trinity College, remaining until 
1870, being also, for the last three years, rector of St. John's Church at Warehouse Point, 
Conn. In June, 1870, he was fleeted bishop of the diocese of Xew Hampshire, and consecrated, 
September 21, by Rt. Rev. Benjamin B. Smith, bishop of Kentucky. He entered immediately 
upon the duties of bis high office, continuing the performance of the same with conspicuous 
ability and fidelity through life — a term of service seldom equaled — during Which he not only- 
served the church* but the state and the community, in which he lived with devoted loyalty. 
The Xew Hampshire diocese grew in every way during his administration, being now several 
times larger than when he assumed the direction of its affairs. In connection with his serv- 
ice as bishop he also held the position of rector of St. Paul's Church in Concord. In 10(H), 
Rev. Edward Melville Parker was appointed coadjutor, on account of the advancing years 
and failing strength of Bishop Xiles. At the time of his death Bishop Xiles was president 
of the trustees of St. Paul's School, St. Mary's School, and the Holderness School for Boys. 
He was made a joint editor of The Churchman at the time of its establishment. He was also 
a member of the commission to revise the book of common prayer, and of that to revise the 
marginal readings of the English. Bible. His fortieth anniversary as bishop of Xew Hampshire 
was duly celebrated by the diocese in 1910. He married, June 5, 1862, Bertha Oknstead of 
Hartford, Conn., who survives him, with two sons, Edward Cullen Xiles, chairman of the Xew 
Hampshire Public Service Commission, and Rev. William Porter Xiles, rector of the Church 
of the Good Shepherd, Xashua; and two daughters, Miss Mary Xiles and Miss Bertha Xiles, 
teacher of art and modern languages at St. Mary's School, Concord. 



HO 




HON. JOHN KIMBALL 
Mayor of Concord, 1872 to 1875 



Concord's 150th Anniversary 



141 



love of gain is peculiarly a growth incident to 
our own era and conditions, but 1 think we 
forget human nature m our deduction.. 
£,, No modern, historian has given deeper 
study to our Colonial period than that dis- 
tinguished son of New England, the late 
Charles Francis Adams, who said: 

"At the court of Charles the First every- 
thing was matter of influence or purchase. 
The founders of Massachusetts were men 
just abreast of their time, and not in advance 
of it. It has never been explained how the 
charter of 1629 was originally secured. 

"That the original patentees of Massa- 
chusetts bribed some courtier near the king, 
and through him bought their charter, is 
wholly probable. Everyone bribed, and 
almost everyone about the king took bribes. 
That tiie patentees had powerful influence at 
court is certain; exactly where it lay is not 
apparent. 77 

Later in my narrative I shall call your 
attention to a similar condition of the official 
mind and the intimate influences surrounding 
it that enveloped the little vice-regal court 



at Portsmouth, which, on a smaller stage, 
exhibited those acts of avarice so prevalent in 
London. Disappointed because the golden 
shower had never enriched them, the kingly 
circle looked greedily about, seeking a sub- 
stitute source of riches with which to replen- 
ish their coffers. Fishing there was, but the 
sea would not yield its wealth without prepa- 
ration and labor, continued and severe, and 
trade and commerce were undignified and 
unpromising; but there still was left the vast 
and unexplored continent inviting exploita- 
tion. Consequently charter after charter 
came from the English crown granting tracts 
of land bounded and described beyond the 
skill of man to ascertain. The grants, incon- 
sistent with one another, overlapped, inter- 
fered and conflicted. The evil and mis- 
fortune, resulting from these ill-conditioned 
charters, outlived the House of Stuart and 
continued beyond the period when the House 
of Brunswick relinquished its sovereignty 
over the young Republic. 

The inevitable disagreements over counter 
claims, inherent in the series of inconsistent 



Hon. Jokn Kimball, mayor of Concord in 1872-73-74-75, and in many capacities conspic- 
uous in public and business life, was born in Canterbury April 13, 1821, and died in Concord 
June 1, 1913, full of years and of honors won in faithful and efficient service of city, state and 
humanity at large. He was the elder son of Benjamin and Ruth (Ames) Kimball. His edu- 
cation, so far as schools were concerned, was obtained in the public schools of Boscawen, and 
one year in the old Concord Academy; but in the great school of practical experience he was a 
life-long student and took many degrees both "honorary" and "in course." He also re- 
ceived the honorary degree of A. M., from Dartmouth College in 1S82. He commenced the 
active work of life at fourteen years of age, when he worked six months, at 86 per month, 
for Col. Henry Gerrish, on what is now the Merrimack County Farm. At seventeen he was 
apprenticed to learn the trade of a millwright, giving four years to its mastery, and subsequently 
pursued that business in various Merrimack Valley cities and towns. In 1848 he took charge 
of the newly constructed Concord railroad shops, and in 1850 was made master mechanic 
of the road, serving till 185S. In 1850 and 1857 he was a member of the Concord city council 
and its president in the latter year. In 1853 and 1S59 he represented Ward Five, Concord, in 
the state legislature. From 1859 to 1802 he was city marshal and tax collector. From 1862 
to 1869 he was collector of internal revenue for the Second Xew Hampshire District. His 
four years of service as mayor of Concord were characterized by marked improvement in the 
material affairs of the city, and in subsequent years he was chairman of important building 
committees, both for the city and state, his most conspicuous service in this regard being as 
chairman of the committee" which had in charge the construction of the new state prison. 
He represented the Concord district in the state senate in the legislature of 1881-82, and was 
president of that body. For twenty-five years Mr. Kimball was treasurer of the Republican 
State Committee, and was always an earnest supporter of the party cause, as he was of the 
Congregational Church, being one of the strong "pillars' 7 sustaining the Concord South 
Church in all lines of its work. He was many years president of the Odd Fellows Home and 
the New Hampshire Centennial Home for the Aged, and treasurer of the Xew Hampshire 
Bible Society and the Xew Hampshire Orphans' Home, which latter institution was an object 
of liberal benefaction at his hands. He was also one of three donors of a fine public library to 
the town of -Boscawen wherein his early Kfe was spent. He married, May 27, 1S46, Maria 
Phillips of Rupert, Yt,, who died December 22, 1894, leaving one daughter, Clara Maria, wife 
of Augustine R. Avers'. October 15, 1895, he married, Miss Charlotte Atkinson of Nashua, 
from a leading Boscawen family, by whom he is survived. "Honest John 77 Kimball, as he was 
familiarly called, was indeed, a public benefactor, and a representative of the best type of 
sturdy manhood and patriotic citizenship. 



/V3~ 




HON. LYMAN D. STEVENS 
Mayor of Concord, 1868™I8fe9 



Con cord's 1 50th A nniversa ry 



143 



charters and grants, were not immediately 
felt by the rival patentees, and the seven- 
teenth century was far advanced before this 
condition began to excite comment and inves- 
tigation. As long as those mischief-making 
boundaries criss-crossed a dense wilderness 
extending beyond the. Limits of Christendom, 
notluhg was done. The little towns on the 
coast with the fringe of settlements a few 
leagues inland were all there was to New Eng- 
land. Strawberry Bank, Dover, Hampton 
and Exeter were Xew Hampshire towns and 
were not entirely in accord with their neigh- 
bors of the Massachusetts Bay Colony. 

As the population increased, men turned 
their thoughts toward home making in the 
mysterious and practically unknown region 
lying to the northward, and they began to 
petition the general court for grants of town- 
ships. Those petitions compelled the author- 
ities to examine the royal charters and to 
determine, if possible, the extent of their 
boundary hues. Accordingly- in 1652, Massa- 
chusetts undertook to establish her dominion 
over what is now Xew Hampshire by sending 



a party to locate the point expressed in the 
charter as "three miles north of the Merri- 
mack River. " And right here I must ask you 
to bear in mind the seventeenth century rela- 
tions between Massachusetts and New Hamp- 
shire for they, in part, explain and account 
for that hurtful practice of giving away town- 
ship.3 with so liberal a hand. Owing to perils, 
disputes and dissentions, those two political 
units forgot for a while the enmities engen- 
dered by inconsistent royal charters and drew 
together for political purposes. Be the reasons 
what they may, our four little New Hampsliire 
towns, independent of one another, were 
annexed to the larger colony in 16-12, then 
restored, and later in the century they were 
again placed under Massachusetts jurisdic- 
tion. The early history of New Hampshire, 
interesting as it is to the historian, is too 
involved and confused to be treated ade- 
quately on this occasion. Frank B. Sanborn, 
in his history of our state, summarizes the 
existing conditions of affairs in these words: 
"The situation of New Hampshire for more 
than eighty years after its permanent settle- 



Hox. Lyman Deavey Stevens, born in Piermont, September 20, 1821, died" in Concord 
March 27, 1910. Ho received his preparatory education at Haverhill Academy and grad- 
uated from Dartmouth College in the class of 1843, among his classmates being the late Hon. 
Harry Bingham of Littleton. Following graduation he was for a time principal of the academy 
at Stanstead, Canada, and later assistant to Prof. Jonathan Tenney, in charge of Pembroke 
Academy. He commenced the study of law in the office of E. C. Johnson at Derby, Yt., 
completed the same with the late Hon. Ira Perley of Concord, later chief justice of the su- 
preme court, and was admitted to the bar in October, 1847, commencing practice in Concord, 
and continuing through life. Aside from his legal practice which became extensive and prof- 
itable, Mr. Stevens became prominent in public political and business affairs. He was city 
solicitor in 1S55-.56, served in the general court in I860 and 1861, and again in 1866 and 1S67, 
being mayor of Concord the latter two years; ->vas a Republican presidential elector in 1872, 
and a state senator in 1885. He represented New Hampshire at the dedication of the National 
Cemetery at Gettysburg, and was near President Lincoln during the delivery of his immortal 
address on that occasion. He also served as a commissioner to adjust the suspended war 
claims of New Hampshire against the United States. He was a director of the National 
State Capital Bank from 1865, and president of the Menimack County Savings Bank from its 
incorporation. He was president of the Board of Trustees of the New Hampshire College 
at Durham, and for seme fcime the acting president of the college. He was long vice-president 
and treasurer of the New Hampshire Home Missionary Society; had been a trustee of Kimball 
Union Academy, and of Boscuwen Academy, and a member of the Concord Board of Education, 
Mr. Stevens was twice married, first to Miss Achsah French, daughter of Capt. Theodore 
French of Concord, who died in July, 1863, and later to Miss Frances C. Brownell, of Ash- 
cutnet, Mass., who survives him. Four children also survive —Miss Margaret; H^nry W. 
Stevens, a well-known Concord lawyer; William L. Stevens, now also a lawyer, and Fannie 
B., wife of Henry L. Clark of Suncook. The Concord Monitor, of March 27, 1910, in an edi- 
torial from the pen of Hon. George H. Moses, speaking of the departure of Mr. Stevens, said: 
"A long life, filled with good deeds, crowned with honors and affection, and sweetened in all 
its relations by a kindiy humor, has closed with the death of Hon. Lyman Dewey Stevens, and 
a venerable and venerated figure is removed from Concord's daily sight and intercourse. 

. ; . Mr. Stevens touched the life and activities of the community most helpfully and 
at many points, and sustained these relations, even under the weight of his years to so recent 
a day that his death, despite the span of life which it brings to an end, is as of one removed 
untimely from a career of great usefulness; and the loss of his counsel and assistance will be 
keenly felt in many places where it was valued and depended upon.''' 



nH 






i^-^ 



. • 






HON. JOSEPH B. WALKER 
President, New Hampshire Board of Agriculture, 1896-1906 



Concord's 150th Anniversary 



145 



merit in 1623 was anomalous far beyond the 
irregularity of most of the colonies. This 
was a result of frequent changes in the govern- 
ment, by the intrusion of Massachusetts into 
the affairs of New Hampshire, begun and con- 
tinued through the English Revolution of 
1640-60; and, afterwards, by the effort of 
the Stuart kings to overthrow the Massa- 
chusetts charter and place all New England 
under one government as crown colonies. 
After these long-pursued and partially suc- 
cessful efforts had failed, by the English 
Revolution of 168S-S9, the interference, both 
of Massachusetts and of royal favorites in 
England, was prolonged until 1741, when New 
Hampshire finally became an independent 
province, with its own established bounds, 
governors, and legislatures.'.' 

During many years prior to -the appoint- 
ment of Benning Wentworth as governor, in 
1741, New Hampshire had had a succession 
of lieutenant-governors with councils and 
assemblies, whose doings form an interesting 
series of official squabbles and jealousies 
reflecting in miniature the example set at the 
Palace of Saint James. 

Both the general court at Boston and the 



assembly at Portsmouth, with the active par- 
ticipation of the respective governors and 
lieutenant-governors, had carried the practice 
of granting town charters in each other's 
territory to the danger point, menacing domes- 
tic peace. New Hampshire had, undoubtedly, 
a grievance against Massachusetts of a real 
and substantial nature, and she naturally 
resented the intrusion and arbitrary bound- 
ary limits set by the more powerful colony, 
but what was the remedy? A settlement of 
the southern boundary of our province became 
a critical question which only the king and 
council over the sea could finally determine, 
and the presentation and management of our 
claim before that august bod}' make an inter- 
esting chapter. 

At last the king in council decided, in 1740, 
that the boundary should run west three 
miles from the mouth of the Merrimack and 
not northwest to a point near the Endicott 
rock marked by the Massachusetts Commis- 
sion in 1652. Thus, we see how the vital 
question of boundary had vexed and angered 
our people for almost a hundred years, and 
we shall soon see that many more years were 
to pass and that another English king and 



Hon. Joseph B. Walker, great grandson of the Rev. Timothy Walker, Concord's first 
settled minister, and inheritor of the fine farm assigned the latter, in the original allotment, 
since long known as one of the best in the state, ranked among Concord's ''first citizens" for 
half a century. Bom June 12, 1S22, educated at Phillips Exeter Academy and Yale College, 
graduating from the latter in 1844; was admitted to the New Hampshire bar in 1847, but soon 
retiring from practice and taking up the active management of his ancestral acres, along with 
various lines of public service. He departed this life after a long career of usefulness, January 
8, 1913. Perhaps no man in the state took a deeper interest in its agricultural progress, than 
did Mr. Walker, or devoted more time to the study of the important problems relating thereto. 
For more than forty years he was actively associated in the work of the State Board of Agri- 
culture, having been a frequent speaker at its institutes from the first, and serving as a member 
and president many years, after the death of the late Hon. Moses Humphrey. Serving in the 
New Hampshire legislature in 1866 and 1867, he was actively concerned in the legislation 
establishing and putting in operation the New Hampshire College of Agriculture and Mechanic 
Arts, and his interest in and labors for the welfare of the institution of whose first board of 
trustees he was a member, never waned. He was a member of the Constitutional Convention 
of 1889, and of the state senate in 18S3-S4. He was long a member of the Concord school 
board, serving from its organization for thirteen years, a trustee of the New Hampshire Hospital 
and secretary of the board, from 1847 till 1S97. He also served several years on the State 
Forestry Commission; was active in the movement for securing a permanent water supply for 
the city of Concord and was chairman of its first board of water commissioners, and was also 
an original member and president of its Park Commission. He was interested in railroad and 
banking affairs, and was for several years, previous to 1S74, president of the New Hampshire 
Savings Bank. In religion he followed the faith of his fathers, and was an exemplary member 
and liberal supporter of the church over which his great-grandfather so long presided. He was 
a great reader and student, and a most interesting writer along various lines, particularly local 
and churoh history. He was long an active member of the New Hampshire Historical Society 
and had been its librarian, recording secretary, and president; and was also a member and had 
been president of the New England Historic-Genealogical Society. He married, May 1, 1850, 
Elizabeth Lord Upham, daughter of the late Judge Nathaniel G.'Upham of Concord, who sur- 
vived her husband, but died a few months since. Their five children are: Charles R. Walker, 
M. D., of Concrod; Susan Burbeen, now Mrs. Charles M. Gilbert of Savannah, Ga.; Nathaniel 
Epharn, a Boston lawyer; Eliza Lord, and Joseph T., of Concord. 



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Concord's 150th Anniversary 



147 



council were to be invoked before the claims 
of one little wilderness township were finally 
agreed to and confirm- 1 We now approach 
the beginnings of out own local history whose 
annals and events, simple and severe, yet 
singularly intermingled with decrees of kings 
and judgments of courts, carry us onward 
decade after decade until we reach that- 
auspicious day whose anniversary we are 
commemorating. 

My purpose on this occasion is to explain 
why it was that our first name, Penacook, was 
changed to Rumford and finally to Concord 
which was given in 1765, as an appellation 
peculiarly appropriate and significant in 
meaning. Search Xew England history as 
one may, I doubt whether one can anywhere 
find a narrative similar to ours. Our history 
from 1725, when Massachusetts granted the 
charter of Penacook, to 1765, when the pro- 
vincial assembly of Xew Hampshire incor- 
porated Concord, was a heart-breaking 
succession of hardships, privations, savage 
depredations and butcheries, war levies, taxes 
and costly law suits over land titles. That 
benign and solacing hope of existence, which 



had allured them into the wilderness and 
which they courageously toiled to secure, 
eluded the little community with cruel per- 
sistence. A frontier town, an island of in- 
dustry amidst desolate surroundings with a 
public foe in front of them and private malice 
behind them, the case was grievous indeed 
and words fail to portray the sufferings. 
Imagination renders us no service when we of 
this generation try to meditate on the mental 
and material tribulations of those farmer 
pioneers. The story of those years, so sad in 
part, is a chapter in the history of Concord 
we could never afford to lose and we should be 
false to their memory not to preserve it for 
all time so that those who succeed us will 
understand and appreciate how from the 
chosen grain sprung an abundant harvest. 
My purpose, 1 repeat, is not to retell the story 
of Concord but rather to recite the succession 
of events that made so felicitous the choosing 
of that name as expressive of the culmination 
of the long era of peril and distress. 

That venerable fable from the early English 
times ''that Tenterden steeple was the cause 
of the Goodwin sands'' is worth an applica- 



Nathanifl White is a name long a household word in Concord — a name suggestive of 
kindly deeds, unlimited benevolence, and rare public spirit, free from all ostentation or display. 
He who bore it made his way from humble beginning to success and affluence by honest in- 
dustry and faithful attention to business, wronging no man, and treating all as brethren, regard- 
less of rank or station, age, class, color or condition. Nathaniel White was born in Lancaster 
N. EL, February 7, 181 1, the eldest- child of Samuel and Sarah (Freeman) White. He was of the 
eighth generation from William White of Norfolk County, England, who settled in Newbury, 
Mass., in 1(335. His educational advantages were limited and at fourteen years of age he entered 
a store in Lunenburgh, Vt., where he remained a year, going then into the employ of Gen. John 
Wilson of Lancaster, who was about taking charge of the Columbian Hotel in Concord, with 
whom he came to this city, and in whose service he remained till twenty-one years of age. He 
then made his first independent business venture, purchasing a naif interest in the stage route 
between Concord and Hanover, incurring a debt in so doing from which he cleared himself in 
one year, and thereafter was under financial obligation to no man. Soon after he bought an 
interest in the route between Concord and Lowell, and in 1838, in company with Capt. William 
Walker, initiated the express business between Concord and Boston, giving personal attention 
to the business, which, in 1S42, upon the opening of the Concord Railroad, became the nucleus 
of the United States and Canada Express Company, then organized (now the American Express 
Company,), in which he was a leading partner, and witfi which, he was actively connected through 
life, though giving no little attention to other matters, and by way of diversion, operating the 
splendid farm in the southwestern part of the city, now long known as the White Farm. He be- 
came interested in various railways, banks, hotels and real estate and other lines of investment, 
but best of all, his charitable and benevolent work kept full pace with business success. He was 
■orginally a Whig in politics, but soon became an Abolitionist, and was a co-worker with Garrison, 
Phillips, Parker PiJIsbury and other opponents of slavery. _ He was also an early advocate of 
the Woman Suffrage cause, and was instrumental, with his wife, in calling the first state conven- 
tion in its interest. He was a member of the state legislature in 1852; was the Prohibition candi- 
date for governor in 1875; a delegate in the Republican National Convention which nominated 
Rutherford B. Hayes, at Cincinnati in 187G, and headed the Republican electoral ticket in 1880. 
He was a munificent benefactor of the White Memorial Universal 1st Church in Concord, of 
the Centennial Home for the aged, the Orphans Home in Franklin, and many similar institu- 
tions. November 1, 1836, he married Armenia P. Aldrich, by whom he had seven children- 
two only now surviving, with their venerable mother. He died, universally mourned, October 2, 
1880. 



/H% 



SAMUEL S. KIMBALL 
President, New Hampshire Savings Bank, 1874-1894 



Concord's loOih Anniversary 



149 



lion, for we may truly say that the Bow con- 
troversy was the cause for the name of Con- 
cord. In these day? we are hardly able to 
understand what it all meant, or why its inci- 
dents should have disturbed this community 
for so long a time. 

Furthermore, we of this day are at a loss to 
explain why so prolonged and passionate a 
contest could have arisen with the founders 
of the adjacent town of Bow. 

The mists of generations have settled over 
the scene, obscuring our vision and render- 
ing faint and indistinct the actors and the 
parts they performed in that momentous 
period of our history. All seems unreal and 
remote, resembling some classic legend, yet 
to the men of Rumford it was a contest for 
peace and possession — even life. As we view 
the situation revealed in ancient documents, 
we cannot but admire and hold precious the 
memory of those men who, amidst the re- 
peated horrors of Indian warfare, never 
flinched nor compromised when another kind 
of attack was launched against the very titles 
of their homesteads. Synchronizing with 
intermittent French and Indian wars and 
massacres was mingled law suit after law suit, 
which finally, involving colony and province, 



and kings and their councils, continued in one 
form or another down to a period easily within 
the recollection of men not yet of middle age. 

It does, I admit, impress us as strange that 
a difference springing from two eighteenth 
century wilderness hamlets could assume such 
importance as to invoke the judgments of 
monarchs, but we must remember that, under- 
lying the more formal proceedings, were the 
questions of the impairing of contracts and 
the right of taxation. True it is that these 
questions were not raised by the yeomen of 
Rurnford then and there, but the very spirit 
of the Revolution was present at every turn. 
During twenty years prior to 1740 when 
George the Second fixed the southern bound- 
ary of the province, a brisk and costly rivalry 
marked the relations of Massachusetts toward 
New Hampshire, particularly shown by the 
granting of charters to land well within dis- 
puted territory. And among the charters was 
that of the Plantation of Pennycook which 
the Massachusetts general court granted Jan- 
uary 17, 1725. 

And from that act sprung many woes. 

But Penacook with its fertile intervales, 
watered by the Merrimack, with its hills 
richly wooded, had caught the imagination 



Samuel S. Kimball, a native of Concord born Match 1, 1S29, and a prominent ar.d influ- 
ential citizen for more than thirty years preceding his death, May 12, 1899, was the son of 
Samuel Aver and Eliza (Hazen) Kimball, born in the old house built by his grandfather, Dea. 
J. M. Kimball, a "pillar" of the old First Church in his time, wherein Gov. John Langdon was 
a frequent guest in the early days of the state government, and which stood on the site where 
stands the elegant and substantial residence now occupied by his son, Dr. George M. Kimball. 
He was educated in the Concord public schools, except for a short period spent at the noted 
old school, at Bradford, Mass., of Benjamin Greenleaf of arithmetic fame. In 18-14, at the age 
of nineteen years, he started out to make his way in the world, and went to the then far South- 
west, locating at Van Buren, Ark., and engaging as a clerk in a general store, where he remained 
eight years, until, in 1852, he married Hannah Mason, a Massachusetts girl, a relative of one 
of his employers, and removed to Dardanelle in the same state, and engaged in trade 
himself, coniinumg with success until the outbreak of the Civil War. Although business was 
largely demoralized by the conflict, he remained until 1S64 when he came North and finally 
returned to Concord in 1868, continuing until his death. In 1874 he succeeded the late Joseph. 
B. Walker as president of the New Hampshire Savings Bank, and to that institution, for a long 
series of years, he gave the benefit of his valuable experience and sound practical judgment, 
placing and keeping it on the highway to the prosperity and prominent position which it has 
attained and hoid^ among the most substantial financial institutions of its class in the country; 
but not neglecting his own business interests through investments in various lines. He was for 
many years a director of the Concord & Montreal Railroad, and was one of the organizers and 
president of the Boscawen Mills at Penacook. He was for some years treasurer of the New 
Hampshire Historical Society, and also of the Rolfe and Rumford Asylum, and served the City 
as a member of the board of water commissioners and in other capacities. He attended the 
North Congregational Church, in whose affairs his ancestors were prominent, gave it substantial 
support, and was treasurer of the committee which erected its present fine house of worship- 
Securing the old home site he erected thereon, in 1882, the residence, lung known as the most 
substantial in the city, wherein his son and only child, Dr. George M. Kimball, now has his 
home. His wife's death preceded his by nearly ten years, occurring in April, _ 1889. _ Mr. 
Kimball was a splendid specimen of self-made manhood and earnest faithful citizenship, es- 
teemed and honored by all with whom he came in contact. 



5 




HON. WILLIAM E. CHANDLER 
Secretary of U. S. Navy, 1882 to 1885, and U. S. Senator, 1887 to 1901 



Con cord's 1 50th A n n iversary 



151 



of hunters and Indian fighters long before, 
for as early as 1659 Richard Waldron had re- 
ceived a grant of the promising acres from the 
Boston law makers. Further grants were 
subjects of petition, but serious occupation 
had not been undertaken until the grant or 
charter of 1725. 

From that elate began the Concord of the 
future. 

The grantees, inhabitants principally of 
Andover and Haverhill, were English in blood 
and tradition, brave and resolute, a splendid 
company of home makers. The lands they 
Bought lay- in the keeping of a wilderness of 
lurking perils, unexplored and little known 
beyond the fact that the nearest habitations 
to the North were the settlements in Canada. 

The grant wherebj' these people were to 
hold their farms contained conditions utterly 
inconsistent with the speculative practice of 
land acquisition which was soon to become so 
prevalent. The tract must be made into 
one hundred and three equal lots; one hundred 
families should settle thereon within three 
years; each man should build a good dwelling- 
house and fence in six acres; the houses should 
be twentv rods from one another and built in 



a regular and defensible manner. Finally, a 
convenient house for the public worship of 
God should be completely finished within the 
time mentioned. 

These conditions, hard as they appear to 
us, were substantially carried out by those 
earnest men and women. Our story today 
is to relate the vicissitudes of those earnest 
men and women, the savage losses that befell 
them, the privations encountered and most 
harassing of all that series of suits at law 
which, during many discouraging years, 
plagued and pursued them. 

News even in 172G traveled apace and the 
act of Massachusetts, respecting Penacook, 
became a subject of official notice at Forts- 
mouth; accordingly Lieutenant-Governor 
Wentworth sent this message to the general 
assembly: "The Massachusetts are daily en- 
croaching on us. A late instance we have in 
voting a township should be erected and settled 
at Penny cook, which will certainly be in the 
very bowels of tins Province, and which will 
take in the most valuable part of our lands." 
The assembly made reply, while the eouncii 
went further and passed an order appointing 
a committee to go to Penacook and "warn 



Hox. William Eaton Chandler, Concord's most distinguished living native, was born 
December 23, 1S35, the son of Nathan S. and Mary Ann Chandler. He was educated in the 
Concord public schools, at Thetford, Vt.. and Pembroke academies and the Law School of 
Harvard University, graduating LL.B. from the latter, with prize honors, in 1854. Admitted 
to the New Hampshire bar in 1S55, he evinced a deep and abiding interest in both law and 
politics, was among the founders of the Republican party in 1S56, and was made reporter of 
supreme court decisions in 1S59. In 1SG2-G3-64, he was a representative in the state legislature 
and was speaker of the house in the latter two years, the most exciting period in the legislative 
history of the state. In 1S64-65 he was chairman of the Republican State Committee, having 
previously served as secretary. In 1864 President Lincoln appointed him special counsel to 
prosecute the Philadelphia navy yard frauds. March 9, 1805, he became first solicitor and 
judge advocate general of the navy department at Washington, and was assistant secretary of 
the treasury from 1S65 to 1867. He was a delegate to the Republican National Convention 
that nominated General Grant, in 1868, and was secretary of the Republican National Com- 
mittee from that date till 1876, and was conspicuous in the work which secured the presidency 
for the Republican party that year. On April 17, 1882, he became secretary of the navy in the 
cabinet of President Arthur and served through that administration, being active in develop- 
ing plans for what became known as the "New Navy." In June 1887, he was elected to the 
United Statks Senate to fill the unexpired term of Austin F.Pike, and was twice reelected, 
.serving fourteen year ; in all with conspicuous ability. For the next six years he was chairman 
of the Spanish Treaty Claims Commission. Mr. Chandler was an active member of the New 
Hampshire Constitutional conventions of 1876 and 1902; was a member of the commission hav- 
ing in charge the erection of a statue of President Franklin Pierce — a movement which he had 
long actively championed — and was a leading mover in the work of preserving for posterity the 
birthplace of Daniel Webster. In 1866 he received from Dartmouth College the honorary de- 
gree of A.M., and in 1901 that of LL.D. While he has long spent his winters in Washington, 
where he has a fine residence on I Street, N. W., and his summers at his country home in 
Waterloo, he lias retained his voting residence in Concord, where are his principal business in- 
terests, denoted by his presidency of the Rumford. Printing Company and his contributing 
editorship of the Monitor and Statesman. For forty years his editorial articles in these papers 
have been among the most widely quoted expressions of individual opinion to be found in the 
press of the entire country. 



X- 



; 



HON. JACOB II. GAIXINGER 
United State? Senator, 1891-1921 



Concord's 1 50th Anniversary 



lo- 



any persons whom tin 
oat, taking possess in 
near the place call* 
committee was made 



y find there from laying 
i of, or settling at or 
d Penny cook. " That 
up of three men, then 
and subsequently eminent in the affairs of 
New Hampshire, Nathaniel Weare, Theodore 
Atkinson and Richard Waldron, Jr., who at 
once set out upon their mission. 

In the meanwhile another committee, the 
creation of the Massachusetts Assembly, at- 
tended by a score or more of persons, includ- 
ing surveyors, chainmen and intending settlers 
started on their journey from Haverhill to 
lay out the township. It so happened that 
these two rival part ies made their way through 
the woods and streams almost in touch with 
each other for, under the date of May 14. 
172G, the Massachusetts Commissioners re- 
cord in their journal this interesting interview 
which we may confidently accept as the first 
of that long series of political conferences so 
closely interwoven in the texture of Concord, 
the capital. The Haverhill company had 
reached Pennycook the day before and the 
surveyor's were busily at work when ''about 
Twelve of the clock, Messrs. Xath. Weare, 



Richard Waldron, Jr., and Theodore Atkinson, 

a committee appointed by the Lt. Gov. and 
Council of New Hampshire came up to our 
camp and acquainted us that the Govt, of Xew 
Hampshire, being informed of our business 
here, had sent them to desire us that we would 
not proceed in appropriating these lands to 
any private or particular persons, for that they 
lay in their government ; and our governments 
making a grant might be attended with very 
ill consequences to the settlers, when it ap- 
peared the Lands fell in Xew Hampshire 
Government." "'We made them answer that 
the Government of Massachusetts Bay had 
sent us here to lay the Lands into a Township 
and that we should proceed to do the Business 
we were come upon, and made no doubt but 
our Government would be always ready to 
support and justify their own Grants and 
that it was not our business to determine any 
controversy about the Lauds. We sent our 
Salutes to the Lt. Gov'r of Xew Hampshire 
and the Gent'n took their leave of us and 
went homeward this afternoon." The follow- 
ing day, Sunday, May 15, the official journal 
contains this entry, "This day Mr. Enoch 



Hon Jacob H. Gallinger, senior United States senator from Xew Hampshire, and the lead- 
ing Republican member of the nation's most august legislative body, enjoys the distinction of 
longer service therein, than any other Xew Hampshire man, having entered, now, upon his 
fifth successive term. He was born in Cornwall. Ontario, March 28, 1837, of German ancestry 
on the paternal side, his great grandfather, Michael Gallinger, having emigrated from Ger- 
many in 1754, and settled in Xew York, later removing to Canada, while his mother, Catherine 
Cook, was of American stock. He was one of twelve children, received a common school and 
academic education; learned the printer's trade in early life, Liter studied medicine, was gradu- 
ated M.D., in 1858, practised for a time in Keene, removed to Concord in 1862, and has 
since resided here. He soon won success in his profession, but, espousing the principles of the 
Republican party, and becoming deeply interested in public affairs, he entered actively into 
political life. He served in the Xew Hampshire house of representatives in 1872 and 1873, and 
again in 189 1, was a member of the Constitutional Convention of 1870, and of thestate senate 
in 1878-79-80, being president the last two years. He was surgeon-general, with the rank 
of brigadier-general on the staff of Governor Head in 1879-80. He was a member of the house 
from the Second Xew Hampshire District in the forty-ninth and fiftieth congress, and was 
elected to succeed Henry W. Blair in the limited States senate from the 4th of March 1891, 
serving continually since, and being part icularly conspicious as a champion of the protective tariff 
principle. His committee assignments have been important, but in none has he rendered more 
valuable service than as chairman of the Committee on the District of Columbia wherein he 
promoted many important improvements. ' Senator Gallinger is a member of the board of 
trustees of the Columbia Hospital for Women, and of the board of Visitors to the Providence 
Hospital. He received the honorary degree of A.M., from Dartmouth College in 1885. He 
served as president pro tern of the senate in the sixty-second congress. He was chairman^ of 
the Merchant. Marine Commission of 1904-05, is a member of the National Forest Reservation 
Commission and vice-chairman of the Water Ways Commission. He served eighteen years as 
chairman of the Republican State Committee, was for a time a member of the Republican 
National Committee and was chairman of the delegations from his state in the Republican 
National Conventions of 18SS, 19U0, 1004 and 1908. August 23. 1860, Doctor Gallinger 
married Anna, daughter of Maj. Isaac Bailey of Salisbury, who died in Washington, February 
2, 1907. They had six children, of whom onlv one. Mrs. H. A. Norton of Cambridge, Mass., 
survives, the last to pass away being Dr. Ralph H. Gallinger, a successful practitioner in ins 
native city, and physician at the Xew Hampshire State Prison. At the old home in Salisbury, 
where his wife was reared, the senator has an attractive and restful summer residence. 



/pf 



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1 



HON. HENRY F. HOI.LIS 
United States Senator, 1913-1919 



Concord's 150th Anniversary 



155 



Coffin, our chaplain, performed divine serv- 
ice both parts of the da y." 

Returning to Portsmouth, the New Hamp- 
shire commission made this report : " We have 
been at said Pennecook, where we found his 
Hon. Col. William Taiter, Esq., Jno. Wain- 
wright, Esq., and Col. Elea'r Tyng, Esq., with 
sundry others to the number of near forty 
men, who were felling the trees and laying 
out the lands there: whereupon we presented 
them with the order of Court and assured 
them that their proceedings were highly dis- 
pleasing to the Government which sent us 
thither, and that their persisting therein 
would be at their peril; for that they might 
depend upon it when the controversial boun- 
dary between the two Pro\inees should be 
determined, the poor misled people who 
might be induced to settle there under the 
color of a Mass. Grant would be dispossessed 
of the said lands, or suffer some other incon- 
venience equally grievous, and that the mes- 
sage on which we were sent, and the fair fore- 
warning they had by us, would take away 
all occasions of complaint when they should 



be compelled to leave the said lands and lose 
the benefit of their improvement." 

These official documents introduce us to 
the opening act in that wilderness drama 
which was to continue with few intermissions 
almost to the close of our provincial era. 

Met with a warning like that at the very- 
outset of their undertaking may have given 
pause for awhile but not for long; the fibre 
of those sturdy men was too strong to bend 
and snap under the pressure of threats; they 
had come there resolute in purpose and they 
set about their task. 

Two years later, 17*28, their progress is 
thus chronicled: "The Spring opened upon 
the new plantation with most favorable 
auspices. A large number were engaged in 
building houses: clearing, fencing and plough- 
ing their lands. The block, or meeting- 
house, was finished; canoes constructed for 
navigat ing the river; the new way to Haverhill 
was improved: a committee chosen to agree 
with a minister to preach at Peimycook; a 
saw mill and a grist mill were started and a 
ferry place marked out." At a meeting held 



Hox. Henry French Hollis, United States senator from New Hampshire, and the only 
Democrat chosen to that office from this state since 1852, is a Concord native, son of Maj. 
Abijah and Harriette Van Mater (French) Hollis, born August 30, 1869, being a descendant, 
on both sides, of early Massachusetts families. He graduated from the Concord High School 
in the class of 1SS6, engaged in railroad engineering work in the West for a year and a half, 
completed his college preparatory work at Concord, Mass., entered Harvard in 1888, gradu- 
ating in 1823 with the highest honors, while during the last two years of his course pursuing 
the studies and completing the examinations of two years in the law school, so that, after a 
few months' further study in the offices of William L. Foster and Harry G. Sargent, he was 
admitted, in March, 1S93, to the New Hampshire bar. and immediately commenced practice 
in partnership with Mr. Sargent and Edward C. Xiles. Later, he was for six years associated 
with Attorney-General Edwin G. Eastman, and afterwards with Judge James W. Remick, 
Alexander Murchie, Robert Jackson and Robert C. Murchie. This partnership was dissolved 
a few years ago and the senator's partners have .since been the Murchie brothers, respectively 
city and county .solicitors, the firm being a strong and successful one. Always an earnest 
Democrat, he entered into active political life in 1900, when he became the Democratic candi- 
date for congress in the second district, making a sharp campaign in a hopelessly Republican 
district. Two years later he was his party's candidate for governor, and his stumping canvass 
was one of the most brilliant ever conducted m t3as state, resulting in a big reduction in the 
Republican majority, and, two years later, in an increased vote. Although achieving marked 
professional success in the subsequent years, his inclination toward political life continued 
strong, and early in 1912 he announced his candidacy for the United States senator, following 
this up with a stumping campaign in the autumn, which surpassed any of his previous efforts 
in that direction, greatly strengthened the party lines and insured him a hold on the Democratic 
members chosen to the legislature which nothing could break and which resulted in his election, 
on the forty-sixth ballot, ending the most strenuous contest for such position in the state 
within the memory of living men. Entering the senate immediately following his election, 
when the majority for his party in that body was slender, he was most cordially welcomed by 
his associates of the Democratic faith and at once gained a standing in their ranks and in the 
senate at large, such as bad never before been accorded a newly chosen senator. He was 
assigned to membership in several important committees, including Banking and Currency, 
Immigration, District of Columbia Woman Suffrage, Enrolled Bills (chairman), and several 
others, and in committee work, as well as debate upon the floor, he has made a record seldom, 
if ever, equaled by any young senator. He is a staunch supporter, ardent admirer, and warm 
friend of President Wilson and his administration. 



/■:> fa 




HON. WILLIAM M. CHASE 

Associate Justice, New Hampshire Supreme Court, 1891-1907 



Concord's loOth Anniversary 157 

in October, 1730. it was voted that the Rev. The decision of King George the Second 

Mr. Timothy Walker shall be the minister of promulgated in 1740 defined the southern 

the town, and in the following month he was boundary as running from east to west, three 

ordained in the little log meeting-house. miles from the mouth of the Merrimack, 

If inspiration had guided those men,- they thereby adding twenty or more towns to New 

could not have done better; their choice Hampshire, all of which had been granted by 

proved to be one of those mysterious acts Massachusetts regardless of her right of 
which Providence now and then is pleased to : possession. And the most important and 

dispense and approve. promising among those towns was Rumford, 

They had unknowingly called to their whose inhabitants to a man were Massachu- 

council-ftre a rare and lovable character, a setts bom. Family ties were strong between 

true leader of men. A native of Woburn and them and those they had left in the old home, 

a graduate of Harvard. Mr. Walker was in while with the governing powers of Ports- 

his twenty-fifth year when he began his long mouth they had little in common, 

and useful labors which were to mean so much Moreover, they remembered the warnings 

to the people. His coming was a reinforce- and threats officially spoken on the day they 

ment of sterling worth to the town and to the arrived at Pennycook to begin their home 

later state. making. The royal decision naturally caused 

Soon after this event the growth and pros- alarm and disquietude, consequently they 

perily of the settlement caused Massachusetts voted in town meeting begging the general 

to incorporate the Plantation of Pennycook court of Massachusetts Bay to use its in- 

into the Township of Rumford in the County fiuence with His Majesty in their behalf. 

of Essex, and Rumford it continued to be Considering the boundary dissentions and 

until 17G5. rival land claims and the king's final decree, 

Hon. William M. Chase, former associate justice of the supreme court of New Hampshire, 
long a leading member of the bar, and a prominent and public-spirited citizen, was born in 
Canaan, December 28, 1S37, the son of Horace and Abigail S. (Martin) Chase. He is a de- 
scendant of Aquilla Chase, who came, with his brother, Thomas, from Cornwall, England, to 
Hampton, N. H., about 1639. His father, Horace, a native of Chester, who had removed to 
Dorchester, settled on a farm near Canaan ''Street," at the time of his marriage with Abigail 
S. Martin, a daughter of William S. Martin of Pembroke, descendant of one of the early 
Scotch-Irish settlers of Londonderry, and subsequently moved to the "Street" where William 
M. attended the village school, and Canaan Academy, at which he fitted for college, except 
for one term at Kimball Union Academy. He entered the scientific department at Dartmouth 
College a year in advance, in 1S56, graduating in 1858. He had taught school, winters, while 
pursuing his studies, and after graduation, became assistant preceptor in Henniker Academy, ' 
where he remained two years, and then commenced the study of law with the late Hon. Anson 
S. Marshall of Conrord, and was admitted to the bar, here, August 21, 1862. In the following 
year he formed a partnership with Mr. Marshall, which was continued successfully and upon 
the most intimate terms until the untimely death of the latter from accidental shooting. July 
4, 1874. Meanwhile he had declined the professorship of mathematics in the scientific depart- 
ment at Dartmouth, prefering continuance in the profession to which he was devoted and in 
which he was winning success. Subsequently he was for live years a partner with the late 
Chief Justice Jonathan E. Sargent, and, later, for more than ten years, Frank S. Strceter was 
associated with him in practice. The several firms of Marshall & Chase, Sargent & Chase, 
and Chase & Streeter, ranked among the leading tirms of central New Hampshire, and their 
practice was extensive. April 1, .1891, Mr Chase became an associate justice of the supreme 
court of New Hampshire, continuing ten years, till the establishment of the present dual 
system, when he was again appointed to the higher court bench, serving with distinction till 
his retirement through age limitation, December 28, 1907. A learned and able lawyer, a just 
and upright judge, his contribution to the jurisprudence of the state has been most honorable 
and substantial; nor have his activities been confined to the. legal field. He served for twenty 
years as a member of the Concord Board of Education, was three years a trustee of the State 
Normal School, and has been a trustee of Dartmouth College since 1890, from which institu- 
tion he received the honorary degree of A.M., m 1879, and that of LL.D., in 1898. He has 
been a trustee of the Merrimack County Savings Bank and a director of the First National 
Bank, of which he was president in 1885-86. He was chairman of the commission of 1889 to 
revise and codify the laws of the state, was for many years a member of the bar examining com- 
mittee, and has held and adorned various other positions. March 18, 1863, he married Miss 
Ellen Sherwood Abbott. They have one son, Arthur Horace, librarian of the New Hampshire 
State Library, a graduate of Dartmouth of the class of 18SG. 



r$ 



51 



HON. JOHN M. MITCHELL 
Assocciate Justice, Superior Court, 1910-1913 



Concord's 130th Anniversary 



159 



this procedure may have been wanting in 
tact anil foresight, but they knew what they 
'.\ anted and boldly said £0. They found them- 
selves excluded from Massachusetts, to which 

they had always supposed themselves to 
belong, and they prayed that King George, 
taking compassion on their distress, would 
graciously annex them to the sovereignty 
they loved and respected. 

Xo wonder that Gov. Penning Wentworth 
and his council took umbrage at the conduct 
of the dwellers on the Merrimack. 

Rumford was too loyal to the sister colony 
to satisfy the Portsmouth government ; accord- 
ingly a drastic act was passed which in effect 
abolished the town incorporation of a few 
years before by creating the District of Rum- 
ford. Tins act of 1742 subjected Rumford 
to taxation without representation; taxes 
were raised to support the Provincial Govern- 
ment, but the town sent no member to the 
assembly. That so fundamental a question 
failed to agitate the people and their rulers 
dming that period must be attributed to the 
stress of war and Indian hostilities which 



broke over the land and continued during 
many years. I would that I might relate to 
you the sufferings and sacrifices visited on the 
little township; to tell of the brave de-eds done 
by the inhabitants; to portray at length the 
part performed by the levies of Rumford at 
the taking of Louisburg; at Ticonderoga, 
Crown Point and on the Plains of Abraham, 
exploits and deeds which are now a part of 
our country's history. 

And through all that dark and perilous 
time poor Rumford, giving her sons to the 
common cause, was punished as an outcast 
by the vindictive oligarchy at Portsmouth. 
Her people, notwithstanding their affection 
for Massachusetts, cheerfully accepted the 
new government and its laws and petitioned 
for a Xew Hampshire charter. 

Those petitions met with no response; 
redress was withheld and Rumford left, in a 
measure to itself, managed affairs prudently, 
grew strong and influential, yet from 1749 to 
1765, it was neither town nor district recog- 
nized by law. 

This singular situation vexatious to Ruin- 



Hox. John M. Mitchell, associate justice of the superior court of New Hampshire, born in 
Plymouth, X. EL, July 6, 1849, died in Concord, March 4, 1913. He .was the son of John and 
Honora (Doherty) Mitchell, who soon after his birth removed to Vermont, finally locating in 
the town of Salem, now a part of Derby, where John M. graduated from the town's famous 
academy. He taught school several winters, and was superintending school committee in 
Salem two years while yet in his minority. Choosing the legal profession for his life work, he 
commenced his studies in the office of Edwards & Dickerman at Derby and finished with 
Harry and George A. Bingham at Littleton, X. H.. where he commenced practice, in partner- 
ship with Harry Bingham in 1872, and where he continued until his removal to Concord in 
1881, establishing a high reputation as a lawyer, and commanding the close confidence of his 
distinguished associate with whom he continued partnerslup relations after his removal to the 
Capital City. While in Littleton he hod served on the school board, as chairman of the 
board of selectmen, and as solicitor of Grafton County. While gaining the highest rank at the 
bar, Judge Mitchell was ever a public spirited and patriotic citizen, taking a deep interest in 
the welfare of the community and state, and meeting in the fullest sense all the obligations of 
life. He was for nine years a member of the Concord Board of Education, and for some time 
its president; represented Ward Four, in the legislature in 1893, and as a delegate in the Con- 
stitutional Conventions of 1902 and 1912, and was a member of the state board of railroad 
commissioners from 1S8S to 1801. He was long a trust re of the X'ew Hampshire State Hospital 
and of the Margaret Pillsbury Hospital, and the first president of the State Board of Charities 
and corrections, which he was rastrameBta] in. organizing; was a trustee and president of the 
Loan & Trust Savings Bank and a director of the Xational State Capital Bank. He had been 
for many years counsel of the Concord Railroad, and, later, of the Boston & Maine, and was 
the legal adviser of the Catholic bishop of Manchester, from the creation of the diocese, as he 
had previously been of the bishop of Portland. He received the honorary degree of A.M. from 
Dartmouth College in 18SG. Politically he was a Democrat, firm in his convictions, loj-al to 
his party, conservative in his views, wise and sagacious in counsel. He served long on the 
state committee, was president of the state convention in 1888, Democratic nominee for United 
States senator in 1903, and a delegate to the Xational Convention in 1904. His appointment 
to the superior court bench by Gowrr.nr Quimby, September 7, 1910, commanded the universal 
approval of bar and public, as one eminently (it to be made, and his judicial service up to the 
time of his death characterized him a-' one of the most efficient trial judges that the state has 
known. Judge Mitchell was united in marriage, November 17, 1874, with Julia C. Lonergan 
of St. Johnsbury, Vt., who died December 28, 1912. -Two daughters, Agnes and Marion, 
survive, one daughter dying in infancy, and a son, Leo, at the age of three years. 



/'fcp 




HON. NATHANIEL E. MARTIN 
Mayor of Concord, 1899, 1900 



Concord's 150th Anniversary 



161 



ford was infinitely worse for New Hampshire 
but we must not forget that New Hampshire, 
during the half century prior to the Revolu- 
tion, was comprised of policitians dwelling in 
and about Portsmouth, all friends or relatives 
of the governor. 

Relationship and common interests welded 
them into an organized and powerful com- 
pany unusual at that period. The governor 
and council dispensed royal favors in minia- 
ture, appointed judges, issued writs for the 
assembly and were, in fact, the source of law 
and the fountain head of justice. To t hat- 
assemblage the voters of Rumford in 1750 
made petition, praying to be incorporated 
into a township with their former boundaries 
and with such rights and privileges as any of 
the towns in the province possessed, and 
setting forth in detail the ill consequences 
arising out of a continued deprivation of 
liberties common to Englishmen. This was 
the kind of petition the governor and council 
were hoping to see and possibly expected; at 
any rate, it proved to be the opportunity 
impatiently desired by the party strong at 
court and the long drawn out Bow Contro- 
versy entered upon its opening scene. 



The Rumford petition was stopped on the 
threshold by a spirited remonstrance signed 
by the selectmen of Bow, alleging that the 
bounds therein described conflicted with 
bounds of Bow. 

The Bow charter, granted by New Hamp- 
shire in 1727 as a protest against Massachu- 
setts for her Pennycook grant, was a curious 
document framed for a definite purpose. 

The two charters were as unlike as possible. 
We are familiar with the Pennycook charter 
and the conditions imposed upon the settlers 
and we have seen them begin their wilderness 
labors and have noted the prosperous and well 
ordered town they founded. Let us look for 
a moment at the Bow charter. I have spoken 
of the influential men gathered round the 
seat of government, warmed by official 
favors and eager for gain. We behold them 
in this charter as grantees or as "Admitted 
Associates," whatever that designation may 
mean, and the enumeration of their names is 
to furnish a roster of the office-holders of the 
period. John Wentworth was lieutenant- 
governor, therefore his son, Benning, after- 
wards governor, headed the distinguished 
array comprising the oligarchy of rulers and 



Hon. Nathaniel E. Martin, son of Theophilus and Sarah L. (Rowell) Martin, was born in 
Loudon, August 9, ISoo. His father was a substantial farmer and leading citizen, promi- 
nent in town and county affairs and a grandson of James Martin, a Revolutionary soldier of 
Pembroke. Nathaniel E. labored on the old homestead (which he now owns) in youth, and thus 
established the basis of the vigorous physical manhood by which lie has always been character- 
ized, no less than by the aeuteness of his mental powers. Seeking a better education than his 
native town afforded, he entered the Concord High School, graduating in 1876, and imme- 
diately entered the office of Sargent & Chase as a student at law, was admitted to the bar Aug- 
ust 1-1, 1S79, and immediately commenced practice in Concord where he has since continued, 
for the last twenty years, being associated with DeWitt C. Howe, the firm having a reputation 
for ability and success second to none. Indeed it is safe to say that no lawyer in the county 
in the last quarter of a century has won greater success as a jury lawyer than Nathaniel E. 
Martin, and the name of his firm appears oftener on the docket than any other. Politically 
Mr. Martin is a staunch Democrat, though by no means a politician in the ordinary sense. He 
has served as chairman of the Democratic City Committee, as secretary and chairman of 
the State Committee, and was a delegate in the National Democratic Convention at St. Louis 
in 1904. In November, ISSo, he was elected solicitor of Merrimack County, and during his 
term of office made the only demonstration, known in the state, of, the fact that the prohibitory 
law could be effectively enforced. In November, 1S98, he was chosen mayor of Concord, 
and, during his two years' term gave the city a good business administration, though accom- 
plishing less than would have been the case had he not been hampered by an adverse partisan 
majority in the councils, more intent upon making party capital than promoting the public 
welfare. He was also a prominent member of the constitutional convention of 1912, and at 
the last election, as the Democratic candidate, was elected to the state senate from the Concord 
district, and was one of the most efficient and influential members of that body at the recent 
Eession. Mr. Martin was one of the incorporators of the Concord Building and Loan Asso- 
ciation and treasurer from its incorporation. He has also been extensively engaged in lum- 
bering operations in association with others, and owns, aside from the old home farm, many 
acres of timber land. He has always been a lover of fine horses and dogs, and of the former 
has owned many high-class specimens. He is a member of Concord Lodge, I. O. 0. F., and 
Canton Wildey, Patriarch, Militant- March 27, 1902, he was united in marriage with Mr3. 
Jennie P. (Burnham) Lawrence, who died a few years since. 



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Concord's 150th Anniversary 



163 



law makers. Not a home maker nor a pioneer 
settler is found in thai list of names and the 
reason is apparent. Tne Bow charter was as 
bread east upon the waters of chance and 
speculation. It was an official anchor to 
hold against the future when the boundary 
between Massachusetts and New Hampshire 
should be finally established:. 

The oligarchy was a wise and patient body, 
the prototype of the later day "Ring." 
Jethro Bass existed long before Coniston. 
How effective and dangerous the Bow charter 
might become in the hands of designing men 
may by seen by tracing its boundaries which, 
in fact, enclosed practically the entire tract 
already granted to Pennycook. 

But Bow attracted no settlers, or very few, 
while the Pennycook people went to work 
in good faith so that in 1733 there were eighty 
families with meeting-house anil school and 
completed roadways. In the meanwhile 
a complacent condition of mind prevailed in 
Portsmouth. 

Benning Went worth in 1750 had been 
governor ten years and was in the fullness of 
his power surrounded by willing associates 
and influential friends when the so-called 



Bow selectmen appeared to oppose the peti- 
tion of Rumford. 

The procedure had been carefully planned 
by the claimants. 

To grant the petition would be to recognize 
and affirm the corporate entity of Rumford 
and that would be fatal to the scheme of 
self enrichment so dear to the governor and 
his official family. The Bow claimants never 
had actual seizin other than the illusory 
averment that they had constructive posses- 
sion of which they had been disseized by the 
Rumford settlers for a-period of twenty-three 
years. Audacity and effrontery under the 
guise of law were enjoying a field day at the 
provincial capital. 

To weary you with reciting the many suits 
brought against, the Rumford farmers is not 
my purpose. Litigation never ceased until 
King George the Third at the end of thirteen 
years interposed his royal decree bringing 
relief to the harassed defendants. Suit fol- 
lowed suit, appeal followed appeal, costs 
begot costs, the result was always the same 
for the superior judges agreed with the infe- 
rior judges on all disputed questions. The 
figure of Justice gracing the court rooms of 



Hon. James O. Lyford, chairman of the Committee on Legislative Reunion, to whose 
strong and active interest the assured success of that branch of the Anniversary Celebration is 
largely due. is a native of Boston, Mass., born June 2S, 1853, but removed to Canterbury in this 
state in early life, where his childhood and youth were passed. He was educated in the public 
schools and at Tiiton Seminary, studied law and was admitted to the bar, but entered journalism 
and political life, in which he has been active and conspicuous. His work as a newspaper 
editor and correspondent has been extensive and varied, but never attracting wider attention 
than during his recent service as political editor of the Nashua Telegraph. He was a delegate 
from the town of Canterbury in the Constitutional Convention of 1S76, but since that time has 
been a resident of Concord and has represented Ward Four in the legislatures of 1893, 1895 and 
1S97, as well as in that of 1015. and in the Constitutional Conventions of 1902 and 1912. In 
the legislature he has always been an industrious and influential member of the Judiciary Com- 
mittee and a Republican leader in debate and in parliamentary management, for which he has 
marked aptitude. He was chairman of the Xew Hampshire Board of Bank Commissioners 
from 1S87 to ISO-", and to his efficient service in that capacity he owes his appointment by 
Governor Spaulding to a similar position at the head of the present reorganized commission. 
His interest in savings bank affairs fess been deep and strong and, more rhan any other man, 
has he influenced legislation to promote the advantage of depositors. He was auditor of the 
city of Concord from 1896 to 1898, and United States Xaval Officer of Customs at the port of 
Boston from 1898 till 1913. For the last two years he has been secretary of the Concord 
Board of Trade. He has been prominent in the direction of Republican party management for 
many years, and was particularly active in the last campaign. He has spoken extensively on 
the stump for his party for many years, and has given many lectures and addresses before 
various organizations, and as a writer has done superior work aside from that in the news- 
paper field, as evidenced by work on the "Concord City History," the "Life and Times of 
Edward H. Rollins," and the "History of Canterbury." In social life he is always an attrac- 
tion. He holds membership in the Wonolancet Club of Concord, the Algonquin and City 
clubs of Boston and the Derryheld Club of Manchester, as also in Capital Grange and the 
Concord Board of Trade. He united in marriage May 2, 1SS2, with Susan Aver, daughter of 
the late William P. Hill, and granddaughter of Governor Isaac Hill, for whose wife she was 
named. They have had three children, two daughters and a son, of whom only the son, 
Richard, survives. He fitted for college at Tiiton Seminary and the celebrated Stone School 
in Boston, and is now a member of the freshman class at Harvard. 



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HENRY HARRISON METCALF 
Chairman General Committee and Anniversary Exercises 



Concord's 150th Anniversary 



1G5 



that era, if any there were, had dropped her 
scales arid her eyes Heeded no bandage. 

Even the historian of Bow remarks: 
'•'Impartial trials were impossible in New 
Hampshire courts, as judges, juries, council- 
lors, and all were in the interests of the pro- 
prietors of Bow." But the iron courage of the 
men who had made the wilderness a place of 
contended homes, who had scouted the woods 
and fought, savages, weakened not a drop of 
blood; they took prompt and resolute action. 
All unconsciously what they did then was 
the prelude to what they did not many years 
later when they heard the tidings of Concord 
and Lexington. 

That their adversary was in fact the Royal 
Government at Portsmouth made no differ- 
ence, they understood who the real plaintiffs 
"were. They realized, also, that the contest 
was one of inherent right against official 
speculation and sordid self seeking. Finn 
of purpose, scorning compromise, they deter- 
mined to defend their titles and their firesides; 
consequently they assembled as free men in 
their meeting-house and unanimously voted 
that they would pay the cost of the suit then 
pending, and, further, that they would meet 
the charges of supporting the just right and 



claim of any of the grantees against any per- 
son or persons that should trespass upon any 
of the said lands or that shall bring a writ 
for the recovery of the aforesaid lands. And 
they added this wise proviso: that the person 
so sued shall pursue and defend his rights 
agreeable to the orders of the people of Rum- 
ford. Thus they made the whole subject a 
matter of public concern . They raised money 
by selling the common land and by pledging 
their individual credit, yet suit and review 
suit and appeal went uniformly against them. 

Owing to the limited damages claimed in 
each suit an appeal to London was prevented. 
That the king and council would ignore pro- 
vincial technicalities and rules of court and 
open the whole question to argument was 
confidently believed, but in what manner 
could the matter be sent across the Atlantic? 

How might the king be invoked? Happily 
some Rumford man, possibly Parson Walker, 
suggested that the right of a British subject 
to petition the sovereign for redress of griev- 
ances was a fundamental principle of the 
English Constitution, which had been exer- 
cised from very early times, and that it 
seemed to meet the obstacle imposed by a 
denial of legal appeal. The broad-minded 



Hexry Harrison' Metcalf, chairman of the General Committee, and of the Committee on 
Anniversary Exercises, was born in Newport, N. H., April 7, 1841, and reared to farm life; edu- 
cated in public and private schools, Mt. Caesar Seminary, Swanzey, and the Law Department 
of the University of Michigan, graduating LL. B., in 1865. He continued the study of law with 
Hon. Edmund Burke of Newport, and was admitted to the bar, August, 1SG6. He entered 
journalism the next year and continued therein, editing the White Mountain Republic at Little- 
ton three years, the Concord People four years; State Press at Dover five years, Manchester Daily 
Union two years, upon its establishment as a morning paper, and People and Patriot eleven 
years. He was for twelve years editorial writer for the Portsmouth Times, and five years for 
the Cheshire Republican, at Keene, and was long Xew Hampshire correspondent of the Boston 
Post and the New York World, Herald and Times. In 1877 he establihsd the Granite 
Monthly, in Dover, and is now its editor and proprietor. Politically he is and always has been 
a Democrat. He was secretary of the Democratic State Conmittee in 1860-70; a delegate to 
the Democratic National Convention in St. Louis in 187o; several tunes chairman of the 
Concord Democratic City Committee, and president of the State Convention in May, 1900. 
He lias been his party's candidate for mayor, stale senator', secretary of state and member of 
congress, and was appointed editor of Early Province and State Papers (State Historian) by 
Governor Eelker, upon the death of Hon. A. S. Batchellor of Littleton, in 1913. Always a 
friend of ag-icultur.-, he was a charter member of Capital Grange of Concord, of which he is a 
past master and lecturer, a charter member of Merrimack County Pomona Grange and eleven 
times its lecturer, and was lecturer of the New Hampshire State Grange from 1897 to 1903. 
He is a charter member of Granite State Council, R. A., and is a past regent, past deputy 
supreme regent, and Chairman of the Grand Council's Committee on Laws. He is a member of 
the New Hampshire Historical Society and of the New Hampshire Society, Sons of the American 
Revolution,, serving as historian, and member of the board of managers. He was for fifteen 
years secretary of the Concord Board of Trade, and is now, and has been for seven years 
secretary of the New Hampshire Board of Trade, and is, also, president of the New Hampshire 
Old Home Week Association. In religion he is a Universalist and vice-president and member 
of the executive board of the Universalist State Convention, lie received the honorary degree 
of A. M., from Dartmouth College in 1913. December 18, I860, he married Mary Jane Jackson 
of Littleton. They have two sons, Harry Bingham and Edmund Burke, and a daughter, 
Laura Prucia, wife of Harlan C. Pearson of Concord. 



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COL. LYSANDER H. CARROLL 
Postmaster of Concord, 1880-1885 * 



Concord's 1 50th A n n (versa ry 



16: 



minister, the man of affairs, shrewd, tena- 
cious and withal concilitory. had found the 
way and was willing and ready to lead. The 
inhabitants to a man were as one; no dis- 
senting or uncertain voice was heard. No 
event in all our annals compares with that 
singular mission to the British court. As we 
view that act of the inhabitants we are over- 
come with mingled wonder and admiration. 
That a little community on the frontier of'-' 
war-ridden Xew Hampshire should pause in 
the midst of alarms and assemble in town- 
meeting and vote to ask the king to listen 
to their sad story and to give them relief 
seems incredible! 

Money was scarce, yet somehow money 
-was forthcoming; courage, perhaps, was a 
coinage acceptable at London and estimated 
at its full value. Be that as it may, Mr. 
Walker assisted by Colonel Rolfe, Rumford's 
first citizen, sat down to prepare the royal 
petition upon which depended interests so 
momentous. Bringing to his task a liberal 
education, a cogency of reasoning and clear- 
ness of mind, Parson Walker composed a 
■document remarkable for strength and per- 
suasion and worthy in all respects to be pre- 
served among the state's most precious ar- 
chives. 

Briefly was set forth the beginning of the 
settlement and its development, the Indian 
troubles, the loss of lives, the exacting cost, 
the toil and law-abiding traits of the popula- 



tion, which at that time occupied about eighty 
dwellings with many cleared and cultivated 
farms. Following came an accurate account 
of the boundary disputes arising from the Bow 
and the Penacook charters, and the unfortu- 
nate litigation connected with them which 
the minister described in no uncertain terms. 

Pointing out that the Bow charter was 
posterior to that of Penacook and that during 
the last twenty years but few families had 
settled there, the proprietors instead of im- 
proving the land preferred the easier method 
of forcing the Rumford men out of their 
hard-won possessions and thereby gain wealth 
at another's expense. This put into vigorous 
phrase would certainly merit royal attention 
and it did, undoubtedly, exert an influence. 
"But your petitioners' greatest misfortune is 
that they cannot have a fair, impartial trial, 
for that the governor and most of the council 
are proprietors of Bow, and by them not only 
the judges are appointed, but also the officers 
that empanel the jury." The taking from 
Rumford of her town privileges, the denial 
of representation and the levying of province 
taxes were touched upon, and the petition 
closed with an appeal to His Majesty, the 
common Father of His subjects, that he 
should hear and determine the cause by 
ordering a fair trial and cutting off the ever 
multiplying expenses incident to so many 
vexatious suits at law. « 

Armed in a righteous cause, Timothy 



Col. Lysaxder H. Carroll was born in Croydon, X. H., October 8. 1835, receiving his 
education at the district schools of Cornish. At the age of seventeen he engaged with Frank 
Robbins of Sutton, as driver and salesman on a s f ove team, traversing the surrounding country. 
When he attained his majority he purchased Mr. Robbins' business and carried it on success- 
fully until 1865, when he removed to Concord where lie engaged in the stove and hardware 
business under the firm name of Carroll & Stone. For six years he handled a very successful 
b;isiness and then purchased and conducted for a dozen of years the famous dining room of 
Piper <fc Haskins, whose cuisine was famous throughout the state. In 1875-76 he was colonel 
on the staff of Governor Cheney, which represented Xew Hampshire at the centennial celebra- 
tion at Philadelphia on the opening and Xew Hampshire days. The colonel was chosen to bear 
the vote of the Xew Hampshire presidential electors to Washington at the time of the election 
of President Hayes, and in 1877 and 1878 he was engaged in the United States Mail Service 
as the transfer agent at the Concord depot. In 1S79 President Hayes appointed Colonel Car- 
roll postmaster of Concord and President Arthur favored him with a reappointment. ^ During 
his second administration he inaugurated Concord's present free delivery system and Sunday 
mail. He was next associated with the banking house of E. IX. Rollins & Sons Company as 
salesman, stockholder and director until 1895, when the financial panic and ill health compelled 
him to desist from road work. He represented Ward Six, Concord, in the general court in 
1895-90 and from 1899 to 1911 was labor commissioner for this state. Colonel Carroll has 
always been interested in charitable work and has probably raised more money for this purpose 
than any other person in the city. He was prominently connected with the movement to 
establish Concord s first shoe factory and with Oscar Pitman raised sufficient money to in- 
sure its location here. Another instance of his benevolence was the raising of $39,000 from a 
$10,000 donation for the erection of the Concord Y. M. C. A. He is a Mason and a. Knight 
Templar, and in politics a Republican, having been prominent in that party since 1850, and a 
member of the State Committee for over thirty vears. 



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THE "OLD NORTH "—FIRST CONGREGATIONAL CHURCH 

Eroded 1751. Improved 1783-4. Enlarged 1S03 

Abandoned November 23, 1S42. The Seat of the Methodist General Biblical 

Institute, 1S47-1S67. Burned November 28, 1870 

(Site no*' occupied by the Walker School House) 



Co n cord 's 1 501 h A n n i versa ry 



169 



\\ alker, the minister in a double sense, sailed 
for London late in 1753. Thesixweeks' voyage 
%v;>5 tedious, no doubt, and he gladly welcomed 
the old country and its capitol, where, present- 
ing his letters of introduction, he consulted 
with friends and began his mission. 

The shrewd Yankee minister, recognizing 
the fact that a good cause needed a good advo- 
cate, retained Sir William Murray as his 



ance ripened into close and lasting friendship. 
A remarkable and interesting coincidence of 
dates marked the lives of the two men. Both 
were born in 1705, and Sir William was called 
to the bar the same year, the same month and 
almost the same day that the minister had 
been ordained in the log meeting-house thou- 
sands of miles away. Such men could not 
have failed to have many traits in common 






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St. Paul's Episcopal Church Pleasant Street Baptist Church 



counsel. Fortunate, indeed, was that choice. 
Sir William was, in 1753, solicitor-general and 
a year later he became attorney-general. A 
leader of the bar, preeminent in his profes- 
sion, and in the House of Commons an orator 
second only to William Pitt. 

By what channel of intercourse Mr. Walker 
met the great lawyer, we do not know, but 
we do know how that professional aequaint- 



and many subjects of mutual conversation. 
In the meanwhile the Portsmouth proprietors 
of Bow had not been idle or indifferent; they 
had engaged counsel and supplied them with 
arguments against allowing the Rumford 
app al to the king. 

But all to no result for Sir W'illiam per- 
suaded the committee of the king's council to 
hear the case in October. 175k 



The "Old North Church," or meeting-house of the First Congregational Church, in 
Concord, has been the scene of many occurrences of great historic interest. Here, in 1778, a 
convention was held ''To form a permanent plan of government for the State of New Hamp- 
shire." In 1782, the first time the legislature met in Concord, it assembled in this house, on 
March 13, followed by the meeting of fifteen sessions of the general court. Here, in 1784, 
the new State Constitution was formed and adopted. In June, 1783, the Federal Constitution 
was here ratified, New Hampshire being, by this action, the ninth state — the number required 
to make the union possible. In 1701-92, a convention met to revise the State Constitution. 
From 1784 to 1 S3 1 , thirty-nine times, the legislature marched in formal procession to thi3 
church to hear the annual election sermon. From 17G5 to 1790, twenty-five years, all Concord 
town meetings were held here. On July 20, 1817, James Muriroe, president of the United States, 
attended Sabbath service in this church.' Thursday, June 5, 1845, here was held the great 
debate between Hon. John P. Hale and Gen. Franklin Pierce on the subject of slavery. 



170 



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Concord's 1 oOth A n n iversa ry 



171 



Parson Walker sailed for home, remaining in the new world to the victorious Briton. 

until the late summer of that year when lie Portsmouth law suits slumbered for a while 

journeyed again to London prepared for the but no sooner was peace in sight than a new 

heaving. But the usual procrastination and action was begun. Again we follow its pre- 

delay incident to English legal procedure of destined course in the provincial conns end- 






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New Hampshire State Library 



the period postponed the case until June, 
1755, when the king and council made their 
decision to the effect that the judgment of 
the superior court in favor of the proprietors 
of Bow be reversed. Like the imperial 
ambassadors of our own time, Minister 



ing with the inevitable judgment for Bow, 
but the amount then in controversy permitted 
an appeal to the king in council, so we behold 
the resolute parson, armed with the mandate 
of his people, setting out on his third journey 
to England. 







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Walker might have exclaimed, as he met Ms 
townsmen, il I have returned 'with peace and 
honor.' " Xow broke over New England the 
French and Indian War destined to rage until 
the day when France surrendered her empire 



On reaching London he found that his good 
friend, Murray, has been appointed chief 
justice of the King's Bench with the title of 
Baron Mansfield, or Lord .Mansfield as the 
world knows him. 



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Concord's 150th Anniversary 



173 



But this high office, while ending the former 
relations of client and attorney, did not pre- 
vent the chief jus [ice frofn rendering further 
aid to the cause of Rmnford, for by a provi- 
sion of law. or of time honored custom, the 



Chief Justice of the Common Pleas with the 
title of Lord Walsihgham. We shall never 
cense to regret that Mr. Walker kept no 
diary during those years, for if he did keep 
one no traces of it can be discovered, but he 



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Residence of Dr. George M. Kimball 

One of Concord's Substantial Modern Residences 



chief justice became a member of the privy 
council before which American appeals were 
heard. Accordingly we find Lord Mansfield 
taking a very prominent part in the cause 



did write a few letters to his friends and 
among them one to his townsman, Col. Ben- 
jamin Eolfe. describing the hearing before the 
council. It appeared that Lord Mansfield 



..-:'■' . -. \ ■'-.'■*'■ I - • "'"'•■ 



Residence of Dr. Orlando B. Douglas 
A Typical Modern Home, Auburn Street 



Parson Walker had so much at heart. It is 
interesting to note that fortune had again 
served Mr. Walker well in the choice of his 
new counsel who was William De Grey, a 
leader of the bar and subsequently Lord 



checked irrelevance and discursiveness with 
a heavy hand and narrowed the issues mate- 
rially, finally saying that there were but two 
pomts worth insisting upon; one, the false 
laying out of Bow; the other, the decree of 



174 



The Gran He Monthly 



King George the Second respecting private 
Fights. These points he discussed with clear- 
ik-.-s and cogency dec-luring that a man's 
possession should be las title and that private 
property should be protected; that it is not 
the same as private possession, but meant 
more considering the circumstances of the 
particular case. Othei views were, no doubt, 
expressed with arguments for and against 
the appellants for the hearing was exhaustive 
and prolonged. However, on December 17, 
1762, the Right Honorable, the Lords of the 
Committee of Council, for hearing appeals 
from the plantations rendered their report 
to the king in council confirming the conten- 



nssociates, having tested the mettle of Parson 
Walker and his flock, no longer invoked their 
judges to assist in robbing the sturdy inhab- 
itants on the Merrimack, 

The people of Rumford had won the long 
and costly contest in the final court of law, 
but they were left without town rights and 
local government, victims of the malevolent 
disposition of their opponents. Fortunately 
a people who had gone through unexampled 
perils and had experienced such vicissitudes 
had learned the lesson of restraint and pa- 
tience as few among New England communi- 
ties had ever learned it. There were giants 
in the earth in those days and they grew 





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tion of Rumford by reversing the judgments 
of the New Hampshire courts. A few days 
later the king with the advice of his council 
formally approved and confirmed the report 
and ordered that "the appellants be restored 
to what they may have lost by means of the 
said judgments, whereof the Governor or 
Commander-in-Chief of his Majesty's Prov- 
ince of New Hampshire, for the time being, 
and all others whom it may concern, are to 
take notice and govern themselves accord- 
ingly." The Portsmouth oligarchy, humbled 
beyond repair in the court of last resort, was 
not without power to vex and worry the 
people of Rumford with taxes and claims 
during the years following the decree of 1762. 
But Governor Wentworth and his speculative 



strong by touching the mother earth. De- 
voutly believing in the righteousness of their 
cause, firm in faith, unshakened in courage, the 
founders of the town bided their time. Their 
prayers for redress, however repugnant to the 
governor and council, could not be denied in- 
definitely, accordingly a change came over the 
stubborn spirits in Portsmouth. Stubborn is 
the word to explain the official mind in its treat- 
ment of Rumford, and the ministry at London, 
not insensible to the anomalous condition in 
New Hampshire, were considering the desira- 
bility of removing Penning Wentworth from 
office. After fifteen years of injustice and 
oppression, Parson Walker, in April, 1764, 
presented the last of-the long series of similar 
petitions to the governor and council. 



Co n cord's 1 50th A n n iversa ry 



175 



Despairing of fair and equitable treatment, 
the petitioner? prayed that His Excellency 
would even renew the District Act, although 
they unanimously preferred a town charter 
with definite privileges and liberties. Any- 
thing other than the existing uncertainty 
would satisfy them. A month later the house 
of representatives p-j.ssed a spiteful act of 
incorporation. 

That was the Parthian shot discharged by 
the revengeful government. Beaten in the 
contest before the king there remained one 
more weapon in the armory of the oligarchy, 
the arrow poisoned with humiliation. 

The governor and council saw their oppor- 
tunity and made the most of it. They 
avenged themselves and wounded Kumford, 
as they thought, and were happy. Listen to 
the method whereby the province sought to 
punish the free and well-ordered people who 
had dared to resist oppression and demand 
fair treatment. The house answered Mr. 
Walker's prayer with this insolent enactment, 
to wit, ''An Act for the setting off of a part 
of the Town of Bow, together with some lands 
adjoining thereto, with the inhabitants 
thereon, and making them a Parish by the 
name of Concord, investing them with such 
privileges and immunities as Towns in this 
IVovince have and do enjoy." 

This act of incorporation was agreed to by 
the council and consented to by the governor, 
June 7, 1765, one hundred and fifty years ago 
this very day. In the eye of law, Concord 
was merely a parish in Bow, but that fiction 



soon disappeared; yet not until after the war 
of the Revolution was the wrong made right 
by the state legislature of 17S4. 

Since the beginning we have had three 
names, Pcnacook of Indian meaning, Rum- 
ford purely English, and Concord derived 
from the Latin. Whence came the name 
Concord is not wholly determined, but its 
appropriateness seems to us peculiarly feli- 
citous. Tradition suggests that the name 
was designed to signify the unanimity of 
purpose and faith in the right which had 
always characterized the settlers and which 
has been a marked trait among their des- 
cendants. 

Perhaps we may attribute our proud name 
to the words spoken by the P.ev. John Barn- 
ard of Andover, who, at the ordination of the 
Rev.' Timothy Walker thirty-five years before, 
solemnly charged the people "always to live 
in Love and Peace— to rejoice and strengthen 
the hands of their Minister by their Concord.'' 
I have now traced the incidents and events 
from the wilderness beginning to the birth of 
the town, a period of less than half a century 
of years but withal, a period rich in history 
and infinitely richer in the moulding of civic 
virtues. We are fortunate, indeed, to inherit 
the traditions and beliefs of our ancestors and 
conserve them for the Concord of our day. 
We are stronger through their sublime faith 
and splendid courage and our duty is impera- 
tive and clear. Enriched by their example 
let us emulate them in civic ideals and civic 
accomplishment. 



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THE PROFESSIONAL LIFE OF CONCORD 

By Joseph M. Lacier 



The growth of Concord during the 
past century and a half, though it has 
not been what one might term rapid, 
has been steady and substantial. The 
efforts of the men who have been at 
the head of the municipal affairs have 
always been highly appreciated, but 
no one group of men has played a 
more important part in building Con- 
cord than the professional men. 

The lawyer of the early days was a 
prominent factor in public life, the 
physician a necessity, and as time 
passed on the dentist came into more 
prominence, his work today being 
recognized, not as a luxury as, hereto- 
fore, but as a necessity to the pre- 
servation of good health. 

For the first time in the history of 
Concord, biographies and portraits of 
the most prominent people of these 
three professions have been grouped 
in the volume that will preserve to 
posterity the Capital City and the 
people who are making its history in 
the present day. 



THE LEGAL PROFESSION 
The early history of Concord's 
bench and bar has been handed down 
to the present generation by the few 
remaining traditions and even after 
the eighteenth centuiy there can be 
found only meager annals, anecdotes 
and official records on this important 
subject. Concord took a small part 
in the doings of the professional world 
and not many men were interested in 
the study of law. Court at that time 
was held in Rockingham County 
either Portsmouth or Exeter, and the 
methods of travel were so slow that 
it certainly was no inducement to the 
energetic youth to practice under 
such circumstances. The first judge 
in this section was Timothy Walker, 
•Jr., son of Rev. Timothy Walker, 
Concord's first minister, and the first 
lawyer was Peter Green. 

Concord did not prove a very at- 
tractive field for the legal profession, 



but, nevertheless, • several students 
came to the village and the records 
show that in later years they were 
among the most distinguished pro- 
fessional men, including Nathaniel, 
Gardner and Samuel Green and Ed- 
ward and Arthur St. Loe, the two 
latter having later been' appointed to 
the bench. i 

The laws of this period were loosely 
administered and the people regarded 
litigation as an expensive and shame- 
fully prolonged process of justifica- 
tion. The judges were not necessarily 
men well versed in law, and very often 
a farmer or a merchant was appointed 
to the bench. The condition of the 
courts was, indeed, bad. Three courts 
were in existence, the county court, 
composed of all the justices in the 
county and meeting four times a year; 
the inferior court of common pleas, 
consisting of a justice and four asso- 
ciates, which settled civil actions 
when the damages did not exceed 
twenty pounds and, lastly, the supe- 
rior court of judicature which con- 
sisted of a chief justice and four 
associates, whose salaries were respec- 
tively 81,500 and 81,200. Political 
upheavals in 1813 and in 1816 partly 
succeeded in establishing a new sys- 
tem, the legislature taking a hand 
this time and it finally resulted in the 
establishment of the judiciary, which 
really begins the history of the bench 
and bar in Concord. 

In 1816 Concord had seven attor- 
neys, Samuel Green, Charles Walker, 
Moody Kent, Samuel A. Kimball, 
William Pickering; Samuel Fletcher 
and Thomas W. Thompson. The 
growth of the town, with such men at 
the head of affairs, was steady and in 
1821 a bill was introduced in the legis- 
lature forming a new county, but the 
measure was killed. At the following 
session, in 1823, the county bill was 
again introduced and this time passed 
with substantial majorities in both 
the house and senate, Merrimack 
County being the name adopted by 



17$ 



The Granite Monthly 



the new county. An incident which 
has since amused the people of this 
city is that Concord's rival for the 
county capital was Hopkinton, which 
at that time had a population of only 
a few hundred less than this city. 
The county jail, however, was not 
removed to this city until 1852. 

The first trial that attracted county- 
wide attention was the Roger E. 
Perkins' will case. It arose from an 
appeal from the probate court and 
some of the most prominent lawyers 
of that day came to Concord to take 
part in the proceedings. Many people 
from the neighboring towns came to 
attend the court but the accommoda- 



1S40 Concord had over fifteen attor- 
neys and in 1855 occurred the crea- 
tion of a new court called the supreme 
judicial court, consisting of a chief 
and four justices, and at one time 
Concord had three judges in that 
court. 

The cornerstone of a new court 
house was laid May 25, 1855, and the 
building lasted to the present gener- 
ation, having been replaced by the 
present count} r building within a com- 
paratively few years. 

As time went on Concord became 
more conspicuous in legal circles and 
the number of men engaged in the 
practice of law became more nuinev- 



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Merrimack County Building 



tions were so limited that the majority 
were forced to remain on the outside 
and hear onh' the reports. The trial 
had been so fully discussed by the 
people that when the day of the pro- 
ceedings came, in January, 1820, the 
throng of people on the streets re- 
minded one of a holiday. Jeremiah 
Mason and Ezekial Webster were the 
attorneys for the executors and were 
opposed by George Sullivan, attorney- 
general, Moody Kent and Richard 
Bartlett. The case resulted in the 
disagreement of the jury. 

The first murder trial held in Con- 
cord was held in June, 1833, and was 
one very similar to that of LaPage 
which occurred forty years later. In 



ous. The present judiciary system 
of the state was established in 1876 
and underwent a radical remodeling 
by the legislature in 1901. This city 
was again honored in the meantime 
by the appointment of William M. 
Chase and Reuben E. Walker to the 
supreme bench. 

Court proceedings, which have 
taken place in this city from time to 
time, have been the center of interest 
throughout the country and have had 
a great influence in the building up of 
the law profession so that today Con- 
cord stands in the foremost ranks, 
and the law firms of this city are rec- 
ognized as being among the most 
prominent in the country. 



The Professional Life of Concord 



179 



Hon". Frank Shehwix Streeter. 
Many Concord lawyers have 
achieved high success in life. Their 
ranks have included congressmen, 
senators, judges and one was ele- 
vated to the highest office within the 
gift of the people of these United 
States — the presidency. Therefore, 
from a comparative standpoint, the 
phrase ''eminently successful'-' must 
stand for something mure substantial 
than usual when it is drawn from the 
storehouse of time-worn, common- 
place and trite expressions, to preface 
the name of a Concord member of 
the New Hampshire bar. The career 
of Gen. Frank Shenvin Streeter, has, 
in truth, been eminently successful. 
No lawyer of today has made for 
himself a more lasting or more credit- 
able impression in the minds of New 
Hampshire citizenry than he; no 
lawyer has done more to further the 
upbuild of municipality and state. 

Mr. Streeter traces his ancestry 
back to Stephen Streeter, a shoe- 
maker of Kent County, England, who 
•came to this country nearly three 
hundred years ago and settled in 
Gloucester, Mass., from which place 
he later removed to Charlestown. 
The first Streeter to settle in New 
Hampshire was Zebulon, five genera- 
tions removed from the original 
settler, Stephen, and he removed from 
Douglas, Mass., where he was born 
in 1739, to Winchester, N. H., in 1770, 
and finally settled in Surry in 1777, 
where he died in 1808. Benjamin 
Streeter, a son of Zebulon, moved 
from Surry to Concord, Vt., in 1782 
and his son, Daniel, born July 24, 
1799, married Mary Jackson, a native 
of Canterbury, N. H. Of this wed- 
lock eight children were born, the 
fourth child, Daniel, being born on 
March 1, 1829. Daniel married Julia 
Wheeler, and, leaving his paternal 
home in Concord, Vt., engaged in 
farming in East Charleston of the 
same state. Here, on August 5, 1853, 
Frank Shenvin Streeter was born. 
His early boyhood was spent in East 
•Charleston and at the a»;e of twelve he 



removed, with his parents, to St. 
Johusbury, where the elder Streeter 
engaged in business. 

The early education of the young 
man was received in the public 
schools of Charleston and St. Johus- 
bury. At the latter place he at- 
tended the academy, from which 
institution he graduated. Having 
fitted himself for college, he entered 
Bates College at Lewiston, Me., in 
1870, and remained one year, trans- 
ferring to Dartmouth in 1871, from 
which college he graduated in 1874. 

It is evident that young Streeter 
had not set his mind on following the 
legal profession during his college 
days, for right after graduation he 
went West and accepted the principal- 
ship of a high school at Ottumwa, 
Iowa. However, teaching did not 
appeal to him and he returned East 
and entered upon the study of law 
in the office of that brilliant attorney 
and able jurist, Alonzo P. Carpenter 
of Bath. His choice was a wise one, 
for Judge Carpenter was a man 
exceptionally well qualified to guide 
the initial steps of a law student, and 
the town, long the home of a keen 
coterie of able lawyers, was fairly 
redolent with a legal atmosphere, his 
share of which the young man could 
not help but absorb. Under such 
favorable circumstances did he read 
law for a period of nearly two years, 
when he was admitted to the Grafton 
Countv bar at Haverhill, in March, 
1877. " 

He immediately began the practice 
of law, which he lias followed con- 
stantly for thirty-eight years, with 
steadily increasing success. It was in 
the town of Orford that he first hung 
out the "shingle" denoting his 
"trade," for thus does he define his 
life work. "No, I didn't immediately 
engage in the duties of my profession, 
as you would have said, but I got 
busy at my trade-— that's what I 
call it — trade," laughed Mr. Streeter 
one morning when speaking of the 
time when he concluded his work as 
a member of the International Joint 






/•; 






HON. FRANK SIIERWLN STREETER 



The Professional Life of Concord 



181 



Commission, and this is but a slight 
indication of the democratic ten- 
dencies of the man. His partner in 
Orford was Charles W. Pierce, Esq., 
and the firm of Pierce tfe Streeter 
existed for a period of some seven or 
eight months, or until Mr. Streeter 
could no longer bear the monotony 
of life in the law office of a small 
country town. He then removed to 
Concord and engaged in a partnership 
with John H. Albin, which continued 
until September, 1879, at which time 
Mr. Streeter effected a partnership 
with William M. Chase. For nearly 
twelve years the partnership con- 
tinued, until the senior member of 
the firm withdrew to accept a com- 
mission as associate justice of the" 
supreme court, in the spring of 1891. 

When Judge Chase withdrew, Reu- 
ben E. Walker and Arthur H. Chase 
associated themselves with Mr. Street- 
er, and for three years, or until 1S94, 
this firm continued under the name 
of Streeter, Walker & Chase. At 
that time Mr. Chase received the 
appointment as state librarian and 
Allen Hollis was admitted to the 
firm in his stead. Seven years later 
Mr. Walker accepted an appointment 
to the supreme bench and, in 1901, 
the firm name became Streeter <fc Hol- 
lis. Fred C. Demond and Edward K. 
Wood worth were admitted to the 
firm in the same year, and in 1910 the 
firm was named Streeter, Hollis, 
Demond & Woodworth. When Mr. 
Hollis withdrew to conduct a business 
of his own, the firm was known as 
Streeter, Demond it Woodworth. 
On July 1, 1911, Frank J. Sulloway 
was admitted as the junior member 
and the firm name was once more 
changed, this time to Streeter, De- 
mond, Woodworth & Sulloway. 

During the entire period these 
law firms, headed by Mr. Streeter, 
have attracted attention in legal 
circles throughout New Hampshire, 
because of their connection with the 
important litigation of the state. 
During these years Mr. Streeter has 
devoted a greater part of his personal 



attention to corporation work, repre- 
senting many of the large interests of 
the state, including the Boston & 
Maine Railroad. For eleven A-ears, 
from June, 1S95, to October 29, 1906, 
he served the latter corporation, 
withdrawing from its services of his 
own volition only after wide differ- 
ences of opinion began to exist be- 
tween himself and the management 
of the railroad in regard to the policy 
of the corporation towards state and 
party matters, in which the road had 
no intimate concern. He felt that 
while he was under obligation to 
serve all legitimate interests of the 
road as its counsel, yet at the same 
time he had the right to exercise his 
own judgment upon all matters of 
public, party or private concern in 
which the railroad had no material 
interest. 

Mr. Streeter has not found himself 
too busy with the affairs of his 
11 trade" to entirely neglect the wel- 
fare of the Republican part}', with 
which he has always been identified 
as a loyal and interested member. For 
years he has served on the Republican 
State Committee and also on the 
Executive Committee of that body as 
the Merrimack County member. In 
189G he was president of the Repub- 
lican State Convention and in 1902, 
as chairman for the Convention 
Committee on Resolutions, prepared 
the platform in which the Republican 
party of this state broke away from 
unconditional prohibition and de- 
clared for a local option license law. 
By reason of his stalwart defense of 
the platform it was adopted and later 
the local option law was passed by the 
legislature. In 1896 he was deie- 
gate-at-large from this state to the 
National Republican Convention at 
Chicago and was selected as the New 
Hampshire member of the Republican 
National Committee in 1904. which 
position he held for four years. In 
1885 Mr. Streeter served a term in 
the legislature as representative from 
Ward Four, and was an active mem- 
ber of the Judiciary Committee. He 



182 



The Granite Monthly 



was elected to preside over the Con- 
stitutional Convention of 1902, per- 
forming the duties of the responsible 
position with the great est' acumen and 
tact. He served as judge advocate- 
-general on the staff of Gov. Charles 
A. Busiel, there acquiring his military 
title. 

Since his graduation from Dart- 
mouth in 1S74, Mr. Street er has 
always evinced the deepest interest 
In his alma mater, being one of the 
first to promulgate the need of an 
alumni representative on the govern- 
ing board of the college. Probably it 
was for this reason that he was 
-elected a trustee of the institution in 
1892, and, soon after reelection in 
1897, was made a life member of the 
"board at the request of former Presi- 
dent Tucker. Mr. Streeter has served 
for years as chairman of the Trustees 
Committee on Buildings and Im- 
provements, thus coming in direct 
-contact with the tremendous growth 
of the physical equipment of the 
-college at Hanover. 

Probably one of the most famous 
litigations with which Mr. Streeter 
was connected grew out of the cele- 
brated suit in equity instituted by 
those who alleged themselves to be 
her "next friends" for the purpose of 
determining the capacity of Mary 
"Baker G. Eddy, discoverer and founder 
of Christian Science, to manage her 
own affairs. As personal counsel for 
Mrs. Eddy and later, following her 
death, as counsel for the estate, Mr. 
Streeter lived up in every way to the 
excellent reputation he had already 
achieved as an astute and brilliant 
attorney, gaining additional laurels 
because of the competent manner in 
which he handled the several com- 
plicated phases of that legal struggle 
on which the eyes of nearly all the 
civilized world were focused. 

In 1911 President William H. Taft 
appointed Mr. Streeter a member of 
-the International Joint Commission. 
He was active in his duties as com- 
missioner, but the most extensive 
■work which he performed was as 



United States member of the com- 
mittee to investigate the pollution 
of the boundary waters between the 
United States and Canada, and to 
recommend a remedy. For nine 
months he was engaged in the work, 
especially with reference to the pollu- 
tion of the waters of the Niagara 
River, An extensive report was made 
on this subject, which was adopted in 
full by the commission and reported 
to Congress. In August, 1913, at the 
request of Secretary of State Bryan, 
Mr. Streeter resigned to enable a 
Democrat to be appointed in his 
stead. Since his retirement from 
the commission, Mr. Streeter has been 
actively engaged in his "trade." 

In both physical and mental make- 
up, Frank Streeter is a big man. In 
his work he is aggressive and resolute, 
yet, as has often been said, he fights 
in the open and on the level. His 
long experience in dealing with men 
has enabled him to size up human 
nature at almost a glance, a faculty 
that but few men possess. He is 
energetic and tireless, and has a keen 
sense of humor and is democratic in 
spirit to a degree that is as refreshing 
as it is uncommon among men of his 
profession. Mr. Streeter is a master 
of the English language and his pub- 
lished sketches of the lives and char- 
acter of Bismarck, Cecil Rhodes and 
John Paul Jones are the products of 
none but a finished scholar. Perhaps 
one of the most distinguishing char- 
acteristics of the man is his unfailing 
pleasant disposition which has gained 
for him the honorable title of ''good 
fellow." He is affable and kind, 
making and keeping a host of friends. 

Mr. Streeter has for the past 
twelve years been president of the 
Wonolancet Club; is a member of the 
Snowshoe Club, the Union and Algon- 
quin clubs of Boston, the Derryfield 
Club of Manchester and the Metropol- 
itan, Cosmos, University and Chevy 
Chase Clubs of Washington. Ffe is 
a member of the White Mountain 
Lodge, I. O. O. F., and of Eureka 
Lodge, A. F. A. M. He holds mem- 



The Professional Life of Concord 



1S3 



bership in chapter, council and com- 
mandery and is a Scottish Rite Mason 
of the 32d degree,, as well as a member 
of Bektash Temple, Nobles of the 
Mystic Shrine. He attends the Uni- 
tarian Church. 

Mr. Streeter married Lilian Car- 
penter, daughter of Hon. Alonzo P. 
and Julia (Goodall) Carpenter of 
Bath, on November 14, 1877, and 
they have two children, Julia, born 
September 8, 1878, and Thomas W., 



19, 1873. His earl}' education was 
received in the grammar and high 
schools of Concord. After graduating 
from Dartmouth in 1896 he attended 
the Harvard Law School for two 
years and, returning to this city, was 
admitted to the bar in June, 1899. 
In 1900, Mr. Couch was admitted to 
the firm of Leach & Stevens as a 
junior partner. Mr. Leach has since 
withdrawn from the firm and Mr. 
William L. Stevens has been ad- 



11 



Sienjamin W. Couc't 



born July 20, 1883. The Streeter 
home on Main Street is an extensive 
estate with a large dwelling house of 
Colonial design; another building 
which will go down in history as 
"The Barn," where Mr. Streeter has 
fitted up a beautiful library and den, 
a garage, and well-kept lawns and 
beautiful gardens. — J. W. T. 

Benjamin W. Couch 
Benjamin W. Couch, one of the 
ablest of Concord's younger attor- 
neys, was born in this city on August 



mitted, the firm name now being 
Stevens, Couch & Stevens. 

Mr-. Couch, despite an extensive 
law practice, has found opportunity 
to serve both the city and state in 
several important capacities. He has 
been a member of the Concord Police 
Commission, associate justice of the 
local Police Court, a trustee of the 
New Hampshire State Hospital and 
president of the City Council under 
the old charter. Since 1911 the 
Republican voters of Ward Five have 
returned him to ti\Q legislature and 



\n] 




JLDGE JAMES WALDRGN REMICK 



The Professional Life of Concord 



185 



at each session be has held the impor- 
tant post of chairman of the Judiciary 
Committee. Gov. Samuel D. Felker 
appointed him minority party member 
of the State Board of Control in 1913. 
A brilliant speaker and clear thinker, 
Mr. Couch is well termed a ''legisla- 
tive leader." 

In 1900 Mr. Couch married Ger- 
trude A. Underbill. He is affiliated 
with the Wonolaneet, Passaconaway, 
Beaver Meadow and Bow Brook 
clubs, is a Mason and member of the 
Unitarian Church. At the present 
time he holds several important 
business positions, being treasurer of 
the Concord Gas Light Company, 
trustee of the Merrimack County 
Savings Bank and auditor of the 
Manufacturers and Merchants Fire 
Insurance Company. 

Judge James Waldron Remick 
Among the able members of the 
legal profession in this city. Judge 
James W. Remick is one of the most 
prominent. He is the son of Samuel 
K. and Sophia (Cusbman) Remick, 
born October 30, 1SG0, and was edu- 
cated in the common schools of St. 
Johnsbury, Yt., and Colebrook, N. H. 
He began the study of law with James 
I. Parsons of Colebrook, later asso- 
ciating with B. F. Chapman of Clock- 
ville, N. Y., and Bingham & Aldrich 
of Littleton, this state. In 1880 he 
entered the law department of the 
University of Michigan at Ann Arbor, 
graduating in 1882, and was admitted 
to the New Hampshire bar in the 
same year. He opened an office in 
Colebrook and practised there for 
two years, in 1885 forming a partner- 
ship with Ossian Ray of Lancaster 
and in 1889 be became associated with 
his brother, Daniel C. Remich in 
Littleton. At the age of twenty- 
"eight Judge Remick was appointed 
district attorney for Xew Hampshire, 
being the youngest man ever to hold 
such an important position. In Lit- 
tleton he was held in high esteem by 
all, having been a member of the 
board of health in 1887-88-89, the 



board of education from 1SS9 to 
1901, serving the board as its presi- 
dent during the last six years. Fie 
was appointed a justice on the Su- 
preme Bench in 1901 and since then 
has made his residence in Concord. 
In 190-i he resigned from the bench 
and resumed his practice of lav: in 
the firm of Sargent, Remick & Niles, 
later forming a partnership with Henry 
F. Hollis, which was dissolved in 1911, 
in which year he became associated 
with Robert Jackson in the present 
firm of Remick & Jackson, one of the 
most prominent law firms of the state. 

George Moore Fletcher 
The Capital City of New Hamp- 
shire has been very fortunate to 
count among her citizenry, Judge 
George M. Fletcher, the son of George 
W. and Hannah R. (Avery) Fletcher, 
who was born at Rumney, December 
19, 1852. He was educated in the 
common schools of that place and the 
Xew London Literary and Scientific 
Institution. At the age of twenty- 
one he formed a partnership with his 
father in the manufacture of gloves, 
which continued five years, then 
entering the office of Hon. Evarts W. 
Farr of Littleton, who that year was 
elected to Congress, and there Mr. 
Fletcher began his study of law. 
After spending a year in that office 
he went to Ann Arbor, and entered 
the law department of the Luiiversity 
of Michigan, where he spent two years 
graduating in March, 1881, with the 
degree of LL.B. The six months 
following were spent in the office of 
Frederick Hooker of Minneapolis, 
Minn., after which he devoted some 
few weeks visiting in North Dakota. 
Returning to Concord, Mr. Fletcher 
entered the office of the late Judge 
Mitchell, who was then a member of 
the firm of Bingham & Mitchell, and 
in March, 1883, he was admitted to 
the Xew Hampshire bar, having since 
been in practice in this city. In 
politics the judge is a Republican and 
represented Ward Four in the General 
Court in 1889-91; was county soiici- 



. 



i 



•■■■■■ 

/ : 



• 



'L- >-.•■- ■ .■:■ j . .. 



' -. - ' _':'' 



HON. HENRY W. STEVENS 



The Professional Life of Concord 



is: 



tor. 1897-1901; judge oi the Concord 
Police Court, 1902-18; and is at 

present clerk of the Superior Court. 
Judge Fletcher is a member of the 
Unitarian Church and his fraternal 
affiliations include the Blazing Star 
Lodge, Ancient Free and Accepted 
Masons. 

On January 19, 1S75, he married 
Addie C. Spaulding, daughter of 
George C. and Annette J. Spaulding. 

Hon. Henry Webster Stevens 
A prominent lawyer and business 
man of the Capital City is the Hon. 
Henry Webster Stevens, son of the 
late ex-Mayor Lyman D. Stevens and 
Aehsah Pollard (French; Stevens, the 
latter born in Concord, September 
26, 1822. Mr. Stevens was born in 
Concord March 5, 1S53, and was 
educated in the public schools of 
Concord, at Phillips Andover Acad- 
emy and at Dartmouth College, 
graduating from the latter institution 
in 1875. He at once began the study 
of law in his father's office and, later, 
entered the Boston University Law 
School, from which institution he 
received the degree of LL.B. He was 
admitted to the New Hampshire bar 
in January, 1878; and immediately 
formed a law partnership with his 
father. In June, 1S79, Mr. Stevens 
formed a partnership with Edward 
G. Leach of Franklin which was con- 
tinued until 1900. when Benjamin W. 
Couch was admitted to the firm. Mr. 
Leach retired from the firm a few 
years later, and in January, 1915, 
Mr. Stevens' brother, William L. 
Stevens, became the junior member 
of the present firm of Stevens, Couch 
& Stevens. It is interesting to note 
at this particular time that the office 
now occupied by the above-named 
firm has been used continuously since 
1847 by Lyman D. Stevens and the 
succeeding law firms. 

In politics Mr. Stevens has always 
been a faithful and earnest Republi- 
can. In 1885-86 he was chosen city 
solicitor (a position previously held by 
his father in 1855-56). In' 1887 he 



was elected from Ward Five as a repre- 
sentative to the General Court and 
in 189-1 served as alderman from the 
same ward. In 1901 he represented 
District No. 10 in the State Senate, 
serving as chairman of the Committee 
on Banks and as a member of the 
Judiciary and Revision of Laws com- 
mittees. He has been a trustee of 
the public library and served as 
trustee and president of the Margaret 
Pillsbury General Hospital. At pres- 
ent Mr. Stevens is vice-president of 
the Mechanicks National Bank, the 
Merrimack County Savings Bank of 
Concord, a director of the Board of 
Trade Building Company and of the 
Concord Light & Power Company. 

He is a member of the Wonolancet 
Club of Concord and the University 
clubs of Boston and Xew York. 

On October 27, 1881, he was mar- 
ried to Fllen Tuck Nelson, second 
daughter of William R. Nelson and 
Abbv Elizabeth Tuck, of PeekskilL 
N. Y. 

Allen Hollis 

Allen Hollis, a leading member of 
the New Hampshire bar, and widely 
known as an authority in public 
utility matters, was born in West 
Concord, N. II., December 20, 1871, 
the son of Major Abijah and the late 
Harriett Van Mater (French) Hollis. 
His education was gained in the 
public schools of Concord, graduating 
from the high school in the class of 
1889; in the law office of Chase & 
Streeter (Judge William M. Chase 
and General Frank S. Streeter); and 
at the Harvard Law School. In 1906 
Dartmouth College conferred upon 
him the honorary degree of Master 
of Arts. 

Mr. Hollis was admitted to the 
New Hampshire bar in 1893 and since 
that date has been engaged constantly 
in the general practice of law in this 
city, with offices in State Block. He 
served as special counsel for the state 
of New Hampshire in the railrpad 
rate investigation before the Public 
Service Commission in 1911-12, and 



• 



I 



I ** 






ALLEN HOLLIS 



The Professional Life of Concord 



189 



•as counsel for the special rate com- 
mittee of the New Hampshire legis- 
lature of 1913; ami was associated 
with the attorney-general of the state 
in the Grand trunk Railroad tax 
appeal case before the Supreme Court 
in 1912. 

Mr. Hollis is extensively interested 
in public utilities — gas, electric, tele- 
phone and street railway companies. 
In 1901 he reorganized the properties 
now owned by the Concord Electric . 
Company, of which corporation he 
has been the president since 1904. 
He is president, also, of the Exeter, 
Hampton & Amesbury Street Rail- 
way, of the Exeter oc Hampton Elec- 
tric Company and of the White 
Mountain Telephone & Telegraph 
Company; vice-president of the La- 
conia Gas & Electric Company and 
of the Exeter Railway & Lighting- 
Company; a director of Charles H. 
Tenney & Company (public utility 
operating engineers), in the Concord 
Shoe Factory and in other business 
corporations; secretary and director of 
the United Life and Accident Insur- 
ance Company; trustee of the North 
Boston Lighting Properties, etc. For 
fifteen years clerk of the Union Trust 
Company, Concord, he resigned that 
position to accept the appointment as 
director (Class C) in the Federal 
Reserve Bank of Boston. 

Mr. Hollis was a member of the 
House of Representatives in the New 
Hampshire legislature of 1907 and 
1909 from Ward Four, Concord, serv- 
ing with distinction upon the impor- 
tant Judiciary Committee at each 
-session. In 1908 he was assistant 
secretary of the Republican National 
Convention; and he has been the 
moderator of his ward since 1910. 

Fond of out-of-door life and sports, 
Mr. Hollis has been active in forestry 
and conservation movements and has 
done valuable public service on those 
lines. He has been secretary of the 
New Hampshire Forestry Society 
since 1907 and is a member of the 
American Forestry Association and 
National Conservation Association; 



a director of the Connecticut Valley 
Waterways Association; secretary and 
treasurer of the Squam Lake Improve- 
ment Association; vice-president of 
the New Hampshire Fish and Game 
League and of the Lake Sunapee 
Fishing Association. 

His clubs are the Wonolancet, Snow- 
shoe, Canoe and Beaver Meadow 
Golf, of Concord, the Harvard and 
Exchange, of Boston. He is a Mason, 
of Eureka Lodge and Royal Arch 
Chapter of Concord, and attends the 
South Congregational Church in this 
city. 

Mr. Hollis married, November 10, 
1897, Amoret Nichoson of Dubuque, 
Iowa, and their children are Allen, Jr. 
born Februarv 1, 1900, and Franklin, 
born March 26, 1904. 

Joseph S. Matthews 
In the legal circles of this state a 
prominent position has been attained 
by Joseph S. Mat thews, assistant 
attorney-general. He is a native of 
Franklin, where he was born Decem- 
ber 21, 1861, the son of George B. 
and Emily (Howard) Matthews. He 
was educated in the Franklin High 
School, from which lie graduated in 
1879, and at Dartmouth College, 
where he received the degree of A. B. 
with the class of 1884. He was ad- 
mitted to the bar in 1891, began the 
practice at law in this city and early 
in his career had built up a large and 
successful practice. 

He married, December 10, 1890, 
Clara Helen Webster, daughter of 
John F. and Mary (Cutting) Webster, 
of Concord. They have two children, 
Emily Webster, born August 27, 1892, 
and Jane Webster. May 23, 1896. 

Aside from his law practice, Mr. 
Matthews lias found time to devote 
to the affairs of the city and state. 
He is a Republican in politics and has 
been twice elected^ to the board of 
aldermen. In 1907 he represented 
Ward Four of this city in the general 
court, and his work as chairman of 
the Ways and Means Committee will 
long be remembered. In that capacity 









.... 



JOSEPH S. MATTHEWS 



The Professional Life of Concord 



191 



be was confronted with many difficult 
problems, but his knowledge of the 

subject' of taxation, acquired from 
special study, proved invaluable in 
both committee work and on the floor 
of the house. One of the bills reported 
by this committee was the act pro- 
viding for the appointment of a com- 
mission to investigate the entire sys- 
tem of taxation in this state and 
report recommendations to the legis- 
lature of 1909. 



Bank, treasurer of the trustees of the 
Protestant Episcopal Church in New 
Hampshire, a member of St. Paul's 
Church and of the Wonolancet Club. 

Edward C. Niles 
Since its organization in 1911, the 
New Hampshire Public Service Com- 
mission which succeeded the Railroad 
Commission, has been very fortunate 
to retain as its chairman, Edward^C. 
Niles, who, though not of Concord 









Edward C. Nilec 



From 1906 until 1913 he was special 
attorney for the state in all litigation 
growing out of the inheritance tax, 
and assisted the state treasurer in its 
collection. He then returned for a 
time to the general practice of law 
and was appointed assistant attorney- 
general in April of this year and as- 
sumed his duties on the first of May. 

Mr. Matthews was a non-coin- 
missioned officer of the staff of Col. 
True Sanborn in the New Hampshire 
National Guard, and is now a trustee 
of the Merrimack County Savings 



birth, has been a resident of the Capital 
City for many years. He was born 
at Hartford, Conn., and is the son 
of the late Rt. Rev. W. W. Niles, second 
bishop of the Episcopal Diocese of New 
Hampshire, and Bertha (Olmstead) 
Niles. From 1879 to 1883 he attended 
St. Paul's School, later entering 
Trinity College, Hartford, where he 
graduated with the degree of A. B., 
1887. He was classical master at 
the Holderness School, Plymouth, 
from 1887 until 1889, at which time 
he became interested in the study of 









■ 



HON. A. CHESTER CLARK 
Judge, Concord Municipal Court 



The Professional Life of Concord 



193 



law and entered the Harvard Law 
School, graduating with the degree of 
LL. B. in 1892. As t lie junior partner 
in the firm of Daley, Goss & Niles 
at Berlin, Mr. Niles began his career 
as an attorney, and, two years later, 
in 1894, he opened an office in the 
same city, practising alone until 189G. 

Removing to Concord during that 
year he became associated with the 
late Harry Sargent and Henry F. 
Hollis in the firm of Sargent, Hollis 
& Niles. During the next few years 
Mr. Niles was a member of several of 
the most prominent law firms of the 
city and, in 1908, he became associated 
with Robert W. Upton *n the firm of 
Niles & Upton, the latter firm having 
been dissolved January 1, 1914. 

In politics Mr. Niles is a Republican 
and has served both the city and state 
at various times. He was a member 
of the constitutional convention of 
1902, has been a member of the com- 
mon council, board of aldermen, and 
was also a member of the committee 
appointed to revise the City Charter 
in 1908. In the same year he was 
counsel on the constitutional and 
federal questions of the State Tax 
Revision Commission. When the 
Public Service Commission was organ- 
ized by the Bass administration to 
replace the old Railroad Commission 
in 1911, he was appointed chairman of 
that organization and has since been 
continued. He is prominently identi- 
fied in educational circles, and is presi- 
dent of the Board of Education. 

He is a member of the standing 
committee of the Protestant Episcopal 
Church, diocese of New Hampshire, 
of the Diocesan Convention and was 
a member of the General Convention 
of that church from 1904 to 1913. 
He is a Mason and his other fra- 
ternal affiliations include the Wono- 
lancet and Passaconoway clubs, New 
Hampshire Bar Association, Phi Beta 
Kappa, Psi Upsilon and Phi Delta Phi 
fraternities. July 12, 1893, Mr. Niles 
married Ethel Abbe, of Newport News, 
Va., who died October 10, 1910. He 
has three children. 



A. Chester Clark 

Judge Allan Chester Clark, of the 
Concord Municipal Court, was born 
on the Clark homestead at Center 
Harbor on July 4, 1877. During his 
early youth he attended the country 
schools of his home town, and, unable 
to gratify his desire for a higher edu- 
cation in Center Harbor, he went to 
Meredith, where he entered the high 
school, doing odd jobs of work in the 
stores of the town and in the printing 
office in order to make money enough 
to support himself. He graduated 
from this school and later from 
the New Hampton Literary Institu- 
tion. In 1901, there came a break in 
his schooling. for Clarence E. Burleigh, 
managing editor of the Daily Kenne- 
bec Journal, offered him a position on 
the city staff of the publication, which 
he accepted. He remained at Augusta 
until the fall of 1902, when he entered 
Dartmouth College, from which insti- 
tution he was obliged to withdraw in 
his sophomore year for financial rea- 
sons. 

From that time until he came to 
Concord, in the winter of 1905, he 
conducted a real estate business in 
Meredith, and as a side issue, studied 
law with Bertram Blaisdelt. The 
business venture did not prove profit- 
able, so Mr. Clark turned his hand to 
the newspaper field in Concord, at the 
same time continuing his study of the 
law in the offices of Gen. John H. 
Albin and Joseph A. Donigan. On 
June 27, 1913, he was admitted to the 
bar and six weeks after that time was 
appointed by Gov. Samuel D. Felker 
to be justice of the Concord District 
Court. At the time of his appoint- 
ment he was serving as clerk of the 
District Court, under Associate Jus- 
tice Willis G. Buxton. Since his 
admission to the bar, Judge Clark has 
been devoting his energies exclusively 
to his duties on the bench, and the 
practice of his profession in the State 
and Federal courts. 

The highly successful manner in 
which Judge Clark administered the 
affairs of the District Court during the 



194 



The Granite Monthly 



Feiker administration led to his reap- 
pointment by Gov. Holland H. Spaniel- 
ing, when the latter official announced 
the justices after the reorganization 
of the police court system. 

He was a member of the Constitu- 
tional Convention of 1902 while a 
student at Dartmouth and hi 1912 
was secretary of the same body and the 
only Democrat in the organization. 



city. In fraternal circles he belongs 
to Chocorua Lodge, A. F. & A. M., of 
Meredith; to Concord Lodge, Knights 
of Pythias; Augusta Young Temple, 
Pythian Sisterhood, and Capital 
Grange. In the Knights of Pythias 
he is a past chancellor of Concord 
Lodge and a past deputy grand chan- 
cellor of the Grand Lodge. He is also 
a member of the Sons of the American 



f 

< 9 



I 






David F. Dudley 



Judge Clark is a member of the 
American Institute of Criminal Law 
and Criminology and of the New 
Hampshire Bar Association, among 
those identified with his profession. 
He still retains his association with his 
former fellow-craftsman in the jour- 
nalistic field by membership in the 
New Hampshire Press Association, 
and is a member of the Wonolancet, 
the Temple, the Unitarian and Beaver 
Meadow Golf, social clubs in his home 



Revolution and the New Hampshire 
Historical Society, and a director in 
the Concord Board of Trade. 

David F. Dudley 

In the legal circles of the Capital 
City, few are better known than 
David F. Dudley, fourth and only 
surviving son of Matthew F. and 
Patience A. (Hutchins) Dudley, who 
was born October 17, 1857, in' China, 
Me., and was educated in the public 



The Professional Life of Concord 



195 



schools and in Pembroke Academy. 
Before entering the academy he 
taught school for one year at Epsom 
(this state) and after graduation, in 
1S79, he taught in Deerfield. Mr. 
Dudley then took up the study of 
law in the office of Leach & Stevens 
and was admitted to the bar in 1883, 
since when he has been in continuous 
practice in Concord. 

In politics he is a Republican and 
has been elected to various offices on 
the party ticket, having been a mem- 
ber of the common council and the 
board of aldermen, was county solici- 
tor in 1900-04 and a delegate to the 
Constitutional Convention in 1903. 
He is a Mason, an Odd Fellow and a 
member of the Grange. Mr. Dudley 
was married in 1S79 to Blanche L. 
fowler. 

William A. Foster 
William A. Foster, son of George 
A. and Georgia (Lacld) Foster, was 
born in Concord, Februarv 3, 1872. 



!r""' •' 



i 



A 



William A. Foster 



His education was received in the 
public schools of this city, Dartmouth 
College, from which he graduated in 



1895, and the Harvard Law School, 
where he received his degree in 1S98. 
He at once entered the office of the 
late Judge Mitchell; and later became 
the junior partner in the firm of 
Mitchell & Foster, and since the 
appointment of Judge Mitchell to 
the bench in 1910, Mr. Foster has 
continued practice with Harry F. 
Lake, under the firm name of Foster 
& Lake. 

He is a member of the Wonolaneet 
Club, Bow Brook Club, and the Bea- 
ver Meadow Golf Club. 

Fred Clarence Demond 

New Hampshire's Capital City has 
proven attractive to many a young 
man from the surrounding towns, or 
even states, one of whom is Fred 
Clarence Demond, who came to Con- 
cord in 1895 and has since been con- 
nected with the office of Streeter, 
Walker & Hollis, and succeeding 
firms, at the present time being prom- 
inently connected with the firm of 
Streeter, Demond, Woodworth & 
Sulloway. 

Mr. Demond was born in Freeport, 
Me,, November 13, 1875, the son of 
George Nelson and Mary Emeline 
(Field) Demond. He was educated 
in the common schools and is also a 
graduate of the high school of Free- 
port, Me. After living at Gorham a 
few years, Mr. Demond came to this 
city "in 1895 to study law. In 1899 
lie was admitted to the New Hamp- 
shire bar and has been practising 
law in this city since. Mr. Demond, 
despite the activities of his profession, 
has found opportunity to be of serv- 
ice to the city, being a member of 
the Common Council in 1903-04 and 
a member of the Board of Aldermen 
in 1905-06. He also served on the 
committee to revise the city charter 
in 1908. 

Mr. Demond was married January 
16, 1906, to Mary Peabody Adams of 
Gorham, this state. He resides at 
112 School Street. 

He is a Republican in politics and 
is a member of the American Bar 



196 



The Granite Monthly 



Association, New Hampshire His- 
torical Society, Wonolancet Club, and 
has been a member of the New Hamp- 




Fred C. Demond 

shire Board of Bar Examiners since 
1913. 

Edward Knowlton Woodworth 
Although many Concord men have 
devoted themselves to the profession 
of law, few have been more successful 
than Edward K. Woodworth, a part- 
ner in the firm of Streeter, Demond, 
Woodworth & Sulloway. Mr. Wood- 
worth is the son of Albert Bingham 
and Mary A. (Parker) Woodworth 
and was born in this city August 25, 
1875. He was educated in the public 
schools of Concord, graduating from 
Concord High School with the class 
of 1893. In the fall of the same year 
he entered Dartmouth College, grad- 
uating in 1897 with the degree of 
Litt.B. His study of law was con- 
tinued at the Harvard Law School, 
where, in June, 1900, he received the 
degree of LL.B. (cum laude).. He was 
admitted to the Massachusetts bar- 
in the same year and began his prac- 
tice of law in the office of Matthews 
& Thompson of Boston, still later 



entering the office of Lincoln <fc Badger 
of the same city. In 1901 Mr. Wood- 
worth returned to Concord' and be- 
came associated with the firm of 
Streeter <k Hollis, which later became 
Streeter, Hollis, Demond & Wood- 
worth. L T pon the retirement of Mr. 
Hollis from the firm in 1911, Frank J. 
Sulloway became the junior member 
of the present firm of Streeter r 
Demond, Woodworth & Sulloway. 

In politics Mr. Woodworth is a 
Republican and represented Ward 
Five in the city council from 1907 to 
1911, the last two years serving as 
president of that body. He is also 
well known in business circles, being 
president of the wholesale house of 
Woodworth & Company, vice-presi- 
dent of the Parker- Young Company 
of Lisbon and the Woodstock Lumber 
Company. He is a trustee of the 
Margaret Pillsbury General Hospital 
and also of St. Mary's School, and is 
president of the Concord Oratorio 
Society. 






Edward Knowlton Woodworth 

He is a member of the Knights 
Templar, Mystic Shrine, Wonoianqet 
Club, Bow Brook Club, Intervale 
Country Club of Manchester and the 



The Professional Life of Concord 



19; 



Beaver Meadow Go'ii Club, having 
served the latter club as president for 
six years, 1909 to 1915: Mr. Wood- 
worth is an Episcopalian, a vestry- 
man of St. Paul's Church, and is 
secretary of the standing committee 
of the diocese of New Hampshire. 

Mr. Woodworth was married on 
June 25, 1903, to Clara Farwell Holt 
and has three children, Constance, 
Elizabeth and Margaret. 

Frank Jones Sulloway 
The junior member of the firm of 
Streeter, Demond, Woodworth & 



!rvT*"'"* ; ^-rriy^? 1 .*^-- 



i 






Frank J. Sulloway 

Sulloway is Frank J. Sulloway, son of 
Hon. Alvah W. and Susan K. (Daniell) 
Sulloway, born in Franklin, December 
11, 1883. He was educated in the 
Franklin public schools, St. Paul's 
School of Concord, and graduated 
from Harvard College in 1905 with 
the degree of A.B., and Harvard Law 
School in 1907 with the degree 
of LL.B. Admitted to the Massa- 
chusetts bar in 1906, he prac- 
tised law with the firm of Hill, Barlow 
& Homans in Boston until 1911, when 
he was admitted to the New Hamp- 



shire bar and became a member of the 
firm on which he still continues. 

Mr. Sulloway was married Septem- 
ber 24, 1913, to Margaret Thayer, 
and has one child, Gretchen, born 
October 10, 1914. He is a member 
of the Bow Brook Club, Wonolancet 
Club, Beaver Meadow Golf Club, 
Intervale Country Club of Manches- 
ter, Harvard Club of Boston, Bos- 
ton Athletic Association, Longwood 
Cricket Club of Brookline, and the 
Portsmouth County Club of Ports- 
mouth. He is a Unitarian, in politics 
a Republican and is also a member of 
the Ballot Law Commission. He is a 
direct descendant, and his daughter, 
Gretchen, the youngest living descend- 
ant, of Ebene^er Eastman, first settler 
of Concord. 

Robert Upton 

A well known member of the New 

Hampshire bar is Robert W. Upton, 

born Feb. 3, 1884. He was educated 

at the Boston University Law School, 



Robert Upton 

graduating in 1907 with the degree of 
LL.B. (magna cum laude), and was 
admitted to the Massachusetts bar 



198 



The Granite Monthly 



on" February 15 and the New Hamp- 
shire bar in July of the same year. 
Mr. Upton has been a member of the 
firms of Sargent, Niles & Upton and 
Niles & Upton, the latter firm having 
been dissolved January 1, 1914. He 
represented Bow in the State Legis- 
lature of 1911 and served on the Ways 
and Cleans and the Judiciary com- 
mittees. 

He is a member of White Mountain 
Lodge, I. O. 0. F.; Bow Grange, P. of 
H.; and the Wonolancet Club. Mr. 
Upton married Martha G. Burroughs 
September 18, 1912, and has one child, 
Richard F. 

Robert C. Murchie 
Though still young in point of age 
and practice. Robert C. Murchie is 






from the law department of the Univer- 
sity of Michigan at Ann Arbor. Re- 
turning to Concord he was admitted to 
the New Hampshire bar and immedi- 
ately entered the office of Senator 
Henry F. Hollis, later, in 1911, being 
made a partner in the firm of Remick 
& Hollis. Upon the dissolution of 
that firm in 1912, Mr. Murchie became 
a member of the firm of Hollis & 
Murchie. In 1912 he was elected 
countv solicitor and was reelected in 
1914. 

While at Ann Arbor he was elected 
a member of the Barristers Club and he 
is also a member of the Concord Elks, 
Red Men, Beaver Meadow Golf Club 
and the Concord Canoe Club. 

Alexander Murchie 
Well known to Concord people is 
Alexander Murchie, son of William 
and Agnes J. (Kellie) Murchie, born 
in Scotland March 1, 1SS7. He came 
to this country with his parents in 
1SSS, and received his early education 
in the public schools of Concord, 



•■ * 



Robert C. Murchie 

today one of Concord's foremost 
lawyers. He is the son of William 
and Agnes J. (Kellie) Murchie and 
was born January 22, 18S5, in Scot- 
land. His parents came to Concord 
in 1888 and Mr. Murchie attended the 
public schools of this city, being a 
graduate of the Concord High School 
In 1909 he received the degree of LL.B. 



iik--. 






.T*', \ 



Alexander Murchie 



graduating from Concord High School 
in the class of 1906. Mr. Murchie 



The Professional Life of Concord 



199 



then studied at the University of 
Michigan Law School for the years 
of 1906-07 and '1907-08. He 'com- 
pleted his studies in the office of 
Henry F. Hollis and was admitted 
to the New Hampshire bar in June, 
1909. Two years later, July 20, 1911, 
Mr. Murchie was elected city solicitor 
of Concord, and still serves the city 
in that capacity to the complete satis- 
faction of all its citizens. He is a 
member of the firm of Hollis Sz 
Murchie, with offices at the corner of 
Capital and State streets. 

Harry F. Lake 
Mr. Lake was born in Pembroke, 
N. H., November 28, 1876. the son of 
Moses R. and Mary J. (Batchelder) 
Lake. He was educated in the dis- 
trict schools of Pembroke and Pem- 
broke Academy, graduating in the 
class of 1894. He then taught school 
one year. Entering Middlebury (Vt.) 
College, he graduated with the class 
of 1899, taught school two years and 
then took up the study of law in 



admitted to the bar in 1904 and be- 
came immediately associated with 
Mitchell & Foster, attorneys. In 
1906 Mr. Lake became a partner, 
under the firm name of Mitchell. 
Foster & Lake, continuing until 1910. 
when Mr. Mitchell withdrew from the 
firm to become associate justice of 
the Superior Court; since when he 
has been in the general practice of 
the law, with William A. Foster, 
under the firm' name of Foster & 
Lake. 

George V. Hill 
George V. Hill, Esq., came to Con- 
cord thirteen years ago to serve as 



/**** 






the 

and 



Harry F. Lake 

office of Hon. John M. Mitchell, 
at Boston University. He was 



i 




George V. Hill 

city editor of the Concord Monitor 
during the constitutional convention 
and session of the legislature of 1902- 
03. Four years later he was admitted 
to the Xew Hampshire bar, and has 
since been in active practice of law 
in the State Capital Bank Building. 
Mr. Hill was born in Deerfield in 
this state, November 3, 1875, and 
was educated at the Haverhill (Mass.) 
High School, Phillips Andover Acad- 
emy, and Dartmouth College, not 
graduating from the latter. His 



200 



The Granite Monthly 



activities since leaving college, to 
enlist as a private in the Eighth 
Massachusetts Volunteers, the day 
war was declared against Spain in 
1898, have covered a. broad field of 
endeavor. He represented the Bos- 
ton Globe while serving as an enlisted 
man in the army of occupation in 
Cuba, and, after the war, was with 
the Globe in Boston. Later he was 
on the staff of the Haverhill (Mass.) 
Gazette, and for nine'yearb, with the 
exception of six months with the 
Concord Monitor, was connected with 
the Manchester Union in some capac- 
ity. Mr. Hill continued to manage 
the Concord bureau of the Union 
two years after he began the practice 
of law, and still exercises an active 
membership, in the New Hampshire 
Press Association. He organized the 
present Publishing Company of the 
New Hampshire Patriot in 1910 and 
retains an interest in that concern. 

In social and fraternal circles Mr. 
Hill has a wide affiliation. The 
United Spanish War Veterans re- 
ceive his first attention, and he is 
also a member of the Sons of the 
American Revolution, and of the 
Colonial Wars, is a Mason, an Elk, 
a member of the Grange, and other 
fraternal organizations, the Wono- 
lancet Club and several athletic and 
country clubs. 

In politics Mr. Hill ha.^ always been 
a Republican without any of the 
popular frills. Pie is married and has 
two children. 

William Lyman Stevens 
A Concord man well known in law 
circles is William L. Stevens, youngest 
son of the late Hon. Lyman D. 
Stevens. He was born in this city 
April 5, 1880, and was educated in 
the public schools, Phillips Andover 
Academy and Dartmouth College, 
graduating from the latter institution 
in 1903 with the degree of A.B. To 
further his study of law Mr. Stevens 
then entered the Harvard Law School 
and, in 190G, the degree of LL.B. was 
conferred upon him. In December 



of the same year he was admitted to 
the New Hampshire bar and, on 
January 1, 1907, entered the office of 
Leach, Stevens & Couch. A few 
years later Mr. Leach retired from the 
firm and January 1, 1915, Mr. Stevens 
became the junior member of the 
firm of Stevens, Couch <k Stevens. 

He is a member of the Psi Upsilon 
Fraternity, Casque and Gauntlet 
Society, Wonolancet Club and the 
Beaver Meadow Golf Club. October 
2,1 1914, Mr. Stevens was married 



r 



ifcL 



William L. Stevens 



to Miss Marion Barrows Adams of 
Dorchester, Mass. In politics he is a 
Republican. 

Robert Jackson 
Among Concord's younger attor- 
neys who have made a creditable rec- 
ord for themselves in professional and 
other lines, is Robert Jackson, the jun- 
ior member of the firm of Remick & 
Jackson, who was born in Dover, 
May 21, 1880, son of James R. and 
Lydia (Drewj Jackson. He was edu- 
cated in. the public schools of Little- 
ton and Dartmouth College, grad- 
uatiria; in 1900. .Mr. Jackson then 



The Professional Life of Concord 



201 



became associated with Judge Aldrich 
of the United States District and 
Circuit courts as secretary, with head- 



...,,~ 



Robert Jackson 

quarters in Boston, still pursuing his 
studies in law. He was admitted to 
the New Hampshire bar In 1907 and 
since has been associated in the prac- 
tice of his profession with Judge James 
W. Remick. 

He married Dorothy, daughter of 
Hon. Oliver E. Branch of Manchester. 
and has two children, Sarah and Hope. 
Mr. Jackson is a member of the Beta 
Theta Pi Fraternity and while in 
Boston was a member of the First 
Corps of Cadets, M. V. M. 

Robert M. Wright 
Robert M. Wright, associated in 
the practice of law with Allen Hoilis, 
is one of the most substantial of 
Concord's younger lawyers. A de- 
scendant of old New England parent- 
age, Mr. Wright has always made 
his home on the farm In Sanborn- 
ton which has been owned by his 
family for a century and a quarter. 
He thus retains his rural environ- 
ments, yet comes in daily contact 



with city life while practising his pro- 
fession. 

After attending the public schools 
in Sanbornton, Mr. Wright grad- 
uated from Franklin High School and 
entered New Hampshire College, from 
which institution he was graduated in 
1900. 

Following graduation he taught 
school in Hill and Belmont, N. H., be- 
ing principal of the grammar school 
in the latter town. After a period 
as instructor at. the Stearns School 
for Boys at Hartford, Conn., he 
engaged in business in Hill for a 
period of four years. After a short 
period of business life he took up the 
study of law in the office of Streeter 
"& Hoilis at Concord and attended 
Boston University Law School in 
1910. When Mr. Allen Hoilis with- 
drew from the firm, Mr. Wright con- 
tinued his studies with him, being ad- 
mitted to the bar, in 1912. He has 
since continued with Mr. Hoilis. Mr. 
Wright was a member of the Consti- 



; 



h 



Robert M. Wright 



tutional convention of 1912 and Re- 
publican member of the last legisla- 
ture from Sanbornton. 



202 



The Granite Monthly 



Frank G. Driscoll 
Among the most popular of Con- 
cord's young attorneys is Frank G. 
Driscoll. son of David *J. and Kath- 




Frank G. Driscoll 

erine (McLaughlin) Driscoll, born in 
Penaeook, August 7, 1S92. He re- 
ceived his early education in the 
schools of Penacook and later entered 
the University of Maine where he 
graduated with the degree of LL.B. 
in 1914. Mr. Driscoll was one of the 
few successful candidates who applied 
for admission to the New Hampshire 
bar in June, 1914. It was in Septem- 
ber of the same year that he opened 
his office at 65 North Main Street 
and has enjoyed an extensive prac- 
tice, having made a large number of 
friends in this city. Mr. Driscoll is 
at the present time the youngest 
member of the state bar. 



J. Joseph Doherty 
J. Joseph Doherty, one of Concord's 
most popular young men and one of 
three successful candidates at the 
December, 1914, bar examination is 
the youngest member of the New 
Hampshire bar in practice in Concord. 
Mr. Dohertv was born in Concord, 
July 18, 1890, and is the son of Mr. 
and Mrs. Cornelius Doherty. He 
was educated in the Parochial and 
Concord High Schools, graduating 
in 1909, and, later studied law with 
Martin, Howe & Donigam and at 
Boston University Law School. 

Mr. Doherty is state advocate of 
the Knights of Columbus, and a 



1 



J. Joseph Doherty 



member of the Ancient Order of 
Hibernians. At present he is en- 
gaged in the general practice of law 
at 3 Depot Street. 



The Professional Life of Concord 



m 



THE MEDICAL PROFESSION 

When the site, upon which stands 
the present Capital City of New 
Hampshire was first settled, very 
little thought was directed towards 
the physical welfare of the people. 
In those days disease was considered 
a menace, but as far as can be learned 
nothing but advice was obtainable, 
and that from the nearest farmer. Of 
course the Indian remedies were in 
existence, but very few people had 
faith in the Redskins whom they 
considered their deadly enemies. 
Sickness was attended to by some 
kind neighbor, the settlers giving 
freely to one another. The colony 
is said to have been without a medical 



inently connected with the affairs of 
the town and frequently served as 
moderator, town clerk and selectman, 
also holding the office of the justice 
of the peace. He practised medicine 
in this vicinity twenty-seven years," 
and died September 17, 1767. It 
cannot be ascertained whether Doctor 
Carter had any contemporaries, but a 
Doctor Emery is mentioned as a 
short-time resident. 

Doctor Carter's real successor was 
Dr. Philip Carrigain, or McCarrigan, 
who came to Concord in 1768. He 
was distinguished as a surgeon, but 
in those days the science was far 
different from the present time, it 
being stated that a carpenter's saw 




Margaret Pillsbury General Hospital 



adviser for at least fourteen years, 
when Dr. Henry Rolfe came, and, 
having spent the winter here, and 
suffering from cold and the want 
of suitable provisions, it is sup- 
posed that he returned to Massachu- 
setts. 

The first physician to settle in 
Concord was Dr. Ezra Carter, known 
as the Elder. He was a young man 
and came from Salisbury, Mass., 
having studied medicine with Doctor 
Ordway in that town. At that time 
Concord had a population of about 
250 and they were scattered from Bow 
to Canterbury, it being quite likely 
that his practice extended to these 
towns. Doctor Carter was prom- 



and a sharp knife were quite a com- 
plement of tools for amputation. 

As time went on more men became 
interested in the study of medicine. 
A medical college was opened in the 
state and later the New Hampshire 
Medical Society was formed. The 
early history of the society shows 
that its object was understood by 
neither the public nor the members, 
and it is to the valiant few who held 
together in spite of discouraging cir- 
cumstances that the medical pro- 
fession of today owes more than it 
can tell. 

In 1834, on the grounds now occu- 
pied by the residence of the Hon. 
Benjamin A. Kimball, was estab- 



204 



The Granite Monthly 



lished Concord's first hospital, the 
Thompsonian Infirmary, which existed 
but a few years. This institution was 
followed by the Concord Botanic 
Infirmary, the Water Cure Estab- 
lishment and the Improved Move- 
ment Cure Institute of New York, all 
of which lasted but a few years each. 
In 1830 the condition of the insane 
in New Hampshire awakened much 
interest but each year the legislature 
failed to pass measures to remedy the 
situation. It was not until 1S42 that 
the institution was established and Dr. 
-George Chandler was given the super- 



'•" 



Dr. Granville P. Conn 

intendency. He was succeeded by 
Dr. Andrew McFariand and Dr. John 
E. Tylc-r. the latter being sur-ceeded 
by Dr. Jesse P. Bancroft who served 
the state from 1857 to 1883, when 
his son, Dr. Charles P. Bancroft, the 
present superintendent, took charge 
of the institution. 

Dr. Edward H. Parker of Concord, 
a scholarly physician, was the first 
editor and publisher of a monthly 
medical journal, the Xeic Hamp- 
shire Journal of Medicine. The first 



issue appeared in March, 1850. and 
it was published by Doctor Parker 
until October, 1853, when he accepted 
a professorhsip in the New York 
Medical College. The publication 
passed in several hands in the next 
few years and in 1S5S went out of 
existence. 

In 1843 the practice of homeopathy 
was introduced by Dr. Augustus 
Frank, a German. His stay in Con- 
cord was brief but others entered the 
field, among whom was Dr. Ferd 
Gustav Oehme who later had printed 
a book called "The Domestic Phy- 
sician," which was published by the 
late Edson C. Eastman. 

The physicians of the town adopted 
their first table of fees on January 1, 
1867, and among the nineteen signers 
were Drs. Granville P. Conn and 
Jacob H. Gallinger. 

In 1884 the Margaret Pillsbury 
General Hospital was established, 
it being the first general hospital in 
the state. Much credit for the estab- 
lishment of this institution is due Dr. 
Shadrach C. Morrill, who went among 
his friends and secured pledges of 
money before active steps were taken 
to organize the hospital association. 
The institution has grown contin- 
uously since it was opened and today 
Concord is proud of its fine showing. 

The constant and successful en- 
deavors of the men who at one time 
made up the medical fraternity of 
Concord paved the way for the pres- 
ent generation, who, keeping abreast 
of the times, have placed this city in 
the foremost ranks in the medical 
world. 

Dr. Granville P. Coxx. 
The dean of the medical profession, 
though not at the present time a 
resident of this city, is Dr. Granville 
P. Conn. He was born in Hills- 
borough, January 25, 1832, of mingled 
Scotch, Irish and English ancestry. 
He was educated in the common 
schools, Francestown and Pembroke 
academies, and had completed two 
vears of studv in the civil engineering 



The Professional Life of Concord 



205 



course at- Norwich Military Academy 
when ill health compelled him to 
Withdraw from the academy. Pie 
began his study of medicine with Dr. 
H. B. Brown of Hartford, Vt., at- 
tended two courses of medical lectures 
at Woodstock, Vt., and received his 
degree of M. D. from the Dartmouth 
Medical School in 1856, when he 
began his practice in East Randolph, 



years went on, his usefulness con- 
stantly increased. He was a member 
of several medical and fraternal or- 
ganizations and has held a prominent 
place in the work accomplished by 
them. Doctor Conn retired from 
active life a short time ago and in 
August. 1914, left this city for Haver- 
ford, Pa., where he has since made 
his home with his son. 



Dr. Irving A. Watson 



Yt.. continuing it at Richmond, in 
the same state, until August 19, 1862, 
when he was commissioned assistant- 
surgeon in the Twelfth Vermont Vol- 
unteers; serving with this regiment in 
the field, he was mustered out of the 
United States service in 1863. He 
came to Concord the same year. 

Doctor Conn immediately, upon 
his coming to Concord, became promi- 
nent in medical affairs and, as the 



Dr. Irvixg Allison Watson 
Since its organization, in 1881, the 
affairs of the State Board of Health 
have been conducted in a most 
efficient manner by Dr. Irving Allison 
Watson. He was born in Salisbury, 
K H., September 6, 1849, and is the 
son of Porter Baldwin, born at 
Corinth, Vt.,, July 13, 1825, and Luvia 
E. (Ladd) Watson; grandson of Itha- 
mar Watson, born at Weare, and 



A o u 




DR. FERDINAND A. STILLINGS 



The Professional Life of Concord 



207 



great-grandson of Caleb "Watson, born 
at Hampstead, tkis state, and who 
served in the Revolutionary War. 
The doctor receive! his preliminary 
education in the common schools of 
New Hampshire, and at the Newbury 
(Vt.) Seminary and Collegiate In- 
stitute, later attending lectures at 
the Dartmouth Medical College and 
at the medical department of the 
University of Vermont, graduating 
M, D. from the latter institution in 
1871 and receiving the degree of A.M. 
from Dartmouth in 1885. 

As a physician, Doctor Watson 
began his practice at Groveton (North- 
umberland), N. H., and remained 
there ten years, during which time he 
was several years superintendent of 
schools; was twice, 1879-81, repre- 
sentative in the general court, and 
was also surgeon to the Grand Trunk 
Railway. He was largely instru- 
mental in securing the passage of the 
act creating the state board of health; 
was appointed one of its members, 
and at its organization in September, 
1881, was elected secretary and execu- 
tive officer of the board, in which 
capacity he since been continued. 

He is registrar of the vital statistics 
of the state; has five times been 
elected secretary of the American 
Public Health Association; has been 
president of the International Con- 
ference of State and Provincial Boards 
of Health; is a permanent member of 
the American Medical Association, 
honorary member of the Academia 
Naeionaf cle Medicina de Mexico, was 
assistant secretary-general of the First 
Pan-American Medical Congress, 
member of the Societe Franchise 
d'Hygiene of Paris, of the New 
Hampshire Medical Society, the New 
Hampshire Historical Society; is a 
Mason, a Knight Templar, and is a 
member of many other organizations. 

Dr. Ferdinand A. Stillings 

Since 1874 Concord has been very 

proud to claim as one of her residents 

Dr. Ferdinand A. Stillings, one of the 

leading physicians as well as surgeons 



of the state. He is the son of Anson 
and Phoebe De Forest (Jvenison) Still- 
ings, and was born at Jefferson, March 
30, 1849. The doctor was educated in 
the schools of Jefferson, Lancaster 
Academy and Dartmouth Medical 
School, where he received his degree in 
1S70. In the same year he was ap- 
pointed assistant physician at the Mc- 
Lean Asylum in Somerville, Mass., and 
three years later he pursued his 
studies in the hospitals of London, 
Paris and Dublin. Returning to 
America in 1S74, he settled in Con- 
cord where he has built up a large 
practice and has been frequently 
called to other points as a surgeon 
and consultant. Doctor Stillings is at 
present advisory surgeon of tlie [Mar- 
garet Pillsbury Hospital, of the New 
Hampshire Memorial Hospital for 
Women and Children and is also 
surgeon of the Boston & Maine Rail- 
road. He served as surgeon-general 
on the staff of Gov. Hiram A. Tuttle 
and of Gov. Frank W. Rollins. While 
in this capacity he reorganized the 
hospital corps of the National Guard 
and instituted regular drills, which 
accounted for the competency of the 
corps that accompanied the First New 
Hampshire Regiment when the call 
came for the Spanish W r ar. In 1899 
Dr. Stillings was chosen to represent 
Ward Five in the General Court and 
was returned in 1901, being instru- 
mental at both sessions for the passing 
of measures relating to public health 
and hospital improvements. He also 
caused to be passed a resolution 
creating a commission to investigate 
as to the advisability of establishing 
a sanatorium for consumptives, which 
reported favorably at the next session, 
when the doctor represented the 
tenth senatorial district. 

He is an active and prominent 
member in the American Medical 
Association, New Hampshire Medical 
Society, the New Hampshire Surgical 
Club, Merrimack County and Centre 
District Medical Society, Interna- 
tional Association of Railway Sur- 
geons, New York and New England 



20S 



The Granite Monthly 



Association of Railway Surgeons and 
the American College of Surgeons. 
Doctor Stillings is medical director of 
the United Life and Accident Insur- 
ance Company, a director of the 
Mechanicks National Bank, and a 
number of other corporations. 

Dr. George Cook 
One of the best-known physicians 
of Concord' is Dr. George Cook of 16 
Centre Street, who has practiced 
medicine in this city for the past 
forty years. The scope of Doctor 



r 



\ / i . 






m 



Dr. George Cook 

Cook's life has by no means been 
limited, however, to the study and 
practice of medicine, for he lias been 
a close student of men and affairs 
both at home and abroad. Like other 
New Hampshire men of his profes- 
sion, Doctor Cook has found time 
to assist in caring for the needs of 
the body politic, and, as a staunch 
Republican, has served the state in 
numerous capacities. A country- 
wide acquaintance among students 
of his profession, gained through ex- 
tensive travel in the United States, 
has given him a broad, liberal mind 



and an unfailing understanding of 
human nature. Doctor Cook has 
gfven freely of his time and talent to 
further the upbuilding of Concord 
and his kindly advice to numerous 
young men, whom he has assisted 
in one way and another to obtain a 
higher education, has had a direct 
beneficial influence on its citizenship. 

Dr. George Cook was born in the 
historic town of Dover, N. H-, on 
November 16, 1848, the son of Solo- 
mon and Susan Ann (Hayes) Cook. 
He was educated at Franklin Acad- 
emy and Concord High School, com- 
ing to this city at the age of fifteen 
years. He read medicine with Dr. 
Charles P. Gage and Dr. Granville P. 
Conn, afterwards entering the Univer- 
sity of Vermont College of Medicine. 
He graduated from the Dartmouth 
Medical College in 1869 and im- 
mediately began practice at Henniker, 
where he remained until 1870 when 
he went to Hillsborough, where he 
was in practice until he came to Con- 
cord in May, 1875, as a practitioner. 
In 1874 he was superintendent of 
schools in Hillsborough. 

From that time on honors in the 
medical field came to Doctor Cook 
with great regularity. He was made 
assistant surgeon of the New Hamp- 
shire National Guard in 1879; sur- 
geon in 1882, medical director in 1884 
and in 1893 and 1894 was Surgeon- 
General on the staff of former Gov. 
John B. Smith. From 1878 to 18S4 
Doctor Cook was city physician and, 
during the administration of Presi- 
dent Harrison, from 1889 to 1893, 
he was pension examining surgeon. 
At the time of the Spanish American 
War, Doctor Cook was major and 
chief surgeon of the First Division, 
Second Army Corps. U. S. V. He 
was a member of the New Hampshire 
House of Representatives in 1883 
and 1884. Since 1885 Doctor Cook 
has been an inspector of the State 
Board of Health and has been a mem- 
ber of the staff of the Margaret Pilis- 
burv Hospital since the institution was 
opened on October 20, 1884. He has 



The Professional Life of Concord 



209 



been president of the New Hampshire 
Medical Examining and Registration 
Board since the law went into effect 
in 1897. 

Doctor Cook is a member of the 
New Hampshire Medical Society, 
Center District Medical Society, As- 
sociation of Military Surgeons of the 
United States, American . Medical 
Society and, from 1S98 to 190S, was 
Grand President of the Alpha Kappa 
Kappa Medical Fraternity of which 
he is now Grand Primarius and visit- 
ing officer among the different chap- 
ters in the United States and Canada. 
In this capacity he visits the Pacific 
Coast once every two years, and all 
chapters east of the Mississippi once 
a year. 

Doctor Cook is a Mason and an 
Odd Fellow, member of the Sons of 
Veterans, New Hampshire Historical 
Society, and has been a vestry-man at 
St. Paul's Episcopal Church for the 
past twenty-five years. 

Dr. Chaxcey Adams 
In the medical fraternity in this 
city, probably there is no man better 
or more favorably known than 
Chancey Adams. A.M.} M.D., the son 
of Benjamin and Eliza Briton (Sawyer) 
Adams, who was born in North New 
Portland, Me., March 15, 1861. He 
belongs to a branch of the famous old 
Massachusetts family of the same 
name. Doctor Adams was educated 
in the district schools of North Anson, 
Me., and graduated from Anson 
Academy in 1880. He next attended 
the Waterville Classical Institute 
(now Coburn Classical Institute), 
Waterville, Me., graduating in 1881, 
when he became a student in Colby 
University at Waterville, completing 
his studies there in 1885. After 
teaching in the district schools of 
Embden, Waldoboro, and in the 
Phillips High School, he entered the 
Portland Medical School and later 
the Maine Medical School, graduat- 
ing from the latter institution in 1891. 
In the same year he entered the 



United States Marine Hospital at 
Staten Island. Thence he went to 
Taunton, Mass., as assistant physi- 
cian in the Insane Hospital. It was 
after he had taken a three months* 
course in the Post-Graduate Medical 
School and College of New York 
City in 1893 that he opened an office 
in Concord. 

The doctor is a member of the 
Merrimack County and Centre Dis- 
trict Medical Society, New Hamp- 
shire Medical Society, American Med- 
ical Association and New Hampshire 
Surgical Club. 



m 






Dr. Chancey Adams 



In 1893 Dr. Adams married Laur- 
inda Clara Coombs of Gloucester, 
Mass. He has two children, Ed- 
mund C. and Elizabeth B. Adams. 
The doctor is a Mason, Knight of 
Pythias, Shriner, a Son of the Ameri- 
can Revolution; was city physician 
in 1897-98; is a member of the 
United States Pension Board of 
Examiners and also medical referee 
for Merrimack County. 



lie 




DR. CHARLES RUMFORD WALKER 



The Professional Life of Concord 



211 



Dr. Charles Rumyord Walker 

Interested in public affairs and con- 
stantly working for the betterment of 
the people of Concord is Dr. Charles 
Rumford Walker, descendant in the 
fourth generation from the Rev. 
Timothy Walker, the first minister of 
Concord. He was born in this city 
February 13, 1852, and was fitted for 
college at Phillips Exeter Academy 
where he graduated in 1870. After 
receiving his degree from Yale four 
years later, he entered upon the study 
of medicine at the Harvard Medical 
School, graduating in 187S, in the 
same year being appointed a member 
of the house staff of the Boston City 
Hospital, where he served as surgical 
intern until January, 1879. In Feb- 
ruary of the same year he went 
abroad, in further pursuit of his pro- 
fessional studies, and was matriculated 
in the foremost institutions of Dublin, 
London, Vienna and Strassburg, his 
European studies occupying more 
than two years. Returning to Con- 
cord in March, 1SS1, the doctor estab- 
lished a practice which has grown to 
be one of the largest in this city. 

Since the Margaret Pillsbury Hos- 
pital was established, Doctor Walker 
has been a member of its staff. and is 
at present on the consulting staff of 
that institution. He has been physi- 
cian at St. Paul's School and has served 
a term as surgeon in the National 
Guard. He is a member of several 
medical societies including the New 
Hampshire Medical Society, of which 
he has been president; and the Amer T 
ican Medical Association, and has 
also been a member of the National 
Board of Health. 

Doctor Walker is a trustee of the 
New Hampshire Savings Bank, Rolfe 
and Rumford Asylum, trustee and 
treasurer of the Timothy and Abigail 
B. Walker Free Lecture Fund. In 
1892 he was elected a member of the 
board of aldermen and in 1894 he was 
chosen to represent Ward Five in the 
General Court. 

He was married January 18, 1888, 
to Frances Sheafe of Boston, and 



has two children, Sheafe Walker and 
Charles R. Walker, Jr. 

Dr. Marion L. Bugbee 
A person of marked ability in the 
professional circles of Concord is Dr. 
Marion L. Bugbee. She is the daugh- 
ter of Jonathan and Ellen (Lewis) 
Bugbee born in Hartford, Vt., and 
was educated at the Til den Seminary 
of West Lebanon, and in 1897 gradu- 
ated from the Woman's Medical 
College of the New York Infirmary. 



U i 



Dr. Marion L. Bugbee 

Doctor Bugbee was an intern at the 
Memorial Hospital of Worcester in 
1898. later going to her native home 
in Hartford, Vt., where she remained 
until 1907 when she took a post- 
graduate course in the Post-Graduate 
Hospital of New York City. It was 
in the same year that the doctor took 
charge of the Memorial Hospital of 
this city, in which position she still 
continues. 

She is a member of the Merrimack 
County and Centre District Medical 
societies, American Medical Associa- 
tion, chairman of the Public Health 



3l!X 




DR. CHARLES P. BANCROFT 



The Professional Life of Concord 



213 



Committee for the Federated Clubs 
of New Hampshire and secretary of 
the Public Health Educational Com- 
mittee of the American Medical As- 
sociation for New Hampshire. Doc- 
tor Bugbee is also a member of the 
Concord Woman's Club, Friendly 
Club and the Daughters of the Ameri- 
can Revolution. 

Dr. Charles Parker Bancroft 
New Hampshire is, indeed, fortu- 
nate to have at the head of one of its 
largest institutions Dr. Charles Parker 
Bancroft, known country-wide as 
one of the foremost alienists of the 
present day. He is superintendent 



Boston and in 1SS2 he was called by 
the trustees of that State Hospital to 
become superintendent and treasurer 
of that institution. At that time 
there were 2G0 patients whereas now 
the number of people receiving treat- 
ment at this institution exceeds 1,150. 
Doctor Bancroft has been identified 
with all of the progressive movements 
for the care of the insane. 

From 1S90 he has been interested 
in the general movement taking place 
throughout the country for the state 
care of the insane. This movement 
contemplated their removal from the 
county poorfarms and placing them 
under the care of the state, where 



l A "4. 



V 



■15m 



Vv 



■ 






18& 



1 p 



>m 



m 



The New Hospital Building 



of the State Hospital, having suc- 
ceeded his father in 18S2. Doctor 
Bancroft was born at St. Johnsbury, 
Yt., January 11, 1852, the son of 
Jesse P. Bancroft and Elizabeth 
(Speare) Bancroft. His early educa- 
tion was received in the common 
schools of Concord, Phillips Andover 
Academy, Harvard College, receiving 
the degree of A.B. in 1874; and the 
Harvard Medical School, from which 
he graduated in June, 1878. He was 
house officer at the Boston City 
Hospital for eighteen months and was 
an assistant in the New Hampshire 
State Hospital nine months. 

In the spring of 1879 the doctor 
began his practice of medicine in 



better provisions are possible for 
better classification and scientific 
study. This movement necessitated 
additional buildings and these com- 
prised the following: in 1900, the 
Twitchell House, a building for con- 
valescent patients; 1903, North and 
South pavilions; 1905, a hospital 
building for the accommodation of 
165 patients, modeled after general 
hospitals; 1907, the Kent and Peaslee 
buildings for 175 patients; 1909, a 
new heat and power plant; and 191 1, 
a building for industrial patients, 
accommodating 225. 

Doctor Bancroft became interested 
in the better training of nurses and 
attendants and in 188S established a 



214 



The Granite Monthly 



training school for nurses, modeled 
on the lines of the general hospital 
training schools. Tins training school 
has a three-year course and it is af- 
filiated with the best training schools 
in New York City and graduates fif- 
teen or more nurses each year, who 
are qualified to assume head positions 
in the State Hospital, or similar posi- 
tions in other institutions, or to enter 
into private nursing. 

The Doctor became interested early 
in the field of industrial training and 
vocational -employment for insane. 
He established a shop many years 
ago for the employment of men 
patients in which many industries 
are taught, such as broom and brush 
making, cobbling and shoe making, 
printing, weaving and making hosiery. 
Women are similarly taught in various 
kinds of needlework, basketry, rug 
making and the like. Two industrial 
teachers are employed and an annual 
fair has been instituted in which the 
products of these various industries 
are sold to the public. 

Under Doctor Bancroft, a patho- 
logical laboratory and a modern, 
up-to-date hydro-therapeutic room 
has been established in the hospital 
building for scientific study and the 
better treatment of the patients. 

For many years he has been very 
interested in the colony care for the 
insane, and at his suggestion the state 
purchased about three hundred acres 
of farm land four miles distant from 
the hospital on which several patients 
are employed throughout the year, 
raising farm products for the main 
hospital. This is intended to be the 
nucleus of a larger and permanent 
farm colony. 

Doctor Bancroft is a member of 
the New Hampshire Medical Society, 
Boston Society for Psychiatry, and 
Neurology, of the American Medico- 
Psychological Association, of the New 
England Society of Psychiatry, and 
has been president of the three latter, 
as well as the Boston City Hospital 
Alumni Association. 

He has been a frequent contributor 



to these societies at their meetings 
and is author of the following reprints 
and other publications: Wood's "Ref- 
erence Handbook of the Medical 
Sciences/' articles on the "Opium 
Habit," the " Physical Expression of 
Insanity," and a monograph on the 
" General Symptomatology of In- 
sanity." Doctor Bancroft has pub- 
lished many other articles and has 
been called upon quite frequently 
to deliver addresses, among the most 
noteworthy are: " Inquiry into the 
Causes of Insanity, with Especial 
Reference to Prevention and Treat- 
ment," 1884; "Physical Basis of 
Sin," 1894; "Automatic Muscular 
Movements Among Insane," 1881; 
" Sub-Conscious Homicide and Suicide, 
Their Physiological Psychology," 1898; 
"Legal and Medical Insanity," 1900; 
"Paresis," 1904; "Reconciliation of 
the Disparity Between Hospital and 
Asylum Trained Nurses," 1904; "Re- 
ception Hospitals and Psychopathic 
Wards in State Hospitals for the In- 
sane," 1907; presidential address, 
" Hopeful and Discouraging Aspects of 
the Psychiatric Outlook," 1908; 
''Women Nurses on Male Wards in 
Hospitals for the Insane," 1908; "Is 
there an Increase Among the Dement- 
ing Psychoses?" 1913; "Some Perils 
Confronting the State Care of the In- 
sane." 

Through the efforts of Doctor 
Bancroft, the New Hampshire State 
Hospital today is recognized as one 
of the foremost institutions in the 
country for care of the insane. His 
progressive methods have ofttimes 
been cited as models and adopted by 
various institutions. 

Orlando B. Douglas, M.D. 
In September, 1901, Concord wel- 
comed to her confines Orlando B. 
Douglas, M.D., of New York City. 
He is the son of Amos and Almira 
(Balcom) Douglas, born in Cornwall, 
Yt., September 12, 1836. His edu- 
cation was obtained in the common 
schools of his native state and Bran- 
don Seminary. Later he taught 



The Professional Life of Concord 



215 



school three winters and in summers 
assisted his father in the lumber 
business and farming. In 1858 he 
went to Brunswick, Mo. ; and began 
the study of his profession. He was 
a participant in the terrifying turmoil 
in Missouri at the beginning of the 
Civil War, in 1S61. In September he 
enlisted in the Eighteenth Regiment, 
Missouri Infantry, and saw some hard 
service; was twice wounded, once at 
the battle of Shiloh in 1S62, being sent 
to friends in New England when he 
-recovered. In Juh he reported to the 
Washington Park Hospital, Cincin- 
nati, O.; was assigned to Provost 
Marshal duty till November, when he 
returned to his regiment at Corinth, 
Miss., where he was appointed Adju- 
tant of his regiment. Later, by spe- 
cial order of Gen. Grant, he was 
assigned to Gen. Bavne's Brigade as 
A. A. A. G. 

In 1876 Doctor Douglas removed 
to New York City, where for twenty- 
five years he was active in professional 
and medical circles. A certificate 
presented to Doctor Douglas in 1891, 
on the occasion of his trip to the north 
of Europe, states over the signatures 
of officers of different organizations, 
that he was at that time holding the 
following positions: that he was a 
graduate of the University Medical 
College of New York; treasurer of the 
New York Academy of Medicine; 
professor in the Post-Graduate -Medi- 
cal School and Hospital; surgeon to 
the Manhattan Eye, Ear and Throat 
Hospital; was a member of the board 
of directors of the New York Physi- 
cians' Mutual Aid Association, and 
member of the Medical Society of 
the State of New York, and of its 
Committee on Publications. 

Doctor Douglas is a member of 
the New Hampshire Medical Society, 
of the American Medical Association, 
honorary member of the Vermont 
Medical Society, and of numerous 
other kindred associations. He is 
author of various medical papers, 
largely on subjects connected with 
his specialty, diseases of the ear, nose 



and throat. He was surgeon of 
Reno Post in New York City for 
twenty-five years, and member of the 
G. A. R. since August 25, 186S; is a 
Companion of the First Class, Loyal 
Legion of America. He is past com- 
mander, Department of New Hamp- 
shire, G. A. R.; is a 32d degree Mason 
and of the A. A. O. N. M. S.; is a 
Baptist; a Republican in politics; has 
been a member of the State Executive 
Committee of the N. H. Y. M. C. A. 
since 1903, and president of the New 



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Orlando B. Douglas, M.I). 

Hampshire Orphans' Home, in Frank- 
lin, ten years. 

In September, 1875, he married 
Maria Manson Ticldy, who won fame 
as an army nurse in the Civil War. 
Mrs. Douglas was a very able woman 
and at the time of her death, on Jan. 
11, 1913, was president of the National 
Association of Army Nurses of the 
Civil War, past chaplain of the Wo- 
man's Relief Corps and chaplain of the 
New Hampshire Department, Wo- 
man's Relief Corps. 

On May 3 of this year Dr. Douglas 
was appointed Medical Director of 
the National Association, Survivors of 
the Battle of Shiloh. 



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The Professional Life of Concord 



21 



Lorex A. Sanders, M.D. 

Loren Addison, only child of George 
S. and Prudence S. (Parker) Sanders, 
was born July 5. 1874, in Grafton, 
where he began his education. He 
later attended the public schools of 
Wilmot and New London. At the 
age of eighteen he came to Concord 
and entered the employ of the Abbott- 
Downing Company. Doctor Sanders 
had been in this city but one year and 
six months, when he decided to fake 
up the study of medicine, and, to 
prepare himself for his chosen profes- 
sion, he entered Tilton Seminary in 
1893. After graduating from this 
institution the doctor went to New 
York City where he continued his 
studies in the Bellevue Medical. Col- 
lege, which about this time became 
merged with the medical department 
of New York University. On Mav 
16, 1899, he graduated from that 
institution, following which he came 
to Concord and at once became 
associated in practice with one of the 
most eminent physicians and sur- 
geons of the state, Dr. Granville P. 
Conn. Doctor Sanders from the first 
g;ave special attention to surgery, in 
which department he has been very 
successful, and is today an attending 
surgeon on the staff of the Margaret 
Pillsbury General Hospital, and sur- 
geon to the New Hampshire Memorial 
Hospital for Women and Children. 

He is a member of the New Hamp- 
shire Medical Society- , Merrimack 
County and Centre District Medical 
Society, New Hampshire Surgical 
Club, New York and New England 
Association of Railway Surgeons, and 
is a fellow in the American College of 
Surgeons, and is Medical Examiner 
for the United Life, Columbian Life, 
John Hancock, Penn Mutual, and 
other life insurance companies. He 
is a Mason, a Baptist, and in politics 
& Republican. He has been a mem- 
ber of the board of health, has served 
four years in the city common 
council, two years as alderman, and 
was a member of the General Court, 
1911-12. 



On September 29, 1898, Doctor 
Sanders married Margaret A. Clough 
of Warner, N. H., daughter of Reuben 
and Mary Elizabeth (Clark) Clough. 

Dr. Elizabeth Hoyt-Stevexs 
The first woman of Concord birth 
to establish herself as a physician in 
this city was Dr. Jane Elizabeth 
Hovt-Stevens. She was a student at 
Weliesley Medical College in 1879- 
83, and a graduate of the Woman's 
Medical College of the New York 
Infirmarv (Blacknell College) in New 
York City, class of 1890. 




Dr. J. Elizabeth Iloyt-Stevens 

The doctor visited hospitals in 
England and Scotland during the 
summer of 1890 and was a resident 
physician at Lassell Seminary in 
1890-91 and in 1892-93, Doctor Hoyt 
worked at the University of Vienna 
under Professor Schauter, Hertzfeld, 
Kaposi and Lukasieweiz. 

Returning to Concord she opened 
an office at her ancestral home on 
North State Street in June, 1893, and 
was appointed consulting physician 
on the medical staff of the Margaret 
Pillsbury Hospital in 1896. She re- 
signed the position in 1899 for the 
purpose of spending an unlimited 
time in Europe, remaining abroad 



21S 



The Granite Monthly 



nearly three years. About one half 
of this period was given to lectures 
snd laboratory work in the University 
of Leipsic under Professors Chun, 
Wimdt and Schmarsow, while nine 
months were devoted to travel in 
North Africa, Tunis, Algiers, and the 
Sahara desert. 

Doctor Hoyt returned to America 
and to Concord where she unexpect- 
edly resumed the practice of her pro- 
fession in June, 1902. In April, 1906, 
she went as delegate from the New 
Hampshire . State Medical Society 
to the International Medical Con- 
gress, then meeting in Lisbon, Portu- 
gal. After the Congress, which con- 
tinued one week, she traveled three 
months through Spain, and went again 
into North Africa to Morocco and 
Algiers. 

On June 26, 1907, the doctor mar- 
ried George W. Stevens of Clare- 
mont, since which time she has con- 
tinued with office practice only. 

Dr. J^ussell Wilkins 
Doctor Wilkins, a son of the late 
Chaplain E. R. Wilkins, was born 
in Amesbury, Mass., April 23, 1873, 
and upon removal to Concord be- 
came a pupil in the public schools, 
graduating from the high school in 
1891. Choosing the profession of 
medicine and surgery as a life work, 
he entered Dartmouth Medical Col- 
lege, and graduated from that insti- 
tution in the class of November, 1895. 
He became the house officer of Cam- 
bridge Hospital in the following year, 
and in 1897 began the practice of 
medicine in Concord, in which he still 
continues. 

He early manifested an interest in 
military affairs, and in 1898 was com- 
missioned first lieutenant and assistant 
surgeon in the First New Hampshire 
Volunteers. He now holds the com- 
mission of major in the medical de- 
partment of the New Hampshire 
National' Guard, and for three years 
has been acting surgeon-general. 

Doctor Wilkins served as a mem- 
ber of the Concord Board of Plealth 



for six years, the last two as president. 
He is president of the Centre Dis- 
trict and Merrimack County Medical 
Society, a member of the New Hamp- 
shire Medical Society and the Ameri- 
can Medical Association, and one of 
the staff of the Margaret Pillsbury 
General Hospital. In 1913 he repre- 
sented his ward in the state legisla- 
ture. 



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Dr. Russell Wilkins 

In 1903 he married Grace M. Thur- 
ber of Penacook, and hopes to be 
survived by his two children, Daniel 
and Dorothy. 

Dr. John McClure Gove 
Dr. John McClure Gove, the pio- 
neer osteopathic physician of New 
Hampshire, has been engaged in 
practice since 1900, in Concord, and 
was the first osteopath to locate per- 
manently in the state. 

Doctor Gove was born in Raymond, 
N. H., in 1872, the son of Samuel 
and Mary (McClure) Gove. He was 
fitted for college at Sanborn Seminary, 
Kingston, N. H., and entered Boston 
University in 1892, from which insti- 
tution he received the degree of Bach- 



The Professional Life of Concord 



219 



elor of Arts in 1896, and continued 
in the same institution for post-grad- 
uate study for another year. He was 
graduated from the Boston Institute 
of Osteopathy in 1900, and immedi- 
ately came to Concord. In 1909 he 
took a special course of study in 
Massachusetts College of Osteopathy 
(formerly the Boston Institute of 
Osteopathy) and received the degree 
of Doctor of Osteopathy in 1910. 
Doctor Gove was one of the organ- 



He graduated from Concord High 
School in 1891 and received the degree 
of M.D., from Boston Universitv in 
1896. He located in Attleboro, Mass., 
immediately following graduation and 
practised there until October, 1905 r 
when he removed to Concord. 

He was married to Grace F. Page 
of Concord on June 29, 189S. They 
have two children, John Page Amsden 
and Edward Daggett Amsdcn. Doc- 
tor Amsden is a member of the Center 



m 



■• 



Dr. John McClure Gove 

izers of the New Hampshire Osteo- 
pathic Society and is at present its 
president. He is also a member of 
the New England Osteopathic Asso- 
ciation and of the American Osteo- 
pathic Association. He took a very 
active part in securing the passage of 
the medical law at the last session of 
the legislature, which provides a uni- 
form standard of examination for all 
doctors and which raises the educa- 
tional qualifications required of all 
practitioners coming into the state. 

Dr. Henry H. Amsden 
Henry H. Amsden. M.D., was born 
in Penacook, N. H., July 15, 1872. 



Dr. Henry H. Amsden 

District Medical Society, Xew Hamp- 
shire Medical Society, Xew Hamp- 
shire Surgical Club, and American 
Medical Association, and is assistant 
visiting physician to the Margaret 
Pillsbury General Hospital. He is a 
member of the First Congregational 
Church, and a Mason and Odd Fellow-. 

Dr. Frank Willard Grafton 
Prominent among the members of 
the medical fraternity of this city is 
Dr. Frank W. Grafton, who was born 
in Gilford, N. H., the son of James 
and Mary Jane (Collins) Grafton. 
He attended the public schools and re- 
ceived private instruction before he 



220 



The Granite Monthly 



entered the Bryant & Station Business 
College in Manchester, after which 
he taught school for two years in Bow. 
The doctor took a further course of 
instruction in the Concord High 
School and entered the medical de- 
partment of Dartmouth College in 
1893, graduating two years later. In 
November, 1S96, he began his prac- 
tice in Concord, in association with the 
late Dr. E. H. Foster, and has been 



the New Hampshire Surgical Club, 
and is also a fellow in the American 
College of Surgeons. He is also iden- 
tified with Bow Grange, P. of H.; 
Masons, including the Shrine; Odd 
Fellows; United Order of Pilgrim 
Fathers and Knights of the Ancient 
Essenic Order. 

Doctor Grafton was married De- 
cember 19, 1S96, to Edith Mathilde 
MaeDowell, of Chaniplain, N. Y. 



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Dr. Frank W. Grafton 



most successful, at present enjoying 
a large practice and having innu- 
merable friends. Doctor Grafton is at 
present an attending surgeon on the 
staff of the Margaret Pillsburv Hospi- 
tal. 

In politics he is a Republican and 
has the distinction of having been the 
first Republican town clerk of Bow. 
The doctor is a member of the Merri- 
mack Count}' Medical Society, New 
Hampshire State Medical Society, 
the American Medical Association, 



Dr. Robert J. Graves 
Among Concord's most successful 
physicians and surgeons is Dr. Robert 
Graves. Though still a young man 
his accomplishments in the field of 
medicine and surgery have attracted 
wide interests. The doctor was born 
in Boseawen, June 22, 1878, the son 
of Eli E. and Martha (Williams) 
Graves. He received his education 
in the Concord High School and 
Harvard College, graduating from the 
latter institution with the degree of 



The Professional Life of Concord 



221 



A. B. His attention then turned to 
the study of medicine, entering the 
Harvard Medical School, where he 
received the degree oi M. D. in 1903. 
During his last year at the medical 
school he was the prosector of anat- 
omy. The doctor's hospital experi- 
ence has been quite extended and has 
been in connection with some of the 
most prominent institutions of the 
■country, including the Massachusetts 
General Hospital, where he served as 



The doctor is a member of the Xew 
Hampshire Medical Society, Massa- 
chusetts Medical Society, Aescula- 
pian Club, Xew Hampshire Surgical 
Club, and is a fellow in the American 
College of Surgeons. He is a member 
of several fraternal organizations, in- 
cluding the Masons and Shrine. Odd 
.Fellows, Elks and the Grange. He is 
a Republican in politics and is a 
member of the South Congregational 
Church. 



\\ 



. 



Dr. Robert J. Graves 



house surgeon for two years, the 
Boston Lying-in Hospital and the 
Bournewood Private Hospital, having 
been assistant in the latter institution. 
On November 28, 1904, Dr. Graves 
came to Concord to practice medicine 
and during his stay here has made 
friends with everybody he has come 
in contact with. His clientele is one 
of the most extensive and includes all 
classes and conditions. He is an 
assistant on the surgical staff of the 
Margaret Pillsbury Hospital. 



Doctor Graves married Helen McG. 
Avers, October 10, 1905, and has three 
children, Katharine, Jane Phillips 
and John Kimball. 

Dr. W. Preston Beavclerk 
In the foremost ranks of the medical 
profession in this city is Dr. W. Pres- 
ton Beaucierk, the son of Sydney W. 
Beauclerk and Elizabeth (Yates) 
Beaucierk, who was born in Troy, 
X. Y., June 9,1875. His early educa- 
tion was received in the Lyndon 



The Granite Monthly 



Institute of Lyndon, Vt., following 
which he took a course at Norwich 
University in North field, Vt. Hav- 
ing decided to follow the medical 
profession, the doctor entered the 
University of Vermont where he 
received his degree of M.D. in 1896. 
Later in the same year he came to 
New Hampshire to practice medicine, 
opening an office in Contoocook. For 
seven years Doctor Beauclerk enjoyed 
an extensive practice in that village 



IP 



a member of the surgical staff 
of the Margaret Fiilsbury General 
Hospital and is prominently con- 
nected with the Merrimack County 
and Centre District Medical Soci- 
ety, the New Hampshire State Med- 
ical Society, the American Medical 
Association and the New Hampshire 
Surgical Club. Jgj 

He is a Mason, an Elk, a member 
of the Wonolaucet Club, Loyal Order 
of Moose, and the Sons of St. George. 



■ ' ■ 



Dr. W. Preston Beauclerk 



and made a large circle of friends. 
Wishing to increase the field of his 
medical activities, he came to Con- 
cord in 1903, where he has since been 
located. Dr. Beauclerk has always 
taken a deep interest in the affairs of 
Concord and has done all in his power 
to promote movements that were for 
the benefit of the city and the people 
in general. His practice is one of 
the largest and most exclusive in the 
city. 

At the present time the doctor is 



Dr. Fred A. Sprague 
Among the prominent young Con- 
cord physicians is Dr. Fred A. Sprague, 
who was born in Pembroke November 
9, 1873, the son of Alvah S. and Eliza 
A. (Snell) Sprague, both families 
being of Revolutionary stock. He 
received his earl}' education in the 
schools of Claremont and this city, 
also by private tutoring. Doctor 
Sprague entered the Baltimore Medi- 
cal College in 1902, where he received 
his degree of M. D. While in college 



The Professional Life of Concord 



223 



he was a member of the A. 0. D. 

fraternity. The dor tor was an intern 
at the Maryland General Hospital for 
one year and, after passing the Mary- 
land State Board and the New Hamp- 
shire Board he began his practice of 
medicine and surgery in Concord 
October 1, 1906, and. during the past 
three years, has made a specialty of 
X-ray work. He has been a member 
of the board of health for seven years 
and is also a member of the Spanish 
War Veterans, and several other medi- 
cal and fraternal societies. 



from Tufts College Medical School 
in 1902, opening an office in Boston 
in the same year. While in that city 
the doctor had clinical experience at 
various hospitals and dispensaries 
and returned to his native city in 1905. 
Dr. Clarke is an assistant physician 
on the medical staff of the Margaret 
Pillsbury General Hospital and a con- 
sulting physician of the Pembroke 
Sanatorium. 

He is a member of the Merrimack 
County and Centre District Medical 
Society, a fellow of the New Hamp- 



K 



Dr. Fred A. Sprague 

On July 7, 1903, Doctor Sprague 
married Jennie C. Brown, the daugh- 
ter of Charles W. and Lecretia C. 
Brown of Concord. Previous to mar- 
riage Mrs. Sprague was a teacher in 
Concord schools for seven years. 

Dr. George Haven Clarke. 
Doctor Clarke was born in Concord, 
the son of David E. Clarke, a long- 
time dry goods dealer of this city, and 
Henrietta S. Clarke. He was edu- 
cated in the public schools of this 
city, had private tuition in Boston 
and received his degree of M.D., 



Dr. George H. Clarke 

shire Medical Society and the Ameri- 
can Medical Association, a member 
of the National Association for the 
Study and Prevention of Tuberculosis, 
a member of the New Hampshire 
Historical Society, and the Wono- 
lancet Club. 

Dr. Oramel Henry Stanley 
One of the city's younger physi- 
cians is Oramel H. Stanley, who was 
born in Fryeburg, Me.. July 11, 1887, 
the elder son of Charles Edward and 
Grace (Evans) Stanley. He was edu- 
cated in the public schools of Frye- 



224 



The Granite Monthly 



burg and Fryeburg- Academy, grad- 
uated from Bowdoin College with 
degree of A.B., and i he degree of M.D. 
was conferred upon him at Bowdoin 
Medical School. Doctor Stanley was 
house physician at the Maine General 
Hospital, studied at the Xew York 
Lying-in Hospital and is at present 
an assistant on the surgical staff of 
the Margaret Pillsbury General Hos- 



m 



Dr. Oramel H. Stanley 



pital. He came to Concord in 1913 
and in politics is a Republican. 

The Doctor is a member of the 
Beta Theta Pi and Phi Chi frater- 
nities. Merrimack County and Centre 
District Medical Society, New Hamp- 
shire State Medical Society, New 
Hampshire Surgical Club, and is a 
Mason. 

Dr. Charles H. Dolloff 
Doctor Dolloff was born in Cam- 
bridge, Mass., December 29, 1877. 
He was educated in the public schools 
of Cambridge and Everett and at 
Dartmouth Medical School, grad- 
uating in 1903. The doctor has been 
an intern in the United States Public 
Health and Marine Hospital Service. 



In 1905 he came to Concord and has 
since been connected with the Xew 
Hampshire State Hospital. Doctor 
DollofT acted as superintendent of 
that institution from January 1, 1915, 
until the reinstatement of Doctor 
Bancroft in the middle of May. 
He is a Mason and a member of 




Dr. Charles II. Dolloff 

the Xew Hampshire State Medical 
Society. 

The Xew Hampshire Memorial 

Hospital for Women axd 

Children. 

This beneficent institution, the 
only hospital in the state managed 
by and for women, is now in its 
twentieth year. It was incorporated 
September 12, 1895, largely through 
the efforts of Dr. Julia Wallace-Russell 
who began medical practice in Concord 
in 1878, the first woman physician in 
the capital, and one of the very earl- 
iest in the state. Miss Mary Ann 
Downing, whose life was devoted to 



The Professional Life of Concord 



good works, helped Dr. Wallace- 
Russell to realize her dream, and 
became the first president of the 
new undertaking. The hospital was 
opened to patients. October 10, 1896. 
From that? time till August 31, 193 4. 
the date of the last annual report, 
2,347 patients have been received, 
and fort}' -two nurses have been grad- 
uated from the training-school. 

The permanent funds now amount 
to $33,283.34, including six endowed 
free beds. As showing the state- wide 
interest in the hospital, it may be 
mentioned that of the six women pro- 
viding these free beds two lived 
in Newport, and one each in Man- 
chester, Dover, Hopkinton and Pem- 
broke. The original house, 66 South 
Street, purchased in 1896 for 87,000, 
is still the home of the hospital. It 
has been several times remodelled and 
% enlarged, but it has never lost its 
homelike look. The number of pa- 
tients has steadily increased till the 
accommodations have been strained 
almost to the bursting point. Last 
year, 1913-14, 258 patients were 
cared for, more than double the 
number, 127, received in 1905-06. 
The latter number was four times as 
great as during the first year when 
thirty-one only were enrolled. 

The hospital has been fortunate 
in its location, facing on two streets 
with a large plot of land to the south, 
shaded by graceful elms, and an ample 
garden in the rear. The double 
piazzas, recently added by Mrs. 
Mary W. Truesdell, one of the trus- 
tees, are most helpful in bringing 
additional sun and air to the patients. 
The demand for accommodations has 
become so great that last summer four 
nurses slept in a tent on the lawn while 
the superintendent and night nurses 
have had to seek quarters outside the 
building. It is to relieve this pressure 



that the Dicker man property, a 
comfortable house and land adjoining 
the hospital on the north, has recently 
been acquired. The great present 
need of the hospital is a separate 
maternity department. There were 
forty-five babies born in the main 
building last year; and the Hospital 
Associates are hopeful in the near 
future ofraisiug funds for a two-story 
maternity ward. 

The charge at the hospital is from 
S12.00 to 818.00 per week, which in- 
cludes board and nursing except when 
the case is so critical that the patient 
must have a private nurse. Medical 
fees are extra, and the patients may 
employ any physician, male or female, 
that they choose. Anyone comparing 
these prices with the expense of sick- 
ness in one's own house can readily 
see that it pays to go to the hospital. 
Although the institution receives no 
state aid, depending upon its friends 
for its support, over 26 per cent, of 
charity work was done last year. 

Dr. Wallace-Russell, the projector 
and founder of the hospital, was phy- 
sician-in-charge till her lamented 
death, July 1, 1906. She was suc- 
ceeded by Dr. Marion L. Bugbee, 
the present incumbent, under whose 
efficient direction the institution is 
continually increasing its usefulness. 
Miss Rosanna O'Donoghue has been 
superintendent for the last nine years. 
Dr. Ellen A. Wallace of Manches- 
ter sister of the founder, and the 
only one of the original board of 
officers now living, has been president 
since the death of Miss Downing in 
1903. 

The foregoing brief summary gives 
but the faintest outline of the noble 
work which this institution is accom- 
plishing. Visit the place and see for 
yourself, if possible. If not, send for 
the annual report. 



226 



The Granite Monthly 



THE DENTAL PROFESSION 

Though today the practice of den- 
tistry is considered one of the most 
difficult, at one time Concord had no 
such person as a dentist on its lists of 
professional men, it being considered 
a side line of a physician, who was 
called upon occasionally to extract an 
aching tooth. 

It was not until 1823 that Dr. 
Elijah Colby, a graduate of the medi- 
cal college at Hanover, settled in the 
east village of Concord and gave 
particular attention to this profession, 
calling himself a surgeon-dentist. He 
had no contemporaries until 1834 
when Doctor Willard came to this city. 
Doctor Willard was afterwards mayor 
and postmaster of Concord. 

As time went on several were 
added to the ranks of the - dental 
fraternity but it was not until the 
latter part of 1859 that there was 
practicing in Concord, New Hamp- 
shire's first dental college graduate, 
Dr. Eben G. Cummings, who opened 
an office in Phenix Block. Before 
this time the dentists of the state 
studied in a dentist's office, observing 
his practice. Doctor Cummings was 
the first dentist in Concord to use 
adhesive gold in rilling teeth. Dr. 
George A. Young became associated 
with Doctor Cummings and the 
partnership was continued for nearly 
twenty years when their offices were 
separated. 

The ranks of the dental profession 
have been added to continuously, 
and today their presence in the com- 
munity is regarded as a necessity, the 
people of the present age realizing 
that the care of the teeth is one of the 
most essential factors of good health, 
and they are consulted as commonly 
as the family physician. 



attending the public schools of the 
town. He then entered the dental 
office of his uncle. Dr. William Albee, 
as a student, and. later, he was at 
Bellows Foils, Vt. Doctor Albee grad- 
uated from the Philadelphia Dental 
College in the class of 1891, and in 
May of the same year commenced 
practice in Concord, and is still in 
the same office. 

He is a member of the National 
Dental Society, the Northeastern 
Dental Association, the New Hamp- 



A 






, 



\ 



\ 



I 



Dr. Edmund H. Albee 

shire Dental Society of which he was 
president in 1914, and the Concord 
District Association. He is one of 
the consulting surgeons of the Mar- 
garet Pillsbury General Hospital. 
He attends the South Congregational 
Church. Doctor Albee married Lois 
Hurd of Newport, N. H, They have 
one child, Harriet Isabella. 



Edmund H. Albee, D.D.S. 
Doctor Albee traces his ancestry 
back to Colonial and Revolution ary 
times. He is the son of Willard S. 
and Harriet (Marsh) Albee and was 
born in Charlestown, N. H. His 
youth was passed on the farm and 



Dr. John Henry Worthen 

Dentistry of the present day has 
become a science and the barbarities 
which were practiced on patients a 
few years ago have passed out of 
existence. Full}' alive to the require- 
ments of the times. Dr. John II 



The Professional Life of Concord 



227 



Wort hen, located at 15 North Main 
Street, Concord, N. II., has made this 
profession a constant study, adopting 
every improvement of modern times. 




Dr. John H. Worthed 

Doctor Wort hen was born in Holder- 
ness, N. H., April 21, 1868, and was 
educated in the public schools at 
Holderness until 1885. He graduated 
from the New Hampton (N. H.) Com- 
mercial College and School of Teleg- 
raphy in 1886. In 1896 he received 
the degree of D.D.S. at the Pennsyl- 
vania College of Dental Surgery and 
afterwards graduated from the Jen- 
kins Post-Graduate School in Porce- 
lain in 1905. He has practiced in 
Concord since 1896. In that time he 
has endeavored to apply every modern 
improvement to his profession. Doctor 
Worthen attended lectures and private 
classes on "Orthodontia" (the regula- 
tion of the teeth) in 1907 and 1908 in 
Boston under Doctor Baker, one of the 
most famous men in the profession in 
the country. 

The subject of this sketch is a 
past president of the New Hamp- 
shire State Dental Society and the 
Contoocook River Improvement So- 



ciety; has been secretary of the Con- 
cord District Dental Association since 
its organization in 1907, a charter 
member of the National Association 
of Oral Hygiene, and he is also a 
member of the National Dental As- 
sociation, the Northeastern Dental 
Association, the Dental Protective 
Association, the Anti-Vivisection 
League, Automobile Legal Associa- 
tion, National Voters' League, and 
the Blue Lodge of Masons. Doctor 
Worthen is also a justice of the peace 
and a notary public. 

On February- 4, 1S97, Doctor 
Worthen was married to Dell M. 
Moulton, a daughter of Revolution- 
ary stock, in Plymouth; N. H., and 
has one daughter, Doris Moulton 
Worthen, now a junior at St. Mary's 
School in this city. 

Dr. Louis I. Moulton 
Dr. Louis I. Moulton has an office 
in Chase Block, Room 3, located at 



- 1 



• . i 

Dr. Louis I. Moulton 

15 North Main Street and has prac- 
ticed in this city several years. He is a 
very prominent member in several 
of the leading dental societies. 



228 



The Granite Monthly 



Dr. William A. Young 
Dr. William A. Young was horn 
in Concord, September 25, 1S76, the 
son of the late Dr. George A. and Mary 




- I Dr. William A. Young 

(Cummings) Young, who came to 
Concord in 1861, where Dr. Young 
commenced the practice of dentistry 
in the office where he remained for 
forty-three years, and where his son 
is still practicing. 

: He was educated in the public 
schools of Concord, and graduated 
from the Philadelphia Dental Col- 
lege and Garretson Hospital of Oral 
Surgery in 1900. He immediately 
entered his father's office, and con- 
tinued his association with him until 
the latter was appointed postmaster 
of Concord, December 13, 1903. Since 
his father's death, November 11, 
1904, he has practiced alone. 

He joined the New Hampshire 
Dental- Society in 1900 and served 
on the Executive Committee for three 
years; was president in 1904, and is 
now treasurer, an office which he has 
held for eleven years. In 1902 he 
became a member of the Northeastern 
Dental Association, in which he has 



held several offices, and is now editor. 
He is also secretary and treasurer of 
Philadelphia Dental College Alumni 
Association of New England. Doctor 
Young was the first president of the 
Concord District Dental Association, 
is a member of the National Associa- 
tion and is one of the consulting den- 
tal surgeons of the Margaret Pillsbury 
General Hospital. 

He married, March 4, 1903, Nellie 
A. Bailev, born- in Belmont, Mass., 
March 20, 1878, daughter of Milton 
G. and the late Olive (Berry) Bailey. 

Dr. George E. Rowell 
Among those most prominently 
identified with the dental profession 
in this city is one of Concord's own 
sons, Dr. George E. Rowell, son of 
Charles P. and Lecretia (Eastman) 
Rowell, who was born in the house 
where his father has lived for half a 
century. The doctor received his 
education in the schools of Concord 



■ 



Dr. George E. Rowell 

and then attended the Philadelphia 
Dental College where he graduated 
in 1900, at which time he was vice- 
president of the Garretsonian So- 



The Professional Life of Concord 



229 



ciety. It was in the same year that he 
opened his office at 40 North Main St. 
Dr. Powell is a member of the Psi 
Omega Fraternity, Eta Chapter; was 
president of the New Hampshire State 
Dental Society in 1913; has been a 
member of the Northeastern Dental 
Association since 1906, and holds mem- 
bership in the Dental Protective As- 
sociation, and the Royal Arcanum. 

Dr. Charles L. True 
Dr. Charles L. True, son of Joseph 
F. and Marv B. True, was born in 



u 

'A I i 



W 



k 



ii ...•■.-..■..»• 



Dr. Charles L. True 

Holderness on the shores of Squam 
Lake, September 13. I860. He at- 
tended the district school of that 
town, Beede's High School at Center 
Sandwich and the New Hampton In- 
stitute. After teaching several terms 
at the town school, he began the study 
of dentistry with the late Dr. G. N. 
Johnson, continuing his studies in the 
Pennsylvania College of Dental Sur- 
gery, graduating in 1891. The fol- 
lowing fall he bought the office and 
practice of Dr. Edwin White at Tilton 
where he remained twenty years. 
While in Tilton his residence was on 
the Northneid side, where he served 



two years on the board of selectmen 
and was twice elected a member of the 
school board of Union District. In 
1899 he was elected president of the 
New Hampshire Dental Society. 
Doctor True was married, in 1.894. to 
Alida M. Cogswell of Tilton and they 
have three children. In the spring of 
1914 he bought the Chadwick estate, 
at 23 Merrimack Street, Penacook,. 
where he now resides and enjoys a 
lucrative practice with office at his 
residence. The doctor spends most 
of his vacations raising vegetables, and 
fruits at his summer home, the Shep- 
ard farm, on a southern bluff of 
Canterbury. 

Dr. Clarence J. Washburn 
Well known to local people is Dr. 
Clarence J. Washburn, located at 51 
North Main Street. He was born in 
Tunbridge, Vt., and at an early age 
his parents moved to Reading, Mass. ? 
where he received his education. 
Dr. Washburn is a pupil of Dr. Ma- 
goon of Wakefield, Mass., one of the 



^m 



. 



.M 





Dr. 


Clarence J. 


Wa^hh 


urn 


Commonwealth 


of 


Ala 


ssachusetts r 


most 


noted 


denti 


5t'S 


In 


November, 



230 



The Granite Monthly 



1901, he was registered in this state 
and in 1903 he married Miss Mary 
PL Brown of Attleboro, in the city 
of Dover, N. H. 

The doctor is a member of the 
Concord Lodge of Elks the New 
Hampshire Dental Society, the North- 
eastern Dental Association, and the 
National Dental Association. 

Drs. Lester H. and Harold C. 

Plaisted 
Dr. Harold C. Plaisted is in Con- 
cord on Monday. Tuesdav and 



if 



*m 



Dr. Harold C. Plaisted 




Dr. Lester H. Plaisted 



Wednesday of each week, while Dr. 
Lester H. Plaisted is in this city 
on Thursday, Friday and Saturday. 
Their office is in Huntwood Terrace. 

Dr. E. S. Cummings 
Though still a young man, Dr. 
E. S. Cummings is considered a 
leader in the dental fraternity in this 
city. He is well known here and 
enjoys a large practice, his office 
being in the First National Bank 
Building. 




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CAPITAL CITY BANKS 



The first bank in Concord was 
chartered over one hundred years ago, 
and its institution unfortunately led 
up to a series of business discords 
which extended over a period of 
twenty years. At the June session 
of the legislature, in 1806, a charter 
was granted for the first discount 
bank in the city, or in this part of 
New Hampshire for that matter, 
and the following were made grantees 
of the Concord Bank: Timothy 
Walker, Robert Harris, Eichard Ayer, 
John Bradley, William A. Kent and 
John Chandler of Concord; Caleb 
Stark and John Mills of Dunbarton; 
Baruch Chase and Joseph Towne of 
Hopkinton; Joseph Clough of Canter- 
bury; Joshua Darling of Henniker; 
Aquilla Davis of Warner; Ebenezer 
Peaslee and William Whittle of Salis- 
bury. The capital of the bank was 
made not less than fifty thousand 
or more than two hundred thousand 
dollars, in specie, and the charter was 
for twenty years. 

Timothy Walker was chosen moder- 
ator and William Kent clerk, of the 
grantees' organization at the first 
meeting held on July 17, 1886, at 
David George's tavern. Unfortu- 
nately the selection of officers was a 
poor one, not from a personal stand- 
point, but by reason of the fact that 
Mr. Walker represented the North 
End and Mr. Kent the South End. 
There was a strong factional feeling 
at that time between the two sections 
of the city; for Concord had been 
divided topographically by the old 
Tan Yard Brook, which crossed 
Main Street near the present junc- 
tion of North Main and Montgomery 
Streets, and the feeling between the 
residents of the two sections was 
extremely bitter. 

Mr. Kent, of course, wanted the 
bank located south of the Tan Yard 
Brook, but Mr. Walker would not 
hear to it, and when it became evi- 
dent that Mr. Walker controlled votes 
enough to swing the location of the 



bank his way, Mr. Kent and his 
followers withdrew and participated 
in no further meetings, but not with- 
out a variety of suits at law, in which 
Daniel Webster appeared as attorney 
for the dissatisfied grantees. 

The Concord Bank opened for 
business in February, 1807, in the 
home of Samuel Sparhawk, the cashier, 
with Timothy Walker as president. 
In 1808 the South End representa- 
tives opened the Concord (Lower) 
Bank with Joseph Towme as president 
and William A. Kent as cashier. 
The Concord Bank then became 
known as the "Upper Bank" and 
the rival institutions made things 
lively in Concord business for nearly 
a quarter of a century. The "Upper 
Bank," following the expiration of 
its first charter, in 1826, was renamed 
the Merrimack County Bank and 
the grantees erected at that time the 
brick building on North Main Street 
formerly used by the New Hampshire 
Historical Society as a home. In 
186b' the directors of the old institu- 
tion closed their business to avail 
themselves of the National Banking 
Act. The "Lower Bank" was forced 
to close its doors in 1840 when bank- 
ruptcy overtook it, thus it was with 
the closing of the old "Upper Bank" 
that the early and troublous history 
of banking was brought to a close. 



First National Bank 
The First National Bank, No. 318 
on the government list, was organized 
in March, 1864, with a capital of 
8100,000, the same being increased 
the next year to $150,000. The^ in- 
corporators were Asa Fowler, Enos 
Blake, William Walker, Benning W. 
Sanborn, George .A. Pillsbury and 
Moses Humphrey. The first board of 
directors consisted of seven persons 
which included the six incorporators 
and Moses Humphrey. Asa Fowler 
was elected president, and Wood- 
bridge Odlin, cashier, the latter serv- 



232 The Granite Monthly 

ing only a short time, being succeeded 
by William W. Siorrs. Its banking 



rooms at that time were located on 
the second floor of the brick block, 
immediately north of the Eagle Hotel, 
which were afterwards occupied for 
several years by the New Hampshire 



This corner is one of the historic spots 
of Concord, being in the early days the 
sight of the Garrison House of James 
Osgood and later of the famous Wig- 
gin Tavern. The bank from its or- 
ganization to the present time has- 
experienced an uninterrupted period 



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First National Bank 



Savings Bank. Here the First Na- 
tional remained until 1868 when the 
bank was moved to the brick building 
opposite the Phenix Hotel, this build- 
ing being built by the famous Con- 
cord (Lower Bank) in the early part of 
the last century. In 1892 the bank 
was moved to what was then known 
as the Statesman Building at the cor- 
ner of North Main and Depot Streets. 



of prosperity. Its growth has been 
continuous, its assets in 1864 being 
between 8100,000 and 8200,000 and 
in the present year (1915.) between 
$2,000,000 and $3,080,000. 

The executive officers of the bank, 
since the organization) have been as 
follows: Presidents:- Asa Fowler, 
George A. Pillsbury, Augustine C. 
Pierce, William M. Chase, and Wil- 



Capital City Banks 



233 



liam F. Thayer. Vice-presidents: 
William M. Chase, Frank S. Streeter, 
and William A. Stone. Cashiers: 
Woodbridge Odlin, William. W. Stuns, 
William F. Thayer, Charles G. Rem- 
ick, Charles W. Brewster, and Ed- 
ward N. Pearson. 

Assistant Cashiers: Charles G. 



'Streeter, John H. Brown, David D. 
Taylor. Edward X. Pearson, John B. 
Jameson. David E. Murphy, William 

F. Thayer. 

The National State Capital Bank. 

The State Capital Bank received its 

charter from the Xew Hampshire leg- 






?'-'-' , ~ : «o 



1 : 



s£"V 



ft 







National State Capital and Loan and Trust Banks 



Remick, William A. Stone, 
H. Foster. 

The present officers and 
directors arc as follows: W 
Thayer, president; Frank S. 
vice-president; William A 
vice-president; Edward X. 
cashier; Carl H. Foster, 
cashier. Board of Directors: 
M. Chase, Solon A. Carter, 



and Carl islature in 1852, being the fifth bank 
organized in Concord. The capital 

board of stock at first was 8100,000, which was 

llliam F. later increased to §150,000, and, still 

Streeter, later, to $200,000. 

Stone, The State Capital opened its bank- 
Pearson, ing rooms on January 26, 1853, on the 
Assistant second floor of Rumford Block. The 
William original officers were Samuel Butter- 
Frank S.' field, president; Edson Hill, cashier; 



234 



The Granite Monthly 



Samuel ButterfieUi, Enos Blake, 
Abraham Bean, Hall Roberts, Asa 
Fowler, Robert X. Corning and Eben- 
ezer Symmes, directors. 

In the month of January, 1865, the 
State Capital was reorganized under 
the national banking act, taking the 
name of the National State Capital 
Bank. The original capital was 
§100,000, which was increased in the 
same degree as was that of the State 
Capital, being, in 1872, 8200,000. 
The bank had occupied the same 
quarters as its predecessor, but in 
1804 removed to the new State Block, 
occupying rooms directly over the 
corner store. At this time the officers 
of the bank were John V. Barron, 
president, and Preston S. Smith, 
cashier. The bank continued in this 
location until 1871 when the wooden 
building- at the corner of North Main 
and Warren streets was purchased, 
and new quarters on the ground 
floor fitted up. On April 18, 1879, 
this building was destroyed by fire, 
and the bank took temporary rooms 
in Central Block, a short distance 
south. During their occupancy of 
this building, the present National 
State Capital Bank Building was 
built, and the bank occupied its new 
quarters in September, 1880. 

Since the bank was organized, the 
following well-known men have served 
as its presidents: Samuel Butterfield, 
Hall Roberts, J. V. Barron. Lewis 
Downing, Jr., L. D. Stevens, and 
Josiah E. Fernald. 

That it has been prosperous is 
shown by the statement which ap- 
pears on another page of this issue. 

The present officers and directors 
are: Josiah E. Fernald, president; 
Isaac Hill, cashier; Henry M. Bun- 
ker, assistant cashier; Benjamin C. 
White, Josiah E. Fernald, Willis D. 
Thompson, Arthur S. Brown, Harry 
G. Emmons, Harold H. Blake and 
Charles L. Jackman, directors. 

Loax and Trust Savings Bank 
The Loan and Trust Savings Bank 



was chartered in July, 1S72, and im- 
mediately organized for business with 
the following officers and trustees: 
Hon. J. A. Sargent, president; J. V. 
Barron, treasurer; Onslow Stearns, 
George G. Fogg, L. D. Stevens, J. V. 
Barron, Nathaniel White, J. E. Sar- 
gent, Lewis Downing, Jr., Calvin 
Howe, James Peverly, A. C. Pierce, 
Moses Humphrev, J. S. Norris, J. H. 
Albin, W. H. Allison, George E. Todd, 
Howard A. Dodge, trustees. 

Since its organization, the bank has 
had four presidents, Hon. J. A. Sar- 
gent, John F. Jones, Lion. John M. 
Mitchell and Henry C. Brown. The 
vice-presidents have been John V. 
Barron, Calvin Howe, J. S. Norris, 
Lewis Downing, Jr., and J. E. Fer- 
nald; and the treasurers, J. V. Bar- 
ron, George A. Fernald, John F. 
Jones, and Fred N. Ladd. Mr. Ladd, 
the present treasurer, has been con- 
nected with the bank, since 1879. 

The bank for years occupied rooms 
with the National State Capital, the 
first location being on the ground 
floor of the wooden building on the 
corner of Warren and Main Streets. 
Here it remained until April 18, 1879, 
when the building was destroyed by 
fire, compelling the two banks to take 
temporary quarters in Central Block, 
a few doors south of Warren Street. 
In the meanwhile the present State 
Capital Bank Building was built, and 
occupied in September, 1880, and 
here the Loan and Trust remained un- 
til in 1897 increasing business made 
additional rooms imperative, and the 
present quarters were fitted up for 
them. 

The bank has been prosperous ever 
since its organization, a dividend of 4 
per cent, having been paid during 
recent years. Following is the state- 
ment as of April 1, 1915. 



Liabilities 
Amount due depositors, 
Guaranty fund, 
Undivided earnings, 



$3,979,184.69 
200,000.00 
137,934.44 

§1,317,119.13 



Capital City Banks 



235 



Assets 
Loans secured by real estate, 
.Notes (personal and collateral) 
Bonds, 
Stocks, 
Real estate, 

Cash on hand and caah on de- 
posit in banks, 



$1, 476.591. S6 
505.292.34 

1,931.935.85 

307.660. (X) 

9,958.00 

85,681.08 



13 



$4,317,119 

The present officers and trustees of 
the Loan and Trust Savings Bank are 
Henry C. Brown, president; Josiah 
E. Femald, vice-president: Fred N. 
Ladd, treasurer; George R. Connell 
and Harold P. Connor, assistants; 
Howard A. Dodge, Charles H. San- 
ders, John F. Webster, Henrv C. 



1SS9 to 1S93, during which time 
E. Hi Woodman was president. James 
Minot was the first cashier, serv- 
ing until 1894, when he was suc- 
ceeded bv the present cashier. Harry 
H. Dudley. 

The bank took over the private 
banking business of Minot & Com- 
pany and commenced business with 
a capital of $100,000, which was in- 
creased to $150,000 and later to 
$200,000. The total assets of the 
bank at this time are §1,273,291.25. 

The bank started business in the 
present New Hampshire Bible Society 
rooms, but growing business made 



IT" 



sf 



s 



a4? 



Qtdm 



Mechanicks National Bank — Merrimack County Savings Bank 



Davis, Walter H. Tripp, William A. 
Foster, George . C. Preston, E. H. 
Brown and Arthur P. Morrill, trustees. 

The Mechanicks National Bank 
The Mechanicks National Bank 
Was chartered and authorized to do 
business as a national bank January 
3, 1880, the incorporators being the 
following: Josiah Minot, E. H. Rol- 
lins, B. A. Kimball, J. P. Bancroft, 
S. C. Whitcher, J. M. Hill, and John 
Kimball. Josiah Minot was the first 
president of the bank, serving one 
year. Hon. B. A. Kimball was 
elected president in January, 1881, 
and has served in that capacity since, 
with the exception of the years from 



changes necessary, and, in 188S, the 
present quarters were occupied. In 
1910, in connection with the Merri- 
mack County Savings Bank, extensive 
improvements and alterations were 
made, including a burglar- and fire- 
proof vault, new safe deposit boxes 
and other up-to-date equipment. 

The present officers and directors 
of the bank are the following: B. A. 
Kimball, president; H. W. Stevens, 
vice-president; H. H. Dudley, cashier; 
H. L. Alexander, assistant cashier; 
B. A. Kimball, H. W. Stevens, J. F. 
Webster, G. M. Kimball. F. A. Sell- 
ings, C. P. Bancroft, W. K. McFar- 
iand, E. J. Hill, A. II. Brit ton and 
E. M. Willis. 



236 



The Granite Monthly 



The Merrimack Count y 
s'aying's 1 : >ank 
The Merrimack County Savings 
Bank was established in 1870 in a 
room on School Street, which is 
now one of a suite occupied by Albhi 
<fc Sawyer. It later joined with the 
Mechanicks National Bank in fitting 
up banking rooms, which were much 



a guaranty fund and accumulated 
earnings of over 8300,000. 

The present officers and trustees 
are the following prominent Concord 
men: Frank P. Andrews, president; 
William S. Huntington,, treasurer; 
Henry W. Stevens, Willis D, Thomp- 
son. Benjamin W. Couch, Willis G. 
Buxton, Harry IT. Dudley, Joseph 



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I 



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New Hampshire Savings Bank 



improved in 1910, when the whole 
interior was changed and modern 
fixtures installed. 

Hon. Lyman D. Stevens was the 
first president; Hon. David A. Warde, 
vice-president, and Hon. John Kim- 
ball, treasurer. The first report to 
the bank commissioners showed de- 
posits of 836,917.07. The deposits 
now amount to $3,650,314.04 with 



S. Mathews, William L. Stevens, 
Henry A. Kimball and Eben M. 
Willis, trustees. 

The New Hampshire Savings Bank 
The New Hampshire Savings Bank 
w r as organized in July, 1830, with 
Samuel Green as president, Samuel 
Morrill, treasurer, and the following 
trustees: Timothv Chandler, Nathan 



Capital City Banks 



237 



Ballard, Jr., Samuel Fletcher, Francis 
N- Fisk, Samuel A. Kimball, Jonathan 
Eastman, Jr.. Nathaniel G. Lpham, 
Isaac Hill, Richard Bradley, William 
Low, Robert Ambrose, Ezekial Mor- 
rill, Hall Burgin, William Gault, 
Stephen Brown, David George, Wil- 
liam Kent and Richard Bart let t. 

The banking rooms were located 
in the old Flistorical Society Building 
but as the growth of the city extended 
southward, in 186S new quarters were 
taken over the drug store of E. H. 
Rollins, which had formerly been 
occupied by the Mechanicks Bank 
and the First National Bank. Busi- 
ness was carried on here until the 
latter part of 1886, when the Bank 
purchased the building and had it 
removed. A new building was erected 
on this site and on May 9, 18S7, the 
New Flampshire Savings Bank occu- 
pied the quarters where it is now 
located. 

The exact charter name of this 
banking institution was "The New 
Hampshire Savings Bank in Concord," 
and under this name the Bank carried 
on its business for many years. 

Seven presidents have directed the 
affairs of the bank since its organ- 
ization: Samuel Green. Joseph Low, 
Francis N. Fisk, Samuel Coffin, Jos- 
eph B. Walker, Samuel S. Kimball 
and Samuel C. Eastman, the latter of 
whom is the present head. 

The treasurers have numbered five: 
Samuel Morrill, James Moulton, Jr., 
Charles W. Sargent, William P. Fiske 
and Ernest P. Roberts, the last named 
being elected to the position on the 
decease of the late William P. Fiske 
and who is the present occupant of 
the position. 

The New Hampshire Savings Bank 
has long been known as one of the 
most prudently managed, banking 
institutions in the state and has 
always enjoyed the full confidence of 
its depositors. 

Dividend No. 1, which was paid in 
January, 1831, amounted to 817.32 
while dividend No 127, paid in Jan- 
uary, 1915, eighty-four years after the 



organization of the bank, amounted 
to 8479,010.12, at which time the 
number of depositors was 17,558. 

The present officers of the New 
Hampshire Savings Bank are Samuel 
C. Eastman, president; George M. 
Kimball, vice-president, and Ernest 
P. Robert, treasurer. The trustees 
are John C. Thome, Samuel C. East- 
man, Charles R. Walker, John P. 
George, George M. Kimball, Charles 
P. Bancroft, Harry M. Cavis, Frank 
L. Gerrish, and James 0. Lyford. 

Concord Building and Loan Asso- 
ciation 

Few people realize the important 
part the Concord Building and Loan 
Association has taken in the history 
of Concord. 

Chartered September 7, 1887. it has 
an authorized capital of 81,000,000. 

It commenced actual business Sep- 
tember 21 of that year and down to 
the present time homes to the value 
of 8039,350 have been fully paid for 
and it now has upon its books real 
estate loans amounting to 8315,150 
in process of payment, or a grand 
total at the end of twenty-eight 
years of 8954,500 invested in homes, 
nearly all of which are in the city of 
Concord. 

During this time the Concord 
Building and Loan Association has 
never lost a dollar on its loans, a very 
remarkable record. 

At the present time it has a mem- 
bership of 857 holding 6,556 shares, 
an average of 7f shares for each 
shareholder. The present real estate 
loans, amounting to 8315,150, are 
carried by 196 shareholders, an aver- 
age loan of 81,556.89 to each. 

By making regular graded pay- 
ments each month, that resemble as 
nearly as possible rent charges, the 
borrower is able to settle his account 
with the association in eleven years' 
time with an interest charge of 4.6 
per cent. 

The association enables people of 
moderate means to systematically 
lay by a small amount monthly upon. 



23S The Granite Monthly 

which they receive a good rate of time of his death on January 28, 1905, 

interest. and Frank P. Quimby, who succeeded 

Shareholders in the 44th series, re- him and who is secretary at the present 

tired January 1, realized 6.7 per cent time. 

on their investment. Nathaniel E. Martin has held the 

a ssets position of solicitor and treasurer 

Real estate loans .'. .. $315,150.00 «&& the association was organized. 

Share loans 7,100 . 00 . ^ hc ,F.f PlU , Wf ' of drrectors eon- 

n„.u ^ \,.,„a i a j.9 7ft sists ol liamilron A. Kendall, presi- 

Lasti on nana I,o4z. <0 , TT ^ V^v u v • 

; , dent; Henry E. Chamberhn, vice- 

qqoq coo -a president; Frank P. Quimbv, secretary: 

Ii\bilii[ES Nathaniel h. Martin, solicitor and 

Dues capital ' $258 464 00 treasurer; Clifton W. Drake, Hinman 

Profits :.:::::.: " 5^320 . 53 £< Bailey, Henry B^ Eaton, Fred B. 

Suspense 10' ? 9 3 Powell, Anstide L. Pelissier, William 

Notes payable'. '.'.'.* "..'.' KMXHhOO £• Chandler, Henry O. Powell, Roy 

E. George. 

§393 gg2 7Q Under the recent order of the bank 
• commissioner every book in the asso- 
Since its organization the associa- elation was presented for verifica- 
tion has had four presidents, as fol- tion and found correct. During the 
lows: Orrin F. Swain from 1887 to past four years, since the verification of 
1895, William A. Thompson from pass books in 1911 there has been an 
1895 to 1901, Seth R. Dole from 1901 increase in membership of over 150. 
to 1905, and Hamilton A. Kendall It should be the wish of all citizens 
from 1905 down to the present time, that an institution that is doing so 
There have been two secretaries, much good for the city may continue 
Frank H. Locke from 1SS7 to the long and prosper. 









**./ 



I 4 



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5.:. / 



THE BUSINESS SECTION OF CONCORD 

By James W. Tucker 



There is but one locality in the 
Capital City in which nearly all the 
citizens have a common interest and 
that is the business section. Here 
the merchant conducts his store and 
the professional man his practice, 
here the people of Concord gather in 
everyday life to transact their busi- 
ness, and on holidays the business 
section is the center of the celebration, 
if it so happens that one marks the 
occasion. The various out-of-door 
pageants, that have, from time to time, 
taken place on the thoroughfares 
that make up the business section. 



History tells us that the first 
building was erected on the street 
nearly two hundred years ago, so it 
was nearly a half century before 
Concord was chartered as a town that 
the proprietors laid out the main 
thoroughfare of the plantation of 
Rumford. The street was originally 
one hundred sixty-five feet wide and 
it extended from a point near Horse- 
shoe Pond to a point near the present 
junction of South Main and West 
streets. Upon the street abutted 
sixty-eight of the one hundred and 
three original house lots, and when 






% 



■ 




Main Street, Looking South 



have been described as ''martial, 
funeral, religious and civic." 

Under the latter classification would 
come the celebration which marks the 
occasion of the one hundred fiftieth 
anniversary of the chartering of 
Concord as a parish. The fact that 
the city has celebrated such an auspi- 
cious event, and that the formal 
exercises and other happenings of the 
occasion occurred in the business sec- 
tion of the city, recalls similar occa- 
sions of former years and the mind at 
once reverts back to the time when 
the first settlers laid out Main Street, 
where by far the greater part of the 
business section is now located. 



the settlers began to erect houses 
they were allowed to advance their 
street lines two rods, thus reducing 
the width of the street to ninety- 
nine feet, which it has since remained. 
In 172G a block house was erected 
on the main thoroughfare and twenty- 
five years later the old North Meeting 
House was erected upon the same site. 
On the site of the present court house 
or county building was erected, in 
1790, the first town house and here 
the general court often convened 
Two years later the post office was 
located at the north end of Main 
Street. After that, business houses 
began to grow in number and impor- 



210 



The Granite Monthly 



tance, two establishments of note at 
that time being the public hay scales, 
located near what is now the corner 
of Montgomery and North Main 
streets, and the town pound. In 
fact the center of the business section 
was originally located far north of 
where it is today, and since that time 
it has been moving steadily south 
until now the center of the business 
section is considered to be somewhere 
in the neighborhood of the junction 
of Warren and North Main streets. 
Many sections of Main Street have 



as it rolled down the hill just south 
of Pitman Street and across the old 
Tan Yard Brook at the bottom of the 
gully. How amazed that observer 
would be, could he stand today on the 
steps of the new Eagle Hotel and 
watch one of the luxuriously appointed 
pleasure automobiles sweep around 
that same bend and never once lose 
sight of it as it rolled noiselessly by 
a large electric car and drew up in 
front of him. If his mind could en- 
compass the fact that the smooth 
level piece of roadway was but a 



vT l 






t 



n\] 





I m ■ : 



At the Junction of Pleasant Street 



been elevated repeatedly until they 
are now from ten to twenty feet 
higher than they were when the 
street was originally laid out. Prob- 
ably the particular part of Main 
Street in which the greatest change has 
been wrought is that part of what is 
now North Main between Center 
and Pitman streets. Here there used 
to be a deep gully, so deep in fact 
that a person standing on the steps 
of the old Eagle Coffee House, watch- 
ing the stage coach as it swung into 
view around the bend in front of what 
is now the county building, would 
lose sight of the equippage entirely, 



small portion of a great highway that 
stretched from Canada to the sea, 
still greater would be his amazement. 
As a result of the foresight of their 
ancestors Concord merchants today 
are able to transact their business on 
a broad, well-located street, which 
has none of the characteristic narrow- 
ness of the business streets found in 
so many other New England towns 
and cities. Modern business blocks 
have slowly but surely taken the place 
of the older frame houses, and today 
the historic structures are practically 
all gone, the oldest building in the 
business section todav being the barn 



The Business Section of Concord 



241 



which stands in the rear of Dr. Russell 
Wilkins' home at the corner of 
Montgomery and North Main streets. 
Aside from the historic outbuilding 
the home of Doctor Wilkins is 
prominent' by reason of the fact that 
it is erected on the site where formerly 
stood the house in which the first 
child was born in this city. With 
the growth of Concord the business 
interests have been forced to spread 
from the Main Street proper to the 
several intersecting streets. 

The evolution of Concord's main 
business thoroughfare from a shaded 
Indian trail along the west bank of the 
Merrimack to a broad, smooth-paved 
street lined with substantial business 
blocks and equipped with every 
modern convenience, including street 
cars, electric lights, fire hydrants, 
etc., has consumed several generations 
of time and to the unthinking man it 
means very little. However, that 
Concord has been able to keep fully 
abreast of the times is due to the wis- 
dom and self sacrifice of those business 
leaders who have given freely of their 
time, money and knowledge to do 
their part in effecting this wonderful 
metamorphosis from trail to city 
street. The era of improvement is 
bj' no means over. Every year brings 
new projects and new problems for 
Concord leaders to work out, and 
when the necessity arises the munici- 
pality has always been able to count 
on the business man to do his part. 
Included in the following pages are 
the brief sketches of the substantial 
firms of the business section. 



David E. Murphy 
From bundle boy to department 
store owner is quite a long jump in 
the mercantile world and sounds more 
like fiction than fact, yet that is what 
may truthfully be said of the career 
of David E. Murphy, one of New 
Hampshire's most prominent dry 
goods merchants. At the age of four- 
teen years Mr. Murphy started his 
career in life with the F. B. Underbill 



dry goods firm, then located a few 
doors below the site of Mr. Murphy's 
present store. Today he is the sole 
owner of an extensive department 
store which occupies a front on Main 
Street formerly taken up by practi- 
cally four large stores. 

Probably no man has been more 
intimatel}' connected with the dry 
goods business in this city than Mr. 
Murphy. Upon the death of his first 
employer, Mr. F. B. Underbill, he 
went to work for the succeeding firm, 
Stearns-Wimphfiemer Company, and 
when the later firm sold out to F. C. 
Hard}', Mr. Murphy engaged with 
Hammond & Thurston. 

It was on May 6, 1886, twenty-nine 
years ago, that he first threw open the 
doors of his own establishment to the 
people of Concord. Since then the 
growth of his business has been steady, 
due to the high business principles and 
perseverance of the firm head. First 
one store was added, then another and 
finally another, until on Thursday, 
November S, 1906, the present beau- 
tiful store was formally opened to the 
public. Well lighted, with excellent 
ventilation, the roomy interior is 
beautifully decorated with mahogany 
show cases, counters and fittings. The 
exterior, with its large, well-decorated 
show windows is equally attractive, 
the whole forming one of the finest 
stores in the state, where one can buy 
anything from a paper of pins to a 
fine fur garment. 

Mr. Murphy is a native of Concord, 
having been born and raised in the 
old North End. He was educated in 
the schools of Concord and completed 
his studies in the college of business 
experience which has graduated more 
" captains of industry" than all the 
universities in the world. 

On April 24, 1905, Mr. Murphy 
married Katherine L. Prentis of New 
York City. Their beautiful home on 
South Street is really a country home 
in the city for it combines all of the 
delights of a rural estate with the 
modern comforts and conveniences of 
a city home and is less than two miles 



M5- 



1 

El- * ' " 

DAVID E. MURPHY 



--:^- 



The Business Section of Concord 



243 



from the State House. The Murphy 
home, known as " Nestledown,"' was 
formerly the old Wort hen homestead. 
It contains some twenty acres of land 
with a fine old brick mansion erected 
by Richard Wort-hen in 1820. 

Mr. Murphy is a member of St. 
John's Roman Catholic Church. He 
is a member of the Catholic Club of 
New York City, the Wonolaiicet Club, 
and is affiliated with the Knights of 
Columbus. In business life he is a 
director of the First National Bank, a 
trustee of the Union Trust Company 



m 



sistently advanced up the ladder of 
success in spite of many seemingly 
insurmountable obstacles. 

Mr. Salt marsh was born on July 7, 
1883, the son of William H. and Eliza- 
beth (Abbott) Saltmarsh. He at- 
tended the public schools of the city 
and graduated in 1903 from the Con- 
cord Business College. An expert 
typewriter and stenographer, it was 
little to be wondered that the proprie- 
tor of the business college found em- 
ployment for the young man in his 
art store. Here Mr. Saltmarsh re- 



• 






■ 



Interior of David E. Murphy's Store 



and a former trustee of the State In- 
dustrial School at Manchester. He 
was one of the Pierce Statue Com- 
mission, under whose auspices the 
beautiful bronze and granite memo- 
rial to New Hampshire's only presi- 
dent was erected in front of the State 
House and was marshal of the day at 
the dedication of the same. 

Bkown & Saltmarsh 
The art and stationery store of 
Brown & Saltmarsh, at 86 North 
Main Street, one of the leading busi- 
ness houses of the street, is now owned 
by William A. Saltmarsh, a Concord 
boy, born and bred, who has per- 



mained for six years, learning the type- 
writing repairing business and acting 
as head clerk of the establishment. 

In October, 1910, Mr. Saltmarsh, 
in partnership with William W. Brown, 
started an art and stationery store 
at 86 North Main Street, which place 
had been occupied for years by the 
Frank P. Mace Bookstore. From a 
small beginning the business soon 
assumed broad proportions, and when 
Mr. Brown decided to retire from 
the partnership to take up an en- 
tirely different branch of business, 
Mr. Saltmarsh bought his partner's 
share, the trade being consumated 
on November 5 of last year. As sole 



244 



The Granite Monthly 



owner, Mr. Saltmarsh has not de- 
viated from the high business princi- 
ples which have brought the concern 
to its present rank among the busi- 
ness interests of Concord. 

In the store, conveniently arranged 
and attractively displayed, may be 
found the best in art goods, stationery, 
and office supplies. A fine line of 
typewriters and typewriter supplies 
is also carried and the framing de- 
partment is one of the largest in the 
state. Over 3.000 frames were eon- 




William Saltmarsh 

structed last year and, during the 
past five years, picture frames have 
been shipped from the store into al- 
most every state in the Union, as 
well as to numerous foreign countries. 
This year the framing business will 
be even greater than it was in 1914. 
The store is well lighted, well venti- 
lated and the attractive arrangement 
of the art goods has made a beautiful 
interior. 

Mr. Saltmarsh has surrounded him- 
self with courteous and competent 
assistants and is always glad of an 
opportunity to serve the public to 
the best of his ability, and that the 



public has always been pleased with 
the quality of service rendered is 
evidenced by the wonderful growth of 
the business of the concern in the 
past five years. 

W. H. Dfxlap <fc Company 
One of the best-known drug firms in 
Concord is that conducted by Mr. 
William H. Dunlap at 99 North Main 
Street. This business was started on 
August 29, 18S9, at 117 North Main 
Street, the proprietors at that time 
being Mr. Dunlap and Roland A. 
Jeffers. It was continued at that lo- 
cation until January 1, 1895, when 
it was removed to the present loca- 



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lm 









Store of W. H. Dunlap 

tion. Mr. Jeffers remained with 
the firm until March S, 1912, when 
he retired to enter the real estate 
business after 23 years of business 
association with Mr. Dunlap. 

The store has connected with it 
an Eastman Kodak agency arid a 
photographic department which in- 
cludes an up-to-date developing, print- 
ing and enlarging plant, carried on 
by Walter E. Dunlap, son of the 
proprietor, and a young man whose 
intimate knowledge of the business- 
has brought him a large business 
from all over the state. Air. William 
H. Dunlap has been connected with 
the drug business in this city for the 
past thirty-seven years, and is highly 
appreciative of the generous patron- 
age which has been extended to him. 



The Business Section of Concord 



21. 



A. H. Knowlton <fe Company 
By G. Arthur Foster. 

On April 1, 1893, William E. Baker, 
a clerk in the drug store of C. H. 
Martin & Company, and Arthur H. 
Knowlton, employed by Underbill & 
Kittredge, druggists, became partners 
and, under the name of Baker & 
Knowlton, entered the drug business 
at 34 Pleasant Street, 

This firm was successful from the 
start, and continued until October 



the latter entering the art publishing 
business with a local firm. 

Mr. Charles E. Pike of Boston was 
made manager of the store and con- 
tinued in that capacity until the 
earl}* part of the present year, when 
the store was purchased by a corpora- 
tion, the officers and members of which 
which are the following: Dr. F. W. 
Grafton, president; A. H. Knowlton, 
treasurer and manager; James P. 
Forsyth, secretary; Charles E. Pike 
and Dr. W. P. Beauclerk. 



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Interior of "The Knowlton 



23, 1899, when failing health forced 
Mr. Baker to retire, his interest in the 
business being purchased by Herman 
E. Jewell, who became a silent partner, 
the firm name being changed to A. H. 
Knowlton & Company. The store 
was called Knowlton's Pharmacy. 

On June 1, 1903, Mr. John E. 
Thompson, who was connected with 
John Wyeth & Brother, a wholesale 
drug firm of New York, purchased the 
interest of Mr. Jewell and two years 
later bought Mr. Knowlton's interest, 



This corporation, under the name 
of A. H. Knowlton & Company as- 
sumed charge of Knowlton's Pharm- 
acy and, on April 17, opened a new 
store, "The Knowlton," a specialty 
drug store, at 16 North Main Street. 
The latter is entirely fitted through- 
out with new and modern fixtures, as 
well as a magnificent fountain, and 
is a welcome addition to Concord's 
up-to-date stores. 

'Mr. Pike, of the firm, is the New 
England representative of the manu- 



246 



The Granite Monthly 



facturers of the fountain and fixtures, 
and The Know! ton serves as a most 
favorable show room for them, several 
having already been sold in this sec- 
tion. This store is one of the very 
finest in New England and should be 
inspected by everyone visiting Con- 
cord. 

LINCOLN'S 

The furniture store of George L. 
Lincoln & Company was opened at 
26 Pleasant Street on September 1, 
1901, the firm consisting of George L. 
Lincoln and J. Henry Drake. In 
1903 Mr. Lincoln purchased his part- 
ner's interest and conducted the 
business alone until January 1, 1914, 
when Ernest S. Chase of New Bed- 
ford, Mass., entered the firm as 
manager and the company was incor- 
porated with the following officers: 
George L. Lincoln, president and 
treasurer; H. W. Lincoln, vice-presi- 
dent, and E. S. Chase, secretary. 

From the beginning there has been 
a constant growth in the business, 



I 



George L. Lincoln 



making it necessary to acquire more 
space as new departments were added, 
occupies the three 



floors and basement at 26 Pleasant 
Street, the top floor at No. 28 and a 
large basement in Odd Fellows Block. 











1 




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The store now 



Ernest S. Chase 

The constant aim of this progressive 
house has been to give the greatest 
possible value for the price charged 
and attend promptly to the desires of 
patrons. Whatever one may desire 
for the home in furniture, rugs, 
draperies, ranges, crockery and wall 
paper may be found here. It is sig- 
nificant that the firm was the first in 
Concord to use an auto-truck for 
delivery purposes. 

Mr. Lincoln, the founder of the 
business, was born in Concord, Jan- 
uary 13, 1857. After learning the 
upholstery trade he established a 
business in company with the late 
W. J. Fernald. Upon his partner's 
death he moved to Spring Street, con- 
tinuing there until 1889, when he sold 
his business to J. Stewart & Sons Com- 
pany, and took charge of a depart- 
ment in that firm. Here he remained 
until he started the present business. 

Mr. Lincoln is a member of the 
Wonolancet Club and Concord Board 
of Trade, 



The Business Sectio/i of Concord 



247 



Ernest S. Chase, the manager, was 
born in Haverhill. Mass., on February 
4, 1879. He entered the furniture 
business at the age of fifteen as a 
salesman and in 1901 entered the 
wholesale business as a salesman for a 
western manufacturer, visiting the 
trade in northern New England. 
Later he returned to the retail busi- 
ness with a large furniture house in 
New Bedford, Mass., where he re- 
mained for six years. Since entering 
the local firm in 1914 he has been 
actively interested in the business 
affairs of the city. Mr. Chase is a 
member of the YVonolancet and Uni- 
tarian Clubs, White Mountain Lodge, 
I. 0. 0. F., and Concord Board of 
Trade. 

A. Perley Fitch 

One of the oldest and best known 
wholesale and retail drug firms in the 
state is that of A. Perley Fitch Com- 
pany at 24 North Main Street. The 
growth of Mr. Fitch's business has 
extended over a period of fifty-four 
years, and that it has not yet stopped 
its steady increase is an indication of 
the size of the business today and a 
rare tribute to the business judgment 
and sagacity of the firm head. 

In 1857, fifty-eight years ago, A. 
Perley Fitch entered the employ of 
the old firm of Allison & Eastman, 
with whom he remained for four years, 
having previously been engaged in the 
same business at Lebanon for over a 
year. Leaving Allison & Eastman in 
1861, he entered the firm of Fitch 
& Undcrhill, with which he was con- 
nected for over four years. In 1874 
he became junior member of the firm 
of Eastman & Fitch, the place of 
business occupying the store now used 
by the Capital Hardware Company. 
It was in 1875 that the firm of East- 
man & Fitch moved to 24 North 
Main Street, the present location of 
the business, and seven years after- 
wards, in 1882, Mr. Fitch bought out 
his partner, and, until February, 1914, 
conducted the business under his own 
name. 

At that time the A. Perley Fitch 



Company was incorporated, under the 
laws of the state, with Mr. Fitch as 
president; George P. Wilder, treas- 
urer and manager; Nelson H. Murray 
and Mrs. Annie A. Fitch, directors, 
and Benjamin W. Couch, clerk. 
The rapid growth of the business 
since the formation of the corpora- 
tion has been furthered in no little 
degree by the keen foresight and busi- 
ness judgment of the manager, Mr. 
Wilder. 

The drug store is a beautiful modern 
place of business, carrying a large line 



/ 



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^ 



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/ 



A. Perley Fitch 

of goods and is in charge of Nelson A. 
Murray, a director of the corpora- 
tion. Six registered and eighteen un- 
registered clerks are under Mr. 
Murray. Two years ago Mr. Fitch 
leased the Optima Building, where 
the nationally known Fitchmui reme- 
dies are manufactured in fine modern 
laboratories. Fitchmui is an emul- 
sion for diseases of the mucous mem- 
branes, universally recommended and 
prescribed by physicians at home and 
abroad. 

Mr. Fitch was born in En field, 
N. H., October 24, 1842, and was ed- 
ucated in the public schools of Enfield, 



248 



The Granite Monthly 



Hanover and Lebanon. He is a char- 
ter member of the Wonoiancet Club 
and is general manager of the Wood- 
sum Steamboat Company, which op- 
erates five steamboats on Lake Suna- 
pee. Lie is still actively connected 
with the drug business, in spite of his 
seventy-three years, and nearly every 
day finds him busily engaged in look- 
ing after the interests of either the re- 
tail or wholesale business. 



W. L. FlCKETT & 

Weston L. Fickett 
the jewelry firm of W 



Company. 

propietor of 
L. Fickett & 



J 



W. L. Fickett 

Company, 38 North Main Street, 
was born in Errol, N. H., July 17, 
1889, receiving his education in the 
public schools of Colebrook, N. H. 
In 1890 he entered the employ of 
J. M. Kimball of Lancaster, X. H., 
one of the leading jewelers of the 
northern part of the state. For the 
past twenty-two years he has been 
identified with the jewelry business 
of Concord, entering business for 
himself at 38 North Main Street, 
July 1, 1911. 



Mr. Fickett was fortunate in secur- 
ing such a favorable location and 
spared no pains in fitting up one of 
the most modern jewelry stores in 
the state, and has enjoyed a generous 
and increasing patronage from the 
first. 

Among the lines of goods featured 
are William B. Durgin's sterling silver, 
Hawkes' cut glass, Waltham and Ham- 
ilton watches, Hampshire pottery and 
Rump leather goods. 

Putnam's Drug Store 
One of the best located and finest 
equipped drug stores in Concord is 
that owned and managed by Ernest 
L. Putnam, at 2 North Main Street. 
Although he gained some small exper- 
ience in the business as a boy in 
Lowell, the city of his birth, Mr. 
Putnam really learned the business 
in this city with the firm of George 
A. Berry & Company. In 1902, 
after six years with the firm, Mr. 
Putnam located in North Woodstock 
as the propietor of the drug store 
in that town. 






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Ernest L. Putnam 



Last February he purchased 
local drug store owned by Dr. Ch 



the 
arles 



The Business Section of Concord 



249 



W. Nutter of Salmon Falls, and has 
located with his family in this cita- 
to give the Concord business his. own 
personal supervision. He still owns 
the business in North Woodstock, 
however. Thirteen years of success 
in the North Country has given Mr. 
Putnam a wide knowledge of the drug- 
business, which he has applied to the 
local store with the result that there 
has been a steady increase in trade. 

Recently Postal Station No. 1 
was moved to Putnam's from the 
Monitor office. 

The concern specializes in Rexall 
Remedies, being one of the 7,000 
agents that the Rexall Company has 
in the various cities and towns 
throughout the land. 

Edsox C. Eastman 
One of the especially noteworthy 
business landmarks of Concord is the 
well-known book, stationery and pub- 
lishing house of Edson C. Eastman 
at 120 North Main Street, which was 
founded in the first half of this cen- 
tury and came into the possession of 
the late Mr. Eastman in 1S57 and 
was conducted by him with unin- 
terrupted success for over fifty years. 
It is one of the leading and best-known 
establishments of its kind in the entire 



This wide business connection came 
about largely through the many pub- 
lications of this house. Mr. Eastman 



A 4 ^ ■ ■■ 



n 



Exterior of E. C. Eastman's Store 

state and has business relations with 
most of the prominent book houses 
of the United States. 




The Late Edson C. Eastman 

published all the law books of New 
Hampshire for many years and also 
Leavitt's Farmers' Almanac, which is 
so popular throughout New England. 

This is a first-class stationery and 
book store, carrying a full line of 
blank books, office stationery, fine 
stationery, magazines, all the latest 
books, and everything usually found 
in a store of this kind. 

Mr. Eastman's long business career 
and prominence attained through his 
publications brought him in contact 
with most of the prominent men of 
the state, among whom he was highly 
esteemed. In his own city and his 
own neighborhood he was held in 
equally high regard, and he was num- 
bered as one of Concord's leading 
business men and first citizens. 

Mr. Eastman was president of the 
Eastman Family Association for many 
years. The Eastman family were 
among the first settlers of this section. 



3 50 



THOMPSON & HOAGUE COMPANY 




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Iron and Steel Warehouse 



The Business Section of Concord 



251 



Thompson & Hoague Company 

The hardware business of Thomp- 
son & Hoague Company, at 42 North 
Main Street is one of the oldest in this 
city, for its institution dates back to 
the early '50s. This firm is not 
known to Concord and this vicinty 
alone, for it conducts an extensive 
wholesale business which extends to 
the remote corners of this state and 
even out-side the boundaries of New 
Hampshire and into the adjacent 
states of New England. Few Con- 



is the iron and steel warehouse, all 
three buildings being shown in the 
accompanying engraving. 

The business was originally started 
by Gustavus Walker and David A. 
Warde in the same store where it is 
now located. The first firm had been 
in business but a few years when Mr. 
Walker bought out his partner and, 
later, sold the business to Mr. Willis 
D. Thompson and Mr. T. C. Bethune. 
The firm of Thompson & Bethune was 
started in 18S3 and two years after- 



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Thompson & Hoague's Store 



cord people, even though they patron- 
ize the retail branch of the company, 
are aware of the large wholesale, agri- 
cultural and gas engine business t hat- 
it carries on. 

In the commodious retail store one 
finds a large stock of the best hard- 
ware that the firm can procure from 
the manufacturers. Everything car- 
ried by an up-to-date hardware com- 
pany can be found on the counters and 
shelves, including a fine line of sport- 
ing goods and automobile hardware. 
In the rear of the retail store is lo- 
cated the large agricultural ware- 
house and in Railroad Square, a short 
distance southeast of this building, 



wards Mr. Bethune retired. For 
several years Mr. Thompson con- 
ducted the business alone, adding the 
wholesale business when he pur- 
chased the Depot Iron Store of Walker 
& Ladd in 1890. That same year Mr. 
Edward C. Hoague entered the firm, 
which became Thompson & Hoague, 
and in 1904 was incorporated as the 
Thompson & Hoague Company. Mr. 
Hoague had been previously identified 
with the local haadware firm of Hum- 
phrey & Dodge. 

In 1912 the fine agricultural ware- 
house was added to the equipment, 
and here are stored every variety of 
agricultural implements, engines and 



The Granite Monthly 



electrical lighting plants. This branch 
of the business is under the di- 
rect supervision of Mr. S. W. Baker. 
The steady increase in the growth of 
the business may be wholly attributed 
to the high business principles which 
have been in vogue since its begin- 
ning over sixty years ago. 

The Woman's Shop 
"The Woman's Shop, " at 87 North 
Main Street, is a specialty store which 
caters, as the name suggests, to the 



date business methods that are in 
vogue there. 

The store is conveniently located in 
the heart of the business district and 
but a few doors above School Street. 
The interior is most attractive and 
homelike. Large, glass-covered and 
dust-proof garment cases line the 
walls and all of the woodwork is 
enameled pure white. The floor is 
covered with large green velvet rugs 
and the lighting system is nearly 
perfect. In. the rear are the com- 






M 



I 



Interior of the Woman's Shop 



women of the Capital City. The 
aim of the proprietors is to guarantee 
absolute satisfaction to every cus- 
tomer in order that the trade of that 
customer may be held indefinitely 
and. for this reason, " satisfaction 
guaranteed" has come to be a sort of 
business motto for the firm. 

Although the doors of this high- 
class establishment were first thrown 
open to the general public but a few 
months ago. March 4 to be exact, yet 
nearl}' every woman in Concord has 
made it a point to visit the store and 
become acquainted with the up-to- 



modious fitting rooms and the altera- 
tion department. 

The proprietors, Mrs. Gertrude 
Chilton and Mr. Eugene Pinson- 
neault, were both formerly connected 
with the Manchester firm of L. P. 
LaBonte. Mrs. Chilton has had 
eighteen years' experience in the 
ladies' outfitting business, being as- 
sociated with the LaBonte house 
during that entire period. Mr. Pin- 
sonneault was also connected with 
the Manchester firm for eight years 
and knows every detail of the ladies' 
outfitting business. 



The Business Section of Concord 



253 



« 



Interior of Harry G. Emmons' vStore 



Harry G. Emmons 
Showing the north section of the 
street floor as you enter this establish- 
ment from the broad Main Street en- 
trance. The stairway at the left of 
the picture is the entrance to the large 
and spacious Garment section, winch 
is the latest addition to this constantly 
.growing store. 

The broad aisles — the perfect light- 
ing and ventilation systems, and the 
most modern conveniences for mer- 
chandising are factors taken in con- 
junction with the high qualities and 
broad varieties of merchandise that 
have brought this establishment up 
"to the high standard of efficiency in 
catering to the wearable needs of 
every woman in search of the best — 
yet at moderate prices. 

N. C. Xelson & Company 
Probably the oldest jewelry store 
in the city is the N. C. Xelson & Com- 
pany, which was started by the late 
X. C. Xelson forty-three years ago, 
in a small room in State Block. The 
Jocation of the store was soon changed 
to the Wm. B. Durgin Block and in 
1887, after Charles H. Sinclair was 
made a member of the firm of X. C. 
Xelson & Company, new headquarters 



were taken for a short time on School 
Street, the business soon outgrow- 
ing them, which necessitated their 
removal to the present location at 
25 Xorth Main Street. Since the 



/ 



Charles H. Sinclair 

death of Mr. Xelson, in 1909, the 
firm has been owned and managed 
by Charles H„ Sinclair, who was born 
in Concord in 1859 and educated in 



254 



The Granite Monthly 



the public schools. Previous to his 
entering the jewelry business, Mr. 
Sinclair had been in the employ of the 
Win. B. Durgin Company for seven 
years. He is very prominent, in 
fraternal circles, being at present the 
grand senior warden in the Grand 
Commandery of the Knights Templar 
of New Hampshire, a Mason and a 
Shriner, a member of the Odd Fellows 
and a charter member of the Concord 
Lodge of Elks. In politics he is a 
Republican and represented his ward 
in the general court at the sessions 
of 1911 and 1913. 

The United Life and Accident 
Insurance Company 
One of the greatest acquisitions to 
Concord in many years, from a busi- 
ness viewpoint, is the United Life and 
Accident Insurance Company, a half- 
million-dollar institution, chartered by 
the New Hampshire Legislature of 

1913. The company has purchased, 
and now occupies the old Abbott man- 
sion on South Main Street, which it 
has transformed into a large and well 
equipped office building, where the 
rapidly increasing business of the com- 
pany is administered. 

The beneficial effects of such an insti- 
tution on the municipality are great, for 
aside from the fact that it gives desir- 
able employment to a large number of 
local people, the name " Concord, X. 
H./' is being spread into every city, 
town and remote hamlet of the state, 
and out into the United States through 
the agency of the company, which in 
itself is a wonderful means of publicity 
for the Capital City. 

The company was organized and 
authorized to do business in the state 
by the Insurance Department in July, 

1914, and last February the first re- 
port for business to December 31, 
1914, was published. In order to 
show that the company is doing busi- 
ness on a very sound financial basis 
the following synopsis of the report is 
given: Admitted assets are as follows: 
bonds owned, S386, 936.00; mortgage 
loans on real estate, first liens, $183,- 



330.00; cash in banks and office, $17,- 
240.94; interest due and accrued 
$8,993.20; net premiums in the proc- 
ess of collection, $1,016.60; other 
assets, $117.04. The liabilities are: 
policy reserves, $3,762.00; taxes and 
expenses due and accrued, $S16.14; 
liabilities for partial payment sub- 
scriptions to stock. $61,513.23; other 
liabilities, $6.13'; surplus to policy 
holders' capital, $310,000.00; surplus 
$240,566.28. At the annual meeting 
held last February the capital stock 
was increased $30,000.00, making the 
present total, $340,000.00. 

Another interesting feature of the 
annual meeting was the report of S. 
W. Jameson, vice-president and gen- 
eral manager, which showed that the 
company's business was expanding in 
a most gratifying manner. Until 
January 1, the only business done by 
the company was in the state of New 
Hampshire. Since that time it has 
entered the states of Maine, Pennsyl- 
vania, Kansas, North Carolina, Ten- 
nessee, Georgia, Vermont, and will 
apply to the other states as rapidly as 
it is possible to secure proper agency 
supervision. 

The annual report of the company 
to the Insurance Department shows 
that it has purchased and owns first 
bonds and first mortgages on im- 
proved real estate amounting to over 
one-half million dollars, and today 
the company has nearly $700,000 in- 
vested in these securities. 

That the people of New Hampshire 
appreciate an opportunity to do busi- 
ness with a home company is evi- 
denced by the fact that application for 
insurance are now being received from 
the citizens of this state at the rate of 
one million dollars annually. New 
Hampshire people carry life insurance 
amounting to $75,000,000 and are 
paying $3,000,000 annually in pre- 
miums which all goes to companies out 
of the state, but the above fact shows 
that, since a New Hampshire com- 
pany wag organized, the ''keep your 
money at home 57 slogan has been 
applied to principles of insurance. 



The Business Section of Concord 



The following- list of officers and 
directors is sufficient guarantee of the 
good faith and financial ability of the 
company: president, Hon. Clarence 
E. Carr of Andover; vice-president, 
S. W. Jameson; secretary, Allen 
Hollis; treasurer, John B. Jameson; 
assistant treasurer, Charles L. Jack- 
man; medical director, Dr. F. A. 
Stuffings; directors, Col. Walter R. 
Porter, Keene; Hon. Eugene E. Reed, 
Manchester; Governor Holland H. 
Spaulding of Rochester; Allen Hollis 
of Concord; Edson J. Hill of Concord; 
J. Duncan Uphani of Claremont; 
Hon. Clarence E. Carr of Andover; 
S. W. Jameson of Concord; John B. 
Jameson of Antrim; F. A. Stillings of 
Concord; Charles L. Jackman of 
Concord; David A. Gregg of Nashua; 
Henry W. Keyes of North Haverhill; 
Hon. Edward N. Pearson of Concord, 
and Charles E. Tilton of Tilton. 

Kexdall & Foster 
The firm of Kendall & Foster, 
funeral directors, is made up of two 



Foster. It is peculiar that these men 
should have originated in two small 



Hamilton Kendall 



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Carlos H. Foster 





highly respected citizens, Mr. Ham- 
ilton A. Kendall and Mr. Carlos H. 



k 



towns of Vermont, situated only a 
few miles from each other, and then, 
after many years, have engaged in 
partnership with each other, but 
nevertheless that is the fact. 

Mr. Kendall's boyhood home was 
Derby Line, Vt., a little town not 
far from the Canadian border. He 
came to Concord from Attleboro, 
Mass., in November, 1887, and bought 
out the undertaking firm of A. C. 
Fisher, then situated at 6 Warren 
Street. In October, 18S9, Mr. Ken- 
dall formed a partnership with Joseph 
Lane, at that time buying out the 
business of the late George L. Lovejov, 
at 14 Pleasant Street." When Mr. 
Lane died in March, 1897, Mr. Ken- 
dall took Mr. Frank Dame into the 
business with him and, following the 
death of the latter, Mr. Carlos H. 
Foster entered into partnership with 
Mr. Kendall, in 1905. In 1900 the 
place of business was moved from 14 
to 18 Pleasant Street, where it has 
been located ever since. 

Mr. Kendall was a representative 



256 



The Granite Monthly 



in the New Hampshire legislature of 
1913 and is president- of the Concord 

Building; and Loan Association. He 
is an Odd Fellow and a Mason and 
is affiliated with the Sons of Veterans. 

Mr. Carlos H. Foster, the junior 
member of the firm, was born in 
Newport, Vt., and had been in the 
undertaking business for ten years 
before selling out, and leaving Peter- 
borough in IV) 05, to enter partner- 
ship with Mr. Kendall, bince coming 
to Concord he has been identified 
with many movements of a civic na- 
ture and represents the New Hamp- 
shire Embalmers Association on the 
State Examining Board of Licensed 
Embalmers. He belongs to the 
Masons and Odd Fellows and also 
to the Sons of Veterans. 

The establishment of Kendall & 
Foster is large, well-ventilated and 
light, wholly without the gloomy 
aspect so common in similar con- 
cerns and both gentlemen have estab- 
lished a high reputation in their 
business. 

H. G. Fletcher 
One of the successful and up-to-date 
specialty stores in the city is that 
owned and managed by H. G. Fletcher 




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'•; 



Exterior of If. G. Fletcher's Store 

at 9G North Main Street. Mr. 
Fletcher specializes in ladies' furnish- 
ings and millinery, and his stock is so 
extensive that Lady Godiva could 
have ridden into the store and come 
out dressed in the prevailing mode of 



the twentieth century. The stock is 
not only extensive, but it is the best- 
that Mr. Fletcher can buy, for the 
proprietor has always known that a 
satisfied customer was the best kind 
of an advertisement. 

Mr. H. G. Fletcher was born in 
Vermont, but his younger days were 
spent in Manchester where he learned 
the ladies' furnishing business in the 
store of his father, C. B. Fletcher. In 
1S97 the young man came to this city 
and started in business at 138 North 
Main Street, a little store opposite the 
Opera House, carrying millinery and 
hair goods. In five years' time the 
business had far outgrown the quar- 
ters and Mr. Fletcher leased the store 
at 96 North Alain, which was for- 
merly occupied by the W. J. Ahern 
Clothing Store. 

Since 1902 he has been in this store, 
although there have been several al- 
terations to the interior for the pur- 
pose of making room for growth and 
the addition of new lines. In the main 
store one finds corsets, shirtwaists, 
hosiery, gloves, and underwear, while 
the rear store is devoted exclusively 
to the suit, coat, dress and millinery 
department, with the hair goods room 
in the extreme rear. The work and 
frame rooms are located in the base- 
ment, making a complete and model 
establishment. 



Louis A. Lane & Company 
The undertaking firm of Louis A. 
Lcme & Company at 17 Warren Street 
is made up of two genial and well- 
known citizens, Mr. Louis A. Lane 
and Hiram G. Kilkenny. 

Mr. Lane was born in Concord on 
August 23, 1863, the son of Joseph 
H. and Ann (Allison) Lane. He was 
educated in the public schools of that 
city, graduating from Concord High 
School in the class of 1882, and im- 
mediately afterwards entered the em- 
ploy of the National State Capital 
Bank. While in the employ of the 
bank Mr. Lane was appointed private 
secretary to Charlemagne Tower, at 



The Business Section of Concord 



Oi 



that time a well-known multi-mil- 
lionaire of Philadelphia. Upon the 
death of bis employer, ^ r - Lane re- 
turned to this city and accepted a 
position with J. C. Norris & Company, 
as a bookkeeper. Here he remained 
until he was obliged to relinquish his 
position and give up all work for a 
period of two years on account of poor 
health. Meantime he graduated from 
the United States School of Embalm- 
ing of Xpw York; the Xew England 
Institute of Anatomy, Sanitary Sci- 
ence and Embalming, and the Massa- 
chusetts College of Embalming. 

In September, 1897, Mr. Lane, who 
had previously assisted his father in 
the undertaking business, opened one 
of the finest equipped undertaking es- 
tablishments north of Boston. It was 
in his place of business that the New 
Hampshire Licensed Embalmers' As- 
sociation was formed, and it is a 
significant fact that Mr. Lane was 
the first man to take an examination 
for a state license. In 1905 he formed 
a partnership with Leonard Mudgett 
and, upon the death of the latter, 




Louis A. Lane 



took into the business as an equal 
partner, Hiram G. Kilkenny of Cam- 
bridge, Mass. The firm has now been 
in existence for six vears. 



Mr. Lane married Harriett Lay- 
cock, a sister of Dean Laycock of 
Dartmouth College, in December, 
1897. Thev have one son and one 



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Hiraxn G. Kilkenny 



daughter. He is a member of Blazing 
Star Lodge of Masons, Llorace Chase 
Council and Roval Arch Chapter, 
A. F. & A. M."; White Mountain 
Lodge of Odd Fellows and Concord 
Lodge, No. 8, Knights of Pythias. 

The other partner in the business, 
Mr. Hiram G. Kilkenny, was born in 
Freeman, Me., September 16, 1861, 
the son of Llovey L. and Achsa 
(Brackley) Kilkenny. He was ed- 
ucated in the public schools and 
graduated from New Portland High 
school in 1879. 

Mr. Kilkenny commenced, business 
with the G. W. Twing Leather Com- 
pany of Farmington, Me., going to 
Lowell, Mass.. in 1883, where he was 
employed by the American Tea Com- 
pany as a traveling salesman. When 
this firm was purchased by the Dixon 
Brothers he remained in his position, 
becoming a member of the firm after 
twelve years, and staying in the busi- 
ness as a member of the firm for eight 
years longer. In 1903 he entered 
the stable and touring business with 
Harry Turtle of Concord, Mass., 



25S 



The Granite Man tidy 



and in 1907 sold out his interest to 
Mr. "Tuttle, purchasing the George 
D. Merrill Livery and Boarding 
Stable in Cambridge, where he re- 
mained until he sold out in 1909 for 
the purpose of coming to Concord to 
form a partnership with Mr. Louis A. 
Lane in the undertaking and embalm- 
ing business. 

Mr. Kilkenny is a graduate of the 
New England Institute of Anatomy 
and Embalming. He is a member of 
Blazing Star Lodge, A. F. & A. M.; 
Rumford Lodge of Odd Fellows; 
Concord Lodge, K. of P.; Capital 
Grange, and is the present Exalted 
Ruler of Concord Lodge, No. 1210, 
B. P. O. E. In 1884 Mr. Kilkenny 
married Caroline Minnie Lawrence 
and the}' have one son and two daugh- 
ters. 

G. Nardini & Sox 

No men engaged in their line of 
business in New Hampshire are better 
known than G. Nardini & Son, res- 



in answer to an inquiry as to the loca- 
tion of a certain office or store, the 
stranger is usually informed that it is 
either above, below or across the 



■,■■■•■ . -. 



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".: v\ 



Nardmi's Lunch 



|-.>-~r-.; 



G. Nardini 



taurateurs, caterers and bakers. In 
the Capital City, "Nardini V' is the 
general landmark used in directing 
strangers about the Main Street and 



street from Nardini's, and as the case 
may be. Situated but a few doors 
above Pleasant Street junction on 
the east side of North Main Street 
and patronized by everyone, rich and 
poor alike, it is little wonder that the 
restaurant has gained such wide 
popularity. The reputation of the 
place has spread far beyond the city- 
limits and " Nardini V is known all 
over the state. 

Giuseppe Nardini was born in 
Barga, Province of Lucca, Tuscany, 
Italy, in 1862, and at the age of fifteen 
years, when but a mere boy, left his 
home to earn his own living. He 
journeyed to England and remained 
there until he was twenty-one years 
of age, when he came to America and 
traveled through nineteen states of 
the Union. He engaged in business 
in New York and in Boston, finally 
coming to Concord where he has re- 
mained ever since. When he first 
came to this city Mr. Nardini took up 
the fruit business, as proprietor of the 
Boston Fruit Company, but he later 
sold out to the present owners and 



The Business Section of Concord 



259 



started the restaurant business in 
which he has been so successful. In 
1S93 he established his first restaurant 
on Pleasant Street junction and in 
1905 moved to his present location. 

Mr. Nardini's son, Frank, is a 
partner in the business and actively 
engaged in its management. The 
younger Xardini was bonrin Charles- 
town, Mass., in 1888, and received 
his college preparatory education at 
Brewster Academy. He afterwards 
entered Dartmouth and later trans- 
ferred to Colby, making great repu- 
tation for himself at all these institu- 
tions as a track athlete of wonderful 
ability. Mr. Nardini was one of the 
best college sprinters in New England 
and, after leaving college, developed 
considerable ability as a coach of track 
athletics. 

The Nardinis, father and son, have 
achieved an enviable reputation as 
restaurateurs and their place of busi- 
ness is a model of cleanliness. With 
the well-equipped lunch counter on 
the first floor and the fine dining room 
on the second, the firm is able to 
accommodate 3,200 people in a day. 

George L. Harkins 
Much attention is paid nowadays 
to work along forestry lines and in 
George L. Harkins, the city has a 
specialist in this branch of work, for 
Mr. Harkins understands all phases 
of the business including the care of 
trees, the development of orchards 
and the use of dynamite in orcharding. 
Mr. Harkins represents the du Pont 
Powder Company in the central sec- 
tion of New Hampshire, and is always 
willing to give advice on the employ- 
ment of this wonder-working agent in 
farming and orcharding. 

As the eastern representative of 
that nationally known forestry con- 
cern of Munson k Whittaker, Mr. 
Harkins was sent to this state in 1908 
with a crew of fifty men to rid New 
Hampshire's shade trees of the gypsy 
and brown-tail moths. Previous to 
that. time he had been employed for 
four years with the same firm in 



Boston, New York and Chicago. He 
worked on the state contract in forty- 
six New Hampshire towns and cities, 
leaving here after the work was 
satisfactorily completed to go to 
Indianapolis. Here he worked on the 
trees of Frank Van Camp's estate, 
also doing park work for the Indian- 
apolis water board. 

After six months of work in Indian- 
apolis he went to Meadville, Pa., 
where he put the trees in Diamond 
Park, and at the Methodist Theolog- 
ical School, in the best of shape, leav- 
ing that city to fill a contract at the 
well-known health resort of Sagerston 
Inn at Cambridge Springs, Pa. He 
returned to Concord in the winter of 
1909 and has since made his home in 
this city, although his work carries 
him all over this state and into the 
adjacent states. Mr. Harkins thor- 
oughly understands the work in which 
he is engaged and is very particular 
to keep in touch with all of the new 
and modern methods employed in the 
business. It was for this reason that 
he has recently taken up dynamite as 
an agent with which to clear large 
tracks of land and prepare them for 
agricultural usages. 

It is significant to state that while 
employed by the Munson k Whit- 
taker firm, Mr. Harkins was assigned 
to take personal charge of the tree 
surgery work done on the estates of 
Jno. D. Archbold, the New York 
Standard Oil man; ex-president Theo- 
dore Roosevelt; W. E. Roosevelt, the 
former president's uncle, and Harry 
W. King, president of the King Bridge 
Company of Cleveland, Ohio. 

Harriott Music Store 
Aside from being one of the well- 
known musicians of the city, Bertram 
J. Harriott conducts one of the largest 
music stores in this section of the 
state, at 92 North Main Street. The 
fact that Mr. Harriott is a pianist, 
drummer and singer of far more than 
ordinary ability, has been of immense 
benefit to him in conducting his 
extensive business, for he has been 



260 



TJce Granite Monthly 



better qualified to buy from the manu- 
facturers. In his large, well-kept store 
one finds a high^class line of musical 
instruments, including drums, violins 
and pianos, the largest line of sheet 
music in the state, Edison and Colum- 
bia talking machines, the latest records 
and a line of Standard sewing ma- 
chines. 

Mr. Harriott has lived in Concord 
from a mere boy, learning the trade 
of a silversmith early in life, and fol- 
lowing his trade in several large cities 
before locating permanently in Con- 
cord. As a young man he was promi- 
nent in musical circles and this fact 
led him into the line of business he 
now follows. For fourteen years he 
was connected with the Prescott 
Company, and since 1913 has been 
in business for himself. He started by 
leasing half of the store from the 
company he formerly worked for; 
but within a vear he has taken over 





'■■'1 

/ 



Bertram J. Harriott 

the entire establishment and is meet- 
ing with unqualified success. 

Concord Business College 
The Concord Business College is 
the only institution in Concord de- 
voted exclusively to teaching business 



subjects. The College was established 
in 18S7, and is one of Concord's 
oldest institutions. It enjoys a large 
annual enrollment, matriculating stu- 
dents from New Hampshire, Mass- 




es. C. Craft 

achusetts, Maine, Vermont, and 
Canada. 

The College, formerly known as 
the National School of Business, be- 
came Concord Business College when 
the present principal, Mr. Craft, took 
complete charge of the college in 1910. 
Mr. Craft had already been connected 
with the college seven years, as prin- 
cipal of the commercial department. 

The college enjoys the confidence of 
the business men and the public, and 
has graduated some of the best qual- 
ified bookkeepers and stenographers 
in New England. Its methods have 
always been progressive and up- 
to-date. It was the first in the East 
to establish a course in stenotypy, 
and holds the honor of graduating 
the first two stenotype operators in 
New England. The courses are 
thorough and practical, the teachers 
painstaking and competent, and the 
college has a first class equipment 
for its work. 



The Business Section of Concord 



261 



: : 




!'. !__ . 


- 



•to* 



Store of Brown & Batchelder 



Brown & Batchelder 
The accompanying illustration is a 
picture of the new store front of 
Brown & Batchelder 's Clothing 
House, one of the finest stores in New 
England. There are eleven separate 
window displays and the arrangement 
is very unique. Inside, the store is 
fitted throughout with quartered oak 
shelving and glass front cabinets for 
the display of shirts and underwear, 
and all clothing is carried in glass 
front cabinets. The selling space is 
40 x 95 and every modern conven- 
ience for the display of merchandise 
and the comfort of customers is 
found. The business was estab- 
lished in 1890. A high class of mer- 
chandise has always been featured, 
and this firm enjoys a liberal patron- 
age not only from Concord but from 
all parts of the state. 

Parisian Dry Cleaning Com pax y 
Among Concord's younger estab- 
lishments is the Parisian Dry Cleaning 
Company, managed by J. F. Durreli. 
The process of dry cleaning is com- 
paratively a new one, and it was not 
until late years that the art had been 
perfected to the extent of being com- 
mercialized. The success of the 
method was due to the fact that 
neither the fit, color or texture of 
the garment was altered, while ; ' wet" 



cleaning with soap and water usually 
affected one or all. The phrase 
"Dry Cleaning" originated in the 
fact that no water is used in the 
process, the garment being washed in 
the purest naphtha which removes all 
spots and leaves the cloth in the finest 
possible condition. Mr. Durreli is 
an enterprising business man and is 
constantly bettering his establish- 
ment and is at the present time using 
the Bowser system, the most up-to- 
date and complete method ever in- 
vented. The field of the new method 
of renovating clothes'" has grown 
steadily and each day a new customer 
is attracted by the thoroughness with 
which their work is being done. 
It has been often proven by the 
Parisian Dry Cleaning Company that 
anything in the line of clothes can 
be renovated to the satisfaction of the 
most critical. Particular attention 
is being paid to the cleaning and 
finishing of antique and modern laces, 
Mrs. Durreli having personal charge 
of this department. The plant is 
modern in every respect and has 
'many improvements and new ma- 
chines never heretofore used, includ- 
ing a machine for removing the dust 
from clothing and a steaming ap- 
paratus by which all garments that 
are suitable are treated to a flow of 
super-heatec? steam before being 



262 



The Granite Monthly 



pressed, which brightens the colors 
and kills all odors which may be in 
them. The office and works of the 
Parisian Dry Cleaning Company are 
at 13 South State Street. 

The Kimball Studio 
H§This is one 'of the old houses, 
having been established by William 
H. Kimball in 1849. At that time 



Entrance to Kimball's Studio 

the daguerreotype on silver plated 
copper was the only picture made, 
and many are still in existence. 
About 1859-60, photography came 
to the front and soon took the leading 
place for portraits and views. About 
1882-83 the dry plate, for instan- 
taneous work, came into use, and 
since then the developments in all 
branches of the art have been great. 
Mr. W. G. C. Kimball became 
propietor in 1868. Afterwards, Mr. 
Richard H. Kimball, his son, was 
a partner until his death in 1909. 
This studio has a wide reputation 



for artistic work, receiving many 
medals in open competition. 

W. C. Gibson's 
A store in this city that has some- 
thing of interest to everybody is that 
of W. C. Gibson. It is the only book 
and stationery store in Concord with 
a periodical department, and is the 
center of much activity when the pop- 
ular magazines make their appear- 
ance. The establishment is one of 
the oldest of its kind and until 1898 
was owned by Charles F. Butchelder. 
Mr. Gibson is a very enterprising man 
and is continually devoting his time 
to making his store attractive to his 
trade. It has long been a slogan that 
if it is in the market you can get it at 
Gibson's. Aside from the regular line 
of goods an attractive corner of the 
store is devoted to a circulating li- 
brary, many people daily taking ad- 
vantage of the fact that the latest 
books are obtainable from this source. 
Another interesting feature is the 
postal card novelty counter, where the 
latest cards can always be found. 
The store is located in the Eagle 
Hotel Block at 106 North Alain Street. 

W. A. Thompson Shoe House 
The largest and probably best- 
known shoe store in Concord is the 
establishment of W. A. Thompson, lo- 
cated at 73 North Main Street. For 
years the firm has been a leader among 
progressive retail shoe houses of New 
Hampshire and the reason is not hard 
to find, for the late proprietor was 
known throughout the country among 
the manufacturers and jobbers as a 
thoroughly honest, reliable and up-to- 
date retail merchant of shoes. In fact 
he was honored several years before 
his death on May 22, 1913, with the 
position of president of the National 
Association of Retail Dealers, an or- 
ganization of representative dealers 
with members scattered from the 
Pacific to the Atlantic, 

Mr. Thompson started in the boot 
and shoe business in a little store in 
the building; now known as the First 



The Business Section of Concord 



263 



National Bank building. By judicious 
advertising, and dealing in reliable 
makes that other firms did not have, 
his business prospered to the extent 
that he soon outgrew his initial quar- 
ters and. in August, 1885, he moved to 
a commodious store in Bailey Block 
where he remained until the growth 
of his business forced him to change 
locations again. At that time he 
moved to 48 North Main Street in the 
store now occupied by Nelson's Five 
Cent Store. From there he moved his 
business to the present location at 73 
North Main Street. 

In February, 1902, Mr. Thompson 
employed George M. White of Lan- 
caster as his head clerk, and Mr. 
White has remained with the firm 
ever since, becoming manager of the 
business upon the occasion of the 
death of the proprietor in May, 1913, 
and directing it with excellent judg- 
ment and business skill. 

At the present time the. business is 
conducted along the same lines laid 
out by Mr. Thompson in 1880 and 
strictly adhered to ever since. Full 
value in footwear returned for every 
dollar expended has safeguarded the 
patrons of the establishment for years 
and still continues to bring new pa- 
trons. The leading lines in footwear 
carried by the firm are Sorosis and 
Grover soft shoes for women and 
Elite and Bannister shoes for men. 

J. H. FORSTER 

The typewriter has become so 
closely allied with modern, business 
that no enterprising American city 
would know how to get along without 
the expert services of a typewriter 
specialist. The only business man 
in Concord who handles typewriters 
and office supplies alone is Mr. 
J. H. Forster, who conducts, at his 
home in the Toof Apartments, the 
Concord Typewriter Exchange and 
the Concord Mailing Company. Mr. 
Forster sells, rents and exchanges 
all makes of typewriters; he handles 
ribbon> and carbon paper and sells 
all kinds of office supplies. His is 



the only up-to-date multigraph ma- 
chine in town and on it he can turn 
out around 3,000 high-class form 
letters in an hour. He has had ten 
years' experience in this line of work. 
Mr. Forster came here from Wor- 
cester, Mass., in 1910 as repair man 
and salesman for the Remington 
T\ pewriter Company. While in AVor- 
cester he had been in charge of the 
repair department of that company, 




J. H. Forster 

and, previous to that time, had been 
with the same company in Boston 
and New York. It did not take Mr. 
Forster long to make good after his 
arrival here and now he has established 
a business of his own which is very 
extensive. Aside from having sold 
hundreds of machines in Concord 
he keeps many in repair and does a 
large business in the territory sur- 
rounding the city. 

"The New Store." 
On September 25, 1913, "The New 
Store" at 79 North Main Street began 
business, carrying women's and chil- 
dren's supplies, and art needlework, 
but specializing in three lines, milli- 



264 



The Granite Monthly 



nery, corsets and waists. The name 
did not merely imply that the business 
was new, neither did it bear relation 



i 



I — 



The New Store 

to the fact that the venture was 
launched by three women, Miss M. E. 
Marcy, Mrs. M. H. Tallant and Mrs. 
Mabel K. Hutchinson, for it is not un- 
common to find women as owners 
and managers of mercantile estab- 
lishments. The name was chosen to 
convey the idea that the store would 
stand for new goods, new ideals, new 
methods and new ideas, and that the 
choice of name was a good one is 
evidenced by the steady growth in 
business since the beginning. 

It has always been the purpose of 
the firm to give the best that can be 
had for the money and in this regard 
great care has been used in purchasing 
with the thought of getting right 
goods for everyone. People always 
receive courteous treatment and are 
dealt with squarely at The Xew 
Store. 

The store itself is a well arranged, 
adequately lighted and ventilated in- 
terior, situated right in the very cen- 
ter of the business district on the west 
side of North Main street, a few doors 
south of the corner of School. An ex- 
cellent display of art needlework, mil- 
linery and waists is made in just that 
neat and attractive style that one 
would expect of the three ladies who 
conduct the business and personally 
attend to the wants of the numerous 
patrons. 



The Men's Shop 
Located at 5 South Main Street, 
just south of the corner of Pleasant 
Street junction, is the neat and well- 
stocked establishment of George W. 
Wilde, who caters to the trade in what 
he has pleased to call ''The Men's 
Shop." The name of the store is 
wholly indicative of the nature of the 
business, for Mr. Wilde seeks to serve 
the wants of men exclusively, and has 
stocked his shop with high-class goods 
of the variety that particularly ap- 
peal to an intelligent class of trade. 
''Quality first" is a business motto- 
which this young man has adopted, 
not particularly because of the pretty 
sentiment, but for the sensible reason 
that to stick to it means satisfied 
customers. Here a man may find 
every article of wearing apparel 
suited to his needs, even to a fine line 
of the best shoes. 



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George Wilde 





XIr. Wilde was born in Boston, 
and, after completing his education 
at Mt. Hermon Academy, he came to 
Concord, eight years ago, to enter 



The Business Section of Concord 



too 



the clothing business* He worked 
with several of the larger clothing 
stores of Concord as clerk, window 
trimmer and sign writer, leaving his 
last employer to enter business for 
liimself on October 15, 1914. 

His venture has proven most suc- 
cessful, and in spite of the fact that 
business has not been the best any- 
where in the country this spring he 
gets his fair share of the local trade. 
His stock, while not large, is excellent 
because of his ability to buy the solid, 
substantial, yet attractive lines, that 
every particular man uses. Such hus- 
tling young business men as Mr. Wilde 
are a credit to the community and asset 
to the business section of the city. 

Mark E. Gordon 
The business place of Mark E. 
■Gordon, at 93 North Main Street, 
has come to be known as the " family 
outfitting store, " for here can be 
obtained high-grade and popular- 
priced wearing apparel for men, 
young men and boys, for women, 
misses and girls. The several depart- 
ments are attractively arranged in 
the store which is well ventilated and 
light. In the rear is the office and 
alteration department. 



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Store of Mark E. Gordon 

Mr. Gordon, the proprietor, was 
born in Boston forty-one years ago, 
and has worked up through the 
successive stages of his business as 
clerk, salesman, buyer and manager. 



He came here seventeen years ago as 
manager for the E. Gately Company 
and on April 6, 1906, started business 
for himself at the present location. 
The growth of his business has been 
stead}' and rapid, due entirely to the 
untiring energy of the proprietor. 

He has associated with him, a 
competent corps of popular clerks, 
including May E. Foley, Margaret 
Kerslake, Jane Giles, H. Audette 
and Joseph Lee. 

Johx F. Waters. 

One of the leaders in the automobile 
livery business in Concord, today, 
is John F. Waters, who conducts 



V 



'■ ■*. • 



John F. Water's Garage 

his own garage on Freight Street. 
He runs three fine, closed cars and 
his place of business is never closed. 
In addition to his livery business, 
Mr. Waters conducts a repair depart- 
ment, where he keeps two repair men 
busy all of the time, and sells gas 
together with a small line of automo- 
bile supplies. 

Mr. Waters came here in 1897 and 
went to work for his uncle, George 
W. Waters, a local funeral director. 
He continued with his uncle at odd 
times until 1910, but for a period of 
several years before that time was 
associated with the local office of the 
American Express Company as driver, 
clerk and assistant cashier. 

In September, 1910. he entered the 
automobile business as a chauffeur 
in the employ of Norris Dunklee, and 
remained in this line of work until 



266 



The Granite Monthly 



he went into business for himself in 
May, 1911. He ran one machine 
until the spring 'of 1912 when he put 
another closed car into service and, 
a short time after that, increased 
business obliged him to put the third 
car into his extensive livery business 
until now he has three cars going 
night and day. 

The Cloverdale Company 
The Concord branch of the Clover- 
dale Company is one of the most at- 
tractive of their sixty-five stores. 
There are twelve other branches in 



The Cloverdale Company was or- 
ganized in Boston in 1900 and has its 
office and warehouse at 38, 39, 40 
South Market Street, and 14 Chatham 
Street, Boston. All its business is 
conducted on a strictly cash basis, 
both buying and selling. There is no 
delivery of goods and no sales on 
credit. The savings in these two 
items means that the prices named by 
them are for the value of the goods 
only. Xo customer is called upon to 
pay any share of a fixed charge for an 
expensive delivery system or for 
losses due to bad bills. 



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Crackers, Butter and Cheese Departments, Cloverdale Store 



New Hampshire, located at Man- 
chester (4), Deny, Penacook, Tilton, 
Laconia, - Rochester, Somersworth, 
Claremont and Keene. Clean stores, 
courteous treatment, low prices and 
high-grade goods have earned for 
this company great success and an 
enviable reputation. 



The accompanying illustration, 
showing the cracker, cheese and but- 
ter departments, is one used by Wal- 
lace F. Purrington, state food and 
drug inspector, in his pure food lec- 
tures throughout the state, as a model 
section of a pure food store, every- 
thing being displayed under glass cov- 



The Business Section of Concord 



26; 



ers. The photograph was taken fay 
Messrs. Purringtou and State Chemist 
Howard, who both commented very 
highly on the up-to-date methods em- 
ployed by the company in the hand- 
ling of pure foods. The specialties 
carried by them are butter, cheese, 
eggs, lard, beans, coffee, tea, cocoa, 
crackers and canned goods. 

The high standard of the Clover- 



following, who were well known citi- 
zens at that time: Joseph Low, A. C. 
Pierce, John Gibson, X. G. Upbam, 
George O. Odlin, Perkins Gale. Ben- 
jamin Grover, George Hutchins, John 
Gass, Cyrus Hill. 

The price of gas at that time was 
S-l per thousand cubic feet. Since 
then the price has been reduced at 
various times as manufacturing faeil- 









PJ-ift 



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?■<«■ 






Interior of Concord Light & Power Company's Office 



dale quality, together with low prices 
and fair treatment, have made this 
enterprising concern one of Concord's 
marked successes. For the past ten 
years the affairs of the Concord branch 
have been ably taken care of by 
Jerome A. Kelly. 

Concord Light and Power 
Company 
The Concord Gas Light Company 
was incorporated in 1850, by the 



ities havs improved, until the present 
price of SI. 20 per thousand cubic 
feet has been reached. Gas is one 
of the few commodities that has 
gradually been reduced in price. 
The gas mains of this company 
reach nearly every section of Concord- 
proper, and practically every home 
takes advantage of this service. The 
company supplies gas for light, heat 
and power, and is one of the substan- 
tial industries of Concord. 



268 



The Granite Monthly 



Conn's Theatre 
Ask anyone in Concord to whom it 
the amusement-loving public of the 
tv owes the greatest debt and they 



build the Palace Theatre on Pleasant 
Street. 

In 1911 the old Durgin silverware 
factory on School Street was de- 
stroyed by fire. While the gaunt, 
ruined walls of the building were 
still wreathed in a haze of smoke from 
the heap of blackened brick and 
smouldering timbers that lay in the 
cellar, the trade was consummated 
whereby Captain Conn became the 
owner of the land and what was left 
of the Durgin building. He imme- 
diately got busy on his new acquisi- 
tion. Working nights and Sundays 
at his tailoring business, he spent the 
remainder of the time on the Durgin 
lot, tearing down ruins and cleaning 
brick. In June, 1911, the cornerstone 
of his new theatre was laid and on 
October 14 of the following year the 



■k_ 



Captain Jacob Conn 



■will tell you to Capt. Jacob Conn. 
Without a doubt Captain Conn has 
clone more to stir up the theatrical 
and motion picture business in the 
Capital City than any other one man. 
He has never lagged behind, but has 
kept all competitors on the jump, and 
today he owns the cozy little School 
Street theatre and has already broken 
ground for the construction of a large 
and modern picture house on the site 
of the Dunklee stable on Pleasant 
Street. 

The life story of Captain Conn is 
too well known, both in the city and 
state, to need comment at this time. 
Suffice it to say he started business 
here in 1898 on a borrowed capital of 
$2.50, and today he owns the Conn 
Theatre on School Street, considerable 
other real estate, and is preparing to 




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Conn's Theatre 



cozy little theatre was completed and 
thrown open to the public. Although 
Conn's Theatre has been open con- 
tinuously since that date it has only 



The Business Section of Concord 



269 



been since last February that the 
owner has been able to give the busi- 
ness his undivided attention. Since 
then he has kept Tilings humming in 
the local theatrical held and. when 
his beautiful and commodious "new 
theatre on Pleasant Street is com- 
pleted and open to the public, he will 
have the finest theatrical business in 
the state. 

Conn Tailoring Company 
Probably the youngest proprietor 
of any business house in Concord 
is Israel Louis Seligman, owner and 
manager of the Conn Tailoring Com- 
pany, 5 School Street, at the age of 
twenty-three years. Although he has 
been in charge of the business but 
a short time, Mr. Seligman has already 
proven his worth as a successor to 
his uncle, Jacob Conn, who conducted 
a successful tailoring business in the 
same store for a long period of years. 
Mr. Seligman. the present pro- 
prietor, was born in London, England, 
on March 18, 1S92, the son of Maurice 
J. and Cecilia Seligman. When he 
was eighteen months old his father 
died and, as an infant, he returned 
with his mother to the home of 
her parents in German-Poland. Four 
years later his mother died, leaving 
Israel an orphan at the age of five 
years. For a number of years he 
remained with his grandparents in 
Poland, entering the tailoring busi- 
ness at the age of fourteen as an ap- 
prentice. When fifteen years of age 
the young man went to London to 
live with his uncle, Louis Conn, a 
prosperous merchant of the English 
metropolis, who has recently moved 
from that city to Manchester. X. H. 
Israel Seligman was only eighteen 
years of age when he came to this 
country and located in Concord as an 
employee of A. I. Cohn. Here he re- 
mained for four and a half years, enter- 
ing the employ of Jacob Conn for a 
short time before making a trip to 
Minneapolis and thence back to 
Boston, in both of which places he 



worked at his trade. In Boston he 
was employed for two years by the 
tailoring house of Lynsky Brothers. 

In January, 1914. Mr. Seligman 
opened a tailoring establishment on 
Elm Street in Manchester and still 
retains a half interest in that firm, 
although he is now giving his personal 
supervision to the Conn Tailoring 
Company, which he purchased and 
took charge of on February 1, 1915, 
and which is located in this city at 
5 School Street. Mr. Seligman is an 
expert cutter of men's garments and 
is an experienced tailor and for these 
reasons experiences no difficulty in 
satisfying his numerous customers. 



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I. L. Seligman 

His shop, conveniently located in 
the very heart of the business dis- 
trict, contains a fine line of the best 
woolens and his line of ladies' furs is 
one, of the best to be found in central 
New Hampshire. Mr. Seligman's 
energy and power of concentration 
have gained for him success at a very 
early period in life and his many 
friends are willing to prophecy for him 
a brilliant future of achievement. 
He is unmarried and a member of the 
Knights of Pythias. 



270 



The Granite Monthly 



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; 



H ■ 



• 



Johnson's Eagle Garage 



The Eagle Garage 
Fred Lincoln Johnson, proprietor 
of the Eagle Garage, is a pioneer in 
this important branch of business in 



i 



Fred Lincoln Johnson 



New Hampshire. Born in Concord 
on June 8, 1872, he was educated 
in the public schools of the city. 
As a student at the manual training 
school, he early evinced great apti- 



tude in studies of the mechanical arts, 
which probably influenced him in no 
small degree when he made his 
choice of a life work. In 1887 he 
won the first prize offered manual 
training school pupils and, after leav- 
ing school, entered the bicycle and 
camera business. 

In 1893 Mr. Johnson won the state 
championships in the one-half and 
two-mile bicycle races, later purchas- 
ing the first motor cycle that ever 
came into the city and being one of 
the first to own an automobile. He 
was also greatly interested in yachting 
and organized the Lake Penacook 
Yacht Club in 1898. In 1903 Mr. 
Johnson went into the garage busi- 
ness, building the Eagle Garage in 
1905. In 1911 he built an auto ice- 
boat which could be run over ice by 
means of an aeroplane propeller. 

Mr. Johnson is vice-president of the 
New Hampshire Automobile Dealer 
and Accessories Association and has 
always interested himself in municipal 
affairs, he being chairman of the auto- 
mobile parade committee and chief 
marshal of the automobile division of 
the trade and civic parade of the one 
hundred and fiftieth anniversary cele- 
bration. He is a member of all the 
Masonic bodies, including the 32d 
degree, and Bektash Temple of the 
Mystic Shrine. 



The Business Section of Concord 



271 



Ward's Vulcanizing Works 
One of the best known men in the 
local automobile field is William T. 
Ward, who has a place of business 
at 27 South Main Street. Mr. Ward 
first located in business at Penacook, 
where he conducted the Penacook 
Vulcanizing Works in the garage of 
C. P. Grimes. When Mr. Grimes 
sold out he located at Hoyt's Garage, 
but with the rapid growth of business 
in the early part of 1912 moved to the 
city proper and started in his present 
business. More recently he has 
opened an automobile supply and 
inquiry station on the state road sev- 
eral miles below the new Lower 
Bridge, now in process of erection. 

From March of that year the busi- 
ness steadily increased until he was 
doing a big supply business with both 
dealers and consumers. In the spring 
of 1914 he opened a garage, catering 
to Ford repairs at 75 South Main 
Street, but the venture proved disas- 



ance of the young man stood him in 
good stead and in March, 1915, he 
was doing business again at his old 



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William T. Ward 



trous because Mr. Ward was unable to 
give his personal supervision to both 
places. A reorganization of the busi- 
ness was necessary, but the persever- 




Ward's Vulcanizing Works 

stand, which he had retained in spite 
of reverses. 

One incident of Mr. Ward's busi- 
ness career, that has attracted con- 
siderable local attention, concerns his 
repeated attempts to induce the city 
government to grant him the privilege 
of placing a gasoline pump on the curb. 
Last October the city government 
ordered all curb gasoline pumps to be 
taken in and Mr. Ward complied 
with the order. The next month the 
garage adjacent to Air. Ward was 
successful in a petition to locate a 
street pump to take the place of the 
one they had taken in. The adjacent 
firm placed their pump near the di- 
viding line between the two place3 
of business. When Mr. Ward applied 
for permission to relocate his pump, 
he was informed that it wasn't nec- 
essary to have two pumps located 
so close together and that his business 
was an obstruction to the similar 



272 



The Granite Monthly 



business next door. For these reasons, 
whieh Mr. Ward declares are unjust, 
his petition has been refused, and he 
is obliged to carry gas to his customers 
in five-gallon cans across the side- 
walk, 

Mr. Ward is selling the best in 
auto supplies, gasoline and bicycles 
and offers to the public a free delivery 
service within a radius of two miles. 
Any automobilist whose gasoline 
runs out or who has to stop on ac- 
count of tire trouble within two miles 
of Mr, Ward's place can secure the 
necessary assistance wifTfout extra 
charge by telephoning 913-M. He 
guarantees all of his vulcanizing be- 
yond an argument and sells tires on 
the Goodrich Fair List basis, keeping 
all tires in repair against accident 
until they have served for 3,500 miles 
of travel. 

E. W. Tibbetts, Tailor 
Earl W. Tibbetts. who conducts a 
highly successful tailoring establish- 
ment in the Hill Block, at 27 School 
Street, accounts for his satisfactory 
business bv reason of his ability to 



Earl W. Tibbetts 

make satisfied customers. He in- 
tends to make new customers satis- 
fied to the extent that they will con- 



tinue their patronage, and nine times 
out of ten he succeeds in doing so. 

Mr. Tibbetts, who learned the 
tailoring business with some of the 
best tailoring houses in New England, 
came here from Stoughton, Mass., 
in April, 1912, and has never changed 
his location. He caters to a high 
class of trade and, having been in the 
tailoring business since he was four- 
teen years of age, he is well qualified 
to satisfy his class of customers. 

That he has been successful is ob- 
vious to one who has watched his 
business increase in the past few 
years. Mr. Tibbetts carries a fine 
line of the well-known Brimer woolens 
and guarantees them to give the 
highest satisfaction. 

Concord Wiring and Supply 

Company 
Nowadays electricity plays an im- 
portant part in many phases of every- 
day life, but there is no place where it 
would be missed more than in the 
modern home. The business of the 
Concord Wiring and Supply Com- 
pany at 9 Capitol Street, owned and 
managed by William T. Ferns, con- 
cerns itself with all kinds of electric 
light, power and bell wiring, repair- 
ing, supplies, etc., and while it by no 



Concord Wiring and Supply Company 

means is confined to the homes of 
Concord, yet a large part of the work 
is done in the residences of Concord 
citizens. For this reason it has come 
to be one of the best-known concerns 



in the city, 



although its institution 



The Business Section of Concord 



273 



dates back to a comparatively recent 
time. 

It was on December 1. 1912. that 
the Concord Wiring and Supply Com- 
pany started in business in a little 
store in the rear of 9 Capitol Street. 
The firm filled a long-felt need in this 
city and it grew rapidly. In less than 
two years, or to be exact, in Novem- 
ber, 1914. Mr. Ferns was obliged to 
move into his present commodious 
quarters at 7 Capitol Street. 

The front part of the establish- 
ment is fitted as an office and sales- 
room, where a complete line of cook- 
ing, heating, lighting and wiring ap- 
pliances of the very best styles and 
makes may be found. The rear of 
the store is used as a stockroom and 
workshop. Here a force of skilled 
workmen may be found, who can ac- 
complish any kind of a wiring job 
without any trace of the work being- 
left behind and in the shortest possi- 
ble space of time. The firm telephone 
number is 471-M. 

Gregory Roig Farre 
Is a native of Spain and came to 
Concord two years ago, establishing 
a ladies' tailoring business, known as 
'"Paris, New York, Concord," of 
which he is the proprietor. Mr. Farre 
has traveled over a score of countries, 
speaks, writes and reads half a dozen 
languages, including the international 
auxiliary tongue, Esperanto, of which 
he is very fond, and prophesies that 
the knowledge of it by every nation 
in the world is a matter of not more 
than two generations, and is further 
of the opinion that it will do more 
for the peace of the world than any 
other one thing. 

Being particularly a close student 
of politics,' he has had opportunity to 
study, the customs of many lands and 
specially he seems to be very familiar 
with the social and political habits of 
our sister republics to the south of us. 
Concerning what has transpired in 
Mexico during the last few years, he 
has been so accurate in his predictions, 
that were it not for his modesty, he 



might well say ' ; I told you so." 
Although he has been in this country 
less than eight years, his knowledge of 
the English language is fully as ex- 
tensive as that of many a native 
American, having written for several 
newspapers in the United States on 
politics and political economy. 

As a tailor, designer, and cutter, 
his name is known in many countries, 
he being an author of technical sar- 
torial works published in the leading' 
sartorial journals. He was also con- 



i f 
1 I 



&yi! 



Gregory RoisJ Farre 



nected with the Jno. J. Mitchell 
Company of New York, London, 
Paris, Berlin, and Vienna, a leading 
fashion publishing house. Although 
he was completely a stranger in Con- 
cord, his business has made a sub- 
stantial growth, a¥*fie has also made 
many friends due to his personality 
and logic. 

Mr. Farre is a member of the N. A. 
E. A., the N. E. E. A. and the M. I. 
of A. and S. of Manchester, where he 
conducts a class in Spanish every 
Thursday, as well as of the Wono- 
lancet Club. 

That his ambition is a little greater 



274 



The Granite Monthly 



than that of the average young man is 
proven by the fact that besides giving 
his personal attention to his business, 
he is, in his spare moments, studying 
law with the American Correspond- 
ence School of Law of Chicago, 111. 
So great is his desire to become a 
lawyer that he expects to succeed and 
has already registered his name in the 
Supreme Court of New Hampshire 
for examination for admission to the 
bar at the end of his mail three-year 
course. 

Mr. Farre has no relatives at all in 
this country, but certainly has many 
friends. 

Heath's Remnant Store 
One of Concord's youngest mer- 
chants is Willis S. Heath, better 
known to his numerous local friends 



M 1 1 i a 



Willis S. Heath 



as "Sam" Heath, who conducts the 
New Remnant store at 10 Warren 
Street. Mr. Heath was born in 
Concord on November 14, 1888, and 
received his early education in the 
schools of this city, graduating from 
the local high school, in 1907. He 
entered Brewster Academy at Wolfe- 
boro and later entered the Lowell 
Textile School at Lowell, Mass., 
where he remained two years, earning 



money enough to pay his tuition and 
expenses by taking charge of the 
school remnant store. 

Leaving school he went on the road 
for the American Woolen Company, 
and was out two years, giving up his 
position to open a remnant store on 
White Street in Haverhill, Mass., in 
the fall of 1912. Meantime he had 
hired several counters in an Elm 
Street store in Manchester, and 
was transacting considerable business 
there in remnants. Without relin- 
quishing either store Mr. Heath went 
into the manufacturing business and 
for a year and a half manufactured 
ladies' skirts in Groveland, leaving 
that business to increase the number 
of his retail stores. 

In February, 1915, he started an- 
other business in one room at 10 
Warren Street and in less than four 
months it had increased to the extent 
that he was obliged two add to more 
rooms to his place of business, making 
a store which is even now barelylarge 
enough to accommodate his rapidly 
growing trade. 

Abraham I. Cohn 
The extensive tailoring establish- 
ment of Abraham I. Cohn, located 
in the Board of Trade Building " under 
the clock," has been built up from a 
small business by reason of the per- 
severence, integrity and ability of 
the owner. Born in Germany in 
1871, Mr. Cohn came to America 
twenty years later and established 
his locaf business in 1897,^ starting in 
the same building where his establish- 
ment is today, but in much smaller 
quarters. 

A man, to be a successful tailor, 
must be possessed of far more than 
mere business ability and a desire to 
make money. Building clothes, to 
Mr. Cohn's rnind, is an art which is 
developed only by constant study 
and for which a man must have con- 
siderable latent talent. He has been 
highly successful in fashioning con- 
servative garments which possess a 



The Business Section of Concord 



iO 



distinctive touch an< 
of character — clothes 
the work of an artisl 



their full share 
that distinquish 

in cloth. How- 



Abraham I. Cohn. 

ever for the young man, who desires 
the ultra-fashionable in dress, Mr. 
Cohn is able to make just that style 
of clothes which will give the highest 
satisfaction. Pie is also an expert 
fur worker, and agent for one of 
America's leading firms of ladies' 
tailors. 

Mr. Cohn is public spirited to a 
high degree and always anxious to 
assist any project that is of a civic 
nature. He is an active member of 
the Odd Fellows, having held high 
office in that organization. 

Amos J. Peaslee 
One of the best known real estate 
men in this section of the state is 
Amos J. Peaslee, who conducts an 
extensive business in city and sub- 
urban properties with an office in the 
Capital City. Mr. Peaslee was born 
in Gilmanton in 1877 and at the age 
of two years moved with his parents 
to Franklin where he received his 



early education. In 1902 he came to 
Concord and engaged in the grocery 
business in East Concord, with his 
father, under the name of Charles 
Peaslee & Son. 

In 1908, on account of poor health, 
he gave up active work in the store 
and, having a natural aptitude for 
the appraisal of real estate values, 
he chose this field for his endeavors. 

Mr. Peaslee has specialized in the 
handling of farms, timber lots, hotels 
and stores, and by giving close atten- 
tion to his patrons has built up an ex- 
tensive business along these lines. 
A large list of city propert\ r is also 
included in his lists. He has taken 
the agency for several reliable insur- 
ance companies in addition to his 
dealings in real estate, and this enables 
him to give his customers adequate 
protection for their investments. 

Messrs. Bryant <fc Greenwood of 
Chicago, dealers in Florida lands, ap- 
pointed Mr. Peaslee as their agent in 



Amos J. Peaslee 



Concord, and he has made several 
trips to Florida, recently, in the inter- 
ests of this company. 



276 The Granite Monthly 



Interior of Lee's Upstairs Alleys 

Capital City Bowling Alleys that popular and health-giving sport in 

Bowling has never been so popular Concord. 
in this city as for the last two years, From that time on these alleys have 

been in constant use. In fact so popu- 
^ — * g ■'** ^ lar did bowling become, and so rapidly 

was it taken up, even among the 
women of Concord, that it became nec- 
essary to construct three more alleys 
in the basement, making a total of six 
alleys, and these are always sufficient 
to accommodate the crowd which 
would like to bowl. 

The Capital City Alleys have been 
conducted by Mr. Lee in an ideal man- 
ner. The alleys are all well ventilated 
and well lighted and for the ordinary 
crowd there is ample opportunity to 
watch the bowlers. 

Kimball & Baker 
As far as can be ascertained the 
second oldest florist establishment in 
New England is that which is now 
owned by Charles V. Kimball and 
Solon R. Baker, located at 28 Pleas- 
ant Street. The business was started 
by George Main on Merrimack Street 
and when John J. Lee had the Capital and. when it came into the hands of 
City Bowling Alleys at 43 North Main Frank Main, he transferred the es- 
Street finished on December 17, 1913, tablishment to its present location. 
he started a new era in the history of Charles Barrett was the next owner 




John J. Lee 



The Business Section of Concord 



and, under his management, the store 
was enlarged and many general im- 
provements were made. From 1906 
until the death of Mr. Barrett in 1913 
the management of the concern was 
in the hands of Charles V. Kimball, 
who later purchased it. Since assum- 
ing ownership of the business. Mr. 
Kimball has proven his efficiency as a 
florist and the great pressure of work 
brought on by his skillful manipula- 
tion of beautiful flowers caused him 
to take into the firm a partner, Mr. 
Solon P. Baker, and since January, 
1915, under the name of Kimball & 
Baker, the firm has been most pros- 
perous, satisfaction being guaranteed 
and personal supervision assured all 
who patronize them. 

Mr. Kimball was born in Canaan, 
N. H., and was educated in the com- 
mon schools of Franklin. At an early 
age he went to Nashua and later took 
charge of one of the largest floral es- 
tablishments in this section of the 
country, coming to Concord in 1906 
to assume charge of Mr. Barrett's in- 



Mountain Lodge of Odd Fellows, a 
member of the Senior Order American 



,~~ : : " -'■ • >*: '." i - ■ •■ 



Charles V. Kimball 

terests. He is a member of the Blaz- 
ing Star Lodge of Masons, White 



s 



Solon R. Baker 

Mechanics and the Capital Grange, 
P. of H. 

Solon R. Baker was born in Haver- 
hill, N. H., and was educated in 
Haverhill Academy. Before coming 
to Concord he had been engaged in the 
general merchandise business in East 
Tilton and Gilmanton. In January, 
191 5, he became a partner in the florist 
concern of Charles V. Kimball, where 
he still continues. Mr. Baker is a 
member of the Peaked Hill Grange, 
P. of H., and the Doric Lodge of 
Masons. 

Charles F. Thompson 

One of the substantial and well 
known business men of Concord is 
Charles F. Thompson, proprietor of a 
successful shoe store at 134 North 
Main street. Mr. Thompson has not 
confined his activities to the shoe busi- 
ness, however, having always given 
generously of his time and influence to 
further any enterprise of a civic na- 
ture. He served the state well as a 
legislator during the important session 
of 1909. 



278 



The Granite Monthly 



. Mr. Thompson was born in this 
city on January 17. 1868, the young- 
est son of John and Maiy Ellen (Daly) 



iki: 



.. .: ± „_^\- a **a _ 



Charles F. Thompson 



- 1 --V 



Thompson, natives of Ireland. He 
was educated in the schools of this 
city, becoming an apprentice in the 
painters' trade at the age of fifteen 
years. He continued in this business 
for three years and then entered the 
employ of his elder brother, the late W. 
H. Thompson, as a shoe clerk. He 
afterwards was employed by a Boston 
firm and in 1890 started his own shoe 
business in this city. 

On September 20, 1891 he married 
Miss Mary Anne Dooley. and they 
have two children, Marion Elizabeth 
and Charles Francis. He is a member 
of St. John's Catholic Church. 

Mr. Thompson was a Ward Seven 
Republican member of the house of 
representatives that passed the direct 
primary law in 1909. He took a 
leading part in that session, being 
father of the weekly payment bill. 
He was a member of the Public Im- 
provement Committee that accom- 
plished much for New Hampshire 
roads and of the Committee on State 



House that had in charge the measure 
authorizing the State House addition. 
Mr. Thompson is a member of the 
New Hampshire Historical Society, 
Knights of Pythias, -Foresters of 
America, Pilgrim Fathers, Elks, and 
Veteran Firemen's Association and 
Board of Trade. 

Concord Cement Works 
Over on the beautiful Concord 
Heights is located the plant of the 
Concord Cement Works, the only 
concern in the Capital City engaged 
in the manufacture of concrete blocks 
and bricks. The fact that the trend 
of the times is towards the use of 
concrete in all up-to-date methods of 
construction opens up a wide field 
of business for a wide awake concern 
and the local company made its 
initial grasp at the opportunity thus 
afforded two years ago. 

At that time Mrs. Grace G. Dutton 
purchased several acres of land on the 
Loudon road, two miles east of the 
city proper, which contained a fine 
gravel bank. Knowing of the excel- 
lent opportunity which existed in .the 
field of concrete manufacture, she 
caused a large shed to be erected near 
the bank and installed a late model 
machine for the manufacture of con- 
crete blocks. Mrs. Dutton then put 
her son, Earl S. Dutton, in charge of 
the business and he has since been 



% 



\) 



Garage Erected by Concord Cement Co. 

actively identified with it as superin- 
tendent and manager. 

Since the start, the company has 



The Business Section of Concord 



279 



made rapid strides is the equipment 
of the plant and also in the amount 
of construction work accomplished. 
For the first two seasons, 1913 and 
1914, the work was limited to the con- 
struction of concrete blocks and the 
erection of buildings in which these 
blocks were employed as the building 
material. Numerous garages were 
made, of which one, owned by Deputy 
Marshal Victor I. Moore of the Con- 
cord police force and located at 4 
Wall Street, is shown in the accom- 
panying photograph. 



crctc manufacturers — better not only 
because of the fact that it makes a 
better looking and stronger brick, 
but also because steam curing can 
be accomplished in a small fraction 
of the time that it takes to cure 
bricks by water. 

Of course the local company can 
turn out only a small proportion of 
the ten billion bricks that are used 
annually in the United States, but 
they have adopted the policy of put- 
ting quality far ahead of quantity and, 
as a result, are turning out a con- 





















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The Old Carpenter Paint Shop 



This spring a late model Helm 
Press was installed for the manufac- 
ture of concrete bricks. This machine 
is a wonderful specimen of the invent- 
ive genius of C. F. Helm, a pioneer 
in the field of concrete manufacture 
whose factory is located in Cadillac, 
Mich. It makes ten bricks at a time 
under enormous pressure and has a 
capacity of 15,000 bricks a day. 
These bricks have been proven to 
be far superior to the common red 
or clay brick and can be manufac- 
tured in any desired style or color. 
After being turned out of the machine 
they are steam cured, a process far 
better than the method of water cur- 
ing adopted by the majority of con- 



crete brick that cannot be bettered 
in the open market today. 

Wellington Carpenter 
The picture of the old-time Bridge 
Street paint shop of T. J. Carpenter, 
which accompanies this article, will 
bring to the minds of many readers, 
the new and up-to-date paint shop 
of Wellington Carpenter, a son of T. J. 
Carpenter, which was built in 1892, 
just a few feet west of the site of the 
old shop shown in the photograph. 

Mr. Wellington Carpenter was born 
in this city in 1861. As a young man 
he learned the machinist trade, but, 
as sort of a side line, acquired the 
secrets of house painting and paper 



280 



The Granite Monthly 



hanging in the well-known shop of bis 
father. For five years, previous to 
1S92, lie devoted his whole time to his 
father's business and. upon the occa- 
sion of his father's death in that year, 
took up the business at the old stand. 
In August, 1S92, the old shop was 
torn down, after the business had been 
moved into its present location, and 
with it there passed into history one 
of the old landmarks of the city. At 



which accompanies the article. He 
has built numerous bridges all over the 
state for towns and for the railroad. 
He has an extensive equipment for 
doing heavy work, in fact big jobs are 
his specialty. Several steam der- 
ricks of fifteen tons capacity, steam 
shovels with a capacity of one cubic 
yard, bottom, dump buckets for de- 
positing cement under water, pile 
drivers, mixers and steam pumps — 



m, 



km 



■,^-^a 



r~Mifeuj3 



i i 



%% 



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... . . . . . . 



SlSlill 



Granolithic Sidewalk around Historical Building, by Normandeau 



the present time Mr. Carpenter's ex- 
tensive business is handled in the best 
possible manner in his well-equipped 
and model shop at 7 Bridge Street. 

J. E. Normandeau 
J E Normandeau, contractor in 
granolithic, concrete and stone work, 
with an office at his home 27 Grove 
Street, Concord, has been engaged in 
ins present business practically all of 
his life. In 1905 he started in busi- 
ness for himself, and that he has pros- 
pered is evidenced by the fact that 
last year he did over SCO, 000 worth of 
work. 

Mr. Normandeau believes in doing 
high class work. By following out 
this business principle, every piece of 
construction work becomes a perma- 
nent and lasting advertisement for 
him. One of his best pieces of work 
in Concord is the elegant granolithic 
walk which encircles the artistic home 
of the New Hampshire Historical 
Society on Park Street, a picture of 



such machinery as this is what Mr. 
Normandeau owns and uses in the 
extensive work which takes him all 
over New Hampshire and many times 
into the adjacent states. 



ifej. 



J. E. Normandeau 



The Business Section of Concord 



2S1 



Although the business in which Mr. 
Normandeau is engaged is as old as 
history itself, yet in recent years there 
have been wonderful developments in 
the use of cement and concrete in con- 
struction work. Aside from the sterl- 
ing business principles which he em- 
ploys, Mr. Xormandeau may attribute 
a large part of his success to the fact 
that he has kept fully abreast of the 
times as regards the now and scientific 
methods of construction used in his 
Avork. Therefore if a man finds fault 
with a job of cement work, he should 
"blame the contractor, not the cement. 



W. Houghlett, and three years from 
that time the hitters' interest was pur- 
chased by Mr. A. H. Brit ton, who has 
been sole proprietor since. 

The growth of the business has been 
steady and has increased to such an 
extent that it reaches all over Merri- 
mack County. The firm occupies two 
floors and a basement at 12 North 
Main Street and has a large ware- 
house in the rear. Aside from a full 
line of hardware, stoves, paint, oil and 
glass, there is connected with the 
business a sheet-metal workshop, the 
oldest and largest of its Had in the 




A. H. Britton's Store 



A. H. Brittox & Company 
The hardware business of A. H. 
Britton & Company, situated at 12 
North [Main Street, was established 
in 1885 by Frank O. Scribner and 
George W. Britton, under the firm 
name of Scribner & Britton. Upon 
the death of Mr. Scribner, in 1S95, 
his interest in the business was pur- 
chased by Arthur H. Britton and the 
firm name changed to A. H. Britton & 
Company. Later the senior Mr. Brit- 
ton disposed of his interest to Edward 



city, employing several tinsmiths and 
doing all kinds of tin, sheet-iron and 
copper work. 

The proprietor, Arthur H. Britton, 
was born in Surrv, N. H., September 
28, 1865, the oldest child of George 
W. and Sarah H. Britton. When 
quite young his parents moved to 
Newport where he was educated in 
the public schools and later at Pough- 
keepsie, N. Y. Upon leaving school 
he came to Concord and entered his 
father's employ as a clerk and has 



2S2 



The Granite Monthly 



remained in the store ever since as 
clerk, equal partner and proprietor. 

He represented Ward Six of Con- 
cord in the legislature of 1901-02, and 
was elected a county commissioner in 
1004; he has since been elected five 
times, for terms of two years each, by 
largely increased majorities. Mr. 
Britton has taken an active interest 
in county affairs and has devoted 
much time and study to the duties 
of his important office. For several 
years Mr. Britton has been chairman 
of the Merrimack County Board of 
Commissioners and, at the present 
time, is also serving as chairman of 
the New Plampshire State Association 
of County Commissioners. Mr. Brit- 
ton's wide knowledge of county affairs 



including moldings and has built 
some of the most recent of the modern 
residences in this city. He has also 
erected many fine homes outside of 
Concord. 

The plant itself is complete in 
every detail and covers practically an 
acre of ground. The main building 
consists of two stories and a base- 
ment 35 feet by 75 feet. There is a large 
wing 22 by 40 feet, which contains 
the drying house and boiler rooms. 
In the rear is a great yard, with 
facilities for storing thousands of 
feet of lumber, and in the back of the 
yard is a large stable. 

Mr. Swain. has been in the building 
business for fourteen years and has 
had an experience of thirty-six years 






. 



■ 



Office and Mill of C. H. Swain & Co. 



has gained for him an enviable repu- 
tation among men "who specialize in 
that branch of public service. 

On February 14, 1895, Mr. Britton 
married Myrta M. Chase of Xewport. 
He is a member of Blazing Star lodge, 
A. F. & A. M. ; White Mountain Lodge 
and Canton Wildey, I. O. O. F.; Capi- 
tal Grange; Concord Lodge, B. P. O. 
E. ; Wonolancet Club, and is a director 
of the Mechanicks National Bank. 

C.-H. Swain & Company 
One of the largest and probably 

the best-equipped contractor and 
builder's shop in this section of the 
state is that of C. H. Swain & Com- 
pany at 2G Bridge Street, Concord. 
Mr. C. H. Swain, the owner and 
manager of this extensive business, 
deals in ail kinds of building lumber, 



as a carpenter. In 1901' he started 
in business in the old Ferrin building, 
and in 1903 moved to the building 
in the rear of Emmons' store, where 
he remained until his new Bridge 
Street plant was completed, in 1912. 
Mr. Swain is a high type of citizen and 
the city is indeed fortunate to include 
his business within its boundaries, 

The William B. Durgin Company 
Concord is justly proud of its lead- 
ing manufacturing interest, the 
William B. Durgin Company, in- 
corporated, makers of the highest 
type sterling silverware. The con- 
cern is a source of civic pride, not 
alone for sentimental reasons, but for 
the practical reason that it is bringing 
thousands of dollars into the city 
annually. This nationally prominent 



The Business Section of Concord 



283 



company employe in the vicinity of 

two hundred skilled workmen of the 
highest type — mm who are a credit 
to any community. The fact that 
the Durgin Company has an enviable 
reputation from coast to coast and 
from the Gulf to Canada has given 
the widest and best kind of publicity 
to the city wherein it is located, thus 
affording another reason for the civic 
pride above mentioned. The men 
are given steady employment now. in 
spite, of the unhappy conditions that 
prevail abroad, and the company has 



S2 



Street theatre. In 1904 (hat building 
was vacated and the company moved 
into the modern plant which it now 
occupies. Before the change in lo- 
cation was made, the William B. 
Durgin corporation was formed. 

In 1905, before the deaths of Mr. 
Durgin and his son, George, the 
majority of the company stock was 
purchased by New York capitalists 
who secured the services of Barton P. 
Jenks and elected him president and 
general manager. In 1906 the com- 
pany purchased the plant and good- 





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William B. Durgin Factory 



evinced its faith in the signs of 
approaching prosperity by making 
extensive additions to the beautiful 
and well-kept plant which is located 
on White Street, opposite White Park. 
The company was founded in 1853, 
when William B. Durgin, an eminent 
citizen who died in 1905, came to this 
city and started a small business near 
the Free Bridge Road. He had been 
born in Campton and had served as 
an apprentice with the Newell-Hard- 
ing Company of Boston, Mass. His 
high business principles won for him 
immediate recognition, and about 
fifty years ago he erected a factory on 
the present site of Conn's School 



wnll of Goodnow & Company, the 
Boston concern with which Mr. Jenks 
had formerly been identified. 

Mr. Jenks, the president of the 
company, is considered the foremost 
designer of silverware patterns in this 
country today, he having added to his 
enviable reputation by putting on the 
market four years ago a design which 
has since become the leader of all 
sterling silver flatware patterns, the 
Fairfax. This design was so success- 
ful that the market has since been 
flooded with some twenty imitations 
of it. 

The personnel of the company at 
the present time is: president, Barton 



284 



The Granite Monthly 



P. Jenks; vice-president and treas- 
urer, John B. Abbott; manager and 
superintendent. Edward E. Brown; 
assistant treasurer, John G. Kerr; 
directors, Edward Holbrook, John S. 
Holbrook, William S. Stone, Ben- 
jamin A. Kimball, Frank S. Streeter, 
Barton P. Jenks, John B. Abbott. 



A. B. Batchelder carried on the busi- 
ness alone until July 1, 1913. At that 
time he sold out to two of his faithful 
clerks, F. W. Crosby, who had been 



Batchelder & Company 
For practically one third of the 
hundred and fifty years which have 
elapsed since Concord was chartered 
as a town, the grocery business of 
Batchelder & Company has with- 
stood the effects of time and weath- 
ered many a financial panic at the old 
stand, 14 North Main Street. There 
is but one other store in the city that 
has as long a record. 
& In 1866, N. S. Batchelder, a native 
of Loudon, established the business 
which has been so successful for half 
a century. In 1867 John T, and 
A. B. Batchelder, brothers, but in no 






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/ 



Freeman W.' Crosby 

way related to the first proprietor, 
►bought out the business. This part- 
nership continued until the death of 
John T. Batchelder, in 1905, and Mr. 



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v 



Emerson Davis 



with the company thirteen years, and 
Emerson Davis, who had been con- 
nected with the firm for a period of 
nine years. These young men are 
continuing the business on the same 
substantial basis as their predecessors 
with the result that the growth of the 
concern is still healthy and increasing 
daily. 

The latest venture of the house, 
and one that will attract the atten- 
tion of the grocery trade of the coun- 
try., is the publishing of a mail order 
catalog which will be distributed 
freely all over the state of New Hamp- 
shire. A mailing list which includes 
the best trade in one hundred and 
sixty towns and cities of New Hamp- 
shire has been prepared and these 
families will receive the catalog quar- 
terly. Standard groceries are adver- 
tised on the left-hand pages of the 
booklet and on the right-hand pages 
are found the list of goods and the 
prices. It is expected that the com- 
pany will soon be handling a large 



The Business Section of Concord 



285 



mail order business as a result of the 
venture, the first of its kind in New 
Hampshire. . 

That the firm is up-to-date and 
alive to its opportunities is shown by 
the institution of a motor-car delivery 
system, whereby the radius of delivery 
has been increased to include Pena- 
cook, West Concord, St. Paul's School 
and Hopkinton. The city trade is 
also taken care of in the same manner. 
The firm of Batchelder & C.ompany 
has always handled the high-class 
and staple lines of groceries and has 
been eminently fair and just in its 
dealings with the public. Although 
the business is one of the most con- 
servative type, the proprietors have 
always kept fully up with the spirit 
of the times and only recently placed 
on the market a new brand of break- 
fast food called Swheatmeal, which 
already has become immensely popu- 
lar in this section. At the present 
time the firm has twelve employees 
and even with this large force it is 
necessary for Mr. Crosby and Mr. 
Davis to keep busy on the floor of 
the establishment all day long. 

George L. Theobald 
George L. Theobald, general con- 
tractor and dea er in horses, is one of 
of Concord's substantial citizens, and 
that he conducts an extensive busi- 
ness is evidenced by the fact that he 
gives employment to over thirty 
men and in his dray business, uses 
from thirty-five to forty horses. 

Mr. Theobald was born in Warrens- 
burg, X. Y., February 6, 1851, the 
oldest son of Joseph T. and Samantha 
(March) Theobald. He received his 
early education in the public schools 
of that city, but at the age of twelve 
years began to earn his own living, 
accepting employment then at the 
Rockwell Hotel at Lucerne, X. Y., 
where he remained until he was 
twenty. At that time he became a 
traveling salesman. In 1S74 he came 
to Manchester, where he started a 
general contracting business which he 
moved to Concord two vears Inter. 



Since 1876 Mr. Theobald has built 
up a flourishing lousiness for himself 
in this city. Aside from his general 
contracting business he is a dealer 
in horses and real estate and owns 
some fine racing stock. One of his 
largest contracting jobs was the 
Salem, (X. H.) race track, on which 
he employed six hundred men and 
two hundred fifty horses for a period 
of five months. Mr. Theobald has 
contributed considerable of his time 



George L. Theobald 

and energy to the upbuilding of, the 
Capital City and its interests. 

The Rumford Press 
The one hundred and fiftieth anni- 
versary of the chartering of Concord 
as a town has developed a large 
amount of interest in the growth and 
development of the city, and the 
various interests which make up the 
business life of Concord. Without 
any exaggeration it is. undoubtedly 
true that the one business which has 
made the greatest material strides in 
advance in the shortest space of time 
is the Rumford Press. It is not 
necessarv to go back a long number 



2S6 



The Granite Monthly 



of years and compare the business of 
that time with the company's business 
today in order to make a profound 
showing of growth, but merely turn 
back a few years in the pages of local 
business history and the interesting 
comparison will be evident. 

In the December, 1909, number of 
the Granite Monthly was an in- 



Aladdin-like growth of the local 
printing house become obvious. 

The history of the company, pre- 
vious to 1909, has already been thor- 
oughly covered in the issue of this 
magazine mentioned above, but it 
will be interesting to trace the growth 
from that period. In 1909 there was 
a reorganization of the old company. 







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The Ramford Press 



tere'sting and comprehensive sketch 
of the Ramford Press up to that time, 
in which the magnitude of the business 
was clearly set forth by stating that 
employment was given to sixty-five 
hands and the weekly payroll was 
between $700 and $800. Today, 
after the short space of six years, the 
total payroll is approximately $2,000 
per week and the number of hands 
employed is 150. Thus does the 



Plon. William E. Chandler was elected 
president, Dr. S. N. D. North and 
William S. Rossiter, vice-presidents, 
and John D. Bridge, treasurer and 
general manager. The board of di- 
rectors included Hon. William E. 
Chandler. William S. Rossiter, Hon. 
George H. Moses, Harlan C. Pearson 
and John D. Bridge. At that time 
the company occupied about three 
quarters of the old Monitor building 



The Business Section of Concord 



and today the entire building is in 
use as well as four large outside store- 
houses. 

The fact that the business has 
expanded since 1909 to the extent 
that it is now drawn from fifteen 
states in the Union may be attributed 
in part to the influence of the two 
new members of the firm, Mr. Wil- 
liam S. Rossiter and Dr. S. N. D. 
North, both men of national prom- 
inence in publication circles. A re- 
cent article on the history of the 
company says of them: 

"Doctor North for twenty years 
was actively engaged in journalism 
and literary pursuits. For six years 
he was the director of the United 
States Census, and is now statistician 
of the Carnegie Foundation for Inter- 
national Peace. He prepared the 
exhaustive report on printing and 
journalism at the Tenth Census, since 
regarded as a standard authority. 

"Mr. William S. Rossiter was chief 
clerk of the Federal Census, and was 
in charge of the printing and pub- 
lishing of the censuses of 1900 and 
1905. He was summoned to Wash- 
ington in 1900 to take charge of the 
publication of the Twelfth Census, 
and he lifted them out of the routine 
of government printing. It was this 
experience and service which led Pres- 
ident Roosevelt, in 1907, to select 
Mr. Rossiter for the difficult task of 
investigating and reorganizing the 
government printing office. Mr. 
Rossiter wrote the census reports 
of 1900 and 1905 on the printing in- 
dustry." 

The present treasurer and business 
manager of the company, Mr. John 
D. Bridge, first associated himself 
with the Rumford Press in 1902 and 
it was only through his own extensive 
knowledge of the printing business, 
combined with his shrewdness and 
energy, that the concern was kept to 
the fore and put upon a paying basis. 
Since the reorganization he has had 
the most prominent part in carrying 
out the stupendous amount of work 



which has been accomplished in the 
past few years. 

Recently the company printed the 
papers and publications of the Inter- 
national Congress of Applied Chemis- 
try, held in New York. The work con- 
sisted of over 6,000 pages in twenty- 
nine volumes, the whole printed in four 
languages and only about ten weeks' 
time was allowed for the work, the suc- 
cessful completion of which elicited the 
highest praise from eminent chemists 
and scientists of the whole world. 
This is but one of the large contracts 
that the company has recently filled, 
but it gives a very comprehensive idea 
of the magnitude of the plant that 
can handle such an immense job in a 
highly successful manner. 

The entire equipment of the plant 
is modern and the latest scientific 
methods are employed in conducting 
the business, not only of the mechan- 
ical end but of the clerical and office 
work as well. The heart of the plant 
is in the business office where direct 
tabs are kept on every piece of work, 
from the time it is received in manu- 
script form until it goes out of the 
building ready for shipment. 

Steady and permanent work is 
afforded by the com pan}* to its 
employees, all of whom are residents 
of Concord, and among the highest- 
paid class of citizens. For this reason 
alone the company is a great asset to 
the Capital City, but its worth to 
the municipality is further manifest 
through the fact that it is constantly 
bringing before the people of other 
states, and even of other countries, 
the name "Concord, N. H." In 
this day of hustle and bustle, when 
all the cities in the country are im- 
pressing upon their respective board 
of trade and other civic organiza- 
tions the necessity of advertising the 
municipality, the value of advertising 
a city name is highly appreciated and 
the capital of New Hampshire could 
not receive more favorable publicity 
than through the imprint of the 
Rumford Press. 



2SS 



The Granite Monthly 



The Evans Pafess 
When a printer can keep fully 
abreast of the times in the transaction 
of his business he must necessarily be 





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Ira Leon Evans 

a hustler, for, in these days of modern 
business and intensive advertising, 
the demands on this trade are great. 
Ira Leon Evans, proprietor of the 
Evans Press at 27 North Main Street, 
is a keen student of his own business, 
ever awake and watching for the op- 
portunity to keep step with progress 
in the rapid onward march of the 
printing business. 

Born July 14, 1884, he was educated 
in Concord public schools, graduating 
from the high school in 1905 and at 
once entering the business of his 
father, the late Ira C. Evans, who 
was one of the best-known printers 
in the state. Although he had worked 
at the trade off and on since June 
28, 1897, it was on Dec. 3, 1910, that 
he started business for himself in a 
small way, but careful attention to 
details has caused the business to ex- 
pand wonderfully since its institution, 
and he now has one of the largest 
and best-equipped plants in the city. 



His work, which is of the highest 
character, always bears the union 
label. 

Mr. Evans is affiliated with many 
local fraternal organizations and clubs. 
He is public spirited to a high degree, 
ever anxious to assist in any project 
of civic interest. He is a Republican 
and was elected to the last legislature 
from Ward Four, receiving the largest 
vote of any candidate in the ward. 
Mr. Evans married Ruth H. Buntin 
on October 7, 1908, and they have 
two children, Carl and Charlotte. 

Thomas J. Dyer 
Thomas J. Dyer, one of the well 
known and popular printers, was 
born in Graniteville, Mass., on Sep- 
tember 22, 1875. His father, the 
late Josiah B. Dyer, was for many 
years secretary of the Granite Cutters' 
National -Union and editor of the 
Stone Trade News and Building Jour- 
nal. Mr. Dyer was educated in the 
public schools of Brooklyn, N. Y., 



hut 



k 



& 



Thomas J. Dyer 

Philadelphia and Barre, Yt., coming 
to Concord in 1891, where he learned 
the printing trade. In 1900 he en- 
tered business for himself and now 



The Business Section of Concord 



289 



runs a job printing establishment in 
the State Block at 77 North Main 
Street. He has been keen to follow 
the latest ideas in printing and turns 
out a large quantity of high-class work. 

Mr. Dyer has received many politi- 
cal honors at the hands of his con- 
stituents in Ward Six, he being a 
steadfast Republican. In 1905 and 
1906, he was ward clerk. In 1907 
and 1908, he represented the ward in 
common council of the city. He was 
reelected to the council in 1909 and 
1910. In this body he was for four 
years clerk of the Committee on 
Accounts and Claims and a member 
of the Committee on Bills on Second 
Reading. He was chairman of the 
latter committee for two years and 
in 1913-14 was supervisor of the 
checklist. 

Mr. Dyer has been active in all 
the work of the local board of trade; 
is affiliated with a number of local 
organizations and clubs and as secre- 
tary of the anniversary advertising 
and printing committee, has had much 
to do with making Concord's 150th 
Anniversary a great success. 

Joseph O. W. Phaneuf 
Few, indeed, are better known in 
this locality than Joseph O. W. 
Phaneuf, son of Joseph and Malvina 
(Jarest) Phaneuf, who was born 
March 19, 1877. His parents are of 
French Canadian descent, his father 
leaving St. Hyacinthe, P. Q., in 1868 
to enter the employ of the Concord 
People, where he remained until 1893, 
when he established himself. Mr. 
Phaneuf 's mother came to Concord in 
1871 and on February 28, 1876, his 
parents were married at St. John's 
Church by the late Rev. John E. 
Barry. 

Joseph, eldest of seven children, 
graduated from the Sacred Heart 
School in June, 1892, and started his 
career as a printer in August of the 
same year, being deeply interested in 
the art of printing and composition. 
Although his parents did not favor 
the trade chosen by him, the reading 



of printers' journals and the intense 
enthusiasm of his father for the trade 
were too hard for him to overcome. 

At the completion of his appren- 
ticeship he was taken in partnership 
with his father, and, in spite of the 
panic in 1S93-96. the firm prospered. 
Persistent advertising had its usual 
effect and in 1899 Phaneuf & Son 
were confronted with the necessity 
of enlarging the plant or selecting 
desirable customers. They finally de- 
cided against enlarging and adopted 



Joseph O. W. Phaneuf 

the policy that they have always kept 
up since then, namely: "Not Big 
Business in Large Quantities, but 
Good Business at the Right Price. 7 ' 
That they have been successful goes 
without saying and today "Quality 
Printing" and "Printed by Phaneuf & 
Son" mean the same. Their list of 
customers comprise one of the most 
exclusive in the city. Since the death 
of his father, the affairs of the firm 
have been ably taken care of by the 
junior partner. 

Mr. Phaneuf is a member of the 
executive committee of the Board 
of Trade which had full charge of 



290 



The Granite Monthly 



the One Hundred Fiftieth Anniver- 
sary observance and in that capacity 
has worked diligent!}' for its success. 
He has held important offices. in the 
Canados, St. Jean Baptiste and St. 
Vincent de Paul, fraternal and chari- 
table societies devoted to the interests 
of the French-speaking population 
of Concord, and belongs to several 
social and fraternal organizations, 
among which might be mentioned 
the Foresters of America. Improved 
Order of Red Men, Fraternal Order 
of Eagles, White Mountain Travelers' 
Association, Concord Typographical 
Union, New Hampshire Press Asso- 
ciation, Concord Board of Trade and 
the Concord Press Club. He is demo- 
cratic in principles, believes in equal 
suffrage and the single tax. 

Ira C. Evans Company 

Among Concord's most prosperous 
business interests is the Ira C. Evans 
Company, which is the outgrowth of 
the printing plant established by 
the late Ira C. Evans in 1884. Roy 
E. George, the present manager of 
the establishment, entered the em- 
ploy of Mr. Evans on May 1, 1892, 
and at the death of the latter, January 
22, 1902, assumed the management 
of the plant, in which capacity he 
has proven himself to be a most 
successful and progressive business 
man, the present output of the plant 



more than doubling under his direct 
supervision. The high standard 
adopted by Mr. Evans has been con- 
tinually added to by the present 
concern, which is ranked as one of 
largest and best in the state. 

Hoy E. George was born in Bristol. 
September 7, 1871, the son of Frank 
H. and Martha J. (Currier) George. 
He was educated in the public schools 
of this city and on January 12, 1898, 
was married to Mabel • Florence, 
daughter of Ira C. and Helen G. 
Evans. They have two children, 
Robert Arthur, fifteen, and Frank 
Evans, who is eleven years of age. 

He is prominently affiliated with 
several fraternal and socia organiza- 
tions, being a member of Eureka 
Lodge, A. F. & A. M., Trinity Royal 
Arch Chapter, Horace Chase Council, 
Mount Horeb Commandery, Knights 
Templar, New Hampshire Consis- 
tory, and Bektash Temple, Mystic 
Shrine. He is connected with the 
Sons of Veterans and is a member of 
the Wonolancet Club. Mr. George is 
also a director in the Concord Build- 
ing and Loan Association. 

The present Ira C Evans Company 
does both job and book printing of 
the best character, and offers employ- 
ment to many Concord people. Its 
plant occupies two floors and base- 
ment in the Insurance Building at 
12 School Street. 






.-■**h 



211 



CONCORD'S NEW BRIDGES 



One hundred and fifty years ago, 
when the proprietors of the ,k Planta- 
tion of Penny-cook"' were granted a 
town charter by the provincial legis- 
lature, bridges across the Merrimack 
Biver had hardly been dreamed of and 
crossing of the river in the summer was 
by ferries, and in the winter upon the 
ice. So forty years after the granting 
of the charter, when the first bridge 
built in this city was thrown open to 
the public with gay ceremonies on 
October 29, 1795, it is little wonder 
that the inhabitants considered the 
completion of the undertaking as an 
epoch-making event. 

Today, one hundred and ten years 
after the opening of the first bridge, 
the city is engaged in the work of 
erecting five massive steel structures 
which will bridge several streams all 
within the city limits, and but com- 
paratively few people of the city real- 
ize the work which is going on, and a 
less number appreciate the magnitude 
or cost of the undertaking. 

In October, 1795, the first structure, 
known as the Concord Bridge, cross- 
ing the Merrimack at the foot of 
Water Street, was thrown open to the 
public. In the fall of 1798 the first 
" Federal bridge.' 1 located over the 
Merrimack at East Concord, was 
opened to travel. Five times this 
bridge was swept away by freshets, 
the sixth and present bridge being 
erected in 1873. The first main 
highway bridge, between Penacook 
and Boscawen, was erected in 1826 
and since that time two other bridges 
have replaced the first, the last being 
built in 1898. The first Sewell's' 
Falls Bridge was built in 1832. but like 
the Federal bridges it was often car- 
ried away by floods, being rebuilt 
three times. History does not re- 
cord when the first bridge was built 
across the canal near Holden's Mills 
in Penacook. 

These five bridges were of three dis- 
tinct styles, and are mentioned be- 
cause they are the ones that are now 



being replaced by the city. The new 
bridges will be of a fourth style, the 
first of the type used in this section, 
and the best ever erected in this part 
of the country. The balance-beam 
bridge was the type in general use in 
this locality until about 1S50, but 
none of the bridges that are to be re- 
placed were of this type. The second 
style was a lattice bridge, supported 
on stone piers and covered with a long 
shingle roof. The Concord Bridge, 
now called the Pembroke Bridge; the 
Sewell's Falls Bridge, and the Bur- 
rough Bridge, over the canal near the 
Holden Mills in Penacook, were all of 
this type. The third style of bridge, 
first introduced some thirty years 
ago, and no longer practical on ac- 
count of the evolution in the methods 
of travel, was the open, iron-truss 
bridge and the Federal Bridge, still 
called by that name, and the Pena- 
cook Bridge, now called the Main 
Street Bridge, were examples of this 
particular type. The fourth style of 
bridge to be built during the history 
of Concord is a massive, steel struc- 
ture, as stated above, with solid con- 
crete rioors, designed to carry the 
heaviest type of motor vehicle or trac- 
tion engine. 

In the spring of 1914, after several 
large auto trucks had broken through 
city bridges, the board of public 
works ordered the city engineer to 
make an inspection of all bridges 
within the confines of the city, with 
the result that in his report he recom- 
mended that the five bridges just 
mentioned be strengthened or re- 
placed with suitable modern struc- 
tures. At a later meeting the engi- 
neer was authorized to instruct the 
local engineering firm of Storrs & 
Storrs to draw plans and specifica- 
tions for the purpose of securing bids 
for the construction of a new Pem- 
broke bridge. This was done and an 
exceptionally low price secured by 
reason of the prevailing financial 
affairs at home and abroad, caused by 



292 



The Granite Monthly 



the European War. The lowest bid 
was 25 per cent under the normal 
price for similar work, and this so 
encouraged the city government that 
the firm of Storrs £ Storrs was asked 
to furnish plans and specifications for 
the four other bridges. The same 
low figures were received on these 
other bridges, the city making a total 
saving of some .$20,000 by doing the 
work at this time. 

The new structures will be the high- 



two 157-foot spans, making a total 
length of 449 feet, with an 18-foot 
roadway. Seweil's Falls Bridge — one 
168-foot span, one 170-foot span, mak- 
ing a total of 338 feet in length, with 
an 18-foot roadway. 

The firm of Storrs & Storrs is the 
only engineering firm in New England 
making a specialty of bridge design, 
and that they are engineers of the 
highest character is evidenced by the 
expression of confidence which this 




Offices of Storrs & Storrs 



est type of highway bridges to be 
found in New England, and the fol- 
lowing dimensions will be of inter- 
est: Pembroke Bridge — two spans 
of 152 feet, one of 85 feet, and one of 
81 feet, a total of 470 feet in length, 
with an 18-foot roadway and a 5-foot 
walk. Main Street Bridge — three 
spans of 63 feet each, a total of 1S9 
feet in length, with a 25-foot roadway 
and two 5-foot sidewalks. Borough 
Bridge — one 95-foot span with an 
18-foot roadway and 5-foot sidewalk. 
Federal Bridge — one 135-foot span, 



city displayed in their ability when the 
work of drawing plans and specifica- 
tion for the construction of five new 
bridges, as well as the supervision of 
the construction work itself, was 
placed in their hands. 

The firm, formed in 1909, has ex- 
tensive and well-appointed offices at 
59 North Main Street. The senior 
member of the firm, John W. Storrs, 
was born in Montpelier, Vt., but has 
resided in this city for the past forty 
years. For twenty years he was em- 
ployed by the Boston k Maine Rail- 



Apple Bloom 



293 



road to supervise newjconstruetion 
and the building of bridges. In 1903 
he was made stare engineer for Car- 
roll. Coos, and Grafton counties 
and has also served as consulting en- 
gineer for the Montpelier and Wells 
River and the Woodstock railroads. 
At the present time he is chief engi- 
neer for the New Hampshire Public 
Service Commission. He is a mem- 
ber both the Boston and American 
Societies of Civil Engineers. 

Edward D. Storrs, junior member 



of the firm and son of the senior mem- 
ber, was born in Concord on February 
20, 1SS6, graduating from the Concord 
High School in 1901 and getting prac- 
tical education along engineering lines 
by working for two years with the 
Boston <fc Maine, and for one year 
with the Empire Bridge Company at 
Elmira. X. Y. Returning to this city 
he entered business with his father and 
the firm has already achieved an en- 
viable reputation in the engineering 
circles of the East. 



APPLE BLOOM 

By Thomas H. Stacy 

I want the orchard fields today, spread wide 
In sunkissed green; where' mid a sapphire sky, 

On leaning tree-trunks, books and walls beside, 
Rest clouds of pink and white, which never fly. 

I want the fragrance of the apple bloom, 
As petals fall like careless, sifting snow, 

— From tangled feet of bees, that hum and boom,- 
In tapestries, upon the grass below. 

O clouds of at tared blossoms, sweeter far 

Than jars which ships from orient harbors bring: 

As beautiful as their fulfillment are. 
These promises of ladened harvesting. 

'Mid zephyrs flying over hill and tree, 
And odors drifting on the drowsy air, 

The orchard fields are softly calling me, 
For apple trees are blooming over there. 



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CONCORD'S WONOLANCET CLUB 



One Concord institution which has 
had a most beneficial effect on the 
municipality is the Wonolancet Club, 
for not only has it proven an ideal 
social center, but. as an organization, 
it has taken a deep and active in- 
terest in all civic betterment move- 
ments, and has provided its members 
with unusual opportunities to hear 
some of the foremost" men of the 
country speak on subjects of vital 
interest and importance. Then again 
the democratic sentiment which pre- 
vails in the organization produces an 
ideal atmosphere for the moulding 
of public-spirited citizens. 

The present club home is an attract- 
ive edifice, centrally located, at the 
corner of North State and Pleasant 
streets. The ground floor contains, 
besides the large entrance halls, a 
lounging room, card and reading 
rooms, the directors' suite and the 
recently installed library. On the 
second floor is a large hall, used for 
entertainments, lectures and dances, 
and also another spacious room, 
formerly a grill room, which is oc- 
casionally used for dining purposes. 
The third floor contains the con- 
veniently arranged and modern 
equipped kitchens, while in the base- 
ment is found the popular billiard 
and pool room, with its six tables in 
almost constant use. 

The head of the club today is Gen. 
Frank Sherwin Streeter, a well-known 
resident of the Capital City, who has 
achieved a wide reputation as an 
attorney. General Streeter, who has 
been head of the club for the past 
ten years, has interested himself 
deeply in its welfare and during his 
long term of office the club has made 
wonderful strides in the matter of 
growth and influence. It was through 
him that an unknown donor pre- 
sented a carefully selected library of 
several thousand volumes to the club 
in December, 1912. Afterwards, the 
secret of the donor's identity became 
known and President Streeter's own 



generosity, which he had modestly 
tried to keep hidden, was found to be 
at the bottom of the anonymous gift. 
By reason of his wide influence many 
of the best-known men in public life 
have been induced to address the 
members on a variety of timely and 
helpful topics. 

The Wonolancet Club was formed 
on June 6, 1391, and the object of 
the organization was to promote 
athletic activity in the city and 
particularly among the members. 
Rooms were leased in the Chase 
Block on North Main Street, and a 
gynmasium fitted out in the most 
approved manner. An athletic in- 
structor was engaged and thereafter 
the Wonolancet Club was represented 
by some of the best athletic teams 
that the city has ever had. 

For nearly ten years the club re- 
mained in the old quarters, but 'the 
leaders never allowed the interest 
in the organization to deteriorate. 
Id fact it is due in no small measure 
to these leaders that different methods 
and means were employed, from time 
to time, to stimulate new interest in 
the club, for the purpose of insuring 
a healthy and substantial growth. 
In 1900 the question of enlarging the 
quarters was discussed and as a result 
of the agitation at that time the 
Fuller property at the corner of 
North State and Pleasant streets was 
purchased. Plans were secured, and 
in July, 1901, the club occupied the 
new building which is used as its 
present home. The new club house 
made possible the amalgamation of 
the University Club with the Wono- 
lancet, which was greatly to the ad- 
vantage of both organizations. 

Aside from the activities of the 
club already mentioned, there is a 
course of high class musical and 
dramatic entertainments each season, 
frequent Sunday afternoon musicals 
and the usual social dances, which 
are particularly popular with the 
vounger members. 



1 C {U 



QW-y-tu^Tu^y W- ffite4s&s 



m 



CAPITAL CITY WOMEN 



Concord has been known for gener- 
ations, not as a great manufacturing 
town, or a hustling center of commer- 
cial activity, but, in addition to its 
political importance, as the seat of 
culture and refinement, of social, 
civic and educational progress. For 
its position in this regard it is largely 
indebted to its women, among whom 
have been many of the state's most 
active leaders along the lines of social 
and civic betterment, charitable and 
benevolent organization, musical art, 
and intellectual advancement. The 
Concord Woman's Club has long stood 
at the head among kindred organiza- 
tions in the state; the woman's char- 
itable and temperance organizations 
of the city are unsurpassed in influ- 
ence and usefulness; the Shakespeare 
Club and other literary societies have 
long done good work; Rumford Chap- 
ter, D. A. R., ranks high among 
patriotic organizations; the Friendly 
Club is without a peer in the state in 
what it has done and is doing to 
promote the social and moral welfare 
of the girls of the city, and to the 
women of the organization is largely 
■due the success of the Concord Ora- 
torio Society. Concord, indeed, has 
good reason to be proud of its women, 
to a few of whom only, can reference 
be made in this connection. 



Armenia S. White 
Everywhere and at all times, for a 
.generation past, Armenia S. White 
has been universally accorded first 
place among the women of Concord 
and of New Hampshire. Others may 
have been more prominent in social 
life, and in the activities which have 
characterized the progressive woman- 
hood of the state in recent years; 
■"but for more than two score years 
Mrs. White was the leader among 
New Hampshire women, in all chari- 
table, reform and philanthropic work, 
as well as in the important move- 



ments, whose progress has made 
possible the prominent part which 
woman is now taking in the vital 
affairs of life. 

Born in Mendon, Mass., November 
1, 1817, of Quaker parentage, daugh- 
ter of John and Harriet (Smith) 
Aldrich, she removed with her parents 
to Boscawen in this state in 1830, and 
on her nineteenth birthday anniver- 
sary became the wife of the late 
Nathaniel White, whose worthy ca- 
reer is briefly sketched elsewhere in 
this issue, and from that time to the 
present — a period of nearly eighty 
years— she has been an active factor 
in the life of the community. In 
1848 the family occupied the residence 
on School Street, which has ever 
since been the seat of generous hos- 
pitality and of model American home 
life, whose presiding genius has been 
as perfect a type of modest woman- 
hood, as she has been earnest in her 
efforts for the promotion of human 
welfare. 

The story of Mrs. White's unas- 
suming, yet most efficient work in 
various lines of effort for the better- 
ment of humanity, in city, state and 
nation, needs no detailed mention 
here. It is known to the world, and 
has been recounted in some measure 
in the pages of the Granite Monthly 
in the past. In anti-slavery, tem- 
perance, peace, woman suffrage, and 
general charitable work she has been 
ever at the front, and her interest 
in all good causes is as strong in her 
ninety-eighth year as ever in the past. 
Her active life in Concord has covered 
more than half of the period since 
the granting of the charter whose 
one hundred fiftieth anniversary is 
now celebrated, and no one has 
contributed more than she to the 
record of progress that has been made, 
or has a better right to rejoice therein. 

Of the seven children born to Mr. 
and Mrs. White, two only survive — 
Mrs. Armenia E. Hobbs, and Benja- 



298 



The Granite Monthly 



min C. White of this city, with an 
adopted daughter, Harriet S. — Mrs. 
D. P. Dearborn of Brattleboro, Vt. 

Mary Parker Woodworth 
The first New Hampshire graduate 
from Yassar College, and the first 
woman member of the Concord Board 
of Education, Mary Parker Wood- 
worth, ranks properly among the 
first of our Capital City women in all 
that makes for educational progress 
and social and civic well being. 
Born on Sugar Hill, Lisbon, May 3, 




Mrs. Mary P. Woodworth 

1849, daughter of Charles and Amelia 
(Bennett) Parker, she fitted for college 
at St. Johnsbury (Vt.) Academy, 
being the only girl in a class of nine, 
six of whom entered Dartmouth. 
Entering Yassar in the sophomore 
year she graduated with first honor in 
1870, taught for a time in St. Johns- 
bury Academy, and at St. Agnes Hall, 
Bellows Falls, Vt. ; married the late 
Albert B. Woodworth, afterward 
mayor of Concord, September 30, 
1873, and has since had her home here. 
Deeply interested in music, litera- 
ture, and all lines of educational and 



social progress, she has given thought 
and effort, in unlimited measure to 
their promotion. She served nine 
years with great efficiency as a mem- 
ber of the board of education, declin- 
ing a reelection in 1899. She was 
president of the Concord Woman's 
Club from 1897 to .1899: has been 
chairman of the Scholarship Fund 
of the New Hampshire Federation 
of Women's Clubs, the object of 
which is the normal training of girls 
for rural teachers, since its beginning 
in 1904. She is a member of the Yas- 
sar and Collegiate Alumnae associa- 
tions, and has been twice president 
of the Boston Branch. An active 
adherent of the Protestant Episcopal 
Church, she has been president of the 
Woman's Auxiliary of .the General 
Board of Missions since 1912. She 
is a graceful writer and a ready 
speaker, in support of all causes in 
which she is interested. 

Mrs. Woodworth has three children 
— Edward Knowlton, of the law 
firm of Streeter, Demond, Wood- 
worth & Sulloway; Charles Parker, 
assistant treasurer of the Woodstock 
Lumber Company, at Boston, and 
Grace, active in the charitable and 
social organizations of Concord. 

Mrs. Lilian Carpenter Streeter 
To Mrs. Lilian Carpenter Streeter 
Concord's women's organizations owe 
much. She has the honor of being 
the founder and first president of 
the Woman's Club and also bears 
the title of "Founder and Honorary 
President" of the New Hampshire 
Federation of Woman's Club. Hav- 
ing lived in Concord since 1S77, she 
has always been active in every social, 
educational, and philanthropic move- 
ment that has been brought to her 
notice, and has in all her action 
commanded the support and hearty 
cooperation of her sex. 

She is the daughter of Julia Good- 
hall and Hon. A. P. Carpenter, chief 
justice of New Hampshire, and grand- 
daughter of Hon. Ira Goodhall (Dart- 
mouth College, 1777), the first min- 



Capital City Women 



299 



ister of the Congregational Church in 
Littleton, N. PL, a life-long resident 
of the Granite State. 

Having come to Concord with her 
husband, Frank Sherwin Streeter, in 
1877, she immediately became in- 
terested in all deserving interests. 
As the prime mover and organizer of 
the Concord Ramabai Circle, as a 
trustee of the Margaret Pillsbury 
General Hospital, as leader of an 
earnest band of King's Daughters, 
as a devoted member and teacher of 
the Unitarian Sunday school, she 
has given true, devoted, and unselfish 
service in every relation, at the same 
time fulfilling every demand of the 
social life of the Capital City, of 
which she is one of its brightest orna- 
ments. 

One of the first things Mrs. Streeter 
succeeded in accomplishing, after the 
founding of the Woman's Club, was 
the organizing of the Charities of 
Concord. Having failed in her first 
agitation, while chairman of the 
Philanthropic Committee of the Wo- 
man's Club, she gave an address upon 
charities organization before the Wo- 
man's Alliance of the Unitarian 
Church, at which all ministers and 
officers of charitable societies ; in town, 
were present. At the close of the 
address a committee of five, with 
Mrs. Streeter as chairman, was ap- 
pointed to see about forming a Char- 
ities Organization Society in Concord. 
The society was organized March 23, 
1903. She was vice-president of the 
same until 1910 when she resigned. 

Mrs. Streeter is connected with 
almost every social organization of 
the state. She was secretary of State 
Board of Charities and Corrections 
from 1899 to 1901; chairman from 
1910 to 1911, when she resigned on 
account of poor health; chairman of 
Committee on Dependent Children, 
State Conference of Charities and 
Corrections, since 1910; chairman of 
New Hampshire Children's Commis- 
sion, 1913-15; representative from 
New Hampshire, chosen by President 
Roosevelt, to attend the National 



Conference of Dependent Children 
called by him at the White House in 
January, 1909; now chairman of the 
New Hampshire Children's commis- 
sion of three members, authorized by 
the legislature of 1913. Her report 
has been called for from all over the 
United States, from the Atlantic to 
the Pacific coast, and from Maine to 
Alabama; secretary of Concord's Dis- 
trict Nursing Association from organ- 
ization, in 1899, to 1909; president 




Mrs. Frank. S. Streeter 

from 1909 to 1913, when she resigned. 
She is now honorary president; now 
also chaplain for New Hampshire 
of Membership and Finance Commit- 
tee of National Association for Pub- 
lic Health Nursery. Member North 
American Academy of Political Sci- 
ence; member of Social Service Com- 
mission of Diocese of New Hampshire 
since its formation in 1909, a member 
of Social Service Commission of Pri- 
mary Synod of the province of New 
England, the only woman on the 
commission; member of Visiting Com- 
mittee of Orphans' Home at St. Paul's 
School. 

At the last National Conference of 



300 



The Granite Monthly 



Charities and Corrections, held in Bal- 
timore, May 12, 1915, Mrs. Streeter 
gave a paper entitled, "The Relation 
of Mental Defect to the Neglected, De- 
pendent, and Delinquent Children of 
Xew Hampshire." She is the only 
woman who ever gave a paper of this 
kind at a national conference. 

Mrs. Streeter is a member of the 
Rumford Chapter. D. A. R., and is 
also prominently affiliated with the 
Shakespeare, Friendly, Golf and Coun- 
try Clubs. 

Mrs. Maey Smith Remick 

Of all Concord's leading women 
among the most prominent is Mrs. 
Mary Smith Remick. Probably no 
other woman in the city or, more 
probably, in the state is more gener- 
ally affiliated with woman's clubs, 
charity work, and social conditions. 
She is known not only in the city of 
Concord and the state of New Hamp- 
shire, but all over the United States 
as a leader of women's organizations. 

Mrs. Remick was born in Bangor, 
Me., July, 1862. When she was twelve 
years old her family moved to Marl- 
boro, Mass., where she resided until 
she reached the age of twenty-four 
years. The Pendietons then moved 
to Hartford, Conn. On December 5, 
1888, Mary Smith Pendleton married 
James W. Remick. Soon after Mr. 
and Mrs. Remick moved to Littleton, 
where Mr. Remick engaged in the 
practice of law. 

From the first he had remarkable 
success and in the year 1SS9 he was 
made district attorney. In 1901 he 
was appointed justice of the supreme 
court. This appointment necessi- 
tated the removal of the family from 
Littleton 1o Concord. 

In Concord Mrs. Remick immedi- 
ately became prominent in all affairs 
with which women were connected, 
and soon became a worker in the 
Woman's Club and charity work. 
In 1911 she was elected president of 
the Woman's Club and, upon election, 
began to bring about some needed 
reforms in the city and state. Through 



constant agitation she and her co- 
workers succeeded in having the city 
parks properly policed, a much needed 
thing. Perhaps the most important 
work carried on during Mrs. Remick's 
administration was the bringing about 
of the ruling by the Public Service 
Commission concerning the lowering 
of the car steps on the street-car lines 
of Concord. Through constant agi- 
tation and untiring labor, and only 
after many heated hearings, did the 
ruling come. The remarkable part 
of the whole story is that, although 
the railroad had its lawyers and 
conducted its case with their legal 
advice, the Woman's Club had no 
lawyer and the case was wholly con- 
ducted by Mrs. Remick. As every- 
one knows she won her case easily. 
Today it stands as a ruling all over 
the state. It was during her admin- 
istration, also, that the movement 
for the revival of high school dances 
in the High School Hall was started, 
which matured last year and that has 
brought such general satisfaction this 
term. 

During the legislature of 1911, under 
the auspices of the Woman's Club, 
an illustrated lecture was held in 
Representatives Hail, on ''Weights 
and Measures. " Through Mrs. Rem- 
ick's influence, Dr. Fisher of Wash- 
ington, Mr. Palmer of Massachusetts, 
and Hugh Henry of Vermont, spoke 
at the meeting. After this lecture a 
public one was held in the Parish 
House, which was largely attended. 
Strange to relate this bill was killed 
and has been killed every time it has 
come up since. However, Mrs. Rem- 
ick has not given up and will keep up 
her fight until it is passed. 

Four years ago Mrs. Remick was 
chairman of the Eastern Division at 
the Council Division held in Washing- 
ton. One year ago she took up the 
duties of chairman of the Industrial 
and Social Committee in the General 
Federation of Woman's Clubs. This is 
a federation of two million women, with 
an endowment fund of 1100,000. 
One can readily see the importance of 



Capital City Women 



301 



this position. At the last convention 
of this federation in Chicago, at which 
there were ten thousand present, Mrs. 
Remick had a conference on "Indus- 
trial and Social Conditions," at which 
were present representatives from all 
over the United States. Her con- 
ference was a great success. 

During the last session of the 
legislature, she was a member of the 
Legislative Committee and also is 
secretary of the Conference on Chari- 
ties and Corrections, of which Bishop 
Parker is president, and Mrs. Charles 
P. Bancroft is treasurer. 

Besides holding these important 
positions, Mrs. Remick holds several 
minor places of honor in the many 
organizations with which Concord 
abounds. She has been a member of 
the board of trustees of the Pembroke 
Sanatorium for many years, and has 
been very active for its welfare. She 
has been a member of the board of 
trustees of the Woman's Hospital for 
some time. She is chairman of the 
Friendly Visitors, a Concord charity 
organization which has done fine 
work; third vice-president of the 
Friendly Club, serving her second 
term, and at the last annual meeting 
of the New Hampshire Federation 
she was elected vice-president. 



more than fifty years. She has been 
for many years an active and inter- 
ested member of the Concord Wo- 
man's Club, serving on its Philan- 
thropy Committee, and as vice-pres- 
ident and president for two terms 
each. She has been a prominent 
member of the famous old Concord 
Charitable Society, and has been its 
president, and also served many 
years as secretary of the Seamen's 
Friend Society. She is a woman of 
vigorous intellect and much strength 
of character, with strong domestic 






m •■ 



Mrs. William M. Chase 
Ellen Sherwood Abbott, wife of 
Hon. William M. Chase, daughter of 
the late Aaron and Nancy (Badger) 
Abbott, was born in Concord Novem- 
ber 15, 1S40, and was educated in 
the public school, at Miss Pickering's 
Young Ladies' School in Concord, and 
at Henniker Academy, and was united 
in marriage with Judge Chase, March 
18, 1863. She was a sister of the 
late Gen. Joseph C. Abbott, who 
eommanded the Seventh New Hamp- 
shire Regiment in the Civil War, was 
adjutant-general of New Hampshire 
and later United States senator from 
North Carolina. She has been a life- 
long resident of Concord, and a faith- 
ful and consistent member of the 
South Congregational Church for 



".: 



Mrs. William M. Chase 



tastes, but neglecting no duty to 
society or any just demand of the 
progressive spirit of the age. 

Mary Gordon Nichols Thorxe 
The newly elected president of the 
Concord Woman's Club, Mary Gor- 
don Nichols (Mrs. John C.) Thome, 
was born in Tremont, 111., of New 
England parentage. Her father is 
Nathaniel Gordon Nichols, born in 
Boston, a branch of the celebrated 
Scotch Gordons. Her mother's maiden 
name was Lucia Jane Lovejoy, a des- 



302 



The Granite Monthly 



cendant of the well-known Lovejoy 
family of Xew Hampshire. 

The subject of this sketch was edu- 
cated at the Normal University of 



three daughters of the late Capt. 
Richard and Mary A. Tucker. She 
was educated in the schools of her 
native city and Plaiufield, X. Y. 
She had also a fine musical education 
under the instruction of Xavarro. 
She left her parents' home to become 
a resident of Concord upon her mar- 
riage to Edwin C. Hoague, October 
1881, and, in her quiet way, has al- 
ways had an active part in the religi- 
ous and social life of the city. As a 
member of the Baptist Church, and a 
most successful teacher in its Sunday 
school, she has always taken an ac- 
tive part and a deep interest in all its 
activities. She was state president 
of the Woman's Auxiliarv of the 
Y. M. C. A. from 1893 * to 1899. 
Likewise she has been state president 
of the Woman's Home Missionary 
Society for several years. She was 
active in forming the District Xurs- 



Mrs. John C. Thome 

Illinois, and was married to John 
Calvin Thorne of Concord, July 8, 
1873, and has resided ever since in the 
Capital City. 

Mrs. Thorne has been prominent 
in philanthropic, charitable and 
church work for these many years. 
She was elected president of the Con- 
cord Woman's Club of three hundred 
and fifty members, the largest in our 
state, at the annual meeting in April 
last. She has been identified with 
the club ever since its organization — 
more than twenty years ago — serving 
as a member of many different com- 
mittees, and was its vice-president for 
the past two years. Her election as 
president at this time is a just tribute 
to a most faithful and able woman. 

Mrs. Mary Tucker Hoague. 
Mrs. Mary Tucker Hoague was 
born in New York, the eldest of the 



Mrs. Mary T. Hoague 

ing Association, and has served on 
the board of managers of the Friendly 
Club. Chosen in 1913 she con- 
ducted its affairs with marked success. 



Capital City Women 



303 



Mrs. L. J. H. Frost. 
Mrs. L. J. H. Frost (Lucy Jane 
Hutchins) has been well and widely 
known through her practical writings, 
in Concord., and far beyond its bor- 
ders, for many years. She has been a 
frequent and valued contributor for 
the Granite Monthly for a long 
time, as well as for" the newspaper 
press of this and other cities. She 
was born in West Concord, August 30, 
1830, the only daughter of John and 
Lucy Ann Mills Hutchins. When 



Frost had written a story which a 
friend who read the manuscript ad- 
vised her to send to the Waverly Mag- 
azinc for publication. She finally 
sent it, and awaited, with no little 
anxiety, the decision of Prof. George 
R. Poult on, who closely criticised all 
matter of the kind sent in for that 
publication. To her glad surprise the 
decision was favorable, and some 
years following her contributions fre- 
quently appeared in that paper. 
For the last fiftv years she has devoted 



ryp - • .->*■. •■ ...■>«:" ;.•:•.■'::-"" "- 






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Mrs. L. J. H. Frost 



she was three years old her parents 
removed to Billerica, Mass., where 
was her home until her marriage to 
Henry Frost, May 28, 1851. Upon 
the death of her husband, eight years 
later, she returned to Concord and 
made her home with her parents, who 
had also returned there and estab- 
lished their home in the city proper, 
at 16 Downing Street, where she has 
continued to reside since their death. 
Her only child, a son, died when five 
and a half years of age. 

When about sixteen vears old Mrs. 



much of her time to writing, both 
poetry and prose. She has written 
three books, of the religious novel 
class, suitable for Sunday school li- 
braries, 'of which one, "Lynda New- 
ton, or Life's Discipline,' 7 has been 
published. Her poems and prose 
Writings have appeared in many 
papers and magazines, and have been 
extensively read and appreciated. 
Her book of poems, :i Fireside Rev- 
eries,*' issued • from the Rumford 
Press in 1904, had an extensive sale, 
and is still in demand. 



304 



The Granite Monthly 



Concord Female Charitable 
Society 

One of the organizations, which 
has made a secure place for itself in 
the hearts of our citizens is the 
Concord Female Charitable Society 
which was formed in January, 1S12. 
U Its origin was most modest and 
its methods unobtrusive, but its 
growth has been constant, till the 
society has reached a usefulness far 
beyond the expectation of its founders. 

Concord was then a small town and 





V. 


t\ ■■-■ ■■ 




Y\ • 


. 



Elizabeth Kneeland McFarland 
Born 17S0 Died 1S3S 

Rev. Asa McFarland was pastor of 
the First Congregational Church. 
Mrs. McFarland, moved by the visit 
of her husband to a sick and destitute 
family, had suggested that an organ- 
ized effort be made to care for the poor 
and needy. Progressive as this plan 
must have seemed, twenty women 
subscribed to the paper which had 



been circulated and formed them- 
selves into the above-named society. 
The first officers were: president, 
Mrs. Sarah Livermore; secretary. 
Miss Sarah Kimball; treasurer, Mrs. 
Elizabeth Thompson. 

Up to the time of her death, Mrs. 
McFarland, for twenty years as 
''first directress'' and for six years 
as president, gave her loving service 
in its behalf. It was the ambition 
of these earnest women, not only 
to relieve suffering and want, but to 
prevent it. The poor were taught 
to spin and weave, and were paid for 
their work in cloth. The taxes of 
the members were often paid in flax. 

Monthly meetings of the officers 
and directors were held regularly on 
the first Tuesday of each month, a 
custom which has continued to the 
present date. 

The - society was incorporated in 
1853, and its funds are derived from 
membership fees, gifts and legacies. 
The first legacy was by John Kent 
in 1826, the amount being $50. Sub- 
sequent legacies of varying amounts 
have been received, until at the present 
time the Permanent Fund amounts to 
§21,050. During the first year the 
total amount expended was $23.38. 
For 19M the amount was 81,162.93. 

The society is undenominational 
and has a beneficiary list of especially 
worthy persons to whom five dollars 
is paid quarterly. Large sums have 
been expended for fuel, groceries and 
clothing, also for care of the sick, and 
many a home has been brightened by 
the kind ministrations of the faith- 
ful directors. 

The present officers are: president, 
Mrs. James Minot; vice-president, 
Miss Abby G. Fiske; secretary, Miss 
Effie M. Thorndike; treasurer, Mrs. 
Grace E. Foster. 



J*& 



THE SEWEL HOIT HOMESTEAD 



Its buildings were being erected during 
l£35-36, so that with Concord's one hun- 
dred and fiftieth anniversary the homestead 
celebrates its eightieth. The three elm trees 
were set out in 1836 and the cyclone of 1002 
so demolished one of them that it had to be cut 
down. The place is well preserved: the iden- 
tical colonial paper — a woodsy scene in green, 
with deer and rabbits in gray — which Sewel 
Hoit had placed on the walls of the front hall 
originally, is on the walls today. The daugh- 
ter and her husband, Mr. and Mrs. George 
W. Stevens, are the present owners and occu- 
pants of the <; Sewel Hoit place." A rare 
library, thousands of photographs, souvenirs 
of travel, old portraits, ancestral furniture 
and four colonial fire places furnish the 
home. 

Sewel Hoit was born at Sugar Ball in 
Hopkinton, February 2, ISO", son of William 
and Mary (French) Hoyt. His father died 



Sewel Hoit was the eldest of thirteen chil- 
dren. He was apprenticed to the SlSrpen- 
ter's trade and served until twentv-one rears 





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Sewel Hoit and Daughter 

at the age of twenty-nine years, and his 
mother married Eno^h Hoit and removed 
with her children to Enoch Hoit's home at 
Horse Hill, near the bridge. 



"'•f ^ ' -' ; -3 


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1 

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1 

1 



Mrs. H. Elizabeth Nlchols-Hoit 

a copper in his pocket or to his name and 
located in Concord as a building contractor. 
After a few years, having earned the money 
for purchasing land and building a house for 
himself, he married Catherine Fills! >ury of 
Boscawen in 1837. She died in 1843, without 
children and he married his second wife, 
Hannah Elizabeth Nichols, daughter of 
Luther Western and Hannah (Tompkins) 
Nichols at Amherst, N. H., March 4, 1S52. 
There were two children, both daughters — an 
infant who was born and died March 6, 1850,- 
and Jane Elizabeth, born September 23, 1800. 
H. Elizabeth Nichols was born in Boston 
July 12, 1828, and lived there until the year 
before she was married. When Elizabeth 
was twenty-one years of age, her mother be- 
ing in poor health, her father retired from 
business as a dry goods merchant and bought 
the 4< old bank building*' at Amherst, N. H. 

For many years Sewel Hoit had one or two 
lumber yards; he furnished fine building ma- 
terial, much of which was imported from Can- 
ada. Mr. Hoit's health began to fail him 
at the age of forty-five years, the outcome, 
perhaps, of a fail he had sustained years be- 
fore, while at work on the rafters of the old 
North Congregational Church, for which he 



30G 



The Granite Monthly 



■ ' -^.-ry-t,- ;. "o-;;-ws t, 



,m. ." ; " i 



I ■ ; I j.1 IijJ 1 . ~ I 



The Sewel Hoit Homestead 



had the contract — this church was burned in 
1873. Most of his buildings have disap- 
peared but the old American House and a few- 
private residences still stand. Having re- 
tired from the building trade in 1S52 he 
bought out various stores in Concord and 
sold them again. He ran a gentleman's 





- . - . .T-. , 

j ! 


' ■■ 


.... 


1 

4 

4 

< 

i 

i 



Lk 



George Washington Stevens 



clothing store for a year or two; a fruit and 
confectionery store four or five \ears, the 
latter in a little wooden building owned by 
Cyrus Hill beside the old Columbian Hotel. 
He is said to have introduced coal-oil or 
kerosene lamps into Concord. 

Sewel Hoit was a radical Republican in 



politics and served as assessor for Ward Four 
in 1858 and 1S59. He was a member of the 
old state militia and of the Governor's House 
Guards, became a member of the North Con- 
gregational Church in 1S29, died in Concord 
January 22, 1S75. 

Jane Elizabeth was born in the old home- 
stead on Sunday morning September 23, I860. 
She received her medical diploma in 1890 
and at this time reverted to the original 
spelling of the surname. 

June 26, 1907, Doctor Hoyt married George 
W. Stevens of Claremont, X. H., the cere- 
mony occurred in the "spacious parlors of 
the bride." 

Doctor Hoy t-Ste vens is a suffragist by 
conviction. In 1S97 she ran as candidate 
for city physician with Drs. Parker, Leete 
and Adams, to succeed Doctor McMurphy, 
and came within about a dozen votes of win- 
ning. 

Doctor Hoyt-Stevens is a member of many 
medical and philanthropic societies, college 
clubs and women's clubs. She is a member 
of the National Geographical Society, necrol- 
ogist for and hie member of the New Hamp- 
shire Historical Society and she also was a 
charter member of the Weetamoo Outing 
Club and chairman of its building committee. 

George Washington Stevens was born at 
Aeworth, X. H., November 10, IS 43, son of 
William J. and Cynthia (Young) Stevens. 



The Ghosts at Westminster 307 

He first married Julia R. Bailey of Unity, New Hampshire house of representatives ip 
N. FL, January 12, 1S7I; she died September 1905-06, a Republican and in favor of 
1, 1903, without children. After farming at suffrage for women. He was asked to return 
Unity and Charlestown, X. H., four years he the next session as senator but declined; ac- 
moved to Claremont in 1S7S, where for thirty tive Methodist; eight years Sunday School 
years he was interested in the sale of farm superintendent. He was a Methodist class 
implements and in building and the sale of leader for many years, and treasurer of Clare- 
real estate. He was seventeen years high- mont Junction Union Camp-meeting Asso- 
way surveyor, eight years nee warden and ciation nineteen years, to 190;}. He is a 
highway commissioner: was a member of the member of the Grange, 7th degree. 



THE GHOSTS AT WESTMINSTER 

By Fred Myron Colby 

In the nave of the ancient fane, 
Heedless of joy and dead to pain, 
Silent and cold they lie asleep, 
The rosebud princes Plantagenet, 
Who, at the hands of their uncle, met 
The doom o'er which the centuries weep. 

All around them the stained light falls, 
On clustered columns and fretted walls, 
With rose and trefoil and heralds sign; 
As, lapped and folded in marble grim, 
Their efhgies lie there cold and prim — 
Those luckless princes of royal line. 

Round them lieth, in solemn state, 
Dust once quickened and animate; 
Kings and statesmen and warriors bold, 
Courtiers supple and quick to learn 
Trick of fashion and fortune's turn, 
Sinners and saints in common mold. 

Through the long, long days they slumber there, 
'Neath the cloistered roof of the Abbey fair, 
Their wrongs forgotten in deathly calm. 
There, on their high beds altarwise, 
They rest and wait with sealed eyes, 
Their cold hands folded palm to palm. 

But when the stars on the Abbey shine, 
And the moon looks down with light divine, 
On stained glass window and vaulted aisle, 
Then these two step down, and, hand in hand, 
So I love to think, m the moonlight stand, 
And waken each sleeper, with childish smile. 



SOS The Granite MonMy 

Ah, then the old Abbey sees again 
Her great and mighty ones pale and wan. 
The lords in purple and in pall; 
Princes and queens, in ghostly gray, 
Passing the great rose window's ray; 
Bishops and abbots with eroziers tall. 

Gallant and stately as in a play 
They pass and repass the marble way, 
Those silent ghosts of the long dead past. 
They that were foes in the long ago 
Give no hint in this phantom show, 
But that they are loving friends at last. 

Queen Mary Stuart makes no sign 

To Good Queen Bess in the storied line; 

And bluff King Hal. in the moonlight's sheen, 

Meets Wolsey's ghost and the sweeping train 

Of the lovely woman he had slain, 

With not a cloud on his face, I ween. 

King Charles the First who lost his head, 
The Spanish princess great Edward wed, 
And many a warrior, grim and tall, 
Pass out of their niche to join the line; 
Their ghostly forms in the starlight shine, 
Making shadows deep on the chapel wall. 

Each night they wake for their shadow play, 
But ever, as dark wears on to day, 
Their phantom figures droop and fade, 
* Till in the morning again they sleep, 
Each in his marble cradle deep, 
Where the light shines through the cloistered shade. 

And they sleep and smile there, quaint and prim, 
Folded and sealed in marble grim, 
The two little princes Plantagenet. 
They tell no tales of the curtained death, 
The moan in sleep and the strangled breath, 
For their thoughts are e'er on the evening set. 



3 c j 



THE CONCORD AND PORTSMOUTH 
TURNPIKE 

By J. 31. Moses 



Unprofitable investment in the in- 
terest of travel must be as old as 
the human imagination and its 
craving for excitement. An ancient 
example was Diomedes, king of the 
Bistones in Thrace, whose horses 
devoured, according to mythology. 
his flesh, or, according to later higher 
criticism, his fortune. Their present- 
day successors are the automobiles, 
which devour mortgaged homes. 

When the expenditure turned from 
vehicles to roads of permanent utility, 
a debt of gratitude was imposed on 
the public, which was sometimes paid 
in post mortem honors, as in case of 
the builder of the famous Appian 
Way, from Rome. 

Benefactors of this kind were the 
builders of our New Hampshire rail- 
roads, on which our very lives have 
now come to depend, but which were 
seldom profitable to their original 
proprietors. The generation preced- 
ing the railroad builders had a class 
of road investors whose motives were 
quite as much infused with public 
spirit, but whose expectations of 
profit were even worse disappointed, 
— the builders of the turnpikes. 

It is interesting to read in our first 
New Hampshire Gazetteer, published in 
1817, the account of the turnpikes 
then completed, under construction, 
and projected, and the great hopes 
entertained of them, as well as of the 
canals in contemplation: the railroads 
being as little foreseen as autos and 
aeroplanes. For about one genera- 
tion the turnpikes answered expecta- 
tions to a considerable degree as 
promoters of trade and travel, but 
not as investments. Their owners 
were soon glad to dispose of them, 
on any terms they could make, to 
the towns through which they passed. 

The earliest and most important 
turnpikes were the following: 



The first, from Piscataqua Bridge 
to a bridge over the Merrimack at 
East Concord, thirty-six miles. 

The second was incorporated De- 
cember 26, 1799. It was developed 
by branches into a system of over one 
hundred miles. Its main line ran 
from Amherst through Mont Vernon 
and Francestown, through corners of 
Deering, Antrim, Hillsboro and Wind- 
sor, and centrally through Washing- 
ton, Lempster, Unity and Claremont 
to the Connecticut River at Lottery- 
Bridge. From Washington a branch 
diverged through Newport, Croydon 
and Grantham, to Lebanon. Another 
branch went from Lempster through 
Acworth to Charlestown. Another 
from Newport to Cornish. 

The third system, its first line in- 
corporated December 27, 1799, cen- 
tered in Keene, with lines southeast 
and northwest that were later paral- 
leled by the Cheshire railroad. There 
were two other lines: one north, 
through Surry, Alstead, and Langdon 
to Charlestown, another easterly, 
through Marlboro, Jaffrey and New 
Ipswich to Townsend, Mass. 

The fourth turnpike, incorporated 
December, 1800, ran northwest, from 
Boscawen through Salisbury, West 
Andover, Wilmot, Springfield, En- 
field and Lebanon, to White River, 
Vermont. A branch, almost as long, 
incorporated June 21, 1804, went from 
West Andover through Danbury, 
Grafton, western Orange and Canaan 
to the Connecticut River in Lyme. 

The towns between Franklin and 
Haverhill we're reached by two turn- 
pikes, making one line, both incor- 
porated December 29, 1803. This 
road went by the cast side of New- 
found Lake, through Plymouth, Rum- 
ney, Went worth, Warren and Pier- 
mont to Haverhill. A branch was 
added from Wentworth to Orford. 



310 



The Granite Monthly 



The tenth turnpike, incorporated 

December 28, 1S03, was for the Port- 
land business. It was built from 
Bartlett up through the Crawford 
Notch, with an extension through 
Bret ton Woods and Jefferson to Lan- 
caster. 

Two lines ran southeasterly from 
Concord, both incorporated in June, 
1804. One started from Butter's 
Corner, South Main Street, and went 
through Bow to a bridge at Hooksett, 
thence swerved easterly from the 
river passing between the Massa- 
besic lakes and on to Deny, thence 
by the line of the Lawrence rail- 
road to Massachusetts. It prudently 
avoided Manchester, which was not 
then claiming distinction, having but 
recently cast- off its inglorious name 
of Harry-town. The other, as incor- 
porated, was only fourteen miles, 
from Pembroke through Allenstown 
and Candia to Chester Street; but 
this was only one section of a line of 
travel between Concord and Haver- 
hill, Mass., by one of the oldest 
routes. A cart-way had been cut 
here before 1730. 

Another old line of travel was the 
Province Road, built about 1767, 
from Dover and Durham through 
Harrington and Barnstead to Oilman- 
ton, and later extended to Laconia. 
This was always a free road. There 
were other turnpikes, especially one 
through the towns north of Lake 
Winnipesaukee; but the most impor- 
tant have been named. Over fifty 
turnpike companies obtained incor- 
poration. 

It should be borne in mind that 
turnpikes were built only where the 
towns had failed to provide satis- 
factory roads. The older towns, in 
the more level coast region, had the 
best roads, and so little need of turn- 
pikes. The contrary was the case 
with the little settlements back on 
the hills, where the people would lay 
out their roads according to home 
convenience, with little regard for 
through travel. The home lines 
would be made to connect with ad- 



joining towns, but if one wished to go 
farther, the route would often be 
ridiculous. An instance of this was 
the road west from Northwood. It 
went by a circuitous route from 
North wood Narrows to the Old Cen- 
ter in Epsom. To reach Chichester 
one would have to travel twice the 
air line distance. 

Naturally the first turnpike pro- 
jected was from the seaport and 
largest town to the capital. It was 
mainly a Portsmouth enterprise, as 
was later the Concord" and Ports- 
mouth railroad, which had the same 
objects in view. Portsmouth's mer- 
chants and mariners wished to hold 
as much as possible of the up-country 
trade from going down the Mer- 
rimack to Massachusetts. Ports-' 
mouth's people hoped for cheaper 
supplies of country produce. Even 
charcoal was then hauled from Epsom 
and Chichester to Portsmouth. Now 
coal is brought to Epsom and Chi- 
chester by way of Portsmouth, and 
Portsmouth's country supplies come 
mostly from beyond New Hampshire. 

The conditions in Portsmouth and 
other parts of New Hampshire near 
the close of the eighteenth century 
were described by Rev. L. H. Thayer 
in the Granite Monthly of February 
1909. Portsmouth was not a city, 
but in the decade 1790-1800 it had 
nearly three times as many people 
as Concord, twice as many as any 
other town except Gilmanton, and 
had these people in a small area, 
while Gilmanton then included one 
third of Belknap County. In urban 
qualities Portsmouth surpassed all 
the other towns beyond comparison. 
It ''was characterized by a more 
elegant social life than any other town 
in New England.'*' This elegance was 
supported by corresponding wealth 
and business enterprise. Portsmouth 
would do what it could to remain 
the metropolis and business entrepot 
of New Hampshire. 

To its ambitions for up-country 
trade the first great obstacle was the 
Piscataqua, with its bays. These 



The Concord and Portsmouth Turnpike 



311 



were navigable for only about fifteen 
miles inland. For wheeled traffic 
there must be a bridge about half a 
mile long, over water going down to 
fifty feet in depth, with a strong tidal 
current. 

About as obvious as the need of the 
bridge was the place where it must 
be built, which was at Fox Point, 
Newington. The river was as narrow 
here as anywhere, and construction 
would be facilitated by two islands 
in the line of crossing. - It would give 
direct connection with Dover, as well 
as with the country west. 

The Piscataqua Bridge Company 
was chartered June 20, 1793. For an 
account of this bridge, see Mary 
Thompson's "Landmarks in Ancient 
Dover" and the new History of 
Durham, which last gives a picture 
of it. It was opened for travel No- 
vember 25, 1794; was 2,302 feet long, 
and of the remarkable width of thirty- 
eight feet; this great width favoring 
stiffness to withstand the current. 
It was considered a masterpiece of 
construction, one of the wonders of 
our little New England world. Its 
cost is given as $65,947.34. In 1803 
the legislature granted a lottery to 
raise 815,000 more for its repairs and 
maintenance. 

The bridge gave connection with 
the Province Road to Gilmanton, the 
Mast Road through Nottingham, and 
other crooked and poorly built roads. 
A good and direct road to Concord 
was felt to be the next most important 
need. A line was surveyed which 
made a distance of only thirty-six 
miles to the bridge at East Concord. 
June 16, 1796, the legislature passed 
an act granting incorporation to a 
company for the construction of this 
line as a toll road, under the name of 
The New Hampshire Turnpike Road. 
It was the first road to be incor- 
porated. 

The promoters seem to have been 
a little in advance of public interest 
in the enterprise, and construction 
did not at once begin. A few years 
later a turnpike fever swept over the 



state. It was not till October 3. 1800, 
that proposals were issued for the 
building of the road. The grading 
was done in the next two years, and 
March 19, 1803, the directors gave 
notice that they had expended on the 
road the sums required by law, and 
would set up the gates and begin to 
take toll on the first day of the follow- 
ing April. 

The road thus opened ran through 
Durham, the north end of Lee, 
corners of Barrington and Notting- 
ham the length of Northwood, 
across Epsom, Chichester and Con- 
cord Plains to Federal Bridge, which 
was some rods west of the present 
bridge at East Concord. It is now 
the main street of Durham, North- 
wood and Epsom. 

It became an important line of 
travel during the years before the 
railroads, being the main channel of 
trade for the towns east of Concord, 
and to a considerable extent for Con- 
cord, though that town had other 
important connections. Stories may 
still be heard of the long journeys to 
Durham and Portsmouth, with loads 
of boards and ship timber, and of 
hauling back fish, rum, molasses and 
other imported goods. The cotton 
for Pittstield factory at first came 
this way. 

The toll gates were generally about 
two miles apart, apt to be placed at 
strategic points, as the junctions or 
crossings of other roads. There were 
three of them in Durham and one in 
Lee. Traditions place one at the 
Berry place at East Northwood, 
another west of the Centre, at the 
crossing of the old road to the Nar- 
rows; another at Yeaton's corner in 
Epsom, another at Marden's Corner. 
Probably toll could not be collected 
through central Northwood, as the 
line closely paralleled the old road. 

There were many taverns, and the 
characteristics of old stage-coach and 
tavern days were as well exemplified 
here as anywhere. The passenger 
travel included many distinguished 
personages, among them LaFayette 



312 



The Granite Monthly 



and President Monroe. I think our 
noted authoress, Mrs. Sarah J. Hale, 
must have passed this way and been 
impressed with the beauty of North- 
wood. How else can we account for 
her laying the scene of her first novel 
in a place called Northwood, about 
halfway between Concord and Ports- 
mouth, and making a lake and moun- 
tain its principal physical features? 
The story, however, does not other- 
wise portray Xorthwood more than 
other New England towns of the 
period. 

Toll-taking lasted less than twenty- 
two years. It is doubtful if traffic 
became very heavy during this period. 
The tolls were considerable. A load 
of charcoal from Epsom would pay 
a dollar in tolls before reaching Pis- 
cataqua Bridge; and a dollar was much 
harder to get then than now. There 
are traditions of long detours being 
made b\ economical people through 
byroads to avoid the toll gates. 

Itis certain that by 1824 the pro- 
prietors were thoroughly disillusioned 
of their hopes of profit, and willing 
to sell their stock at a great discount. 
One of their leading men was Jere- 
miah Mason. A town meeting was 
held in Portsmouth October 7,' 1824, 
at which he made a speech, and per- 
suaded the town to undertake the 
freeing of the Turnpike. John Mc- 
Clintock, Langley Boardman and 
Henry Lacld were chosen a committee 
to raise money and buy the road, and 
were authorized to borrow $4,000 as 
Portsmouth's contribution for that 
purpose. 

The stock-holders had agreed to 
sell for $8,400, which was §20 on a 
share. If the shares were §100 each, 
the capitalization must have been 
§42,300. The "Landmarks" state 
that the first cost was onlv about 
$900 a mile, or $32,400. There had 
probably been improvements and 
extensions. There was a ''branch 77 
in Concord, probably going to one of 
the other bridges. 

Within three months the commit- 
tee succeeded in their undertaking. 



Portsmouth gave $4,000. Xorthwood 
$800, Concord $500, Durham some- 
thing, and the rest was contributed 
by the Pi sea (aqua Bridge company 
and by individuals. 

January 28, 1825, the stock-holders 
held their final meeting in the Court 
House at Portsmouth. Jeremiah 
Mason presided. Three hundred and 
forty-eight shares of the stock were 
represented. It was voted unani- 
mously , in consideration of the $8,460. 
"to relinquish and surrender said 
road to the State of New Hampshire 
for the purpose of establishing the 
same as a common highway. And 
the same is hereby surrendered and 
relinquished to said State accord- 
ingly for the purpose aforesaid.' 7 

The Turnpike doubtless saw its 
busiest years in the next two decades, 
before the railroads turned the course 
of trade. Railroads from the south 
reached Concord and Portsmouth in 
1840, Durham in 1841, Epsom in 
1869, Lee in 1874. The completion 
of the Concord and Portsmouth rail- 
road in 1852 ended the Turnpike's 
through travel. The great Piscataqua 
Bridge was sold soon after for only 
$2,000. When six hundred feet of it 
were carried away by the ice, Febru- 
ary 18, 1855, it was not thought 
worth repairing, and the remaining 
portion was removed. 

In 1850 coaches were running be- 
tween Concord and Durham, and 
probably Portsmouth. In the sixties 
the line east of Northwood had been 
diverted to Newmarket. After the 
opening of the Suncook Valley rail- 
road, the coach did not run west of 
that, and the Turnpike became useful 
chiefly as the main street and outlet 
of Northwood. 

In 1891 a substitute road, about 
four miles long, by Suncook Lake, 
was opened, to avoid the hills in 
Epsom. Since the development of 
auto travel the whole line has been 
recovering something of its old impor- 
tance. Most of it will sometime be 
included in a state boulevard from 
Concord to Dover. 



3/3 



IN TULIP LAND 

A New and Most Unique Use for Tulips 



Have you ever been to Tulip Land? 
No? Then suppose we chat a few 
minutes about that strange and most 
delightful country across the sea, 
where the gardeners still wear their 
wooden shoes as they pass up and 
down the neat gravel paths, tending 
their flowers, famous the world over 
for their gorgeous color. 

Holland is justly noted for its art, 
its flowers and its cleanliness. We 
might talk for days upon the subject 
of Dutch art, and then find we had not 
adequately covered the ground. Or 
we might endeavor to fathom the 
reasons for the exacting rules of the 
household, which require the maids 
to wash the outside of the front doors 
— those wonderfully handsome doors, 
by the way — and also to scrub the 
sidewalk in front of the house. 

But, instead, let us just talk of the 
flowers, like bits of the rainbow spread 
out on the earth. Such is a flower 
garden in Holand. And the tulips, 
how exquisite they are! 

One of the chief industries in Hol- 
land is the raising of this bulb. Hun- 
dreds and hundreds are shipped every 
year to foreign lands. But, how 
would you like to dig up your tulip 
bed and eat the bulbs? Just cook in 
the same way as you would cauli- 
flower. It would seem a bit out of 
the ordinary, wouldn't it? and most 
of us would prefer to go on in the same 
old way seeing them grow and blos- 
som and mature. However, in Tulip 
Land it was formerly the custom to 
serve tulip bulbs on the table as a 
vegetable. Here is an old and valued 
recipe; in case you may wish to try it, 
rest assured of success in your at- 
tempts. 

"The Seedy Buds of the Tulips. " 

"In the spring (about the beginning 

of May), the flowering leaves of tulips 

fall away, and there remains within 



By Maude Gordon-Roby 

them the end of the stalk, which in 
time will turn to seed. 

"Take the seedy end, then very ten- 
der, and pick from it the little excres- 
cences about it and cut into pieces. 
Boil these gently till done, as you 
would any vegetable of like consis- 
tency, say for instance, peas, and 



M$> 



The clump, clump of their heavy wooden shoe-9 
may be heard along the gravel path, as the Dutch 
florist and his wife tend their flowers. 



a dressing. You will find 
palatable, and very sa- 



serve with 
them very 
vory." 

As the custom of serving tulips has 
now fallen into disuse with the ad- 
vent of a foreign market for the bulbs, 
another custom quite as unique has 
taken its place. This year there is a 
great scarcity of flour in Holland, and 
not to be without their bread these 



314 The Granite Monthly 

thrift}' people are grinding up tulip partaken affirm that it is delicious 

bulbs and mixing them with wheaten and inexpensive, and — who knows — it 

flour. may be this is but the beginning of an 

Today you may purchase tulip industry which will entirely change 

bread in Holland, and those who have the flour market of the world. 



PARADISE 

A Poem for Memorial Day. 
By Maude Gordon-Roby 

There are no dead.'' The friends we love so dear, 

Altho' to earthbound eyes are passed from here 

Have but outgrown a weary dress of pain; 

They're all alive, and we shall meet again. 

For life is just a journey, that I ween, 

Where many travel slowly as we've seen, 

'Till old they grow with friends along the way; 

While others leave in infancy, at play. 

They wave "good-bye" and with a smile are gone. 

O Heart of mine, I cannot be forlorn 

If they are first to reach that Outward Gate; 

Nay, I'll rejoice that loved ones now await 

My coming where the roses do not fade, 

And where there are no tears! I'm not afraid; 

And when at length for me that Gate shall swing, 

Exultantly my soul shall upward wing. 

Up, up through star-dust and the night I'll rise, 

Straight on to God, and Home and Paradise! 



A NEW-BORN DAY 

- By L. J. //. Frost 

The morning dawns; a new-born day 

Has come for you and me; 
Perhaps the last brief day on earth. 

We each shall ever see. 

Then let the day begin with prayer 

And praise to Him above, 
Who kept us through the hours of night 

Encircled by His love. 

And let us humbly ask of Him 

Guidance upon life's way; 
That we may never soil with sin 

A stainless, new-born day. 

But with a doubtless faith in Him 
Pursue life's checkered way; 

Until the dawn shall usher in 
Heaven's bright eternal day. 



3iS 



MAY BLOSSOMS 

By Amy J. Dolloff 

A -Lower of petals from the apple tree, 
And all the glorious past comes back to me. 
O sunshine of the May! Your golden light 
Than old-time blissful joys is not more bright. 
O petals, white and pink, soft floating down! 
Your fragrance was the perfect year's rich crown. 

A shower of petals from the apple tree 

And all my sorrow comes anew to me. 

The sunshine golden mocks me with its light. 

When those we love are gone, no day is bright. 

Yon petals wafted by the breeze's wave 

Seem like the last flowers falling in a grave. 

O memories — that set the heart aglow! 
Realities — that pile it deep with snow! 
You all are mine — all in my soul have place 
While apple blossoms brush against my face. 
Fall fast, sweet petals! Cover, soothe me so 
That for one moment I forget the woe. 



NEW HAMPSHIRE NECROLOGY 



WOODBURY E. CORSOX 

Woodbury E. Corson, for the last ten years 
citv electrician of Haverhill, Mass., died in 
that city May 6, 1915. 

He was born in Milton, N. H., March 25, 
1S62. He commenced life as a mill spinner, 
after concluding his school days; was, later, 
a stationary fireman, and afterward was en- 
gaged with the Essex Electric and Power 
Company of Haverhill as engineer and electri- 
cian. Subsequently he became electrician 
for the Boston Steam & Power Co., but soon 
returned to Haverhill as chief engineer of 
the Haverhill Electric Company, holding the 
position twelve years, till his appointment as 
city electrician. 

He was a Mason, Knight Templar and 
Shriner, and connected with other organisa- 
tions. He is survived by a wife, who was 
Miss Lena Dennison of Bangor, Me., with 
two married daughters and a son. 

SILAS C. STONE 
Silas Call Stone, born in Webster, X. H. 
eighty four years ago, died, April 19, 1915, at 
his home, 54 Mr. Vernon Street West Roxbury. 
Mass. He was educated at Xorthfield, now 
Tilton Academy, and commenced teaching at 
Westboro, Mass. He was afterwards simi- 
larly engaged in Watertown and Xewton, and 



later in Boston, where he served first as sub- 
master of the Chapman School in East Boston, 
then of the Lewis School in Roxbury. When 
the Sherwin School opened in Roxbury in 
1871, he became its master. In 18S5 he was 
transferred to the Hyde School, and there 
remained till" his retirement five years ago,, 
when he was regarded as the dean of Boston 
grammar school masters, some of his pupils 
being grandchildren of his early ones. 

He married, in 1S54, Julia A. Pattee of 
Goffstown, X. H., who died in 1887. Two 
years later he married Mrs. Caroline Hinckly 
Blake, who survived him, with three children 
by his first marriage — Alaric Stone, a master 
at the Boston Latin School, Miss Abbie 
Stone, principal of a Philadelphia cooking- 
school, and Mrs. Philip D. Sturtivant. 

HOX. URBAN A. WOODBURY 
Hon. Urban A. Woodbury, governor of Ver- 
mont from 1894 to 189G, who died at his home 
in Burlington, April 15, 1915, was a native of 
Xew Hampshire, bora in the town of Acworth, 
July 11, 1838, but removed with his parents 
to Vermont in childhood. 

He was educated in the public schools and 
Academy of Morristown, and the medical 
department of the University of Vermont, 
from which he graduated in 18-^9, but his 



316 



The Granite Monthly 



professional career was interrupted by the 
Civil War, he enlisting in the Second Vermont 
Volunteer Regiment, going out as a sergeant 
in Company II. He lost his right arm in the 
■second battle of Bull Run. and was taken 
prisoner, but was shortly parole! and dis- 
charged. He again enlisted in November, 
1863; was commissioned captain in the Elev- 
enth Regiment and served through the war, 
till March. 1S65. Returning to Vermont, he 
located in Burlington, engaged in practice, and 
finally entered political life. He was presi- 
dent of the board of aldermen, mayor of 
Burlington in 1SS3-S6; later a state senator 
and president of the senate; lieutenant gover- 
nor in 1SSS-90, and governor in 1S94-96. He 
was commander of the Vermont Department, 
<}. A. R., in 1900. 

On February 12. 1S60. he married Pauline 
X(. Darling of Elmore, Vt. 

DR. GARDNER C. HILL 
Gardner C. Hill, long a leading physician of 
•Cheshire County, and one or the most prom- 
inent and public-spirited citizens of Keene, died 
at his home in that city, on Friday, April 30, 
after a long illness. 

Doctor Hill was a native of the town of 
Winchester, born March 20, 1S29, having, 
therefore, attained the age of eighty-six years, 
and remaining well and active up to the 
time of his final illness. He received his 
education in the schools of Winchester, at 
Mount Caesar Seminary, Swanzey, and 
Vermont Academy, at Saxtona River, and 
graduated from the Vermont Medical Col- 



lege, at Castleton in 1856. Subsequently. 
in 1S6G, he took a postgraduate course at the 
Harvard Medical College. Meanwhile he 
had taught, school extensively. He com- 
menced practice in Warwick, Mass., hi 1S57, 
remaining ten years, and located in Keene in 
1867, continuing there through life. 

A Republican in politics, he became active 
in public affairs; was a member three years, 
and president of the Keene common council, 
two years; a commissioner for Cheshire 
County three years, and treasurer two years. 
He was a member of the Keene board of 
education for twenty-rive years, having served 
ten years in Warwick in the same capacity. 
He was for seven years Keene's city physician, 
and Cheshire County physician five years. 
He was for a long time a member of the Keene 
board of examining surgeons, for the United 
States government, and affiliated with the 
Cheshire County, Connecticut River and 
New Hampshire Medical societies; also long 
a member of the staff of the Elliot City Hos- 
pital in Keene. He had been president of 
the Keene Savings Bank since April 1, 1897. 
He was a member of the First Congregational 
Church, and a true Christian in the fullest 
sense of the term, serving his fellow men pro- 
fessionally and otherwise to the extent of his 
ability, regardless of all thoughts of reward, 
except in a sense of duty done. He was 
deeply interested in local and professional 
history and wrote much for publication. 

Fie married, in 1S56, Rebecca F. Howard of 
Walpole, who died in 1S93. In 1894, he married 
Carrie F. Hut chins of Keene, who survives him. 



EDITOR AND PUBLISHER'S NOTE 



This issue of the Granite Monthly, pre- 
viously announced as a double number for 
May and June, has far outgrown its pre- 
scribed limits, and is nothing less than a sex- 
tuple number, including nearly two hundred 
pages of text and nearly as many illustrations, 
making it by far the largest and most exten- 
sively illustrated issue of any magazine ever 
printed in the state, and probably in the 
United States, if advertising pases are not 
taken into account. It is devoted almost 
entirely to the One hundred fiftieth Anni- 
versary Celebration, and the professional 
-and business life of the Capital City. It Is 



a fact of no little interest that herein are 
presented more portraits of Concord people, 
than were ever presented before in any one 
publication, and more than are ever likely 
to be again, thus making it of special 
value as a Concord Souvenir aside from its 
historical value. It is but fair to the Rum- 
ford Printing Company to add, that the work 
upon this edition, completed from first to 
last in less than twenty days, amidst the 
pressure of a mass of other work, could be 
duplicated by no other printing house in 
New England. This also is to the credit 
of Concord. 



■HMMHHM 

oL XLVTI, No. 7 JULY, 1915 New Series, Vol. X, No. 7 ' 



THE 



O p A N li T F 

/Vl I I ' %J O " w 



A New Hampshire Magazine 

)evoted to History, Biography, Literature and State Progress 

ip CONTENTS FOR JULY |g, 

w^-tj/ Charles Carpenter Goss. With Frontispiece 317 V?"V 

-gg By H/C. Pearson, jg^ 

jggj Visits of Famous Men to Dover . . . ' . . . . 323 gjk, 

^>» By Annie Wentworth Ruer. ijJjK 

>^ The Tree of Tamworth 335 ¥i^> 

V C V By David Alawen. &Py 

>» A Wildcat Story " .". . .341 %Z*\ 

.S3 B y L.E.B ta . .- gg 

v Q| Old Days at Lake Winnipesaukee 345 (^V 

•fe^J By Bertha Greene. fSpC 

.^5£ New Hampshire Necrology . 347 ^s^, 

£f%y Editor and Publisher's Notes . . . . . . 348 

:cS?l Poems 



*}%> By Stewart Everett Rovre, L. J. H. Frost, H. Thompson Ri--h, Edna Dean Proetor t 4^4&* 

^"c*^ Frances M. Pray, L. Adelaide Sherman, Edith M. Child. - (6$) 

m ;.-. m 



Issued by The Granite Monthly Company! 

HENRY H. METCALF. Editor and Manager 



rERMS: Si. 00 per annum, • 

v/jNCORD, N. H., 1915 

xjtf^ ' .ed at the post office at Concord as second-class mail matter. 




CHARLES CARPENTER GOSS 



3/7 



The Granite Monthly 



Vol. XLVII, No. 7 



JULY, 1915 



New Series, Vol. 10, No. 7 



CHARLES CARPENTER GOSS 

By H. C. Pearson 



When Colonel Charles Carpenter 
Goss died at his home in Dover on 
Monday, May 3, 1915, the state of 
New Hampshire lost one of its best 
citizens, one of its most successful and 
enterprising business men, one of the 
real forces in its financial and political 
life. And thousands of men and 
women mourned with genuine grief 
the loss of one whom they had known 
and loved as a genial, kindly, help- 
ful, sincere friend. 

Colonel Goss was born in that part 
of the town of Epsom known as Goss- 
ville on February 9, 1871, the eldest 
son of John A. and Electa (Carpen- 
ter) Goss. On both sides of his 
ancestry he was descended from early 
New England colonists and Revo- 
lutionary soldiers, sturdy pioneers of 
central New Hampshire. His mother's 
father, the late Charles H. Carpenter, 
for whom Colonel Goss was named, 
was one of the most successful and 
respected men of his time and section. 

Mr. Carpenter was for many years 
president of the Pittsfield National 
Bank, and in 1876 he made his son- 
in-law its cashier, so that the young 
Charles went in that year, with his 
parents, to Pittsfield to reside. There 
he attended the public schools, sub- 
sequently was enrolled at Phillips 
Exeter Academy and finished his 
preparation for college with a private 
tutor, the late Professor Amos Had- 
iey of Concord. 

Mr. Goss entered Dartmouth Col- 
lege in September, 1889, and gradu- 
ated in June, 1893, receiving the 
degree of Bachelor of Science. At 

3/7 



Hanover he was popular and promi- 
nent, a good student, but interested 
in all the activities of college life as 
well as in his books. He was a mem- 
ber of the Phi Zeta Mu society of the 
Chandler Scientific School, now the 
Eta Eta chapter of the Sigma Chi 
fraternity, and of the Tiger senior 
society. He was a member of the 
Phillips Club, served as treasurer of 
the college baseball association, and 
was business manager of the first 
Dramatic Club in the history of the 
college, which produced "The Rivals'' 
under his direction with great success. 
From this bud has flowered the fame 
which Dartmouth now enjoys in 
college theatricals and which is typi- 
fied by the beautiful little theater in 
Robinson Hall at Hanover. 

By inheritance, by inclination and 
by training Mr. Goss was destined 
for the banking business, and he 
entered upon it, his life work, as soon 
as he had completed his college course. 
Previously, during school and college 
vactions, he had assisted in his father's 
National and Savings banks at Pitts- 
field, so that it was not as a neophyte 
that the young college graduate 
went to Boston from Dartmouth and 
gained experience there in the great 
National Shawmut Bank. 

The last illness of his father recalled 
Colonel Goss from Boston to Pitts- 
field, there to take his natural place, 
following his father's retirement, as 
the active head of the local banks. 
This position he held from the first 
with entire success, and at once he 
became a strong force in the business, 



318 



The Granite Monthly 



political and social life of the town 
and of the region of which it is the 
center. Among the offices which he 
held there was that of town treasurer. 

In a few years Mr. Goss's energy, 
enterprise and enthusiasm demanded 
a wider scope than Pittsfield afforded 
them, and in 1900 he organized the 
Merchants' National Bank of Dover 
with his grandfather, Hon. Charles 
H* Carpenter, as president, and him- 
self as cashier. A year later he com- 
pleted the supplementary organiza- 
tion of the Merchants' Savings Bank 
of Dover with Mr. Carpenter as 
president and himself as treasurer. 

For the rest of his life the young 
founder of these banks gave to them 
a single-minded devotion to duty and 
attention to detail, which, coupled 
with his ability, his integrity and his 
capacity for work, made their success 
assured. Today they stand, sound, 
solid, important, influential financial 
institutions, as monuments to his 
memory. 

The feeling which he felt for these 
banks, children of his brain and of his 
industry, was shown in 1910 when 
he took personal charge of the remod- 
elling and improvement of the bank- 
ing rooms and did not relax his efforts 
until he had made them absolute 
models of their kind. As in giving 
them this material equipment, so in 
building their reputation and their 
resources, Colonel Goss was ever 
ready, vigilant, alert; grasping firmly 
the broad principles of finance and 
applying them helpfully and con- 
structively to local conditions. 

To show the affection, esteem and 
respect with which Mr. Goss was 
regarded by his associates in the 
banking business the following reso- 
lutions may well be printed here: 

Resolutions of the Merchants' 

National Bank on the Death 

of Charles C. Goss 

Resolved: That we have learned 
with sorrow of the death of our presi- 
dent, Charles C. Goss. 

Resolved: That, in the death of Mr. 



Goss, this bank has suffered a great 
loss. He was its founder, its builder, 
and the strong factor in its successful 
management. He watched its steady 
growth and sucess with great pride 
and satisfaction. That Mr. Goss- 
was not only esteemed by his bank 
and other business associates as an 
able and strong financier, but was 
universally regarded in the com- 
munity where he lived and moved, as 
a strong man in all the affairs of life. 
He loved Dover, his adopted city,. 
and was interested in all things that 
pertained to its welfare and upbuild- 
ing. 

That we have lost an able and con- 
servative business associate, an agree- 
able and jovial companion, a hos- 
pitable neighbor and a loyal friend; 
and the city of Dover, one of its first 
citizens. 

Resolved: That a copy of these 
resolutions be forwarded to his family 
with whom we deeply sympathize in 
their great bereavement, and that the 
clerk be requested to enter these 
resolutions on the records of the 
bank. 

William H. Roberts, 
Harry P. Henderson, 
Charles H. Farnham. 

Resolutions of the Merchants'* 

Savings Bank on the Death of 

Charles C. Goss 

Resolved: That, in the death of Mr.. 
Goss, we recognize the close of a use- 
ful and successful life, — a life adorned 
with those sterling qualities that are- 
admired by us all, — uprightness, hon- 
esty, and firmness in the observance- 
of duty. He admired truth and frank- 
ness. He despised deceit and fraud. 
His modesty and kindness won him 
many friends. 

Resolved: That, in his death, the- 
bahk has lost a strong executive, a 
wise counselor and a tireless worker 
for its growth and financial strength. 

Resolved: That the clerk be re- 
quested to forward a copy of these 
resolutions to his family with whom 
we deeply sympathize in their great. 



Charles Carpenter Gcss 



319 



bereavement, and that a copy be 
recorded with the records of the bank. 
- William H. Roberts, 
Harry P Henderson, 
William II. Moore. 

Equally strong and sincere was the 
testimonial paid his character, person- 
ality and worth, by the directors of 
the Pittsfield Bank, in their set of 
resolutions, who felt they had not only 
lost an efficient head but a counsellor 
and friend. 

While Colonel Goss's chief inter- 
ests were these Dover banks his busi- 
ness activities were by no means con- 
fined to them. At the time of Jiis 
death he was president of the Pitts- 
field National Bank, in which position 
he succeeded his distinguished grand- 
father. He was also president of the 
Lothrops-Farnham Company, leading 
mercantile establishment of Dover; 
director of the Pittsfield Aqueduct 
Company and Pittsfield Gas Com- 
pany; and director of the New Bos- 
ton Railroad Company, besides being 
president and director of the Mer- 
chants' National Bank and trustee 
and treasurer of the Merchants' Sav- 
ings Bank and an officer in the Dover 
Realty Company. 

Because he recognized the impor- 
tance of cooperation in promoting 
the best business conditions, Colonel 
Goss was an active member of the 
Dover' Board of Trade, and, as an 
example of the public spirit which he 
always was ready to manifest, may 
be mentioned his interest in the con- 
struction of east and west state high- 
ways across New Hampshire. It so 
happened that the writer of this 
article talked with Colonel Goss upon 
the general subject of good roads and 
state development only a short time 
before his death and the vivid impres- 
sion then made of Mr. Goss's broad 
and sound views and his optimistic 
good citizenship is still vivid. 

In politics Colonel Goss was a 
staunch Republican, thoroughly be- 
lieving in the principles of that party 
and always ready to work for their 



success. State leaders of the party 
counted him among their most reliable 
lieutenants and often called him into 
consultation upon points of policy 
and progress. At the request of 
Governor Henry B. Quinby he accept- 
ed a commission as colonel upon the 
personal military staff of the com- 
mander-in-chief in 1909-10. 

Mr. Goss was elected treasurer of 
Strafford County in 1906, served 
until 1912 and was reelected in 1914, 
holding the office at the time of his 
death. During his term of service a 
new county house of correction was 
erected at a cost of $24,000, and $11,- 
000 were spent in repairs and im- 
provements upon the county court 
house at Dover. In addition to these 
unusual expenditures and the cus- 
tomary running expenses of the coun- 
ty, a debt of $105,000 was erased 
during Colonel Goss's term of serv- 
ice as treasurer, so that the local 
press had good reason to praise the 
" business basis upon which the affairs 
of the county have been placed by 
the capable treasurer." 

Colonel Goss was of a genial tem- 
perament and social disposition, al- 
though his devotion to his business 
kept him from giving as much of his 
time as his friends wished that he 
would, and thought that he should, 
to pleasure and recreation. He and 
his family attended the First Con- 
gregational church. He was a Master 
Mason of Moses Paul Lodge, No. 
96, a member of Olive Branch Lodge, 
Knights of Pythias, and of the Bel- 
lamy Club of Dover; of the Derryfield 
Club of Manchester, the New Hamp- 
shire Historical Society, etc. Colonel 
Goss knew and loved a good horse 
and in recent years he had been one 
of the myriad converts to the pleasures 
of motoring. 

Mr. Goss married, on June 26, 
1895, Winifred Lane, daughter of 
Charles H. and Lorena A. (Perkins) 
Lane, of Pittsfield, and their home 
life, with their son, Charles Lane 
Goss, born February 24, 1903, was 
of the happiest. Mrs. Goss, who has 



320 



The Granite Monthly 



been state regent of the Daughters 
of the American Revolution, and is 
widely known in that connection and 
through her other society, club and 
church work, unites executive ability 
of a high order with an engaging 
charm of manner that marks both her 
public and her private life. 

To Mrs. Goss and her son. and to 
Mr. Goss's surviving brother, Mr. 
William A. Goss, cashier of the Mer- 
chants' National Bank, there came, 
following the news of Colonel Goss's 
death, a wave of sympathy so wide, 
so deep and so sincere as to testify 
most convincingly to the love and 
esteem in which the family were held 
by their community. 

And an unusual, but well deserved 
honor was' paid the memory of 
Colonel Goss when Mayor George D. 
Barrett of the city of Dover requested 
that places of business within the 
municipality be closed during the 
hours of the funeral. 

The funeral, which was held from 
the home, was attended by many of 
the leading men of the state as well 
as of the city. Rev. Walter A. Mor- 
gan, pastor of First Parish Church, 
officiated, with the assistance of Rev. 
William I._ Sweet of Pittsfield and 
Rev. George E. Love joy of Lawrence, 
Mass., a personal friend and former 
pastor of the deceased. The Lotus 
quartette of Boston sang, and the 
bearers were Harry P. Henderson, 
Clerk of Courts William H. Roberts, 
Alderman James Marshall, Colonel 
Thomas II. Dearborn, Plon. Arthur 
'G.j&Whittemore, Herbert B. Fischer, 
cashier ; Pittsfield National Bank, 
Hon. Frank B. Clark, Fred A. Brad- 
bury and Hon. Dwight Hall. The 
floral tributes were said to have been 
thejnost magnificent ever seen at a 
funeral in Dover. 

Even more significant of the spirit 



of the occasion was the remark of one 
of the singers, that the services were 
the most sad and impressive of any 
in which the quartette ever had 
taken part, so pervaded were they by 
the harmony of true sympathy. Es- 
pecially fitting, it was felt, was the 
striking simile of "The Builder," 
employed by Rev. Mr. [Morgan in his 
address to show how Colonel Goss 
had built up his own character and the 
business and other interests of the 
community. 

To the writer, who had known Col- 
onel Goss from boyhood, the charac- 
eristics of his life and his career seemed 
to be his energy, his self reliance and 
his sterling worth. As it has been 
well expressed, he "rang true'' on 
every occasion and in every situation. 

At the time of his death the Dover 
Tribune said of him that he was u a 
citizen of immeasurable value, one of 
the type that makes for the building 
of communities, the uplifting of his 
fellow men. Only those who had 
business dealings with him or culti- 
vated his enjoyable acquaintance can 
fulh' testify to his worth; and if any 
one trait in his splendid character 
can be especially referred to it was 
his loyalty and unselfish devotion to 
friends, family and business associates. 
To all he was deeply attached, and 
his single purpose during his life in 
Dover seemed to be to bear the bur- 
dens of others. There was no duty 
that he ever shirked, and his sound 
business judgment, friendship and ad- 
vice were much sought.'' 

" Dover has been richer and brighter 
as a consequence of his life work," 
said Foster's Daily Democrat. '''In- 
herently honest, at all times upright, 
courageously frank, cultivated and 
broad-minded, he has commanded 
the respect, honor and esteem of our 
people." 



The Hall of Memory 321 

E. G. E. 

By Stewart Everett Howe 

J Tis evening and, amid the silent gloom 

That always follows in the wake of night. 
Alone I sit within my dear old room. 

Where, smiling through the tears. I planned life's fight; 
I see a picture through the shadows loom 

Upon the wall where flickers faint the light, 
A livirjg-likeness of a man than whom 

No soul on earth stands nobler for the right! 

Grand friend, good-bye. you came and stood by me, 

(When I was lost upon life's winding way) 
To show me foot-steps where the great have trod; 

All that I am and all that I shall be, 
In laughing life or in pathetic clay, 

I owe to you, to parents and to God! 



THE HALL OF MEMORY 

By L. J. H. Frost 

There's an ancient hall that is long and wide; 

It stands on the bank of a restless tide. 

Whose turbulent waves as they beat the shore 

Seem repeating the words, " Nevermore/' "Nevermore.'* 

And many a picture hangs on the wall 
Of this silent, ancient, time-stained hall; 
Some are so dark that they seem to lend 
Depth to the gloom that surroundeth them; 

Others so bright that they seem to cast 
A halo of- light over clays that are past — 
Days that were darkened by clouds of woe, 
In the far away years of the sad long ago. 

The pictures that hang in memory's hall 

Are the truest, sweetest, saddest of all; 

For thev show a vision of by-gone years, 

With their rainbow of hope, or their cloud-rack of fears. 

Sometimes at night the barred door open swings, 
And a sound is heard as of angel wings; 
Then a noiseless step on the long aisle falls. 
While a light illumines the pictured walls; 



322 The Granite Monthly 

And strains of rare music, low and sweet, 
Seem measuring time for angel feet; 
Then floating out on the still starlit air. 
They pulsate and tremble and die away there. 

Should a mortal pass through the open door, 
And with loitering feet tread the dusty floor, 
He will hear the voices of other days, 
Calling him back from this life's thorny maze; 

And forms of the loved and lost he will see, 
Who sailed with him once on life's stormy sea. 
But have moored their barque on the shining strand 
Of the measureless shore of the bright morning land. 

He will look and listen till from afar 
Comes the sound of waves on the ocean bar; 
Then with folded hands at the dawn of day 
And a prayer on his lips, he will steal away. 



THE ETERNAL LOVERS 

By H- Thompson Rich 

Saffron, king of the sunset. 

Purple, queen of night : ' 
Fond, eternal lovers 

In the failing light! 

Ever, ever a-dancing 
Down the wide skyway, 

All the dark behind you, 
In your faces day; 

Tripping over the mountain, 
Skipping through the dale, 

Maying in the twilight 
When the shadows fail; 

Glad-eyed, lovely as laughter, 
Light-limb, dainty-toe, — 

All a-flush with loving, 
Round the earth you go. 

Saffrcm, king of the sunset, 
Purple, queen of night: 
Arm in arm forever .... 
A h y f<rr such delight! 



• ... ' * 



3*3 



VISITS OF FAMOUS MEN TO DOVER 

By Annie Went worth Boer 



June 6, 1792, the State Legislature 
sat in the new court house, just built 
in Dover, and Mr. Scales says in his 
History of Strafford County, ''So 
Dover was the Capital of New Hamp- 
shire." This was the first and last 
session held in Dover; but the court 
house remained and is known today 
as Bradley's Garage. 

In this court house many famous 
lawyers addressed juries. Among the 
number who came to Dover we read 
of Daniel Webster. Jeremiah Mason, 
Ichabod Bartlett and Jeremiah Smith. 
It is written that Daniel Webster, 
while living in Portsmouth, would 
ride horseback through Newington, 
across the Piscataqua bridge, on to 
Leighton's hill, where he would call 
on William King Atkinson, and to- 
gether they would ride in a most 
friendly manner to the Dover court 
house, where all da}* they would wage 
fierce legal battles. 

Here at times the United States 
District Court convened, Judge John 
Sullivan presiding. I am told that no 
"'Flower pot'' judge accompanied the 
United States Judge. 

My subject says: " Famous Men," 
and does not advise me whether they 
were famous for their virtues or their 
vices. Perchance, with the question 
open, it will be safe to mention a visit 
and stealthy departure of the famous 
(?) Henry- Tufts, from the jail on 
"Jail Kill." August 26, 1794,' Theo- 
philus Dame, sheriff, gave notice that 
•"the noted Henry Tufts broke out of 
jail on the night of the 25th." He 
was confined for his old offence, that 
is, theft, and is described as ''about 
six feet high, and forty years of age, 
wears his own hair, short and dark 
coloured, had a long blue coat." Five 
dollars reward is offered for his arrest. 

Tufts was born in Newmarket, in 
1748. His grandfather was a clergy- 
man and graduated at Harvard col- 



lege in 1701. His father was said to 
be a college graduate. Mrs. Scales, 
in her most excellent paper on this 
famous (?) man, read before the 
Northam Colonists in 1911, said that 
he seemed to have been the only mem- 
ber of the family who led a disrepu- 
table life; but this Henry was the most 
noted vagabond of his da}', and spent 
much of his time in Dover or other 
jails for the petty offences of which he 
was guilty. A history of his life and 
misdeeds, making a book of 360 
pages, was published in or about 
1S07, from a Dover printing office, 
written by Major Thomas Tash of 
New Durham, from Tufts' dictation. 
He was in and out of the army during 
the Revolutionary war as suited his 
mood. He died in Lemington, Maine, 
in 1831. in the 83d year of a misspent 
life. Mrs. Scales told us that it was 
supposed that the descendants of this 
man had gathered all the copies of 
this biography possible, and destroyed 
them: but a very short time ago, 
Miss Garland, our watchful librarian, 
knew that a copy of Tufts' "Life" was 
to be sold at auction in Boston on a 
given date. She laid the matter be- 
fore the library officials, and received 
permission to bid S10 for the book. 
Woe is me! The volume was worth 
|15 of someone's money, and Dover 
failed to possess the book. 

July 17, 1817, President Monroe, 
who took his seat March 4 of the same 
year, made a visit to New England, 
going from Boston to Portsmouth and 
Portland, and returning by way of 
Dover, which he reached this day. 
He was received at the line of the 
state by a committee appointed by 
the town authorities, conducted by 
the marshals and select escorts, when 
the following address was made to him 
by the Hon. D. M. Dureli: 

"Mr. President: In the progress of 
vour national visit, you confer an 



324 



The Granite Monthly 



additional honor upon New Hamp- 
shire, by this day reentering the first 
state upon the records of our union. 
Your" fellow citizens of the vicinity 
eagerly seized the occasion for again 
paying their respects to the chief 
magistrate of a great and happy na- 
tion. We cheerfully present you, sir, 
the tribute of our most affectionate 
regards, and pray you to accept it, 
as the pledge of our veneration and 
esteem, both for yourself and for the 
government over which you are called 
to preside." 

The President was then escorted by 
the principal inhabitants of Dover, a 
part of Captain Lyman's troops from 
Rochester and Milton, under the 
command of Col. Edward Sisc, and a 
great cavalcade of citizens to this 
town. On his arrival, he received a 
national salute from the artillery. 
After passing a few moments at 
Wyatt's Inn, the President, attended 
by his suite, proceeded to an eminence 
arranged for the purpose, near Colonel 
Cogswell's decorated with evergreen 
and roses, where he was addressed by 
the Hon. Wm. King Atkinson. In 
this speech Mr. Atkinson welcomed 
the President to the ancient town of 
Dover; told him that the inhabitants 
duly appreciated his eminent services 
in the various high and honorable 
departments assigned him by the 
public voice. He said: "We have no 
fortifications, no attractions, for your 
view. Our pursuits are principally 
agricultural. We turn in part to 
domestic manufactures. We now give 
you, sir, 'tis all we can, a most cordial 
welcome to this part of New Hamp- 
shire. We humbly implore the great 
Parent of the universe, with' whom is 
the destiny of nations, to take you into 
His -holy keeping.'' He wished him a 
successful administration for himself 
and his country; prayed that his 
health be preserved and strengthened 
by his present tour, and that he have a 
safe return to his friends and family. 

To this address the President made 
an elegant, appropriate and particu- 
lar answer. He, with great modesty, 



observed that he considered this 
attention not paid to him as an indi- 
vidual, but to his office; that he felt 
himself honored by the attention paid 
him in this section of the Union, and 
united with us in fervent prayer that 
our government might be administered 
for the best interest of the nation. 

After this ceremony, the President 
and suite were escorted back to 
Wyatt's Inn by the committee, with 
whom he dined, and soon after he 
gratified many people by making his 
appearance on the streets. He passed 
the evening and night with the Hon. 
William Hale, who invited many citi- 
zens and their wives to spend the 
evening and be introduced to the 
President. Everyone was highly grat- 
ified by his dignified affability. The 
President and suite left Dover on the 
18th for Concord. 

Wyatt's Inn, in 1817, was the old 
Dover Hotel, and Colonel Cogswell's 
house stood opposite, where the New 
Hampshire House was built later, now 
the site of St. Mary's Academy. 

During the year 1824, General 
Lafayette made his third and last 
visit to this country and was every- 
where received with demonstrations of 
respect. A committee was appointed, 
August 30, to invite him to Dover. 
This committee consisted of John 
Waldron, who lived on the Page farm, 
near Page's Corner; Amos Cogswell, 
a prominent lawyer; Moses Wingate, 
a farmer, living on the Dover Point 
road (these three men had been sol- 
diers with Lafayette in the Revolu- 
tion) ; William Hale; a prominent 
citizen who lived in the Episcopal 
Parish House, then standing where the 
City Building stands today; Daniel 
M. Durell, who built and lived in 
the " Durell Mansion/' now known 
as the ''Broadway Hotel"; John 
Wheeler, a druggist, and John Wil- 
liams, the first agent of the '"'Dover 
Cotton Factory," incorporated in 
1812. This committee of men waited 
upon the General at Portsmouth, 
September 1. In a very earnest and 
generous address, they requested the 



Visits of Famous Men to Dover 



325 



General, in the name of their fellow 
townsman, to favor them with the 
opportunity of tendering him the 
homage of their respect in the village 
of Dover. 

General Lafayette said in reply: 
"Gentlemen: The warm reception I 
have this day experienced in the state 
of Xew Hampshire is very gratifying 
to my feelings, and the good people of 
the town of Dover have done me 
additional honor by deputing their 
committee to greet me on this occa- 
sion. When I shall have the pleas- 
ure of again seeing this part of the 
Union, which I hope to have in the 
course of the ensuing spring, I will do 
myself the honor to pay my respects 
to the village of Dover." 

June 23,. 1825, the long expected 
visit of the nation's guest (General 
Lafayette) was made to Dover. He 
came from Concord, where he had been 
received by the Legislature, and was 
met near the Durham line by the 
Dover committee of arrangements, 
and a large number of citizens in car- 
riage and on horseback. The General 
was introduced to the chief marshal, 
Hon. D. M. Durell, by Major Walker, 
marshal of the Durham escort. The 
procession was then formed and the 
General escorted into town. When 
on the hill near Captain Dunn's, a 
salute of thirteen guns was fired by the 
Dover Artillery, stationed on Pine 
Hill. The Strafford Guards, com- 
manded by Capt. Moses Paul, and 
the Rockingham Guards of Ports- 
mouth, commanded by Captain La- 
favour, did escort duty. Amidst the 
cheers of the great crowd of people 
who lined the streets, the procession 
proceeded down Pleasant Street (now 
Central Avenue). When the house 
of the late Hon. John P. Hale was 
reached, five little girls dressed in 
white, with blue sashes, stood on the 
stone steps and sang the song. "Wel- 
come,. Lafayette."' These children 
represented the first families of that 
time; they were Clarissa Pierce. Lydia 
Pierce. Martha Williams, Harriet 
Riley and Elizabeth Wheeler, The 



procession wailed, and when they had 
finished, the General rose in his car- 
riage and saluted the girls. 

At Tuttle's Square the procession 
passed beneath a grand arch, covered 
with evergreen, and trimmed with the 
French nag and the Stars and Stripes; 
at the new bridge (on Central Ave- 
nue), was another arch, and so on to 
Franklin Square, where the procession 
turned down Main Street and, by 
way of the Landing, came to the 
Dover Hotel. Here the General was 
introduced to the committee of 
arrangements, Hon. William Hale, 
chairman, who addressed the General 
in a very cordial speech, to which the 
General made a very appropriate 
reply, which was received with loud 
cheers from the people. 

After a suitable time for rest, the 
General, accompanied by the com- 
mittee, the Governor's aid, the Leg- 
islative committee, Colonel Dunlap 
and Colonel Emery, the aids of Gov- 
ernor Parris of Maine, and a large 
number of citizens, repaired to the 
town hall (the second floor of the old 
court house), which was decorated 
with appropriate ornaments and em- 
blems, where they partook of an 
excellent and sumptuous dinner, pre- 
pared by Mr. Wyatt for the occasion. 
-After the cloth was removed, thirteen 
toasts were announced by D. M. 
Christie, Esq. The fifth toast was: 
''General Lafayette — May his glory 
and happiness be equal to his exertions 
and sufferings in the cause of liberty.' 7 
General Lafayette, after having ex- 
pressed his thanks for the welcome of 
the people of Dover, for the toast just 
given, and for the manner in which it 
had been received, proposed the fol- 
lowing sentiment: 

"The town of Dover— May this 
cradle of Xew Hampshire for ever and 
ever, and more and more enjoy every 
sort of agricultural and manufactur- 
ing prosperity, the happy results of 
American independence and Repub- 
lican freedom. " 

The toast given by George Wash- 
ington Lafayette, the son of the Gen- 



The Granite Monthly 



eral, was: "Equality of rights, the cor- 
nerstone of the temple of liberty." 
by Mr. Lavasseur (the General's 
secretary): "Industry, source of pros- 
perity, the secret guarantee of lib- 
erty.'' By S. Mitchell, Esq.: "The 
major-generals of our Revolutionary 
army — The chief columns that sus- 
tained liberty's temple throughout 
the War of Independence — rest to the 
fallen — health to Lafayette, the last 
chief column standing." 

After dinne r the General and suite, 
by previous invitation, went to the 
mansion of the Hon. William Hale, 
where were gathered much of the 
fashion and beauty of this and neigh- 
boring towns, for the purpose of meet- 
ing the distinguished guest. Mrs. 
Hale and her daughters served a 
supper in a most elegant and tasteful 
style. The General spent the night 
in Mr. Hale's house, and now we have 
the "Lafayette House." 

The General left the Hale house 
Friday morning at 8 o'clock for 
Maine with a large escort. On arriv- 
ing opposite the cotton factories, the 
carriages halted, the great gate of the 
factory yard was thrown open, show- 
ing a double line of girls employed in 
the factory to the number of two hun- 
dred, all dressed in white with blue 
sashes. The General was cheered 
repeatedly. Messrs. Williams and 
Bridge conducted him into the fac- 
tory, the porch of which was beauti- 
fully decorated with evergreen and 
roses. The factory was still for a 
moment, but as if by magic it was 
instantly in full operation, attended 
by the girls who had received the 
company. On leaving the factory, 
the General was conducted to his 
carriage, and escorted to the line of 
the state of Maine, where he was re- 
ceived by Colonels Dunlap and 
Emery, aids of the governor of 
Maine. 

September 10, 1834, Hon. John 
Quincy Adams, ex-President, passed 
through Dover on his return from the 
W r hite Mountains, remarking to a 
gentleman with whom he was in con- 



versation, "that in all his travels he 
had never beheld natural secenery so 
imposing and beautiful as that to be 
met in New Hampshire." 

On Friday, July 2, 1847, President 
James K. Polk arrived in Dover on a 
special train at 9.30 a. m., accom- 
panied by James Buchanan, Secretary 
of State;, Hon. Nathan Clifford of 
Maine, Attorney-General; Edmund 
Burke of Xew Hampshire, Commis- 
sioner of Patents; Commodore Stew- 
art of the L T . S. Navy, and Captain 
Steen of the U. S. Dragoons. The 
train stopped on the Third Street 
crossing, where the citizens and school 
children went to meet the President 
for a few minutes. 

Louis Kossuth, the Hungarian exile, 
came to New England in 1851-52. and 
in that time he came to Dover, and 
spoke in the grove back of the old 
High School building. He was trying 
to float Hungarian bonds, believing if 
he had financial aid, Hungary could 
be freed. He wore a soft felt hat 
while in this country, and manufac- 
tories perpetuated his name by mak- 
ing felt hats after the shape of his, 
and giving them his name. At once 
stores selling men's goods were filled 
with Kossuth hats. It must have 
been a becoming style, for ten years 
after his visit Kossuth hats were in 
the market. 

March 2, 1860, Abraham Lincoln 
delivered a speech in the old city hall. 
He came to Exeter to visit his son, 
Robert T. Lincoln, who was fitting for 
Harvard College at Phillips Academy. 
The year before Mr. Lincoln had had 
his great series of debates with Judge 
Stephen A. Douglas, by which he be- 
came well known throughout the 
count n ; and when prominent Repub- 
licans knew that Mr. Lincoln was to 
be in Exeter, the Republican Central 
Committee sent a delegation consist- 
ing of Walcott Hamlin, Esq., Hon. 
William S. Stevens and George Math- 
ewson. Superintendent of the Print 
Works, to wait on Mr. Lincoln and 
request him to speak in Dover. Mr. 
Hamlin was spokesman when they 



Visits of Famous Men to Dov 



32' 



interviewed Mr. Lincoln. In reply 
Mr. Lincoln said: "I'm a poor man, 
and ought to be attending to my court 
business in Illinois where courts are 
in session. I cannot afford to come 
to Dover for nothing, as my only 
means for supporting my family comes 
from my law practice." 

Mr. Hamlin told Mr. Lincoln that 
he would see to it that he suffered no 
loss by delivering an address in Dover. 
Whereupon, Mr. Lincoln consented to 
come to Dover the next day and speak 
in the evening. As soon as the com- 
mittee reached home, they started a 
subscription paper and easily raised 
$150, Mr. Joseph Morrill being the 
first man to subscribe. It is recorded 
that Mr. Lincoln asked only $25 and 
expenses, but the committee gave 
him 8100, and were well satisfied. 
Hon. Thomas E. Sawyer introduced 
Mr. Lincoln, saying: "Ladies and 
Gentlemen, I have the pleasure of 
introducing Hon. Abraham Lincoln 
of Illinois, who will now address you." 
The hall was cleared of settees, and 
only voters were admitted to the main 
floor. Women sat in the gallery. 

Mr. Lincoln began his speech of 
two hours with these words:* 

"Mr. President, Ladies and Gentle- 
men: Whether you will or no, negro 
slavery is the great political question 
of the day," and from that on one 
could hear a pin drop in the hall. 
Many agreed that it was the greatest 
address they had ever heard. He 
said during his talk: "I am not 
ashamed to confess that twenty-five 
years ago (he was then fifty-one) I 
was a laborer, mauling rails, at work 
on a flat boat, just what might happen 
to any poor man's son. I want every 
man to have a chance, and I believe 
a black man is entitled to a chance 
to better his condition: that he may 
be a hired laborer this year, and the 
next year work for himself, and 
finally hire men to work for him. " 
There were many Democrats in the 
hall, and Mr. Lincoln, expecting this 
might be the case, when he made a 
specially strong point against the 



Democratic party's stand on the 
slavery question, would say: "Why 
don't you Democrats 'jaw back," as 
we say out West, if what I have said 
is not true?" He repeated the ques- 
tion several times, but no one "jawed 
back." 

It is almost fifty-five years since 
that great speech was given in Dover. 
It is estimated that 1,500 people 
listened to him, all forgetful of the 
passing of time. He has gone -to his 
reward, rent! many of his listeners 
have followed him into the Great 
Beyond; but we are thankful to be 
able to name several who are still 
with us, and who help to keep green 
the memory of Abraham Lincoln by 
their personal recollections. We have 
Col. Daniel Hall, John B. Stevens, 
William H. Yickery, Edmund Lane, 
Albert M. Canney, J. Frank Seavey, 
Jeremiah Y. Wingate, John S. Dame, 
D. W. Hallam. Thomas Tolmay, 
Charles A. Fairbanks (then a small 
boy),' Samuel Rackley, Everett O. 
Foss, who was a reporter, Charles C. 
Bunce. and James E. Wentworth, 
who walked from Salmon Falls, stood 
up two hours listening to the greatest 
speech he ever heard, and would have 
been glad to have stood two hours 
longer. 

Col. Daniel Hall very kindly gave 
us his impression of Abraham Lincoln 
when in Dover. He had read reports 
of the debate between Stephen A. 
Douglas and Mr. Lincoln in 1858, 
and the great speech delivered at 
Cooper Institute in February, 1859, 
when he presented point after point 
so clearly on the great questions of 
the day, slavery in particular, that 
he made an army of friends at once. 
When Mr. Lincoln came to Dover, 
March 2, 1860, he gave the people 
the Cooper Institute speech with a 
few changes. After a slight pause, 
Colonel Hall said : "It was the greatest 
speech I ever heard, so strong in its 
arguments, so clear, and of intense 
interest." Colonel Hall spoke of the 
wonderful character of the man; 
never one word against his moral 



328 



The Grimite Monthly 



character; his life was without blem- 
ish. He said: "It was in the minds 
of thinking people that Mr. Lincoln 
would be the next President, but 
Seward had a large following. When 
the convention met, Lincoln gained 
on Seward each ballot,'' and he said: 
"I believe it was the seventh ballot 
that elected Lincoln. A messenger 
went to him and said: 'The seventh 
ballot is for," — here he paused — Abra- 
ham Lincoln, and not Mr. Seward.' 
Mr. Lincoln was silent for a'second, 
then started up saying: 'There is a 
little woman up the street that will 
be interested in that/ and went out." 

Colonel Hall spoke of his height, 
and smiled as he said: "When Mr. 
Lincoln came to Dover, we — meaning 
many Republicans — met him at the 
depot. Richard N. Ross was with 
us, and Mr. Lincoln smiled when he 
met him, saying, ' You have some tall 
men in Dover,' and they measured 
back to back. Air. Lincoln was two 
or three inches the taller. Someone 
said: 'Wait a minute, we have a taller 
man here,' and Deputy Sheriff Ed- 
ward Barnard of Farmington, who 
had come down to hear Mr. Lincoln, 
was hunted up and presented to him. 
They proceeded to measure, and Bar- 
nard was the taller by two inches and 
a half, he being six feet seven inches, 
and Mr. Lincoln, according to his own 
account, was six feet four and one- 
half inches, strong. Mr. Lincoln was 
delighted, and bowed to a taller man 
than he was." Colonel Hall said: 
"I think Mr. Lincoln the greatest 
'mere man' that ever lived," and he 
spoke feelingly of his admiration for 
him. 

Mr. John B. Stevens says:. "Mr. 
Lincoln was taken first to an ante- 
room of the assembly hall. Later he 
was brought down to the city clerk's 
office. There he waited while the hall 
filled. I was substituting for Clerk 
Wiswall. Mr. Lincoln was given a 
chair on the outside of a long table. 
I kept my seat on the inside. The 
room was crowded. 1 recall George 
Mathewson, John E. Bickford, James 



Bennett, William S. Stevens. George 
Col-bath f Benjamin Gerrish, Jr., Kich- 
ard X. Ross, George Wadleigh. George 
W, Benn and Dr. Low as present. 
All showed a desire to talk to the dis- 
tinguished visitor. Mr. Lincoln was 
very affable; he asked me some ques- 
tions about the schools of Dover, and 
spoke highly of Phillips Exeter Acad- 
emy, where he had placed his son. 
He was a lean, big man, loose-limbed, 
wrinkled, smooth-shaved; voice in 
conversation low, trailing off at the 
end of sentence. When I got above, 
the hall was jammed, and I stood 
under the gallery. There was a tre- 
mendous body of elderly men seated, 
a few boys. I cannot properly describe 
the speech, — it was different, some- 
thing new, and the stories and allu- 
sions convulsed young and old. I 
find it difficult to discriminate between 
what he said and what I have read 
since. I was little more than a boy, 
and I own that I was more impressed 
by Mr. Lincoln's personal appearance 
than by his argument. He seemed so 
honest, so simple, touching and con- 
clusive. I don't recall that he moved 
much on the stage, but distinctly 
I remember the long arms swinging, 
the mask-like face, the quick turn of 
body to right and left as he drove 
home a red hot rivet of appeal: the 
mobile change in his face from gravity 7 
to mirth suggested rather than exhi- 
bited. But so far as I was concerned, 
coming events cast no shadow before. 
At that time it never crossed my mind 
that he would be President. After- 
wards I found that everybody else was 
sure of it. It is often thus, but I 
remember enough to know that the 
speech was full of freshness and origi- 
nality, and in accordance with the 
growing spirit of the North, so there 
was a perfect understanding between 
the speaker and the mature part 'of 
his audience, and Dover was deeply 
moved. '' 

Mr. William H. Yiekery was one 
of the great crowd who heard Mr. 
Lincoln on that memorable night. 
He says: "I pushed and crowded my 



Visits of Famous Men to Dover 



329 



way into the hall: it was jammed full, 
and enthusiasm prevailed, and ap- 
plause greeted his speech, as he made 
strong points about the dangerous 
spread of slavery; his strongest argu- 
ments were directed against any fur- 
ther extension of slavery. " Mr. Vick- 
ery says that the next morning 
Thomas Law was the barber who 
shaved Mr. Lincoln; his shop was over 
Mr. Hatch's store, corner of Orchard 
Street and Central Avenue. At that 
time Mr, Lincoln did not wear any 
whiskers, and Mr. Law had quite a 
task to scrape over the hills and val- 
leys of the grand face. From that 
day to the end of life, Mr. Law was 
an ardent admirer of Mr. Lincoln. 

Among the women who sat in the 
gallery and heard that celebrated 
speech, we have Mrs. J. Alonzo Wig- 
gin; and when she came out of the hall 
she met Mr. Lincoln on the stairway, 
and was introduced and shook hands 
with him. Miss Susan Woodman 
remembers Mr. Lincoln's visit well; 
she went with her father and sister 
to hear him. During Mr. Lincoln's 
stay in the city, he was the guest of 
Mr. George Mathewson, who lived 
in the agent's house on the corner of 
Nelson and Locust Streets. Much 
more could be written, but we have 
other visitors to Dover to remember. 

March 11, 1848, Gen. Sam Houston 
came to Dover by the invitation of 
the Democrats, to talk on the benefits 
which would be derived by the coun- 
try from the annexation of Texas, and 
made an effort to show that the true 
boundary between Texas and Mexico 
was the Rio Grande. He talked for 
two hours on this subject and the 
beauties of war and slavery. The 
Whigs, knowing that Houston was to 
come, and hearing that Horace Gree- 
ley was in Boston, sent a telegram 
asking him to come to Dover, and 
make a speech to follow Houston's. 

Mr. Greeley listened to Mr. Hous- 
ton's talk, took a few notes, and in one 
hour cleared the air of war and slavery. 

June 23, 1857, ex-President Frank- 
lin Pierce came to the newlv consti- 



tuted city of Dover, accompanied by 
James M. Mason of Virginia and 
others. They arrived on the 10 
o'clock train from Boston on their 
way to the White Mountains. A 
great crowd assembled in front of the 
American House. Dr. Joseph H. 
Smith introduced the distinguished 
guest. The ex-President's speech was 
a happy one. A large delegation of 
high school girls was present, and each 
stepped forward and shook hands 
with the speaker. Then the southern 
gentleman, Mr. Mason, was intro- 
duced. He was famous as the author 
of the Fugitive Slave Law of 1850, and 
was to figure four years later with 
John Slidell, as a guest of Captain 
Wilkes on the United States steamer 
San Jacinto. 

Gen. B. F. Butler addressed the 
citizens of Dover, March 10, 1865, 
by invitation. The city hail was 
crowded, and hundreds were unable to 
obtain admission. Daniel M. Chris- 
tie, Esq., presided, and introduced 
General Butler in a few fitting re- 
marks, who then proceeded to address 
the audience, speaking for an hour 
with great eloquence and effect. He 
closed his brilliant and patriotic ad- 
dress by saying: "See to it that Xew 
Hampshire, as she always has been, 
is, and is ever to be found in favor of 
the Lnion, the Government of the 
Right, and Liberty and Law. " 

Gen. U. S. Grant was in Dover in 
the fall of 1865, as he was on his way 
to Portland. It was not generally 
known that he was to pass through 
on a regular train which only made 
the customary stop, and only a very 
few people saw the General. 

During the administration of Mayor 
Eli V. Brewster, in 1868-69. Gen. Phil 
Sheridan came to Dover for a brief 
visit. He spoke from the steps of the 
Xew Hampshire House, and was intro- 
duced by Samuel M. Wheeler, Esq. 

In 1889, President Benjamin Har- 
rison passed through Dover. He ap- 
peared on the platform of the rear car; 
the train did not stop, simply slowed 
up as it went through. 



330 



The Granite Monthly 



September 26, 1896, Messrs. F. F. 
Fernald and F. C Chase went to 
Lawrence and induced William J. 
Bryan, then candidate for the presi- 
dency, to stop at Dover on his way 
through to Bath, Maine. They were 
successful, and he stopped off ten 
minutes from the train, arriving in 
Dover ten minutes past three. 
Crowd assembled before three o'clock 
and filled Depot Square. On the ar- 
rival of the train, Mr. Bryan immedi- 
ately .appeared at the rear door of his 
car, escorted by Mr. Fernald, and 
Chairman Amey of the New Hamp- 
shire Democratic Committee. The 
"orator of the Platte" went to a bag- 
gage wagon opposite the Dover Fur- 
niture CVs store. He was assisted 
into the cart, and began his talk. He 
was twice interrupted in his speech, 
first, when Mr. Arthur Sewell of Bath, 
the vice-presidential candidate, ap- 
peared, and was lifted into the cart 
beside the speaker; second, by a dog- 
fight under the cart. Mr. Bryan 
looked tired and careworn, and was 
hoarse from much speaking. When 
ten minutes had passed, he climbed 
down from the cart, entered his 
private car on the end of the regular 
train, and faded from the sight of his 
admirers. In this train went the 
company of pickpockets, whom some- 
one (not of Bryan's political faith) said 
he brought with him. The fallacy of 
this statement was shown, when a 
handsome young Democrat was re- 
lieved of forty dollars by the light- 
fingered gentry. 

August 29, 1902, President Roose- 
velt came to Dover, and was greeted 
by crowds of people. Franklin 
Square was packed with folks who 
came to see the first man of our great 
nation; and it was said to be the first 
time within the history of the grand 
old city thai a President of the United 
States addressed its citizens from a 
public platform on one of the public 
squares. The stand was erected near 
the old watering trough on Franklin 
Square, and was handsomely dec- 
orated with the national colors. 



About eleven o'clock the Dover band 
entered the stand nearby provided 
for them, and gave a fine program. 

At eleven thirty, Mayor Whittemore 
and members of the City Councils 
asemblcd at the City Building, and 
were conveyed in carriages to the 
stand on Franklin Square. The Straf- 
ford Guards, Major F. E. Rollins and 
Capt. Lewis E. Tut tie in command, 
and the Sawyer Rifles, Lieutenants 
Thayer and McLaughlin in charge, 
under the direction of Major Frank 
H. Keenan of the First Regiment Xew 
Hampshire National Guards, marched 
to the depot where they awaited the 
arrival of the President's train. Mar- 
shal Fogerty and his entire force were 
on hand early to assist in preserving 
order. Comrade John A. Goodwin 
and Capt. George A, Swain had charge 
of firing the salute. The field piece 
was placed near the old High School 
building on the Cocheco Manufac- 
turing Company's land, and a salute 
of twent\-one guns was fired when 
the train rolled in. Mayor Arthur 
G. Whittemore, ex-Gov. Charles H. 
Sawyer and Alderman Thomas H. 
Dearborn received the President. 

Carriages were in waiting; the first 
one was driven by Nehemiah Randall, 
the occupants being President Roose- 
velt, Secretary Cortelyou, Mayor 
Whittemore and ex-Governor C. H. 
Sawyer. On the box with Mr. Randall 
v/as a secret service detective who 
accompanied the President. 

The line of march was down Third 
Street to the square. When the 
President alighted those seated on the 
stand arose and stood uncovered until 
he was seated. Mayor Whittemore 
introduced the President in a brief 
speech. The people greeted President 
Roosevelt with great applause. He 
spoke for ten minutes and pleased the 
crowd. At the conclusion of the 
speech the party returned to the sta- 
tion where they were received by a 
delegation of Maine officials, who were 
to escort the President across the line 
into Maine, where Governor Hill 
would meet the party at his home in 



Visits of Famous Men to Dover 



331 



Augusta. At 12.27 the train moved 
slowly out of the station. President 
Roosevelt stood on the rear end plat- 
form with his hat off, bowing to the 
people as the train went by. Cheer 
after cheer was given until he passed 
out of sight. 

Saturday, October 19, 1912, our 
honored and esteemed citizen. Col. 
Daniel Hall, presented his royal gift, 
The Memorial to Soldiers and Sailors, 
to the city of Dover. A large crowd " 
of deeply interested people met on the 
grounds about the noble monument. 
Grand Army men gathered from all 
the towns around; it was really their 
day. and other folk came to pay their 
respects to the men who preserved us 
as a nation. A large stand accom- 
modated the special guests of the 
donor, and the orator of the day, 
Hon. James Tanner of Washington, 
D. C. The clouds were weeping 
softly, as if in remembrance of the 
men to whom this beautiful monu- 
ment was raised. 

Colonel Hall first introduced his 
namesake, the apple of his eye, the 
comrade of his sunset days, and said: 
"At high noon on the 12th day of 
February, 1909, just 100 years to a 
day and hour after God gave us 
Abraham Lincoln, another man-child 
made his advent into the world, and 
this, my only grandson, was born. 
Not that I needed him on that day, or 
any other, to recall to me the name 
and memory of the grandest man of 
the ages, the Preserver of the Ameri- 
can Union, the immortal Author of the 
Emancipation Proclamation, and the 
Orator of Gettysburg. I need not 
say that my hopes are centered in this 
little boy who bears my name, and it 
pleases me to commit to his infantile 
hand the unveiling of this monument." 

Little Dan did his part in this great 
event, and the noble proportions of 
the grand tribute to soldiers and sail- 
ors stood before the people. Then, 
Colonel Hall, with the oratory for 
which he was noted in his college 
days and forever after, presented to 
Hon. Dwight Hall, the mayor of the 



city, the beautiful gift in the choice 
English peculiar to himself, expressing 
reverent memory for those whose 
''life's fitful fever" was ended, and an 
earnest desire to emphasize and per- 
petuate the principles for which 
they had contended in life. Mayor 
Dwight Hall accepted the gift in a 
most generous and patriotic speech. 
The dedicatory exercises by Charles 
W. Sawyer Post, No. 17, G. A. R., 
under the command of Albert F. 
Stackpole, were then performed; 
Emery's Military Band gave a selec- 
tion, and the members of the Post 
then took seats on the platform. All 
were eager to get a glimpse of "Cor- 
poral Tanner," when Colonel Hall 
proceeded to introduce this hero of 
the Rebellion to his comrades and 
admirers as the orator of the day. 

He told of the invitation given and 
the fear that the orator would not be 
able on account of a proposed trip to 
California to accept, and the change 
in plans that brought "Corporal 
Tanner" to Dover. I have tried to 
tell something of this introduction in 
my own language to save time, but 
dear! the poverty of expression appal- 
led me, and in justice to Colonel Hall, 
to my audience and to myself, I turn 
to the author's own words, for they 
were like ''apples of gold in pictures of 
silver." He said, speaking of " Cor- 
poral Tanner," "It is not, perhaps, 
quite delicate to speak of him in his 
presence in a way that the emotions of 
this occasion prompt, but I cannot for- 
bear to say that no man living and 
known to me has suffered so much for 
his country. Towards the close of the 
second year of the war, in that sanguin- 
ary battle of the i Second Bull Run,' 
when the Star of the Republic seemed 
to be setting in blood, he had the aus- 
tere glory of sacrificing both of his feet 
and lower limbs to his country, and after 
numerous amputations, and enduring 
torments too horrible to relate, he has. 
with sublime courage and fortitude, 
made his way in the world on artificial 
supports, that have allowed him never 
a day nor an hour of comfort or sur- 



332 



The Granite Monthly 



cease from pain.' - ' He spoke of his 
tour of the American continent, of 
the great audie&ces he had thrilled 
by his natural and spontaneous elo- 
quence, and everywhere had been an 
evangel of patriotism, and the de- 
fender and supporter of his comrades. 
"I have been proud to be his friend 
for many years; he has come here as 
a personal favor and compliment to 
me, and I now have the honor to in- 
troduce him to you. the Hon. James 
Tamier — let me not forget to give him 
his highest title, 'Corporal Tamier/ of 
Washington, D. C.' ; 

A mighty cheer greeted this man, 
as he stood " uncovered before the 
people. "The frosts that never melt 
had gathered in his hair," his face 
was pale and drawn from suffering. 
but his eyes burned with a holy fire. 
He told of the years that had passed 
since Sumter was fired on, and of the 
wonderful growth of the country in 
fifty years. Then he told of the awful 
destruction of human life during the 
Civil War. "Of the 2,700,000 who 
answered Liberty's cry for help, 2,- 
100,000 sleep the sleep that knows no 
waking till God's Judgment Day. 
When Liberty in mortal peril voiced 
her cry for help through the lips and 
pen of the greatest American of all 
time — bar none — Abraham Lincoln, 
we had the stature; whether we had 
the years or not, which enabled us to 
answer that cry, for we had 1,151,- 
438 soldiers under eighteen years of 
age." He enumerated by name the 
battlefields, and said: "'They were but 
names to the non-history reading ci- 
vilian, but they were the sacrificial 
altars of the Republic, on which, in 
whose defense, we poured our great 
oblations of the best and bravest 
blood in the whole land. Many have 
sat in the house of worship, and been 
thrilled by that famous hymn, 'Hold 
the Fort, for I am coming,' in total ig- 
norance of the fact that that sweet 
singer of Israel, P. P. Bliss, the author 
of that hymn, found his inspiration 
in an incident familiar to all veterans. 

"Corse, holding Altoona Pass, was 



hard pushed, and Sherman wig- 
wagged at him the message, 'Hold the 
fort. I am coming.' Corse signaled 
back an answer which I have never 
heard of being set to music, either 
sacred or profane. His message was: 
'I am short one ear and part of ray 
cheekbone, but we can whip all hell 
yet,'" 

He spoke of the bravery of the 
American soldier, and said: "For 
many years the civilized world had 
listened to the story of 'The Charge 
of the Six Hundred at Balaklava.' 
Somebody blundered. We shall never 
know who, for the officer who brought 
the command was killed within ten 
minutes. At the head of the Six 
Hundred English Horse, there sat in 
his saddle Lord Cardigan, the last of 
his lordly line. He knew when he 
read the order that it was a command 
for him and his men to do the impossi- 
ble. He knew that the gates of the 
Eternal opened wide for them that 
moment. But he was a soldier, and 
it was his first duty to obey orders. 
It is said that just before he gave the 
order to charge, he drew his sword- 
btelt one buckle-hole tighter, muttered 
in an undertone: 4 Here goes the last 
of the Cardigans,' gave the order to 
charge, and the Six Hundred rode to 
defeat and death. Can we match it? ,; 
he asks. "'Come with me to that 
awful day in '63 at Chancellorsville — 
the line broken where the Ilth Corps 
had stood, a great gap. The eagle of 
the Confederacy. Stonewall Jackson, 
was quick to grasp the situation, and 
was rushing to throw his forces in be- 
tween our severed lines. On one side 
of that break rested numerous pieces 
of our artillery, unaligned; on the far 
side, there sat in their saddles three 
hundred of the 8th Pennsylvania 
Cavalry, at their head Major Peter 
Keenan. Fortunately for the Union 
cause, there came dashing down the 
line that splendid soldier and gentle- 
man, General Alfred Pleasanton. 
One glance gave him the situation. 
Without halting/ he cried out to the 
officer in charge of the artillery: 



Visits of Famous Men to Dover 



;33 



4 Align those guns, double shotted, 
grape and canister, three second fuse.'' 
Galloping on to ''Major Keenan,' he 
said, pointing to Jackson's column, 
'You must charge that column and 
hold it in check five minutes, or the 
field is lost/ Peter Keenan was a 
cultivated Irish gentleman. He knew 
the meaning of General Pleasant oil's 
command, and he knew in all prob- 
ability he was living in the last mo- 
ments of his life. Rising in his stirrups 
as he saluted, he said: 'General, we 
will do it, and we will die/ gave the 
order to charge, and led the way. 
Jackson's rifles volleyed, and the 
saddles were empty. Later in the 
day we found that nine bullets had 
entered Keenan's breast, his adjutant, 
who rode by his side, received fifteen. 
Their souls went to God from the sad- 
dle. The time had been gained, and 
the day was saved." 

Other instances of wonderful brav- 
ery he told of, as the rain came softly 
down. 

Lastly he said: "In the year of our 
Lord nineteen hundred and twelve, 
your Uncle Sam, by the grace of God, 
and through the devotion and self- 
sacrificing of his sons living and dead, 
sits on a front seat in the parliament 
of nations, co-equal with all the kings 
and emperers of the earth." 

October 23, 1912, President William 
H. Taft and party motored from 
Portsmouth to Dover, on their way 
to Poland Springs in Maine. Frank- 
lin Square was once more crowded 
with people, vehicles and machines. 
Everyone was in good humor, and 
divided their attention between the 
American House, where the President 
was to speak, and the city building, 
where they expected to get the first 
glimpse of the great man. At once a 
huge car shot into view, with two or 
three more in close pursuit. The 
steam road roller screamed a cordial 
welcome, and started nervous by- 
standers heavenward. The Presi- 
dent's car whirled down Washington 
Street — the Central Avenue bridge 



was being . built — parsed the mill, 
where the girls, at nearly every 
window, cheered the President, who 
waved his hat with vigor, and dashed 
around Xutter's corner, up Main 
Street, and was at the American in a 
trice. Here, so the story runs, two 
Dover men of affairs had ransacked 
the hostelry to find a chair of gener- 
ous proportions, and finally decided 
on a sleepy-hollow. This they pro- 
ceeded to decorate, or rather cover, 
with the Stars and Stripes. It was 
pinned on, and lashed on with strong 
cords: and when they had finished, 
they surveyed their handiwork, and 
said, "It is well." 

President Taft and party were met 
at the steps by Hon. Dwight Hall, 
Mayor, and other prominent men. 
He was conducted to this flag-be- 
t rimmed chair. The President looked 
aghast, and said: "I cannot sit on the 
flag." Than a dash was made for 
another chair, and one from the office 
was produced. This had arms and 
was not made for a man of such ample 
proportions as President Taft thenwas. 
He bowed his thanks, and wedged him- 
self into the chair as far as he could. 
This ceremony of seating the Presi- 
dent being over, Mayor Hall, in a 
short speech, introduced the distin- 
guished guest to the people. 

Acknowledging the introduction, 
President Taft arose, and the chair 
came also. Willing hands come to 
his aid, and after several vigorous 
yanks, the President was freed. He 
told the people that he realized that 
they came to honor the office he held. 
and asked the group of school chil- 
dren in front of the crowd, if the teach- 
ers let them out to see the President. 
They said k, yes." "Well," he said, 
"they did down to Portsmouth, too." 
Ot er remarks he made in the few 
minutes he tarried, and the people 
cheered. Then in less time than it 
takes to read it, the party was 
whisked out of fight, and another 
President was added to Dover's list 
of " Famous Visitors." 



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33 S 



THE TREE OF TAMWORTH 

By David Ala wen 



A Traveler, weary indeed, but not 
footsore, for his feet were inured to 
the st€ i epest trail of the hills, was 
Hearing, one Fourth of July, the goal 
of his steadfast progress. He had 
reached that lovely amphitheatre, 
almost midway between Chocorua 
Peak and the warm, green, generous 
slopes of Ossipee. The broad valley 
is traversed by several roads which, 
if not utterly commendable as to 
maintenance, all suggest to those 
who are wise to their lead, near or far 
revelations of superbly individual 
mountains, shimmering lakes in 
stately forests and, finally, after the 
years of waiting on the part of the 
first roads that dared strike across the 
primeval grandeur, homes of many 
men whose wits, because they were of 
the separatist, ideal-seeking, nature- 
loving type, brought them to sure 
havens of work and rest, of labor and 
fruition, of the ever-open book of 
heaven and earth's collaboration, so 
facile of reading to the expert and 
blank as washed boulders to the 
dullard. 

The name of the amphitheatre is 
"Tamworth the Blessed." Blessed 
in her situation between rugged 
mountains whose strength enters into 
the hearts of the men who know them 
and the tenderer embrasures of hills, 
where flowers grow with coy delight 
in their own forms and colors; blessed 
in her amber waters, her noble groves 
with music learnt in Eden, in, we 
affirm because of no proved negation, 
the good human sense and ready intel- 
lect of her inhabitants; in, finally, the 
memory of that Spirit which came 
from "Rowley's hills of pines' 7 to 
found an altar for the Eternal in her 
midst; a Spirit as tense and unre- 
mitting in zeal as was Whitefield's, 
and who brought the humanities — 
too often not paired with so-called 
"divinities'' — to Tamworth, to estab- 
lish them for all generations. 

3 3^' 



The Traveler was a man who had 
been reared with ideals as straight as 
that line of lightning which cleaves 
the face of Chocorua with one per- 
pendicular flame when the old Chief, 
in righteous rage, has to belch forth 
the old, old curse of the betrayed 
which rankles in all wronged human 
souls from the days of Goshen down, 
and is a bullet which rebounds unfail- 
ingly to the warm life on the hearth of 
the betrayer. 

The Traveler had discovered that 
the Straight Line had matched with 
the expediencies of a business career 
as well as it might with a snake's glide. 
Still, as he moved across the fields of 
Tamworth the Traveler was not 
worrying over the world. He gave 
himself up to the hour and the sky. 
It was time for the sun to set on this, 
the latest Fourth of Freedom, and the 
heavens were lit as if willing to partici- 
pate in the festal glow of America. 
The entire northern half of the sky 
was one clear vault of blue, cloudless 
save for a puff of rose that rested in 
the motionless air to the left of Cho- 
corua's head, caressing it and express- 
ing the smile which stays in the heart 
of the warrior, for, to the end of time, 
he will not show it to the folly at his 
feet. The bird and the sunset cloud 
know him, know of it, tell it out, 
unchidden, and carry it a thousand 
miles to people who cannot read the 
plain text : v ' The smile from Chocorua's 
heart." 

From Page Hill to Great Hill there 
spanned a curious arch of finest down, 
regular, unbroken, pearl-white, fringed 
like a mantle on the south, shortly 
but exactly, the entire length. From 
Mount Whittier to Page Hill the sky 
was one vivid, steadfast rose. In the 
southwest a slender crescent, extend- 
ing her horns to the evening star, hung 
in a clear, unclouded golden light. 

Ah no! Only the Traveler lived so 
lost to self and wordly calculations 



336 



The Granite Monthly 



in the unusual lights of the setting sun 
that he reckoned with time as we do, 
when, by altar 01 on public platform, 
some unique event unmanacles us 
from time and space to instruct us in 
the eternity of the spirit. Choeorua 
alone was steadfast. The rose flick- 
ered out by his brow, the glow of the 
south paled; Diana and Venus, self- 
interested goddesses, sank to where 
no vulgar eye could follow: the key- 
stone of the great, white arch rolled 
back from the zenith and the Traveler 
counted the evening chimes from the 
church spire. 

"It is always the Fourth here!" 
was the gay response to remarks of 
the Traveler on the quiet neighbor- 
hood when he reached his destination, 
a white New England homestead with 
deep-foliaged maples in front. Here 
he was to rest the night and recall with 
the older members of the family the 
history of Tamworth's early days, a 
task that never palled, for he himself 
was a son of the granite peak which 
.had worn the rose that night, and the 
whole valley was his ever-welcoming 
home. 

The next morning we will go with 
our Traveler on an easy road to the 
holy ground of Tamworth's history. 
Easy, though we cross from main road 
to main road by a trail leading through 
sweetfern and savin, past one w 7 iid 
glen of fir and pine that holds us 
quietly awhile in its rugged beauty. 
In little over half an hour we reach 
the "Ordination Rock," just this side 
of the cemetery where the lots are 
portions of resting-ground marked off 
by names all repeated today in the 
village wdiose white spire is visible 
from the rock. In the northeast 
corner is a tablet, horizontally sup- 
ported on New Hampshire granite 
posts: under it lies the du>t of the 
soldier and pastor who ''came to the 
"Wilderness and made it a fruitful 
field. " In the same God's acre lie the 
bodily remains of Mrs. William 
Eastman who declared in what was 
then a fruitful orchard hung with 
September fruit, back of the rock, 



''Mr. Hidden shall be ordained today!"' 
It was the fiat lux of the pioneers and 
— strange how quick the men of 
mountains are — all gathered around 
the mighty rock whose white obelisk 
today recalls the fight, the victory, 
the life of the community. Not be- 
fore, however. Mr. Hidden had struck 
that vibrating key-note of the true 
church which is bright with Christ's 
own o'ermastering diction: that small 
dissensions, a?sthetic forms, climatic 
or local expediencies have naught to do 
with the love of God. 

Argument had arisen over baptism 
and its ceremonial, but God's love, 
which is above and before all rite and 
ceremony, was waiting to be recog- 
nized, and a woman proclaimed the 
fact. So the grand union of the prin- 
ciples which make for life abounding 
was manifest in the forest ordination. 

If ever a man gave his life for his fel- 
low-men it was Samuel Hidden, who 
fought from 1777 to 1781 for the 
liberty of a people, worked in order to 
win in Dartmouth College that knowl- 
edge which "trembles not at the 
threatenings of ignorance," came to 
the far fastnesses of the pioneer, and 
was the direct light and inspiration of 
fifty-six pastors and teachers who 
went out from the Hidden Ordination 
Rock, it may be said. 

The Traveler turned from the rock, 
"hurled from its mountain throne" 
to symbolize the strength of a com- 
munity's spiritual comfort, and saw 
in front of him Mount Whittier. A 
surging flood of thought possessed 
him in the warm, nerve-quickening air. 
Why could not more men on this 
unhappy earth be worthy of com- 
memoration — not by stone figures of 
doubtful aesthetic value overlooking 
rigid paths and the crimes of a city, 
but mountains, bare to heavens that 
know no sin, rocks immovable as this 
one where the Holy Spirit hovered in 
its own hour, its own place — the heart 
of a just and loving man? 

Fragments of the first poem on the 
rock came to the Traveler as, with his 
fine surgeon-hand resting on the 



The Tree of Tamworth 



33' 



granite, he looked, across to the warm 
green slopes of Osslpee. Suddenly 
the deep gray eyes darkened as a con- 
vincing idea was born behind them. 

"Is that thy brother on Plymouth 
Shore? '\ 

An oriole's gold flashed by, clung 
to as birch-twig a second, then hurried 
to the blue beyond the hemlock. 

The Traveler started, turned. 
Someone was there, he knew, smiling 
behind him. Yet, not a human. being 
nearer than the white homestead be- 
yond the cemetery! Still, surely as 
he saw no form, so surely the smile 
he had known behind him had been 
there. The Traveler shivered slightly 
in the July sun, the impression had 
been so strong. With a strange, half- 
involuntary analysis he came to an 
understanding of the difference be- 
tween the two rocks. Peril and hero- 
ism to meet it — that and much more 
is symbolized by the rock of the land- 
ing but in the wake of Tamworth Hock 
there is no ear-cutting, no whipping of 
women on the naked body, no Wil- 
liam Lloyd Garrison in jail or enduring 
gross abuse, no following up of dis- 
traught minds with cruelty and death, 
no hanging for a difference in creed. 
Tamworth Rock was the focus of 
spirits craving and finding union in 
the name of one God, one redemption, 
September 12, 1792. A later day had 
come and from near that parish which 
in years of witchcraft had "in history 
only the romantic corona of that dark 
eclipse of reason and humanity" from 
a neighborhood whose enterprise was 
unexcelled and from which judges, 
ministers, historians and poets, scien- 
tists and reformers, army and navy 
leaders went forth to all ends of the 
states; by way of Newburyport, where 
now Whitefield's bones lie beneath 
the Bible of his own using, and 
where, wlien the soldier-priest passed 
through, the nucleus was already 
formed of today's prosperity, of which 
one historian says : "No such produc- 
tion of wealth can be found elsewhere, 
man for man and woman for woman" 
bearing in him the genius of an in- 



tensely productive erudition, with the 
wide horizons of Dartmouth and the 
close, shoulder-to-shoulder life with 
the laborer in nature's untainted 
fields of produce. Mr. Samuel Hid- 
den arrived in the broad green valley 
between Chocorua and Ossipee, to be 
welcomed by the "hardy sires of a 
sterling stock" as a man who could 
stretch the message-wires between the 
wilderness and all fair havens of cul- 
tivation, progress and spiritual en- 
lightenment. 

The Traveler left the Ordination 
Rock as the sun was potently announc- 
ing a day of great heat and started to 
return to the homestead by the same 
road, but crossed the pastures by a 
different path, attracted toward a 
deep forest of hemlock and pine, 
through which he vaguely recollected 
an old road leading from hill to hill. 
He never arrived at the said path but, 
as so frequently happens to the wan- 
derer, the revelation of a lifetime 
brought a thanksgiving to his lip 
for his own erratic steps. Crushing 
the sweetfern and brake as he passed 
he had nearly reached the dark 
hemlock borders of the forest when 
he saw in front of him a rock, not so 
large as the one with the memorial 
shaft but yet a noble mass of gran- 
ite, a Gibraltar, one had thought, 
against any force short of dyna- 
mite. But the powers of nature, so 
slow to myopic humanity, so sure 
and perfect of attainment to herself, 
had been at work in her own sj'tematic 
unremitting fashion of the aeons. 
When the surgeon receives from the 
manufacturer his latest lancet, he 
enthusiastically admires the fine blade 
reduced, as it is to the slenderest possi- 
ble expression of metal. But there is 
a far finer instrument than this almost 
invisible edge which is to eliminate the 
evil, ait instrument used by nature 
every day for the perfecting of crea- 
tion, in elaborating the content of 
microscopic capillaries, in regulating 
the mysteries of the heart's innermost 
cell, the pulses of the genius and the 
thrush, in the cohesion of a clod and 



33S 



The Granite Monthly 



the diffusion of the mayfiower's frag- 
rance. With the simplicity which 
marks all true grandeur, nature uses 
this same tool to fashion a thunder- 
bolt and to put the bloom on a berry. 
The name of it is Light. 

The rock was cleft by a V-shaped 
aperture, now thirty inches wide at 
the top, eight at the bottom and out 
of the V grew a birch, a noble tree with 
healthy, far-reaching limbs, abundant 
foliage and an air of victory that sits 
with no arrogance on nature's own. 
"I have conquered,'' says this birch, 
hard of texture, glossy of skin. The 
man regarding it recognized the vic- 
tory due to all who struggle to triumph 
over the death dealt out to every 
individual aspiration of holiness, every 
ideal of high fulfilment, every reform 
in a country's government. The 
Traveler rested in front of the tree. 
How the hand of a Dore would have 
delighted in tracing on canvas the 
massive roots which had reared and 
heaved through the aperture, so small 
in the memory of man that a hare 
could not sneak through it. Having 
overcome ''the oppressor's wrong" 
they now support a perfect tree. As 
the roots curved and finally squared 
themselves, each inch of aggression 
against such 'hostile force demon- 
strated the power that belongs to 
Light alone. 

"Behold your Instructor!" 
How many know when Instruction 
with full, warm pulses stands before 
them? Like Galahad, men do not ask 
the zealous questions of an honest 
science. Galahad began first to ques- 
tion when ''Life had taught him work 
and law" as all the learning of the 
nuns, all the worldly wisdom of Gur- 
nenanz, could not do. 



Clouds, somewhere in the sky, but 
the Traveler's eyes were too altar- 
railed by thought to search for cause 
while the effect was a beautiful corol- 
lary to the poem he was reading; clouds 
from somewhere purpled the moun- 
tains and Passaconway stood in 
royal robing; the bare shoulders of 
Chocorua rose in violet from the dark 
belt below. From pyramid to peak 
there hung the morning's latest mantle 
of God's light. 

The power of growth is light that 
can push asunder the rocks for her 
children. 

The only royalty of the universe is 
light, clothing the character of granite, 
the home of song, the aspiration of the 
heights with the vesture of unfading 
magnificence. 

Remembering the man with whom 
he had spent the foregoing evening, 
the Traveler returned to the white 
home where he, the only surviving 
grandson of the soldier-pastor, still 
came for recuperation from the city. 
He who saw what the grandfather 
foresaw, the home, the church, the 
library, the most recent inventions 
in practical use, the "fruitful field," 
was warm with all the enthusiasm of 
any resident native over Tamworth 
and her surroundings. But the tales, 
rich in local color, which had unwound 
as links from the chain of memory the 
night before, found no sequels this 
morning. The Doctor and the Trav- 
eler, the man with the hand of a sur- 
geon, each a son of the hills, each with 
the heart of a poet that so rarely 
meets its fellow, walked toward the 
village, the two apart from things 
mundane, in that converse the richest 
part of which is the silence of a pro- 
found understanding. , 



From the fair, fertile upland of old Rowley's historied hill 
There came to young New Hampshire an ardent conquering will, 
Came to the wilderness as others said, to what he knew, 
With gift of prescient soul, was to align in avenue 
And homes for that posterity so dear to hope divine. 
Today a rock of reverend height remains as holy shrine 
Of him whose twofold soldierhood gave twofold liberty, 
But, cross tiie rugged pastures where the thrush's jubilee 



The Tree of Tamworth 339 

Each summer evening ring? the hymn which cheers Chocorua's breast, 

Where purple carpets caught by briar, hide many a nest. 

And there behold another rock as earth'! own monument: 

There wait and know there is a God. The Voice of the Ascent, 

Of greatest Love life ever knew, here speaks with Victory's spell, 

The tree triumphant over death life's watchword dares to tell: 

"Light is thy life, O man, as God is love and only love." 

Light is thy holy strength. cleanse thy heart till streams above 

No purer leap the heights and, with myself, the hardest foe 

That heart shall conquer well. Thy head shall bear o'er every woe 

And, benefactor of the weak, — that noblest empire yet, — 

Know thou thyself. O man! The golden rays of day that set ' 

Bej'ond my hemlock guard, shall find thee stark as I, and young 

When years have taught thee work and law as any lilt that's sung. 

In vortices of faith, O man, let thy soul rise to God 

And time will prove why Tamworth paths thy feet this hour have trod. 

The thunder of hell-war now rolls on roads of the Old World 

And dynasties, all worn and waned in Heaven's sight unfurled 

Their flags in month our freedom won. Death! is the watchword rung. 

Death rides apace for Teutons, Slavs of the same mother-tongue 

Must, for a moth-holed glove thrown down in Europe's campus fair, 

Put out the life of brothers in this sweet summer air. 

Death, then, is emperor now o'er gold of ripening field 

And potentates, so-termed, to war's insanity must yield. 

The challenge comes! Read right the contest of the troubled fools! 

Awakening to your task, remember God made men and tools 

But never said "Men are but tools,'' o'er one babe's helpless brow 

Nor grudged the least pure reason's leveling, freewill vow. 

America, art thou the light and hope of all the world? 
Then let our own well-proven Stars be valiantly unfurled, 
White signals of the soul! # Prove to the fight's red-running flood 
As proves above this riven rock each tender hope-filled bud, 
The God of all the universe is God of peace and home, 
Of work well-done, of symmetry of life, not martydorn 
Of men, not rags of tinsel, ranting song, nor uniform 
Compelled upon the young, young hearts of men all strong and warm 
To aim toward a perfect earth by valiant stroke and will. 
By rock o'ercome, by impulse light knew nobly to fulfil, 
By all the crowns our sweetest May's bring forth of sylvan green, 
By all the beauty, all the birth the patient years have seen, 
The wing its shadow and its rest, the nuptial song that stays 
The human soul in dim, unworded wonder why no praise 
Pours forth from human lip in tremor so divine and pure, 
By tree held sacred in the snow-bound north, by all its lure 
Of power and grace, America, break now the rock-bound life 
Of mind rebuffed, o'erdollared, stunned in narrowing, choking strife, 
And let the soul of every man know its own triumph now,— 
Emancipation of itself, its own unfettered brow. 
America,, there is but one ideal for any race. 
God's daughter to remain by right of light, by power of grace. 
Tamworth, A. H. 



340 The Granite Monthly 



CONCORD BY THE MERRIMACK 

By Edna Dean Proctor 

[Written for the One Hundred and Fiftieth Anniversary of the Charter of Concord.} 

Serene amid the meadows 

Her season? come and go; 
To north her glorious mountains, 

Her ocean tides below. 
Xo capital she envies 

Its peak or plain or river — 
Fair Concord by the Merrimack, 

Whose fame is ours forever. 

She guards New Hampshire's story 

Within as rare a shrine 
- As Rome or Athens builcled 

To those they held divine! 
For her sons come back to crown her — . . . 

Their ties they cannot sever — 
Fair Concord by the Merrimack 

Whose fame is ours forever! 

Still may the years bring wisdom 

And honor to her halls; 
Still her proud state be eager 

To serve when valor calls, 
And see her Capital for aye 

Of light and joy the giver — 
Fair Concord by the Merrimack 

Whose fame is ours forever! 



BED-TIME 

» By Frances M. Pray 

Win' am a-whispcrin' high in de pine tree, 
Dark am a-fallin' all quiet an' slow, 
Come now, ma honey, yo haid is so heavy, 
Cayn't fool yo mammy, yo'se tired I know. 

All de day long yo's been runnin' an' playin' 
Down in de fiel' whar de creek win' aroun'; 
Shut up dose eyelids, yo cayn't keep dem open, 
Shut dem up close now, an' lay yo haid down. 

Hear dat ole bull frog 'way down by de bayou, 
He say, "De da}' am all gone, go an' res';" 
Sho, yo ain't skeered, yo know nothin' gwine get yo, 
Yo all is safe hyar on ole mammy's breas'. 

Ail through de fie!' hear the crickets a-hurnmin', 
Hummin' to yo, chile, so sof an' so low, 
Slow now dey're closin' yo're brown eyes so sleepy,. 
Cayn't fool yo're mammy, yo'se tired I know. 
Tongaloo, Miss. 



3H-/ 



A WILDCAT STORY 

By L. E. Bliss 



They were taking a tramping trip 
through the mountains and stopped 
at a famous hostelry known as the 
White Mountain Inn. Mr. Ingleside 
was a man whom, once seen, you 
would never forget. He combined 
the splendid physique of one who had 
been fond of out-door life and sports 
with the intellectual lineaments of the 
true Bostonian. The cultured gentle- 
man was plainly visible in spite of the 
tramp garb he had donned for this 
occasion. His son, however, pos- 
sessed none of the father's character- 
istics. "Weak in face and figure, quiet 
to the point of inferiority, he sim- 
ply followed where his father led and 
echoed all his sentiments, and replied 
in monosyllables to all your questions. 
Yet, while less interesting than his 
father, there was a quiet something 
that belied the weakness of his face 
and gave evidence of reserve strength. 
Xor could one fail to note the tender- 
ness of affection with which each re- 
garded the other. 

'•'Frank will be in presently/' said 
his father, as he entered the cheery 
dining-room and stood warming him- 
self in the light of the blazing hearth. 
"He's quite an old maid about ad- 
justing the contents of that knap-sack 
and getting acquainted with his new 
surroundings. I'll wager, though, he 
could lay his hand on any article 
wanted at a minute's notice." Just- 
then Frank entered with a face that 
bore evidence to a good scrub and 
neatly brushed hair, and together they 
sat down to their supper of smoking 
venison, roasted potatoes, hot bis- 
cuit, and maple sirup. 

"One doesn't need a tramp trip to 
give him an appetite for a supper like 
this," said Mr. Ingleside. Frank 
characteristicly said nothing, but bus- 
ied himself assiduously in appeasing 
his hunger. 

After the evening meal was ended 



they sat before the open fire with 
maps and guide books planning the 
rest of the trip while the other board- 
ers regaled them with stories of ad- 
venture and tragedy, having for their 
setting the background of the White 
Hills. 

"Let's see — From Boston to Port- 
land, from Portland to Gorham, 
thence on to Randolph, etc., — Ah! 
Back through the Crawford! I have 
it all planned," said Frank handing a 
slip of paper to his father. "Yes, 
that suits me very well." "Have 
you mended that gap in my snow- 
shoes? Good! We'll have some hot 
soup in that thermos bottle and it- 
will last a long time. Any wildcats in 
Tuckerman's Ravine?" This laugh- 
ingly to the man who was just 
finishing the bear story. "No jok- 
ing, stranger," said the man in ques- 
tion, "You are likely to find one this 
season of the year out looking for 
something to eat. They're danger- 
ous, too, when they're hungry." 

"Ah well, I 'have a trusty flintlock! 
Xow for a night's sleep." 

Early in the following morning the 
two men set off for their long tramp, 
the knap-sack slung across the back 
of each by turns. The weather could 
hardly have been more favorable, keen 
and frosty enough to impart a health- 
ful glow, sunshiny and bright over- 
head, just enough crust to make easy 
walking. With long easy strides they 
walked on in silence, pausing now and 
then to snap their kodak on an es- 
pecially lovely bit of mountain scen- 
ery. At noon they halted in the 
shelter of a clump of firs for refresh- 
ments and night found them at the 
hut of the Appalachian Club on 
Mount Madison. They entered, and, 
exhausted by the day's tramp, soon 
fell into refreshing slumber. 

At midnight Frank was awakened 
by a peculiar sound and after listen- 



342 



The Granite Monthly 



ing a few moments, awoke his father, 
also. 

"Father, I thought — I know — I 
heard a scream ; it sounded like a wo- 
man's voice!" 

"Pshaw — go to sleep. You've had 
a nightmare." 

"But father — there! Listen! I hear 
it again." 

"Pon my word, I did hear some- 
thing." And Air. Ingleside rose upon 
his elbow and listened. 

In another second he bounded out 
of the bunk, hastily dressed, and 
seizing his rifle and a lantern, started 
for the door. "It sounds more like 
the howl of an animal to me," he 
muttered. 

"Hush, father go slow, don't do 
anything rash, wait a minute, I'm 
coming. Here, leave that lantern 
and follow me with this flashlight — 
down there by the bushes — oh!" 

He stopped short, while a sound, 
half human, half animal, rent the air. 

"Can't be a wolf, can it?" said Mr. 
Ingleside. 

"No, no, that isn't the cry of a wolf, 
its — say, father, you don't suppose its 
a wildcat, do you? " 

"By gad, its a woman. Hurrv, 
Frank." 

"Nonsense father, are you crazed? 
how would a woman get up on this 
mountain at midnight in the dead of 
winter? Wake up! You're not in 
Boston. This isn't Ladies' Night at 
the club, but — well I guess its- wild- 
cat night at the Appalachian Club in 
the heart of the White Mountains. 
Did you hear that? By the way. isn't 
there a mountain in this region called 
Wildcat Mountain?" 

" Don't stop to fire geography ques- 
tions at me — your flashlight — over 
there by the ledge!" 

"Here she goes! By the shades of 
the great Theocritus!" 

Something they saw caused each 
man to stand as if rooted to the spot 
and a shiver caused not by the cold 
or mountain blast passed through 
their frames. As if by common im- 
pulse each turned a questioning glance 



into the other's eye and then without 
speaking again, as if by common im- 
pulse, they made a dash in the direc- 
tion of the flashlight. 

On they sped in silence grim and 
foreboding — once and again a ball 
of light would pierce the utter black- 
ness — once only did Air. Ingleside 
pause to examine his gun, and Frank 
stooped to dislodge from the ice two 
rocks with jagged edges. The strange 
cry had ceased and only for the tense, 
drawn expression on the two faces one 
might have thought there was nothing 
to fear. 

"We must be within a few yards of 
the ledge," said Frank, his voice 
tremulous with feeling. "Oh, father! 
Oh!" 

Just then a sound that seemed 
more terrible than any they had yet 
heard, a half human cry that savored 
of entreaty, fear, and wild despair 
mingled with animal-like savageness, 
rose upon the air. With faces white 
as the snow on which they trod the 
two men plunged on. Suddenly they 
stopped on a rise of ground that over- 
looked a deep ravine. 

No need of the flashlight now, for 
out of the clouds that opened as if by 
magic streamed the moon's radiance. 
A strange picture presented itself. 
The gleaming whiteness beneath, the 
dark forms silhouetted on the hill, the 
ghostly ravine where two snarling 
animals faced each other, beyond the 
ravine a ledge, on the crest of the 
ledge — yes, a woman ! 

Crack! One of the wildcats lay 
lifeless in the valley. The other with 
a maddening cry sprang up the hill- 
side. The woman on the ledge stood 
erect and motionless as if watch- 
ing the graceful panther-like tread. 
Legend says that if once the wildcat 
captures the eye of its would-be des- 
troyer, it holds him enthralled as if by 
a wondrous magic charm and paral- 
yzes the will. It almost seemed as if 
the story were to be verified in this 
instance, for both figures on the 
hillside stood as if petrified. Now 
bounding along, now creeping on- 



A Wildcat Story 



343 



ward came the creature until within a 
few feet of our friends it paused and 
with a strange purring sound crouched 
low in the snow, its open, panting jaws 
in full range of Mr. Ingleside. 

"Npj you don't/' said that gentle- 
man, as if suddenly aroused to life, 
and crack! went a shot straight into 
the open jaws. Infuriated beyond 
measure, the animal made the final 
spring and fastened its forepaws 
around Mr. Ingleside's waist in a 
deathlike hug. Soon both were rol- 
ling in the snow made horribly red 
with blood from the wildcat's dripping 
jaws. A desperate struggle ensued. 
Frank seemed to have lost all power 
to move. No sound broke the still- 
ness except the heavy panting of the 
contestants. Suddenly Frank hurled 
one of the sharp-edged rocks in a 
blind fashion toward the tumbling 
mass. The only effect was to dis- 
lodge the rifle from his father's hands. 
Frightened into steadier aim he hurled 
with all his force the remaining weap- 
on of defence. This cut into the 
animal's hide and with a terrific howl 
of pain and rage it turned upon 
Frank who dodged the spring just in 
time. Again and yet again with the 
same result. But Frank was becom- 
ing exhausted and the most skillful 
dodging would not avail in that third 
leap. 

Mr. Ingleside, stiffened and sore, 
had arisen to his feet and now seizing 
the rifle made his way slowly toward 
the wildcat, who, crouching low pre- 
pared for the fatal leap. But a numb- 
ness was creeping into the fore feet 
and shoulders and a great weakness 
showed itself in a shiver that passed 
through the whole body. The short. 
the terrible struggle, the intense cold 
were doing their work and, crash, 
it needed only that blow of the rifle 
to complete it. With a low moan 
the creature surrendered its life and 
the rifle, also, had done its last work 
as it lay in two pieces on the snow. 

For fully five minutes Frank and 
his father sat motionless looking at 
the handsome thing at their feet, then 



Frank went towards it as if moved by 
an irresistible impulse, and began 
stroking his side, "Poor creature! 
You made a brave fight," he said. 
His father laughed uneasily and then 
■ — "By Jove, Frank — the woman, — 
what in the deuce and how." 

"I don't know, but it's up to us to 
see/' said Frank and they made their 
way to the ledge. 

When they at length arrived, the 
woman was no longer erect, but sat 
huddled on the rock in a half -frozen, 
disconsolate heap, while a big St. Ber- 
nard dog fretted at its chains which 
were fastened securely to a bolt driven 
into the solid rock. 

Her story was soon told. 

A party of six had set out to cross 
the range including herself, her hus- 
band and brother and dog. She 
was a lover of botany and had lin- 
gered behind the others to gather 
rare specimens of mountain lichen. 
When her brother and her husband 
found the others had lost them, they 
told her to wait on the ledge while 
they found the others and left the 
dog with her for protection. As 
night came on they failed to appear 
but not so the wildcats, who had 
frightened her, she said, trying to 
laugh through her tears, out of a 
year's growth. The dog had howled, 
she had tugged in vain at the chains, 
the wildcats had snarled, and she had 
shrieked. The combination of sounds 
had drawn Frank and his father 
thither. Then she began to sob as 
she feared she knew not what for her 
father and brother — yes, and the 
rest of the party. 

Frank and his father looked puz- 
zled, "The hut is the only solution 
I can see," said Mr. Ingleside. "We 
can't leave her here to freeze." 

"I think I can manage the dog's 
chains/* said Frank, "and we shall 
have to take the path around this 
side of the ledge." 

It was four o'clock in the morning 
when they drew near the hut. They 
were surprised to see smoke curling 
from the chimney. The St. Bernard 



344 



The Granite Monthly 



with sudden bound pulled the chain 
from Frank's h:md and. barking gaily, 
ran to the door. A moment later 
he returned and with him the stal- 
wart forms of two men. ''Father, 
brother" "Lucy" all in one breath. 
"And oh, here are Emma and Sue 
and Dick. But how — I don't under- 
stand — I" — Lucy had fainted. 

The sequel is not hard to guess. 
At the early breakfast they told how 
Emma and Dick and Sue had arrived 
at the hut. It must have been just 
after Frank and his father left the 
place. They had taken the wrong 
path and that accounted for the late- 
ness of the hour. Seeing the hut had 
been occupied, they imagined the rest 



of the party were here and had stepped 
out to get some moonlight pictures. 
So, completely wearied by their long 
tramp, they slept soundly and had 
heard nothing till the barking of the 
dog aroused them. 

Lucy's husband and brother, how- 
ever, had slept not at all. They had 
heard the howling of the animals and 
had started back to rescue Lucy. By 
some awful blunder they had missed 
their way and by a circuitous route 
stumbled upon the hut at daybreak, 
while thinking they were going toward 
the ledge. 

''All roads lead to Rome'' in Italy. 
All roads lead to the hut in the moun- 
tains of Xew Hampshire. 



A BUTTERCUP IDYL 

By L. Adelaide Sherman 

On a sea of buttercups, golden-bright, 

I am drifting on to my heart's delight, 

Where daisies scattered far and free 

Are the tossing foam of this yellow sea, 

And my light dream-shallop rocks and swings, 

With its vision-sails like fairy wings. 



The apple orchards are islands; these 
Are fairer than famed Hespirides; 
Yet pause I not. but sail away 
To the open, shining gates of day, 
Where the rising sun has lightly spread 
Her scarf of amber and gold and red. 

I know if I pass through that wide-flung door 
That I and my boat return no more; 
For the rainbow land that beckons me 
Is the other shore of a soundless sea; 
So over this trembling pathway 1 right 
I am sailing back to my heart's delight. 
Contoocook, X. H. 



34 b 



OLD DAYS AT LAKE WIXXIPESAUKEE 

By Bertha Greene 



Winnipesaukee, the largest lake in 
New Hampshire, is four hundred and 
seventy-two feet above sea level, and 
its waters cover an area of about 
seventy square miles, being in places 
two hundred feet deep; dotted with 
islands to the number of three hun- 
dred. The broken shore line is 
about one hundred and eighty-two 
miles around the lake. Eight Xew 
Hampshire towns lie along those 
shores; eight mountain peaks are to 
be seen from the center of its waters, 
Mount Washington, the loftiest peak 
of the White Mountain range, .being 
one of these. 

One summer day I sailed over this 
lake called "Smile of the Great 
Spirit." No fairer sheet of water has 
it been my lot to view, from all 
points; along the indented shore, 
across the broad reaches, or from 
the lake side of the attractive towns, 
along its banks. 

The mountains blend with a deeper hue, 
In variable shades to the azure blue. 
I drifted and dreamed with half-shut eyes, 
Till the sun hung low, in the cloudless skies: 

while my mind swung back to the time 
when this wild and beautiful mountain 
and lake region was inhabited by the 
red-man. Long before the pale-face 
crossed the Great-Water it was their 
fishing-ground for years. 

Here it was the Indian, his natural shelter 
found : 
Here he cut his bow and arrow: carved and 
shaped them for the fray, 
Brought his squaw and built his wigwam, 
Fished and drifted, through the season: till 
came winter on its way. 
* 

After the advent of the white man, 
these waters have carried the dusky 
savage in his bark canoe, and reflected 
from its surface, skulking bands at 
midnight, stealing down to the settle- 
ments toward the south, where from 
the inhabitants of those plantations 
along the rivers and bays, did the 



savage take toll of the people. There 
in great numbers did they suffer tor- 
ture, captivity, and death. The set- 
tlers, living as they did along the 
sea-shore, and the banks of its tribu- 
tary rivers, were in no position to 
contend against an enemy whose 
strong-hold was in a wilderness of 
danger: but many brave men have 
followed them, through its wild and 
hidden paths in summer, and when 
the wind howled across the lake in 
mid-winter, many times their only 
means of progress through drifting 
winter storms being snow-shoes. The 
camp-fires of peace, and of war. have 
burned on the surrounding mountain 
tops. These old hills have heard the 
savage war-cry, borne on the breeze 
across the lake, and echoing from hill 
to hill. 

When the earliest settlers of New 
England landed on our wild and rock- 
ribbed shores, this region was, in 
springtime, the meeting place of a 
number of different tribes of Indians. 
This lake was the great breeding 
ground of the shad fish; it was here 
they deposited their eggs, and so they 
multiplied, the Indians curing enough 
to last the long winter through. They 
built weirs, which were young trees 
driven into the mud, and interwoven 
with grasses and the willow. At the 
west side of the lake is the village of 
Weirs. It was there a fish weir stood, 
built of stone. It is said to have been 
there hundreds of years. By whom 
built is not known, or how many 
races of men it had helped to provide 
with fish. 

A band of Indians, composed of a 
number of different tribes, controlled 
these fishing grounds, having as their 
chief Passaconaway, who was called 
"The Statesman Sagamore/' They 
united against their mutual enemy, 
the Mohawks, in defence of this fishing 
ground, being known as the Penacook 



His cover a coat of the buck-deer skin, 
And his weapons of war were put therein. 



346 The Granite Monthly 

Nation. In the spring, when the shad Hero lies a brave chief in his lonely grave, 

were running, Passaeomaway sent for : ^ death dirge, a chantey the breaking wave, 

all the tribes belonging to this nation, 

the old chieftain being there in full 

trappings. They came, the Aga warns So this day I idly sailed and drifted, 

from the south; the Ossipees from over one of Nature's beauty spots, 

their mountain top, overlooking the with a feeling that our ancestors, 

lake on the east: the Androseoggins ,-, ,. , ., , . . , .. . x . 

r ,, • i . • JLven through tiie work and hardship; with 

from the river region in what is now the fear that thev eiidure d, 

Maine; bringing with them their They lived then as we are living; life and love 

squaws, medicine-men, prophets, their with love assured. 

paraphernalia of battle, and the For our hfe is what we make it, children of 

s v TT , ,, ! the sons of men; 

dance. Here the summer through Lovm g. ^ hmg) laughing, crying, even now as 

they lived, and some died. it was then. 



SUNSET OX THE CONNECTICUT 

By Edith M. Child 

Day's rush and action are over; 

The silence of evening falls, 
And to our weary spirits 

The glory of sunset calls 
To the brink of a westerning hillslope, 

'Neath which the river flows, 
And beyond, the grandeur of mountains, 

Flanked by dying day's orange and rose. 

Below, calm and deep winds the river; 

Scarce a ripple it's surface feels, 
And the shadow gloomily deepening 

Solemnly farther steals. 
The wondrous beauty of sky and water 

Enchanted the'eye to behold; 
No marvel is it the river 

Should it close to her breast enfold. 

It seems the mysterious glory 

Is more than one's soul can bear, 
When into the shadow-edged mirror 

Are cast the moon and a star. 
Mountain-top o'erhung by the crescent 

Met mountain-top and star at its feet. 
Both bathing in a pool of opal 

As sky-tints the river's length greet. 

Too soon does the vision vanish. 

Softly sinking into night's mystic shade. 
E'en our gaze of awe cannot stay it, 

The rich hues reluctantly fade. 
O, heart, imprison the beauty — 

Let the morrow's tasks lighter seem 
For this pageant of the sunset. 

This touch of a heavenly gleam. 
Hanover, N '. H. 



3V7 



NEW HAMPSHIRE NECROLOGY 



HON. GEORGE F. TINKER 

Hon. George F. Tinker, ex-mayor of New 
London, Conn., died at his home in that city, 
May 4, 1915. 

Mr. Tinker was a native of the town of 
Mariow, born February 13, 1834. son of 
Nathan and Mary Ann (Stone) Tinker. He 
received an academical education, taught 
school for some time, and in 1S55 removed 
with his father to New London and engaged 
with him in the meat business, continuing 
the same after his father's death for many 
years. He was also extensively engaged in 
the manufacture of brooms. 

He was a Republican in politics, casting 
his first vote for John C. Fremont for presi- 
dent. He served several years in each branch 
of the New London City government and 
was chosen Mayor in 1888. He also served 
as a member of the legislature and upon the 
commission which erected the new Connecti- 
cut State Capitol at Hartford. In religion 
he was a Congregationalist. being a prominent 
member of the First Church of New London, 
and for thirty years superintendent of the 
Sunday School. He was deeply interested 
in benevolent and charitable work, and is 
reputed to have given more for worthy causes, 
in proportion to his means, than any other 
man in New London. He married Augusta 
R. Coombs of Winchester, N. H., who sur- 
vives, with one son, Rev. C. Perley Tinker of 
New York, and one daughter, Mrs. C. E. 
Stone of St. Paul, Minn. 

BENJAMIN F. DUTTON 

Benjamin F. Dutton, president and one' of 
the founders of the well-known Houghton & 
Dutton Company, of Bc-ton, died at his 
home in Maiden, 'Mass., June 2, 1915. 

Mr. Dutton was born in Hillsborough, 
N. H.j October 11. 1831, son of Ephraim and 
Phebe (Wilson) Dutton. He was educated 
in the town schools and at Norwich, Vt., and, 
in 1851, opened a commercial school in Alex- 
andria, Va., where he was successful for a 
time, but was called home by his father's ill 
health, and engaged in the . management of 
the store in Hillsborough, owned by the latter. 
In 1859 he went to Boston with the late 
John B. Smith, where they opened a small 
wares and millinery jobbing house on Devon- 
shire Street. Mr. Smith soon retired to enter 
manufacturing, and one Wyman became a 
partner in the concern. Subsequently he 
had other partners, till, in 1874, he united 
with Samuel S. Houghton in the firm of 
Hougljton & Dutton, whose remarkable suc- 
cess in business has had few parallels in the 
mercantile history of New England. This 
firm is reputed to have been the first in the 
country to employ women behind the counter. 

Mr. Dutton had a magnificent estate in 



Maiden, embracing seventy-five acres, known 
as "Glen Rock." which was adorned by every 
device of the landscape gardener's art. and 
in which he took great pride, as he did in his 
large stable of fine horses. He was a Demo- 
crat in politics, has first vote beincr cast for 
Franklin Pierce, also a native of Hillsborough, 
for president. In religion he was a Congre- 
gationalist. He was prominent in Masonry 
and a member of De Molav Comma nderv, 
K. T. of Boston. 

Mr. Dutton was twice married. His first 
wife was Harriet Hatch of Hillsborough, and 
his second, who survives him, Harriet M. 
Conant. He leaves seven children, two sons 
and five daughters. Harry Dutton of Mai- 
den is first vice-president, and George C. 
Dutton, also of Maiden, is second vice-presi- 
dent of Houghton k Dutton Company. The 
daughters are Mrs. J. B. Claus of Maiden, 
Mrs. B. D. Peaslee, of Hillsborough, N. EL, 
Mrs. Alfred Lounsbury of Washington, 
D. C, Mrs. Alexander MacGregor of Maiden, 
whose husband is treasurer of Houghton & 
Dutton Company and Mrs. L. C. Jones of 
Falmouth, Mass. 

HON. GEORGE H. STOWELL 
Lion. George H. Stowell, born in Cornish, 
October 28, 1835, died in Claremont, May 
19, 1915. 

Mr. Stowell was the son of Amasa and 
Betsey (Spaulding) Stowell. He located in 
Claremont in early life, where he was long 
and successfully engaged in the hardware 
business, and later, in manufacturing, and 
amassed a handsome fortune. He was also 
prominent in public life. A comprehensive 
biographical notice of Mr. Stowell appeared 
in the November-December number of the 
Granite Monthly last year. He married, 
Dpcfmber 25. 1857, Sarah G. Field of Chester, 
Vt., who died in 1908, their only daughter 
having previously deceased. 

Mr. Stowell left the main portion of his 
large estate, estimated at about a quarter 
of a million dollars, for a hospital in Clare- 
mont, though he made several other bequests, 
including 810,000 as an endowment for the 
Stowell Free Library in Cornish, which he 
gave his native town a few years since, and 
§5,000 for the Universalist church of Clare- 
mont . 

COL. ALBERT H. HOYT 
Albert Harrison Hoyt, for nearly forty 
years past a clerk in the United States Sub- 
Treasury at Boston, died of heart failure, 
June 10, 1915. 

He was a native of Sandwich, N. EL, born 
December 6 7 1820. He was educated at 
Wesleyan University, and received the degree 
of A . M . from Dartmouth College La 1878. He 



348 



the Granite Monthly 



served as commissioner of Common schools 
for Rockingham County in 1S52-3, was 
admitted to the bar in 1855, and practised at 
Portsmouth from 1S57 to 1861, serving as 
city solicitor in 1S57-9, At the outbreak of 
the Civil War he was appointed a paymaster 
in the army, served throughout the contest, 
and was brevetted colonel. 

In Boston, Colonel Hoyt was for many 
years actively connected with the New Eng- 
land Historic Genealogical Society. He was 
an Episcopalian and a communicant of St. 
Paul's Cathedral. He married in i860 Sarah 
F. Green, of Elizabeth, New Jersey, who 
died in June, 1893. They had one son, who 
died in infancy. 

HON. WILLIAM P. CHAMBERLAIN 

William Perry Chamberlain, born in Swan- 
zev, June 2, 1833, died at his home in Keene, 
June 9, 1915. 

He was a son of John and Sylvia (Perry) 
Chamberlain, and was educated in the public 
schools and Keene Academy. In early life 
he was deeply interested in music, and was a 
member of a musical company organized by 
the famous Ossian E. Dodge, in which he 
was first tenor. While with this company 
he composed the patriotic song ''Hurrah 



for Old New England." Later he organized 
the Chamberlain Concert Company, which 
he managed for several years, but retired 
from the musical held in IS61 and engaged 
in mercantile business, first in Felchville, 
Yt., but removed to Keene in 1869, where he 
was in the shoe trade for a time, but later 
engaged in the dry goods business, in which 
he was very successful. For more than 
twenty years past, his son-in-law, Frank 
Huntress, has been his partner in a chain of 
stores known as the Chamberlain syndicate, 
in New Hampshire, Vermont and Massa- 
chusetts. 

Mr. Chamberlain was a Republican in 
politics and active in public life. He served 
in the Keene city council, in the legislature 
in 1S7S-9 and in the State Senate in 1885-6. 
He was a special railroad commissioner several 
years,, long president of the trustees of the 
Keene public library, a Congregationalism 
and prominent in Masonry. 

January 8, 1857, Mr. Chamberlain mar- 
ried Harriet Elizabeth Person, who died 
August 17, 1S95, leaving-one daughter, Berdia 
Alice, wife of Hon. Frank Huntress of Keene. 
Another daughter died in infancy. He was 
again married March 16, 1S97, to Ellen M. 
At wood, who survives him. 



EDITOR AND PUBLISHER'S NOTES 



The next important town anniversary cele- 
bration to be held in the state, so far as known, 
is the one hundred and fiftieth anniversary 
celebration of the town of Hopkinton. The 
town was incorporated one hundred and fifty 
years ago, on the 10th of January, last, but it 
was deemed advisable to defer the celebration 
till the summer season, with a view to a gen- 
eral reunion, on that occasion, of the sons and 
daughters of the old town, of whom there are a 
goodly number in all parts of the country. It 
has, accordingly, been determined to cele- 
brate on Sundry and Monday, August 29 and 
30, immediately following Old Home Week, 
the union religious service occurring on Sun- 
day evening, and the celebration proper on 
Monday, both services being held at Hopkin- 
ton Village. It is understood that the Rev. 
Charles E. Harrington, at one time pastor of 
the South Congregational Church, Concord, 
and now engaged in educational work in the 
South, who is a native of the town, will give 
the principal address. 



have fallen into hue and are arranging for 
fitting observance of this now widely popular 
institution. 



Reports thus far received indicate no re- 
laxation of interest in Old Home Week, 
which occurs this year August 21 to 2'8 in- 
clusive, the third Saturday in August occur- 
ring on the first mentioned date. While some 
towns holding observances last year will not 
do so this, others not heretofore celebrating 



The annual summer outing of the New 
Hampshire Board of Trade will be held 
this year on Thursday, July 29, the town of 
Jaftrev, in the grand Monadnock region, being 
the objective point, which will be reached, 
generally, by auto, from the central, south- 
ern and western parts of the state. A public 
meeting will be held in the afternoon, which 
will be addressed, it is expected, by ex-Public 
Service Commissioner Benton, Commissioner 
of Agriculture Felker, Senator Hollis and Con- 
gressman Wason. 



The Governor and Council have ap- 
pointed William T. Gunnison of Rochester, 
law partner of ex-Governor Felker, a member 
of the Public Service Commission, to succeed 
John E. Benton of Keene, term expired. 
The Governor desired Mr. Benton's reap- 
pointment, but the Council refused confirma- 
tion Confirmation was also refused m the 
case- of Edmund Sullivan, of the old license 
commission, whom the Governor desired as a 
member of the new excise board. Robert 
t Jackson of Concord was, therefore, named as 
the minority member, along with H. W. Keyes 
of Haverhill and Frank W. Ordway of Milford. 






3STm* Series, '. ', . 






JDL v .--.:■, •",; .U ^ J .... ....... 



•II 



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A New H. 

'to History I y, Liter* -. ,e Progre 



GONTE! . FOR AUGUST m 



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Hopkinton Analt &rs&ry — Historical Address. With Frontasphee. , S49 

By Res . C, E. Harrington, D.E f 

1 

Abigail and Her jtvos^s . ."■'■". . . . * . * SS9 j | 

The Portsmouth '« War Joam&I" . . -. * . .393 i 

By Wallace Hacfcett. 

^«w Msmpslure Sfocrolc ''« . * 3t5 § '. 



By Asnie Folsoro Qough. 



Poems 

By Harold I . Ransooi, Raymond H. &«, O,o?g>9 Rogsra Wan?n, Bala Caapin, 

B ■■'■:. B. ' ; .;■ 



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i 1 



:w*m,- 



/"t v . .'■'-.'.■ ■ . ■- , -■ Ml - ii •- r-v-^,. 

Issued by The Granite i ily Company | 

HENRY H. METCALF, Editor and Manager 



'<■■ advance c ••, ii not paid ip advice. Sic^e copies, 15 seats I 

CONCC , H". H M 1915 



Entered a) aae p< 



."■;.. •:••;.- ■< uJi.\- i- .tvser. 



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COMMODORE GEORGE H. PERKINS 
As a Young Naval Officer 



34? 



The Granite Monthly 



Vol. XLVII, No. S 



AUGUST, 1915 



New Series, Vol. 10, No. S 



HOPKINTON CELEBRATION 

The Old Town Observes its One Hundred and Fiftieth 

Anniversary 



Prominent among the several New 
Hampshire towns combining their Old 
Home Day observance, this year, 
with their one hundred and fiftieth an- 
niversary celebration, is the good old 
Merrimack County town of Hopkin- 
ton, once the rival of Concord in bus- 
iness importance, as well as in the 
candidacy for the location of the 
state capital, in which latter it might 
have been successful, as is reputed, 
had one of its own citizens been faith- 
ful to its interests. However, it 
remains a goodly town; is peopled by 
loyal, enterprising citizens, all the 
year round, and is the summer home 
of many more who find, in its healthy 
atmosphere and amid its beautiful 
scenery, an ideal vacation resort. 

Hopkinton was originally granted 
"by the provincial legislature of Massa- 
chusetts, January 16, 1735, being 
Number 5 in a "line of towns" laid 
out between the Merrimack and 
Connecticut rivers. The proprietors 
were mostly citizens of Hopkinton, 
Mass., and the grant was subsequently 
called "New Hopkinton," till its 
incorporation by the legislature of 
New Hampshire, January 11, 1765, as 
Hopkinton. Just when or by whom 
the first settlement was made is not 
definitely determinable, but tradition 
has it that one Joseph Potter was the 
first actual settler, locating here early 
in 1737. . The first meeting of the 
proprietors, held in the township, 
occurred October 19, 1738, at the 
house of Henry Mellen, Joseph 
Haven being moderator, and Henry 

Jf¥f 



Mellen, clerk, who was also made 
chairman of a committee to lay out 
highways, among those ordered being 
one from Rumford (Concord) line to 
the ''meeting house spot" (no church 
had been built, but a site had been 
located) and another to the Contoo- 
cook river, "on the west side of the 
meeting-house hill." 

The settlement proceeded with 
reasonable rapidity, so that, in less 
than forty years, in 1775, there were 
1.0S5 inhabitants in the town, most 
of whom were, of course, engaged in 
agriculture, though in later years the 
excellent water-power at Contoocook 
and West Hopkinton was developed, 
and various manufacturing enter- 
prises engaged in, especially after the 
advent of the railroad, in 1850. 

Hopkinton has, in fact, always been 
regarded as one of the best agricul- 
tural towns in the state. The soil is 
generally strong and productive, and 
though the surface is uneven, most of 
the land is susceptible of cultivation. 
Some of the most successful and best 
known farmers of the state have been 
Hopkinton men, the late Joseph 
Barnard and James M. Connor being 
notable examples. Stock-breeding, 
dairying and fruit-growing have been 
leading specialties, and the two latter 
are vet extensivelv pursued. George 
M. Putnam's "Mfc. Putney Dairy/' 
for instance, has a wide reputation, 
and Robert T. Gould, of u Gould Hill 
Farm," although not confined to that 
branch, has been especially successful 
as a fruit-grower. Mr. Gould, by the 



150 



The Granite Monthly 



way, is a descendant. In the fifth gen- 
eration, from Joseph Gould of Hop- 
kinton, Mass., one of the original pro- 
prietors, whose five sons settled in this 
town. Of these Gideon, the eldest, 
settled on Beech Hill. Among his 
descendants are Alfred J. Gould of 
Newport, and the editor of the Gran- 
ite Monthly. Moses located on 
Gould Hill, and from him Robert T. 
descended, through Moses. Jr., and 
Captain Chai les. Frank Cressy , presi- 
dent of the Concord Board of Trade is 
also a descendant of Moses; while 



Mention of Daniel Webster sug- 
gests the fact that many lawyers of 
prominence have been Hopkinton 
men. The town was once included in 
Hillsborough County, and was for 
many years a shire town jointly with 
Amherst, which made it a desirable- 
location for members of the legal pro- 
fession. Baruch Chase. John- Harris, 
Matthew Harvey and Horace Chase, 
all eminent in their profession, were 
Hopkinton lawyers, though none of 
them natives of the town. John 
Harris was much in public life; was 



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Early Home of Grace Fletcher 



Edna Dean Proctor, the poetess, is a 
great-granddaughter of Elias, another 
of the Gould brothers. 

No church was erected in Hopkin- 
ton till 176G, although the first min- 
ister, Rev. James Scales, was settled 
in 1757. Rev. Elijah Fletcher, father 
of Grace Fletcher who was the wife of 
Daniel Webster, was the minister from 
1773 till 178G. The house in which he 
dwelt, and in which his daughter was 
born (January 10, 1782), is still stand- 
ing, but the old church, which was 
standing in a dilapidated condition a 
few years since, has disappeared. 



solicitor for Hillsborough County, 
Judge of Probate for both Hills- 
borough and Merrimack, and an 
Associate Justice of the Supreme 
Court of New Hampshire. Matthew 
Harvey, a native of Sutton, who spent 
most of his professional life in Hop- 
kinton, was a Representative in Con- 
gress, governor of the state, and Judge 
of the United States District Court. 
Horace Chase, a native of Unity, who 
studied with Matthew Harvey, and 
practiced in Hopkinton many years, 
held many town offices, and was 
Judge of Probate many years, and 



HapkintQU Cckbrailon 



35: 



compiled and published the Probate 
Directory. He was particularly ac- 
tive and eminent in Free Masonry, 
Hamilton E. Perkins, though exten- 
sively engaged in other business, was 
an able lawyer in practice for several 
years, but was finally made Judge of 
Probate and removed to Concord, as 
did Judges Harvey and Chase. Most 
prominent among the later lawyers 
of the town, was Herman W. Greene, 
a native of Hopkinton, son of Her- 
man H. Green, who practiced for 
some years in Boston, but finally 



and Concord, was Judge of Probate 
for Merrimack County and postmas- 
ter of Concord; Clinton W. Stanley of 
Manchester, long eminent in practice 
and an Associate Justice of the 
Supreme Court, Alpheus R. Brown, 
long a distinguished member of the 
Massachusetts bar, residing in Lowell 
and Somerville, and Moses T. Clough 
of Troy, X. Y. 

Many prominent clergymen have 
been born in Hopkinton, perhaps the 
most distinguished having been the 
Rt. Rev. Carlton Chase, long bishop 









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House Built by Gideon Gould Before the Revolution, on Beech Hill 



located in his native town. He served 
in the legislature, was for five years 
solicitor of Merrimack county, and 
held various town offices. He was a. 
vigorous speaker, and often heard on 
the stump. He was twice married, 
his first wife being Frances Adaline 
Willard, who died leaving one son — 
Willard , T. Subsequently he mar- 
ried Anstis Irene Clark, by whom he 
is survived, his death occurring March 
1/1896. 

Among lawyers born in Hopkinton 
and practicing elsewhere, were War- 
ren Clark, who practiced in Henniker 



of the kijjps^pal diocese of New 
Hampshire, born January 20, 1794, 
son of Charles and Sarah (Currier) 
Chase. Others of distinction include 
Rev. Franklin W. Fisk, an eminent 
clergyman and instructor, who be- 
came president of the Chicago Theo- 
logical Seminary, in 1887; Rev. Horace 
F. Brown, at one time president of the 
New Hampshire Conference of Bap- 
tist Ministers; Rev. Clarion H. Kirn- 
ball, and Rev. Charles E. Harrington, 
D. D. ; the historian of the day for 
the one hundred and fiftieth anni- 
versarv celebration. 



352 



The Granite Monthly 



Hopkinton's first physician was 
•John Clement who located on Putney's 
Hill, and gained a wide practice and 
much popularity. He was followed 
by a line of worthy successors, too 
numerous to mention, the oldest 
resident physician now being Dr. 
George C. Blaisdell of Contoocook. 
Many sons of Hopkinton abroad, have 
been or are engaged in the medical 
profession, the most noted of all, 
perhaps, having been the late Dr. 
Charles P. Gage, long a leading phy- 
sician of Concord. 

Hopkinton has always ranked high 
from an educational point of view. 
It was in Hopkinton Milage that 



patronage, but was finally succeeded 
by a town high school, located in that 
village. 

Hopkinton has had its full share 
of influence in public affairs, and 
been creditably represented in all 
branches of the state government. 
It has had but one governor — Mat- 
thew Harvey — but another came of 
Hopkinton stock, Anthony Colby of 
New London, whose grandfather, of 
the same name, was one of the early 
settlers of the town. It has had 
several representatives in the Execu- 
tive Council, three at least serving 
inside of a single quarter of a century — 
Edward D. Burnham, Grosvernor A. 






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View of Kearsarge Mountain from Gould Hill 



Master John O. Ballard kept his 
famous private school, at which a 
large number of men who afterward 
became successful in life received in- 
struction, the school continuing for 
some thirty years from 1816. Hop- 
kinton Academy, established in 1827, 
continued for nearly half a century 
with varying degrees of success, and 
ranked at one time among the best 
secondary schools in the state, having 
more than one hundred and fifty 
pupils. The late Prof. Dyer H. 
Sanborn, one of the most famous 
educators of the state, was its princi- 
pal for a number of years. In 1856 
an academy was established in the 
village of Contoocook, and had for a 
number of years, a very considerable 



Curtice and Walter S. Davis; while 
no less than ten of its citizens have 
served in the State Senate — Joshua 
Bailey, Thomas W. Colby, Matthew 
Harvey, Bodwell Emerson, Nathaniel 
Knowlton, Abram Brown, John Burn- 
ham, Walter L. Davis, Arthur J. 
Boutwell. and William A. Danforth, 
the present incumbent. Its repre- 
sentation in the House of Represen- 
tatives lias generally been able and 
at times most influential, especially in 
the earlier days. Matthew Harvey 
was Speaker of that body in 1818-20. 
Accustomed to the bearing and 
use of arms during the early years of 
the settlement, of necessity, for de- 
fence against the savages who made 
several attacks upon them before the 



Hopk in to n Celehra t ion 



353 



Revolution, killing some and taking 
others captive, the men of Hopkinton 
have done more than their full part 
in every emergency when military 
service has been required by the 
country. Twenty-seven Hopkinton 
soldiers fought at Bunker Hill, and 
more than a hundred, altogether, were 
actively in the service, at one time or 
another, during the Revolution. The 
patriotism of the town was fully 
demonstrated by the fact that 161 
of its male citizens over 21 years of 
age were signers of the famous " Asso- 



CoMMODORE Pe RKI XS 

The most distinguished son of Hop- 
kinton unquestionably, was that gal- 
lant officer of the United States Navy, 
Commodore George Hamilton Per- 
kins, son of Judge Hamilton Eliot 
and Clara Bart let t (George) Perkins, 
born October 20, 1836. "His father 
was a native of Hopkinton, a promi- 
nent lawyer and man of affairs, resid- 
ing many years at Contoocook where 
he had a fine old homestead and one 
of the best farms in the county. 

Young George H. received his pre- 



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Birthplace of Commodore George H. Perkins, Contoocook 



ciation Test.'' Few towns in th a 
state had as many men enrolled in the 
service in the War of 1812, as did 
Hopkinton, and the response to the 
call for defenders of the Union, in 
1861-5, was no less hearty and spon- 
taneous. It may properly be said, 
moreover, thot no two New Hamp- 
shire men rendered more signal and 
efficient service in the Civil War 
than those distinguished sons of 
Hopkinton, Brigadier General Joab 
X. Patterson and Commodore George 
H. Perkins, in the military and naval 
forces of the republic respectively. 



liminary education in the Hopkinton 
and Gilmanton Academies, and under 
a private tutor, till his entrance to the 
United States Naval Academy at An- 
napolis, in October, 1851, to which he 
had been given an appointment, 
through Congressman Charles H. 
Peaslee, and from which he graduated 
in 1856. 

After several brief periods of sen- 
ice on different vessels and various 
expeditions to the Isthmus of Panama, 
the Newfoundland fishing fields, the 
Mediterranean, and South America, 
he was, in 1858, appointed acting 



351 



The Granite Monthly 



master and served an the Sabine at 
Montevideo, and on the Sumter on a 
cruise on the African coast. He was 
promoted master, September 5, 1859, 
and lieutenant February 2, 1SG1, and 
ordered to the Cayuga, on which he 
was second in command. This vessel 
was made the nag ship, and Lieuten- 
ant Perkins, as pilot, led the first 
division of gunboats in the famous 
passage of Forts Jackson and St. 
Philip, April 24, 186$, the Cayuga 
receiving the first fire, passing under 
the walls of Fort St. Philip and sink- 
ing the Confederate steamer, Govcr- 



ordered north, but voluntarily as- 
sumed command of the monitor, 
.Chickasaw , in the battle of Mobile 
Bay, where he captured the Con- 
federate armored ram, Tennessee, 
and was largely instrumental in the 
reduction of Forts Powell, Gaines and 
Morgan. He was superintendent of 
ironclads at New Orleans, hi 1865-0; 
executive officer of the Lackawanna, 
in the Pacific. 1866-9 and in the 
ordnance department at the Boston 
Navy yard, 1869-71. He was pro- 
moted commander, January 19, 1871, 
and was assigned to the command of 



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Street View in Contoocook 



nor Moore, and the ram, Manassas. 
On the following morning it led the 
fleet up the river and received the 
surrender of New Orleans, Captain 
Bailey and Lieutenant Perkins walk- 
ing alone and unattended to the city 
hall. He was executive officer of the 
Cayuga from October, 1862 to June, 
1863, having been promoted lieuten- 
ant commander December 31, 1862. 
In June and July, 1863, he com- 
manded the gunboat New London, on 
the Mississippi, and ran the batteries 
at Port Hudson five times. Pic as- 
sisted in the blockade of Sabine Pass, 
and was in blockade duty on the 
Scioto off the coast of' Texas from 
July, 1863 to April, 1864, when he was 



the store-ship Relief, conveying con- 
tributions to the French. Subse- 
quently he was on duty at Boston as 
ordnance officer and lighthouse in- 
spector. He commanded the Ashuelot 
of the Asiatic squadron 1879-81; 
commanded the torpedo station at 
Newport, R. L, in 1882, March 10. 
of which year, he was promoted cap- 
tain. He commanded the Hartford of 
the Pacific station, 1885-86. He was 
placed on the retired list October I, 
1891 ; and was promoted commodore 
on the retired list, May 9, 1896, for 
distinguished services during the re- 
bellion. He married, September 12, 
1870, Anna Minot Weld, daughter of 
William F. Weld of Boston. He died 



Hopkinton Celebration 



355 



in Boston. October 28. 1899. leaving 
a daughter, Isabel Weld — now Mrs. 
Larz Anderson of Brookline, Mass. 

Commodore Perkins was a loyal 
son of New Hampshire, and spent no 
little time, in his later years, within 
its borders, having developed a beau- 
tiful country estate in the town of 
Webster, not far from his birthplace, 
where the breeding of fine horses, for 
which he had a fondness, was a special 
diversion. 

An heroic statue of the Commo- 



Hampshire villages. Its wide and 
splendidly shaded Main street and 
fine old houses are the admiration of 
all who pass that way. There were 
many spacious and substantial resi- 
dences built in town, outside the vil- 
lage, many of which are now occupied 
as summer homes by former residents 
or other people, while elegant modern 
homes have been erected by others, 
who have found the town a most 
desirable vacation resort. Of the 
latter class is the fine summer home 



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Baptist 



Episcopal 
Hopkinton Village Churches 



Cougregationalisi 



dore, a gift to the state, from his 
daughter, stands at the west front of 
the State House in Concord. 



Hopkinton Milage, where, as has 
been mentioned, but for the defection 
of one of the town's own leading citi- 
zens, the permanent capital of the 
state might have been established, 
was not only a place of considerable 
commercial importance a century 
ago. and later, but remains to the 
present time one of the most beautiful 
and attractive of our old-time New 



erected in the village a quarter of a 
century ago by Horace Gair Chase, a 
son of Judge. Horace Chase, long a 
successful business man of Chicago, 
who died a year or two ago. and which 
is still held by the family. Louis M. 
Grant, a Chicago lawyer, son-in-law 
of Mr. Chase, has also recently built, 
on Gould's Hilt, commanding a mag- 
nificent view, one of the finest and 
most substantial summer homes in 
the state. Many people who have 
no homes of their own in the town, 
come here for their vacations, never- 



356 



The Granite Monthly 



theless, and are well cared for by 
those who find the business of enter- 
taining them both pleasant and prof- 
itable. The "Mount Lookout 
House," on the slope of Putney's 
Hill is the best known of several re- 
sorts patronized by this class. 



At the annual town meeting last 
March, the citizens of Hopkinton 
initiated a movement for a fitting 
celebration of the one hundred and 
fiftieth anniversary of the incorpora- 
tion of the town. On motion of Mr. 



da}'. Various sub-committees were 
named to carry out the details of the 
work, the full list of committees being 
as follows : 

General Committee 

Frank I. Morrill, Chairman, 

Horace J. Davis, 

Willard T. Greene,, 

George M. Putnam, 

J. Arthur Jones. 

Religious Observance. — Rev. 
Lucian Kimball. Rev. F. M. Buker, 
Rev. E. T. Gough, Rev. C. L. 



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View in Hopkinton Village 



Frank I. Morrill it was voted that 
such celebration be held, and the 
sum of $500 was appropriated to 
meet the expenses of the same. A 
General Committee was appointed to 
take full charge of the matter, fix the 
time and place and make the neces- 
sary arrangements. This committee, 
after due consideration, determined 
upon Sunday and Monday, August 
29 and 30, as the days for the celebra- 
tion, the same to be held at Hopkin- 
ton Village, appropriate religious exer- 
cises being held on Sunday, and the 
anniversary exercises proper on Mon- 



Snow, George Lord, Mrs. Delia A. 
Bonahan. 

Invitations. — C. C. Davis, Dr. 
Dodge, James 0. Straw, Orren Fuller, 
Miss Carrie Carr, Joseph Clough, 
Mrs. Warren Barton, Robert T. 
Gould, Eben F. Dustin, Miss Rhoda 
F. Barnard, Airs. Chas. Holmes, Geo. 
E. Barnard, Edward G. . Rurmells, 
Henry H. Crowell, Mar}- Flanders. 
Eibridge G. Kimball, Mrs. Herman W. 
Greene, Miss Ellen Colby, Mrs. Alice 
Young, Miss L. A. C. Stanwood/ Mrs. 
Carlos G. Hawthorn, Henry D. Dustin. 

Reception. — Dr. Arthur W. Good- 



Hopkinton Celebration 



357 



speed. Gen. William M. Graham, Sr., 
Mrs. Robert Kimball, Dr. George C. 
Blaisdeil, Mrs. Mary Clark Darrach, 
Miss Ellen C. Roberts. Arthur C. 
Huntoon. 

Refreshments. — Franklin P. John- 
son, Arthur Colby, Joseph Derry, 
Mrs. Margaret Kimball, Mrs. Henry 
Eaton, Mrs. Mary E. Gueren, Mrs. 
Noyes Johnson, Parker Flanders. 

Music. — Mrs. W. T. Green, Mrs. 
Dexter Ladd, Mrs. Yira C. Derry, 
Mrs. Geo. Barnard, Mrs. W. N. 
Davis, Mrs. Geo. Butman, Miss 
Gladys L. Davis, Mrs. Chas. Dalby, 
Mrs. D. F. Fisk, Mrs. Jessie Johnson. 

Grounds. — Eugene Dunbar, Chas. 
A. Mills, Walter F, Hoyt, Marl D. 
Chase, Frank F. Hoyt, Lerman R. 
Mills, Frank C. Mills, Ira Putney. 

Decorations. — Herbert J. French, 
William A. Baker, Will C. Russ, Mrs. 
Kate P. Kimball, Frank L. Flanders, 
Mrs. Chas. C. Weston, Mrs. Mary 
Clark Darrach, Mrs. Chas. Kimball, 
Mrs. C. L. Snow, Leon Kellev, Joseph 
Tilton. 

Sports. — Samuel Chase, Chas. 
Preston, Frank H. Reed, Arthur C. 
Call, Benj. C. Wescott, Byron K. 



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Photo by Harold if. Render 

First Parsonage iv Hopkinton 

On Putney Hill. Taken in 1S96 

Symonds, Joseph A. Wiggen, "Roy 
Kimball, Arthur E. Dunbar, Nathan- 
iel A. Davis, Wallace H. Tarbell, 
M.D.,Harlev Bout well, Rov Emerson. 



Advertising. — Arthur G. Symonds, 
Herbert W. Kimball, Arthur J. Bout- 
well, Henry Eaton, Richard B. 
Clough, John G. Burnham, Chas. R. 
Putnam. 

Fire Works and Salute. — Lewis 








s 




Bishop Carlton Chase 

A. Nelson, Hugh T. Skelley, Chas. C. 
Kimball, E. R. Gueren. John F. Carr. 

Grand Army.— Frank J. Mudgetu 
Geo. M. Barnard, Lewis H. Dearborn, 
H. H. Crowell, Woodbury Hardy. 

Parade.— Joseph Derry, Jack Put- 
ney, Herbert French, Arthur C. 
Huntoon, Thomas E. Davis, Dr. 
Wallace Tarbell, Harry Dimon, 
Paul Coolidge. 

The various committees soon got' 
at their work and, under the capable 
and energetic direction of Chairman 
Mori-ill of the General Committee, 
had the plans perfected and all details 
arranged in due season. 

Religious Observance 
The religions exercises on Sunday 
were held in the Congregational 
Church, opening at 10.45 a. m., the 
programme, as arranged, being as 
follows: 



;58 



The Granite Monthly 



Bridge at Contoocook 



DOXOLOGY 
IX VOCATION 

ANTHEM 

United Church Choirs 

SCRIPTURE READIXG 
ANTHEM 

PRAYER 

Rev. Mr. Spiers, formerly of Hopkinton, 

now of Virginia 

HYMN 

ADDRESS 

Rev. Lueian Kimball 

THE CHURCH IX THE TOWN 

Pan, Rev. Mr. Ivimball 

Present, Rev. F. M. Baker 

Future, Rev. E. T. Gough 

HYMN 

BENEDICTION 

The anniversary programme, for 
Monday. August 30, was arranged as 
follows : 

Salute at sunrise, on Mtr Putney, 
near the Mt. Putney Garrison, 150 
guns. 

Civic Parade, Dr. Wallace Tarbell, 
Marshal; Hopkinton Band, 10 a. m. 

Sports. 

Historical Exercises, in front of 
Town Hall, 1 p. m. 

Introductory Address, Chairman, 
Frank I. Morrill. 

Prayer, Rev. E. T. Gough, pastor 
M. E. Church, Contoocook. 

Historical Address, Rev. Charles 
E. Harrington, D. D., Holliston, Mass. 



Music, Hopkinton Band. 

Short addresses by other speakers, 
including Judge Charles R. Corning, 
Levin J. Chase, and H. H. Metcalf, 
of Concord, and George Ira Tarr of 
Roekport, Mass. 

Music, Band. 

Continuation of sports at Chase's 
Field. 

A concert by Xevers' full band of 
Concord was scheduled for the even- 
ing, with fireworks in Hopkinton 
Square, the concluding music being — 

"Lone; ma y our "land be bright 
With Freedom's holy light." 



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.- New Jerusalem Church, Contoocook 

Following is the Historical Address 
by Rev. Charles E. Harrington, D. D.: 



Hopkinton Celebration 



359 



HISTORICAL ADDRESS 

One hundred and fifty years takes us halfV 
way back to the landing of the Pilgrim 
Fathers at Plymouth. One hundred and 
fifty years beyond that would bring us to 
the discovery of America by Christopher 
Columbus. Such a discovery could but stir 
the sum of life throughout the whole of Chris- 
tendom. On the one hand avarice and greed; 
and on the other ambition and a desire to 
extend the Kingdom of God would be aroused. 
Men of action and the spirit of adventure, 
with such virgin soil challenging their cour- 
age, would be eager to found new families, 
and acquire landed estates; to explore new 
wildernesses and subdue them; to establish 
new states and govern them. 

But who owned this new land? Perhaps 
the Chinese, whose ancestors were driven 
a<"ros- the Pacific by the storms that swept 
it. Perhaps the Asiatics who crossed the 
narrow waters of Behring's Strait in search 
of adventure. Who knows? 

The people found in the new world by the 
white men were copper colored, long, coarse, 
blackhaired men and women, with high 
cheek bones, square forehead, deep-set, 
shining eyes, thick lips and broad nose — 
''whose Doctor was Death and whose hospi- 
tal was the grave. " These they called 
Indians. 

If occupancy gives title, then were these 
Indians owners of the new world, for they 
possessed the continent from the Arctic seas 
to the Strait of Magellan. Possibly, too, 
this continent belonged to the Indian by 
conquest, for in various of its parts, from the 
Great Lakes to the gulf, the white man found 
extensive earth works evidently thrown up 
for defence. It is clear that before the Pil- 
grim Fathers came here in the Mayflower or 
Columbus touched our shores, the continent 
had been the home of people who "built 
cities, spun and wove cotton, worked in gold, 
silver and copper mines, labored in fields and 
organized governments. " And yet the white 
men paid little heed to titles which had been 
acquired by conquest and confirmed by pos- 
session. They claimed title because their 
subjects, had visited the new shores and 
taken possession in their sovereign's name. 
They claimed the coast and "all the land 
that lay behind it even to the Pacific sea." 
^\ i.th a title no better supported, King James 



of England gave away territories ten times 
as large as his own little realm at home, and 
drew charters which extended from "sea to 
sea and from the river to the ends of the 
earth." Any one who has studied the early 
history of New Hampshire knows that it is 
more difficult to follow the line of grants or 
patents issued to the first settlers than to find 
one's way through an Egyptian maze or to 
solve a Chinese puzzle. He must give up 
all hope of being consistent, and head off a 
line here and take up another somewhere 
else, content if he come out somewhere, 
having made a kind of progress. 







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Methodist Church, Contoocook 

Professor Sanborn says: "A belt extending 
from Cape Fear on the coast of North Caro- 
lina to Halifax was set apart by James I in 
1606 to be colonized by two rival companies. " 
This territory was divided into two nearly 
equal parts: one called North Virginia, ex- 
tending from the forty-first to the forty- 
fifth degree of north latitude; the other 
extending from the thirty-fourth to the 
thirty-eighth degree north latitude, called 
South Virginia. The former of these was 
granted to a company of knights, gentlemen 
and merchants from the West of England, 
called the Plymouth Company: the southern 
part was granted to "noble men, gentlemen 



360 



The Granite Monthly 



and merchants" called the London Com- 
pany. But the King himself claimed that 
he alone was the real sorereign of these im- 
mense territories. He was also a sort of 
feudal lord because he expected from the 
inhabitants homage and rent, thus granting 
lands to which he had no title and exacting 
rents to which lie had no real claim. 

Later, in November 1620, the Plymouth 
Colony received a new charter granting all 



\ 



territory between the Merrimack and the 
Kennebec Rivers with all the islands within 
three miles of the coast. Subsequently, 
Gorges and Mason divided their grant: 
Gorges taking the unoccupied lands east of 
the Piscataqua River, which he called Maine; 
and Mason holding the rest of the territory, 
together with what he had obtained by a 
new patent from the council of Plymouth, 
which he named Xew Hampshire in honor 



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Frank I. Morrill 

Chairman General Committee 



lands between the fortieth and the forty- 
eighth degree of north latitude, from the 
latitude of Philadelphia to the St. Lawrence 
river and "from sea to sea. " And this terri- 
tory was called ''the Xew England of 
America." 

In 1622, Ferclinando Gorges, a man of 
superior intellect and dauntless courage, and 
John Mason, at one time governor of New- 
foundland, a man of enterprise and zeal, 
obtained by grant from King James, the 



of Hampshire in England which had beer* 
his home. 

These two men had experiences which are 
common to pioneers. Their hopes came 
and went; they brightened and faded. It 
would take us too far afield to follow them 
through their alternations of sunshine and 
shade. But as we have seen the "Xew Eng- 
land of America" carved out of the continent 
and the colonies of Maine and Xew Hamp- 
shire cut out of Xew England, we shall next 



Hopkinton Celebrot ion 



361 



see the colonies divided into towbsh'ps. 
Several of these were first numbered, then 
named. For example the town of Warner 
was first called Number 1; and the town of 
Hermiker, Number G. 

The Mason claim was maintained from 
1622 to 1691, when it passed by purchase 
into the hands of one named Samuel Allen. 
Nearly fifty years after this, one of the lineal 
descendants of Mason, John Tufton Mason, 
by name, set up a claim to his ancestor's 
estate and successfully defended this claim, 
and in 1746 sold out to twelve leading men 
of Portsmouth for £1500. 

In 1715 a township was incorporated in 
the Province of Massachusetts which was 



this may have been one of the reasons why 
the people from that town chose this as a 
place of settlement. On one of these hills, 
called Saddle Hill,' was the birth-place in 
1747 of Daniel Shay, leader of what is known 
as Shay's rebellion. The founders of our 
Republic had declared in 1776 that whenever 
any form of government becomes destructive 
of the inalienable rights of men, "it is the 
right of the people to alter or even abolish 
that government and to institute a new 
government" to secure these rights. The 
colonists carried on a great war for seven 
years to defend this proposition, and they 
had carried on that war successfully, but 
when peace was declared, and the colonists 



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Dam at Contoocook 



called Hopkinton in honor of Edward Hop- 
kins, one of the early governors of Connecti- 
cut. This town is situated on the highest 
land between Boston and Wachusett Moun- 
tain. It was from this township that the 
town whose anniversary we celebrate today 
was named. That we may the better appre- 
ciate the character of the men from whose 
loins so many of the early settlers of our 
Hopkinton sprang, I devote some time to the 
history of that township. 

If you go there today, the people will give 
you a cordial welcome, and point out to you 
their places of interest. You will find the 
surface of the town diversified with hills and 
valleys much as our town's surface is, and 



undertook to organize such a new govern- 
ment, they found they had no easy task on 
hand. How to make the national govern- 
ment strong and yet preserve the independ- 
ence or the rights of the several states, did 
not readily appear and the consequence was 
that one day they would have one nation 
with thirteen states and the next day they 
would have thirteen independent states and 
no nation. Moreover, jealousies existed 
between the several states. 

A heavy debt had been incurred by the 
war for independence, and there was no 
money with which to pay this debt. Con- 
gress had no power to levy taxes. It could 
only ask and urge the people to pay; but 



Frank I. Morrill, chairman of the General Committee of the anniversary celebration, to whose energetic direc- 
tion it3 success is largely due, was born in Hopkinton, November 30, 1848, the sou of George W. and Laura Ann 
(Bacon) Morrill. He was educated in the public schools, Contoocook Academy, New Hampton Institution, and 
the Boston University Law School, graduating B. L. in 1873. He was admitted to the Massachusetts bar va 1874, 
and practiced his profession in Boston for twelve years, when he removed to hi* old home in Contoocook where he 
has since resided. He is a Republican in oolitic?, has served as moderator and supervisor; was a representative in 
1893; has been twenty years a trustee of the Hopkinton Free Public Library, and was postmaster under the admin- 
istration of President Taft. 



362 



The Granite Monthly 



they were too jealous of Congress to heed the 
request. In New England large bodies of 
men assembled, refusing to pay their taxes, 
and even threatening to overthrow the new 
government. Moreover, the government 
was accused of extravagance, and growing 
more so; court expenses increased; lawyers 
fees enlarged; and the salaries of the governor 



did not succeed. And yet. as Brown, no 
doubt, hastened the coming of freedom by his 
rash act. so Shay probably helped to bring 
about relief from the oppressions of which he 
and so many of his fellow-countrymen com- 
plained, by his rebellion. The people of Hop- 
kinton, Massachusetts, will also point out to 
you the place where John Young, father of far- 



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_ _ _._:.^_;r^ : *i 



Rev. Charles E. Harrington, D. D. 

Historian of the Day 



and other state officials added to the burdens 
which the people were carrying. Some one 
said that "the allegations multiplied and the 
allegators became more and more violent." 
And the famous Daniel Shay, resident of 
Hopkinton, seeing no hope in the courts, tried 
to stop the abuses by force, as John Brown, 
the abolitionist and hero of Ossawattomie 
tried to free the slaves of this nation at Har- 
per's Ferry in 1859. But, like Brown, Shay 



famed Brigham Young, the apostle of Mor- 
monism, was born. Here, too, were the 
country homes of Sir Harry Frankland and his 
friend, Commissioner Price, to which Sir Harry 
brought the fair and fascinating Agnes 
Surriage who figured as a real heroine in 
saving the life of her lover, who was buried 
under the ruins of a church destroyed by the 
great earthquake of Lisbon in 1775. And 
with a sort of pride the people of old Hopkin- 



Hopkinton Celebration 



363 



ton will take you to see the house which 
once stood on the common, as a school- 
house, from one of whose windows "the 
large boys," according to a custom some- 
what common in those days, dropped their 
teacher into a snowbank, the teacher who 
afterward became famous as a preacher, 
Henry Ward Beecher. On this same com- 
mon, the noted evangelist, George White- 
field, once preached. . 

The town is beautiful for situation, and 
for many years furnished interesting subjects 
for poets, artists and novelists. It was the 
scene of many of the incidents of Harriet 
Beecher Stowe's "Old Town Folks," and its 
famous Frankland Hall, the wealth and 
beauty of its natural advantages, its fame as 
a health resort, brought hosts of people here 
on annual pilgrimages, and made it the scene 
of many a rout and revel and the gathering 
of brave men and women. 

The people of that town were preeminently 
patriotic from the very beginning. For the 
West Indian expedition of 1741, eleven men 
and one boy marched away, not like the 
storied men who "marched up the hill and 
then marched down again," but like the brave 
six hundred immortalized in Tennyson's 
poem r "The Charge of the Light Brigade," 
eleven men and one boy marched away — and 
all but one man and the boy marched into 
the jaws of death. Twenty-six men were in 
the rank and file of the war of 1744. In the 
French and Indian wars of 1754-1763, large 
numbers served with distinction; from 1775 
to the battle of Lexington and Concord, three 
companies "armed and equipped as the law 
requires" were kept up to the fighting point, 
and when Paul Revere made his renowned 
midnight ride, these men true and trained 
marched away to meet, the emergency. In 
1776, when the voters put on record their 
position respecting the mother country, they 
declared themselves unanimously "independ- 
ent ox the Kingdom of Great Britain." In 
1812 the town furnished its full quota to 



fight against England; in 1N61-5 it sent 425 
soldiers or sixteen more than its quota to 
fight for "liberty and union. *' So, from the 
days of Indian troubles to the last war of the 
Republic, its record for patriotism has not 
been surpassed by that of any town in the 
state or in the country. 

Standing on the highest point in the town, 
in the center of the village, and looking around, 
one sees numerous towns and villages and 
many church spires, while the view eastward 
stretches away to the Blue Hills of Milton 



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3> 



Hon. Abram Brown 



and over and beyond them to the gleaming 
waters of Massachusetts Bay. 

From this town have gone forth to that 
top where Webster said there was "plenty of 
room," manufacturers, merchants and bank- 
ers who have been a credit to their town, 
men who have taken conspicuous places in 
the various professions, and served their 
town and state and nation with honor and 
distinction. We may well point with satis- 



Rev. Charles E. Harrington, D. D., Historian of the day, though a native of Concord, born October 5, 18-16, 
son of Moses B. and Betsey P. (Moores) Harrington, removed with his parents to Hopkinton in earh childhood, 
where he was reared and educated in the public schools, and at Hopkinton and New London Academies. He 
engaged for some time in teaching and was principal of the Farmington and Littleton High Schools. Subsequently 
he decided to enter the Congregational ministry, pursued his studies at the Bangor Theological Seminary', and had 
his first pastorate at Lancaster, 1874 to lr87& From 1878 to 1882 he was pastor of the South Congregational 
Church in Concord. From 1S>2 to 188.5 he preached in Dubuque. Iowa, and at Keene, X. H., for a number of 
ye^ars following. He has since held several pastorates outside the state, his last service being at St. Petersburg, 
Fla. He served for a time in the Civil War, in the ISth X. H. Regiment, being mustered out as a sergeant, June 
13, 1863. While in Concord he was for years chaplain in the N. II. X. G. He received the honorary degree of 
A. M. from Dartmouth College in 1&7S, and that of D. D. from Iowa College in 1889. 



364 



The Granite Monthly 



faction and pride to the hills of Massachu- 
setts from whence has come our strength. 

The Great and General Court for His Maj- 
esty's Province of Massachusetts Bay as- 
sembling in May, 1735, and continuing until 
December 31, received a report from a com- 
mittee of both houses, on certain petitions for 
townships on a proposed line between the 
Merrimack and Connecticut rivers. Novem- 
ber 24, 1736, it was voted by this court that 
u John Jones, Esq., of Hopkinton, Mass., be 
fully authorized and impowered to assemble 
.and convene the grantees of township Num- 



t own. Putney's Hill. Other hills of lower 
elevation or sections of these higher places 
were named Brier, Emerson's, Gages, Kast, 
Rowell and Sugar Hills. Those early settlers 
found a fair-sized river flowing through the 
western and along the northern part of their 
township to which was given the Indian 
name Contoocook, into which flowed the 
water from many brooks. The hills and 
valleys were covered with forests of both, 
hard and soft wood, many trees being of 
stately height and great proportions. Bears, 
wolves, lynxes, wildcats and panthers roamed 



1 






• 






Summer Residence of II. C. Chase, Hopkinton Village 



ber Five" — our Hopkinton — to chose a mod- 
erator, a clerk and a committee to allot and 
divide their land. 

The said John Jones issued a call in due 
form and without delay. The proprietors 
obeyed the call and transacted the necessary 
business. And thus were taken the first 
steps for the legal settlement of the town 
whose anniversary we are observing. When 
those settlers came to their new home they 
found a surface diversified like that of the 
town from which they had emigrated. On 
the east was a hill which was named Beech 
Hill; in the southeast, Dimond's Hill; in the 
south, Hoyt's Hill, and near the centre of the 



these forests unharmed and unmolested while 
moose and deer furnished meat for the set- 
tlers' tables. Birds built their nests and sang 
in the branches of the trees. These were 
divided into the predaceous birds, like the 
eagle, hawk, owl and crow, and the.harmless. 
Wild turkey, pigeon and grouse, contributed 
to the luxuries of the table. The streams 
swarmed with fish. Pike, perch and trout 
were taken in great numbers; sturgeon were 
abundant, and, especially in the spawning 
season, salmon and shad were very plentiful. 
Snakes and other kinds of reptiles were numer- 
ous, the only venomous kind being the rattler. 
Xo doubt this was more frequently spoken 



Hopkinton Celebration 



365 



about than seen and yet, an the 29th of May, 
17-10, twenty-five years before the town was 
incorporated, it. was voted to pay eight shil- 
lings per day to those who spent their time 
killing such snakes in town. 

We commonly think of the greatest perils 
of the early settlers of New England as arising 
from the Indians, and many of them were 
from this source, as any trustworthy history 
of the development of the English Colonies 
will show. But the Indians were by no means 
the only people against whom the Colonists 
were obliged to protect themselves. The 
Indians whom the Pilgrims first met were 
friendly. The first word the white man at 
Plymouth heard the red man say was, '"Wel- 
come!" It was the salutation of Samoset in 
the name of Massasoit, his chief. And the 
treaty of peace then signed lasted fifty years. 
It was not until Massasoit died that trouble 
broke out with the Indians, and the white 



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man fortified his house with palisades, carried 
his gun with him when he went to the field 
to work, and when he went to the meeting- 
house to worship. 

It was the Frenchman who disturbed the 



peace of the English at about the time of 
settlement of New Hampshire. But 
French were the allies of the Indians, and 
against the red man, the early settlers of Ni 
ber five built three garrisons. The first 



the 
the 

so, 

lm- 
of 



these was called Kimball's garrison on the 
main road from Hopkinton to Concord, near 
the Jewett Road; the second, on Putney's 
hill, and the third Woodweil's, half a mile 
east of Contoocook. And yet the Indians 
made incursions into the land of the white 
men, killing some, carrying others into cap- 
tivity and terrifying all. 

In 1763 the treaty of Paris was signed, and 
peace and safety were for a time assured. 
Two years after this, steps were taken to 
incorporate the new town, for. which the 
Governor and the King's Council had been 
petitioned. For some time previous to this, 
the town of Bow had claimed a section of 
Number five situated in the southeast part 
of the township. On account of this claim 
there arose a long-continued controversy. 
But when authority was given to incorporate 
the town, now named New Hopkinton from 
Hopkinton, Massachusetts, as the colony 
was called New Hampshire from Hampshire 



366 



The Granite Monthly 



i i\m 



is 



"The Homestead," Re.iJence of the lute John Shackford Kimball 



jn ,old England, it was enacted by the Gov- 
ernor, Council and Assembly that that land 
which Bow claimed and which lay within the 
boundary of Hopkinton, be united with the 
rest of Hopkinton and that all the persons 
who inhabit the same be incorporated to- 
gether into a town which shall be called 
Hopkinton. 



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John Shackford Kimball 



This charter was passed in the House, 
January 10, 1765, and in the Council January 
11, 1765, and then approved by the Governor 
of the Province, Benning Wentworth, and 
a list of the grantees contains several names 
which have been prominent in the history of 
the town down to the present time such as 
Bailey, Jones, Kimball, Gould and Knowlton. 

The census, taken at frequent, yet irregular 
intervals, showed an encouraging growth of 
the town. The original grant had been made 
to sixty proprietors; in 1767, two years after 
the incorporation, the inhabitants numbered 
473; during the next six years, the number 
increased to 9-13; at the beginning of the 
Revolutionary war in 1775, it was 1,085: 
at the end of the war itjwa& 1,4S8; in 1786 it 
had risen to 1,537; . in 1790 the population 
was 1.715, o.nd at the- beginning of the new 
century the enumeration showed 2,015-. By 
this time, according to Mr. C. C. Lord, Hop- 
kinton had become a a prominent station on 
a direct line of travel between Boston and 
Montreal, and the centre of a traffic that 
encouraged population and wealth. Its ele- 
vation to the position of a half -shire town gave 
a special impulse to prosperity, bringing hither 
county judges, lawyers, county officials of 
various grades, and a'l the assemb'age of 
clients and attendants at the different ses- 
sions of count_v judicature. Moreover, the 
General Court of New Hampshire had met at 
Hopkinton twice before the end of the cen- 



Hopkinton Celebration 



36: 



tury, and the temporary advent of state 
officials and other influential persons, thus 
occasioned, aided eminently the social dis- 
tinction of the town. It was hoped that. 
Hopkinton would become the permanent 
capital of the state. 

"In 1S00 the territory of Hopkinton was 
largely appropria ted by thrifty farmers. 
The hills and vales were scenes of prosperous 
rural industry, while flocks and herds of 
thousands of sheep and cattle roamed in fer- 
tile pastures, or were sheltered in the com- 
modious barns of their owners. There were 
various mills and manufactories upon the 



districts of the township. The village of 
Hopkinton at that time was probably not 



& 




Robert R. Kimball 



X 



f 



John Stevens Kimball 

Important streams of the town, while shops of 
different sorts were located in the numerous 



far from its present extent, although the 
number of buildings was perhaps somewhat 
less. From the village square, roads led 
outward in all directions as now, excepting 
that the present direct highway to Contoo- 
cook had not been opened between the village 
and Putney's Hill. There were then three 
meeting-houses in Hopkinton. Besides the 
easterly and westerly Congregational meeting- 
houses, there was a Baptist meeting-house at 
the junction of several roads at a point about 
a mile southsvest of the village." There 
were then two lawyers in the village and five 



Kimball is a name v. c 13 known in Hopkinton, in all stages of its history-. Numerous families in town have borne 
it, among the best known in later years being that, of John Shackfohd Kimball, and his three sons. Mr. Kimball 
was a native of Pembroke, educated for the law, and for a time was the partner of Robert Rantoul, in Boston. On 
account of kis health he gave wo his practice and engaged in mercantile business. In 1854 he purchased the old 
Governor Haivey house in Hopkinton Village, and there established his residence, dividing his time between. Hop- 
kinton and Boston. He was prominent in public affairs, represented Hopkinton in the legislature in 1866-7, and 
wa5 a member of the staff of Gov. Walter Harriman. He married Mary Eldredge, daughter of Dr. John Stevens. 
They had five children, John Stevens, Robert Rantoul, Man. Grace, Kate Pearl and George A. S. He died April 
18, 1SSS. 

John Stevens Kimball was born in Boston, July 31, 1845, was educated in the Phillips Grammar School, Hop- 
kinton Academy and the Tagbconic Institute at Lanesboro, Ma=>s. He was engaged in mercantile business in 
Boston and Hopkinton with his father and brother; was register of deeds for Merrimack from 1879 to 1881, repre- 
sented Hopkinton in the legislature of 1883, and was a trial justice of the peace for many years. He died some 
years since, having been twice married, first to Clara, daughter of Reuben E. French of Hopkinton, who died leaving 
a son, John P.. and later to her sister. Margaret A. 

Robert Rantoul Kimball, born in Boston, March 7, 1849, was educated in that city, at Lanesboro and West 
Newton. He also took an interest in mercantile affairs early in life and was actively engaged in trade in Boston 
and Hopkinton. For thirty years previous to his death, which occurred Mary 2, 1904, he had been associated with 
the famous Boston nrm of Brown, Durreil A: Co. He married October 30, 1S72, Ella Louise, daughter of Robert B- 
and Eiiza M. (Winans) Currier, aDd a granddaughter of Dr. Stephen Currier, an early physician of the town. 



368 



The Granite Monthly 



EJmhurst," Residence of Mrs. Robert R. Kimball 



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Geo. A. S. Kimball 

City Marshal of Concord 



physicians in the town and nine mill owners 
of different kinds. There were two taverns. 
There were at least half a dozen merchants, a 
tanner, a bookbinder and bookseller, a black- 
smith and a cabinet-maker. The public im- 
portance of the town attracted the attention 
of people in all parts of the state, and stage- 
coaches visited the town dail}-. coursing the 
the great 1 ne of travel running from north to 
south. Hopkinton could well be called in 
1SQ0 "